Newspaper Page Text
THE ABQTJB. THUIiSDAT, FEBRUARY 11, 1892
FACTS ABOUT THE RAINFALL.
jjow tlie Quantity of Italn Is MMSuml.
W hrn and licre 11 i nnnvimi. r.i--.
AVhfO, by the constant condensation of
,...! i,,,! ,o nilP I'Dtii.
f,.s become larger and heavier, and when !
. ii.. ;.i;vi,lnul vpsirli-s unite, tliev fonn I
regular drops which fall as rain. At jrreat j
ktfitjl'ts raiiMlnins are very sinau, out in j
'....,,. n thev fall, for from their low
temperature they condense on their mir-
f-ice the aqueous vapor 01 me i.im ui n
thrmiidi which they fall. The quantity of
r,i whirh falls annually in any gweu
pla.-e, or the annual raiutall, is measureu
lv means of u rain trnuw or pluviometer,
uiimilest. form of rain irnucre consists
of a funnel which has a certain definite
ani, twelve square inches forexample. nod
nhii-h lits in a bottle. 1 tie rain wmcn
TIIK SIVfLKST I OUM OK KA1S G.U'tiE.
falls on this area is collected m the liottle.
and the quantity which lias bulcn ilunni;
the period of observation is liieasuni! by
menus or a rr.ie hi.it ! irmss. inmmi hi
tiveuty-four hours the quantity collected
me asures 3.8 fluid ounces, tin i equal 10
t four rubic inches, and if the area of the
1 funnel is twelve inches, t his represents a
rainfall of one-third of an inch in tweuty-
four flour-. The funnel
Usually inclosed in a metal
is taller than the funnel
and bottle are
so as to retain
any snow which may fall.
Many local circumstances may affect the
quantity of rain which falls in different
coujitru's; hut, other thinp? being equal,
most rain l'all.i in hot climates, for there
the vaporization is most abundant. The
rainfall decreases, in fact, from the equator
to the poles. Tin-quantity varies with the
seasons. In Paris, in winter, it is4.2 inches;
in spring, ti.il; in summer, 0.3, and in
autumn, 4.8 inches. The heaviest annual
rainfall at any place on the jrlolie is on the
Khasi hills, in Itenal, where it is 000
inches, of which 500 inches fall iu seven
I'mlei similar circumstances the quan
tity of rain diminishes with the distance
frmn the sea. Thus, if the annual rainfall
is 1 in the center of Uermany, it is .'' in the
( cuter of Knicland and l.T.'jonthe Kntrlish
coast. An inch of rain on a square yard of
surface represents a fall of 47.74 pounds, or
An Interesting riienoinenou.
Irradiation is a phenomenon in virtue of
which white objects, or those of a very
bright color, appear larger than they really
arc wheu seeu on a dark ground. Thus a
white square upon n black ground, seems
larer'thao an exactly equal black square
t:p a white ground (see cut). With a
jia black boily on a
fc ungni, tcrounu me
converse is the
case. Again, a
made red hot by
the passage of an
seems fur thicker
than it is in real
ity. Irradiation is
held to urise from
the fact that the
duced on the re
tina extends be
yond the outline
m iX'T OF Ii:lCAlIATION of ,l,e imaj,,,. it
hears the same relation to t he space occu
pied by the image that the duration of the
impression does to the time during which
the image is seen.
The effect of irradiation is very percepti
ble, in the apparent magnitude of stars,
w hich may thus appear much larger than
they really are; also in the apjiearance of
the moon when two or three days old, the
brightly illuminated crescent seeming to
extend beyond the darker portion of the
disk and to hold it in its grasp.
I'lateau, who investigated this subject,
found that irradiation dill'ers very much in
different people and even in the same per
son it differs on different days, lie also
hmud that irradiation increases with the
luster of the object and the length of time
I'uring which it is viewed. It manifests
it-elf at all distances; diverging lenses iu
creitse it, condensing lenses diminish it.
The .Marine Ileconl is authority for thi
Compilation. These figures show the tneau
level of the lake surface above the mean
tide at New Vork, and their maximum
d' pths, respectively: Lake Ontario, 246.01
feet, 7::s feet deep; 1-a.ke Krie, 572. St feet
and SIO feet deep; Lake Michigan, 581.23
feet, 870 feet deep; ljike Huron, 581.28 feet,
"V) feet deep; ljike Superior, 001.78 feet,
1,'JOS feet deep. The deeiH-st water runs
very fairly in midlake throughout the
chain. The areas of water surface iu
square miles according to Grossman's de
lineation is as follows; Inke Superior, 31,--"0;
Lake Huron, 2-'J,S(X); Ijike .Michigan,
,I50: L-ike Krie, 0,!HiO; Lake Ontario, 7,240,
ur a total urea of W.050 square miles.
Wood Tnlp EearinB.
l'earings constructed of compressed wood
pulp are the outcome of eonie ingenious
mechanic's bruin. Invention says: "Com
bined with graphite they require no lu
brication, and greatly reduce the fric
tion. The compound can be cut or drilled
like metal, and is almost as hard. A dyna
mo is stated to have been fitted with these
bearings with satisfactory results.
News and Notes.
A new hydraulic shears recently started
tip at a steel plunt in England is described
by The Industrial World as being power
ful enough to cut through an ingot 30
inches wide by 13 inches thick with ap
parently no effort at all, and the time taken
for the operation does not exceed three
It has been noted that in some of the
Maine streams fish will go, for the purpose
of laying their eggs, into water so shallow
that the fins on their backs are out of the
An electrical journal tells of the comple
tion of a new spring motor, which the
maker claims will completely revolutionize
rapid transit and put electricity amongthe
ItcqnlrementaorThese Fowls Which Often
I'rove Troublenome and l'u profitable.
Turkeys require a large range, and ex
cept on large farms, or at least sufficient
ly so that they can be kept from tres
passing on the premises of neighbors,
raising turkeys is likely to be trouble
Some in many n-ays besides being tin
profitable. A naturally dry and rather
sandy soil is the liest for turkeys, as it
is for raising o her fowls, for nothing
occasions more loss in young chicks of
all kinds than vading around in mud
and wet rass. There is one thing that
can bo said in favor of raising turkeys
that cunitot lie said of chickens, which
is that they can lie more easily driven
whore one wants them to -.o, sn that a
child can watch a turkey lien when she
is let out with her brood, jmd can keep
them from straying too f;.r and drive
them home nnd r shelter when a storm
is coming up.
Turkeys are very partial to choosim.-
their own nests in the open field, and '
wnere ono snc.-eeds in setting on her
stolen nest she .'houl.l be brought in and
cooped for some weeks as soon as the
chicks are hutch".!, leaving the chicks
to ran out. It s, however, better to in
duce her to set oi:icvhere under shelter
when it can lit done. By putting the
hen turkeys a f ?v days before they be
gin to lay in a large indosiire where
they can make nests a little hidden from
observation they can afterward be allow
ed to run out, und will return and hatch
where tlieir bn ods can have better pro
tection than in the open field. Turkeys
do not like to b disturlied when on their
nests nr watched while going to them.
The young one ; .ure very tender, and for
a few weeks after hatching require even
more care in keeping them out of the
wet than chick ns do. When from six
to eight weeks old they become quite
hardy and can have full lilx-rty, but up
to that time th ; mot her turkey should bo
confined in a 1; rge coop, and when left
to run out for a short time, should be
carefully watc led to prevent her wan
dering off with her brood into the tall
fcTass. Turkeys can be hatched and
raised by hens, but a turkey under-
.1.1 i . , , '
staimsinewaj or ine young ones and
makes a better mother for them.
A "Wheel lill.i r.
The present is an opportune season
for the repairing of tools anil farm im
plements and. where one lias an averago
fund of iuget uity, the making of suu-
a i: i.li:i: makkkk.
dry farm and household conveniences.
In the accoi ipanyiug illustration is
shown a wheel dibber, which Farm and
Fireside Mis can be made easily and
cheaply. Ileie are the directions:
Get a piece of maple, oak or oilier
hard wood log, say fifteen inches in diam
ctcr by a foot long. Have it turned
nicely and a hole bored through for a
bolt to serve s s an axle. Handles are to
be attached ii. the way shown in the il
lustration. I is then a roller, and may
be used for th it purpose in the garden,
following after the seed sower or in any
place wh re t le use id" a small roller is
desirable. Inch hides are bored in a
circle around the roller, midway be
tween the twi ends, four inches apart.,
and short wooden pegs or pins are in
serted to act iis dibbers. The weight of
the roller presses each peg clear down
into the soil and thus holes just right for
the young on on plants are made as fast
as a person ci.n walk. For lettuce, cel
ery, cabbage or other plants some of
these igs or pins may be left out or re
moved, and holes may thus be opened
eight or tweb'e incite apart. Of course
the size of th roller should be such that
the circumfi rence is exactly three or
fonr feet, otherwise the pegs must be
inserted nearer together or farther apart,
so that their number will be divisible by
Doing at iho l.ierinient Stations.
A trial of silage made from apple
pomace as Lod for pigs resulted un
satisfactorily at the Illinois station. The
pomace kept well and chemical analysis
of it showed an apparently good com
position for feeding purposes, but the
pigs ate very little of it.
At the Georgia station nitrogen was
fouud to be the most effective element
in fertilizer.- on oats; cotton seed meal
was the only sulistance that paid a good
profit. The Fultz made the largest
yield of any wheat grown, though the
Walker, which is a week earlier, is con
sidered the most trustworthy, one year
At the 111 uois station two trials were
made, in et ch of which two pigs were
fed Foaked corn and two others dry
com, with n ) other feed. The pigs fed
soaked corn ate more and gained more
than those fed dry com. In one trial
they gained more and in one less in pro
portion to f. od eaten than those fed dry
com. The differences were not great in
The first of a series of experiments
with rye gri wn for green forage in the
winter has been reported from the
Florida station. The rye was planted
broadcast and in drills on three plots on
poor, sandy soil, fertilized with manure
and commercial fertilizers. On one plot
the crop was cut for fodder and on
another seen cattle and two colts were
pastured. A considerable amount of
green forage was easily and cheaply
produced during the winter nnd early
s Swond Crop Pututoeft.
The praci ice of growing second crop
potatoes foi seed has long been practiced
in the east, and the truck growers in the
neighborhoid of the large seaboard
cities have found ont how valuable th
product from such seed is. The knowl
edge and i' s lienefits are spreading to
the west. By this method both earlineas
and better i niality of tuber are secured.
Scured the IndlaDS.
When the electric telegraph was first in
troduced into Chili, a stratagem was re
sorted to, in order to guard the posts and
wires against damage on the part of the
Araucanian Indians and maintain the con
nection between the strongholds on the
frontier. There were at the time between
forty and fifty captive Indians in the Chil
ian camp. General Pinto called them to
gether, and pointing tothe telegraph wires,
"Do you see those wires?"
"I want you to remember not to go near
or touch them, for if you do your hands
will be held and you will be unable to get
The Indians smiled incredulously. Then
the general made them each in succession
take hold of the wire at both ends of an
electric battery in full operation, after
which he exclaimed:
"I command you to let go the wire!"
'I can't; my hands are benumbed!"
cried each Indian.
The battery was then stopped. Not long
after the general restored them to lilx-rty,
giving them strict instructions to keep the
secret and not In-tray it to their couutry
men. This had the desired effect, for, as might
be expected, the experience was related in
the strictest confidence to every man in
the tribe, and the telegraph has ever since
remained unmolested. London Tit-Bits.
Not an Ailinirer of the "Ilook,"
An English magazine tells a story of a
London painter's servant and the national
hero of Kngland. Here it is, in the words
of the cockney himself:
"I took home a picture to the Dook o'
Wellington one day and as 1 was taking it
up in the hall he came by and says, 'Oh,
you comes from Messrs. IJennett.' 'Yes,
sir,' I says. With that lie passes on, and
out comes at the front door a man dressed
ail in block, and comes up to me his but
ler, I suppose. He says, 'Do you know
who you were talking to just now?' 'Yes,
sir,' I says, 'Arthur Wcllesley, belter
known as Dook o' Wellington.'
" 'Then why don't you say "your grace"
to him?' tirace' says I: 'what should I
say grace for? There's no meat here.
Where's the viands? Why, 1 said sir to
him a common title of respect between
man and man.' 'Well,' savs he, 'vou are a
rum sort of customer, you are. What lo
you call the duke?' 'What do I call him?'
I says; 'a wholesale carcass butcher!"'
Every mother knows how disagreeable
and annoying rath or any other skin erup
tion is to her bbe during the winter
months, when the child eets so link- fresh
sir. Hot Springs Skin Salve is the 'hing
for it. For sale by all druggists. Hariz
& Btihtisen, wholesale agents.
Cubcb Cough Cure One m'nute.
A. D. HUESiNG,
Heirei;iim. amon; other lime-tried bu wel
teewn Fin. Iceurancc Compaiiio be followlLp
Hoy.il Inaaranct: Cnmny, of Enclard.
Wewhe.-ter Fire Ine. Company of . Y.
BnBalo Gcrraiin Ins. Co., Buffalo. N. T.
Rerhester German Ins. Co., Rochester, N. Y.
Citizens 1ns. Co., of Pittsbnrgb., I"a.
Sau Kire Offirt. London,
t'niott Ins. Co., ot California.
Bei nriry Int. Co., New H ivbti, Coin.
Mi:-aiiuec Mechanics Iiip.O ., Milwaukee, Wis
German Fire Ins. Co.,of Peoria, Hi.
Office Cor. 18th St., and Second Ave.
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
J. M. BUFORD,
General . . .
The old Fire anil Time trii-d Comr.aniC9
Losses Promptly Paid.
Rate? as tow as any reliable company can afford
Your Patronage i- solicited.
Live Stock Insurance Co.
C rllCAGO. ILL
Insurts live stock against death from accident
ordisease. For rates apply to
ED. LIEBERKNECaT. .Agent.
171- cord avenne. Rock Island,
N Whypn bkrffMVtoqr.nckswhontliebo
u;-mi.u in-aiinriii fun im iuiei jur reason
able prift'Kot Tlie IVru Chemical Co.. pre-
T!irou imm tt pniMTipiiiient nr. Will
lurns.apnj sn'iunoi wnrm-wiipTcputt
I UUnU IT. 4.11 and NurrouH J'hihtv
Loss ol Memory, IVpondonov, etc..
iruju e:ir!y inrt iwrrt ions or other cauJHis; oao
Biffin I C A.Cn Mull whl exirUMice a wenknf
niiUULL-KULU inart vuneem tleiryears,KKl
nor nnd HMuititT troubles, etc., will find our ,V?ihoJ
'tl Treatment a iaf:. Certain ami S-'ikvMv Cl'KK.
ril'lJJtl DJKTI1 ! CO fcxirioiicepriivostimt tn
JLftllfthL rftjl ILL LO i tenml me. lie in w wil
notciirotue- MiveailmenM. Dr.W illHini
wlinhasKiv .ieciHl attention to these
Ueae for m.irv rears, preserious Semi
nal Pastilles which act direct! t upon the
diseased orpans.and rostoru vigor better
than atomaeii MeOieines. as they are not
changed hythffrastrirjutce anrtriqirire no
cnanu 01 uieLor inuirruptiufimuusinesa
nuiifk. liiLHi n't-IT I iromlfto'.'Odavs
c.-'tiup from .Uiu U M&.UD, used with tin
fail in successful-over tliirlwpnra lr.
Williams pnvute practice. Give them a trial.
CDCP ipif Un Cl frthe KUjneyaand BlaUUerenre
wi uw4i iw iimiui recent cases in onu to ti.ur days
HTPRfMF FMTRPPUIP CwtormU forms oi
w i kin lit. wu i iiui iiiw beninie weakness, etc.
Call or write f or Catalogue and Information befc
Oouftulung others. Addr-fs
THE PERU CHEMICAL CO..
189 WiSTONSiN Street. MILWAUKEE, W!
it ma not
IS YOU TAKE
9500 unfird tar an'
Injurious aubttanca fooni
in these Captalet.
Will Cure any
HnnM mfnml. fl if not
a we in. Sent postpaid
on receipt of price,
NORMAN LICHTY. FAMILY CHEMIST.
Des Moines, Iowa.
For Mle by U dmyglutt, ErU 3c E" nsen,
Among the thousands of testimonials
f cures by Dr Miles' New Heart Cure,
that of Nathan Allisons, a well-known
lizen of Glen Roek. Pa . who for vera
had shortms of breath, sleeplessness.
a IU til H QH. Rr.nil'ilerfl flmntharini,
spells, ttc ; one bottle of Dr. Miles' New
. - - - - . '"P,
- -.-w v ouu
Liver Pills, cur. d h m. Peter Jaouet.
balenj. N J., is another witness, who for
twenty years suffered with heart dipease,
was pronounced incurable by ptyficians,
death stared him in the faoe, could not
lie down for fear of smoiherine to death.
Immediately af er using the. New Cure
he felt better and rould lie down and
sleep all nieht and is now a well man.
The New Cure is sold, also free book bv
Hariz & Bahnsen.
For Over Yuars
Mrs. Wioslow's Soothine
been used by millions of motliers for
their children while teeth inf. Tf ilia.
burbed at niehtHiid hroken of your res
bsics cniia Bunenag and cryire with
n of cuuiiie teetn send ai cure nd gst
a bottle o' -Mre. Wirslow'e Snotl:ir)g
Byrup" for children teething. I? will re
lieve tr,e poor little suff.rcr imuu-iiiiielv
Depend upon it. mothers, therein no mis.
take about it. It cures diarrhoea, rejju-
laTes ti.e Rtomach and bowt Is, cures wind
lic, softens the suras. redue s lnllnnimti-
tion snd tives tone and em-ri;v to the
whole sjs-i ra. "Mrs Wios!owV Snmhmo
Synp" for children teeiLii:!; is iil.-asant
to the fiMe anil is the prcecription of one
Of the oldest and hest -ernalc physicians
and nurses in the United Stales. Soldbv
all drusrs-'ists throughout the world. Price
twenty-live cents a hottle. Be sure and
ask for "VrK WinfOow'f, Soothing Sii;p
The taxis for 1M1 arp now diif nml
may tie pnid io the onship collector at
Hurst & Donaldson's i.fftVe in M
Temple block Yur last Te .r's r ceipt
111 : . ' .
n. ue or preai sssisrhnce tr the collector
io finding your desenptions on the tiix
books. William T. Sir.nKv
It CnresColds.Coairbs.Sore TbroatCroap.Tnflucn
a,Whoopinp Couph.Bronchitis and Asthma, a r-
taio cure lur Consumption in Urt ier, wi sure r-licf
in advanced stapes. r- t nc. You will see tha
excellent effrrt after taking the first dose, fluid
tj Utaler v bcrw. Luc ImvUo, oil ccuut mua fl.tM.
A Delicious ana Healthful Confection!
THE PUREST AND BEST CUM
EVCB OFFI'BED TO THE PUBLIC!
ITS HIEOICIMAI PROPERTIES ARE iNVALUABLE!
SOEE THROAT, C2jGES AKD C0L23,
AND IS HIGHLY BENEFICIAL TO DYSPEPTICS.
It whitens ihe terth arid swoftfn. thr lirr.Ttli. im
parts a pleasant tust to the muutli, and an agree
able fueling to the stoma,: h.
Bore's Choc-To Cum is the hot, try it once, and
you will use no other afterwards, if any draler
you ask fur it. lias not cot it, take no other, bat ro
somewhere else. You will tuid all progressive
dealers have it. that is the class of dealers to pat
ronic always for anything you want.
CHEW BORC'S CHOC-TO CUM,
59 & 61 5. CANAL ST., CHICAGO, ILL.
HARTZ & BA.HNSEN,
Wholesale Asente for Rock NIaud.
-ALL KIITD8 OT-
Cast Iron Work
done. A specialty of furnishing aL kinds
of Stoyei with Castings at 8 oents
A MACHINE SHOP
n& been added where all kinds of machine
work will be done first-claes.
NINTH ST. AND 7th AVE.
DOWNING BROS.. Propts.
For sale by all Brat-class Grocery dealers.
A OUICK AM O POITII RiilKlf of
MANLY VIOH mm th. On). L.itimat
tnoMlir SEXUAk. DCBILITVu, LOIT
VIXAL.IT know.. A Marvcllout Invlaa-
ratOr.tMKM?feW.Ml J. Mil. t.St.rSStwiOC.nr
tmmn). tir.trtt Bn.lir.CAT0N.BuK7.wtI.B.
1 I I " T M ! '; I
J. B. ZIMMER,
Will sell for the next 30 days all Lis overcoatings at 15
pnr cent less than th regnlar prices.
Star Block, Opposite Harper IIou6E.
B. F. THOMAS & CO.,
Elm Street Meat Market
All kinds of Fresh and Salt Meats always on hind. Game,
Fish and Oysters In the 6eacon.
Reynolds' Block, Mouse Ave., FOOT OF ELM ST.
Telephone 1098. 231 Twentieth street.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
CONTRACTORS and BUILDERS.
All Kinds .ot Carpenter Work Done.
General Jobbing done on fhort notice and satisfaction gnarantetd.
Office and Shoo 1412 Fourth Avenue. ROCK ISLAND
Billiard Parlor Sample Room,
No. 117 Eighteenth Street.
JAMES T. O'CONNOR, Proprietors. WM. H. CATTON.
J. Ma CHRISTY.
C. J. W. SCHRELNEE,
Contractor and Builder,
1121 acd 112 Fourth avenue. Keeidence 1119 Fourth avenue.
Plans and tjeci2catioT)p furcipbed on all clappof of work ; ali9 arct cf WilUr'e Patect fasla
gliding Blinds, gomcthniR new, Btylieh tmd desirable.
jmrtf-y ute of uioacco. opium or Bttmuiams bicb vn lead to Jnnrnitv. ctisum
tin and Insanity. Put upconvenient t carry to ot uwket. rft ik-t ua K-
aire hy miii1: 6 tr ta.
or rcjuna im iHunty.
Bale in Rock island by Hartz
i i i
AXI V A
serous kb rrwt
THE POSITIVE CURE.
I ELY BROTHERS. M Virw
jQavenport Business College,
COMPLETE IN ALL DEPARTMENTS.
FOR CATALOGUES ADDRESS
I . ' i M
KASUFACTUREB Of CRACKERS 110 BOTiTS.
A? k Your ante r for Them.
They are Bet.
The ChriMy "Otptik" atd Chrir jr "WrKK."
FALL AND WINTER STOCK
of Goods received bj
gjgTCall and Examine.
tbe wini(rtal rvtteSy
IH Hold with & Writ
! i i '
i i i
ten RuaranUe to enre nil rrvuun diae!i. ftwta an SV;tk Mpfmr,
lKJ!ot Brum l'ow r, IlKudartie. Wxkef aluf, LiOt M&nhtMfJ. Nt'htlv K hj i -iun.
Nerv)U!ne), Lassiiutl1. all drains and Uthm of powtrof tbeOVnrratlve
OrifsriK in either fttx cauetl bv over exertion, vouthftil err.-n. ttr -ir4i
With every order we a wrlti- n -wirtnttf to curd
circular iree. fjautea AcrTcace ! iticjmio, iu.
& Bahnsen. 3d Ave. and 20th street
- I flit t.
D Bi U lWFHER
BUNT. Fr1r BO rta I
J. C. DUNCAN, Davenport. Ia