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THfi AKGUS FRIDAY, MAY 0, 1892.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
AGE OF THE BAGPIPE.
IT DATES FROM TWO CENTURIES
BEFORE THE CHRISTIAN ERA.
Once I'sed by Many People, It Is Mow
AlmoHt Exclusively the Favorite la
trnment of the Scotch Highlander.
Effect of the Flagplpe in "War.
. The bagpipe, is an instrument of un
doubted antiquity, in one ior other of its
forms; this has been proved in many ways.
A representation of a pair of bagpipes was
found in the ruins of Tarsus, which dated
at least t wo centuries before the Christian
era; tney resembled in many ways our
modern bagpipe, and each consisted of a
pipe and blow-up skin. It is very doubtful
whence the bagpipe is derived; some people
maintain it had its origin in Italy, others
in Greece, and others again say the Daces
first played it. But some very reliable au
thorities on the subject, including Mr.
Penan t, who has given us some very good
proofs, assure us that Italy or Greece is the
probable place, but that blowing it by
means of the mouth was first introduced
by the Danes.
Queen Elizabeth was very fond of it, and
in the court she retained a special niner.
Inthe Highlands the earliest notice of the
bagpipe was about the year 15W, and we
find nothing that might lead us to imagine
that they were used before that time; and
even nearly a hundred years later the bag
pipe was considered to make such an un
ruly and boisterous noise (as indeed some
people have the bad taste to think it does
so still) that in the year 1630, in the town
of Aberdeen, the magistrates forbade the
piper playing either night or morning
in the streets, "it being an incivil forme
to be usit within sic a famous burg he,
and being often found fault with als well
be sundrie neighbours of the toune as be
But shortly after this time the bagpipe
came into general favor, especially in the
Highlands, and the Highlanders got so
fond of it that it was heard everywhere in
Scotland, and from that time has become
almost exclusively a Scotch instrument.
A number of European countries have got
their special kind of bagpipe, but the
Scotch, Irish, Italian and German are the
principal ones. The Irish bagpipe is cf
great antiquity. We hear of tbem in the
year 140, and they seemed to have been in
use long before that time, but whence they
got their origin it is not certain. There are
two kinds of Scotch bagpipes Highland
and Lowland. The Highland pipes are the
loudest kind of bagpipes, and when played
in a room the noise they make is almost
aeaiemng. iney are, nowever, plavecl a
great deal on the hills, and sound well
At the time when the harp and horn
"were familiar In Scotland the pipes were
heard a great deal in the Lowlands vf
Scotland and in England. Now the bag
pipes are rarely heard in England, and not
often in the .Lowlands of Scotland, while
In the Highlands they are to be beard near
ly all day long. , ' , .
It is very amusing to see how the bag
pipe is sometimes taught in the High
lands. A well known tutor, who disdains
to bother his head about minims, trot-
cneis, etc., nujs.- nere, iwuaiu, man, .bkc
your pipes and gi e us a Wast-so W ,
rol 1 i rw 1 nal hli T what- a atu rH Il-.ti n I . I I
:V ' " " .
wiinoui Beiiser jou may oiow rorever .
witnout making a tune oi it, iqohi tell
ywu uuw iU queer luu.gs ou lue paper
must, neip you. xou see mat. mg lenow -
from that line to this, while you beat one
with your foot and gi'e a long blast. If
now you put a leg to him you make two of
him, and he will move twice as fast. If
you blacken his face be will run four times
as fast; and if, after blackening his face,
you bend his run or tie his leg, he will hop
eight times faster than the first white
faced fellow I showed you. Now, Donald,
whenever you blow your pipes, remember
that the tighter those fellows' legs are tied
the faster they will run."
Thin nnv nf t uti'i ncr ia nk nnlif vav
. t i . . J I
although I question whether it would coin- 1
rlA altncrMlipr with a. tnnBi.inr,' Mo. r.t
"time" , portant to have sime convenient means of
The'attachment of the Highlander to his comparing skulU of different kinds. To
national music when played on the bag- compare measure nents taken in one direc
pipes is extraordinary; instances of this tlo,n onl-v 001 rse eives no results of
have often been noted. Thus, at the battle . va'ue' tbna t01 that one skull is nine
of Quebec, in 1760, the British troops were nd nether is .iight inches long tells
retiring in great disorder, and the general ;
i..;.i . fr, .t,i,.i .,,i '
of his qorps. "Sir." lie said gravely, "you
did very wrong in forbidding the pipers to
play this morning. Nothing encourages j
the Highlanders so much on the day of j
action; nay, even now it would be of use."
"Let them blow like the devil, then," re
plied the general, "if it will bring back the
The order was then given to play some
well known Highland pioroch, and no
sooner had the soldiers heard the sound
; than tbey formed themselves in the rear
with wonderful alacrity.
A number of people dislike thebagpipes;
some really dislike the sound of them. To
these I have nothing to say. I suppose
they cannot help it; it is their misfortune,
not their fault. There are others who
laugh at the bagpipes laugh, not because
they really dislike the sounds they emit,
but because they imagine they ought to
The following quotation from Mr. Mc
Donald's preface tc the "Ancient Martial
Music of Scotland" is well worth reprint
ing, and with this I will close. Speaking
oi tne H ighland oagpipes ne sayK.r"in in-
halls ,-.f y.v and in the scenes of mourning
it has prevailed; it has animated her war
riors in battle and welcomed them back
after their toils to the homes of their love
and the hills of their nativity. Its strains
were first sounded on the ears of infancy,
and they are the last to be forgotten In the
wanderings of age.
"Even the Highlander will allow that K
is not the gentlest of instruments; but, when
far from their mountain homes, what
sounds, however melodious, could thrill
rouna tneir neaix use tne uursi oi tneir
own native pipe?" Again he says: "Need
it be told here to how many fields' of
. '..:.-. 1..
Lrtest U. S. Gov't Report
led? XDee-ls not a Dattie nonoraoie to
Britain in which its war blast has not
sounded. When every other instrument
has been hushed by the confusion and
carnage of the scene, it has been borne
into the thick of battle; and far in the ad
vance its bleeding but devoted bearer,
sinking on the earth, has sounded at once
au encoum geiuent to his countrymen and
his own coronach." North British Adver
The First Atlantic Steamer.
The first steamship that crossed the At
lantic was the Savannah in 1810. It took
that ancient vessel twenty-five days to make
the voyage. It was not until t&K) that a
regular lin! of transatlantic steamers was
established by the British and American
Royal Mail Steam Packet company. New
SnaKea in Ireland.
In 1S31 M ". James Cleland, an Irish gen
tleman, bei lg curious to ascertain whether
the climate or soil of Ireland was natural
ly destruct.ve to the serpent tribe, pur
chased half a dozen of the common harm
less English snake (Xatrix torquata) in
Covent Garden market in London. Bring
ing them to Ireland he turned them out in
his garden at Kath-gael in the county of
Down, and in a week afterward one of
them was killed at Milecross, about three
miles distant. The persons into whose
hands this strange monster fell had not
the slightest suspicion that it was a snake,
but considering it a curious kind of eel
they took it to Dr. J. L. Drummond, a
celebrated Irish naturalist, who at once
pronounced t he animal to be a reptile and
not a fish. The idea of a "rale living sar-
pmt" having been killed within a short
distance of vhe very burial place of SL
Patrick caus"d an extraordinary sensation
of alarm amcng the country people.
The most absurd rumors were freely cir
culated and t redited. One farseeing cler
gyman preached a sermon in which he
cited this unfortunate snake as a token of
the immediate commencement of the mil
lennium; while another saw in it a type of
the approacL of cholera morbus. Old
prophecies Wire raked up and all parties
and sects for once united in believing that
the snake fort shadowed "the beginning of
the end," though they very widely dif
fered as to what that end woujd be. Some
more practice 1 minded persons, however.
subscribed a considerable sum of money,
which they olfered in rewards for the de
struction of a ay other snakes that might
be found in the district, and three more of
the snakes wee not long afterward killed
within a few miles of the garden where
they were lilx rated. The remaining two
snakes were i ever very clearly accounted
for. Book of Days.
The Pride of Queen Bess.
Of Queen I: ess, that much be ruffled
royal lady, it Las often been recorded that
Bhe was extravagantly fond of fans, and
upon no gift of obsequious subjects did
she more ge ierously bestow imperial
willing acceptance than when a fan was
laid at her feet, such tribute to exhaust
less desire wa- more likely than aught
else to secure a passing smile or word of
One of the must celebrated portraits of
Elizabeth indicates this preference, as in
hpr rii'ht. Vinnrl ia liolr) n T-mirwl fj.i.tVwi. fnn
apparelltiy nnd.!r criticism, but a gratify
jng ownership, w may be judged from the
obvious sereuitv of expression, altogether
ainerent from time "seasons of resentful
minu indulged in by the virgin ruler.
Ah if one coc ld but know what in tu.
VVLS activities teethed through her busv
brain under jts soothing, mollifying influ
encesl "A treasury of fans" had Queen
.Bess, some were imam with precious
gems, others revived the touch of dainty
Handicraft from brush or pencil: upon oth
ers were rich la s from over sea, or with
brave show of brilliant needlework made
glad the heart cf this resistless collector,
for it is written f her that she could never
see one in the ha ids of another without ex
pressing her desire for ownership. It is
written that her collection was large.
Tr. Schmidt Cranial Modulus.
. 9ne ? the :hief . j" 01 6tuJy in Pnys-
anthropology is the skull, and it is im-
Authors aocordir ely devised the cranial
iex, found by dividing the lentrth of the
"kull into the breidth and expressing the
result decimally. If the skulls had but
two dimensions this index would be satis
factory: as it is, it is not perfect. A new
index was devised which should take ac
count of the height of the skulL the
height being divi led by the length and
the result expressed decimally.
By a combination of these two indices a
fair idea of the sk ill would be given, but
in a" comparison of the indices of a number
of skulls great dilficulty arises. One ex
pression is what i t desired. After much
careful study and experimental work Pro
fessor Schmidt wo-ked out the modulus;
the length, breadth and height are meas
ured and their arithmetical mean is taken.
Professor Fredeiick Starr in Popular
Velocity of u Cannon Ball.
The highest veloc ty ever given to can
n on ball is estimated at 1,636 feet per sec
ond, being equal to a mile in 8.2 seconds.
The velocity of the earth at the equator.
due to Ug Uon on it8 ie ji000 mUes
b or a mile j n 3 seconds. There-
fore, if a cannon ba 1 were fired due west.
and could maintain its initial velocity, it
wonld beat t he sun in his apparent journey
around the earth.) ankee Blade.
I A Pending Clal
1 There isan old won an in West Washing-
on named Kearney. Her husband was a,
Union soldier. Duriig the rebellion the
Federal troops encair ped about her place
.nd took all her live stock and other mor
,1 nronertv. valued at 820.000. She has
been asking congrest for repayment ever
GOT A HINT FROM AMERICA.
The Trouble Over Irish Newspapers at
Dublin, May 20. The troubles in the
Irish Nationalist party over the purchase
of The National Press by the directors of
The Freeman's Journal, were settled Wed
nesday night at a private meeting. Des
patches has been received from America
intimating that discord exhibited during
the past two days among the Nationalists
was causing great harm and diminishing
the confidence of the friends of Ireland,
and earnestly urging a settlement of the
affair. Yesterday when the directors and
shareholders inet all was harmony.
Healy Surprises Them.
Gray moved that John Dilion be ap
pointed chairman of The Freeman's joint
stock company. Healy, to the surprise of
those not in the secret of the peace, or
armistice, seconded the motion, which was
carried almost unanimously. This result
is considered a surrender on the part of
Healy, who had expected, with the in
fluence of Archbishop Walsh sustaining
him, to be able - to stamp out all op
position. HE SHOULD BE SATISFIED.
A Would-Be Sniciile Causes the Death of
Another Man. -
St. Ixuis, May 20. Abraham Guins-
burg, a Russian Jew, sat down on the pub
lic stairway of the new Globe-Democrat
building yesterday and swallowed a large
quantity of arsenic. His cries of agony
soon attracted a large crowd. Edward U
Moffat and John Morgan, with others, who
were witnessing the sufferings of the
would-be snicide from a temporary stair
way, were dashed to the cellar thirty feet
below by the giving wav of the structure.
Moffat was instantly killed, while Mor-
gau sustained severe injuries. Guinzburg
will probably recover.
Howling Boar, an old l:i lian chief, pre
dicts a general famine in this country
within two years.
Hon. John A. Andersen, who represent
ed the First Knnsas district in empress for
twelv-s years, died at Liverpool. Eng.
Thirty saddle horses whic'i has b?en
collected for the Oakland stables of Chi
cago were burned to death in the Metro
politan stables at Hot Springs, Ark.
An association has been incorporated bv
the millers of Canada for the pu pose of
extending their flour markets in Europe
and of obtaining cheaper rates of ship
The counting of the silver currency of
Austro-Hungary has shown that the stock
is i.lo,000,0OJ sterling, an amouut much
less than has generally been credited to
An association of American authors lias
been formed at New York whose object in
general is to promote the interests of liter
ary workers. Ihomas entworth Hiu-
ginson was elected president.
Lord Salisbury's declarations in a speech
at Hastings in favor of a retaliatory pro
tective policy have created a furore in
Engish political circles. They are
severely criticised by The Times and Stan
Sexton "Does Himself Proud."
Loxdox, May 20. Sexton made one i f
the finest speeches of his life in the house
of commons yesterday in opposition to the
government's Irish local government bill.
His arraignment of the Tory administra
tion was full of sarcasm and invecfive.
The entire speech was listened to by both
Bides of the house. Conservatives as well
as Liberals seeming to enjoy this piece of
Didn't Think or the Itaby.
Carthage, Mo., May 20. A woman
named Bryan heard of the catastrophe
Wednesday at which- Superintendent
Koach and others were killed at the Troup
mine, and wrapping her baby in bed cloth
ing ran with it to the scene. Finding her
husband safe she looked at the baby and
fonnd that it had been smothered to death
in her arms.
Blaine a Grandfather Again.
NEW Yoke, May 20. A daughter was
born to Mr. and Mrs. Walter Damrosch
Wednesday afternoon. Inquirers at the
Damrosch home were told that both were
doing very well indeed. Mr. Damrosch is
taking his orchestra about the country at
Didn't Waste Their Fowder.
Maeysville, Cal., May 20. A colored
picnic which took place two miles from
this city Tuesday, closed with a shooting
affray in which one man was killed, an
other - fatally wounded, another seriously
f hot. The crime was the result of jeal
ously about a girl.
What is lacking is truth
and confidence. :
If there were absolute truth
on the one hand and absolute
confidence on the other, it
wouldn't be necessary for the
makers of Dr. Sage's Catarrh
Remedy to back up a plain
statement of fact by a $500
They say -"If we can't
cure yeni ( make it personal,
please,) of catarrh in the head,
in any form or stage, we'll pay
you S500 for your trouble in
making the trial."
"An advertising fake," you
Funny, isn't it, how some
people prefer sickness to
health when the remedy is
positive and the guarantee
Wise Tr.en don't put money
back of " fakes."
And " faking " doesn't pay.
Magical little granules
those tiny, sugar-coated Pel
lets of Dr. Pierce scarcely
larger . than mustard seeds,
yet powerful to cure active
yet mild in operation. The
best Liver Pill ever invented
Cure sick headache, dizziness,
constipation. One a dose. ;
THE TRAVELERS' GUIDE.
CHICAGO, BOCK ISLAND A PACIFIC KAIL-
wa;vcnn vuiu.i - .
flrst street. Frank H. Plnmmer, agent.
Council Bluffs Hinneso-1 I
taDav Express I ! 1 :06ara 4
Kansas City Day Express... ill tfOpm 6
Washington Express 1 2 ;8 j pro : 8
ta i.x--e I i 7:15 am 7f50 pm
umana ana Denver v em- i
bule ixprees 1 4 44 am (
Kansas City Limited . .. .', A:i am I0
Stuart and i atalle Expres) 6.45 pm 9
Uenver rlyer - 11:48 am S
'Dally. IQoing eal. Wing west.
BURLINGTON RoDl E C, B. V. RAJLr
way Depot First avenue and Sixteenth St.,
M.J. Yonng, agent.
St. Louis Kxpresa
St. Louis iCxpross
St. Paul Express
Way Freight (Monmouth) .
Ft: Paul Exprers
ft 4 Tin:
7 o am
8 45 pm
10 81 am
8 :00 am
CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE ST. PAUL RAIL
way Racine A Southwestern Division De
pot Twentieth street, between First and Second
ayenue, E. D. W. Holmes, agent.
Man and Kxpresa. ......
n. Paul Exprt-ts
ft. A Accommodation...
Ft. ft Accommodation..
ROCK ISLAND A PEORIA RAILWAY DB
pot First avenue and Twentieth alreet. F.
Fast Mall Express
M06T DIRXCT ROUTE TO THE
East. South and Southeast.
10 :39 ami
Lt. Rock Island.
Cam Bridge ...
4 :6T pm
i -on n
l 7:85 am
j 1U iu piu
Lt. Peoria .....
Ar. Rock Island
10:15 ami 4:10 pm
1:30 pm! 7:80 pm
Accommodation trains leave Rock Js'and at
8:00a. m. and 6 45 d. m: arnve at Peoria 1:45 n.
m. and 9:30 a.m. leave Peojia 8:00 a. m. and
7:15 p. m; arrive Rock Island 4:00 p. m. and 8:05
All trains ran dsily except Sunday.
All passe - ger trains arrive and depart Union
Free Cbaircaron Fast Express between Rock
Is'ond and Peoria, both directions.
Through tickets lo all points; baggage checked
tnrongn u qestination.
; 10.20 am
4.00 pmi 6.81 am
5.06 pm 7.30 am
Lt. Rock Island.
5.40 pm I 8 05 am
" Bock island..
A on mm It 'CI nir
. n., . .
7.55 ami 8.00 pn
Geu'l Tkt. Aget
ONAOJUUIirED WITH THE OEOSMPHT OF THIS COUNTRY Wilt 06TUI
HU8H VALUABLE WRWUATIOK FROM k STUDY OF THIS HA? OF THE
CMcaf o, Boct Islaai & Pacific Br,
The TMrert Route to and from Chicago, Jollet, Ottsva,
Peoria, La Ballr, Moline, Rack Island, In ILLINOIS;
Davenport, Muscatine, OUumwa, Oskaloosa, Sea
Moines, Winterset, Audubon, Harlan and Council
Bluds, in IOWA; Minneapolis and Bt. Paul, in MIX
KESOTA; Watertown and Sioux Falls, in DAKOTA;
Cameron, St. Joseph and Kansas City, in MISSOURI ;
Omaha, Lincoln. Fairbury and Nelson, in NEBRASKA)
Atchison, Leavenworth, Horton, Topeka, Hutchinson.
Wichita, Belleville, Abilene, Dodge City, Caldwell, in
KANSAS; Kingfisher, El Reno and illnco, in INDIAN
TERRITORY; Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo,
iu COLORADO. Traverses new areas of rich farming
and grazing lands, affording the best facilities of inter
communication to all towns and cities east and west,
northwest and southwest of Chicago and to Pacific and
VESTIBULE EXPRESS TRAINS
Leading all competitors In splendor of equipment,
between CHICAGO and DE3 MOINES, COUNCIL
BLUFFS and OMAHA, and between CHICAGO aud
DENVER, COLORADO SPRINGS and PUEBLO, via
KANSAS CITY and TOPEKA and via ST. JOSEPH.
Flrst-CUua Dav Coaches, FREE RECLINING CHAIR
CARS, and Palace Sleepers, with Dining Car (Service.
Close connections at Denver and Colorado Springs with
diverging railway lines,, now forming the new sod
TRANS-ROCKY MOUNTAIN ROUTE
Over which superbly-equipped trslna ran dally
THROUGH WITHOUT CHANGE ta and from Batt
Lake City, Ogdeo and Ban Fnclsco. THE ROCK
ISLAND is also the Direct aner Favorite Line to and
from Manitou, Pike's Peak and all other sanitary and
scenic resort, and cities and mining districts in Colorado.
: DAILY FAST EXPRESS TRAINS
From Bt Joseph and Kansas City to and from all Im
portant towns, dUts and section, in Southern Kehnmka.
Kansas and the Indian Territory. Also via ALBERT
LEA ROUTE from Kansas City and Chicago to Water
town, Sioux Falls, MINNEAPOLIS and ST. PAUL,
esonectiong for all point! north and northwest between
the lakes and the Pacific Coast.
For Tickets, Maps, Folders, or desired Information
apply to any Coupon Ticket Office la the United States
or Canada, or address
E. ST. JOHN, JOHN SEBASTIAN,
Gf. Manager. . Genl Tkt A Pass. Agt,
.' ' CHIC. O. JU
-ay ) feuna am
1 I GEO, P.
BtmaAO m 6prao
F treaty, where advw
t mat aootrsato may
arte m 4 w
6:C5 am ! 7 : B pm
2:40 pm; 1.25 pm
9:10 am 8:00 pm
4:00pm! 8:06 am
This firm have the exclusive sale for this county of the
PieirOS ard Organs,
WEBER, 8TTJ YVES ANT, DECKED BROS., WHEEL0CK.
ESTEY, AND CAMP & CO.'S PIANOS,
And the ESTEY, "WESTERN COTTAGE and FAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
fa also of email Musical merchandise. We have in our emoloy a tr' st p-.,.c -vte
Ladies, we wish to call your attention ot the
grandest display of OXFORDS ever shown in
this vicinity, which includes all the new styles.
Our goods are made by the best manufac
turers and are noted for their perfect fit, style
Ask to see
Bootee. gggfX 0ut
CARSE & CO.,
1622 Second Ave.
Are You Incredulous?
You say you take very
Little stock in
DON'T BLAME YOU.
We are that way
Their's lots of chaff in
Occasionally you find
GOLDEN GRAINS OF
WHEAT. As good as
Gold and better than
Wheat are the.
U". 114 West
PROTECT YOUR EYESj.
MR. H- HIRSCHBERG- .
The weli-known Optician of t W::t
(S. E. cor. Tihand Olive i. St. . ti
arpolntedT fl.Thoma-ss a?-;::
celcbra-ea Diamcnrt Sii-c:ac.f iS'l Er
glaex, and also for hi!- Diai "i d a
Changcable tpectaclts ai.d Eyti' "
The e'aet-es are the srtati .tvenJon
ever made in spectacle!. Hy a ?
construction of the Lei.s a p rot
chasing a iair of tho-e Nou 5i"
Glasses never has to chane iu-.sf '',T
from the eves, snd even- ta r ; v.m
i guatante'ed, so that if they eft
tbeeyer (no matter how or :ri'f :.ca .M
Lenses are) they will furai-t 'if P
with a new pair of t ias free
T. H.THOMAS haa fu . --r.mi:E
and invites ail to sitltfv ta.-.rrt
of Ihe preat suj.eri.mty of t ii.s';.
over an and ail others now :. ea
and examine the saaic at T.ii. iffl..
drogint and optician. Koc i -' -
No Peddler Supplied
BARGAINS we offer this
Week in CLOAKS,
Weather has been most
Unfavorable as you
Doubtless know, ana we
Have too large a stock
Which must be reduced,
Hence the VERY LOW
PRICES FOR THIS
Second Street, Davenport.