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THE AKGUS THURSDAY, MAY 12, 1892.
FabUshed Daflj and Weekly at 1124 Second
Tens, Rock Island. 111.
J. W. Potter, - Publisher.
Tnn-Diilr, 50c per nontb; Weekly, $2.00
AUeemmsalcations of a critical or argnmeata
twa character, political or religion, mnt have
real name attached for poblicstlom. No such
article will be printed oyer fictitious slgnaturea.
Aajoaymoas eommnnlcaUoa not noticed.
. Correspondence solicited from every towctbip
la Bock Island esaatr.
Thtjbbdat, Mat 13, 1893.
The Sanation Army Dublisb.es SI
.weekly newspapers and fire monthly!
magazine., in 37 different colonies and
countries, with t ,oUl annual circulation
f 4S.000.000 copies.
Kkokck Constitution-Democrat: Since
the Illinois republican conyenticn haa
been held, it becomes more apparent that
the democrat! tamed the winners at
Tex Aledo Record continues to advo
cate the claims of Robert Hoir, of
Oquawka, as a candidate for congress,
but thus far Mr. Moir has not signified
bis desire to become the subject of sacri
fice. Texbb is a man in the poor house at
New Britain, Conn., who is the only liv
ing son of a soldier of the American rev
olution. It ia Benjamin Winchester,
aged 89. Ten years ago he became to
tally blind, and a county charge. A move
ment is on foot t take him from the
poor house and place him in a home for
the aged. The society of Sons of the
American Revolution, which contains
many rich men in the east, has taken
the matter up at the suggestion of Ella
Issiasafolis Sentinel: The republi
can opposition to President Harrison's re
nomination is becoming more aggressive
every day. Nearly all the strong politi
cians in the party Quay, Piatt, Dudley.
Clarkson, et al. are fighting him. Not
more than onethird of the delegates to
the Minneapolis convention are instructed
for him. The party plainly does not
want him for Its candidate. Yet there ia
only one man in the party upon whom it
could unite, and that is Mr. Blaine and
Mr. Blaine is only a reminiscence. He is
a physical wreck and mentally incapaci
tated. If nominated, it is. doubtful if he
would survive until election day, and if
he did, and happened to be elected,
he wouldn't stand one chance in
a hundred of living out his term.
Nevertheless his is a name to conjure
with in the g. o. p, and the opposition to
Harrison is making a desperate effort to
rally its forces around him and nominate
him, willy nilly, dead or alive. One
thing is certain, the only possible alterna
tive to Harrison at Minneapolis is Blaine.
If the Minneapolis nominee is not the au
thor of the Mulligan letters it will be
Benjamin Harrison, and. for ourselves,
we have no doubt that Mr. Harrison will
be the man. Mr. Blaine understands bis
own condition too well to take the nom
ination. The Sentinel, we may add, is
for Harrison against the whole republi
can field. If the democratic party can
not defeat Mr. Harrison it cannot defeat
Condition f Illinois Craps.
The state board of agriculture has just
issued a review of the crop situation that
is anything but pleasant reading for the
farmers. Last year, one of phenome
nally large crops, the protection cam
paign orators insisted that all the pros
perity and the large crops were the re
suit of the McKinley law. During the
fall and winter the protection oigans
went into ecstacies over the bountiful
crops produced.by that law. Every time
anything was said against the McKinley
law, the organs shouted, ''Look at the
great crops produced I" If that law was
responsible for the bountiful crops of
1891. it is but fair that it should be held
responsible for the disastrous condition of
agriculture in Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Ne
braska andi other western states at the
According to all dispatches and the re
port of the state board of agriculture the
outlook for the farmers in this state is
very discouraging.says the Peoria Herald.
Farm work of all kinds has been delayed
by the cold wet spring, and comparatively
little plowing has been done. Cen
tral Illinois has suffered more than
any other section of the state. In cen
tral Illinois there is a decrease in the area
of oats as compared with 1891 of 25 per
cent and the condition of the crop is even
more discouraging, being but 73 per cent
of an average. In many localities where
oats were planted the heavy rains washed
them out, so that 'even with warm, dry
weather in the future there will be very
little oats harvested in this division of the
state this season. In the southern divis
ion the area as compared with 1891 ia
but 90 per cent, and the condition is 20
per cent below a seasonable average.
Both the area and condition of spring
wheat are about 90 per cent. On ac
count of the cold weather and the rains
not more than half the usual peach crop
is looked for. While the stock generally
is In good health it is thin. It should be
borne in mind that the report of the state
board was compiled before the occurrence
of the present disastrous floods in the
state, and the crop outlook is now very
BltlTISH FEEE TKADE
DESPERATE CONDITION OF GREAT
BRITAIN IN '1840.
Popular Error on the Subject in the
Called State Why the Rich Grew
Richer and the Poor Poorer Rapid Im
provement VJader an Improved System.
Avery common but utterly erroneous
idea prevails in this country that Great
Britain only gave up the system tech
nical' y called protection when by means
of this system she bad attained condi
tions of great prosperity and a substan
tial commanding position in manufac
tures and commerce.
The very reverse is true. The pro
toctivs system was given up by Great
Britain under the pre 3s tire of pauperism
and t ankruptcy in which it culminated
in ttas years immediately preceding
1842, when Sir Robert Peel presented
and aimed his first great mersure for
the reform of the British tariff.
The origin of customs in England
was in the time of Edward L Thence
forwaid duties were added and multi
plied, oach rate being devoted to a spe
cific purpose until in 1784 as many as
fifteen separate duties were levied upon
the sane article. In 1787 William Pitt
carried through an act of consolidation
without reducing the number of articles
taxed. This measure left 1,200 articles
subject to duty, and in order to bring
the act into force 3,000 resolutions were
require! in the house of commons. In
1797, however, the laws relating to cus
toms filled six large folio volumes Tin
provided with an index. The great
Bubseqt ent wars rendered nugatory all
Pitt 'a efforts to relieve commerce. Be
tween 1797 and 1815 600 additional acts
were passed, and in fifty-three years of
the reiga of George HI the total number
of acts relating to duties on imports was
1,300. At length taxes became so nu
merous that nothing was left untaxed.
Even premiums offered for the sugges
tion of fresh subjects for taxation failed
to stimulate invention.
In 1&'4, under the lead of Hu&kis
son, sevc ral of the crude materials neces
sary to British industry had been put
into the free list, of which the most im
portant was wool. This change had
worked great benefit to both wool
grower and manufacturer; the price of
domestic wool advanced, while the
manufacturer was enabled to reduce the
cofet of ( oods through the opportunity
given hiti by freedom from taxation on
imported wool to buy, sort and mix his
wool in tie most effective manner.
The fin t decisive step in tariff reform
wasbrou jht about in 1840 by the ap
pointment of a parliamentary committee
at the instance of Mr. Joseph Hume.
The cond .tion of the country was then
desperate. The most concise account
of the case is given in Noble's "Fiscal
Legislaticn of 'Great Britain," but all
authorities Liberal and Tory alike
are substJintially at an agreement upon
this point. It is written that "every in
terest in the country -was alike de
pressed; ia the manufacturing district
mills and workshops were closed and
property c aily depreciated in value; in
the seaports shipping was laid up useless
in harbor; agricultural laborers were
eking out a miserable existence upon
starvation wages and parochial relief;
the revenue was insufficient to meet the
national expenditure; the country was
brought to the verge of national and uni
"The protective system, which was
supported with a view to rendering the
country ii dependent of the foreign
sources of supply, and thtji, it was
hoped, fostering the growth of a home
trade, had most effectually destroyed
that trade ly reducing the entire popu
lation to beggary, destitution and want.
The masses of the population were un
able to procure food, and had conse
quently nothing to 6pend upon British
manufactures. Part of the burden of
taxation rested either upon necessary
articles of food or else upon articles
which were necessary component ma
terials in British industry."
At that vt ry time when the protective
system culminated in the desperate con
ditions of Great Britain in 1840 it will
be observed that it was at the end of a
period of profound peace, which had
lasted over twenty-five years, in which
the personal wealth of the upper classes
in Great Brizain had become immense.
When presenting his first measure of
the tariff rtform Sir Robert Peel re
marked, after stating the deficit aud the
financial difficulties to be met: "You
will bear in mind that this is no casual
and occasion tl difficulty. You will bear
in mind that ihere are indications among
all the upper classes of society of in
creased com'ort and enjoyment, of in
creased prosjerity and wealth, and that
concurrently with these indications
there exists a mighty evil which has
been growing up for the last seven years
and which you are now called upon to
meet." This evil was the increasing
poverty and destitution of the great
mass of the working people. The rem
edy was sought in a redistribution of
the burden of taxation. The tariff then
covered 1,200 separate subjects of taxa
tion, of which seventeen yielded 94 per
cent, of the revenue the rest were petty
obstructions to commerce imposed for
the purpose of protection with inciden
tal revenue. That purpose was not,
however, avoved in these exact terms
at that time, a it has lately in this coun
try by the advocates of McKinleyism.
In the first measure Sir Robert Peel
wholly abated or reduced the duty upon
a consistent i lan on 750 articles, and
also caused a:i income tax of seven
pence on the pound to be put upon
classified incomes, which is a fraction
less than 8 per cent., all incomes below
150 being exempt. From this income
tax he anticipated a revenue of 3,770,
000 in the first year. It yielded 5,100,
000, conclusivel y proving that under the
previous systen. while the poor had been
rapidly reduced to pauperism the rich
had become ric ier.
Like causes p-oduce like effects. Un
der the pretext, of protection to the
miners of this rantry, and especially of
rennsylvania, a duty has long been
maintained upon the import of foreign
iron ores; it is now seventy-five cents a
ton, which is precisely equal to the labor
cost of producing a ton of iron ore in
Pennsylvania according to the sworn
statements of the iron masters of Penn
sylvania, by whom its iron mines are
worked. The result of this system in
the last census year a year of the great
est activity known was that 4,416 iron
miners and workmen secured an income
of $259 each, amounting in all to $1,141,
239. There are iron masters in the state
of Pennsylvania whose single incomes
in a single year have exceeded the whole
sum earned by the protected iron miners.
The effect of the first measure of tariff
reform in Great Britain, that of 1842,
was not immediately perceptible, the
evil effect of the previous conditions be
ing very deep seated; but before 1845
the beneficial influence upon every
branch of industry, agriculture, manu
factures and commerce alike had be
come so manifest that little opposition
was met to Peel's second great act of
tariff reform of 1845, by which 430 arti
cles, consisting of the crude and partly
manufactured materials which entered
into the processes of domestic industry,
were put on the free list, the duties on
the lessening number of dutiable im
ports being at the same time reduced
and adjusted to those new conditions.
In 1846 the Irish famine forced the abate
ment of all taxes on food by orders in
council, subsequently followed by the
repeal of the com law.
In 1847 Sir Robert Peel left office, but
the immense benefits to every branch of
British industry rendered it a compara
tively easy matter to bring the tariff
substantially to its present condition in
1853, coupled with the repeal of the navi
gation laws under the lead of Mr. Glad
stone. Since that date the people of the
United States have been forbidden by
their own acts to compete with Great
Britain in the construction and use of
ocean steamships, while the commercial
supremacy of the latter is insured by
freedom from all restrictions and by
virtue of the protection which is given
by the exemption from taxation on all
the materials used in construction and in
the subsistence of the vessels. Edward
Atkinson in New York Times.
SOME M'KINLEY BILL ACCOUNTS.
Wages Reduced, Factories Closed and
Men Thrown Out of Work.
Credit these to McKinley. They are
a few of the items on one side of the ac
count of the "bravest and wisest of tar
iff measures," the "trust killing tariff,"
as the New York Tribune calls it. This
bill, that does not sustain a "higher rate
of profits, but a higher rate of wages,
as Professor Gunton told the Republic
an club, of New York, a few days ago.
These are some of the items for the
week ending April 15, 1802. When some
loyal Republican has filled out the other
side of the account, so that it will not
look too one sided, we will continue our
April 8 By a strike of 200 girls and
boys in the Dolphin Jute mills at Pater
son, N. J. The Press says "the boys
have been getting $2.50 and the girls $2
a week" in this protected industry.
April 8 By reduction of wages of
puddlers at McDvane & Sons' Plate mill,
Reading, Pa., from $3.75 to $3.50 per
ton, and tho announcement that next
week Seif ert's two rolling mills, employ
ing 800 hands, five miles below Reading,
will close down indefinitely.
April 8 By the determination of the
Furniture and Cabinet Manufacturers'
association to keep their factories closed
until the strikers give up their fight for
April 8 By exactions of the rice trust
which led a committee of rice mer
chants at New Orleans to take steps to
build a rice mill to circumvent the
April 9 By consolidation of the six
cottonseed oil mills of Georgia into the
Georgia Cotton Oil company. The
American Cotton Oil company owns 120
mills; for the purpose of economy those
in each state are being merged into
separate corporations. All of the trust
mills are now reorganized under state
charters except those in South Carolina
April 10 By notice of general reduc
tion of wages in all the furnaces at
Newcastle, Pa. After April 17 the turn
men will be reduced fifteen cents, the
day laborers ten cents and the iron men
three-fourths cent per pound. This will
give the turn men $1.75 and the laborers
$1.35 per day.
April 10 By closing down of the Dol
phin Jute mill at Patereon, N. J., be
cause of the inordinate request of the
boys for $3 and of the girls for $2.50 per
April 10 By strike of 200 electric light
men in New York.
April 10 By strike of twenty helpers
at the Phoenix silk mill, Paterson, N. J.
April 10 By the announcement in The
Tribune that Clans Spreckels cleared
$5,000,000 when he sold his Philadelphia
sugar refinery to the trust, giving the
latter complete control of refined sugar
east of the Rockies.
April 11 By a big marble trust which
The Tribune announces is being formed
in Georgia "to unite all the marble pro
prietorships in the country so that the
output as well as the prices can be regu
lated." The duty on marble averaged
about 50 per cent, under this "trust kill
April 13 By strike of workmen at the
Monitor Iron works at Sing Sing.
April 14 By the announcement that
the whisky trust, whose total earnings
for the year ending March 31, 1892, were
$4,728,827, is to wipe out all opposition
by a temporary reduction of prices.
April 14 By the formation of a trust
composed of the thirty type founders in
the United States.
April 14 By the closing of the Spreck
els enormous sugar refinery by the sugar
trust so as to decrease production and
maintain trust prices.
April 15 By the completion of the
Diamond match trust, it having bought
the Lebanon Match company, of Phila
delphia, for $125,000. This was the last
company to surrender to the trust. The
retail dealers in Philadelphia, upon ad
vices from wholesalers, at once advanced
the price of matches fifty cents per gross.
Shoes and Oxfords
See our line
makes child birth easy.
Colvin, Ia, Dee. 2, 1888. My wife used
MOTHER'S FBXEKD before her third
confinement, and aaya she would not be
without it for hundreds of doU&r.
Sent by express on receipt of price. $1 JO per bot
tle. Book "To Mothers "mailed free.
BRADFIBLO REGULATOR CO
roil uu u. rauMiira. ATLJUTTA, OA.
OLD ST H&3TZ B&HHSBS
IT WILL NOT
IF YOU TAKaT
$500 Reward for any
injurious substance forma
Will Cur any
Modct refunded If not
as we siy. Sent postpaid
on receiptor pries,
NORMAN LIOHTY. FAMILY OHIIIIST.
Das Molnaa. Iowa.
For sale b? all droggistt. Ha.ru & Babnsen.
Chicago, Minneapolis and St. Paul
Vis tin Funoos Albert Lm Urate,
St. Louis, Minneapolis and St. Paul
Via St. Louis, aUnnespolis 4 St. Paul Short Line.
Through Sleepers and Chair Cars
KANSAS CITY, MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. PAUL,
PEORIA, CEDAR RAPI0S ANU SIOUX FALLS, DAK.
CHICAGO AND CEDAR RAPIDS
Vis the Famous Albert Lea Boots.
THE SHORT LINE
fc SPIRIT LAKE (TT
The Graat Iowa Summer Resort.
For Railway and Hotel Rates, Descriptive
Pamphlets and all Information, address
Geul Ticket and Passeuger Agent.
FB CHEAP HOMES
On line or this road In Northwestern Iowa,
Southeastern Minnesota and Central Dakota,
where drought and crop failures are unknown.
Thousands of choice acres of land yet unsold.
Local Excursion rates given. For full informa
tion as to prices of land and rates of tare, address
Uenl Ticket aud Passenger Agent
All of the Passenger Trains on aM Divisions of
this Hallway are heated by steam from the
engine, and the Main Line Dav Passenger Trails!
are lighted with the Electric Light,
Maps, Time Tables, Through Kates and an hv
formation furnished on application to Agents.
Tickets on sale over this route at all prominent
points in the Union, aud by its Agents, to at
parts of the Cuited States aud Canada.
OFor announcements of Excursion Rates,
ana local matters of interest, please refer to the
local columns of this paper.
C. J. IVES. .'. C. HANNEOAM,
rrei't GenT 8apt Ofln'l Tkt Pass. Aft
CEDAR RAPIDS. IOWA.
Children Cry for
of Oxfords at $1.00 and $1.50.
WE ARE ALWAYS IN IT WITff
THE FINEST OF
Bread, Cakes, Buns and Pies
In the city.
- Delivery wagons always on the road. Parties desirous of
having them stop at their residences, will please notifj ti
same at onr premises.
MUNROE, DeRUE & ANDERSON.
For CHOICE MEATS Go
H. Treman & Sons,
Poultry n , m , Oysters
and Pork Packers. and
Came. Lake Fish.
All telephone orders promptly filled . Telephone Ne. 1103. 1 17tX) Third Ae
-ALL ENDS OF-
Cast Iron Work
done. A specialty of faraishlnf aL kind
of Stores witli Castings at 8 sent
A MACHINE SHOP
baa bees added where all kinds of machine
work will be done first-class.
NINTH ST. AND 7th AVE.
DOWNING BROS., Propts.
Boots and Shoes
Twentieth St., Rock Island-
All goods marked in plain fig.
tires, which will convince
yon that they are the
T. H. THOMAS, Sole Agent,
Bock Island. HI.
jTCM Absoluts; ovnieA ,
I Wm will not cause fWl
I Jrl STRICTURE, ask fob I "ij I
lfC. I Bio Q mo pain, no STAIM.IJ I
1 FULL INSTRUCTIONS WITH EACH fl?f I
1 eoTTic at All DRiraoMTa, C I
tJLb. Central Chemical Co
Caioaco and Feoria. g S-
to . .
ta i- it ttmtit r"T!RED.
Nooperat'on.' Nopsln. Nodarger. .0
detention from bn;nen- ,f
PILES CVRKi wltnoui p'n, 'Y
TYR. A. L. DE SOUCIIET
The Rapture Specialist, of Chicago, or h i
Clave win w
.Bennett. sa in(J : Di-
SweeUand. Highland Park, 111.,
I 2 3
I I 0 a 8
3 g 0 I & co
13 0 o
I 0 Q
Menaces: A. B. Brltto.4055 A??"
Cbicag 1 ; Geo. M