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Fabltohed Daily and Weekly at 124 Second
Avenue, Keck Island. III.
J. W. Potter,
Tbbbs Dally, gOe per month; Weekly. $8.00
All Commanleattnna ff a rrifir&t fir renmnitE
tlve chatacter, political or religious, must haw
real name attached for publication. No nch
article wtll be printed oyer fictitious signatures.
Anonymous communications not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from every township
! adcx uianu conniv.
Fkidat. May 27. 1893
DKBOt'HATlt' HTATE Tlt'KK I".
For Governor JOHN P ALTGELD
ForCorjgnssman at large JOHN c BLACK
rorlongreaeman at large.. ANDREW J HUNTER
For Lieutenant Govtrnor JOSEPH B tilLL
for Secretary or State WM H HI. MUCH SEN
For Auditor DAVID OCRS
ForTreasnrer RUFU9 Ji RAMs-KV
For Attorney General M T MOLONEY
Wonderful progress bas been made
in this country of late years in teaching
the duaab to speak. Last year articula
tion was taught to 4.235 pupils.
A Philadelphia who had to answer
for contempt of court in failing to an
swer a grand jury subpoena, mt.de the
excuse that he bad a lot of wood to saw.
St. Locis Republic: ir Benjimin
Harrison had the pride of ancestry to
which he is entitled he would withdraw
as a candidate for renomination. No
other American president standing for a
second term was ever subjected to such
humiliation as is Harrison when be is
held in abeyance for one of his subordi
nates to give his consent.
The report of the director of the mint
reveals that from Feb. f, 1891. to April 1,
1892, the exports of eold at the port of
New York exceeded the imports by f 40,
000,000. "And yet," says the Chicago
Times, commenting on the Showing,
'there are those who believe the balance
of trade is paid in' this metal. The im
ports of the United States have been less
than the exports for many years, and ac
cording to the theory of protection there
should be a constant fl w of gold in tbi s
direction to settle the balance of trade.
But the contrary is the case, and still the
fool-killer fails to note the balance of
A POOR EXCHANGE.
Chicago Herald: Cotgressman Ca
ble is a candidate for national commit
teeman from Illinois, acd his friends
say he will easily win the prize. Al
ready, it is understood, one ha'f of
the delegation to the national conyen
tion is pledgtd to his support, and not
much difficulty is anticipated in getting
four or five mere votes, or a clear
majority. Though a Morrison man. Ca
ble is making this race on his own
strength and popularity. He has wide
acquaintance among the public men
of the day, and his admirers say be
wculd make a capital representative of
Illinois democracy on the national committee.
-Congressman Boclette, of Maine,
who is a close friend, says that nothing
can stop the nomination of Blaine at
Minneapolis and that he has consented to
allow the use of his name. If that be
true, there will be a general hustling in
the direction of the Blaine band wagon.
Yet Son Russell's illustrated publication
continues to caricature all other aspi
rants and possibilities for the Minneap
olis nomination. This feature alone of
the Harrison endeavor is one ot the most
disgraceful incidents that has ever attend
ed a presidential canvass. That the presi
dent of the United States should so far
forget the dignity of the great office to
which the American people have elevated
him as to countenance a spiteful
abuse and attempt to smut other republi
cans who may be thought of in connec
tion with tbe office be holds is a sad com
mentary on American politics and meth
ods, and it is a happy thought tb.it it is
not of frequent occurrence.
The School Uw and Its friends.
The politicians acd machine oilers of
the republican party have agreed that the
attitude of the party in its rigid defense
of the compulsory education law was a
glaring mistake. That original position,
however, was previously dictated by tbe
voters, the rank and file of tbe party, who
have not yet experienced a change of
heart and who are now silent simply be
cause they have hal no organization
upon that issue and no chance to be
heard. It will be found during the pres
ent campaign that some republican speak
ers who have inherent antipathy to the
parochial school will not swallow the gag
tbe leaders have prepared for them and
with their voices will sustain the present
unjust compulsory law. Their utter
ances will be applauded by their re
publican hearers, too. That speaker to
a republican audience who makes the
moat radical reference t tbe two-faced
and time-serving policy as laid down by
his party leaders will receive the loudest
cheering. If a rate were taken today
among republicans exclusively the pres
ent compulsory education law would be
sustained by an overwhelming majority.
It was the vote of Lict. Gov. Ray a can
dldate for re-election, that prevented its
repeal by the last legislature. Small
wonder then that the German Lutherans
of the state put no faith in the vote
catching promises of the republican plat
form, and will place their 60.000 votes
almost solidly with the democracy and
its established and known attitude upon
the propositions that the parent is the na
tural guardian of the child, and that the
state is not the sole interpreter of what
constitutes a school.
Coughing leads to consumption.
Kemp's Balaam will atop the cough at
tECIFROCITY ON ONE HAND, RE
TALIATION ON THE OTHER.
Wlille Coquetting with South American
Conn tries Tfe May Lose Oar Immense
Trade with Canada, Where We Have a
Bala ice of 820,000,000 in Onr Favor.
A hundred years ago Thomas Jeffer
son dee lared for "Peace, commerce and
honest friendship with all nations en
tangling alliance with none." This has
been or e of the guiding principles of our
solons, and because of it we have had
few serious difficulties with foreign na
tions. To be sure the protective system,
fastened npon us in 1861, has done much
to destroy our commerce with the rest
of the world. But then it treated all
nations alike, and besides it was a policy
which, while it has injured most other
nations slightly, has been a veritable
curse or our own people. Hence so long
as we do not complain others surely
6honld not do so, though they may pity
us for ot r shortsightedness.
But tlis new f angle J economic doc
trine ca'led "reciproctfy," which has
been hi ched up with "protection,"
while it may induce a few other nations
to lower their duties and untax their
people, aid can do us but little harm by
taxing fenr or five articles, makes a rad
ical dep-.rture from Jefferson's sound
policy, which already threatens to in
volve us :n serious commercial difficul
ties that may later lead to open hostili
ties. Tho attempts to coerce foreign na
tions to c lange their revenue policy and
the discrimination made against many
countries have alreadv produced com
plaints atd threats. The Independence
Beige has contained a number of articles
by Senor Ibane, accusing the United
States of nnjust designs upon South
America. In one of them he savs:
"That the reciprocity treaty with
Brazil wa wrested from Senor Fonseca
by illegitimate means; that the Uuited
States orenly supported Balmaceda
against the national rising in order to
ODiam iron Chili a commercial treatv
wholly iu iavor of tho North American
Union; thnt the Republican party will
renew it w th fresh vigor if the Demo
crats do not oust it from power; that it
will likewi e attempt to coerce Argen
tina unles.- the latter combines with
Brazil and Chili to resist Yankee en-croachmc-rr."
He then ippeals to the countries of
western Europe to combine with South
American countries to resist the com
mercial designs of the United States.
This is only one of the many manifesta
tions of a spirit of resentfnlness that is
growing on- of this mischief working
policy. On 3 or two of the South Ameri
can countri- s that have made treaties of
reciprocity already fool dissatisfied and
threaten to annul them. The blighting
effect upon commerce between the Uni
ted States and Canada, t f the McKinley
bill, and t le unceremonious way in
which we refused to treat with the
Canadian tiiplomats pent here twice
since the adoption of reciprocity now
seems likely to lead to a tariff war with
Canada. Our trade with this country
exceeds our -rude with all other coun
tries of the v.-estern continent. And be
sides, it is the only one of these countries
in which the balance of trade is in our
favor. If our bungling attempt to prop
up the decaying system of "protection"'
with "recip-ocity" impairs our com
merce with Canada it will do more in
jury here th-.n it could possibly do good
We extract the following from the
New York Times of April 2S:
Signs are growing that a tariff war
with Canada may not be much longer
delayed. There have been whisperings
of this prosp x t since the McKinley bill
shut out thit market from Canadian
fanners. The people across the border
long ago learned to make allowances for
campaign ue?ds in this country, and
stood snubbii g good naturedly so long
as it did not affect trade. Now that their
pockets are touched, they feel like hit
ting back. Taey sold 11,000,000 bushels
of barley here every year until the pres
ent tariff caiae into force. Now thev
sell 2,000,000 bushels. In return they
bought our manufactures.
The impression has been fostered by
the high tari f men that Canada would
be the gainer by a trade arrangement be
tween the two countries. Figures show
the contrary. It appears, indeed, that
the balance of t rade has been very largel y
in favor of the United States. Any re
taliatory legislation by the Dominion
government would hit American manu
facturers mncL more seriously than the
McKinley bill affects Canadian fanners.
In discussing yesterday the prospect of
such retaliation, a gentleman who has
made a thorough study of our commer
cial relations with Canada, both from
,the United Stites and the Dominion
'point of view, taid:
"It can be sh )wn that the clauses of
the McKinley tariff which affect our
commerce witt Canada, and the condi
tions of the rec procity measure which
exclude that country from its operations,
are unjustifiable and impolitic and com
pletely subversive of the very objects
which the vaunted joint policy professes
"If the actual position of this com
merce warrants and. sustains the propo
sition much mi -chief may result from
persistence in a policy of exclusiveness
toward the Uaited States' northern
neighbors, a poll -y which must undoubt
edly imperil and will inevitably greatly
curtail a natural trade, which, even in
its present hampered conditions, is of
more real value to this country than can
be reasonably expected from all the
reciprocity treaties which have been ar
ranged. Ab already s sown, tho value of the
imports into Canada from the United
State during the year ending June 80,
1890, was 160,449,366, of which there was
'entered for cot sumption' $52,281,973.
The value of the merchandise imported
into the United States from Canada was
f39,043,977, of which there was 'entered
for consumption' f32.416.15G, showing
that Canada purchased from the United
States for its own consumption during
that year, in excess of like purchases by
the United States from Canada, $19.
875,817. "The imports into the United States
may be summarized as follows:
Raw prod acts of the farm, the forest,
the rivers and the fisheries..... $2?,on0,000
Manufactures and miscellaneous... . 22o!27a
"The imports into Canada from the
Raw products of the firm, the forest,
the rivers and the fisheries $28,942,806
Manufactures, as per table furnished. 2'53l497
"For the better understanding of this
important subject other tables may be
furnished, all tending to establish tha
following facts as existing at the time of
the enactment of the McKinley tariff:
"1. That Canada's purchases of prod
uce and merchandise from the United
States were over CO per cent, larger in
value than those of the United States
"2. That the exports of manufactured
goods from the United States to Canada
amounted to about f2a,000,000 during
the year ending June 30, lf90, and
formed more than one-seventh part of
erar enure exports ot this class of goods
to all foreign countries, our whole ex
ports of those for that year amounting
"3. That, taking the whole of Can
ada's imports of raw products and mer
chandise into consideration, the average
rate of customs duties on imports from
the United States was much lower than
the average rate on imports from Great
"4. That even on manufactured goods
the imports into Canada from the United
States were admitted on as favorable
terms as those from the mother country.
"5. That iu manufactured goods Can
ada purchased from the United States a
larger proportion of the following de
scriptions than it imported from Great
Britain, viz., manufactures from metals
and general hardware, miscellaneous
and far.cy goods other than dry goods,
drugs and dyes, books, p:iper and other
stationery, manufactures from leather, '
limia rubber and gntta percha.
"0. That Canada admitted from the
United States free of duty a larger
amount of products and merchandise
than the United States admitted from
Canada in the same time.
"7. That the rates of duties in Canada
even on manufactured goods wore very
much lower than the rates in tho United
States under which Canadian goods of
the same class would have been ad
mitted into tho United States.
"In view of such facts it is difficult
to conceive what justification congress
could find for the unjust and harsh
treatment inflicted on this commerce hy
the prohibitory duties which were levied
upon almost every article of produce
which Canada used to furnish to Ameri
can markets. It is equally difficult to
understand the position taken by the
present administration and its organs in
Denniing the. miiKirt.mce of this coin
merce and in averting that nnv meas
ures taken toward its extension would
prove to tho advantage of Canada only,
ami to t.ie disadvantage of this contrv
llns position can onlv be sust?-"rel bv
the willful perversion of facts r.nrl l v the
concealment of the true position of the
"It 6eems extraordinary that the
New York Tribune should be so promi
nently engaged m the. crusade against
Canadian commerce. On this balance
of trade question its course is especially
inconsistent. Again and again it has
contended that one of the prime objects
of the reciprocity policy with the coun
tries to the south is to reduce the largo
balance of trade now existing against
the United States, and that this is a
most praiseworthy effort on the part of
the government. But in the case of
Canada, where the balance of trade is
so vastly in favor of the United States,
t cannot find any argument in favor of
this commerce, can see no 1vnntn.rA ir,
maintaining it and only disadvantage in
"The present administration at Ot
tawa is favorable to such limited reci
procity between the two countries as the
financial position of the Dominion will
permit. Public opinion in Canada is
overwhelmingly in favor of such an ad
justment of the customs tariffs of th"
two countries as will tend to the rapid
increase of their intercommerce on terms
alike equitable and to mutual advantage.
Canadians are smarting under a sense of
unmerited injustice inflicted upon them
through the iniquitous duties levied on
their produce under the McKinley tariff.
"They demand redress. They pro
pose that all the raw products of each
country, together with a limitedrlist of
manufactures as may be agreed upon,
shall be admitted into either country
free of duty; that the fisheries of each
country shall be open to both on equal
terms; that the canals and inland rivers
and lakes and coasting trade shall be free
to both, and that American manufac
tures shall continue to be admitted into
Canada on as favorable terms as those of
"It is sincerely to be hoped that the
two countries may be able to arrive at a
satisfactory and equitable arrangement
of the terms upon which their commerce
can be conducted in future. The politi
cians who affect to believe that Canada
is too craven to resent and tnn woalr
retaliate are livine in a fool's naradis
If congress persists in maintaining the
present prohibitory duties on Canadian
products and in exhibiting the present
position of hostility, the Canadian par
liament will be compelled by an out
raged electorate to deal out to the
United States 'measure for measure.'
. "A war of traffics and of transporta
tion routes may seem to invite an incon
siderable loss to a great country like the
United States, but not the less it is a
loss, and one which can be ancLeught to
be avoided by the exercise of a little
spiyffc of equity, and without any loss of
dignity on our part. " I
Among the thousands of testimonials
of cures by Dr. Miles' New Heart Cure,
is mat of xsathan Allisons, a well-known
citizen of Glen Rock, Pa , who for years
naa snortness oi Dreatb, sleeplessness,
pain in left side, shoulders, smothering
spent, etc.; one Dome or ur. Miles New
Heart Cure and one box of Nervn ami
Liver Pills, cured h;m. Peter Jaauei
Salem, N J., is another witness, who for
twenty veara aunereri with heart, ri
was pronounced incurable by physicians!
death stared him in the face, could not
he down for fear of smothering tn Hparh
Immediately after using the New Cure
he felt better and could lie down and
sleep all night, and is now a well man
The New Cure is sold, also free hnnfe hi
uartz x Balm sen.
Miles' Nerve and Liver FiUa.
Act on a new orinciole resulatin? the
nver, siomacn ana bowels through tbe
nerves. A new discoverv. Dr. MiW
Pills speedily cure billiousness. bad taste.
torpid liver, piles, constipation. Un
equalled for men, women, children.
Smallest, mildest, surest 1 50 doses 25
cents. Samples free at Hartz & Fiahn.
"Isn't she beautiful!" occasionally one
hesra ibis expression, as a lady with a
strikingly lovely complexion passes along
the street. Certain!?! she uses the fa
mous Blush of Roses, manufactured by
flliss flora A. Jones, South Bend. Ind.
Supplied by T. H. Thomas. Price 75
cents per bottle.
Miss FIcra A. Jones, South Bend, Ind.
Purchased a bottle of .our "blushes"
of Arer.d. cor. of Fifth ave. and Madison
st. I find it delightful. Will gladly rec
ommend it to others. Yours respectfully,
Fred M. Roberts.
With Marshall Field & Co., Chicago, 111.
Mr. Roberts is not the only one who
finds "Blush of RoBes" delightful, as
many ladies and Gentlemen can testify.
who have purchased it from T. U.Thomas.
I used three bottles of "Mother's
Friend," and when I was sick I Lever
went to bed until 12:30. and mv bov was
born at 3 a. m. with tcarcelv anv nain.
I will do all I can in recommending it to
expectant mothers. Your thankful friend,
Mrs. B. F. Waltkrhhs.
Marion. O., Sept., 1890.
Soid by Hartz & Babnsen.
That's tbe happy
combination found in
You drink it for pleasure, and get
physical benefit. A whole
some, refreshing, appetizing,
thirst quenching drink.
One package makers five gallons.
IVn't te deceived if a dealer, for the tale
cf larger profit tells yon lome other kind
is "jutt asRood " 'tisfaUe. No imitation
is as good as the genuine Hiuj',
A woman may 5etf,and a ib?
And a Woman may WorK all dav f '
Hut! vutod e?jrAftii!S;o.,D -'J . i
tLV; nrsf ,n t ",a;.r m to tad
"ii miii vii wit HUUUiCy QV-UJ
J. B. ZIMMER,
Uat Just received a larjc Inroice of the latf ft ImpcrHd atd -
Snltlui;. which he is selling at fjs.00 and up. His lire f 0Tt ;, ,
west of Chicago. A very flue line of pants, which tc is s c-l!ire tt
and make ) onr selection while the stock is complete.
Stab Block, Opposite Harpeb liorsK.
OLD GUARD HANDMADE
Only S2.50 Per Calion
ft c g
g ST P
-ALL KINDS OF-
Cast Iron Work
done. A specialty of furnishing aL kinds
of 6toyea with CasUngs at 8 eenls
A MACHINE SHOP
M been added where all kinds of mac kins
work will b done fint-daaa.
NINTH ST. AND 7th AVE.
DOWNING BROS. i Propts.
DR. ST. ARHAXD'H
Is the B&fest and Surest Remedy erer discovered
for aU the onnatnral discharges and Pbttatb
Diseases op II en and the debilitating weakness
lui. lis tn wm . T . Vtma vtM.v tmtlA .a ....
the most obstinate ease, in men, in from S to fl
ura taouuug tuat muH qnicaer claims 11
safe.) It is convenient to carry and bandy to
OM DO hntt.lA nr TVuin frn m.nnnm vnn Hamimi.
ber, we guarantee it. Price tl.00 per box. Com
plete instructions wimeecn box. 11 the drug
gist yon ask for Dr. St. Armand's French Cure
has not got it, dont let him fool you with his
oilv InniruA bv Mllinff vtm, mnmmt.Utna .Im tn.
stead, bat send prtoe to ns and we will forward
to you dt mail, in Main, unmarked box. We
Iso treat patient by malL Address THE
I177.1R1K ulnTPIvp m att cAt c
gamon bVset, Chicago, XiL
And Dealer v.
C. J. W. SCHItEIWK-:,
1121 and 1121 Fourth avenue. Residence ll'.M Ko'irih hvtT.-c.
nana ana cpecmcatlons rernfrnec on alidades of work: a .cm. ;
Sliding Blinds, something new, stylish and dey'.rable.
HORST VON KOECKRITZ.
ANALYTIC AND DISPENCING
Will be located on Fifth avenue and Twentythird street oc or btf :
1803 Second Avenue.
Proprietor of the Brady Street
Ail k'nds of Cot Flowers constantly on band.
One block north of Central Park, tbe largest 1" la.
3t4 Brady Street. Pavtnw
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor and Builder,
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St.
ana BeTenin ATenue,
'All kinds of careen tor work a swlaltv
furnished oa application
Plans and estimates for :i kinds of bti'-'i:"
-A TKRATISR FOR MEN ONLY." To any eamem ni...i
copy Kallrely Frte, In pl.tn waled eoTer. -A rfu ' '
THE ERIE MEDICAL CO.. BUFFAUO. W.
Q)avenport Business College,
COMPLETE IN at.t. DEPARTMENTS.
FOR CATALOGUES ADDRSSS r.
J. C. DUNCAN, Davenport-1