Newspaper Page Text
THEGUS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1891.
rf ' ;..-i.ift
i: .-i-vion. Tin Newark. Concord,
: t .Viuutonoinoli have been add-
ar, anil an ngifivgHfe or some-
. mure u.:i" n.'-" . .. . ... . -.im
,t: Mm of nil flu-"'. lire now mirier con-
. navy yams auu privme ano'is.
. lull I' " U1'H MM 'N - F.'"". ij -
-..n- j .li .. . rrduir,, about a.
;!s;:r " s..i f the "vessels now nnii.-r
is U-iieveil, will la triumphs of
nun it is recollected
H .i . ."..i I i't I. iiil'linu u modern iwvy u
: : :.,, iii tin' year lKi. I lint our navitl
mis ami stlipliuiiuers i'n' prnn lcnny
it olll l 1 I" "I 1 ""l- '' i .- .
, , -i.i i .-!:ili. that our eugiue Hltops v..ro
' ? -ml ir w i''1 -'H'Ht murine engines, ami
11 ""'i t!i, '' iiiiiiinfii' -tiiro of steel fortune for
V, .-li.': plates was iilmost it foretell iniiustry
t";r, ' ',',.,,.s il.:ii leeii iniulo is not only
' i' v :ill i' hut furnish,- the usn.ur-
" -"t 1 1 it lli'' I " ii States -ill tvefore long
I i - rolislrurtion of sueh vessels,
...i t ii-;.!ies anil nriuMinetits, the sumo
vliieli it Httniiutt v hen the best
' "friiiri ,,, ,,,i eoiiuneree whs t lie clipjier
"l" ,u.,i !' ""1 impnsMve exhibit of naval
' '' ',- I r wo.sli'11 lliree-ileeker lnnn-of-
linn shop at Washington.
r:,.. ..li.'-T-K i.f ft- tiavy and the proprietors,
- p. "t our trri'iit private kuojis have
. .VTi.i w i'li wotulerf ul int'Higeii'e hih! pro
.:..!'.il :'i' l t" I-"' 'ontlili'sn'o exprssil liy
r.-. t" it1. liU-rul logisliition. Me have now
-,.i::i,'Vri a ciin shop orKtinized umlcon-.-.'.ii'n
n.ival i'm'hits. tlmt in its system,
VBt iinxlmt. is unexcelled. xperi
r'i w::. arwi'l I'l.ite have le'ii eoniluetod
vetir with iwint itntMvrtnnt resnlts.
..'i',". '. ( tVi: :i pl.iteof higher rxKLsritiK
v r ! !; i ii an;- it. ttw Ii;ih Imvii fotitnl aii'l thut
.. t, l -.v i'i inoiisxnitetl tlmt eheaiMT
. , u ! tiKi'Hi!;'.' ttire than tbost heretofore
, , "t: !' '!.'' " V"11' favoralilo roi.siileration
,. r ...tM.M-i.u.ittons of tho wti-tary, who
I .. ..r.. - v. n to them the most con
i:-i v. H 1it Hhmilil rs no listta
'.t i 'Utii'letina navy of the miiwt
, :v; !.u rtH'Utrll to eualile this eotlli
, - ' it t-ii in nil seas for the protoe
., , ; r- ' ' "iis;i!Ml its extending imiiier-e.
. v. ; i t,M as.nranre of the jieaivful
r; .,; ;!' ln!til States, but we liall
' , 1 ii tin' tuturc more largely a eom-
': tinner v of the world, ami It in
i. ;!. ilijniry of this tuition and to
, ,, . i, . fi. ;.f'ieii.-e whieh it should exercise
i -ir -:!:''( that its nuvy should lie
,, i-.. :li a nil tho shonjsot the Atlantic
a-, i '
THE INTERIOR DEPARTMENT.
tlnrii iii ih" Hiireau of Indian Affitira Is
olt file InrreHsc.
r . .. , f the sreretary of the hiterinr
i - j ' a v.'i'v (rratif vine j'nirress has lieen
-:, ': ,.f the bureau whieh nuke up that
t irrni 'iit. The work in the bureau of
!! .. .!. :'::: perhaps never so lariro hh
-.x 'v r- ii'::i't the liumerous negotiations
r... : ti proeomitna; with the tritie" for
..-.i- ii : the rewTvatmiw, with the inei-
.r- r : e akitii.'allotments. and was never
ri--::!ly ruiiiliii'tisl. Tiie provision ,f
- ' 1 fae.hties for Indian children
;.. i" 1 1 : r r ir of adult IndtattH nsin farms
s. I'ltioti of the '"Indian question."
' ho i:,ti. us. HiinuitioH and trilml
:r - s v.-tth the aireutH. instieetor ami
who distribute and eonduet
-;iss i.wuy when tne Indian has N?
i :.. s.i ur.' in the individual owner
: ,, t ,vn from whieh he derives his u!t-
t.v I s i,i, lal,r. protei ted by and
: ii t!. raws whieh irovein tho'whito
, . ; v i i! I iv the treneral yiivernment
:' '"imniiitieR in which ho lives
i - of i-divHtim; his children.
.:. i:. :.(!. U onni.'s a citien in an ortrnu-
. -rt itorv hi relation to the general
;. p ' ' iso-mi a irreiif nieasiin to be that
, . i t!f )i -iioral irovenmieiit ounht
' I-ut tipon the state or territory
: ::'o laitieation of bis children.
I i noli oi I ml inn Children.
i t .v thought that the jtovemment
. i a . A iiit'lilinirs upon the reserva
1 alwirtsMl by the w-hool systems
- rerntorii-s: but. as it luis lvti
: ' .i.-. to ;:roTs-t h Indian against
'! . i 'lii :it:nn nf his land bv ex
. in. ii tiiA.uwu for a period of
...r. it would tvsMn to be riitlit
. k'overnnietit. certainly where
."mm in its possession, should
' o.,; tund of the state what would
... . . : i the (n al M-lusil tax hjioii the
i Indian. It will lie noticed from
' 'i iiiiiiissioner of Indian af-
iV- oii. contracts have Ins'ii
: 'i:.t: : t sol,, m,s for the education of
' i- Ti.orc is jrreat advaiitue. I
: . -inir the Indian children into
- .- '! his process w ill Vie trradual.
uifitr.e the present I'dueational
' ' iincet'ients, the result of the
' "' 'f tiiise who have lieen
. . ":, r.-os". should lie ionrinmsl.
i : rlios. religious lsMli that
ti'" work of Indian eiluca-
i.-li i-al and w ith results so re
.: . . I i-i,i 'ioont to place their ilistitll-
:. ii ..;id useful retetiotM t the Indian
- ' i. To leMlilwirs.
: "-'; vr .a s the Siotix iroiiably had
. - o' , o,n.laiitt. bnt their latest oiit
. .o ..icsoi by the nieltciuc men who
oaiimr of the Messiah. A special
,:. .out to i-otiv;resK relating ti the
hi kasaw aipi opnations.
u. mi -a of the Oklahoma lands
-' i il-abllity to -ils'ti af the same
its !.- nds of the ( heyenlie and
--v ario:i. Tile pr--idi-llt lielioves
. a in rotation of the Iitdiau and
s.it. s vii; tak-e piaci- Is'tore lon.
'i' . !--'a. -r t. .! 4i ai'n-H have l-oii
.'' '' ;: lo.ocvatious uud added to thu
sieall (-la'm H..I.I-.H.
' .'s a.lt:iiiit rat ion a serial efTort
ie-.tit: up the work of the treneral
nil. fill work t he aiTearainn
i i! :'i'v r (tins'il. At the end of the
' it only si.i;- hital agricultural
ei.'il undi..posHl of. and the com.
: ' ""ts that, with the present force.
e. ', " lnlly brought up by the end of
ar. Voiir attention is called
.v pn-seiiteti by the wcrotnrv of
a to ; ii. ailminist ration of the law
:- "'. i sfaliusluiiif a iniirt of pr ivate
': tlo "lilall holdittus intelHleil to Ik
' i' l.-v.-aio isironatit to be inure
. "tisan.i in uuKilM-r. The i-l.-cin-i
.. .-wiiii' class and their tiMin
tit" stroll.test nplitos. The
- o.i the fact that the lands
'':oiy siiryoved accordiny ti our
t.i holiimtrs. uiany of which
i'i too jiii.i family for ircnerations.
ia I out in narrow strips a few risls
'"an! and running; back to tho
; .i-.irao ami tiinlKT. Provisions
'' ' '' ' 1 tir nuiiilsrintf tin's' tracts as
"' ' itoniiiK- them by snch uiimliurH
i . t,..-ni i. to sts-tion lines,
lie- I'i-iij nn ltur'MU.
io-tratton of the pension bureau has
a 'rizeil during the year ly great
! total tiuuilier of MiiHiuner.t
n tin- .thdnvof June, Mil. was
'"!' wore allowed during the fs'-al
i'-' i' toat time "i'lO a i-iLst..s. of this
'-' o. were alio will uuiier the law of
Tlio issuinir of cert ideates ha
" ; at the rate of alsmt :i.imi jkt
--u ::, per ciut. of thsii Insnu cafe's
i."v law. The coniniissiouer ex
"' I nioii that he will he nble to ran-
' and allow avi.mi claim.s ilui iiiir
' i so., year. Hie appropriation for
""j lsti'Mons for tho fiscal year
i'.i ,-.tli. leaving an unexismiled
!' i'-'.1V1.ii. The commissioner is
in tii.it thero will lie no call this
:iei.-ncy .iijiriiiriatiini. notwith
rapidity with which the work is
'! Tiie mistake which has lieen
in their oxajjirerated estimates
,i . ' i'','ns:ons is in not t-akiiiK account
:v'."J ""-i,'l value of first jiayment.
';" ''". it li;.islatioii. These luiyment
!l,,rai law have lieen for many
i. ' -"" iw the pensions when allowed
tune f Mini the claim, and
iii s.. cialuu had been pending for
..'-ii.itr fp , FP.B Year.
(' r-t ! iyi,.ntH mifof tho law of June,
" "' "ly small, and. as tho per cent.
.:... "'teases anil that of the old rases
'e.atinual ainrri-irate of first pav
''v. "'' risiiuisi. The commissioner,
"'iii-ii..? . N,"v,,uihi;r i:i. furnished me with
'H..O..J , J oiS le mvil lilui IllOllllllf
fa! Jlr: "J.wero issued, LT,ft under the
in. mi.ier the act or June 17.
m -.1 ""file- first pavment during these
Htm. " while thnaveraKP first
s l.ii. J, , , """"' luriuif tho year
u,.. , ;. ' 1 '); was iS nisi, teinir a reduet-
" V. :,,
' lis,, .
!?rst pavnients iluriiiMT these
1'ii.is. The estimate for pen
t' for the fiscal year endinir
sn. ,,. .1' "1I.-"i'1.ii. which, after a care
"'. "'' "r 'he subject, the coir m Ls
I:,!,'.'"" ' l"'ou will Is. rnifliekmt. While
..'. " ''''"'"tothedLsabli-d soldiers f
j, '" .ir an larute, they do not re:
'i ;-V--rtl estimates of those who
'''.i '.''''"ent lcsrisiatiun. Tile seen.
f -ii ' "' '.'ir shows with ereat fiillmsis
.ji '" taken to pt lu,U Irn.l.iloi.t
"'e kTatifviuif f a -t tliat !.
'"r-i,',!" 1 !ensioris are gfinit are
r,i,e"' r,'i. ut slight, but aulistantial
nf 1.....0. .....
omuuiKJuer oi riviiroaua
Issl approaching tm'it ? w , n 'i de ,'t,,: n"w
l.rovision for , y ." . L
o..li.. with thileot n view t i" ? m
larae a iVs v 1' tT" ' '"'P-'l'!-. lor so
m'SUJrv noJi1 v',u'r" to.smdiictthe
mtesHiry neKoimtions and investiuations
I 'erefore I nri,iraP, th ,t proy ision lina'le
for the anpoimment of a . on nussiui , to "i n
tipjmumi report plan for d,;aii with thte
The ve-li. of tho census 1, tin an is now far in
fnfr"m::: v., T lk "f "" "
Srleni ' ? .' ""M'h'twl. It will be n,re
'"I .iv". "!"n "H "" "iite prcdects--rs.
Ihe methiHls mrsited have lssn fair
anonlvar"' - ""!. "' hve s... unl the
rwl ' h """" "N ho have fol
i tIV 'n r"h " sH,.-,,t ,,r ""' i,rtisau
Lilif. J "V l'lropnati ins ucii.vs;iry to the
iZ voV,,e,,o'tlVn "u1,l.-'u,! "f theanth-.r-
a-sinsJ rf sl,V1.,1,U-. P 'h n time to secure
a must delays which met ens,; the cost and at
tl,leT ",1',!.t,i,',;-,llnV111 H"1" v"'"- "T the work
The condition of the t.-r, itorhn re improv-
.& o,?"v a-:ts- ,,f. l!"11 ttr" '-nineht'itito
f,.t!!i " ? '"l-'ittinif canals. Hut their
Koprrasion of 1 olviramy.
TheWislation of cnni;r.-.s for the repression
of polyKamy has after rs f resistance on
the part of the Mormons, a- last lmnik'tit them
to the conclusion that n-sisian.-o is unprofitable
mid unavailing'. The iw, r of ,tr, over
tins subject should not Is surrendered until
we hay satisfaet.,ry evide hs. that the people
of the state, to Is crenlisl would exorcise thn
exeliisnv s,wer of the star.-over this subject
m the same v.-av. The i,u. tint is not whether
tliese ie.iple now ols'v ih l.n,s of -onffr-s.s
niruinst i.lyi-amy. but rather. would thev make,
enforce, and maintain such laws themselves if
Blwolutely fr.s- to rej-nlat-. the subject- We
can not alford to cxpcnutoi t with this suiij.s-t,
for when a state is once in istitntisl the act is
final and any tnistaks im-t rievable. No cone
pa-t in flu- enabling act cou d in my opinion, be
bindiii; or elTei-tivo.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.
Great Itesults Ali-ei.ily Attnioed by Its Ke
Tf the cstabHshmrnt of -ho dertinent of
airriculture was regarded bj any one as a inre
concession to the enlightened demand of a
worthy class of people, that miinsion has lsen
most ffrea-tunlly n-niovsl by the reat results
alriwly attained. Its home iutl'.iencp has bsn
very )reat in disseminatin ; agricultural and
horticultural informatioti: in stiinulatini; and
directiiiK a further diversifi -Htbut of croi: in
detecting and eradicatinif di-was.-s of domestic
animals, and mon- than all. n the clos.. and in
formal contact which it h is establishisl and
maintained with the tarmets and st-K-k raisrs
of the whole country. Ever-.- nsm.-st for infor
mation has had prompt atreiitmu and every
KUbjis't meritiHl considerati n. The- wiHntitle
coriwof thed-titiitment is o: a hisrh order and
is pushing its investiiration with method and
enthusiasm. The inspection by this department
of cattle and i.rk pnsliu ts intended for ship
ment abroad has lwsn tin Ik sis of the sui'eess
w-hieh has atteudtsl our efforts to s-s-ure the re
moval of the restrictions Maintained bv ihe
fiiHM-rss Attxineil t Last.
For ten ven rs protests and tx'titions nponthi
subject from the packers an I slock rais, rs of
the I'nitisl States have heen diris ied aitainst
those n'strictions which s si'i'ioiisU- liinilci)
our markets ncil curtaihsl t i prolits of tiie
farm. It is a source of l-ciio uI coinrrat illation
that sitccis has at lust Is e i strained, for the
effects of an eiibiru'ed ton-igi market for these
meats will Is- t'elt. not only 1, ihe fanner, but
in our pub ic i.nam-t iiikI ii every bniiicli of
trade. It is purl iculariy f..rt uiiste that the
ini roii-i il ii, , nand tor good p islm ts. resnltin -from
the removal of tiie re rid tons tixni our
meats nud t oin the rei iproi ii inule nrraiiite.
ineiils to which I have rcfi rn-d. should have
come nt a time hen he ai;-i liltuiiil surplus
is si i Inrsre. Withoiit tiie li !i t inn. derived,
lower prices would lis vi- pr. nihil. The sco-r-tsry
of aitriculi tin- isiiti .i.... that the re
strictions upon the importa imi of our jxirk
priHincis into i-.urojs' lo.r us etarket lor S'Jl,
ui,u. yyoiib of these jinsliicis iiuiiiiiilly.
I.arcesf :riiln run-.
Tho trrain croi of this year was the larire-t in
our history. .To s r cent, k'n at-r than that of
last year, and yet the new u at kets thst have
r.s'ii oiK-neil and th. lai-ite leinand r".iilt-iiii;
rrom snort i ros in ..urois h-vc sustained
prices to such an extent tint the o-iorin-nis
surjilus of mi-ats and bn-adst iffs will be mar
keted at (rood priis-s. liviiik'ini. relief mil pros
perity to an industry that w much deprssel.
The value of the grain cro of the I'ni'ed
States is stiuintod bv the s,.. n.farv to Is- this
year S.MiO.imi.uiii more than last: oi meats. Sl"wi.
ioi.iiii iniin-. ami of ali pro u.-ts of tlo firm.
TiBi.iiiRi.ikii iuori-. It is not inappropriate. I
think. Icre to siik-itest that our satisfaction in
the contemplation of thi , nu rvelons addition
to the national wealth is urn lotided by a sus
picion of th. cum'iicy by whii h it is measured,
and in whieh the farmer is pai I for the product
of his fields.
Civil Service Itstrm.
The report of the civil sit --ice commission
should roi-oivo the e.-m'tul an -Mion of the op
loiients as well as th" rrieiids. of this ref:irm.
I he coiiiiuissiou iuvit--sa peisonnl inspeotiou
by senators atfti repri-sontntivi s of its rs-orls
and mctiio-i..: a:nl every in'ret itie will feel that
niicli an cxaiiiiiiatiou should p is-ede judgment
of condemnation, either of t ie system or its
administration. It is not elain ed that either is
perfix t. but I lielieve till law- 1. being execiltisi
with impartiality, and that t ie system is in.
cotupaislilv Is-tte'r anil famr than tiitit of ap
liiiitiiienrs upon favor. I nsi niiiu-nd that th'
spinopriations b- th' civil si ice commission
Ik mniie adciiiate to the increi nil work of the
Hex t li-ca! year.
I The pn-sident iiirain invitis. the attention nf
ronirress to the need if a law iirot-s ting rail
way cm ploy os a. fur as iossi do against the
dangers of tuir occupation. !
Some Sugi-es! l-i'is Tiliule I'p! n Sleih ids of
111 .sine- Tlieni
Th mflisl of apiv.'ntnw'iit 1 y tic states iif
idei-Tors .f c -..il:-!t eitd n-i. p -osid-'iif has re
i ently iittra-'t.' l ren.-wed inter st by reiksoii of
a iciinrtu'( by the state of Mi Ingan from thu
mi'thiHl whtcli iiad lis iinie imiiorm in ull tin)
states and even by the same s ate. In somo
the choice was made bv th legislature, in
others cits-tors were chosen by ilistnets. but
more generally by the voters of the whole state
upon a general ticket. Th" movement toward
the adoption of tin- last named method had an
ffarly Is-giniiing und went steadily forward
among the states, until in s:t; there remained
but a single state. South t'arolii a. that had not
adopted it. That state, until the civil war.
oiitimied to choose its elis'tor iy a vote of the
legislature, but ufter the war changed itsim'th
ml and conformed to tin- practin; of the other
states. For nearly sixty year ull the stabis
save one have apiointd the! elis-tors by a
mpulsr vote tiKiti a general "ieket. anl lor
nearly thirty years this metinsl was univers;d.
After a full tf-sf of other methods, without im
portant division nr dissent in any state and
without any purp ol tarty iMivantag. as we
must Is'hcve. but solely ntmii the considera
tionsthat uniformity was dcsirnble and that a
jjen-.ral election in torritonal fii' isions not aub
jt to change was most cons: -tent with the
sipular character of our institir ions. Iiest pre
served tho .sjuality of the voter-, and perbs'tly
removed th. choice of pniddeiit. "nun the Iraiie
ful iiirluenci. of the gerry-mauiier," the jira
tieo of all the states was bnn ght into har
mony. Minority Itnle lOslsh! isbed.
That this concurrence should low Is broken
is. I think, an unfortunate aim even tlm-at-ening
episisie and one that may well suggest
whether states that still give th 'ir approval to
the old and prevailing method ivight not to se
cure, by a constitutional utitmi'tt liuent. a prac
tice which has the approval of 'a 1. The recent
Michigan legislation providi-s for choosinc
what an popularly known as tin concnssiotml
electors for president by su:igression:tl dis.
tricts. and two senatorial 'elsto "a bydistrh-ts
ireated for that purjxise. This 1 gislaiion was,
of coume. nccompamisi by a new congressional
apportionment and the two statutes bniig the
electoral vote of the state under the influence
of the "gerrymander." These ierrynuuidi;ni
for congressional pnrpoHes are n must oases
buttressinl by a gerrymander of tho legislative
dictricts. thus making it impossiiile for a ma
jority of the legal voters of the slate to correct
thi: apiNirtiotiment and equalize the congres
sional districts. A minority rule is established
that only a political convulsion c.n overthntw.
1 have recently been advised that in one
county of a certain state three di -trictu for the
election of members f the legislnture are con
tituted as follows: One has (m, "0 population,
one 1-V. and one 111.!"1, while in another
county detached non-contiguous t-ections have
Is-cn united to make a legislative district.
These li.ethods have already fo md effective
application to the choice of senntt rs and repre
sentatives in congress, and now an evil start
lias been made in the direction of applying them
to the choice i y the states of clc tors ol presi
dent and vice-president.
WIlHt nn Dleclioii Iiepllea
If this is accinnplishitl we shall t hen have the
three grest departments of the g ivcriiiiient in
grasp of the'gi'rryiruindcr," fhel gi.slullve and
executive directly and tho judicii ry indins-tly
through the power of app iiiitim nt. An elis--tion
implies a body of electors hay ing prescril
td uuaiitication, each one of whom has an equal
vnlue and influence in detenninirig the result.
Bo when th.; constitution provides that '
ist ate shall appoint elertl in sail manner as
the legislature ther.vif may direct, a nuinlier of
electors, etc.. an, imrif trii-tisi jsiwer was not
giveutiithe legislatur.-s in the selection of the
m thi l-iti b u.l. -A republican form of
goveniicnt" is guarant.ssl by tho constitution
to each state, and the s'wer given by the same
instrument to tho legislatures of the states
t pr.-si-riie m-thods for the choice, by
the state, of doctors must be exei-ciseil
und.'r the limitation. The essential features of
such a government are the right of the jieoplo
to oboo.se their own officers and tlio nearest
practicable equality of value in the stiff rages
lovcn in determining that choice. It will not
be claimed that the power given to the legisla
ture would support a law providing that the
lMTSOiis receiving the smallest vote should bo
theelisz-tors. or a law that allows the electors
should Is. chosen by tin. voters of a single con
gressional district. The state is to choose, and,
tinder the pretense of regulating methods, the
legislature can neither vest the right of choice
elsewhere nor adopt methods not conformable
to republican institutions.
Guaranty for Free Choice.
It is not my purpose here to disenss the ques
tion whether a choice by the legislature or by
ine voters or equal single districts is a choice
iie siare. nut only to recommend such reg.
illation of this matter by ii.iistitulionalamend
meiit an will secure uniformity and pre
vent tlmt disgraceful partisan jugglery to
which such a liberty of choio-, if it exists, of
fers a temptation. Nothing just now is more
lmportuiit than t-i provide every guaranty for
tin absolutely fnir H1,,j fr,,, ehoicc liy an equal
Mio rage yviihin thn resective states, of all for
otlic rs of ihe national government, whether
unit stint-age is applied dire-fly. as in the
oi i.iemis'rs oi the house of rcpi-esen
tatives. i.i- indirectly, as in the choice of sen-
mors anil doctors tit nresiilout 1', ui,.,r '.,..
public i-m.-ers and obislieuc.- to law-will not
in oe i it? ciiaraotori.stios of inr
1 'nun our elis-tnms cease to
"""i' ine w in oi nia ii :- s fn-T-iy ascc
taimsl, without frail !. , .. .. , V -...-ry
luaniier. It 1 was call.-1 iim to d.s-iare wheri.
in our chief national danger li. s. 1 should sav,
without hesiutii.Ti. in th overthrow- of major
ity control by the suppresion or t.-rversion of
the popular suffrage. That there is a real dan
ger here all must agree, but the energies of
th-se who ms. it have u-eii chiefly expended in
" i-espoiiMniiity iisni th. opiMisite
, , i iions to mauesueh prac
tices imisissil.le by either party.
Hunger to I'ublie Teace.
Is i! rot possible now to adjourn that ir-ter-imnnble
and inconclusive debate while we take,
bv consent, oin- st,., b to.. .liKu.-i .r .
W, . I v -.1,, -l Il-l.lllll
. eliminating the gerrymander which has
lx-on denounced by i.H parties as an infiueuce
hi the soli-cttoii of I'lecfrs ,,f president and
memls-rs of e.,ngi-e.s:- All the states have, act
ing I reoly ami s.-p.-irati-ly. .Icterinincil that the
. o.-i. . oi cui-iors i,y a general ticket is the
wisest and safest metinsl and it would seem
there could h" no objection to a constitutional
amendment making that meth-sl permanent.
If a legislature chosen in one vnir tinon purely
hs-al questions should, js'iiding a presi.lentia'l
meet. res-ini the law for a choii-e
uism a general ticket and provide for the
choice of electors by ihe legislature, ami this
..I. s siiiiinu ii.-ierniiiii; the result.it is not
too much to say that the public is-ace might
Is seriously nud widely endangered. I have
alluded to the gerrytn.-inder as albs-ting the
method of selecting electors of president bv
congressional districts, but the primary intent
and effect of this form of political rohherv
naM. relation to i).,. selection of members of
luo mills' oi representatives, 'ihe jsiwer oi
congress is ample to deal with this threatenine
and intolerable abuse. The unfailing t--t of
111 is iion rep.i in wi.l he found in a
willingness to limit r as to r.ms1ies Hnd to p-n
into force sn. h iiieiusurcs as will most effecl
llally presi l-e th.- right ol the people to fr..
and e-iial n-iu-esentation.
I'miiil Acaiiist Snflrsge.
An attempt wtus mnd in the last congrcs.
iTing to Isar the coiistitutionid )Niw-ersof the
general government for the correction of
frauds against the suffrage. It is im.N.rtaiit to
know whether the opiusiiiou to such
measuris, is realiv n-sb-d i:i. jiarticu
lar leafiires supsed to l objeition
aole or includes any i.nposii-in t- give to the
election law s of the I nited Stalls. al.llui'V to
the iiirrc turn of gr.avi i.n-1 a.-knowl slged evils
. must x; eliti i tain tile liojs- that it is Jiossi
die tosis'ure a c.-ilui. jKitri-.t ic iiiiisideration of
such constitutional or statutory changes as
may l necessary to s-s-ure the" choice of olli
ceisjotthe government to the H-oiile bv fair
apisii tiomneiits and fnt elis-tious.
i is'lieve it would lie jiossilile to constitute a
commission, non-partisan in its managership
and comjiosfd of patriotic, w ise anv impartial
men. to whom a consideration of ti e question
ot the evils connected with our election sy stem
und methods might Is.-committed w ith a' gissl
prosp-s-t of s'-'iii'ing unanimity- in some plm
lor removing or mitigating tnose evils. The con
stitution Would JK'ini.t Ihe selection of the
commission to lj vested in the supreme
court. if that method would give
the Iv-st gnnrai-ty of imiitinialitv. This com
uussioii slioui-1 U; cliarged with tiie duty of in
quiring into th" whole sllbjis't of the' law of
el.s-ti-.U-i IVi related to tile elKli.l of OIliiSTS of
the national government with a view to wi-iir-ing
to every elector a fns' and uinnoli'sted ex
ercise of the suffrage and as near an aiiproach
to an equality of value in eai-h liallot cast as is
While tiie policies of the general government
uH,i: the arr. upon the r.-storatum of our
merchant marine, iiikhi river and harlT im
provements, uml other such mailers of gray?
and general concern arc habie to is- turned tlys
way or that by th- ri.ults of coiiLT-ssioiial
clis tioiis. and a.'.nilnist rat ivejsiljcies sometimes
involving issues rh:,t t'iid t ijs-.i"eor war. to
! tuniisl this way or that by the nwults of a
pr-'sideiitial elc.-tion. tiler- is a rightful int. -r--st
in all tit" starts, and in every congressional
district that will not lie dis-eived or silcm-cd by
th- audacious pretense that the question of the
light ot any Isslv of legal voters in any state
oi in any congri'ssion.'d district to give" their
siiiVrages force upon t hesi' general (incstions.is a
matter ol only l..i-al coneerii or iontn-1.
Tu' demaiid that the limitation of suffrage
sin. ni l Ih- found in the lav.-and onlv tle-re is a
just demand and no just man should n-sont or
r.sist it. My npiioal is. ami must coiilinuefi Is,
for a consultation that shall proceeii with can
dor, calmness, and patience upon the hues of
justii-o and humanity, not of prcjr.tli e and
A t lniiils isl;..
To the coiii-ideratiiiii ofticio i-"i-y grav qtic.i
ti lis 1 invite not only tiie atten'lici of congress
but that of till patriotic citizens. We must not
entertain t he delusion that our pcopie have
censed to regard a free 'sil. it and i ijual repre.
sonrntion as the priis- of th ir allegiance
to laws and civil magistrates. 1 have
Ihs'ii greatly rejoiced p lmrice maiy
evideuces of the increased lmiiii uli'ili of our
IHsiple and of a revived na'ional spirit. The
vista Urn' now ojiens to us is wider and mon
glorious than ever Istfore. I .ratification and
amazement struggle for supremacy as we con.
tempi, ..to the population, wealth nud mornl
st renin h of iur country. A trust, momentous
in its intluouce upon our icoplc und
iimii the world. is for a bticf tit.i
cominitt"! to us. and we must not l faithless
to its first condition the defense of the free
and equal iiiltiieuee of the jM-ople in the choice
of public officers and iu tiie control of public af
fairs. iSigmsl) Bkn.iamin Hauuison.
Kiuentivc Mansion, lis !l. IsiiJ.
A Kinging 1'ivniij.clist. (iocs Craiy.
SASnwicH, .Mass., Ilea 9. Clifton Den
nis, a well-known RiiiKiugevaii!;elist from
Chicago who has been holding, revivals iu
Jiew Kugjutid the past year, arrived un
expectedly Monday night at the residence
of a relative. Later, with nothing oa but
a niylit garment, he walked to the resi
dence of a neighbor, where he broke down
the feuco and front door. He wns ar
rested with difficulty and is nowtinder
guard, a raving mauiac. He will proba
bly be couiuiiued to un nsvlum.
The Hat Trimming Case.
PniLAliELl'lllA, Dec 9 Jinige Acbeson
filed an opinion. iu the United States cir
cuit court Tuesday morning granting a
new trial in the last bat trimming case,
in which the government wti victorious.
The new trial wns grauted because pub
lications were made in a number of morn
ing newspapers, most of them dispatches
from Washington, or purporting to be,
which, it was held, prtciuded the cbnuces
of a fair trial, and were calculated to
prejudice the miuds of the jury.
-Typhoid Jever Epidemic.
Steuben ville, O., Dec U. The citizens
of this city are much alarmed over the
prevalence of typhoid fever. Fifty-three
new cases were reported by the physicians
Tuesday. The cnue is ascribed to the
bad condition of the water.
Sudden Death of Kditor Clapp.
Uoston. Dec. 0. William Clapp, for
niauy fears editor of the Boston Journal,
died suddenly Tuesday night at the Uctel
THE TRAYE1,EK3 GUIDE.
flHIt'AGO, ROCK ISLAND A PACIFIC KA1L-
- way jjepot corner Fifth avenne and Thirty
" ' . -. n t-i, nana 11. x iiiiiinier, ageni.
louucn Kinffs A Mi line do-
tA Day Express f
Kinas (tity Day Express...
tounci, i luffs & Mmneso-1
ta --:ess (
C'o-.tneil bluffs ft Denver 1
Limited Vestibule Kx.. f
ssnsas City Limited
lx an pm
ttTQiiig west. Going east. Daiiy.
V rui.i v i : T 1 1 v ii, . i tr r i l ..-..
& l o. v., i . a, aAib
7Ti wJ ep-t First avenne and Bixlsenth St.,
M..1. e. ; l . c r r ..... .
o, MH -I I
TKAINS I mm. abkiv
Bt. Loom Express .-0aa. 8:0 am
?." i11!' Jiprese 7 iSi pm 7:18 pm
M. Paul Express 6 :45 pn. 8 OS am
Keardatown Pf.sfeneer : 8:55 pm 10:85 am
WayFrettht(Monmouth)...i 8:iani 1:50pm
"t-nirg Pasnengcr , 7 iii am -.48 pm
Savanna " j I0:b5am 8:4pm
CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE ft ST. PAUL RAIL
way Kaciue ft bouihwei-tern Division De
pot Twentieth street, between First and Second
svepoe, B. D. W. Holmea. anent.
TRAINS. Lsavii Abbivb.
iau aott Kxp.-est, " C:45ii "SaOOpifi
St. Paul Kxpr sn 8:16 pm 11:25 am
't.ft Accommodation :00pn 10:10am
yt - Accon-modatiop 7:36 sir 6:lnpin
RljitK ISLAND PKORIA RAILWAY 1;K
pot First avenna and Twentieth a'.reet. F.
li. Rockwell, Agent.
TRAINS. L?AV,- ABTiiv--
Kast Mull Express 8:10 am 7T-VTpm
""'el's 2:40 pm 1:80 pm
uainc Accommodation 0 :10 am 3:00 pm
" " 4:00 pm' 8:06 am
MOST DIRECT BOTJTB TO TUB
East, South and Southeast.
. . . Fast la'l. Expnss
Lv. Rock Island 8:10 am a M0 pm
Ar. Ortun 8:51 am 3:04 i-m
t'om r.dgc :15m 3:2pm
"lva :44 am 3 57 pm
Wyomire 10:30am 4:35pm
Price. ville 10:9am 4:57pm
''''or'ae. 1 : nm , :5 pm
Bl'-oinington 1:5 pm! :15pm
Springfield 3:45 t m! 4:) pm
In ksonvillc 4-00 pm.18-f n't
Herat n r 4:50 pm 10:(ipm
Iinnvilie I 3 :50 pm 14:10 nt
Indianapolis 6:35 pm 3:15 am
Terr-j Humb i 7:iu pm 10:00 am
.van'ille 1 :2ilam: 7:35 am
St. louis .. 8:ii ml 7:1 mam
I'liiciina l 10:00 pm; 7:00 am
Lv. Peoria 110:15am 4:10pm
Ar. Kocfc Island 1:30 pm; 7:30 pm
cci.mnjo1atior. trains leave Rock Is'aiid at
6:00a. m. nud 6 45 p. m; arrive at 1'eoria 8:45 p.
m. and 4:30 a m. 1 eave Peoiia :0O a. m. and
7:15 p.m; arrive Rock Island 4 :00 p. m. and 2:04
All trains run dully except Snnday.
All passenger trains arrive and depart Union
Free Cr-aircaron Fast Express bet ccn Rock
Is'ond and Peoria, lsih direct ions.
Thtougli ticket 10 ad points; bageage corcked
through to destination.
Lv. Rock Island ; .ln am 4.00 pm
Arr. Reynolds 10 in am S.06 pm
" Cable 11.10 am 8.40 pm
Lv. Cable 8.20 am 4.f 0 pm
Ar. Reynolds j 7.i:i0 am 7.45 pm
Kork island j 7.65 am' 8.00 pm
E. B. SUbLoW, B. STlCKHUtK.
Snpcrintendent. Gcn'l Tkt, AfienU
tmrQ'J MNTTD W'TH THE GEOGSArHT Of THIS COUNTRY WIU. 08TJW1I
MUCH VALUBU INFORMATION FROM A STUDY OF THIS MAP OF THE
Cliicao, Eoci Islani & Pacific Ry,
Th. Direct Ttntib to and from Clilrairo, Jollt, Ottawa,
rcnria, i.a sane, jinnnc, B.i 'rloiid, In ILLINOIS;
DaTenport, Musratin, Ottuuiwa, Oskalorsa, D
W iincs. Wuiterwt. Audulmn. Hnr'.an and rnnnrii
lMnffs, in IOWA; Minneapolis and St. Tnul, In SIIN
KE()TA; W'atrtown and Sioux Falls, in HAKOTA;
Cameron, SU Joseph and Kansas City, in MISSOi'KI;
Omaha, Lincoln, Fairbnry and Nelson, in KEBn.ASKA
Atclnnn, Lravenworth, l!ortm, Topi-ka, Hutchinson!
emiiia, iieneTiue, Aiiurne, jjmtp. City, Caldwell, In
KANSAS; Klniflsbcr. El Reno and Mi lim in T VTiF A V
XEnHITOKV: Denver, Colorado Pprinas ud Pueblo.
In COl.OKAlHJ. TravertM now rM. nfnrh r
nd craving lands, affording the be3t facllitie of Intel-Commiinii-ftt
Inn tn all tnvm a.i tHnm u. . i
- - Wha itlWi HUU WT3l(
northn-est and southwest of Chicago and to Pacific and
trani.ru nn ir Kr-iikri-t
VESTIBULE EXPRESS TRAIXS
L?adinj all csmpethors in splendor of equipment,
between CniCAOO and DES MOIStS. COUXaL
BLI FI--S and OMAHA, and between CHICAGO and
DEKVCrt. rOLOKADO SPHIXflH rf urrmn
KANSAS CITY and TOPEKA and via ST. JOSEPH.
rirsi tiass mr coacliea, FREE RECUNISG CHAIR
CAPS anil T1ais. BImuh w,t. iu.i .. ,
, - -- - . ,,u ouhiiji . o o rvice.
Close coanections at Is-nver and Colorado Sprins" with
dlrenting ndlKay Unes, now forming the new and
TRANS-ROCKY MOUNTAIN ROUTE
Over which snperblyqnlpped trains run dally
THROUGH WITHOUT CHANGE to and from Salt
Lake Citv. C.a?.m antl Run -. to T, o..-
. - . ...rv. . I - Aiva
ISLAND Is also th Direct ana Favorite Line to and
irom sianltou, Pixe's Peak and all other sanitary and
scenic resorts and cities and mining districts in Colorado.
DAILY FAST EXPRESS TRAINS
From St Joseph and Kansas City to and from all im
portant towns. cities and aeetinfM In KoolK., .-- 1..
Kansas and the Indian Territory. Also via ALBERT
m ii, imni lumsas mty ana Chicago to water-
nwi 1.1..,,. t.".. O. vtvw i iu,, ih . ...
. niiiiAuuuua ana Bl. rAlL,
cannecUong for all points north and northwest between
til. lalcM ttnit Oi. tss. c
For Tickets, Maps, Folders, or desired Information
apply to anv Conoon Ticket Offim in th r-nii a.n.u
or Canada, or address
E. ST. JOHN, JOHN SEBASTIAN,
GeolManagtr. GenlTktftPaaa. Ajfc,
flow plain b njy miad ihe scenes of
recolleciion recalls tern to view,
o&p-kdile huncr on fte poles of
Buf it?ose dayvS ofo o ap And ; . ,
Izuz lortf since departed, we
pray and we qodg;
Tie use of fte stuff .'gotuo
wane arjaro lanffuisn
As as fyey offered
b .iJ-' If rs. 11 tv -rm
THE MOLINE WAGON,
Mo i ine, III.
The Moline Wap Co.
Manufacturers of FARM, SPRING AND FREIGHT WAGON
A full and complete line ef Platform and other Sptire Wsgcms, especially adapteo. to the
Vi enern tiade. rf superior workmanship and finish, illuel rated Price List free on
application. See tbc MOUNS WAGON before purchasing. -
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
CONTRACTORS and BUILDERS.
AU Kinds ot Carpenter "Work Done.
General Jobbing done on abort notice and satisfaction guaranteed.
Office and Shop 1412 Fourth Avenue, ROCK ISXJkXD.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Sbop comer Twenty-second street and Ninth avenne. Residence 3936
Pf"Ii prepared to make estimates and do all kinds of Carpenter work. Give hbs a trial.
C. J. W. SCHREINEB,
Contractor and Bu.ild.er,
1121 and 1138 Fourth avenne. Residence 1119 Fourth avenue.
Flans and specifications furnished on all classes of work ; also agent of WIDer'a Patent kurifi)
Sliding Blinds, something new, stylish and desirable.
BOCK ISLAND. TXJ.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
-BOOTS AND SHOES-
Gents' Fine Shoes a specialty. Repairing done neatly and promptly .
A share of your patronage respectfully solicited.
1618 Second Ayenne. Rock Ialand, EL
statk ok Illinois, i
Rock Island Co cntt.
In the Circuit Court, te the January Term, A.
D., 1893 In C hancery.
Inr'. The petitKm of Zenas P. Rupgl'a for the
ppoiniment oi a irnstee under tne last will and
testament of Sarah b. Cobb, deceased.
A fliila it of nou-residenre of W ilh.n P. I!r.
glee, William G. Hnigrles, harsh C.
oiisles. Lydia R. Uott, Richard M.
Kuirulcs, Lucy 8. Kuceles, Daniel Raceles.
Knuirles. Mortimer K. Kaeule. tiar-
dlaer Haggles. Cordelia I'aizc, Lydia Pai)c. Cor
delia Paige. Oren Paige and Viederick Allen, and
the unknown beiis at law of 8arah B. Cobb, de
ceased, having been filed in tbe clerk's office of
the circuit court ol sain comity, not ice is thererora
iiocuj i;ii:ii oi mr saiii , iiuii-resiueni. ucienuani"
that the corapla-nant oled his uetitionor bill of
complaint in said conn, on the cluncery side
thereof, on the twenty fourth day of Movember.
A. D lB'.U. and that thereupon a summons Issued
out of said conrt. wherein said suit is now pend
ing, leturnahle ou the first Monday in the month
of January next, as is ny law required.
Now, unless yoa, the said non-resident defend
ants above named. William P. Huggles. Willi! m
' im.KP. OAiu y. XVUllKie.. XiVUlK 11. ..OIL.
Kichard M. HnT2les. Lurr K. Hin-o-l.
Daniel Rucgles, Rwzule'. IKor-
imer K. Ktualrs. Gardiner Rupirlea.
Cordelia Paige. Lydia Paige, Cordelia Paige, Fred
erick Allen, and the unknown heir at law of
Sarah B. Cobb, deceased, shall personally be and
api ear before said iltcuit court, on the first day
ol the next term thereof, to be holUtn at Bock
isiana in ana lor tne said couny, on tbe first
Monday in January next, and iilrsd answer or
demur to the sa d complainant's bill rf comnlaint,
the same and the matters and thing, therein
charged and sta ed will be taken as confcssed.and
a decree entered against you aceordinz to the
priiTerrf said bill.
itoekleiano ill , Kovembcrxs, 1891.
GOKG W. GAMBLE.
Clerk of M Court
Lccias Aiiaks, Compt's Sol.
R. M. PEAROE,
Boom S3 in Mitchell Lynde's new block.
Estate of Jacob M. Wilson, Deceased.
The undersigned, having been appointed ex
ecutor of the last will and testament of Jacob M
wflt on late of the county of Rock Is Land, stale f
Illinois, deceased, hereby gives aotice that he will
appear before the county court e Kock UlatiT
county, at the office of the clerk of said court, tn
the city cf Rock Island, at the Febreary tena.oii
the First Monday in February next, at which lime
all persons having claims against said estate, are
noti ded and requested to attend for the purpose of
having the same adjusted. All persons indebted
to said estate are requested to make immediate
payment to the undersigned.
Dated this 4th day of December, A. D., 1801.
ANDKEW DONALDSON, Executor. .
Estate of Wil'lam Cook. Deceased.
The undersigned having been appointed eiesr.
tor of tbe last will and testament of William Cook,
late of the county of Rock Island, state
of Illinois deceased, hereby gives aotice that he
will appear before the county court ef Rock.
island county, at the office of the clerk of aalii
court. In the city of Rock Island, at the FeUo
ary term, on the 'first Monday la Februaiy a ail,
at which time all persona baying claims agaiDj
said estate are notified and requested to attend,
forthe purpose of having the same adjusted. AI.
persona Indebted to said estate are requested ic
tnaae immediate payment to the anderrtgneo.
Dated this atth day of November. A. D II :,
JA JJS M. COOK. Kxecstcr
EXECUTOR'S SALE OV EXAL ES
TATE. Public notice is hereby gtvea that on Monday,
December 14th next, at the hour of 8 o'clock p. m
at the north door of the court house In the city of
Boca Island, county of Rock Island, and state ef
Illinois, by virtue of a decree of the circuit
court of sa'd county, entered oa the 16ta day of
October, 18411, in acertain cause pertains; therein "
wnerelu the Board of Forelga Mi as ions of Ihe Pres
byterian church In the TJ. 8 A. and others are
comolainante and William McConntll and other
are defendants, tbe undersigned, u executor ef the
last will and testament of John MeConnell, late of
said county deceased, will sell at public sale to the
highest bidder, the real estate, situated la said
Bock Island county, described ae follows, to-wt;
Tbe aoutheaat quarter of section thirty-six (SB),
township seventeen (IT), aorta range two (l),wes
of the fourth p . m , or so much thereof as ma trap
necessary to satisfy said decree. Terms, cash.
. Rock Island. Ill , Nov. l, IBM.
SAMUEL. M COJELL,lMCUtor,.
ft -I I- '