Newspaper Page Text
THE AKGU8, FBIDAY, DECEMBER 4 1891.
THE AUG US.
Published Daily and Weekly at 1M Becomd Av
enue, Rock leland, 111.
I. W. POTTER.
Tans Dally, 60c per month; Weekly, 13.00
All eommnnlcattona of a orltical or argumenta
tive character, political or religious, must nave
reel name attached (or publication. No inch artl
tlelee win be printed over actiUons eignaturea
Anonymon. communications not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from every township
Is Bock Island county.
Friday. Decembkb 4. 1891.
The Ignorant darkej'a definition of tbe
Mills bill 88 being a measure to build
mills all over Texas was not a more lugu
brious notion than that of those fool
Buckeye farmers, who supposed that the
election of McKinley meant the buildi jr
of tin plate mills in every Ohio tomato
A handsome uatural cave was recently
discovered in Lafayette county, Georgia.
It contains many rooms of most exqui
site crystalized beauty, and a yawning
abyss, into which large stones have been
thrown with no reverberating soudcIs
borne back to ihe ear by which its depth
might be gauged.
It :s said that four fifths of the staam
engines of the world have been construct
ed within the last 25 years. The total
liorse power is estimated at 49.000,000. of
which ihe United States has 7,500.000.
Great Britain, 7,000.000. Germany 4.500.
000, France 3 000,000 and Austria 1,500 .
A HIGH -TARIFF TRICK.
CAREFt'LlV prepared machice cut edi
torials are now being utilized by republi
can editors showing the great increase iu
Jbe aversga per capita wealth of, the
country since the protective tariff laws
first went into effect. The figures ad
duced show a remarkably healthy' and
satisfactory state of affairs. They show
to each of these editors that the average
wealth of himself and Andrew Carnegie is
$10,000,000. Or. to put it more clearly,
Andrew Carnegie has $20,000,000 aud
be has nothing, which is a most "healthy
and satisfactory state of sffiirn" for
Feoria Herald: President Palmer, of
the Worlds fair commission, sajs that
(5.000,000 is needed from the govern
ment to insure the success of the world's
fair. Congress should appropriate the
amount without delay. The augur
bountle s will amount to $12,000,000. If
we can affotd to pay that much to feed
that old infant the sugar industry this
younger one, wnose voice will be heard
all over the world, should certainly have
$5,000,000. The infant must be well
fed, strong and comely whtn the world
comes to see it.
A Keithsbcro genius baa arranged a
most novel paraphernalia by the use of
which the wearer may walk in the water
over his depth although submerged only
to the armpits. The operator wears a
water proof dress something similar to
that of a diver and his weight is sup
ported by a canvas float impervious to
water. This float is four feet long and
three wide, of an oblong shape. In the
middle of this is an aperture which ad
mits of its being securely fastened
around the body under the arm pits. At
the outer side of the legs are rubber flips,
which lie back against the leg when it is
thrust forward, but which stand out and
give a purchase on the water when the
leg is thrust backward in making a stride.
What speed can be made with this novel
paraphernalia Is not known, s the ice in
the river prevents practical demonstra
tion. The inventor claims great advan
tages for bis outfit in hunting ducks and
geese. With the gun before him on the
float and a wide canvas hat of a dull
color, he claims to be able to walk right
into the midst of a flock of ducks.
The ConHtltntioaalliy of it.
New York Herald.
It Is not to be expected that the United
States supreme court will set aside the
McKinley act when the question of its
constitutionality comes up for considera
tion. But the opinion of the court on
the validity of the reciprocity and
especially the sugar bounty clause, will
be awaited with widespread interest.
The question of the right of congress
to vote a sugar bounty raises the broad
issue of the power of that body to enact
protection legislation. Had this ques
tion been raised in the early days of the
government there is little room for doubt
that the court would have denied the
existence of such authority. The power
of congress is clearly limited by the con
stitution to levying revenues for govern
mental needs only. and no authority whatt
ever is conferred for favoring any indus
try or individual by protection. But
now that this power has been exercised
by congress for nearly a century the
court would hardly dare to set it asi le.
At the same time it is difficult to sec on
what constitutional ground the judges
can sustain the right of congress to levy
imposts on one class of the community
for the express purpose of giving eratoi
ties to another class, as is done in the
case of the eugtr bounty.
Does Protection Protect
Certainly, in one instance, it does.
Hood's Barsaparilla is the great protection
against the dangers of impure blood, and
it will cure or prevent all diseases of this
class. It has well won its name f the
tost blood purifier by its many remark a-
Die cures. .
The hicheat nraian nna been won bv
Hood's Pills for their easy yet efficient
action. Bold by all druggists . rnce za
cents per box.
HOW THE PROTECTED COMBINES ARE
FORECLOSING .THEIR MORTGAGES.
If the Farmer Sells His Trod acts Abroad
and Imports Goods, He Pays the Tas
to the United State. If He Buys Ills
Goods Here, He I'ays the Mortgage.
A little over a year ago, when the Mc
Kinley bill was pending in congress, the
high tariff organs vied with one another
in their zeal to show how good a ttain
the enactment of this bill into a law
would be for the farmers of the United
States. The same thing was trae of the
leaders of high protectionism in con
gress, and McKinley, the author of the
bill, went so far as to assert that the
home market" was tlit only market the
farmer wanted. The depression in the
farming- industries he said was due to
the importation of farming products.
To remedy this he increased in this bill
the duties on wheat, corn, oats, butter
and cheese, his aim being to make the
farmers believe that tha McKinley bill
was a farmers' bill and that he insisted
on its passage for their benefit.
No political job was ever made more
flagrant than this. To carry it out, how
ever, the fanners were told that our im
ports of farm products were enormous.
Had they been told the actual facts the
job would have fallen to the ground. As
I matter of fact, last year we imported
less than 4.500 bushels of wheat and ex
ported over 54.000,0(10 bushels; our im
ports of what flour were only 1.213 bar
rels an J our exports over 12,000,000
barrels; our imports of corn only 1,597
bushels and our exports 102,000.000
bnslie-ls, and onr imports of butter only
3,er7 jiO'jnds, against 30,000,000 pounds
The scbl-me was to keen the fanners
Ignorant of these facts, and under the
rover of the job to advance the duties
on the articles which the farmers con
sume and which they buy with their
rorn, wheat and butter. The scheme
was successful, and before the farmers
awoke to the truth the McKinlev bill
had become a law. In it the trusts and
rombinat ions were well cared for. The
duties on tin plate, cutlery and other
iron and f-teel tiroducts, cotton, woolen
and linen goods, glass and earthenware
were greatly increase.! for the benefit
Df the trusts and combines en paired in
producing these articles. These duties
were in many c.-tst-s prohibitory, and in
every case gave the manufacturer of
these articles a complete monopoly of
the home market at their own prices.
When all this was accomplished the
high tariff orirans were riven the cue to
talk (if something else Iwside the taniT
Mid the farmers' home market. Accord
ingly they turned their attention to
Jther things. The failure of the crops
abroad and our own abundant harvests
Jjave them a subject for discussion, and
now these organs are filled with esti
mates of the amount of breadstuffs
needed in Europe. They have forgotten
all about the ' home market." At the
the same time the financial editors of
these papers are estimating the probable
kruonnt of gold which Europe will have
lo ship to ns in payment of onr exports
Df farm prod acts.
But why gold? Why not glassware,
arthenware and woolen goods? Can it
be that the farmers who have wheat.
:orn and butter to sell do not need these
irticles. or can they get them cheaper
here? Does this explain why gold and
not goods is shipped in payment for
wheat and com? Surely the farmers
have not enough of these things, and
were they cheaper here there would be
no need of a high tariff upon them.
This explains the purpose of the big
job on the fanner. It shows why the
trusts and combines were so anxious to
Dave the McKinley tariff become a law.
Their aim was to make the farmers buy
what they need of them only, and at
rach prices as they should choose to fix
n their products. They have secured a
tariff mortgage on the farmers' wheat
tnd corn, and they intend to foreclose it
:his year. Every dollar's worth of glass
ware, crockery, iron, linen, cotton ami
woolen goods bought in this country re
jnires more bushels of wheat and corn
than if bought abroad. The difference
represents the number of bushels of
wheat and corn required to settle the
To show how much of farm products
will le required to pay for every dollar
if the tariff mortgage on crockery the
following table has been compiled. It
jives the net wholesale price for the
various articles making up a set of crock
try needed for the farmers table, in
England and the United States. It also
mows the difference between the Eng
lish price and the American price, and
the amount of duty that must be paid
when the goods are imported. The kind
if ware for which prices are given is
what is known as white granite ware:
Wholesale t. S. IT. P.
price. prices, du-
Knir. U.S. higher, ties.
I tins, bakers SI) K4 51 40 $0 fifl $0 4(
I doz. howls 47 74 Zi 3,
I revered butlers 8 47 HI .
I doz. iudivid'I butter (K) 1.', (Ki o:.
1 doz. hau'd coffee cups 44 SO :tti "4
tloz. covered dishe-j. 11-' 1 CO in in
is dtiz. ordinary dishes - i 4it 17 1!
I creams , 20 II "
I iloz. flut pliites 8-1 0 " l'.
I doz. deep plates !! (it W
I doz. fruit saucers.... 14 23 IO (is
tsuenra -1 :lH 17 li
I doz. bundled teitcuis :7 Ii7 2-1
I tea pot U 1 11 7
luw much of each product must be paid
as taies to the United States if the
goods are imported, or to the crockery
combine in payment of their tariff mort
gage if the ware is bought in the United
To bu y $5. 10 To bu y $8.71 Taxes or
of crockery of crockery tariff
in England, in L'. 8. mortgage
Wheat at $1.10
per bushel... 4.63 bu. 7.91 bu. 8.28 bo.
Corn at T5 cts.
per bushel... 6.S0bu. 11.81 bu. 4.81 bu.
Oats at 4d cts.
per bushel.. 12.73 bu. 1.77 bu. 9.03 bu.
Butter nt 25
cts. per lb. . . 30.40 lbs. 84.S4 Ilw. 14.44 lbs.
Cheese at 10
cts. per lb... 51.00 lbs. 87.10 lbs. 30 10 lbs.
Unless the fanner abstains from buy
ing crockery he has his choice of two
alternatives. If he buys his crockery
abroad he must pay the tax into the
treasury of the United States. If he
buys it here lie pays an equal amount io
the crockery combine.
And yet McKinley says the tariff im
poses no burden npon the farmers, for,
says he, "the foreigner pays it." Do the
above facts bear him out, or do they
prove his assertions to be untrue?
THE CARPET INDUSTRY.
Arthur T. t.yman. Treasurer of tlin Low
ell Carpet Company, ToKtifles.
It is hardly worth while to say that
carpets iu ISliO were higher than they
are now. The fall in prices of all sorts
of goods carpets, iron, cotton cloth,
etc. has been wonderful in the past
twenty or thirty years, but the fall has
come from an increased production per
loom or ppindle or furnace, from vastly
improved machines and methods, from
the extension of railways and the enor
mous reduction in cost of transporta
tion, etc., and not from protective tar
id's. Tin; fall in prices has Iwn ns marked
in free trade England as in the United
States, and wages have meantime gone
np both here and in England. As to
carpets, the McKinley bill increased
heavily the duties on carpet wools and
it has excluded some kinds, with the
queer result of giving foreigners exclu
sive use of them at three or four cents
per pound less price than Ix-fore. It is
perfectly certain that if the McKinley
bill had not passed in Vtoler, 18!H, the
prices of tnnn'ts would not have ad
vanced; it is equally certain that the
prices did advance at wholesale. Those
who had wool on hand got the benefit of
this partial and temporary monopoly
that has ubovit passed away, and the
pennanent bad effects are beginning to
tell, as it was evident they would. Re
tail prices were, I think, really advanced
in IJoston to some extent, but if not they
would have lnen advanced sooner or
later if it had not been for the unsatis
factory condition of trade, unless the re
tail dealers had remained content to take
the advance which they were really pay
ing to the manufacturer out of their own
In Xew York. Chicago and Philadel
phia I understand that the retail prices
of carpets were advanced.
That the McKinley bill increased the
cost of carpets; that the prices of car
pets were advanced in consequence of
the McKinley bill; that they would not
have been advanced if the McKinley
bill had not been passed, and that if
wool had been made free the cost and
prices of carets would have gone down
are facts that cannot be disputed by
any one who understands the carpet
manufacture and trade and its condi
tions in 1890 and ISO 1.
In March, 1S90, J. R. Dodge, the stat
istician of the department of agricul
ture, published a report showing the
production and distribution of the wheat
crop of 18H8. In this report he "gave
away" the boasted "home market,"
which protectionist boast has leen es
tablished by high tariffs. The following
are his figures, graphically illustrated:
Total wheat crop in 1883, 415,868,000
bushels, represented by
Total cost $" 10 $s 71 fi 01 M
A set of crockery as above, costing
fj.10 in England, costs $3.71 in the
United States, the United States price
being $3.61 higher. The duties on the
ware alone amount to $2.S1. Duty at
the rate of 53 ier cent, is also levied on
the packages in which the ware is
packed and the other expenses of pur
chase, which, added to $2.81. makes the
whole duty equal to the difference be
tween the English aud the American
At the present prices of farm products
the following amounts are needed to
purchase the above set of crockery in
England and the United States. The
difference between these amounts "tows
Of this 181,7"0,079 bnshels were con
sumed by th farmers themselves in the
county where grown, as shown by
Of the remainder 54.012,702 bushels
were nsed by the farmers for seed for
the crop of 1889, or
88.000,743 bushels of the remainder
were exported, or this line
This left 91.504,4,17 bnshels, a part of
which was held in elevators in reserve, a
part consumed in markets which even
tne protectionists wonhl not claim were
built np by and exist only in conse
ouences of protection, and the remainder
consumed in the boasted home market
of high protectionism.
In 1388 therefore, or sixty two years
after Henry Clay launched his "Ameri
can system" to provide a "home market"
for onr farm products, we rind that the
'home market" takes less than 23 per
cent. t)f our crop of wheat exclusive of
that reserved for seed, while we con
tinue to export over 21 J per cent, of it.
The Cordage Trust liaises Trices.
Nothing is more common than the
fact that when manufacturers "get to
gether" to form trusts they aunounce to
the trade that they do not intend to
raise, prices, but. nnite solely for the pur
pose of economizing the production and
Kile of their products. As soon, how
ever, as, their mon poly is complete they
forget all about their promises and
charge as high prices as the traffic will
liear. The action of the cordage trust
in this regard is ha follows, according to
The Iron Age, a high tariff organ:
A further advance has been made by
the National Cordage company, who on
Saturday advanced the price of manilla
rojie three-fonrths of a cent per pound,
and sisal and New Zealand one cent
per pound. This action is taken in view
of the fact that they are securing con
trol of the market, and outside competi
tion ceases to be an important element
The tone of the market is decidedly
strong, and it is thought probable that
further advances will follow.
With tender feet finds
great comfort in wear
ing shoes from the
1623 Second Ave.
We carry E. P. Reed & Cos fine shoes for
ladies, which we guarantee in every respect
Widths A to EE. Our Leader -A ladies
$2.50 fair stitch shoe.
We desire to say to our citizens, that
for years we have t-ci n elliitg Dr. Kind's
New Discovery for Consumption, Dr.
King's New Lite Pills. Bucklen's Arnica
Salve and Electric Bitters, and have never
handled remedies that sell ac wt-ll, or that
have given uch universal tatisfaction.
We do not hesitate to cuarantce them
every time, snd we stand readv to refund
the purchase price, if satisfactory results
do not foliow their ufe. These remedies
have won their sreit popularity purely on
their merits. Hartz & Bahnsen, dtiigx
A MillKB Frenas.
A friend in need is a fritud indeed, end
not less thao one million people have
just such a friend in Dr. King's New
Discovery for consumption, coughs, and
colds If yon have never used this creat
cough medicine, one trial will convince
jou that it has wonderful curative pow
ers in all diseases of throat, chest and
luDgs. Eirh bottle is guaranteed to do
all that is claimed or money will bo re
funded. Trial bottles free at Hertz &
Bahnsen's drug store. Large bottles 50c
BUCKLSN'S A.B.NICA 8ALVB.
The best salve in the world for cots,
bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever
sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains,
corns aud all skin eruptions, and posi
tively cures piles, or no pay required. It
is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction
or money refunded. Price 25 cents per
box. For sale bv 17 am Bahtssn.
?or Over Fifty Tears
Mrs. Winslow s Soothing Syrup has
been used by millions of mothers for
their children while teething. If dis
burbed at night and broken of your res
by a sick child suffering and crying with
pain of cutting teeth send at once and get
a bottle o! ' Mrs. Winslot's Soothing
Syrup" for children teething. It will re
lieve the poor little sufferer immediately.
Depend upon it, mothers, there is no mis
take about it. It cures diarrhoea, regu
lates tfee stomach and bowels, cures wind
colic, softens the gums, rciuci. inflamma
tion and gives tone and energy to the
whole system, "Mrs Winslow's Soothing
Syrup1 for children teething is pleasant
to the taste and is the prescription of one
of the oldest and best female physicians
and nurses in the United States. Sold by
all druggists throughout the world. Price
twenty-five cents a bottle. Be sure and
ask for "Mrs. Winslow's Soothir g Sjtup
To Hervctt acd Sebliattd Ben.
If you will send me to' address we
will mail you our illustrated pamphlet
explaining all about Dr. Dye's celebrated
electro voltaic belt and appliances, and
their charming effects upon the nervous
dabilitated system, and how they will
quickly restore you to vigor, manhood
and health. Pamphlet free. If you are
thus afflicted, we will send you a belt and
appliances on trial.
Voltaic Belt Co., Marshall, Mich.
1 1 m an old man and have been a con
stant sufferer with catarth for the l&et 10
years. I am entirely cured by the use of
Ely's Cream Balm. It is strange thitt so
simple a temedy will cure such a stub
born disease. Henry Billintrs.U. S. Ptn
sion Att'y, Washington, D. C.
For eieht jenrs I have suffered from
catarrh, which affected my eyes and hear
ing; have employed many physicians
without relief I am now on my second
bottle of Elj's Cream Balm, and feel con
fident of a complete cure. Mary C.
Thompson, Cerro Gordo, III.
Is the pursuit of tne gooa things of
this world we anticipate too much; we
eat out the heart and sweetness of world
ly pleasures by delightful forethought of
them. The results obtained from the use
of Dr. Jones' Red Clover Tonic far exceed
all claims. It cures dyspepsia, and all
stomach,, liver, kidney and bladder
troubles. It is a perfect tonic, appetUer,
Mood purifier, a sure cure for ague and
malarial diseases. Price, 50 cents, of
Pozzoni's , Complexion Powder pro
Jnces a soft and beautiful (kin; it com
bines every element of beauty and puriiy
A lelicicus and Healthful C:fc:ti:a!
THE PUREST AND BEST CUM
tVER CFFlRfD TO THE PUBLICI
ITS MEDICINAL PROPERTIES ARE 1NVAIUAEUI
SOUS TEECA7, C2wGHS AND C0L23,
AKO IS HIGHLY BtKCFICIAl TO DYSPEPTICS.
It whitens ttie teeth and sweetens lh trenth. tin
pans x pleasant tasto to the mouth, and an agree
able feelmt to the stomach.
Uorff's ehor-To Cum is the bet, trv it once, an!
tou vi!t txe no other afterwards, if any dealer
you ask for it. has nrl t;et it, t.ke no Dthi r. but p i
fomrwh'Tfi rise. You will fiml all proeressive
dealers have it. that is the class of dealers to pat
rouixc always for anything you want.
CHEW BORC'S CHOC-TO CUM,
59 A 61 C. CANAL ST., CHICAGO, ILL.
HARTZ & BAHNSEN,
Wholetal 1 Agents for Krck Maul.
TO BliflffCH STOCK.
A chance you can't afford to
miss We are offering un
precedented values in
Including all of our magnificent
assortments of choice Hats
and Bonnets at very
low pi ices.
MISS KATE BYRNES,
1709 Second avenue.
-ALL KINDS OF-
Cast lion Work
done. A peclltj of furniahlDK tl. klodi
of Stoye with CaaUngt at 8 oentt
A MACHINE SHOP
hii been added where all klcdf of machine
work will ba done firat-claaa.
NINTH ST. AND 7th AVE.
D0WN1NQ BROS.. Propts.
John Volk 6c Co.,
Saeb Doors Blinds, Siding, Flooring,
and all kind, of wood work for builders.
Xlf ouentb St.. bet. Third and Foarth are.
WQCK IS l. ASP.
Express and Moving.
Ail order promptly attended to. Cbar
3r"IaTe order, at R. Trenaman't Harn.st
nop on Market square.
Chicago, Minneapolis xfc
Via th F:mon; A!Vnlj
St. Louis. lv:inneapoiSi-:SL
Through Sleepers and Its
KANSAS CITY, MINNEAPOLIS IT. Si
FEORIA, CEDAR MPIDS AND SIOclHI
CHICACO AND CEDARM
Via the Famoi: .KlWn Uklm
T 1 10 Great Iuwu Summer Rj
For li.-iiltv.iv ami IU-! Eat. M
rami'liii-H ml ii !'in'.Li;.'r.ir
tirii'l Tiiki t ami r.i..-flj,"i
F0R CHEAP HOW
On lin nf tliU ntiii in ViTtl'i?
SoutlitastiTii MinneMu a;.! tvtaij
when' lriuj;lit ami crop fail ir !." e
1val Kxeurstoii iat inv.r.. ltti.
tit'ti a to irir(M'l lanil ami I'.'.iixi
:. i.'l Ti.-k.it -1-1. 1 n.-.r -
All of tin' rax,ni:iTTr4Hi.iIrs
this Kailivav ai- V.itnl I; '"'-r
enne. iitnl the- Mam lath- Iv-1---
are lijzliti-il null Hie h,i-.!ik 1:- -
Map. Time laMrs. V'.mifH
fontiatirii lm:iMnil mi ai-vihsti'
Tickets on sale mt tin nuiVUfcr
jmints in the I'limn. ami lv its at
parts of the I'mii il Mat.aii-nMa
rfKor :iiiii.lini-rm-Tlt.- i-t ErJVr
and local mutters ( int. lest.
loeai columns ol tais Pal'- r.
C. J. IVES. J- E. MVM
Vres't 4 tim'l Sal t. ( -""l
CEDAR RAPIDS, I0S-
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in a aiaoi. ''''r1 :y-i':-'-J-
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