Newspaper Page Text
THE A JtGUS, THUK8DAY, JANUAKt' 28, 1892.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. U. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17. lSX9
11 j&s&m rc
POT UP YOUR KNIFE
The War Is Over and It Won't
CHTLI'S BACKDOWN IS COMPLETE.
Her Apology in l ull and All-Knibrac-In!
and the lir of War Arc Chained In
Thf ir Kennel The Above I StraiRht I
nil (iika from the Secretary of ftte I
nimseir V London i:ditor Who Hal
Been Heading Hreekinrid(ce" IJesola
tlon Write an Acrid Screed.
Washington'. Jan. Peace between.
Chili ami the United State. The South
American republic lias made complete
apology, lias made a definite pledge f
reparation, has condemned the Baltimore
incident as an outrage upon the United
States, has assured this soverninent of
its friendship and its desire to main
tain friendly relation, and has de
clared its highest respect for the
flag and the "uniform of the North
American republic. These expressions
and assurances are in every way satisfact
ory to the United States government, and
Chili will le so informed. Tims suddenly
comes an end to the war and rumors of
war. 'What remains to be determined be
tween the United States and Chili will be
attended to in friendly diplomatic inter
course. Washington", Jan. . The Chilian
trouble is over so far as likelihood of war
P concerned, and the questions that re
main to be settled can be adjusted peace
ably and satisfactorily through means
asfreeable to the principals concerned in
the controversy that up to Tuesday threat
ened a bloody conflict. The concessions
made by Chili, as outlined by Minister
Egan in his dispatch to the stare depart
ment, nre satisfactory to the government,
and everything points to a speedy and
peaceful ending of the imbroulio. This
news was made public by lilount, chair
man of the IioUmj committee on furviirn
Chili tienerally "( limits Down.
Blount's authority i Secretary Blaine,
on whom he called yesterday at the state
department i;i connect inn w ith the con
troversy. Blaine told Blount thnt the
cablegram from Minister Kpm was en
tirely satisfactory to the United "states,
and he had no objection to Blount making
public this fact as his knowledge of what
the dispatch contained. ""The bottom is
out of it," said Blount yesterday afternoon.
Blount, said that Blaine showed him the
dispatch from Kgan. It was in manuscript
and covered about six or seven foolscap
sheets. lie said it was a satisfactory rc
Kponse, to the president's ultimatum, and
in a nutshell it meant 'we unqualifiedly
meet your demands.
They .lust I.ove Your I'ncle Samuel.
It is stated that there is the greatest
feeling of regret on the part of the Chilian
government and people over the Baltimore
tragedy. The dispaUh contained an ex
planation of the charges that the Chilians
generally were hostile to the United States,
stating that there was no such feeling
towards the American nation or its sub
jects in Chili. ,-In connection with this
point," said Blount, "the. dispatch read
something like this: 'Chili hate Amer
icans!' No. Too well does Chili remem
ber howthe preenceof American uniforms
in her harbor aided her in achieving her
struggle for independence.' There w as an
titter disavowal." said Blount, "of any hos
tility toward the American nation or its
Siilihtanee of the Ilisputc-li.
According to Bhumt the substance of
the dispatch is as follows: A satisfactory
explanation and retrartion concerning the
offensive note issued by .-senor Malta,, t he
late Chilian minister of foreign affairs, is
made. Chili agrees to meet the demands
of the United States contained in t he presi
dent's ultimatum unqualifiedly, and ex
presses the greatest feeling of regret over
the whole affair. As to the Baltimore af
fair, fervent expressions of regret concern
ing it are made. In conclusion the Chilian
government states that in complete com
pliance with our demands it begs the sub
mission of llto whole controversy to that
"august tribunal, your supreme c ourt."
NOT SO ROSY A VIEW.
A Dispatch That Modifies the Optimism
"WashINT.Ton-. Jan. '. The reply of
Chill to the demands contained in the let
ter of the 21st in.it., is under consideration
by the president . and secretary of state.
That this is so is taken ns nu indication
that the terms of t he answer arc not whol
ly satisfactory. A note to Minister Kgnn
will doubtless lie sent shortly, jxrssibly to
day, or the president may hold it until he
can submit it to the cabinet at its meet
ing Friday. In the meantime the presi
dent may conclude to send Chili's reply to
congress, but of this no official continua
tion can lie. had. The text, of Chili's an
swer is nnite lengthy, and careful study is
necessary for an exact understanding of its
First Friendly Note from C hili.
. Last evening an official familiar with the
matter said thnt theapoloeer.io expressions
In the reply regarding the Baltimore Inci
dent were more pronounced than they
had been in uny previous communication:
in fact, this was the first note from Chili
which breathed a friendly spirit. The Matt
note, it is said, will lie disavowed in a
manner that will meet the approval of the
United States; in fact this government
may indicate or direct the method to bo
pursued. This leaves the form ami suh
ntance of the apology for the Baltimore in
cident the principal, if not, the only point
difference between the two countries-
lut this is tit sulhcient imortanoe, all
.-ill agree, to delay an amicable adjust
I lent for sometime, if it should eventually
tome. The opinion that the trouble will
I e settled without active hostilities is the
:nehe!dby many prominent public men.
ISIimiit Feels lielieved. Anyhow.
l'r'ivstntvtive Blount said last night
t lat alter reading the Chilian reply to
l're.-idciit Harrison's niliiiiaiiitii at the
is ate department yesterday afternoon he
fell that a great load had been lifted of!
the shoulders of the foreign affairs coni
n.ittee, of which he is chairman, by this
sudden and fav..rab!e t urn in thesilr.atiou.
1 here had lieen, he said, conflicting reports
ii: circulation about the character of the
Chilian response, and it was very gratify -it
g to him to li:id it so complete as an
aMlogy atud apparently so satisfactory to
S-cretary Blaine. It apjH-ared to Blount
to be so anipla nd so satisfactory that it
Trn.st be acceptable to the administration,
U congress, and tothe country.
W ill (10 to Congress Today.
Blount made this observation after he
h v I called on President Harrison to talk
abou; the Chilian situation: and while ha
w is of course reticent aljout what the
president had said to him or whether the
president took an optimistic or pessimistic
view of the sit nation, he significantly ob
served that he expected the president
w uld in a day or two send the Chilian
response to congress, and that the Chilian
triable would very soon le on the road to
at. honorable ami peaceful settlement.
I .rite last night it was learned that Presi
de nt Harrison will send the additional cor
respondence the Chilian response tothrt
ultimatum of the "Jlst inst. to congress
AN EMINENT BRITISH EDITOR.
He 1 1 :t F.vidently Heard of Hreckin
Jx'NKON, Jan. as, The Chronicle, com
minting upon the trouble between the
Ul ited States and Chili, says:
' if Chili's offer of satisfaction was sent
under the circumstances as reported Presi
dent Harrison iias lieen guilty of an act of
nn st disreputable 'spread-eagleism.' lie
nu st have known before he published his
hei toring message that Chili had done all
and more than was required. Therefore
his message was mere bluster. We confess
we hesitate in coming to a conclusion so
utteriy disgraceful not only to Mr. Harri
soi but to the great nation that has made
hit 1 the trustee of its honor and interests.
We cannot believe him capable of such
me in dislge, although we are not unmind
ful of t hedirty trick his wire-pullers played
on Lord s-iickville West.
Notes a Delusion, Yon Know.
The American government needs no de
fense against anybody unless it lie Blaine
am. Kgan. It is quite a delusion to sup
pose that England cares whet her or not
An erica builds a formidable navy or in
curs burdens lor the purpose of vinui
cat ng its Fenian agent in Chili. Mr. F.gan
is 1 ot likely to lie sent as minister to Kiitr
lan 1 while our police wait to consult him
ala ut the murder of Ixiril Frederick Cav
endish. America bad liettcr settle ihe
building of her navy as we do, with u view
to the interests of the people, and nut to
the interests of what Artemus Ward calls
the 'show bizness' of the outgoing presi
dent and discredited envoy.
Novel Diplomatic Ooctrine.
""President Harrison's message asserts
the navel doctrine of diplomacy that a
band of swaggering sailors are entitled to
the same redress as is an ambassador who
has lieen attacked. America is .1 ureat
country and there is doubt that even
this whole globe of ours would have room
for t if it was seriously prepared to pu.-h
the 'civis Komanus sum' do -t 1 inc t ':us
THE DUBS FACTION EEATr.N.
Court Decision in the l'iilit of tin s.v.41:
cclical i liurcli.
C.ili i;o. Jan. .N. In the gie-ii i'.v.u.
geli -al church fitht Jud.'e hepanl, in i!m
superior court, has rendcr -d a de :sjo:i in
favor of the Iv-cher hiid Bowman faction,
as against the Dubbs faction, holding thai
the lndianaiolis conference, presided over
by t he former, was a lawlul one and that
il c nuitilted 110 acts II. at tended towards
taking away their rights. The decision
in vi Ives church property valued at
The Case Which Was Decided.
Tie case was that of ieorge Htisser, a
prea her, atrainsi George Schweicker,
another preacher, who was iipixiiuted to
the Noble Street church by the Hubs fac
tion Fat h of the parties claimed to be
the i.uly appointed preacher and pastor of
the M. John's so ietv of t lie church in
Chic igo. Schweicker and his adhereut-t
are i 1 occupancy of the hurch edilice be
loti m; to t he iocal society, and exclu-'e
His:-er. w ho is an K-cliei ite," from ,,!
licia ing therein as pivecher.
Itemurl.s of ,Tii(-,. vhepard.
' ere I persuaded. "sa.s the court, "licit
the ecree to be entered at this time would
final y end this unfortunate controversy it
would be of proiit to examine into anil dis
cuss the history of the Evangelical associ
ntior. during its ItKi years of existence.
But, to quote the poet:
Christians have burnt c,t
That all t lie Hinit lis would have dune as t'e.ev
and I here is no likelihood t hat t heir iirmor-
! In-an rs will lay aside the sword of the
t law 1 lit it the court of hist resort shall iuive
I decid l t he contest, and it will therefore
suiliie if in this outpost engagement, I con
fine liysclf to a single controlling issue."
McCarthy Whips allavrhan.
Xk v Oi:lkans, J.m. t the Olvmni-
club last liight In-fore a large crowd of
sport'- Cal .MCnriy whipped iVuimy
Hunt weights and fought at IIS jioiuk s
Callahan in fourteen rounds. The men are
for&.lliu, of which icm went tothe loser.
Calliihan fought very well for the first
few rounds, lioth meu bhowiug good skill
at doiiging, but the advantage was with
McCarthy in nearly every round. After
the n-ntli round it was all for Cal, he draw
ing first blood in the tenth. In the four
teenth Cul caught Tommy in the stomach
and d milled him up on the floor, where
he lay while the referee counted him out
. kno :ked out.
Cullom Trying to Ma e It More
THAT TEOUBLE ABOUT WITNESSES.
A I'roposition Intended to tiet Around
the Supreme Court Decision In the
Cotinselinan Case Change thnt In Tro
poscl anil the Point Made hy the Court
Hoard of Trade Men in Session. Some
of Whom ltaic- No le Tor the Law in
Wash iv,; tox, Jan. --N In a bill int:o
dueed yesterday Cullom. chairman of tl e
interstate commerce committee, proposi s
to amend s-ctiou sVpO of the re iscd stat
utes of the United States so as to meet the
objections raisid by the recent decision of
the supreme court in theConnselmau case.
The court held that under section sv.0. as it
Row stands, a w itness could not be com-IM-llcd
to testify in certain cases under the
interstate commerce act w herein his testi
mony miht be deemed incriminating, not
withstanding the fact that immunity from
subsequent prosecution was guarante d
him by the latter law.
1 lie Interstate 1 an l roision.
Under Sec. Vi of the interstate com
merce law as amended in 1-ssn, witmses
refusing to testify regarding discrimina
tions, made even for their own benefit,
may be punished for contempt: and it is
provided that the claim that any such tes
timony or evidence may tend to criminate
the witness shall not excuse him from
testifying. As a guarantee, however, it
was provided that such evidence should
not be used against the witnesses 011 the
tria 1 of any criminal proceeding. The de
rision of the .supreme court in the Counsel
man ease invalidated this section.
Senator Cnllniii's Proposed llemedy.
Senator Cullom proposes to remedy the
defect pointed out by the court by amend
ing section Mill sothat it shall read: "No
p!eadim:s of a party ,nor any discovery or
evidence obtained from a party or witness
by means of a judicial proceedings in this
or any foi-eign couutiy shall lie given in
evidence, or in any manner Used against
him or his property or estate, in any court
of the United State, in any criminal pro
ceeding or for the enforcement of any jH-n-aitv
or forfeiture. siu-n person
"hall not be prosecuted or subject to any
jH-naltv or forfeiture for or on account of
any transaction, matter or thing concern
ing which he may testify."' Such persons
must testify, however, and immunity shall
not extend to perjury.
The Supreme Court Position.
Tin-supreme court said in the Counsel
man decision: "We are clearly of theop'u
ion that no sr iMite which leaves the party
or witness subject to prosecution after he
newer the criminating question put to
hi:n ca'i have the 1 tfert of supplanting
i'.- privilege conferred by the constitu
tion of the United Stales. - In
view of the const it ntiomil provision, a stat
titory enactment to lie made valid must
a.i'ord absolute imuiuuity niaint future
pro-ecutiou for the offense to which the
ij i.-si ion relates;" w hich section dots
EOARD OF TRADE MEN.
They Discus Ameiiiliiieiits to Hie Inter
state Commerce I. aw.
Washington. Jan. .vs.-tii0 hundnd and
f'fty delegate were present at the meetiug
of the National Boanl of Trade yesterday.
Twenty -live new associations Were ad
mitted to niemliei-ship. After the report
f the executive committee had been read,
Fredcru k Fraley was unanimously re
t lecttsi piesident. A resolution considered
rccitid that owing tothe immense amount
of business crowded on ihe interstate com
merce commission, requiring years in
some instances to reach decisions, it has
tuMcnit' necessary to relieve ihe commis
sioners of part of their labors.
Thinks the I. aw Is I -c-lcss.
The resolution recommended an amend
ment to the interstate commerce law so as
to create live districts throughout the
I ni'ed States, each of w hich shall Ik; mi
ller t he direct charge of a board of three
comuiissioners.to lie appointed in the same
manner as the inter.-iate commissioners.
The resolution wa presented by the Mil
waukee Chamber ot Commerce, and was
supported by its delegates. Mr. Smith, of
Toledo, did not think the result of alopt
iug the resolution would be practical.
He had no suggestions to make in regard
to the interstate law, which, however, he
believed to be utterly nseles. Mr. Stan
nard, of St. Bonis, favored a thorough dis
cission by the board on the question of
uljolishing the commission, lie saw noth
ing in the operations of the cotumisio:i
but obstruct ion to the business of thecoun-
try, and 'lie would favor the repeal of the
Ileicrretl to a Committee.
Mr. Kniuhi. of Wisconsin, offered a sub
stitute for tlie resolution, providing that
the United States be divided into districts
and a board of commissioners be created
by law for e.ti h district to hear and deter
mine all ques, ions ai j-i:ig under 1 he inter
state commerce lev in Mi. ii districts, from
w hii ii appeals may betaken to the inter
state commission. Alter furt her discus
sion the res iiaiiju jaid substiiule were re
ferred to a special committee with instruc
tions to reper' before the board adjourns
tomorrow. I in- boaidliit-11 adj. m tied for
W as I'itrin - ilis Way Out of Jail.
Bi.iu.ix, (n.t., Jan. s alter J. Cohen,
of the firm of Cohen, Solomon & Co., of
New Yotk. wlio tied to Canada some
mouths atto to cscHiie his creditors, and
w ho has Ijeen in jail here ever since 011
charge of sw indiiiig them, was discovered
Tuesday diirgin.- his way out of his ceil.
Two knives, a hatchet, and a piece cf iron
were found in ihe hole in his cell wall,
which was nearly completed.
Spanish Miuera on strike.
M ul:ti. Jan. -". Six thousand miiiers
have gone on strike at Bilbou. anil have
been v. ry ".: o.t'e: '; . Tl: f wd guanls
wire iri:. d i.'tc'l :' t i.T'vuii'c
It.ir'c !-y tf-. :.-.!.-.-: .':,:i! t !: 1. fort !:-:-w
fp'ones a; Ihe !: -r. ':'' .- te. t gt:.".ui
tii, :e---i, ti !'!".-l ifo tf-e mon. which dis-peis-.ii.
Vi-'i''!- hr.ve !mcu :tit. to Bil
!,.i. K'e-.v ille I'.iutl mttl "'-l.tCtO.
Ml.siATlNK, la.. Jan 'iS The Union
hunk of Wilson, this county, was blown
open yesterday mortiiiig and something
over il.OiM seriired. Tiie burglars blew
the iiM-k off the vault and then blew the
door and one side of the safe off. - A tall
stranger with a gray overcoat who was in
the bank Tuesday is suspected.
Kansas raised 58,970,000 bushels of what
Whisky has again got the best of John
Pierre Joigneatix, a prominent French
journalist, is dead.
Schools at Mouroeville, Ills., have been
closed on account of the grip.
Dr. Alfred Carpenter, distinguished
English physician, is dead, aged 07.
A runaway horse got on the Pennsyl
vania railway track and beat a fast freight
train "out of sight."'
The annual convention of officers of the
National Guard of Wisconsin is to be held
at Milwaukee Feb. 10 and 11
The German kaiser was 33 years old
yesterday and festivity was the order of
tiie day all over Germany. Berlin was
illuminated last evening.
Many olitcers say that whether war
eventuates out of the Chilian imbroglio or
not the incident w ill give the building of
an efficient n.'.vy a boom..
Two Pennsylvania, stock disease experts,
after a special investigation, have decided
that "lumpy jaw" in cuttle does not make
tiie beef until for human food.
The estimated total American capital
raised for .Mexican undertakings in the
past year by individuals and public and
private companies was over Jl'),idil,o00.
Jirome I. Case, ow ner of Jay Eye See,
the trotting flyer, was put down by the
know-it -ails as worth .sPUXM.imi. His will,
just published, shows that he died worth
The Bi iiisii commissioners on the Behr
ingSea cout rovcrsy suite that they are ready
to appear liefore the lioard of arbitration
at Washington. They are hopeful of a
sat isfactory settlement.
The crew of the United Slates steamship
Baltimore have presented the Baltimore
Sun a tine oil painting of the ship as a re
turn for the hospitality shown the crew
while the vessel was at Baltimore.
Friends of the late W. J. Florence, the
actor, at Chicago and New York indig
nantly denv a report from San Francisco
that Billy" was the fat her uf an illc-gi-iiiitte
daughter living in that city.
The delegates to the convention of the
International League of lres clubs are en
route east and having a high old time.
They are entertained and welcomed at
every stopping place, and taken to see all
The mortality by the grip is so great in
Kngland that the mourning goods market
has felt its influence, and the crepe manu
factories are experiencing a revival from
the state of decay into w hich the industry
An expedition under command of Pro
fessor Heilbrin will lie sent out by t lie
Philadelphia Academy of Sciences to pick
up the reniainsof Lieutenant Peary's Arctic
exiiedition if there are any remaius. The
relief ship will start next June.
Several weeks ago a young girl named
Ilagcn was brutally beaten by an unknown
miscreant. Monday night Katie Costello,
another joung irirl, was similarly attacked,
and the question is whether there is a
"Jack the Woman Beater'" in Chicago.
Chilians not Altogether Happy.
Nl.w Yoi:k Jan. The Herald's
Santiago dispatch says that some of the
Chilian paiier are very much cut up over
Chili's backdown. La Union calls on the
people to stand together and uphold the
honor of the country, and declares that
'"Our noble sailors would prefer sinking to
the bottom of the sea rather than salute
the Yankee i;s.n
Looks Something Less Like War.
Boston, Jan. is. Captain Sargent, of
the Ohio, has ls-cn placed on wailing or
ders, and sixty men and the officers of that
vessel which had been fitting out at
Charleston navy yard in view of a jiossible
war with Chiii have been discharged. The
vessel w ill soon lie placid in commission
as a machine ship.
i ongrc!Tn Dl-ief.
WasKint.ton, Jan. CS. In the senate
yesterday Morgan introduced a resolution
inquiring why China had declined to re
ceive Blair as American minister to that
rount ry, his idea Wing that China had no
right to decline I mt.hu e Blair had made
anti-Chinese speeches. Adopted. Cullom
introduced a bill in "get around" the su
preme court decision that witnesses could
not lie forced to give testimony incriminat
ing themselves. The La A bra discussion
Hatch introduced a bill iu the house
giving a state pow.-r tocnfotce its laws
against oleomargarine imported into the
state the same as if it had been manufact
ured there. The rest of the day was de
voted to discussion of the new rules.
reasons for trying Dr. Sage's
Catarrh Remedy. In the first
place, it cures your catarrh
no matter how bad your case,
or of how long standing. It
doesn't simply palliate it
cures. If you believe it, so
much the better. There's
nothing more to be said.
You get it for 50 cents, from
But perhaps you won't be
lieve it. Then there's another
reason for trying it. Show
that you can't be cured, and
you'll get S500. It's a plain
business offer. The makers
of Dr. Sage's Remedy will
pay you that amount if they
can't cure you. They know
that they can you think
j that they can't. If they're
wrong, you get the cash. If
you're wrong, you're rid of
Woodyatt's Music House-
No. 1804 Second Avenue.
WOODYATT & WOODYATT.
3 w .5
This firm have the exclusive sale for this county of tt
-Piexrjos eirjcl Orcreais.
WEBER, STDYVESANT, DECKER BROS., "WHEELOCt
ESTEY, AND CAMP & CO.'S PIANOS.
And the ESTEY, WESTERN COTTAGE arid FAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
UT A ruu ime io of email Musical me rcbandiee. We save inonr cmilcy a -o-. f lul
THE MOLINE WAGON,
The Mine Wagon Co.,
t fei iiv!.
Manufacturers of FARM,SPRIKG AND FREIGHT m
a. inn Bra comriete ime Ft I'lttrorm and otter Spiire Vi jor,. csj ics j rrf jvcfa J
n rfiou iraoe. 1 1 mj-erar ncrni ntiii tr.anilrli. 1ii:mk in: I i, i L; r,tj
pplitatioo. Sec the MOLINE WAGl N before vurtl.::..-.
INCORPORATED CKDKB THB STATS LAW.
Roek Island Savings Bank,
BOOK ISLAND, ILL.,
Opsa dally from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m., and Stardi7 etfeniugg from 7 to o"c:o't.
Five percent Interest paid oa Deposits- Monev loaned on Fcr?cr.i:, C.v
lateral, or Real Estate Security
i. P. RRYNOLDS, Pres. P C. D3NKMANN, Vice-Pre. . V. BL'FOKL' ik'
P. L. Mitchell, K. P. Reynolds, F. C. Denkmann. John Crataucfc. U. I'. U -:.
Phil Mitchell, L. Simon, B. W. Harft, J. M. Balord.
Jacxaoa A Hcbst, Solicitor.
tVBegan bnsinrss July 9, 1SS0, and occupy tre foutheast comer cf 5J".tO:: !:'. s'
Superb New Trains
l tl lis m r .n
FINEjT v. sff
SK FOR TICKETS fii Q6C"-mf&G-B? FOB aATISalHfORMATICM xts D.6.E5V.'Aa3S. ; ; : OICSC
THE POS!TIVK CURE.
SLT BH3TEEKS. f Varran BU ?w Tors-. Price so c-ifiii-' "
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor and. Builder.
Ot2ce and Shop Corner Seventoentb Bt.
and Seventh Avenue,
MrAU kinds of carpenter work a specialty. Plana and estiaatea for al. t:;-
'nrt.1hed on aprilcattrtj.
CHAS, DAN N A CHER ,
Proprietor of the;Brady Street
Ail kinda of Cat Flowers cons :aiat!y on har.J.
Green Hones Flower tnre- ,;-
One block north of Central Park, the larpest In la. a Brady Mreet. Dil,
Manufacturer of ail kinds of
BOOTS AND SHOES
Gents Fine Shoes spoelalty. Repairing done neatly and promptly.
A share of yocrpauonagreapctfnlly solicited. u r- isi
1813 8econd Ayenue. B-"6
C. J. W. SCHREINEB,
Contractor and Builder.
1121 and 1123 FoBrtli avenue. Besidence 1119 Fourth averse.
Plane and epecificatiors furnished on all classes of work: also spent rf "ff-.llir '"
Sliding Blinds, something new, stylish aid desiraWe. .
6E0SGE S CHAFER, Proprietor.
1801 Second ATenoe. Corner of Sixteenth Stree - Opposite Harper sT
The choicest Wines, Liquors. Beer and Cigars always on J
tree LruirJi Xrery Day
Sandwiches FnrnleSt oe