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WEDNESDAY. FfiiiKUAKr 1,71892.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
City Elections in Pennsylvania
and New York.
President Eliot, of Harvard,
' Gives His Views.
EE APV0C&TES A SHOETER COUESE.
Some w Ideas or Their Conduct with
Replies to Objections Proposition
That Lesa Time Be Civrn to Arithmetic
and Grammar Karly Study of Algebra
and Geometry The Assertion 3Iade
That the Keanoning rowers of TupiH
Brooklyn, Feb. 17. TThe annual meet
ing the department of superintendence of .
the National Kluotion.l association open- J
ed at the BrtuKlyn Art association yester
day, Professor Henry Sabin.of l)es Moines,
prcsi.liiiK. The first paper read was by ,
l'rofessor Henry Kaab, superintendent of
education of Illinois, beinjt a discus-,
aion of school affairs in rural districts, j
J. B. Klein, nf the Washington bureau of ,
ednration, liescrilieol the German rural etl-j
ucational system, and remarks were made
by Selig IVaKnly. chief of the Worlds j
fair depart mpnt of liberal arts, on the pro
posed educational exhibit, which he de-j
scribed fully; Professor Harris, commis
sioner of educat ion, Washing, and others.
The papers were all followed by brief dis
cussions t hereof.
, I'reoident Kiiot, of Harvard.
One of the most notable papers was read
by President Kiiot, of Harvard. The sub
ject assigned to Mr. Kiiot was the shorten
ing and enriching of the grammar school
course. There were two kinds of shorten
ing, he said by reducing either the num
ber of grades or the volume and varieties
of the studies. He believed both were de
sirable in most, if not ail lo aliiies. As to
the first he thought it better to make the
regular programme for eisrht grades and i
lengthen it for slow pupils rather than '
make it of ten and shorten it for the excep- i
tionally quick. The greater educational'
injustice was to hold back, capable chil- i
drcn. A great shortening could be ef-.
fected by permitting capable children to
do the work of two years in one. j
Mould Cut on Arithmetic. I
Turning to the second kind of short- J
ening Mr. Kiiot said he believed the first
great reduction should be made in arith-.
luetic. By this contraction alcebra and)
geometry could be introduced. There was
ample room for the introduction of an op
tional foreign language under language'
studies, and nothing would be lost to Kng
lish by its introduction. In maDy schools
grammar still occupied too large a place
on the programme. But there were now
manuals in considerable variety to impart
the names and functions of the parts of
speech and the meanings of the common
grammatical terms, and to do t his by ex
ample and practice rather than by ruieS
and prevents. 1
Time eon Id be saved by grouping phy
sical geography with natural history and
political geography with history, and by
providiug jroiH-r apparatus for the teach
ing of geography. Much time was now
wasted committing to memory masses of
facts of little value which could not be re-,
tallied. Again, some time could be j
aved by striking out bookkeeping, which, j
as it was taught, was the bookkeeping
never found in real business establish
ments. It was a positive injury to a boy
to give him the impression that he knew
something about bookkeeping when he
had only learned an unreal system. For
the diversification and enrichment of the
programme, Mr. Kiiot said he thought the
association of colleges in New Kngland
Had proposed the most completete pro
A Programme Suggested.
Its recommendation were: 1. The in
troduction of elementary natural history
in the earlier years of. programme t
be taught by demonstrations and practical
jxercises rather than from books. 2. The
introduction of elementary physics into
the later years of the programme to be
taught by the laboratory method, aud to
include the exact measuring by the pupils
themselves. 3 and 4. The introduction of
algebra and geometry at the age of 1:2 or
13. 5. The offering of opportunity to
study French or German or Latin, or any
two of these languages, from and after the
age of 10.
SOME OBJECTIONS ANSWERED.
form progra mmes anu unirorm met nous
of instructions applied simultaneously to
large I umbers of children must be unwise
Too Much Iniforuiity ow.
Uniformity, Mr Kiiot t-aiit, was the
curse of American schools. That any
school or college has a uniform product
should be regarded as a demonstration of
inferio ity. It is fun her alleged that the
changes proposed are chiefly for the ad
vantage of t he well-to-do children, whose
education was to be carried beyond the
grain m ir school to the high school and
possibly to the college above tne high
school. They were indeed for the interest
of this class of children, but they were
much n ore for the interest of the children
who we e not going to the high school and
for who.n, therefore, the grammar school
was f rovide all the systematic educa
tion thcr would ever receive.
Are School Children Overworked ?
A tiftl: objection to the introduction of
new mi ijects was that children were al
ready overworked in schools. If the school
room were invariably healthier in every
respect than the average home. Mr. Kiiot
said, we should hear less h!hmic overwork
at schot 1. There is. however, another
precaution again-t overwork which was
quite as important as either of those al
ready i ientioned it was making the
school work interesting to the children.
In concl ision Mr. Eliot said that in re
viewing the protrress of the lat four year
he saw many evidences that a great and
beneticen". chanire in public school pro
grammes was rapidly advancing.
FROM WEALTH TO DESTITUTION.
The Shall ly Tricks Played by Cupid on a
New York t.irl.
Xf.w V, hk, Feb. IT. An elderly, shab
bily drcs.se d but handsome woman knocked
timidly at the door of 3.V2 East Third
street Monday evening and asked Mrs.
Margaret Costello for some supper and a
night's lolging. Mrs.- Costello recog
nised her isitor as a Miss Kosina Dubois,
whom she had known years ago, and gave
her welcome. An hour later her visitor
died of h -art disease. Forty years ago
Kosina Dubois, daughter of a wealthy
Water street ship builder, was the belle
of her set. She was unusually beautiful
and her fat her gave her an education at
home and i broad which fitted her for any
station in life. She was romantic, and
after declii ing the hands of more wealthy
suitors married handsome Charles Whit
field Homer, a chief gunner in Uncle
Two Other I'nlucKy Marriages.
He died in Isj;." and she married a second
husband, who was also far lielow her in
the social scale, and her father, John
Dubois, disnwm-d her. Five years ago she
married a peddler named Morris, with
whom she lived on (iocrcfc street until a
month ago, when they were dispossessed
for nonpayment of rent. They separated
and Monday she was tt'.ad to ask relnge of
her former washwoman who had known
her as a britht young heiress. Unless her
brother, wl o is a shipbuilder at Perth
Amboy. eoi es forward, the unfortunate
woman wiil !e buried in JHitters tield.
SHOT A RUNAWAY HORSE.
A C.umI Ma ksman Saves a Young Wom
Gt TiiitiE. O. T., Feb. 17. Three young
ladies of thi- jl,ve. Misses l.ydia Hayes,
Cora McPherson and I.ulu Saunders, met
with a serious accident while horsclwick
riding Mondty. Their horses, becoming
frightened, dashed away at breakneck
speed and the equestriennes were soon un
seated. Miss McPherson was badly cut
about the hei.d and Miss Saunders had her
nose broken. Miss Hayes suffered even
more severely than her companions. In
falling, her f ot caught in the stirrup and
she was dragged some distance.
One t.yt Torn from Its Socket.
An unknown man, evidently a crai-k
niarksmnn, a ho happened to lie in the
neigh Ixirhoorl, sbved,lhr young lady's life
by bringing tin- ' maddened animal down
with a well (tist'ctcd 4ut froni a riBc Miss
Hayes, whose life was saved by this fortu
nate occurrei ee, was terribly cut and
bruised, and had an eye torn from its
socket by the 'torse's hoofs.
SENATOR PUGH DECLARES FOE HILL
Bis Ticket la the New York Leader and
Got. Gray, of Indiana Got. lloyil
Banqnetted by braka Democrat at
Omaha Still No Prospect for Peace in
Louliiana Boies Indorsed by the Mo
doe Clnb Minnesota To lie Soiid for
Harrtsbtko, Pa., Feb. IT. The Repub
licans and Democrats each elected three
members of select council yesterday. ( f
nine mem bent of common council elected
five are Republican and four Democrats,
The Republicans will have one majority
in select and two majority in common
council. The Democrats have a majority
of one in the present select council and the
Republicans have control of common
Republicans Carry Pittsburg.
PlTTSHiKG, Feb. IT. The election of
councilmen and ward officers yesterday
passed off quietly. There were a few very
sharp contests between the 'Citizens"'
ticket and the regular Republican and
Democratic tickets, but the result largely
favors the candidates on the Republican
ticket. Both branches of the city council
remain largely Republican.
Resulted in Surprises.
VoitK, Pa., Feb. 17. Election iu the
city here yesterday resulted in some sur
prises in several wards. In the Fourth
warvl, which is strongly Democratic, Com
mon Councilman James E. Gavin was de
feated by Charles Alexander, Republican,
17 to 1S4. Select council will be one
Democrat majority, and common council
12 to 9, with a tie in the Sixth ward.
Elected a Democrat Mayor.
Caui.isi.k, Pa., Feb. 17 K. J. Arney,
Democrat, was yesterday elected mayor i t
this city by K) majority. Theentire Dem
ocratic city ticket was elected. The coun
cil will be a tie six Kepublicuus and six
Two Democrats in the Field.
Wilkksbakke, Pa., Feb. 17. The city
election held here yesterday resulted in
the election of F. M. Nichols, Republican,
as mayor. There were four candidates in
the field, two of whom were Democrats.
Clean Sweep for Rcpuhl leans.
Syracuse, X. V., Feb. 17. The charter
elections yesterday resulted in a clean
sweep for the Republicans. Amos was
elected mayor by over 1,000 plurality.
The Speaker Gives Reason for the
Mr. Eliot then proeeedini to reply to ob
jections urged against the programme.
Many teachers" thought arithmetic de
veloped leasoning power. The fact was,
however, mathematical reasoning was a
peculiar form of logic that had very little
application to common life and no appli
cation at all in those great tields of human
activity where jierfect demonstration is
not to be obtained. The second objection
to the substitution of algebra aud geome
try for part of the arithir.etic course was
that there are children in the grammar
schools who were incapable of pursuing
these new subjects. Assuming that this
allegation is true of some children, we
should not know till we had tried of what
proportion of children it was true. We
habitually underestimated the reasoning
powers of children, he said.
The 'Aristocratic" Objection.
Another objection to the changes pro
posed, Mr. Eliot said, often took this form:
They were said to be aristocratic in ten
dency. The democratic theory, it was
said, implied equality among the children,
uniformity of programme, uniformity of
tests for promotion, and no divisions in the
same schoolroom according to capacity of
merit. He need not say to this audience
that these conceptions of true democracy
in schools were fallacious and ruinous.
Everybody knew that children were in
finitely diverse; that children iu the same
family even were apt to be very different
indisposition, temperament, and mental
sower. It followed, of course, that 'A -
Alleged Rottenness at Denver.
j I)KNVK1I. Feb. 17. George Raymond and
James ladle), the ;-city officials who
are net-used of Wing the principals in the
city hall ring which roblied the city of
I Denver of tho isands of dollars, were ar
raigned lor tn u tietore .Judge Allen yes
terday on the first of the many charges
against them. This charge is forgery.
They are accused of raising a city war
rant from W.mo $:, K) and retaining
the surplus, f x-City Treasurer Bliss aud
O. Ij. Smith, win are indicted for similar
offenses, will lie tried later. It is e.
jiected that this trial will show a degree
of rottenness in the city government that
will create a sensation. Not only are city
oflicials accused but hitherto respectable
business men as well.
National 1 tlitorial Association.
Chicago, Feb. 17. The annual meeting
of the National Editorial association, of
which W. S. Ca ipeller, of Mansfield, 0.,is
president, will t ike place at Sau Francisco
iu May, and a trip to that city has been ar
ranged which w 11 be full of interest. AH
eastern and southern delegates will leave
Chicago and St. Louis May 9, und meet at
Colorado Spring May 11, where they will
take part in the dedication of the Childs
Drexel Home for IVinters. En route to
'Frisco visits will be made to Santa Fe",
Los Angeles, and Riverside. Returning
home Seattle wil lie visited, and the time
is arranged so that the Republican editors
will lie able to at vend the Republican na
tional convention June 7 as they come
Probably ffeveli Last Jump.
Sax Antonio, Tex., Feb. 17. Steve
Brodie, the bridgt jumper, will arrive here
In u few days :o jump from the gre.-.t
cantilever bridge of the Southern Pacif c
railroad over the Pecos river. This bridge
is next to the higl est bridge in the world,
the distance from high water mark being
3.W feet, and the ti tal height S0 feet.
Senator rngh Says a Good Word for
Washington, Feb. 17. Senator James
D. Pngh has written a letter to the David
B. Hill club, of Ijindcsdale county, Ala.,
on the presidential situation. He says
that Senator Hill is a self-made man, who
has lieen in full view of the people during
his entire career, and has had uninter
rupted success in all his aspirations. All
elections in New York, a doubtful state,
have been hotly contested, and Hill has
never been defeated as a candidate. No 111,111
iu history has been subjected to severer
scrutiny and a-ttack by a more powerful
and marvelous adversary than David B.
Hill. The senator closes by making the
prilict ion that David B. Hill w ill be car
ried to the national Democratic conven
tion by delegates for his nomination from
New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and
Indi.uia, and with this support he will be.
nominated, with Gray of Indiana, as vii e
president. He says this ticket w ill lie in
vincible. A ltanquet to Cor. Itoyd.
Omaiia, Feb. 17. The Democracy ol ti e
state last night jrave a banquet in honor of
Governor Boyd's restoration to office.
Almut 2n0 guests were present, the gov
ernor occupying the seat of honor. Speak
ing tieuau at Hip. m., and lasted until the
uwee snia' hours." The governor, who
spoke to ''Citizenship," was loud
ly cheered when be rose,
the sjH-ech was a review of his ease and a
condemnation of the supreme court, and
Thayer. Governor Boies, of Iowa, was in
troduced as the "rising statesman of the
west, and a future president." He spoki
to "i he Iowa Democracy and Its Future "
Indorsed Roies for President.
Kkokuk. Ia., Feb. 17. At an enthusi
astic meeting of the Modoc Democrat ic
club here last, night resolutions were
passed indorsing Governor Boies for the
presidency and heartily urging upon Iowa
delegates in the national convention the
presentation of his name. This is the
original Modoc club, an offshoot of which
a few days ago passed resolutions indors
ing David B. Hill, of New York.
tVill Probably Send Cleveland Men.
ST. P.UJ, Feb. 17. The Democratic
tate central committee met here yester
day and named St.. Paul as the place and
March 31 as the date for the convention to
sime delegates to Chicago. All the com
mitteemen present except two announced
themselves in favor of Cleveland, aud the
state will doubtless send a solid Cleveland
delegation, with Boies as second choice.
The Trouble in Louisiana.
New Orleans, Feb. 17. The Foster
Farmers' Alliance state central committie
met last night and discussed the proposi
tion made by the McEnery faction to with
draw both tickets and select a new ticket
by white primaries. A conference commit
tee was appointed to meet a McEnery con
ference committee, but it is believed that
nothing will lie accomplished.
Hill's Success in New York.
Albant, Feb. 17. The record now
stands: Hill, HI delegates; Cleveland, 8.
There were six conventions yesterday.
Those in Washington, L'lster, Saratoga,
Oswego, Niagara aud Schoharie all
elected delegations in favor of the senator
Must Vacate Dirty Tenemeuts.
Boston, Feb. 17. The Boston ooard of
health will serve notice to nearly 31 fam
ilies to move from dirty and unhealthy
tenements iu various parts of the city.
This move has been contemplated for
weeks. The health inspectors have long
beeu trying unsuccessfully to induce the
owuers of these houses to put them in
The Grip No Longer Epidemic.
London, Feb. 17. The return of the reg
istrar general of vital statistics made pub
lic last night, furnishes reatou for the be
lief that the influenza has ceased to be epi
demic in England.
Enumerators are taking the census of
New York city.
Ixmdon papers are predicting the early
dissolution of parliament.
Henry Wardle, Liberal member of the
English house of commons, is dead.
A fishing boat foundered off the Irish
coast aud live of the crew were drowned.
William A. Smith, a Boston diamond
dealer, has failed with liabilities of 30,000.
Thomas S. Black, sheriff of Franklin
county, Mo., is $3,000 short in his ac
counts. President Carnot has signed the bill ap
propriating a,i"i),0inl f nines for the French
exhibit at the World's fair.
A mosquito bite on the foot was the in
direct cause of the death at Baltimore ot
Henry Daley, aged ! years.
Rev. Mr. Davis.a Paptist preacher of De
troit, has created a sensation lycomin;
out for the taxation of church property
Henry Black, of Red P.l ft. Ark., shot
and killed his stepdaughter because si e
interfered when he was whipping his wife.
A German chemist 1ms invented amethod
whereby petroleum ami similar liquid hy
drocarlMins can be rendered nou-explosive.
The holding of a national conference of
independent voters from ail over the north
is proposed by the Massachusetts Reform
James H icks, a desperado at the San An
tonio poor farm, tore the bandages from
his recently amputated leg and died from
loss of blood.
John T.Martin, one of theGlendale train
robliers, has pleaded guilty at St. Louis.
Ilcdspeth, the leader, has arrived therein
irons and been jailed.
Up to latest reports about lt50 con
gressmen have accepted Chicago's invita
tion to visit the World's fair site Feb.
About twenty-five more acceptances aie
Jack Calvard, a merchant living fifi' e 1
miles from Tahlcffunh, 1. T., was shot and
killed by Sand Row e, a Cherokee desper
ado. They had been .drinking together
Chief of Police MoCaughry, of Chiago,
has issued his tiat that no more sparring
exhibitions shall lie held in that city after
tonight, when "Parson" Davies will give
Pope Leo has granted an indulgence per
mitting all the faithful in ngions afflicted
w ith la gripjieto eat meat on fast days.and
there is an idea abroad that all of these
fasts will never be reinstated.
There will lie required in the construc
tion of the World's fair buildings 39,00,
0O0 feet of iron anil steel, of which 6.4'J.',
6'.7 feet has already lieen placed. Of lum
ber there will In? used 7 :i,7ixi,iA)i) feet, and
11,177,;J:'S feet has already been place I.
Catharine Baker, a jiensioner at Metrop
olis, Ills., received a dispatch informing
her that her son, v bom she had not seen
for thirty years, was en route to visit her.
The joy w as tio much for tho old lady, and
she expired as the whistle of the train
upon which her son was journeying
Sounded for Metropolis.
Corbet t Knocks Out Two Men.
New York, Feb. 17. In Madison Square
garden last night Jim Corbett. of San
Francisco, knocked out Bob Caffrey, of
Philadelphia, and Bill Spilling, of Roch
ester, aud bested Toe limiou, of Boston,
without leaving the ring. The opin o 1
was generally expressed that another
round (the fourth) would have settled
Farmer Harsh Held for Trial.
Clili Aoo, Feb. 17. William J. Harsh,
the Bureau county farmer, was held in
bonds yesterday-to appear for trial in ten
days. He says that his reason for leaving
his w ife was that he could not stand her
churchly devotion. He seems not to have
desired his children brought up as Chris
tians, and failing to prevent this concluded
to cut loos-. He is reported to have ex
pressed satisfaction at hearing that the
church his wife attended had been destroyed
Pension Pj incuts for February.
Washington, Feb. 17. Payments on ac
count of pensions so far this month have
amounted to fs.oll.isn.
Pound a Capsized Y'acht.
Nati.es, Fla.. Feb. 17. The schooner
New Venice, of Key West, towed toNaples
dock the yacht Rose Scarlmrough, of
Brunswick, Ga., which the schooner came
across, capsized, live miles out front Mateo
Inlet Saturday morning. The yacht was
schooner-rigged, and evidently was being
used by a hunting and fishing party when
overtaken by the gale Friday night. Five
or six shotguns and a lot of small baggage
were found on board. But nothing has
been heard of any of those on the yacht,
either at, Mateo or between that point anj
here, and it is thought that all on lioard
ere K'-- "' '
A signal service
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the dcrati gemcnts, irregularities and
weaknesses peculiar to the sex. It'
the most perfect of strength-givers,
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stresses, " Fhop - girls, nursing
mothers, and feeble women gen
erally, it is the greatest earthly
boon, being unequaled as an appe
tizing cordial and restorative tonic
" Favorite Prescription " gives
satisfaction in every case, or money
paid for it is promptly refunded
That's the way it's sold ; that's tha
way its makers prove their faith
in it. Contains no alcohol to ine
briate ; no syrup or ewgar to de
range digestion ; a legitimate medi
cine, not a leverage. Purely vege
table and perfectly harmless in any
condition of the system. "World's
DisDerisarv Medical A
1 Piopr's, Ci iLiiri St., Buffalo, N.Y.
-wooflyatts Music House
No. 1804 Second Avenue.
WOODYATT & WOODYATT.
Si m 0
I Q 5
This firm have the exclusive sale for tbla county of the
Pieirjos eird. Orais.
WEBER, STU YVES ANT, DECKER BROS., "WE EE LOCK
ESTEY, AND CAMP & CO.'S PIANOS.
Aud the ESTEY, "WESTERN COTTAGE and FAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
W A full lice lo of small Musical merchandise. We have in our ctii V,t f r ....
Is reserved for
CARSE & CO.,
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor and Builder,
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St. . . "Rfirlr Tsklld-
and Seventh Avenue, . ' ..
WA.11 kinds of carpenter work a specialty. Flam and estimate! for all t'.hit r ' s-i-1
runusnea 00 application.
fireat Clearing Sale , .
CLOAKS AND MILLINERY.
WE MUST HAVE ROOM
At once for extensive alterations in our suire.
gain it have" decided to offer our ENTIRE
STOCK of Cloaks and Millinery at
All goods marked in plain figures at prices tint
make a great saving to purchasers who buy n ow.
bee hive; t
1 14 West Second Street, Davenport.