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nhllahed Dally and Weekly at 18S4 Second
Avenue, Bok Island. 111.
J. W. Potter,
Tbxmb Daily, We per month; Weekly, $2.00
All eommanlcatlons of a critical or argumenta
tive character, political or religions, most hava
real name attached for publication. No nch
article will be printed oyer HcUtioaa signatures.
Aaonyrnoos communications not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from every township
la Bock Island ouniv.
Batckoat, Hat 28, 1892.
DEBOCRAT1V STATE TICKET.
For Governor JOHN P ALTGKLD
Fortongrtssman at large JOHN C BLACK
For Congressman at large. .ANDRE W J HCSTKR
For Lieutenant Governor JOSEPH B GILL
For Secretary of State ViX H H1NRICHSE.N
For Auditor DAVID GORE
For Treasurer RCFCS N RAMSEY
For Attorney General SI T MALONKV
The result of the Louisville conven
tion prorea conclusively that Henry Wat
tenon and his itar-ejed goddess still rule
the roost in "Old Kiintuck."
Is it an indication that Mr. Gest will
win his suit against the city, that several
local republican politicians are so anxious
that he be renominated for congress?
The anti-democratic convention to be
held in Syracuse on Tuesday will no
doubt emphasize the fact that the mugs
trump still has bis abode in New York .
Ben Eur will be played in Rock Island
Jnne 7 by local talent. Ben Harrison
will be "played" on the same date in
Minneapolis by professional politicians.
Chairman Wheelan. of the democrat
ic city committee, has issued a call for a
meeting next Tuesday evening for the
purpose of srganizing a young men's dem
ocralic club. It is the intention to se
cure rooms where the members can meet
and enjoy themselves socially. There is
no reason why the proposed club should
not eclipse any organization of the kind
ever attempted in Rock Island. .
The Rock Islander formally declares
itself this week for the renomination of
ex-Congressman Gest,; aid the Union in
1 9r "Stacy copies t.be declaration ja
fuil, and Las the audacity to assert that
on this account "the Rock Islander is evi
dently for Rock Island's Interest this
year." In Other ords the Rock Islander
believes Rock Island's interests are ad
vanced by a man who is opposed to Rock
George Washington S mallet, the
London correspondent of .the New York
Tribune, was, we think, .the first to call
attention to the fact that in naming the
Columbian fair the projectors have made
'use of the French word "exposition" in
stead of the English word "tihibi'.ion."
Harry Furniss, the clever cartoonist of
Lundon Punch, entered the same fact in
his note book during his recent visit to
America, and, since his return home, has
communicated it to the wandering Brit
ons. Mr. Furniss' explanation of the
linguistic freak displays all the generos
ity of a Briton and all the delicacy of a
Punch wit. "It is," he said to a reporter
of the Pall Mall Gazette, "because the
Irish in Chicago, wh are the ruling ele
ment, thus wish to compliment their
French friends." Which is certainly
worth printing in Punch. Though the
French usage has been adopted in nam
ing the Chicago fair, as it was in Pnila
delphia and in New Orleans, the Chicago
Post holds that there is really no good
reason why an English-speaking nation
snouia not use "exposition as well as
"exhibition" to describe a display a
"holding forth" or "putting forth." Both
words are Latin and belong as much to
the French as to the '.English, and to the
American as much as either. Our Eng
lish critics, of course, assume that where
insoever we have departed from the Eng
lish usage we have erred they would
not be English critics else.
In order to build ud a great American
industry. Major McKinley caused a tax
to be placed on bottons made of pearl or
oyster shell which practically amounts to
from $2 to f 5 on the dollars worth of
buttons. This was an enormous pension
to pay the manufacturer but it was said
to be necessary in order to create em
ployment for skilled workmen. 4'
a result of Mr. McKinley's effort,
a button factory was establishad in
Detroit, but instead of providing
employment for skilled mechanics at
high wages, only girls were employed and
they earned from $3 to $4.50 a week.
Even these wages seemed too high for the
protected interest to pay and on Monday
I this week the owners of this govern
ment bed industry announced a cut of 15
percent in wages. The cheap hands
protested that they coulda t see any pro
tection in this and 150 of them struck
The girls employed in the but
ton factory might well ask what
protection is for if wages must be re
duced by one of the greatest pam
pered interests in the country, and they
might also well ask who gets the bene
fit of the 500 per cent. duty. The
fact that their pay has been cut down
is sufficient proof that the tariff does
not help them, and no amount or so
phistry can make them believe other
wise than that the immense duty goes
Into the pocket of the button manu
facturer lust as the McKinley bill in
tended it should.
Coughing leads to consumption
Kemp's Balsam .will stop the cough at
Your paltry is not complete withouj
TTttqi Vath'a li-fram-
UNNECESSARY TAXATION FOR THE
BENEFIT OF MONOPOLIES.
There Is bat Little Difference In the
Labor Cost of Manufacturing- Textiles
In Europe and the United States,
Hence No Need for Protection.
It was lenry Clay who clearly point
ed out the fact, which modern protec
tionists 8e m entirely to have lost sight
of, that lov wages did not mean low
cost of production. As an instance of
this fact h ? cited the case of Asia and
Europe. "VYages in Europe, he said,
were many times higher than wages in
Asia, but because of the great use of
machinery in Europe and of the greater
intelligence and skill of the workmen,
particularly in Great Britain, manufac
tured articles which require any con
siderable a noant of labor are manufac
tured "infiiitely cheaper than they can
be manufactured by the natural exer
tions" of the countless millions of un
skilled, pocrly paid and poorly fed la
borers of Asia.
The rapidly increasing use of machin
ery since Clay's time has made this fact
even more manifest now than it was
then. It is the low wage countries of the
globe that tupply the agricultural prod
ucts and tie raw materials of manu
facture to the high wage countries, and
it is the high wage countries that manu
facture thtse raw materials into all
kinds of articles machinery, clothing,
ships, furniture, farm and household
Implements with which to supply them
selves and to sell back to these high
wage count -ies. Hence it would seem
that if the tariff on manufactured ar
ticles is ntded to protect labor, the
countries most in need of such a tariff
are the low wage countries of the earth.
This, in fact, is the rule. Italy, Russia.
Spain and c ther low wage countries of
Europe are heavily protected against
Great Britain, France, Germany, Bel
gium and the other comparatively high
wage countries of Europe. Great Brit
ain, the United States, France, Germany
and Belgium, the high wage countries of
the earth, are the greatest exporters of
manufactured articles. There can be
but one explanation it is cheaper to
make costly articles where wages are
high than where they are low. This has
been. rtejnoriitrated jn detail by many
Edward A-.kinca lias recentlv civen
ti8 a long list of articles for which the.
labor cost to manufacture is less in the
United State s than in any country of
Europe e. g., a pair of shoes which it
costs thirty-eight cents to make n 1
Massachuset: s costs from sixty to seventy-five
cents to make in foreign coun
tries of Europe. He expresses the opin
ion that the labor cost in nine-tenths o,
the manufaci ured articles is less in t ho
United State than in Enroe. To the
question that may be asked here by pro
tectionists, " Whv then do we not sup
ply more of :he manufactured articles
of the world than Great Britain?" it may
be replied our failure to do so is not le
cause of the difference in labor cost uf
the product, irat because of the excessive
taxes levied by the United States upon
the raw matt rials and the machinery of
production. Remove this tux and our
restrictions t pon our shipping, ami we
will soon 1)6 exporting more manufac
tured article than Great Britain.
In view of these facts let us notice the
woolen industry in this country.
One of the first effects of this heavy
"protection" which we will oliserve is
the decline in the number of woolen
mills in the United States from 2, SOI in
1970 to 1,190 -n and to 1.312 in IStJ.
The value of the goods manufactured
increased from $267,252,913 in to
$338,231,199 i:i 1B90. It is apparent, then,
that the exorbitant duty on raw mate
rials tends to drive ont small capitalists
and to leave the business in the hands of
monopolists. The next effect has been
to make the rice of woolen goods in the
United States nearly double what they
would have been without such protection.
This additioral cost to the 65,000,000
of people in tie United States is not now
less than $1 W.OOO.OOO per year. But
even with these high prices the woolen
industry cannot be said to be in a flour
ishing condition the increased value of
the product b-ing only about equal to
the increase in population since 1880.
The weight cf taxation upon the raw
materials is sufficient to prevent the
growth of the industry even with tfiese
exceptionally high prices.
Another curious effect is that while
the duties hi ve increased the price of
raw material to manufacture, it 'has not
apparently in reaaed the price of domes
tic wools. As pointed out bv John Sher
man in 1863, tie price of domestic wools
has declined from 51 cents in 18C7 to
46 cents in 1870; 43 cents in 1876 to 86
cents to 40 cetts in 1883.
But that pait of the tariff to which we
here wish especially to call attention is
the part levie 1 for the benefit of labor.
Under the Mckinley bill this pat varies
from 30 to 50 i r cent., and will average
about 45 per cent. As this duty is levied
to cover the d fference of the labor cost
in this and oier countries, it maybe
well to inquire what this difference act
The Eon. Carroll D. Wright, com
missioner of labor, has for some time
been making special investigations in
to the cost of textiles in Europe and
America. Atvanced Eheets, showing
this cost, wer'S prepared for and used
by the Hon. A. B. Montgomery in
his speech ir the house March 11,
1892. As explained by Commissioner
W right, the libor cost in this country
includes all the processes of manufac
ture from the raw wool, while in Great
Britain and on the continent of Europe
it often does not include all of these
processes, the c ost of spinning the yarn
and dyeing and finishing the cloth often
being done in separate factories.
Yet, notwithstanding this fact, an in
spection of the labor cost of making the
217 samples 1. 3 from our own and 66
IAAVAU iWVlU lklVl 1OT 1 1 !. 4 V V SVtOUf
thai this difference is very alight. For
example, the labor cost in 14 samples of
cashmere on the continent of Europe
range from 16.20 per cent, to 22.08 per
cent., the average being about 19 per
cent.; of 46 samples from the United
States from 17.36 per cent, to 81.20 per
cent., the average being 24 per cent. The
labor cost for 6 samples of worsted goods
made in Europe varies from 12.93 per
cent, to 43. 1 1 per cent. , the average being
about 22 per cent.; of 36 samples from
the United States from 13.49 per cent, to
87.57 per cent., the average being about
21 per cent; the labor cost in 7 samples
of ladies' dress goods from the United
States varies from 15.41 per cent, to 23.54
per cent., the average being 20 percent.;
of 5 samples from Europe from 13.02 per
cent, to 29.31 per cent., the average being
23 per cent.
As, however, no two samples from this
and from any foreign country are ex
actly alike, it is impossible to rely strict
ly upon these comparisons. It is, how
ever, safe to assert that the difference,
if any exists, in the labor cost of textiles
in this and in any foreign country does
not exceed 6 or 8 per cent. There is
then no just basis for a protection of
more than 10 per cent, to cover this dif
ference, and the 45 per cent, granted by
McKinley for this purpose is an outrage
upon the American people. In the
Springer free wool bill, there being no
duty left on the raw material, the ad
valorem duty of from 25 to 85 per cent
is to cover the difference in the laboi
cost. This, as Congressman Montgomery
shows, gives an average of 12 per cent
more protection than the entire labor
.cost in the production of 163 home manu
factured articles covered by Wright's
.table. This would then, except for the
jtariff tax on machinery, put our woolen
manufacturers on an equal footing with
those of Europe and leave them a margin
of about 25 per cent, for profits. The
claim by thoughtless protectionists th.it
this 85 per cent tariff would ieave our
woolen manufacturers unprotected and
drive half of them out of the country is
utterly without foundation.
The People and the Sugar Trust.
The sugar trust is "protected:"
(a) By duty of i cent per pound on
(b) By natural advantage or protection
of J4 of a cent per pound.
Present price of raw sugar, 96 degs.
centrifugal, 3,tg cents per pound.
Preserj t price of refined sugar, granu
lated, 43g cents per pound.
Difference between above prices, 1'4'
cents per pound.
Cost of refining, not over f cents per
Net profit on refined sugar, f cents
per pound. 1
Net profit per barrel. $2.03'
Net profit on 12,6u0.i00 barrels, ot
minimum yearly production, $25,593,000.
Actual value of sugar trust properties,
alwut $35.01 tO.000. Rate of profit on
actual valuation, 73.08 per cent. Sugar
trust capitalization, 7 per cent, preferred
stock. $37,3'i0.000: common stock, $37,-
500.000; 0 per cent, bonds, $10,000,000.
After paying 7 per cent, on pi ef erred
stock and C jer cent, interest on bonus,
the above rate of profit would yield o'J.Gi
per cent, on the common stock.
WITH FREE REFINED SUGAR.
The natural advantage or protection
to sucrar trust is cent per ponnd.
Price of raw sugar, 90 degs. centrif
ugal, 3'g cents per pound.
Price of refined sugar, granulated A,
4 cents 'r ponnd.
Difference lietween above prices, J8
cents per pound.
Cost of refining, not over cents' per
Net profit on refined sugar, cent
Net profit per barrel, 81 '4 cents.
Net profit on 12,600,000 barrels, or
minimum yearly production, $10,237,
500 per year.
After paying 7 per cent, on preferred
stock and 6 per cent on bonds, the
above rate of profit would yield 13.7 per
cent, on the common stock.
In the compilation of these figures we
have treated the trust very liberally.
Present rate of extortion from the
people by means of the tariff, three-
eighths cents per pound, or $15,356,000
Proposed rate of saving to the people
by means of free sugar, $15,306,000 per
Is it not time that the wholesale ex
tortion now practiced by the trust be
stopped? Let us have free 6ugar in
reality and not merely in name. New
1 ork Commercial Bulletin.
The rtnddhist Temple of Protection.
How strange and inconsistent are the
ways in this world. When some thirty
four years ago I was for the first time in
Point de Galle, in Ceyion, I went, as a
matter of course, to see the Buddhist
temple, situated in the sacred grove
some four miles from the town. The
first thing that struck me was an im
mense plain masonry structure about
twelve feet high, shaped exactly like a
beehive, and looking for all the world
like a beehive. The circumference was.
as near as I can recollect, about that of
the base of the Statue of Liberty. There
were numerous small sized holes about
six feet high all around this masonry
beehive for the faithful to deposit
These donations, the natives are told,
are appropriated by Buddha himself.
As the yellow robed priests declare there
is nothing of it in the beehive, yet it has
been standing there for hundreds, per
haps thousands, of years. Strangely
enough, I met an American missionary
there with whom 1 had a 'conversation.
He it was who pointed this swindle out
to me. Hots little did I dream then that
I would have to point ont many thousand
Buddhist beehives and swindles to bis
own countrymen and in his own free
country! Yes! American protection is
a veritable Buddhist beehive receptacle
for the ignorant, tax ndden millions to
put their hard earnings in. And the
few thousand boss protectionists are the
yellow robed priests, who most solemnly
assert and try to prove that such exac
tions are for the vital interest of the
whole people. From "Friendly Letters
to American .Farmers by J. S. Moore.
Among the thousands of testimonials
of cures by Dr. Miles' New Heart Cure,
is that of Nathan Allisons, a well-known
citizen of Glen Rock. Pa., who for years
had shortness of breath, sleeplessness,
pain in left side, shoulders, smothering
spells, etc.; one bottle of Dr. Miles' New
Heart Cure and one box of Nerve and
Liver Pills, cured him. Peter Jaquet,
Salem, N. J., is another witness, who for
twenty years suffered with heart disease,
was pronounced incurable by physicians,
death stared him in the face, could not
lie down for fear of smothering to death.
Immediately after using the New Cure
he felt better and could lie down and
sleep all night, and is now a well man.
The New Cure is sold, also free book, by
Hartz & Bahnsen.
Catarrh leant he Cared
with local applications, as they cannot
reach the seat of the disease. Catarrh is
a blood or constitutional disease, and in
order to cure it you have to take internal
remedies. Hall's Catarrh cure is taken
internally, and acts directly on the blood
and mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is no quack medicine. It was pre
scribed by one of the best physicians in
this couutry for years; and is a regular
prescription. It is composed of the best
tonics known, combined with the best
blood purifiers, acting directly on the
mucous surfaces. The perfect combina
tion of the two ingredients is what pro
duces such wonderful results in curing
catarrh. Send for testimonials free.
F. J. Cheney & Co.. Props., Toledo, O.
Sold by druggists, price 75c.
About your feet hurting you, when
Chryso Corn Cure will cure corns, bun
ions, etc. Every bottle warranted at
Hartz & Bahnsen's.
Cubeb Cough Cure One minute.
For saie by all druggists. Hartz qp
Babnsen, wholesale druggists.
Stilea' Nerve and Liver Fllla.
Act on a new principle regulating the
liver, stomach and bowels through the
nerves. A new discovery. Dr. Miles'
Pills speedily cure billiousness, bad taste,
torpid liver, piles, constipation. Un
equalled for men, women, children.
Smallest, mildest, surest! 50 doses 25
cents. Samples free at Hartz & Bahn
"Isn't she beautiful!" occasionally one
hears this expression, as a lady with a
strikingly lovely complexion passes along
the street. Certainly! she uses the fa
mous Blush of Roses, manufactured by
Miss Flora A. Jones, South Bend. Ind.
Suprlied by T. H. Thomas. Price 75
cents per bottle.
Miss Flora A. Jones, South Bend, Ind.
Purchased a bottle of your "blushes"
of Arend. cor. of Fitth ave. and Madison
st. I find it delightful. Will gladly rec
ommend it to others. Yours respectfully,
Fred M. Roberts.
With Marshall Field & Co., Chicago, 111.
Mr. Roberts is not the onlv one who
finds "Blush of Roses" delightful, as
many ladies and gentlemen can testify.
who have purchased it from T. H.Thomas.
I used three bottles of "Mother's
Friend," and when I was sick I Eever
went to bed until 12:30, and my boy was
bom at 3 a. m. with tcarcely any pain.
I will do all I can in recommending it to
expectant mothers. Your thankful friend,
Mrs. B. F. Walterhxs.
Nation, O., Sept., 1890.
Sold by Hartz & Babnsen.
-ALL KITTDB 07-
Cast lion Work
done. A specialty of furnishing al kinds
of Stove with Caattnga at 8 aeota
A MACHINE SHOP
m been added where an kind of machine
work will be done first-class.
NINTH ST. AND 7th AVE.
DOWNING BROS,, Propts.
VIGOR OF HEN
Caaii. Ouioklv. Pormanenttv Reatored.
Vetkiui, KtnMneN, IteMUty. and all
the train of erllt from early error or later exceaaee.
the remits of overwork, aicknem. wott, etc Full
strength, development, and tone ifm to every
ora-an and portion of the body. Simple, natural
methods. Immediate ImDrurement seen. Fsllnre
impossible. 2.0U0 references. Book, explanation?
ana proois mm ira tsesiea) rresu Address
ERIK MKOIOAL OO.. UFFALO. N. V
IhnMRa isnxBBM B
M A foana am
die 4 GSO, P.
BO WELL. CO-3
BrraaaQ 10 Bproo
1 1 0 m. 8
s 5 , S3 fei
Sa CD J
r i 8
A woman may seiv7and
An1 4 iiflmnn imai w
'sum a nuiiitui may
uwu ennui, uu Liuuuicu away.
J. B. ZIMMER,
Ha Jnst received a large invoice of the latest Imported aid DomeHic s-r i c r 1 s
Suitlnss, which he is selling at (25.00 and np. Bis line of OTerfoat'.nc or ." t "
west of Chicago. A very flee line of pants, which he Is telling at t ci d , . 1
and make jonr selection while the stock is complete. '
Star Block, Opposite Harper House.
OLD GUARD HAND-MADE
Only S2.50 Per Calion
Kotm db Adlers,
J. T. DIXON
. And Dealer in Mens' Fine Woolens.
705 Second Averse
C. J. W. SCHREINErt,
Contractor etnd Builder.
1121 and 1123 Fourth avenne. Residence 1119 fourth avoc-e.
Plans and specifications furnished on all classes of work : also sei ct r f rt'ilkr'f Pim: it
Sliding Blinds, something new, etylish and deeirab'.e.
HORST VON KOECKRITZ,
ANALYTIC AND DISPENCING
"Will be located on Fifth avenue and
Proprietor of the Brady Street
(Ail fcnds of Cat Flowers constantly on hand.
Green Bouses Flower Store
One block north of Central Park, the largest 1" la. 304 Brady Street. Dsvir,, .
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor arid Builder.
Office End Shop Corner Seventeenth Si. . . Rrirlr Island'
and Seventh Avenue, AVUV"
V All kind of carpenter work a specialty. Flans and estimates for all kinds of bc'.-
famished on application. -
bw u a w.hnwnnM
jfavenport Business College,
COMPLETE IN ATT. DEPARTMENTS.
TOR CATALOQTJKS ADDRESS
a oman msST
...-I -i I vr"'i
wuriv an aav.
Twenty - .third street on or before -
1803 Second Avenue.
know Out GRAND TBCTTTS. the flam 5 s.":, 7.,
Old Becreu and the New Discoveries of Medical fic.' - r .-.-i
Married I.tfe. sboold write fur OUT wonderful lime ... ;
"A TKKAT1SE FOB. MEN OSLT." To any earnest n""' tltf)...s.
Copy nUrelf Free, In plain sealed cover. -A ref one I - -
THE CRIE MEDICAL CO.. BUFFALO, w.
J. C. DUNCAN. Da veDport.i I
? it ""
: will 1