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THCLBGUP. TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 3, 1891.
i-rZ Clothing leiren.-
-rrTr or Plier, 'i.D
5: rrT7Triwl salesmen to take orders
T'Iiiimio rroit ml ornaenii ire,
Bf'""'" tirnb. ere. . lo eraeriepce
lr'J"Brence rcanirea. www i-ai.
P fBlfmi" C0- BocnasTSB,
four for Work
recoirod Urge sdlitlons to tielr stockl?
in rrerr denirtment.
Md op?lio all kind", including " '
Bst Goods at Low Rates-S
A. D. HUESING,
com Fire Insurance Companies he following:
Royil Inurnce Company, of England.
Welie"tr Fire Ins. Company of N. Y.
Ba5aio German Ins. Co., Buffalo, N. T. '
Hvtwier German Ins. Co., Bochaster, H. T.
Citaent ln. Co., of Pittsburgh, Pa.
an Jin t l!flri I.nnrinn.
UtioL ins. Co., of California.
Seenriij Ini. C .. Mew naven, conn.
!!u:Kee Mechanics Ins. Co., Milwaukee, Wis
fiensu Fire Ins. Ckw,of Peoria, III,
Offl Cor, 18th St., and Second Atc,
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
J. M. BUFORD,'
GEOTRAIr t -
' Ths all Pira and Time-trie Ooatwaaias
LOSSES PROMPTLY PAID.
lu ai low as any reli-Me company earn afl 4L
1 our patronage u aoueae.
BTOfflce In Aigw block. v
Surety on Bonds.
TZbow who sre required to give bonds in nosl
coos nt trusi, and who desire to avoid aekini
frand to been ne their sareMes. or who may win)
10 relieve friends from farther obligations as
wnlfiipn. onhwie who may desire nonds and
Mdertitinz required in the courrs, should apply
2-2 "r ' e' 'o the AMERICAN
SrRF.TV r.CI of New Vn-i. f!h Canita!
I .flJJ.im I).. -ri itlw circnNr .in application.
: UCBfKKNCO IT. Agent,
ITU e.-od avenue, Kck Island, 111:
HORST V0X:KCECKBITZ. Pharmacist
Pbucbo ions a Smoialtt.
Fourth Are. and Twentv-Third St.
Orders promptly filled
for game, fish and oysters;
also a first-class restaurant
Meals at all hours by Harry
w. bmvthe, at
Telephone 1147. '
MINISTB A. TOR'S NOTICE.
Ettate of Jrnnlo rilhha IWnitl.
nndenined havin? beerfaonointed admin-
!. '"1..0' the estate of Jennie Uibbe,
Jifni"1 .'he connty of Rock Island, state
'"'"ondeceaned, hereby gWee notice that she
IinH b'0re tke connty court of Hoc
"mn CO0?t- "the office of the clerk of said
uw'.on the t Monday In December next,
id M..lm U Pe-o-1 baring claime against
ortbeDn,,nou3ea iL0 "in""0 a i
HrjW" of having the same adjusted. All
tau im w saiu estate an nq""
liiuj .r payment to tne nnoorsignwa. '
itfi', ! of Oetober,A.D.,18W. '
ANME M WORKMaN.AdnrtntatratrU,
OCEAN XmiCEING. ;
VORACIOUS ' ATLANTIC EATING
IT8 WAY WESTWARD.
Eastern Coast Line Is RetrvaMnr at
the Bate of is Bod AnnnalW r-h.n.
Hare Occurred Along; the Coast
The Atlantic coast line from Pun
lo Capa Hatteras is retreatinor with a
steady and alarming rapidity before the
wavs of the ocean. Each average year the
waters advance one rod inland, where no
bluffs afford a temporarily opposing bar
rier. Property owners at snmmer resorts
all along the shore view wrth dread the
encroachment of the sea, trying their best
to oppose its progress with breakwaters
and other feeble expedients.
Nevertheless, the eating away of the
shore still proceeds, inexorable Neptune
devouring it inch by inch. Ocean avenne
at Long Branch only a few years ago was
a broad road. Now it is a narrow one com
paratively, its width decreasing annually.
At other poinp the beaches of a genera
tion back are hundreds of yards oat at sea.
a ne seastae cottage, with a broad lawn be
fore it, has an "expectation' of life" of a
fiecade or so, perhaps, but (t must go.
' Not long since a huge hotel at a popular
summer city had to be dragged by a team
nf locomotives a considerable distance to
escape the waters which were undermin
Along the Gulf coast from Mobile hav to
the mouth of the Mississippi the same dfre
f ul process is going on. Villas and orange
groves on toe snore are swept away and in
undated by the advancing waves. Thirty
four years ago Last island, a. health and
pleasure resort of New Orleans, was swal
lowed up by the storm waters with most
of its transient prjpnlaHon, and only atide
washed bank remains to mark its site.
More than once since then villages and
wttlements on the margin of the gulf and
upon the delta islands of the MississiDni
have been wiped from the face of the land.
All these occurrences tell the same storv
of ecroachment by the ocean upon the continent.
Comparison of maps shows that the At-
antic coast from Barnegat inlet twelve
miles southward, known as Lone Beach.
tuts in thirty two years retreated 545 feet
more than one-eighth of a mile. Survejs
t.f Cape May county demonstrate that
within the last century the shore along it
as receded three-quarters of a mile.
On the I arclina coast the advance of the
ea upon t lie rice plantations has been go-
ag on Kteaany lor three generations.
The sea is devouring the land." savs Laf-
cadio He.-irn. "Many and many a mile of
round has yielded to the tireless charging
of ocean's cavalry. Far out you can- see
itn a good glass the porpoises at play
here of old the sugarcane shook out its
million bannerets, and shark Gns are now
sen.in water above a site where pigeons
osed to coo."
One curious featnre of these alterations
of the coabt line by the encroachment of
the seas is fonnd in the exposure by the
a Ivancing waters of ancient meadows and
forests long buried. In this manner have
b.n disclosed to view old cedar swamps,
and thus a singular industry actual miu
ii g for timber has been created.
At several points in eastern New Jersey
enormous quantities of white cedar and
aagnolia logs, sound and fit for use, are
ft and submerged in what have now be
come salt marshes. Many of the trees thus
e) humed were forest giants. In the Great
U-Kiar swamp, on the creek of the same
nnme, the trunks reach a diameter of
CAI SE OF THE EECEDIXG USE.
The catixe of all this is that the Atlautic
at d Gnlf coasts are actually sinking, and
the rate tit which they are going down is
estimated by the official geologist of New
Jersey at two feet per century. Now, the
general seaward slope of the edge of the
coatinent is about six feet to the mile, so
th it the sinking of each 100 years gives a
tb rd of a mile of lowland to the ocean.
Ti is wonld seem to be rather less than the
ra e of encroachment Indicated by com
parison of maps made at successive periods.
Modern geologic science has ascertained
th it the entire crnst of the earth is in a
condition of such sensitive equilibrium
that the taking of weight from one part of
it to another brings about elevation of the
po-tiou from which the weight is removed
and produces a corresponding depression
of the portion where it is added. The
rivers which empty into the Atlautic from
Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras and along the
shore of the Gnlf carry ont into the ocean
eat b year billions of tons of material, which
is thus deposited outside t lie ocean s edge.
Thi weight transferred causes a steadily
pre gressive depression of the coast line.
If all the water iu the Atlautic ocean
wet dried up you would perhaps be sur
prised to observe that the eastern edge of
the great land mass which we call toe
No-th American continent is not the pres
ent beach line at alL ou would see that
the continent itself extends far out into the
ocein. a distance varying from fifty to 100
CBAKGES 121 THE EAST.
Once upon a time this terrace was all
above the water; the east shore of the con
tinent had a very different shape, there
was a deep sea close to the coast, and the
loca lities where now are situated .er
Yoi k, Philadelphia and Boston, were tar
Gradually, owing to the causes I have
mentioned, this great terrace has sunk so
tha; ships are sailing over what was a
few thousands of years ago dry land. So
sho-t atirue, from the geological point of
vir. has been required to effect this
chaage that the beds of the Hudson, the
Potomac ana other great stratum rc ui
fa rhannelr cut out of the terrace, a suf
ficient period oot having elapsed for filling
tbeia op with detritus.
The process oy wmcn mis h xw
plisied is steadily and progressively going
Kara vear the Altantic shore line
and the same is true of the Gulf coast is
farther westward by an average distance
of a rod. For each century there is a loss
of t ne-thirdof a mile to the edge of the
How long is it going to be at
this rate before the eastern coastal plain of
the United States is submerged beneath
tbe ocean, together with all iu populous
citie and fertile fields? .
These plains, originally fashioned by the
.u. Iwr. is reclaiming for its own.
JtTctopns arms are seizing tbem in their
embrace, and day by day, month by month
vear bv rear, generation by generation, the
l.ail?. ig farther and farther ia-
r"Z. i,. -.r W too great for pnny man
Z oTrpoW successfully; be can only slowly
'v!.f. the invasion.-Interviewm
'Tie oueenof England and empress of
.Jif.e.3. althiest woman in Europe,
lnT!""" vh. wealthiest of the world.
i.ri wealth ha. been various
.tated.tlromaix to ten million, .ter-
There tba Washing of Feet as a Relic;! one
Ceranuay Still Snrvlves.
Civilization in its onward march has
iwept away from this country many of the
peculiar customs and ceremonies of half a
century ago, but there is no truer rule
than that "there is an exception to every
rule," and accordingly many outlandish
practices are still in vogue In sparsely set
tled parts of tbe Union. Every section of
country has something uncouth or old
fashioned within its borders, to which a
few of the old inhabitants will cling, but
if they are all as harmless as a ceremony
still being occasionally performed in cer
tain parts of tbe south no one is injured.
In the section alluded to, which embraces
Georgia, the Carolina, and northern Ala
bama, is a small and widely scattered re
ligious sect known as "Hard Shell," or anti
missionary Baptists, whose custom of wash
ing one another's feet is worth noting on
the score of novelty if nothing else. The
operation is one which always attracts a
crowd. With the increase of schools in the
country, where these churches are invaria
bly situated, the practice is fast dying out,
however, and in a short time will doubtless
This denominationxlaims to be the prim
itive Baptist church and traces its origin
directly to John the Baptist. It was in
I86T that the Georgia "Hard Shells" with
drew from the orthodox Baptist church on
account of a difference in opinion on the
subject of foreign missions, and so bitter
were they against this work that they de
clared in infancy against all forms of mis
sionary teaching. Tract societies, Sunday
schools, temperance and Bible organiza
tions fell under the edict which went forth
When they declared themselves the primi
tive church and began to wash each other's
feet during their religions meetings. In
Middleton, Ga., a paper is published bi
monthly in the interests of this sect, and
the late editor, Gilbert Beebe, is said to
have been a very brilliant writer. At any
rate, when he went to Georgia to preach
every member of the church in the neigh
borhood would go to see him. His sons
now run the paper, which takes no adver
The members of these churches are ex
The crowning glory of their religion con
sists in carrying out the biblical injunc
tion, "le call me Master and Lord and ye
say well; for so I am. If I am then your
Lord and Master have washed your feet;
ye ought also to wash one another's feet.
For I have given you an example that ye
should do as I have done to you."
Tbe washing process is exceedingly sim
ple, the women sitting on one side of the
church and the men on the other. At the
conclusion of t he service basins are brought
to the front of the church, and with tbem
buckets of water and towels. When all is
ready the women march in groups up to
the front bench on theirsideof the church.
and the men tbe same on their side. Half
of the group of each side sit down and
remove their shoes and stockings and the
remainder wash their feet in a semiagony
of religious fervor, carefully drying them
after the process. This is continued until
all have had their feet washed those who
sat down first always washing immedi
ately afterward the feet of those who per
formed a like service for them.
The ceremony differs in various parts of
the section in which the "Hard Shells" are
found, bntns it always provokes a spirit of
levity on the part of the ever present crowd
of spectators, only the old people now en
gage i n it. New York World.
A " UUA1NT " CUS I OM.
Acroas the A it tic Ocean at Two Miles a Day
The objects from the Jeannette drifted
In three years from the New Siberian
islands to the west coast of Greenland. If
we assume that they required one year for
the drift southward from latitude 80 degs.
north, on the east coast of Greenland, only
two years remain for the rest of the jour
ney, and this requires a speed of no more
than two nautical miles in every twenty
four hours. This does not seem too high a
rate when we remember that the Jeannette
drifted at the same speed daring the last
half vear of her drifting, and that in tbe
last davs before she sank she drifted at a
much higher speed, which sometimes
reached even eight nautical miles every
twenty-fonr hours. It cannot therefore be
considered improbable that we should
reach open water on this side of the pole
within two years after our start from the
Siberian side, and if we take provisions for
five years we may consider that we have
an ample margin. Dr. iridtjof Hansen in
The rtiospbate Fields or Florida.
The old sources of supply of phosphate.
South Carolina, Canada and the West
Indies, have probably all reached the point
of maximum production, and it is to
Florida that the world must look for its
increasing wants. What untold riches lie
under the soil of tbe Peninsula State may
be imagined from the fact that one of its
richest tracts of phosphate land is 1,000
miles square. ' Over most of this land the
thickness of tbe deposit varies from three
to thirty feet or more, the average being
about ten feet.
A cubic yard of the crude stuff will wash
out from GOO pounds to half a ton of clean.
dry nodules, and a recent survey has giv
en the contents of a single section of land
(640 acres) at 8,000,000 tons. An acre of
phosphate land, if the deposit be only three
feet deer), will contain 4.MU cudic yards ol
stratum, yielding 1,000 or 2,000 tons of
clear phosphate nodules. New York Tele
fses of Old English Gravestones.
Old grave slabs are sometimes to be seen
used up in our old churches in an odd
manner, showing that our forefathers, in
these instances at least, had bnt small re
gard for relics of the kind. There was one
fine slab, with a handsome cross incised
upon it, observed cut into lengths and
made into a water table, to throw off the
rain on the roof of Alnwick church. An
other in the same edifice may be seen made
into the lintel of a clerestory window. - In
the south aisle of Morpeth church another
is made into a lintel.
In Middleton church, Teesdale, there is
another example of .similar economy. A
portion ot the shaft of a cross carved with
Saxon ornament was made into the stem
of a font, dated 186V in Xvothbury church.
In this way many fragments have been
handed down to us that might otherwise
have disappeared altogether. Gentleman's
" Time to Go to Work.
A woman was trying to induce General
Sherman to use his influence for her son in
order that he might be given a place in the
army, for which, however, be had shows
no particular ntness. Jits lather was in
the army," said the urgent mother, "and
so were his grandfather and his great
grandfather, and it seems as if he onght to
follow the line." "Hml Three 'genera
tions in the army," said the general.
"Don't you think, madam, that it is about
time for one member of the family to
work for a living?" Boston Beacon.
That Looks Impossible !
But it is the Truth!
Our entire stock of Clothing and Genfs Furnish
ing Goods has to be sacrificed regardless
of cost, as we will positively
QUIT THE CLOTHING BUSINESS.
115 and 117 West Second Street, DAVENPORT, IA.
Will give away a NEAT PENCIL CASE
with every pair of School Shoes this com
ing week, at the. old reliable shoe house,
CARSE & CO.
1622 Second Avenue
ImMita a tritLutnt trmnsnraM-y to the akim. R
I moTM &U Dimples, f rvektoe and dlroloraOonav. m
I aaJe toy ail fino-cl dnifrfrits, or aualrtl tor M eta.
in stamps by
M rawed am
a eta P.
Vcwsvana Aiwaawi BonaMl (10 enrage
THIS PAPER S
J. T. DIXOJST,
And Dealer in Mens Fine Woolens.
1706 8econd Avenne