Newspaper Page Text
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
Friday. July 8, 1892.
Pickets Are on the Qui Vive at
ONE DAY OF WATCHFULNESS PAS!
".nd No Further Turbulence for the
Reason That the Sheriff Did Not
Put in an Appearance.
Out of Population or coo.ono Onlj
Thirty-Si Report for Duty at Pitts
burg as Sheriff's I'.kx Tlic Governoi
mi Otlleer ti Look Our the
Ground ami lnj Semi Troops Correct
Iit of tin- Dead ami Wounded in
W daesdayS Nuttle 1 Hlse AktBl at
tin- Sri of Disturbance An Anarch
ist Make a Mistake The first shot
IBWmcK with Prick What a l.aboi
Lender Says Carnegie Refuses to Talk.
PrTTSBCBO, July ft There was DOtrouMs
tt Homestead yesterday. There was no
reason for trouble. Tlie sheriff could not
get deputies to go there, and the mill men
had complete control with pickets out,
guards at the railway stations, and the
town in a complete state of siege. The
news from this city of the sheriff's failure
to Obtain a sufficient posse was nuts to the
strikers, and the governor's deliberation in
coming to a conclusion about ordering out
the militia was equally gratifying SO them.
Until a posse of sheriff's deputies arriv.-s
at Homestead there will be no trouble, as
the company has definitely stated that it
will do nothing further, only hold A le
gheny county responsible for any loss of
property that may occur.
If Hie Militia Goes There.
There is no reason to believe that the
strikers will submit to militia an more
than to Pinkertons. One fact is that thev
hardly ever have in the past, as the strikes
m 1877 and those a year ago in the coke
regions show. Homestead is full of news
paper correspondents, but even these
Ubiquitous personages are not permitted
by the strikers to enter the cotupari's
property. As to the militia Gov. Pattison
up to ti p. m. had made no public move
ment. Adjutant General Greenland and
the heal militia officers were in conference
here yesterday, but say they have no
knowledge of any purpose to call out the
troops, and that Gov. Pattison will not
need to do so.
The Sheriff! Rough Road.
Sheriff .McCleary is to be pitied. His
duty is to enforce the iaw. Wednesday he
issued summonses t, i the citizens In gen
eral and to a couple of hundred in person.
Yesterday there were just thirty-six re
sponses. He telegraphed the fact to the
governor, together with the statement
that when any attempt to obtain posses
sion of the works by the owners is made
another out break will surely occur. The
question asked the sheriff by numerous
citizens is, '-What are you going to dof"
To this he replies t hat be will go to Home
stead today with a posse as large as be can
muster. The posse will be small. Citi
zens have a wholesome dread of trying
conc'.usious with the branny and desperate
men who are in possession t the works.
Correct l ist of Casualties.
An absolutely correct list of casualties
was obtained yesterday and is as follows;
Workmen killed John .Morris; Antony
Wayne; Thomas Weld in, shot ac
cidentally; unknown man, Henry Strie
gel, John Fares, and Joseph Soppo. In
juredGeorge Ketter, probably fatally;
Richard Durham and William Koy, dan
gerously; Henry Husiski, probably fatal
ly; Andy Cndla, badly; Charles Daeska,
may die; Thomas Kane, burnt in leg; An
tonio Palatka, shot in the leg; John Her
Shi, bullet in leg; Charles Mulanki, shot
in arm; Joseph Sodak, shot through the
knee, and twenty-live others slightly
Loss of the Pinkertons.
Pinkertons killed J. W. Kline, Chicago;
Edward Connors, New York; two others,
Whose names could not be learned, shot
and fell overboard. Wounded in fight J.
Emmel, New York, shot in the body in
three places, not serious; George Wall,
Chicago, right arm shot and finger of right
hand shot off; Dan Mangin, of Brooklyn,
hot in fleshy part of right leg, slight;
James S. O'Neil, two slight gunshot
Wounds on scalp; Patrick .McGuirc, Chi
cago, gnnshot wound in fleshy part of left
arm; Joseph May. Chicago, shot in right
leg near the thigh, not serious; Edward
Howard, Chicago, shot in left knee and
right shoulder, slight; William Wendt,
Chicago, shot in left shoulder, flesh wound;
Peter Goodrich, Chicago, little finger of
right hand shot off; Fred Marsh, Chicago,
head grazed by bullet; Jacob Iiurnsteiii,
Chicago, shot through the left ear, scalp
Wound; Ijouis Toombs, Chicago, shot in
calf of left leg, flesh wound, also struck
and bruised; K. Hire, leg bruised by bul
let: Frank lilazern, Chicago, bullet in
right leg, slight wound; Joseph Hamlin,
Chicago, gun-shot wound in left knee,
slight injury; John F. McGovern, of
Philadelphia, bullet in calf of riifht leg;
John Speer, Chicago, bullet in leg; Charles
Crittellen, New York, bullet in left hand,
one in heel and another in head, none
serious. There were nine-six P inkertons
hurt while running the gantlet to the
opera house. These men had bruises, rib
broken, faces lacerated by kicks and vari
ous other wounds, some of which are
ANARCHISTS GET THF BOUNCE.
They Try to Distribute Circulars,
Are Shipped Out of Timn.
About 10 o'clock last night the headquar
ters of the Homestead men were invaded
by three men, who mingled among a good
Sized crowd in the rooms and distributed
an incendiary circular, evidently prepared
by the anarchistic societies of Pittsburg
Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
or pernaps oi inicago. inc men came
near being mobbed, and were hustled off
to the lockup and thialh shipped back to
Pittsburg. The circular had nothing in it
worse than has been tin common talk of
the men at Homestead for a week, except
the last sentence, which was "Brothers,
Extracts from th Circular.
The circular began with the quotation:
"Hesisteuce to tyrants is obedience to
God," and then denounced Carnegie as a
hypocrite; said that hi and Frick had
brought Piukerton aa-assius in "our
peaceful village to numb r us because we
refuse to starve." They vere forcing the
workingmen into revolt! ionary met hols
and force must lie met with force. The
workingmen must have other arms than
revolvers. They must be armed with
Winchesters or sotneth ng better. The
strikers were advised not to permit them
selves to be killed for a ti ifle.
A Private Detect re Scare.
There was also much i xcitement over a
t inior which could not e traced to its
source that the Carnegie company had
flooded the town with private detectives
whose duty it was to get names, dates,
and places concerning a I unlawful acts.
This report acted strongly against -all
Stranger Many of them had been at
tracted here by curiositv, ami the man
who acted the least bit suspiciously, ami
could not give a straight account ol him
self, verified by documents or vouched f ir
by some person known t. the steel work
ers, fi and it very con fort able for his
peace of miad to take the first train out
Rumors of Deputies Coming.
Besides the above there was a rumor
last night that set the town wild and fill
ed the streets with armed men. It was
reported that four carloads of deputies
were en route from pittsl urg and this was
confirmed by Hugh ODonnell, but it
pro id untrue. No de mUes appeared.
Another ru mor was that a train load of
Pinkertons was en route via the Fort
Wayne road, but telegrams along that
line spoiled t lie report.
Conferred with Sher (T McCleary.
A committee of the strikers started for
Harrisburg last night, but got no farther
.mn this city, where the;- met Sheriff Mc
Cleary and had a conference with him.
The Homestead Com mi tee offered the
sheriff deputies from their ranks to guard
the Carnegie Steel coinpai y property. This
the sheriff would not accept. The sheriff
asked that he be allowed to take deputies
into Homestead today tc guard the Car
negie works. This the committee couid
not agree to. They said they would call
a mass meeting of the men to take action
on the sheriff's proposition.
AS TO WHO FIRED FIRST.
What Capt. Rogers, of tho Little Hill,
Bays on This 1 oiut.
Captain William Rogers was the com
manderof the Little Hill and towed one of
the barges all the way and both, part of the
way to Homestead from t lis city He had
no further interest in the trouble than
was involved in being employed to take
a barge to the works. He said yester
day f.f the Pinkertons. "The Piukerton
men, 1 must say, were a g h1 set of men.
They were orderly and perfectly sober.
They made no noise; tl ey simply went
into the barges and stayed there. The
captain in charge called the men to him
and commanded the strictest at tention to
his orders. "No man,' sa d he, "will dare
to fire one shot or raise bis piece without
positive and distinct orders. There will
lie no trouble at Bbmestei d. anil we won't
make any. Our business is to keep the
peace, and not to disturb f."
When the Firing Regan.
Coming to tl penins o the battle Cap
tain lingers, says the stril ers began tiring
from the banks of the -iver before the
boa's landed at the works. When the boats
reach -i I land an attempt was made to get
ashore by the Pinkertons. The fusillade
from the strikers was kept up, but the
Piukerton captain swore vengeance on any
of his men who fired until he got orders to
do so. Continuing, Captain Kodgcrs said:
"As the men were about o land, a man
with a revolver made a da-h for it, firing
all the while. The Pinl.ertons tried to
push him back, and snocee led, when more
followed hini, overpowering the few Pink
ertons. The people fired directly at the
Pinkertons. They fired all over the ba rges
nnd at the Little Hill.
The Pinkertons Make Reply.
"Then the Pinkertons opened quite a
fusillade upon the peopl . As they did
this they received a deadly fire from over
their heads. Some people had stationed
themselves upon the water tower and
shot right down. 1 was s anding in the
midst of them, and one or two Piukerton
men fell about me. The I'inkerton cap
tain, while in front of his men, trying to
clear the landing plank, us shot." The
captain t hen recited the -torv of the Br
ing on the Little B ill when she returned
in the afternoon, and repeated that the
Pinkertons did not. tit-.- ut til after they
w here attacked with tireaims.
INTERVIEW WITH CHAI MAN FRICK.
He Makes a Statement fro n the C ompany
Paint f View.
In an interview- yesterday afterti oon H.
C. Frick. chairman of the Carnegie Steel
Co., limited, said: "The question at issue
is a very grave one. It fa whet her the
Carnegie company or the Amalgamated
association shall have absi lute control of
our plant anil business at Fomestead. We
have decided after numerous fruitless
conferences with the Amalg imated officials
in the attempt to amicably adjust the ex
isting difficulties to operit the plant our
selves. I can say with the greatest
emphasis that under no cir 'umstance will
we have any further dealings with the
Amalgamated association as an organiza
tion. This is final. "
The Trouble with tl e I n ion.
Asked about the basis of he present dif
ficulty Frick said the first oint of differ
ence was as to the price per ton to he paid
workmen for 4x4 steel bil eta. This has
been $25. The company wa ited it reduced
to 188, but offered a com iromise of fc!3,
while the Amalgamated refused to go
below f-J4. The sliding scab- gives the men
the advantage of higher prices as billets
advance, out worn inej imi sneto ro m
limit to the reduction in wages. This the
company thought too one-sided. Besides,
the company since 1889 had introduced
machinery that enabled the men to turn
out much more of the product, thereby
increasing their own earnings. On this
account the company asked a reduction in
tonnage rates where the new machinery
was in operation.
Wages of the Workmen.
Said Frick: "We are prepared to show
that in nearly every department, under our
proposed reduction in the tonnage rates,
the skilled workmen would make more
money than they did when the scale of
Ssf Went into effect." From another
official sou ret t lie vu jjtpf of t lit; rnon niv shIiI
to be from tl.60 to $14.66 per day, the
majority ranging from $6 to 110 per" day,
$1.50 being paid to Bhovelers and other
entirely unkilled laborers. Said the
authority, referring to the strikers: "They
have wives and children dependent on
them, they say. There are lots of men
with wives and children who would be
glad to work at the wages these men re
ject, but they threaten to kill any such
men we bring in."
The Contested Change of Date.
Another point, Frick said, of difference
is the company's proposition to change the
date of expiration of the scale from June
30 to Dec. 31. Said he: "We asked this
change of date for the reason that the
change would permit us to make our esti
mate upon the wages that we must pay
during the year, beginning on Jan. 1, so
that we would be able to make our con
tracts for the year accordingly. This point
the Amalgamated association refused to
concede, and demanded the old dale."
The Homestead state of Siege.
Frick continued: "Findlna that it was
impossible to arrive at any agreement
Srith the Amalgamated officials, we de
cided to close our works at Homestead.
Immediately the town was taken posses
sion of by the workmen. An advisory
committee of fifty took npon itself the
direction of the affairs of the place, the
streets were patrolled by men appointed
by the committee, ami every stranger en
tering the town la-came a subject of sur
veillance; was closely questioned and if
there was the slightest rea-cn to suspect
him. he was ordered to leave the place in
stantly under threat of bodily harm.
Kather Astonished Mr. Frick.
"This condition of affairs lasted until
Tuesday, when I appealed to the sheriff
of Allegheny county, Stating the farts as
1 have outlined them. The sheriff visited
Homestead and talked with the advisory
committee. Its members asked that they
be permitted to appoint men from their
own number to act as deputy sheriff-; in
other words, the men who were interfering
with the exercise of our corporate rights,
preventing us from conducting our busi
ness affairs, requested that they be clothed
with the authority of deputy sheriffs to
take charge of our plant! The sheriff de
clined their proposition and the advisory
torn mitt ee disbanded The rest of the
Story is a familiar one."
W hy Pinkertons Were Calleil Upon.
To t he question as to why the company
called in Pinkertons Frick replied that
they were only wanted for watchmen on
the company's property; that the sheriff
had never been able to do his duty in cases
like this; that the company had acted
because it bad previously had experiences
of the sheriff's inability to enforce the law;
that three years ago the sheriff bad tried
with 100 deputies, who were driven off w ith
threats of violence; that the watchmen had
been taken to Homestead at night especially
to prevent trouble, thinking that the com
pany had the right to put watchmen on
its ow n property.
llee lined a Conference.
To other questions Frick said that
While the rioting w as going on Wednes
day a representative of t he Amalgamated
had made overtures for a settlement, of
fering to concede everything except the
change of date, but the proposition was
rejected because at that time tin work
men were rioting and destroying tin com
pany's property. The matter was now in
the hands of the Allegheny county au
thorities; that the Pinkertons went to
Homestead with full knowledge of the
sheriff and in charge of Deputy Gray, who
had instructions to deputise the guards,
if necessary; that a full investigation
showed that the Pinkertons were fired
upon for twenty-live minutes before they
replied, whicb was after three of them had
been wounded, one fatally.
As io Proposed Investigation.
He regretted the loss of life, but Would
to the extent of his power protect the
company s property. As to a congres
Bional investigation, he welcomed it and
was prepared with abundant facts to
emphasize the justice of the company's
position. The company had not consider
ed politics in the matter at all. It could
not afford to run its business and politics
at the same time. However, the question
of protective tariff was not involved in
the matter at all, and every intelligent
man knew it.
Denounced by a Treacher.
The funeral services over the bodies of
John Morris. Silas Wanier and Peter
Forras were held in the Episcopal church
here yesterd ay, and were conducted by
Kev. J. Mcllyar, 1). 1). In his sermon
Dr. Mcllyar made a direct attack on 11 C.
Frick. chairman of the Carnegie Steal
company, and the company was scored
VIEWS FROM THE OTHER SIDE.
A Labor Leader I. ays the Whole Blame
In labor circles generally the feeling
against H. C. Frick, upon w hom is placed
nil the responsiblity of the trouble at
Homestead, is great. One prominent
labor leader said yesterday: There is not
a doubt in my mind that Frick is directly
responsible for the riot and consequent
loss of life at Homestead. Xhe argument
is used that the had a perfect right to
bring who he pleased to his works along a
highway of the United States.
An Alleged Hlght Disputed
"I claim, and I am supported by the best
legal authority in the city, that under the
circumstances he had no such right. The
very fact of the men being in force and
armed was of itself a menace to the peace
of the community, and you will find that
when affairs there have settled down some
what and the smoke of the battle has
blown away, Mr. Frick and his Pinker
ton friends may realize that they are in a
very bad box with the ugly charge of
murder hanging over their heads.
A Precedent (Quoted.
"Now, you may think this is extravagant
talk, but I've good legal opinion back of it.
Why, don't you retnemler the case of the
Murraysville oil well riot, when Weston
and Haymaker sent up armed posses of
men to take possession of the property?
Weston and his chief were botn indicted
for murder and sent to Riverside. 1 tell
you, sir, no individual or corporation has
nny right to arm a body of men and let
them loose on the community under the
flimsy and ridiculous pretense that they
have been marshaled for the purpose of
preserving the peace.
r&ouiesicaa vas a Haven ot I'eaee.
"What was the situation at Homestead
before these Pinkertons sought to invade
itf Was it peaceful or otherwise? There
was no more necessity for the introduction
of an armed force there than there would
be to send a contingent into any of our
churches on Sunday. It was an outrage,
nothing short of it, and I think the blame
ought to be placed where it belongs, and
that is on H. C. Frick, the man who forced
Carnegie Will Say Nothing.
London, July 8.--A correspondent has
been tracing Andrew Carnegie since
Wednesday with the object of getting his
views about the struggle at Homestead.
Carnegie was found yesterday afternoon
at Braemar, in A berdeenshire. He posi
tively declined making any statement
whatever. He has, within the last day or
two, sent and received numerousdispatches
by cable, and there is no doubt that he is
kept fully informed of events on the
Will Close the Homestead Mills.
CHICAGO, July S. In an interview last
owning William A. Piukerton declared
that Carnegie has decided to close the
mills at Homestead until nou-.inion men
are allowed to peaceably go to work, and
bold the county for all damages that may
result from the actions of the strikers.
What Gov. Pattison Says.
HabrISBUBG, Pa. .July 8. The governor
has sent the adjutant general to Home
stead to investigate the situation. He
said last night that tioops would be on
hand to assist the civil authorities when
ever he was satisfied that the power of the
latter had been exhausted.
mill a .11 j Mery.
The body of Miss Mary Martens, the
unfortunate younrr girl who was killed
Dear Montpelier on Tuesday, was in
terred at Muscatine yesterday, it beiDg
thought best to do so as the girl's mother
ie vi ry ill and has not yet been informed
of her daughters death. Thk Atu;us
was informed by a sister of the deal girl
that Miss Martens was at home on the
Fourth and ffent the day with her folks.
Why the unfortunate gill was walking
along the railroad track near Montpelier
when she met her fate may never be
known, and in the absence of anything
to the contrary it may be believed she
was coming home. The Muscatine
News-Tribune has, like the Journal,
furnished considerable information of the
girl's whereabouts while in Muscatine
prii r to her death, and says:
A youDg lady by that name stopped at
the ! cott house on the night of the 22d
f June, and stated that she was looking
for employment. She said her name wa?
Mary Martens and that she lived in K ick
Island. The same young lady visited
tl e Scott house sgain on the morning of
J ly4and left a sitchel and a bundle
there, and said that she had just come in
fr m Leitdei kei's, where she had been
wot king, and would call for her things in
a day or two. Mrs. Scott and two of her
daughters visited the undertaking estab
lishment this morning ar.il ident:li-.d 'he
remHins as those of the same gir! who
had been at the Scott house on the above
Justice How an, w ho has an employ
ment agency, secured May Martens a po
sition at the county farm abou' two weeks
(Co. On yesterday, about 8-30 o clock,
she came into his office and told him that
she spent the Fourth in Rock Island and
wan'ei another place. He told her lo
come around about 4 o'c.ocs yesterday
afternoon. Between 9 and 10 o'clock
: s'erdsy morning she came around a
stcoad time and told him not lo get htr a
place as she was going back to Heck Isl
and on ibcFintly. Constable Friilicr,
who whs in the office the second time
she came in, is positive that
the body at Day's is that of Mav Martens,
and Justice Rowan thinks so, but is not
positive. He does not think the clothis
she had on when killed correspond with
those she wore in his office yistetdy
Justice Rowan, Constable Frutig and a
repc rter went to the Scott bouse this
moraine when the valine May Martens
left there was opened and found to con
tain several suinn.tr dresses, plainly
made, a valentine addressed to her at No.
2,830 Sixth avenue, Rock Island, and
several funey cards given her by friend -f.
A card with her average in various
studies at an academy in Rock Island,
dated 1 f 90. was also found.
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
is the world-famed remedy for all
chronic weaknesses and distressing
derangements so common to Ameri
can women. It is a potent, invigor
ating, restorative tonic, or strength
giver, imparting tono and vigor to
the whole system. For feeble- wo
men generally, Dr. Pierce's Favorite
Prescription is tho greatest earthly
boon. Guaranteed to give satis
faction in every case, or money re
funded. See guarantee printed on
A Book of 160 pages, on "Wo
man : Her Diseases, and How to
Cure them," sent scaled, in plain
envelope, on receipt of ten cents, in
stamps. Address, World's Dispen
sary Medical Association, No. 663
Main Street, Buffalo, N. Y.
This firm have the exclusive sale for this county of the
-Pietros aqcl Orcrarjs;
WEBER, STU YVES ANT, DECKED BROS., WHEELOCK,
ESTEY, AND CAMP & CO.'S PIANOS,
And the ESTEY, WESTERN COTTAGE and FAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
PA fc!i line also of email Musical merchandise. We have in onr emnloy a first-class Place Tuner.
$4.00 per Month for Ten years
or $6.00 per Month for Six years
PaysS Principal and Inteit and seeures vou
a Deed with Abstract of Title.
ON EACH PLAN. LOCATION 38th ST.
PRICES WILL BE ADVANCED.
Come early and secure choice locations and lowest prices
BUFORD & GUYER'S Addition.
Apply to J. M. Buford or E. H. Guver.
T A r" T .T" SS
The Finest SAMPLE ROOM in the Three cities.
Always on hand a replete liue.of Imported and Domestic Ci
gars and Liquors. Milwaukee Beer always on draft.
Two doors west of his old place.
A One :unch from 9 to U every morning
Rock Island Brass Foundry
AND ARCHITECTURAL IRON WORK.
All kinds of brass, bronz? and aluminum bronze casting, all shade- and temjer Make
a specialty of brass metal pattern and artt-tic work.
Sac r ami Office At 1S11 First avenue, near Ferry landing. - - ROCK ISLAND.
J. MAGEK, Propiietor.
Great Clearing Sale
500 New and Stylish Trimmed
150 Spring Jackets reduced to
400 Wrappers from 50 cents
upward at the
114 West Second Street, Davenport.
PROTECT YOUR EYES
MR H HIRSCHBERG.
The i!t-l n wa 'p-ic!an of 629 Olive St
(S. K.ror. Trhsad OUTe), St. Lonls. baV
rpolnted T H. Thomas ss age nt for hit
celt lira e-i Diamond Spectacles sad Kye-
EJSSSSS, Sttd alpo for his Diamond Non
Cbangeable ; taclcs am! Eyegissse
lh- f.i-M! are the greatest invention
svsrawde In rectack-s itu a
construction of tne Let. a person pnr
ahssing a j air of these Nor.-Cbanireable
Qlsstes never has to chants theee clase
from the eyes. an. 1 every t a r ; nrchased
s guaranteed, ?o that if they ever leave
the iyer (no matter how or scratched the
Lenses are) they wili tarnish the party
with a t ew pair of c lasses free of charee
T. H. THOMAS has foil assortment
and invites all to tadsfv themelves
of the great SBperfodt! of the. e Glasses
ov or any and all others now in ue to cal
and examine the same at T.H. Thomas'
druggist and optician, RociIland. '
No Peddlers Supplied.
Sandwiches of all kinds always or. hand.