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'Wished Daily and Weekly at 1934 Second
Avenue, Rock Island. 111.
J W. Potter. - Publisher.
Tut-Daily, 80c per month; Weekly, $2.00
All communications of a critical or argumenta
tive character, political or religion, mui have
real name attached for publication. No snch
article wiH be printed over fictitious signatures.
Anonymon.i communication not noticed.
Correspondence ollclied from every township
in Kock Island coantv.
Friday, June 10. 1892
DKMOl H.1TK MTATK 1KHK.I.
For Governor JOHN I' ALTGELD
For congressman at large JOHN U BLACK
For Congressman at large.. ANlREs J HVNTKK
For I.ientenant Gov. rnor JUSEP11 B OILL
For Secretary of State WM H UlNHICHSEN
For Auditor DAVID GORE
For Treasurer ...RUFUS N RAMSEY
For Attorney General V T MALO.NEY
Minneapolis boasts of the largest bar
in the country to accommodate the thirs
ty delegates to the republican nation-1
convention. There wiil be no effort made
to enlarge the bars at Chicago for the
event commencing June 21st .
Delegate Rosenfield voted with the
Harrison men in favor of the majority
report of the committee on credentials.
This is an indication that the Rock Isl
and delegate has cast his lot with the
man in the white house.
J. Sloat Fassett, who refused as New
York collector of customs to let Huss
Harrison have a government cutter for
a private pleasure trip, was the temporary
chairman of the Minneapolis convention.
In this and divers other wajs Russ is be
ing taught that his father is only tem
poraiy chairman of the White House.
St. Louis Republic The supply of
Blaine and Alger campaign buttons man
ufactured at the McKinley industry in
Detroit is shut off. The 25 per cent,
tariff which protected the employees
from pauper labor was naturally ab
sorbed by the proprietors. They further
made a 15 percent, cat in the wages of
the girls, who were receiving less than
$3 a week. They wouldn't endure such
starvation treatment and quit. Their
places have not yet been satisfactorily
Seventy-two sea's in the Minneapolis
convention are contested by opposing
delegates, each claiming as against his
antagonist the right to represent his con
stituency. Two of these seats belong to
the District of Columbia and one to the
Sixth district of Indiana. The remain
ing 60 belong to the southern states.
Alabama has 22; Louisiana, 16; Mississ
ippi. 6; North Carolina, 3; South Caro
lina, 18. and Texas, 4. Out of this fact
has sprung the rumor which started early
in the convention, and it is still rife, that
efforts are afoot as strenuous as tbey arc
disreputable to secure the contested dele
gations by bribery, As for charges of
brilery, their prevalence in this conven
tion is chargeable rath.r to the character
of the white men who have chare of the
two factions of the party than to the
supposed venality of an unfortunate and
much maligned colored race, at whose
door the petty organs are laying the
charges of corruption.
THE CRIME OF TARIFF
A report recently issued by Secretary
Rusk shows that American farm laborers
receive higher wages than are paid to
similar laborers in any country in Eu
rope. Their average pay is $083 per
year, while that of the English agricultu
ral laborer is but $150. The high tariff
press attribu es this difference to the cir
cumstance that the United States is a
protective and England a free trade
country; but. conceding this, how do the
McKinlev journals account for the fact
that in free trade England the average
wage is $25 higher than in protected
France, $50 higher than in protected
Holland. $60 higher than in protected
Germany, $90 higher than in protected
Russia, and $100 higher than in protect
ed Italy? And what explanation have
they to offer of the additional fact that
until lately, when that country adopted
protection, the farm laborers " of New
South Wales received as much for their
services as their brethren in the United
It is not the fact that the compara
tively higher wages paid to American
farm laborers are due to protection, for
neither the laborer himself nor the indus
try in which he is engaged is protected.
It is impossible to protect the farmer be
cause we are exporters and not importers
of farm products, and the man hired to
work for him is not protected because
there is no tax on immigrants. Instead
of a benefit the protective policy is an
injury to both, for while it compels them
to buy in a restricted market, it forces
them to sell, the one his products the
other his labor, in a market where prices
and wages are fixed by free, open compe
tition with the world.
If any attempt at explanation of the
points here raised shall be made, the
journal essaying it can shed considerable
light on a dark subject by informing a
benighted public how it is that in the
southern the wage of farm laborers is
from 30 to 50 per cent less than in the
northwestern states. If the tariff pro
tects American farm laborers it ought to
protect all alike. How comes it that it
doesn't, and that while few receive as
much as they ought to set. those of one
section are paid so much moie than an
Milos' Nerve and Liver Pills.
Act on a new principle regulating the
liver, stomach and bowels through the
nerves. A new discovery. Dr. Miles'
Pills speedily cure billlousness, bad taste,
torpid liver, piles, constipation. Un
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Smallest, mildest, surest! 50 doses 25
cents. Samples free at Hartr. & Bahn-
HISTORY OF INDI 3ECT OR "CROOKED"
A Device to Tax the Poor Tho Rich
Relieved ami Hie Poorest Compelled
to Pay Tribute Out of Their Misery.
Taxes upon CoaUMamptt
The great crin.eof our tariff is that
which is inherent in every tariff. It is
the most ingenioua and effective means
ever devised for Wie plunder of the poor
mid the enrichment of the rich. 1 do
not now refer mei ely to direct robliery
of the poor for th benefit of the rich,
through so callet protective and pro
hibitory measures I refer to the whole
system of indire.-t taxation, which is
founded upon tariffs and could not ex
ist for a day withi ut them.
Indirect, or, as 1 always prefer to call
it, crooked taxat on, was invented in
days when the mass of the people had,
as a famous bishop boastingly said,
"nothing to do wi hthe laws except to
obey them." It c wed its origin to the
grasping desire of despotic governments
and their agents to extort as much as
possible from the people. The wealthy
classes had a iwwt r of resistance which
made it dangerous to push them very
far. The taxgatht ret s attempted to col
lect direct taxes from the people at
large, but found t le task too laborious
and costly; just a.- in Boston today the
collection of jx11 taxes from the poor
costs more than tlie entire receipts from
the poorer c lasses. Then it occurred to
them that, by taxi lg the food and cloth
ing of the people, they might compel the
poorest to pay tribi te out of their misery.
As soon as the new idea was pot into
practice it was ft and that taxes upon
consumption wen- productive of far
greater revenue, with far less resistance
upon the part of taxpayers, than any
form of straightforward taxation which
had ever leen tried. So it was very ac
ceptable to the tax,'atherers.
After a short experience of crooked
taxation rich men everywhere realized
that it relieved them from most of the
burdens of government, and as they were
gradually admitted into some share in
public administration they insisted uion
the abolition of direct taxes and the sub
stitution of crooked ones.
Taxes upon food, clothing, furniture,
buildings and oth r necessities of life,
whether levied by a tariff upon imports
or a tax upon home productions, are
what :re known in economic science as
taxes upon consumption, and it is in
evitable that such taxes should lie paid
principally by the poorer classes and
only to a trifling ex bent by the rich. This
is easily understo xl upon a few mo
ments' reflection. Tf bread is taxed the
40,000 families who own half the wealth
of this country cannot eat more bread
than 40,ioo day laborers' families, if as
much. The 10,000, WO families who own
less than one-qnarrer of the national
wealth will pay 500 times as much of the
bread tax, in proportion to their means of
payment, as will th i 40,000 favored ones.
A hungry newsboy will pay as heavy a
bread tax as a mnltinuluonaire.
What is true ot bread is true, to n
slightly less degree of every other thing
which is vh- the subject :f crooked
taxation. It will be said that luxuries
are taxed and that such taxes are paid
only by the rich. But the amount of
taxes which are or an be collected upon
pure luxuries, used only by the rich, is
ridicuoudy small compared with the en
tire public revenue. What are called lux
uries are used largely by the poor, and
the attempt sometimes made to justify
taxes upon the p .r ewing girls riliWiiiS,
gloves, bits of lace and tiny ornaments,
as superfluous luuries. is an act of
purse proud arrogance and impudence.
There never has b -en, there is not now
and there never u ill be any system of
taxation upon consumption which does
not bear ten tames as heavily upon the
great mass of the hard working people
as it does upon the rich and prosperous,
or which does not bear a hundred or a
thousand times as heavily upon day la
borers and sewing women as it does upon
The result is, of c mrse, that the small
savings of the hard st working class are
almost entirely SW rpt away by crooked
taxation, while the savings of the very
rich are almost entirely untouched.
Year by year the coi centration of wealth
in few hands goes on at ever accelerating
pace. Thomas (i. Shearman.
How "Protecllon" Protects.
According to the July report of the
superintendent of the census, the amount
of mortgage debt of the farms and homes
of the country is $; ,565.000,000. Based
nion this report the St. Louis Republic
made the following estimates:
II' all the real ami personal property
of Missouri, all its lands, houses, rail
roads, cattle, grain, stocks, farms, bonds,
promissory notes, m.-rchandise and other
property of all kinds was sold at auction
for its total assessed value in 1890 it
would take more t lan three times as
much to pay this debt. In taking the
states in alphabetic tl order in 1890, if
they had been sold f ir the total assessed
value of all their rei 1 and personal prop
erty, the proceeds ol the sales of Ala
bama, Arkansas, C tlifornia, Colorado,
Connecticut, Delaware, Florida and
Georgia would hev been only $2,545,
000,000; $20,000,000 less than the amount
of this mortgage del t imposed upon the
farms and homes of the country under
the past legislation of the Republican
party. The annual nterest on this debt
at 10 per cent, woult . be $256,000,000. If
the state of Alabama had been sold at
its assessed value in 1890, including all
personal property, tl ere would still have
been a shortage of $.' 9,000.000 on the in
terest of this single ;-ear, and throwing
in Idaho at $25,000, i 00 and Arizona at
$21,000,000 the rota value of the two
states and one territory would have
been still $13,000,000 short of the year's
interest debt. Now nearly all of this
debt is on the states of the Mississippi
valley, nearly all of the interest is paid
by the labor of the p ?ople of the Missis
sippi valley, who are at the same time
bearing the enormou I burden of the Re
publican tax on trade.
PERILS AT NIAGARA.
Some of the Fatalities and Narrow Es
capes and the Great Falls.
Of accidents at Niagara some very
strange ones are recorded. One lady
stooped for a cup of water, lost her bal
ance and was out of reach and over the
falls almost lefore her amazed husband
knew what happened.
Another lady stooped to pick a flower on
the brink of the Table Rock. She was
taken up dead from the rocks below.
Perhaps the most dramatic accident was
the following: A playful young man
caught up a charming child who was
watching the tumbling waves. "Now,
lizzie, 1 am going to throw you into the
water," he said, and swung her back and
She screamed, struggled and slipped
from his hands. He gazed after her, real
ized what he had done and leaped. Rescue
was hopeless. Perhaps he did not deserve
death, and at least censure may die with
Of escapes, there are one or two narrow
ones almost Ix-yond belief, and which in
volves skill and bravery well worth telling.
Not many years ago a painter was at W( : k
on Second Sister's island, when he fell into
lie was old and weak, and while his posi
tion was not very dangerous at first, he
soon floated down and toward midstream,
when, just as he seemed hovering on the
brink and exactly forty feet from it. if c, n
temporary records are to be believed, he
caimht on a rock.
How long would his muscles endure the
strain? And who would rescue hjri, and
how? The crowd was helpless ratil a
guide appeared with a coil of rope. One
end he left in trusty hands, and with the
other he plunged into the lioiling tide.
When lie readied the poor painter the
old man still held in his hand the putty
knife with which he was working. He
shifted the knife to his pocket, tied the
painter to the rope, and they reached the
In another case a boatman was crossing
the river above the falls, when a fog sud
denly came on. He lost his bearings, and
knew he was drifting to death.
His cries alarmed the village, and bells
were rung for him to run toward them.
Then an oar broke. His only hope then
lay in a paltry little anchor and a common
rope, which was very thin and, moreover,
He examined every foot, nay, every inch
of it; he tugged at the knots at each end
Time was precious, but he could not afford
to make a mistake. Then he threw it
It bumped along the stones, and his
heart leat each time it failed to catch a
grip. At last it cauirht and brought the
lioat up standing, while the tense string
throbbed like the bass gut of a harp as the
water rushed by it.
For the moment it held. How soon
would it part? He shrank from feeling
along the strands. He was more afraid
not to. lest he should read his fate in the
twine, tense and twanging under the cur
rent. Inch by inch his fingers traveled to his
arm's length. So long as it held there he
was safe. Time and time again through
the long night he did this, but never, he
said, without a heart like lead and hands
quivering like a leaf. When morning
dawned, as at last it did, he was easily
In another case the danger to life, though
considerable, was not imminent. A tug
was towing three scows, when one went
adrift. With admirable promptness and
address the captain of the tug cut loose
the rest of his tow aud steamed ahead of
the drifting barge.
There ie held it by steam power and
when the others came along a line was
passed, the throttle was thrown open and
it was sought to make way up stream.
Hut they had drifted fairly within the
grasp of the spirit of the waters, and for
a time it seemed as if he would not let go
hi s own. Finally a fttot was gained, and
in a few seconds another, and then the tug
of war was virtually over.
An escape of another sort was that of a
murderer. The sheriff was behind him.
the river in front, and only the wires of the
old bridge at Ix-wiston to help across.
Hand over hand he Iwgan the jwissage.
His hands quickly blistered, ami then
they bled. Again ami again he rested his
arms ly liautrint; by his legs. At last he
reached the opposite bank and lay panting
for an hour liefore he continued ids fliLrht.
The feat was certainly a remarkable one
tor nil amateur. C incinnati Commercial
Of No I'rartical I se.
Major Tidd tipped back the soap box on
which he was sitt incr nut. l.iv ,
of the stove, shot a rich brown stream of
distilled navy plug at the postmaster's cat,
folded up the paper from which he had
been reading, tilted his iron rimmed spec
tacles up among his barled wire hair and
"Did ye ever see one o' them phony-grafts'-'"
None of the rural seers present had ever
inspect ed any such new fangled gimcracks,
and t he major proceeded.
"Wall, I did. Wen I wuz up to Chi
cager last fall my niffew tuk me overt"
th' expersishun building ter see it. They
was a feller bed it on show thar."
"How'd the thing work?" asked Squire
"It's worked by a mister uv gas an 'lec
tricity," observed Major Tidd with a
knowing air. "This want full size, ye
know, jist a moddiL They could make it
fly around some, but 'twouldn't kerry
nuthin an they wasn't able to steer it very
sartin. I don't believe 't'll ever 'mount
to ennything, an ridin on kears and steam
boats is fast enufl for common peopleenny
way." Another scientific problem was settled.
The Greater West.
Do you realize the magnitude of "the
greater west?" Have you any conception
of the vast resources of the empire that
lies beyond the Missouri? The area of the
whole United States is 3,527,000 square
miles. The area of "the greater west" is
2,129,155, and the states and territories west
of the Missouri alone cover an area of
1,571,194 square miles. "The greater west,"
then, covers an area one-third larger than
the states east of the Mississippi, and the
states and territories west of the Missouri,
including Texas, cover a larger area than
the entire country east of the Missouri
river -Edward Rosewater's Omaha Ad
dress. An Opinion.
A playwriter was reading one of his
"creations" before a company of the French
Society of Comedy, when he observed that
a member, M. Got, had fallen asleep. He
stopped and reproved the sleeper. He was
reading his play for the purpose of obtain
ing the committee's opinion. How could
a man who was asleep give an opinion'
M. Got rubbed his eyes and remarked:
"Sleep is an opinion. "London Tit-Bit.
A Mute Recovers Speech
Alphonee Hemphling, of Summit town
ship, Butler Co., Penn., made as affidavit
that his 12yearsold son, who had
had 8t. Vitus dance for twelve years, lost
his speech, wus completely cured after
using three bottles of Dr. Miles' Restora
tive Nervine, and and also recovered his
speech. Thousands testify to wonderful
cures from using it for nervous diseases,
dyspepsia, nervous debility, dullness, con
fusion of mind, headache, etc. Four
doses of this Nervine cured Mrs. W. E.
Burns, South Bend. Ind., who had been
suffering with constant headache for
three months. Trial bottle and elegant
book free at Hartz & Bhnsen's.
Woman has been compelled to suffer,
not only her Ills, but those arising
from a want of knowledge on the part of
those with whom she stands connected.
In the mansions of the rich and hovels ol
the poor, woman has been alike the pa
tient victim of ills unknown to man. But
now the hour of her redemption has
come. Bradfleld's Female Regulator
cures all diseases peculiar to her sex.
Sold by Hartz & Bahnsen.
Good evening! Have you used Ah!
there is no need of my saying anything
further, I am sure you will hereafter use
nothing but the famous Blush of Rosesfor
your complexion . Yours with best wishes.
Flora A. Jones. South Bend. Ind.
P. S. Call this eve please at T. U.
Thoaias' and learn the particulars.
CM) F Ud
falRRAMK ft CO. ?S!rA&.
i ii biii til i.i 1 1 ' i . iii i nan, i. i n i - u - it
sfBjsj impiii BasesSBansB
J. B. ZIMMER,
A new ami comple'e Treatment, consisting of
Suppositories, Ointment in Capsulrs, also in box
ami pills; a rosit vc cure forextcrnal. internal,
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rendering an operation with the knife nnn cess
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suffer from this terrible di-ea?e when a written
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JAPAHESE LIVES FELLKTS
Acts like magic on the ttoraach, liver and bowels,
dispels dyspepsia, biliousness fever, coM, ner
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stores the complexion; perfect digestion follows
their use : positive cure for Sick Headache and
constipation; small, mild, easv to taki : larpe
vials of 50 pills 25 cents. Hartz & Bahnsen, sole
agents. Rock IslaDd, Ills.
A series of Six Oncerts will be given by
PHOP. OTTO'S MILITARY BAND,
Has Just received a large '.i-rz'.ie ot the latest Imported ard Domestic Sir,, . ...
Snltins. which he is selling t $28.00 and np. His lice of oTerroatinrs cannot t,. .
west of Chicago. A very fine line of pants, which he is selling at $C 00 and .;! Call eu
and make j our selection while the stock is complete.
Stab Block, Opposite Harper House.
OLD GUARD HANDMADE
Only S2.50 Per Gaiion
The first Concert will be given
Thursday Evening, June 9,
t 8 o'clock.
Admission 50 cents Lad es accompanied with
Take Kim street electric ears direct to grounds.
E. OTTO. Merger.
u . r. DIXOJNT
A.nd Dealer in Mens' Fine Woolens.
1706 Second Avei'.f-
C. J. W. SCHREINER,
Contractor and Builder.
1121 and USi Fourth avenne. Residence 1119 Fourth avenue.
Plans and specifications furnished on all clastes of work : alto apent c f filler s Fates! as.J
Sliding Blinds, gomcthing new, stylish and desirable.
HORST VON KOECKRITZ.
ANALYTIC AND DISPENCING
Will he located on Fifth avenue and Twentythird street on or befor, iugu
-ALL KINDS OF-
Cast Iron Woik
done. A specialty of fnrniahlne SL kinds
of Stoves with Castings at 8 eenu
A MACHINE SHOP
m been added where all kinds of machine
work will be done flrat-clasa.
NINTH ST. AND 7th AVE.
DOWNING BROS. , Propts.
We are now ready to serve
you with a delicious dish of
cream. Orders for parties
promptly pttended to.
W. TREFZ & CO.,
2223 Fourth Ave
1803 Second Avenue.
Proprietor of the Brady Street
(Ail k nds of Cut Flowers constantly on hand.
Green Houses Flower Store-
One block north of Central Park, the largest b la. 304 Brady Street, Davenport-' w'
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor and Builder,
Office and Shop Comer Seventeenth St. .
and Seventh Avenue,
'All kind of carpenter work a specialty. Flans and estimates for all kinds of balldinri
famished OB application .
EreryMAN who would knowtbeGRANnTRrTriS.the Plata Fart. CDS
Old Secrets and the New Discoveries of Medical Science as applied t
Married Life, should write for our wonderful llitle book. catiM
"A TREATISE FOR MEN ONLY." To any earnest man n 1 mall wi
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THE ERIE MEDICAL CO.. BUFFALO, H. Y.
Pavenport Business College,
COMPLETE LN AT.T. DEPARTMENTS.
FOB CATALOGUES ADDRESS
J. C. DUNCAN D17313J-