Newspaper Page Text
n5rT3? DECEMBER 10, 1891.
THE ANNUAL MESSAGE
President Harrison's Commu
nication to Congress.
HIS VIEWS CONCISELY STATED.
The Lynching of Italians at New Or
leans a Deplorable and Dis
A Decided Stand Taken by the President
on the Murder of the American
Sailor by the Chilians
Gratifying Result of the Experiment of Making-
Soldiers of Indians Operations of the
Tressury Department Boundary Treaty
with Mexico and the Nicaragua Canal The
Smuggling of Chinese into the United States
Methods of Choosing Electors Other Im
portant Topics Handled by the Chief Ex
ecutive. To tat. Senate ANnTIorsK or Kf.prksf.nt
Ativkm: The reports of the hearts of the sev
eral executive departments, roquircp liv law to
he submitted to mo. which are herewith trans
mitted, and the reports of tile secretary of tho
treasury and the attorney general, maiie
directly to congr.'ss, furiiiHti a comprehensive
view of the administrative work of the last
fiscal year relating to national ami iiitornation
'ism affairs. ItVouTd 1 of great advantage if
these rejiorts i-ould have an attentive eriisal
by every niomlior of congress, and by
all who take an interest in pulilio
affair. finch a perusal Rhould not
fail to exact a higher appreciation of the
vast labor and conscientious efforts which are
(riven to the conduct of our civil adniinistrH
tion. Tho report will, I liclievc. show that
every Question has been approached, consider
ed and decided from the standpoint of public
duty and considerations artis-ting the public
Interests alone. Again I invite to every branch
of the service the attention and scrntinv "f
congress. The work of the state department
during the last year has lieen cbat'actizcd by
an unusual nnmls-r of important negotiation's
and by dipli matie results of a notable and
highly bcuenV.nl character. Among thw arc
the reciprocal trade arrangements which have
lieen concluded, in the exercise of the powers
conferred by section :i of flic tariff law with the
Republic of Brazil, with Spain for its West
India rsMsessifms and with San llomingo. Like
negotiations with other mimtriwi have lon
much advanced, and it is hoped that before tho
close of the year further definitive trade ar
rangements of great value will lie concluded.
The Sealeries Question.
Tn view of the reports which had been re
reived as to the diminution of the seal herds
In the Behring sea, I deemed it wise to proimse to
her majesty's government in February last an
agreement as to a closed season shou Id lie made
pending the negotiations for arbitration which
then seemed to lie approaching a favorable
conclusion. .fter much .'orrcspotideuce and
delays for wh.rh this government was not re
aponsihle. an agreement w ie-reached and signed
on the 15th of .Itine. by which lireat Hritain un
dertook, from that date anil until May 1, WH
to prohibit the killing bv her subjects ef seals
dnrihe Betaring sea, and the government of the
tailed States, during the same period, to eu
Yorce its existing prohibit ion against pelagic
sealing and to limit the catch bv the fur com
pany upon the islands to 7.im skins. If tliis
agreement could havelMs-u reached earlier, in
response to the strenuous endeavors of this
frovernment, it would have Imru 11101-4. effective;
int, coming even as late as it did it unquestion
ably resulted in greatly diminishing the de
struction of theses Is l the Cunaiiian sealers.
In my last annual message i stated that the
basis of arbitration promised bv her majesty's
jrovprnmenf for the adjustment of the king
lending controversy as to tin- seal-fisheries was
not acceptable. I am glad now to Is-able to
announce that terms satisfactorv to this gov
ernment have been agnsd upon and that an
agreement as to the arbitrators is all that is
necessary to the completion of the convention.
In view of the advanced position which this
government hss tnkf-n upon the subject of in
ternational arbitration. -thi, renewed expres
sion of our adherence to tips inctliod for the
settlement of disputes such ,1,, hnvc arisen in
the Bering Sea will. I doubt not, nt-ct with the
concurrence of congress.
Provision should lie made for a joint demsr
kation of the frontier line Is-tween Canada
and the United State- wherever required by
the incressing horder settlements, and csp"c
ially for the exact location of the water
boundary in the straights ajid rivers. I should
have lieen glad to announced some favorable
disposition of the boundary disputes between
Great Britain and Vcnitiehi. touching the
western frontier of British U.iintm. but the
' friendly efforts of the t'uitcd stab's in that
direction havo thus far Is-el. unavailing. This
government will com intie to expnss its con
cern at any npts'aranrr of foreign encroach
ment on territories long under the adminis
trative control of American states. The de
termination of a disputed honndary is easily
attainable by amicable arbitration, where the
rights of the respective parties rest, as here,
on historic facts, readily ascertainable.
The Inspection of Meat.
The law of the Inst congress providing a
system of inspection for our meats intended
to export and clothing the president with
power to exclude foreign products from our
markets in rase the country sending them
should perpetuate nn.inst discrimation against
any product of the I 'nited States placed this
government in a position to effectively urge
the removal of such discriminations against
our meats. It is gratifying to lie able to stato
that Germany, iJcinnark. Italy, Austria and
France, in the order named, have opened their
ports to inspected American pork products.
The removal of these restrictions in everv
instance was asked for and given solely upon
the ground that we had now provided a meat
inspection that should lie aci-epted as ade
quate to the complete removal of the dangers,
real or fancied, which had been previously
urged. The state department, our ministers
abroad and the secretary of agriculture have
co-operated with unflagging anil intelligent
aeal for tho accomplishment of this great re
eult. The outlines of an agreement have lieen
reached with (icrnmny. looking to equitable
t rade concessions in consideration of the con
tinual fim importation of her sugars, but thp
timo has not yet arrived when 1 his correspond
enoe can bo submitted to ongn-ss.
The recent political disturbances in the re
s public of Brazil have excited regret and solici
tude. The information we possessed was too
meagre to enable us to form a satisfactory
judgment of tho-causcs leading to the tempo- '
rsry assumption of supreme power by presi
dent Konscca; hut tlue government did not fail
to express, to aim ita -anxious solicitude for tho
peace of Braz.il and for the maintenance of the
free political .institutions which had recently
ln established there, nor to offer our advice
that great moderation should he olwterved in
the clash of parties and the contest for leader-
V ship. These? counsels wore received in the most
friendly spirit, and the latest information is
that constitutional government has licon re-
1 established without bloodshed.
THE NEW ORLEANS LYNCHING.
Suggestions Which are Worthy the At
tention of Congress.
The lynching at New ( )rlcatis in March last
of eleven men of Italian nativity by a mob of
citizens was a most deplorable" atic! discredit
able incident. It did not. however, have its
origin in any general animosity to the Italian
people, nor 111 any disresjiecX to the govern
ment of Italy with which our relations were of
the most friendly character. The fury of the
mob was directed against thesr men as the sup
jMised participants or a-cessories incite mnrder
of a city officer. 1 do not allude to this as mit
igating in any degree this offense against law
and humanity, but only as affecting the inter
national questions which grew out of it. It
was opeuiy represented bv the Italian minister
that several of tin we whose hvos who had
lieen taken by the mob were Italian subjects,
and a demand was made for the punishment ot
the participants and for an indemnity to tho
families of those who wen-killed. Ir is to lie
regretted that the manner in which these
claims were presented were not such as to pro
mote a calm discussion of the questions in
volved; but this may well lie attributed to the
excitement and indignation which tho others
naturally evoked. The views of this govern
ment as to its obligations to foreigners domi
ciled here wore fully stated in the correspond
ence, as well as its purpose to make an investi
gation of the affair with a view to determine
whether there were present anv circumstances
that could, under such rules of duty as we had
indicated woat.- in obligation to tho United
Frieaidlv Conclu-ion Obtainable
The tern orary absence of the sub minister
plenipotentiary of Italy at this capital has e
tarded th 1 further correspondence, but it is
not doubted that a friendly conclusion is at
tainable. Some suggestions growing out ot
this unliaf py incident ure worthy the atten
tion of co 1 gross, it would. 1 lielieve. lie en
tirely oomjietent for congress to make offenses
gainst t le treaty rights of foreigners
domiciled in the I'iiited States cognizable in
the fifderal iourt-s. This has not. however. lsen
done, nnd federal offht.rs and courts have
power in such cases to intervene either for the
protection f a foreign citizen or lor the pun
ishment of his slayer. It seems to me to fol
low in this -rtate of the law that the officers ot
state chars mi with police and judicial powers
in such cos, must, in the consideration of in
ternational questions, growing out of such in
ridents, be regardisl in such sense as federal
agents as to make this government answerable
for their acts in cases where it would lie au
awerable if the United States had used its con
stitutional power to dctiiiu and puuixh crimes
against trot.ty rights.
THE TROUBLE WITH CHILI.
Seizure of the Itata and the Attack on the
The civil -var with Chili, which liegan in Jan
uary last, was continued, but fortunately with
infrequent Mid not imiKntant armed collisivns,
until Aug. S. when the Congressional force
landed near Valparaiso, and. after a bloody en
gagement, aptured that city. President Bal
maccda at o ice recognized that his party was
lost, and a provisional government was speed
ily establisl ed by the victorious party. Our
minister w; s promptly directed to roi-ognizo
and put hit isolf in communication with tuis
troverumont so soon as it should havo estn'e
ishtsl its di fa-to character, which was done.
During the pendency of this civil contwt fre
quent indirect ap(icals were made to this gov
ernment to extend lielligorent rights to iusur
gents and gi e audience to their ropresontaiivi-s
This was dis lined, and that policy was pursued
throughout, which this government, when
wrenched by civil war, so strenuously insisted
uim ou the part of RiiroHnn nations. Tho
Itata. an armed vessel iseninauded by a naval
ofhi-or of th insurgent fleet, manned by its
sailors and n ith soldiers on board, was seized
under prm-eis of tho United States court, at
San Diego, t il., for a violation of our neutral
ity laws. W liile in the custody- of an oftb-er of
the court tin vessel was forcibly-wrested fr.:n
his control and put to sea. It would have is-en
inconsistent wi ll the dignitv and self-respe t
of this government not to liave insisted that
the Itata sho ild lie returiiisl to San lhngo M
abide the jntigiueiit of the court.
1-etler to Admiral I'.rown.
This vras s( clear to the junta of the Congres
siomil party. stablislKsl at litiique. that, ls-fore
the arrival ot the Itata at that u-t. the secre
tary of t'oreii n relations of the provisional gov
ernment, aiit r-SMtl to Rear Admiral Brown,
commanding the United Statist naval forces, a
communicati m. from which the following is an
" The provi-ional government has learned by
thecu)il..grat:isof the Ass.-iate. Press that tlio
transport Ita a. detained in San Diego bv order
ot the United Stub's for taking on Imai'd muni
tions of war and in possi-ssion of the marshal,
left the port carrying on Ixwrd this official,
who was land si at a mint near the coast, and
then continued her voyage. If this news lie
correct, this government would deplore the
conduct of the Itata. and as an evidence that it
is not disposed tosupisu-t or agree to the in
fraction of tie laws of the Unit. si States the
undersigned -akist advantage of the personal
relations you have lssn good enough to msiiu-
ihiii won mm since your arrival m tins port o
declare to yo 1 that as soon a.s she is within
reach of ouro -ders his government will put the
Itata. with th.- nmis anil munitions she t.mk on
lsiard in Sal Diego, at the disposal of the
United States "
Nentra Ity Laws Not Violated.
Atrial in U e district court of the United
States tor the southern district of California,
resulted in a derision holding, among other
things, that, nasmuch as the Congressional
party had not Is-cn recognized as a belligerent,
the acts don., in its interests could not Is-a
violation of onr neutrality laws. Krom this
judinent the United Siati-s has appealed, not
that the condeiiimitioii of the vessel is a matter
of importance but that we mav know what
the present sti te of our law is: for. if this con
struction of he statute is correct, there is
obvious uis-css ty for revision and amendment.
During the progress of the war in Chili t' s
government tendered its good office to bring
about 11 peace adjustment, anil it was at one
time ho.d t nit a good result might be
I-earllisl. but III this wo were disHpsiinted.
The in.-.ti'ucti. ns to our naval officers and o
our minister a Santiago, from t be first to the
last of this struggle, en.ioined upon them the
most impartial treatment and nlisolute non
interference. I am satisfied that these in
struction wen observed and that our renre-sentaiiM-s
wen- always watchful to use their
inllucm-i. inipa -tially in the intcri-st of human
ity, end 011 1 lore then one occasion did so
effectively. e could not forget, however,
thai this govet orient ns in diplomatic rela
tions with the hell established government of
Chili, as it is 11 iw in such relations wiih the
successor of that go el nnient.
Ni tlmclal Cnmplnint.
Jam quite s ire that Pn-sident Montt, who
has, under cin umstauces of promise f,r tim
fieai-c of Chili. Iss-n installed as pnxideut of
that republic, -vill not il.sire that, in the un
fortunato even of anv revolt against his au
thority, the si icy of this government should
Is- other than t lat which we have recently ols
served. No oft. -ial complaint or tin-conduct of
our minister o:- of our naval officers during
the struggle has been presented to this govern
ment: and it is i, matter of regret that so manv
of our pisiple s lould have given ear to unoffi
cial charges mi d complaints that manitestlv
had their origin in rival interests and in a wish
to pervert the relations or the United Stab's
with Chili. The collapse of the government of
Balmaceda broi ght shout a condition which is
unfortunately t si familiar in the historv of
the Central and South American states 'tVith
the overthrow if the Bulmaccda government,
ho and many of his councilors and officers lie
ranic at oner fugitives for their lives and aji-peali-d
to the commanding officers of the for
eign naval vess -Is in the harbor of Valparaiso
and to the resilient foreign ministers at San
t;ago for asylum. This asylum was fn-oiv
given, accorili.it to my information, bv the
naval vessels of several foreign powers and by
several of the 1 gaflons at Santiago.
Attack li the Itallilnnre'a Men.
Tho American minister, as well as his col
leagues, acting 11 twin the inipnlsesof humsanity,
extended asylum to political refuges whose
lives were in p. ril. ' I have not lieen willing to
direct the surrei der of such of these isirsons as
arustill in the Ai lerican legation without suita
ble conditions. t is believed that the onveen.
ment of Chili is 1 ot in a position, in view of the
precedents with which it has Issmi connected
to broadly deny that the right of asylum, and
the correspondi'i ce has not thus far presented
any such denial. The treatment of our minis
tor for a time wi s such as to call for a decided
protest, anil it as very gratifying to observe
that unfriendly measures, which were un
doubtedly the nsult of the prevailing excite
ment. were at once recinded or suitably
relaxed, (in tin lith of ii-tobivr an event oc
curred in Valpaiaisoso serious and tragic in
its circuinstanci and results us to verv iiwtu-
- excite the indignation of our Hsiple and to call
ior jirompr ami nernnii action on the part of
this government A considerable itnmlior ot
the sailors of tin U. S. steamship Baltimore
th en in the harior of Valtiaraiso. Iicimr iinon
shoro leave and nn.-.rmed. were assulted by
armed men nearl - simultaneously iu different
localities in the ci ty.
Itrsnlt or the Attack.
One petty officer was killed outright and sev
en or eight, w an un were seriously wounded,
one of whom hnt since died. So savage and
brutal was the ns guilt that several of our sail
ors received nort than two and one as many
s eighteen stab 011 11c Is. An investigation of
tho affair was p omjitly made by a board of
officers of the Paltimoro, and their report
shows that these assaults" were unprovoked,
that our men wor i conducting themselves in a
peaceable and orderly manner, and that some
of the police of theritytook part in the assault
and used their we ipons with latal effect, while
a few others with some well disposed citizens,
endeavored to protect our mon. Thirty six of
our sailors were srrested, and some of them,
while being takeu to prison were cruelly Is-aten
and maltreated. The fact that, thev were all
discharged, no criminal charge Is-ihg lislgisl
against anyone f them, shows very clearly
that they were inuueent of any breach of the
So far sg T lla e yet been able to learn no
other explanation f thts bloody work has lieen
suggested than II at it had its origin iu hostil
ity to these men af sailors of the United States,
wearing the unifoim of this government and
not in any inuivid ml act or personal animos
ity. The attcncioti of the Chilian government
was at once called to this affair, and a state
ment of the tiicts obtained by the investiga
tion we had oikiu -ted was submitted, aci-oiu-panied
by a request to la- advised of any other
or qualifying fuct 11 thejinsacssion of theCliili
an government that might tend to relieve Ibis
affair of the upiienrance ot an insult, to this
government. 1 he Chilian government was al
to ad vised that if nu h quuiiting tacts did not
exist this government would confidently ex
pect full and prompt reparation.
I'nuati-factory lie ply.
It is to be regret ed that the reply of tho
secretary of foreign affairs of the jiroviaibuo,'
government was couched in so offensive tone.
To this no rey.mso has lieen made. This gov
eminent is now awaiting the result of an invos
tigation which lias lieen conducted by th
criminal conrt of Valparaiso. It is refiorted
unofficially that the investigation is about com
pleted, and it is expected that tho result will
soon lie -oraraunicated to this government, to
gether with some adequate and satisfactory re
sponseto the note by which the attention 01
Chili was called to this incident. 1( these just
expectations should lie disapiKiintod or f nrthei
needless delay intervene, 1 will, by a special
message, bring this matter again to the atten
tion of congress for such action as mav bo nec
essary. The entire eorresoi!dence with the
government of Chili will at an early dav 1
submitted to oongi-oss. I renew the recom
mendation of my SHs-ial message dated Jan. Iti,
IS!!, for the adoption of the ms-essarv legisla
tion to enable this government to'applv iu the
case of Sweden ami Norway the same rule in
resjiect to the levy ing of tonnage dui as was
claimed and secured to the shinning of the
L nited states mlttti under articles of tho
treaty of lsr..
The Outbreak Iu China. .
The adjournment of the senate without
action on the H-nding acts lor the suppression
rf the slave traffic in Africa, nnd for the re
form of the revenue tariff of tho independent
state of Congo, left the government unable to
exchange those acts 011 the date fixed, .Inly- -J,
11. A modus Vivendi has been concluded bv
which the power of the Congo stale to levv
duties on imports is left unimpaired and, bv
agreement of all the signatories to the general
slave trade act. the timo for the exchange of
ratification on the part of the United suites
has lieen extended to Feb. 2, IS'.CJ.
The late outbreak against foreigners in vari
ous nails of the Chinese empire has been a
cause of dwp concern iu view of the numerous
establishments of our citizens in the interior
of that ivmntry. This government an do noless
than insist upon a continuance of t ho protect
ive and punitory measures which the Chinese
Koy-emmeiit has heretofore applied. No effort
will beomittisi to protect our citizens jh-aiv-ably
sojourning in hina. but. rcs-nt unofficial
infoimation indicali-s that what, was at Ur.-t
regardisl as an outbreak of mob iolcnce
again foreigners has assumed the larger form
of an iusurris-tion against public order. The
'hiuese government has decliuisl to receive Mr.
Blair as minister of the United States on tho
ground that, as a participant, while a senator
in the enactment of the existing lcrislntioti
against the introduction of Chinese lals.rers.
h" has lss-oine unfriendly and oh j.s-ti .nabie t 1
China. I have fell const rained to imiiiit out to
the Chinese government the untcnahlcwss of
this pis:tion. which sis 'ins to r-"st as muwii on
that ot the person chosi'ii. and which if aom.t-t.-d.
would practically debar the solcrtion of
any represetitative so long as the existing laws
remain iu force. You will Is- callod up .11 to
consider the exiediency of making sjxs-ial pro
vision by law f. a- tli,. temporary admission of
sme Chinese artisans and lalsircrs iu conue -tion
with the exhibit of Chinese industries at
the approaching Columbian exMisiiiou. I re
gard it as desirable that the Ch.llcse exhibit bo
laciliatoU in every proper way.
An Invitation from Soalc.
A question has arisen with the g. A-prinniit
of Spain touching the rights of American citi
zens in the Caroline islands. Our citizens :ho
long prior to the conram.ition of Snanrs claim
to the islands, had s.s-ur-d bv settlement and
purchase certain rights, to the rccomi : t i-u and
maintenance of w hich the faith 01 Spain was
plislged. 1 have had reason within the past
year very strongly to protest ag-tiust the lad
ore to carry out this pledge on t m part of ins
majesty's ministers, which lias resulted in great
injustice and injury to the American residents.
The government nnd pis.plo of Spain propose
tocelcbrat" the 4Kith iinnivcrsarv ot the d 1.
ooverv or America in- in
that of the world. Every dollar of the bonds
ana stock of the company stioui t represent a
dollar expended in the legitimate and econmical
Tirosecution of the work. This work is oulv
jiossible by giving to tin) bonds the guaranty of
Mie I niceci elates government. &uen a guaranty
would seiMiretkt readv sale at liar of a lijis-r
emit, bond from ine to time as the money was
A ftrett American IroJeet-
I do not doubt that, built upon these business
mentions, tlio canal would, yvlien fully lliaugu
rated, earn its fixi;d cuarins and oneVating ex-
pensoa. But if its lmnds are to be marketed at
heavy discounts and if everv bond sold is to no
accomiiaiiiisl liv a gift of stock, as to lie expect'
ed by investors in such enterprises, the traffic
will lie seriously litirdeuisl to pay tho interest
and dividends. X am quite .willing to recom
moud goveniment promotion in the prosecu
tion of a work which, if 110 other means offered
for.securing its completion, is of such transcend
ent interest that the government should, in my
opinion, secure it by direct appropriations from
it-s trersury. A guaranty of the Ismdsof the
itinal oom'nnnv to the amount neciwmrv to the
completion of the canal could, I think, lie so
given as to not involve anv serious risk or nlti
mate loss. The things to 1k can'fullv guarded
nre the completion of the work within the
limits of the guaranty, the subrogation of the
United State to the rights of the tirst mort
gage bondholders for any amounts it may have
to pay, and in tho meantime a control of the
HtocK or the company as a security against mis
management and loss. 1 most sincerely hone
that neither party nor sectional lines will tie
urawn upon tins American project, so ruli or
interest to the iieople of all our states and so
iiinuentiat m its effect uiui the pi-eutlge and
lirosiH-ritv of our common countrv.
I'l'he president refers to the lalior troubles
on the Island of Navassa and remmmond leg
islation that shall pl:ue labor contracts upon
that and other islands which lwar tho same re
lation tortie I nited stales under the suporvi
sion of a court commissioner. 1
International copyright has been secured,
in accordain-, with the conditions of the net of
March ;i, lstl, w-ilh Belgium. France, limit
rsriiam, anil the In-iiish possessions and Switz
erinnd. the la s of those countries permitting
loom- cuiziMis uii. ni-ni-nis or i:opyngui on sub
siantially the same basis as to their own citi
Zeus and subis-ls. With i;i-mmv u sum-iul
roiivcm ion K!is been negotiatisi iiHin this sub
ject which will bring that iiiuniry- within the
reciprocal benefit 01 our legislation.
Ciencral Interest Angmenteil by Conftict-
The general interest ill 1 he ois-rations of the
treasury department has lieen much angment-
"i (luring ine last year uy mison ot tliecoii
lUciing predictions, which ac.-.niipHtiiiMl and
foilowisl the tariff and other legislation of the
hut inngress all'is-ting the revenues, as to I lie
results of this legislation upon the treasury
and umii the country. On Ihe one hand it was
contcii.lisi that imtKirts wouid so fall off as to
h ave the tivasury liankrupt and that prices of
en icics euiel'llli; into tue living or the people
would Is- so enhanced as to disastrously affect
their coiniori aU't happiness, while on the
other.il as ar;ueil that the loss to the revo
nue, largely the result of of placing sugar on
the lice list would bj a direct gain to the fieo
ple: llial the prices of the necessaries of life,
including those hum highly protected, wonid
not be enhanced; that lalsir would have a larg
er market and tlio products of tli-. farm ad-vaiu-cii
pricos; while ihe treasury surplus ami
re. -ei ts would be adequate to meet the appro-
ii ,ai .ns. iiii-iiioiiig in,, large
Madrid, which will open 011 Sent
finite until Dec. :l. Isiy. a cordial
Has been extended to tile I mt.sl Slates to take
part in this commemoration, and. as Spain was
one of the lirst nations to express t he intention
to participate in the World's Coluini.ian ex
lmsition at Chh-a-jo, it would Is. very- appro
priate for this government to give thi iuvilu
tioti its friemlly promotion.
ls nditur.-s for Ihe rcfiindin to the states of
th' ilil-tS't Ihe nnd thi. riuli.infi,.i, ,.r l... jl..
idiug an exposition at i pri-rent, lsmus.
Koundurv Treatv with .Meirn.
Survey f..r the c.nnect-ng links of the po
je-ted intenintiiiental railway are in progress
not only in Mexi.v,. but at various points al.jn'
the iimrse mapiN-d out. Three surve mg par
tniare now 111 the held under the dir.s tion of
the commission. Nearly Uni miles of the pro
jsisetl road ha. e Iss-n survevisl including tin.
most difficult part, that through I'V-iuolor and
the southern sirt of Colombia. The reports of
the iiginis.rs are very satisfactory and mi,,,v
that no unsuriuountaMc oiista.-les' h:'. Usa
in Nov. 12. ISKf. a treaty was concluded with
Mexico reatnrimng the ..."undarv Is-twecn tile
two countries as dis'rilu'd in the fr.-ati.-s ,.f
Feb. . lstsaed Ds-. :i. KVI. M.u-. h 1. ssti. a
further treaty was negotiated to la. linate the
carrying out of the principles of the treaty of
issland to avi .d the difficult ios o.-casioni-a" by
reason of the changes ami ait.-rations ihat take
place from natural causes in tin- Kio tirunde
and Colorado i-ivers in the )s.rt vms : nei .-. , con
stituting the Isiundai-y line iH-tween Ihe t vo
republii-s. The international Imiindary c.,111
nusMion. provided for bv thi- tnv.ty ..t f!i. to
have exclusive jurisdiction of aiiy.picst.on ihat
may arise, has lss-n imoie.l 1,5 the .Mexican gov
ernnient. An appropriaf ion is n.s-cssai-i' to ei;
sble the Umtisl States to tullil its treaty obli
gatioii in this re.sK-ct.
King Kalaksn i's llenlli.
The death of King Kalakau.i in Ih' United
ftatis afforded oci asion to tt.tify- our friend
ship for Hawaii by conveying the king's ?'hn1v
to his own land in a naval vessel with all dn,)
Honors. 1 lie government ot Ins sue.
V'locu i.iuuoKaiani. is s.h-kiiiu toiiroinoie closi r
commercial relations with Ine Uniied SNit...
Surveys for th. much mssicd sub mai-ine cable
from our laci tic coast to Honolulu, are in pro
gress, and this enterprise should have the suita
ble promotion of the two goi-crmm-uts. I
strongly ris-ommend that provision t m.-oV.
for improving Ihe harU.r .f Pearl river and
equipping 11 14s a naval station.
m.. ..i.it.,ii.... ...... 1... , ,
..." ' . ""I i'"n . 101 mil ai'Mi 1
-and con- 1 It is not my purpose to enter at anv length into
invitation a liisi-ussiou of the eff.s-ts of the ll-cislation i.
which 1 have referred, but a brief examinotio.i
ot the statistics of the treasury and a gene-:. 1
glance at tne state of business throughout th
oiiiitry will, I think, satisfy- anv impartial ii,
qiurcr that its ri-iats have disjip)iinted the
evil pi-, phesie- (if its op..ncuts and in a large
niejisrre r.-air.si the hopeful pivdictions of its
ln. nus. Barely, ii ever Is-foi-e in the history
ol the count ry, has tiiere lss-n a time when the
" Is of one ikiy's lals.r or the product of
one fai isis acre would imrchase so large an
amount of those things that enter into the liv
ing of the nmis s ot the people. I ls-lieve that
a I -.ill lost will develop the tact that t he tariff
act of the Finy first congress is very favorable
in its average oibs t UMn the prices of arti
cles rntci ing into eoinuion nse.
Imports 01 Merchandise.
During the twelve months from Oct. 1, isno
to Sept. .m, ls'.il, the total value of our for
eign dommerve us ports and exportscom bined)
was l.'.ir.Mii.4.iii, wuich was the largest of anv
y.-'ir in the history- ot the I nit.sl States. Tho
largest ol any previous year was in isim when
o'ir cniiien-c amounted to l.tH7.1:-MK3 anl
the List year exceeds this enormous aggre
gate by over Slii,ii.ii. it is interesting, and
to some will ls surprising, to know that during
the yar ending Sept. :m. s:l. our imiorts of
l-.icrchainlise auiouiii-isi to $4.?1.".27ii. which
was an increase of more than fl l.ilm.imi over
t he value of t lie iiufMivts of the oorresjionding
r.iont'us of the iis-,sling year, when the im-p-
.i ts of merchandise were unusually largo iu
niitn-.pation ot ibe tariff legislation then isnd
ing. I'he average annual value of the iniisn ts
ol merchandise for the ten years from lssl to
ls!m wa ISH..V". and during the vear end
ing S-pt. :ii. Isiil. lus annual average was
M.coe,lnd by flf.V.-sf.iii. Tho value of
tree imiiorts during the twelve months ending
Sept. Istd. was SI ls.u!.3sT more than the
value ol I'roc -mpoi ts d iritig the fwressinding
twelve mouth of the pris-n-diiiK year. and there
international American conference lapsed by
reason of the failure to exchange rat meat ions
rniiy- witiiin tne mint 01 tins provid.-it; but
sveral of the govennnents cou.-ei-ned have cx
pressisl a desire to save this important result
of tho rainferonoo by au extrusion of the pci i l. I
It is. in my judgment, iie uuibcnt u;wm the !
I'nited Static toconsi.rve the inilui'tttial initia
tive it Iuls taken in this measure nv 1 atifying i-o
instrument and by iidvo. at:ug tin- 1. -.-.;-veil ex
tension of due time for exchange. These views
havo lieen made known to die other signatories.
The Cxr's Irmtinrni or ihe .lews.
Tliis government has found occasion to ini-
press, in a friendly spirit, but witii much c.u u
ostness, to tho government of the czar its se
rious concern Iss-auso of the harsh measuitH
now being enforosl against the Hebrews in
Itussia. By the revival of nnti seiuetic laws,
long in abeyance, great tiiimi.rs of tiios.. .....
fortunate persons have been constrained to
abandon their homes and leavuthe empire by
reason of the impoMKihihty of tinding snlisist
ence within the pale to which it is sought to
confliie them. The immigration of tii.-se jx-o-lile
to the United rsiat.-s. in mv other coantries
lioiiig cI.smsI to th un. is lai-g.-iy i:a ieas!,,o. and
is hkely to a -.:iuic proportions win -n may
make it difficult to fnil hom. s an I rm;.;, -.-ment
lor t hem here and to seriously attc.-t r lie ialK.r
market. It is estiinati d that' oyer on.- million
will lie forced from liussia within a lew years.
The Hebrew is never u l.gg:r: he has a'lwavs
kept the law- liie by toil olu n under
severe and oppresive civil restrictions.
It is also true that m, race. so. t or
class has more fully cared for its own tiiaii the
Hebrew race But the sudden translcrot ii.-h
n multitude uiidci- conditions that ten., to .-trip
them of their -mall in-, mutilations ilU(j f,,
press their energies and courage, is neither
go-'d for th"iii or tor us The banishmeut.
whether by direct di-crcc or by not less ccrtaiu
indirei.t methods, of so Urge a numlicr of men
and women is not a Ik-1 qiuwiuiu. A decree to
leave one conniry is. in the nature of things an
order to enter another-some oth r. This con- ,
siiioration. as well as the Hugg'-Kiionsoi human-
ity, fifrnishes ample ground lor the remonstran
ces which we havo presented to Uussia. wlnlo
our historic friendship lor that government
cannot fail to give the assnran e that our reii
resentatinus are tliosc ot a sincere well w isiie. .
1 be Nlcaragitu Ctnal. i
Tlie annua! reiiort of tho Maritime Cmml com-
jinny, of Nicaragua shows that much cost,-, and
uis-essary prrparatory work has bis-u "done
during the yeur 111 tho coustructioii ot shops,
railroad tracks, and harbor pu rs and break
waters, and that the workof cwuid const ruction
has made some progress. I d.s.m it to lie- a
matter ..t lie hi;;ne,. nv-n: to the United
Stales. Hint this canal, cnins t.ng tm; waters
of the Atlantic and Parilic oceans and giving
to us a short water commcni. ntiou U-t went our
ports upon those two great sr.w. should lie
speedily constructed and at the smallest prae. I
ticable limit of i-ost . The gam 111 freights to
the p.s.plc and the direct saving to the govern
ment or I nited states m the use of
naval vessels woum iiay tne
of this work within a
01 years.- 1 uv report or tlio siH-retary
of the navy shows tie saving iu our naval
exs-nuiTiire which would result. The sena'i r
from Alabama (Mi. Morgan 1 in his argument
on this subject liefore the senate at the last
session did not overestimate the imsirtauco of
this work when he said that -the canal is the
most important subject now connected with
the commercial growth and roe;a-rity of tho
If this work is to lie promoted bv the usual
ftnancal methods and without the md of this
government, the exis.nditures. in its interest
TiearuiK securities and stocks, will probably be
twice the actual cost. This will necoaitato
higher tolls and constitute a heavy and alto
gether Beudloai burUuu upou our commerce and
'tus .iiiring t!n- siitne ts riisl a d.s-i-ease of SliL.
Sin. is in the value of imports and dutiable
lcrchal!'lis4. 'J lie jieroentage of merchandise
admitted tr,s of duty during the vear to which
I have leiernsl. the tlrst under tlie new tariff,
was s l.s. while during tho proooding t welve
months, under the old tsriff. the ercentage
was :p. an increas. ot i:i.id p .r cent. If we
take the six monl lis i.iidito Se.,r :H1 1 .l,l..l.
li ' ''overs tin- time during hu h sugars have lieen
admWNsI frs. of duty, the per cent., of vilIiia of
merchainlise importisl free of dutv is found to
l.e r.."..:;;. which s a larger is-rcontngo of fi-e
ituports than during any other fiscal year in the
history ot the govei mneiit..
K we turn to exports of merchandise the
statistics are full of gratification. Tlie value
o such t xjiorts of merchatuiiso for the twelve
months ending Sept. Si. ls!il, was J'.tMJ.mi.lijii.
while f.r the corresKnditir previous twelve
monl l:s it was $.xiH. 1 .'7.1 1.". an iiicreae of
!'l l.ic'l. which is nearly three times the average
annual jucrcasai of exjHirts if merchandise
liurhig any year in the historv of Ihe govern--inent.
The ln-rease in the value of exisirts of
agricultural produi-ts during the year referred
biwver the rorresHindmg twelve montlis of
the prior vear was S-t.VsW.lliT. while the in
crease in the value of exports of manufactured
prodn'cts was s-lii.s:is.-:4ii.
There is certainly nothing in the condition of
trade, foreign or domestic; there is certainlv
Iiothing m the condii ion f.) our peopleofauy
class, to situ-g.-st that existiug tariff and rev
enue legislation Wars oppressively uimn the
pi'ople or Marls the couiiiieri-iiil di nelopment
1 f the naiioii. Ii may Is- nrgned that ourcon
d.tion would b-lK-it-rif .ur tariff legislation
v. ! re upon a ft 0. 1 ra ie basis, hut. if cannot lie
denied t.iat nil the conditions of prosticrity
nun of general contentment are present in a
larger degree liian ever ls-fore in our historv,
and that. P si. just when it was prophesied
thev would Is. hi the worst state. Agitation
1 .r radical changis; in tariff and financial hv
lslation can id help, but mav soriouslv impede
bis-.ni.ss. to ilie imispcrity of which some de-grei-sot
stability in legislation is essential.
I think that there us. cot.cl.tsii M,-i.iun,o
that the new tat iff has created several gr.at
industries which y ill, within a few years, give
employ iiu-ni to several hundred' thousand
American workingnien and women. In view
of the somewhat over-crowded condition of the
labor market of the United Mates, every pat ri
01 it- riiizen should rejoice at such a result.
The liirliae of Mlver.
Thero)iort of the secretary of tho treasury
thowj that the total receipts of the government
from all sources for thp fiscal vear ending June
:. lss. wcre!-l..5t4.Ci 'i:t. while the exditures
ior the same period wore s4"l.;.47ii. Hi. leaving
B surplus of 5si..:SS.:c;.-.T. The reis.ipts of the
iiscal vear end'. ig .Imie ;ci. 1M n,n.. 1 u..,l Mti.
eiMHieu :irc s,k,,im,.imi. and thi
e-i.iinii.nin. t-or the fiscal
wl. JSIi. tlii, c. .stimat.ld l-.s-eillts urM iV. -ci -l-Ji
iiud tiie exieniliturea 4l.:l.(iti.. Under the
law of .Inly 1 1. lMii, thesei-n-tarv of the treasury
lias purchased since Aug. l: during the rlwal
year 4.:M.Ul;i ounces of silver bullion at an av
erage cut of tl.nUi per ounce. The highest
price, piod during the year was (l.-Jt. and the
lowest 9i .'.W: lu exchange lor this silver bul
la :i nave Imsmi issmii S"iil,.,r.4'. of the treasury
1 oi..authori:'.ed by the act. Tlie lowest prii-e
ot silver roiff-lied during the fiscal vear was
f- '-.! on April lsjtl, but on Nov. I the mar
Kol iiriis. w its only S.t'Mi. ul.w.li ,f,,1h ...
entire cost Wpr foliar a bullion value of :Pa cents,
diort si-rnw ! , uf',,"r!'no"-'tlueuceof the pros lective silver
0 siH-retary f':ihit'on was felt in the market silver was
. , 111 1. e n 1 orn aiMiin u.,n M-r ounce. The
; ablest advocates of free coinagi" in the last
cougi-cw. were m-ist conhdent in their predic
tion that the purchases by the government
required by the law would at once bring the
price of silver torl.ai jcr ounce, which would
make the bullion value of a dollar Hill cents and
hold it there. The prophecies of the anti-silver
i k .'.V.. l"i"'stt"'H u' r",llt from tl,e coinage of
! S-,uii.iM) jer muuth were not wider ot the
Imports Kxceeded Kxporta.
The friends of free silver are not agreed. 1
think, us to the cause that brought thoir hor
lul predictious to naught, home facts are
known, lue exporu of uUver from London to
year ending June
India during the first nine months of this
ralendar year fell off over Sn pcr'cent.or $17 SB .
;:). comiJ-ired with the sau- months of the
preceediuir vir. The exis.ru of domestic sil
ver bullion om this country, which had aver
aged for the last ten years over $i;,tMi. fell
in the Lest flwral year to f 1:I.T07,:1
while, for the first time in recent vears. the
imports of silver into this country excoedisl the
exjwrts by the sum of i.T4.V.A. In the pre
vious year the net exports of silver from the
Unitod States amounted to $s..yi.)..-.-. The jiro
duction of the United States increased from
60,mm,i)i) ounces in lssfi t .vt imi.nxi in Issm. The
COVeiTiment is nou. l,..,-l,,.. .,,,,1 n.,.i -...1..
annunllv al.um.om mm. k., i, niio,! f..
7.I40.IHHI ouncs of new bullion nsert in tha
1'-i4i "i" m,,rB tha" our domestic proiluct
..o.,.,..- lt,r i-oinage. i noiie mat tin-Oopr.-s-sion
m the orii-e of siH-. i- .u ii,n...,nn- ,..i
that a further trial of this legislation will more
favorably affect it. 1 liat the increased volume
of currency thus supplied for the use of the
people was needed, and that iHWcticial results
upon traue anil jin.-es have followed tliis legis
lation I think must lw very clear to every one-
nor should it 1. ft If. ri kit tin (liut fnf oi-oei- . I. .1
lar of tlitwie not issued a full dollar's worth of
silver bullion is at the time deposited in the
u eaaury as a security for its redeinptiou.
Let -Xitlng; l.iiw Itn Tried.
Upon this subi.v.t. aq lllsin the t.-irilT rtw im.
ominendatinn is that the existing laws lie given
a full trial and that our business interests w,
spared the distressing influence which threats
oi raoicaj ciianges al wa vs imjiart. I nder ex
isting legislation it is in the power of the treas
ury department to tnaintaii. tho a..i,tiul ,s..
dition of natio'-.al finaiii!e as well as of commer
cial prosperity the party- in use of tho coin
dollars and their nailer representatives. Tin.
assiiranco that th.-se powers would Is? fns.lv
umn-siiarin.s-iy nseu nas clone mucii to pro-diu-e
and sustain thepresi-nt favorable busi
ness conditions. I am still of the opinion that
too coinage or silver imcier existing condi
tions would disastrously aff"-t our business in
terests at home and abroad. We could not
nope to maintain an cmalitv m the pur
chasing power of the gold and silver
dollar in our own marjtets, and in
foreign trade the stamp gives no
au'iisi value to the bullion contained m coins.
Tho prodni-ers of the countrv. its farmers and
laborer, have the highest interest that everv
oollnr. pajx-r or coin, issuisi by th" government
-into iK-as goouasany other. Jf there is on.
less valuable than another its sure and
Hant errand will lie to pav them for th"ir toil
and for their crops. The motiev lender will
protect himself bv stioilbitiiwr t'ol- onvmetit in
r'old, but the lalKirer has never lss-n able to do
hat. To place business ufion a silver basis
viouiu mean a sunit'-n and s 'vere contraction ot
the currency by the withdrawal ot gold and
gold iiot.sj. and stich an unsettling of all values
as would produce a commercial panic 1 cau
i.oi is-uvve mat a isvipie so strong ami prosper
ous as our will dminote such a iHilicy.
neqnii-ed bv Ibe lluslness Vortd.
The producers of s;l-er are entitle ! to just
consideration, but thev should not lore-et t cit
the government is now buying and putting out
of the market what is the equivalent of the en
tire product of . ,tr silver mines. This is more
than they themselves thought of asking two
years ago. i neiieve it is the earnest desire of
a great niajoriry of the people, as it is mine,
that a full coin .ise shall be inaile of silver just
as soon as uii' co-operation ol other nations ran
lie sis-tired and a ratio fixed that will give
circulation equally to gold and silver. The
business oi the world requires the use of lmth
meiais: nut i no not sis any pr.w;oot ot gam.
but mtlch of loss bv civin.r tin lit,. iiris.,nt sys
tem, in which a full use is made of gold anil a
large use of silver, for one in which silver alone
will circulate. Such an event would lie at om-e
fatal to tho further prog.-ess ot the silver
movement. Bi metallism is the desired eniL
ami the true friends of silver will U careful not
to overrun the goal and bring in silver mono
metallism with its necessary attendants, the
toss oi o ir goiu j. r.urope and the relief ot the
pressure there for a larger currency. 1 have
endeavored by the us' of official anil unofficial
agencies to keep a closeohservationof the state
ot public sentiment in Kurojie upon Ibis ques
tion, and have not found it to he such as to jus
tify me in prosing an international confer
etie. There is, however. I am sun, a growing
sentiment in Knrope in favor of a larp-r use of
silver, and I know of no more effectual way of
pi-i. moling this sentiment t ban by accumulat
ing gold here. A scarcity of gold' in the Kuro-p-an
trscrves will lie the most ls'tsuasive argu
ment for the use of silver.
The Treasury Surplus.
The exports of gold to 1'uroiie. which liegan
in February last and continued" until the ciose
of July, aggregated oveiys.venty millions of dol
lars. The net loss of gold during the fiscal vear
was nearly $rts..i.ii. That no serious mone
tary disturlwiice resulted was mst gratifying
and gave to Kurojs fresh evi.icn .f' the
strength and stability of our financial institu
tions. With the movement of crops, the out
flow of gold was siHsslilv stopped, anil a return
set in. Up to Ilis-. 1 we had recovered of our
goiu lost at t lie port or ew orK s.vt.un '. and
it is confidently believed that during the winter
and siH-ing this aggregate will In- steadily and
largely iucreasi. The pnswmce of a large cash
surplus in the treasury has for many years lsn
the Hubjis-t of mu.-h unfavorable criticism and
has fiirnishisi an argument t those who have
diired to place the tariff usm a purely rev
enue basis. It was agreed by ail that the
withdrawal from circulation of so large an
amount of money was an embarra-ssuu-nt to
the business ot the eouuiry and made neces
sary the intervention of the i!-p.i- ment at fre
quent intervals to relieve thn atoms! mone
tary panics. The surplus on March 1, lssri, WMs
ls,i.etr;.l!i.i". ThejH.hcy of aiunying this sur
plus to ihe redrm. lion of the mterivt-lsiariiic
sisrurities of th Unitetl Sialics was tbought to
be pi-eferable to that of d-sisiting it without
interest in selected nations! banks. There
havelieon rede med since the dale List men
tioned of im crest ls-aring s.s.iiritiesgwVi.iir'.l.itvi,
resulting in a reduction of the annual interest
charge of 511.1M.C1. The money which had
lssn deposited in banks without interest has
lieen gradually ithdrawu and usisl in the rc
dcmtilion of ts.nds.
The result of this policy, of the silver legisla
tion and of the refunding of the fiv p.r cent
bonds has lssn .1 large incroaso of t he money
in circulation. At the date last namisl, the cir
culation was 1.4o4.2uYstiii. or $.ti js-r capita,
while on the first day of IHs-emls-r. lsiq. it had
iitcreasod to l."T7.x1s.MiTn. or Si'4.:tS jsr capita.
Tli" offer of the secretary of the treasury to
tlie holders of the 4' per cent bonds to extend
the time of redemption, at the option of the
goveniment. i.t an interest of lsr cent was
accepted by the holilers of alsmt one-half the
amount and the unextendisl Imndsare licing
redeemed on presentation.
INDIANS AS SOLDIERS.
Tha Seven Companies Already Organized
The report of the secretary of war exhibit
the results of an intelligent." progressive and
business like administration of a department
which has lss'U too much regarded as one of
mere routine. The setiaration of Secretary-IriK-tor
from the dejiartment bv reason of his
apiKiint ment as a senator from the stare of Ver
mont, is a sour.-e of great regret to me and to
his collc;igno8 in the cabinet, as I am sure that
it will ! to all those who have had business
with the department while under his charge.
In the admiuist.-ation of army affairs some es
pecially good work has lsen acisimniislusl The
efforts of the secretary to redi!.- the icrcent
age of desertions by removing the causes that
promoted it have bensosu-cessful as to liable
him to reiiort for the last year a lower ts-r-
mtage of desertion than has Iss-n liefore
reai-lnsl in the history of the armv. The result
ing money saving is considerable, but the 1
improvement in the morale of the enlisted men
ts the most valuable incident of the reforms
which have brought alsmt this result. The
Workof securim? sites for shore b:itrt-rieB for
harlxir defense and tlie niaiiufaetureor mortars
and guns of high power tooqtiip !hiu has made
good progress during tne year. The prelimin
ary work of tests and plans which so long d
layed a stall is now out of th.' ay. Sime guns
have lsHn complettsi. and with an enlarg.il
shop and a more complete cqnipinont at Water
yliet. the army will soon Is- abr. :.s; of the navy
in gun constr-ictiou. Whatever unavoidable
causes or delay may arise there should be none
from dolayej and insufficient appropriations.
We shall lie greatly cmliai-rassjMl in tue pres-r
distribution and use of naval vessels until
adequate shore dclensos ate piovi.ird tor our
Making Soldiers nf Indians.
I concur in the recommendation of the secre
tary that the-thris-liattalions organization lie
adopted for the infantry. The adoption of a
smokeless iiowder and of a modern rifle equal
iu range, precision and rapidity of lire to tile
liest now m use. will. I h(qs, tint lie longer de
layed. The project of enlisting Indians and or
ganizing them into separate companies ujs.n
the same basis as other soldiers was made the
subject of very careful study by the secretary,
and received my approval. Seven companies
have lieen completely organizisl and seven
more are in procw of organization. The re
sults of six months" training have more than
realised tho highi-st anticipations.. The men
are readily brought under discipline, acquire
the drill with facility and show great pride in
the right discharge of their duties and icrfect
loyalt y to their officers, who declare that they
would take them into action with eonftdom-c.
The discipline. nlor and cleanliness of tho
military jsists will have a wholesome and ele
vating iutlueuce upon the meu enlisted, and
through them upon their tribes, while a more
friendly feeling for the whites and a greatei
rosiect for the government will certainly be
The great work done in the record and Jen
non division of the war department bv Jlaj.
Ainswortu. ,,f (,,,
!" him. is' I ;r; !. '
Jah .n-- -.n. ti... ..
i . -in- V. III
ill IU heclose,! ,i . . .n-arlv
t d tin. ,
--. in, cios.,,1 .(,.. , n.-arh- .. 1 ' ,
volvin onh- 'e.' r1-'1' "I i-.-i;,.,""llav,
si to the L i :"'1 '"llUis.,.,., . ,'" '-MS
!--'i. hay., ij; , ; .
ment . .. '!"; V"l '
..... - '.-Hie.
"p. io ;,,', ; t....,.;
-in . ,..t
The act ..l i,,i..
it l.-Vu JP ""' I h'sti
.,o. .. "''"r" !"l"-rat,y
StdUtionisyet-y ,,..- ''V '"'
saved from ..-,,r- .Tn V.' M. ;"'v -iuHiiencs
and'i, , ?f,,v ","
rur-oi.i i ... . i Jinis ,,i s.. .
- - ....... , , ,,
. , nsi, ....
n.e e,,f s" ''" '"-';.....
enforcr-nient ),v ,,
t hin.-s-toti,.. init'isi;,,,: B,' "
O.SU. UasSeek ,,, ,.,
our ji.,rts. Ti. r,.., . ';
Tovess..is rnterim; Ul ,,Ms,' ."
bia. wn-n.-e pass-it- im , , "
oliseure p.ints along !. , . .""
easv. A verv e,,n.;,i,., .1 ,nl"i""
I lilted State, from I ,,,;-,!, ,' , ''
othcrrsof their. :,-,y ,, , '
part ment of justj... h.u.. ,.'.,.,i
tneir coinin.m.t to up, ( , .-., ti '1
but the imp.s, .Hit v ,, ;,
--a i.-Tio.-o iroi:T,,-ri.
every Chinam.-i i em. vj;
rives a coiisi.ieral.le .-,
only use its iKirts to i-,.,
tag., to evad' our ey.-ln
to be satista.-terv evi.l. i
passing ( inmiaien th
.... ! Mal-s is ni-gam, , :i ',' .
Ill- d....u-tincnt of ju-t!... b-, ., ,
laws to rcpiir.. the mm., ,.r ,,'
found to 1. unlawfully- in thi. ,',, ,,
as thc.-ouiitrv ti-oni il ) ,. , ','
standing the fa.-t il,,,t ) :',
t anada. but several of tl. , i . , ,.
in cas.-s brought lielor.. th,..,, , ,,,
view of the law and d...--d...l ti, '
musr Is-i-eturn'..i to I aril, ;,,
This .-oust ruction r.,i ,
lVetj. Ss. even ii the de.-re.
for tin- men returned ran th i . ,
our Ixir.ler. Hut the only (.', , ; ,
for Sending tii.nii iia. k to ri! , .
dian o'i.-ii,l, r.-l u to a. I, "t'i,' '.'
'at.ada ithoul I h" p:i in.-.;l .,1,1,,
tax. I r,-omm.-nd ,'i-n i,., . c-,,.,
remedy thrse ,1 ,l,s-t. in th," 1., .
Nolalilr li-snlt, .,1M,
In the previous m-s-ag... 1 h n, , ,
telitioit of congress to i. n,,',.J..
tending the jurisdiction ,,f ;i, i
courts as to make triai. !. t ,,
coinmitti-d while ininr a, t ,,i
Of the Ulliled Stales. Tic -.- , .','
have that ind-iH-iidencranil , il, ,.. , ..
the constitution roiiiempl.ii.., - , ,.
felonious killing of high .-.mr ,,-! ,,
and witnesses in the uisciiaig-. ,,i p
or 1- reason of their urt,- - i, I
niz ilile in the state court, I i ',
theatloruey g.-ni-rai and oti,.-i -:.
department. even im.li rtliepr.
legislation, has pr.sln.-il s,,,,,, .
m the luteuM of law and or,). )
gMieral and ais.i t. e,,mnii-.i,,:(. f
t rict of C,ilumbia call attention t..
ivencss and inadequacy of the 1 r.v.
crimes against t-nasiitvin i!,.-i.-lumbia.
A stringent .ode nr.i, .
lias Iss-n provided b . , ,ngr, i,,r I
is a matter of sin pri,e that th-. i.
district should have I n ,
. . . . Tr.wJ
I IIukI to
The Coiisrientioiis llesire of
Improve tit. Scivi-f
In til.'" report of t'i" po,nis-.-r t
vei y graiitvinc result, ai-e ..iiil,.t.
lietterment ol th, t i,-t. suggest,
sal of the rejiort gives a'.iln l.un ...
the suisirviston and .'rte. ti-,n -t h
teni have Ims-u ch.-ira. tei ie.i 1 ;c
and i-ons.-icnfioiis o.-sire to mt;-t ,,
The r'.'UUes ot the .iepavuie lit -
crease of over s.iiti'.nti y. h:;,-ih,- ,
the year Is'..!., how, a ,u i pin, ,,t v
oxiH't-ditui-os. i i,-.-an nri.l p,.,:.,:',, .
established upon the st.-nni.-r, ,,f
Herman. I.loyd and li.i.n'"ii ; hn,
the dislnbuiton ...i ,!iipli,,.,r,i. n
f.un-tis'n hour- tint.' in !h-.i. iiv. rv
tin- iri of entry and ef:-n nri-It
this in f delivery at interior p' r -ouglllv
has this system, m-.ti.v.-l 1
and the Unit.'d :at.-. eii-i.e.i
fulness that it .an not 1
liefore it is install'.! ir
the great .-van mail .ai t yj.g .cn-l
Kiglit thousand mile, of ncv p -tai -.rvi
have Iss.n esiahlislied upon r.iilro.rU. ;h-
distriliution to sul.-st.irioi:, in lhr grne ,
has iM'i'ii iurri-.-i-.l a!...ul 1 '- per .-. M. v. 1:1 :
jtercent.ige of errors in i i,i ri r.--"i, h.is.,i
ing the past year, lavi! rc'i-,:c.,l c . : e;.. -i"..i
I-Hl...'illl'nts in I'ree Ileliverv.
An approTiriat ion wasgicn by th, ia-t
press forthe jiurjHis.. of musing setii" . p
mi'iits in free delivery in smail i;v. u
toyvtls. The results of llii..' c:vrin,. Ilts Uo
bt-cn so satisfartorv thatliie l.clniH.t.r ir r.
cral recommends, and I concur in iia rro
inendat ion, that the free drliverv .;,.iraii
oiu-e extended to towns ot .". i .,-.; i,'.ui
His ilisciis-ion of the inailc.'inalr fa, ii:Ta -tcnde.l
under our i.rcrnt ,y,Tem .c l iri
munities. and his suggestions, yvi'li a vi-yvni
givellusc cominuni: ic a Hilar pari i. ;pn: i-m
ill the lietichts of the po.ta! setvi, . un
worthy of your careful consi, let alien.
It is' not" just that the farm"' -who re-viv,
his mail at a neighlioring t 'wi:. ,1;. n'.'i ii
OtllV 1,' COlllil.'ll.si to solid t-l Til-' p--T e,'.'i
it but to pay a considerabl" rent r a b :
which to jilace if or wait his turn at a g-'ii-T
delivery windoyv. while th. city resi.l.-ni 1,;
,il l,.i,,.lit to bis d.y.r It is stated 'll.it
54.ii neighiNirhrxMls .ni nn.l.-r th.- pr
tetri Tsss-iyine mnil at iswit ottices y ii.
orders and postal notes arc not -.ss;;,-,l. Tii
nTsw, of tliis system to these . ri'in
Mi.i-.lli- desirsl.le jis the nuTroll- "t 'i ll
office are Lot t-issessi-d of the ..-!' r : i-i..:
offered in more pulous coui-tiiuiit:, s j..r t
transniissiou ot small sums ot in- i.- y i
in a message to til" proceed:!:,-
press"! my vi'-yvs as to a n!-d: ;';'' I i ' '' '
telegraj.h in connection yy-ith th.- j. t: : - :
Ocean Mail Service.
In pursuance of tin- o-.-:n ivaii 1 m
3. KM. and after a most .ar.-f.il st
whole sr.. i-.-i-t. and lre,iue:-.t . ..tt.
ship owiicrs. I. i.inlsof trade andoth
t-seineUls WCtV lSsu.sl py tli. . .,.
oral tor fiftv three lines of ...v,.'i :n.i
ten toCi-cat nr-.taian and tin- tit.-i
urnn t.. .ss.llth America: tin
Japan: four to Australia and the I'ir ,
seven to tne vyesi inuies: a-m ,
It was not. of coin's.-, cxp.-. I --i 1--is
lines would !' riss-.y. il or th t -: . , '
them all would 1 litra, t. .l !... . I:
tendisl. in furtherain t the ;,.'T. t,, ,- :i
manv new lines as possible, yv l.i,- itc'i'iciig
flw, list in.wst or all til- foreign llM''- I'
T.i.st bv American ship,. It yy.el
line toKngland and is-iiiaps one t" tn.
,., . . l . 1 l .' a
Ueilt WOUlU IS- --s-lliasi. on. t ,
to equip such lines wholly -with i.-w ,-,H-P ;
the lirst class and the difh.-ulty :
new lines in coiniH-titioii with th 1 T, , 's
l-Slrt OIISII.--1 0.-...-I J . - " "
Iss-n enlisted. It is hoi-l that a a'
vet found oven-oming tn.' ditr.cii.t
llra.il Steamship I 'onipany. by reason
calculation as to the sj.ssl of it vessel
able to l id under tin- terms of the ,
ment. The f-.h- y of the . -pal tn t
s.s-iire from 111-c-tabiished ln.es an ii..,-.
se.rvi.-e as a ci.ditn.n ol giving, to
Ivenents of the law. Thisii.aiiin-t.it..----been
attaii ed. .... . nr.
Tlie tsst master general i-nnw.
exia-nditure in American ship yar
ten millions of uoiiars win ,'' ,,1 ; .
. rl... I.nl.lers to .'oils if...
for by- the service which th-y hav
1 do not think there is any- reason
courageineiit or for anv turning ba- s
. " . ..... 1 .'...Mnll llHlS"i 11
poncv oi yuis i.-i;.,.-.. - ..,1,1..:;-
ginniiig has Iss-n mai-. an 1 .;'- .'.J,.,,,.
Ts tiu-tilcr considered and und.-rst..- 'V ;,
talists and sliippimf l-"l''"- '" . m:
ready to m-s-t future priiise,: .Is . ei ;
data from the passage "I tin- law " ;,'.;,! ,w,n-
'wrx iiiirSn";;' Su- -..:
",.."'.. ,...r r-eivil.lg tor t"l-!." I
-vorio. -"-.-'-, .C,.., ...l..r
liearlv J wo millions .Hr,-i
'....... ..,..1 in e outlay I or .-.all ..,
svsi.-.u - ..,,,,m It 1
did not i X'-issi -s..... ', , ,),.,, iialitno
mat.sl by the .m-aster g-,,.- .d H -t. i vi;
contarcts prP'sed arc coin '':,, t tho
quire 5--ii. -- iw -' i ,,,! .nil i
ai.pi-opnatioii for s-a '' " Uf r,
l in tl.u nslonates and t!"' ' ' .
Iiscal y-ar. ending
.-,..,1,1 orotiuhlv be hi-
" ... .i..
lur - Mr . , navf
a in --
'il 1. -',. in-'"
- -... ,rtf or t ie
The report or t ie sera . - j ve,
ihows a gratifyins mcrva-c ol ne v u