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Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
Saturday. Jcit 5:3. 1S92.
The Noted Detectives Before
the House Committee.
KNIGHTS OF LABOR ASK QUESTIONS.
Robert Pinkerton Replies to Each One In
Order The Story of the Homestead
Riot Affaln Retold with the Connection
of the Detective Agency Therewith A
' Statement Submitted Giving the Other
Side of the Case A Xon-l'nlon Mill
Goes on Sympathetic Strike Palmer's
Views Indorsed by the Strikers.
Washington, July 28. The hons com
mittee which is investigating the Home
tl troubles had "Billy" and "Robt. A.
Pinkerton before it yesterday. It also had
present Devlin, Hayes and Wright, of the
K. of L. who had a string of twenty-four
questions they wanted the Pinkertons to
answer. The committee considered the
questions in executive session and con
cluded that it would use them, especially
as the Messrs Pinkerton had not the least
objection te dointc so. The first three
questions were routine ones, a9 to the
names of the members of the firm, loca
tious of tl.c offices, and nature of business
' netting to the Homestead Matter.
Questions four and five wanted to know
how many gnus, etc., the agency owned
July 4, and where they were, and the
number of persons in the agency's employ
on same date, with names, etc. Ko. 6
wanted to know what authority the
Pinkertons exercised over their employes
whether the men were required to go
wherever ordered and perform whatever
nervice, and in prosecuting this inquiry
No. 7 aked for a copy of any contract
with an eniplove in wmins. Then No. S
asks complete information as to the afjree-
trtf h I- t-itr u t a I , . ruirmfrn upvtM
The Men on the Herges.
This inquiry is prosecuted farther in
Xos. It and 10 and X. 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 1&,
17, 13 aud l'J iifke.d all about the number
of men on the dares that went to Home
stead, whether the barges were ironclad,
why barges were used instead of the ordin
ary moiies of travel, number of men on
each, how the men got together at or near
Pittsburg, why there were so many fire
arms on the barges, whether the men
were not instructed to take life if it were
necessary to obtaiu possession of the
works and variations of the.se points.
Tli Last loar Questions.
The twentieth question asked whether
the Tinkertous knew that It was their duty
to apply to court before they employed
force. Xo. iiU asked whether the agency
trii.il fii-t to t;et the authority of t he execu
tive of Pennsylvania lefore "taking armed
luen into the statu." No. 21$ asked whether
Pinkerton would not have the "same right
to place 10,0-0 lrmored b:;rges on the waters
of the United States eqi.ii f.eJ," etc., as the
JHon:fter.d barg"S were. The last question
was ai, f uliou ; '-How many hunmu lives
have your employes taken since your
agency lirt entered upon the business of
supplying men to protect the property of
corporations aud employers against so
called 'striker, or to make effective so
called iock-outsf'" Ilobert Pinkerton
ies to Five of the Queries.
Witness in reply to the first three ques
tions said that the National Pinkerton
agency was controlled by Robert A. and
William Pinkertou, with their main
offices in New York and Chicago. The
farmer was operated by Robert Pinkerton
and the latter by William Pinkerton.
They also had six other branches in other
cities. The nature of the business of the
agency was to furnish watchmen to pri
vate business firms, race courses, fairs,
etc "Replying to question four he said
that the agency had about 300 rifles, 400
pistols, clubs, etc., deposited at Chicago.
In reply to question five he said that the
number of persons employed did not ex
ceed COO in all parts of the country, in
cluding clerks, stenographers, etc., and
to the best of his belief, the number of men
employed by them never exceeded 600 at
AS TO THE MEAT OP THE MATTER.
What Is Required of the Men The Home
To questions six and seven Pinkerton
t-erdied that the agency was simply 'an
employer as regarded their men, who were
required to be sober and industrious; the
agency exercised on authority over its men
except that if an employer; the men were
mot required to bear arms or to go where'
they were ordered, if the service did not
suit them; by his lawyer's advice he
refused to show a contract with one of his
men. Coming down to the specific
matter in hand he said the Carnegie com
pany had asked for about 800 watchmen.
Queries About the Barges.
The company wanted the men by July
6. and tbey were supplied from New York,
Chicago and Philadelphia, and knew what
they were wanted for. lie didn't beiieve
the barges were ironclad, and would not
bave let bis men go on them if he had
thought they would be attacked. The
barges were used because is was expected
that they would be permitted to lns
upon the company's property without a
breach of .the peace. The sole purpose of
the barge movement was to avoid meet
ing the strikers. Had the agency known
thai the men conld not laud without a
fight it wonld not have moved without
authority from the governor or sheriff.
Instructions to the Watchmen.
There were about 810 men, 230 rifles, and
800 pistols, amnmaitiou and night clubs.
All were nnder charge of F. H. Hines, a
trustworthy, prudent, and reliable old em
nlaye of the agency. They met at Ashta
bula, O., and were ;-ut on the barges at a
point near loungstown. (J. finkerton
replied to all the above questions in the
freest and frankest manner, except as to
the contract. Then he said in reply to
question IS: "The arms on the barges were
in boxes, and were destined for the yardi
and private property of the: Carnegie com
pany. Our positive instructions were that
tbey should not be given to the men until
after they had been sworn in by the sher
iff, and we were assured that would be
done upon the first signs ot trouble. Our
men were not to commit a breach of the
'peace, and there was no understanding
that they were to with the Carnegie people
or any one else. We would uot permit the
men to use force to recover possession of
the works unless they had been sworn in
by the sheriff."
Some Other Points Answered.
The men would not have fired had they
not been attacked and six of their number
killed; it was understood by the agency
that the company baf made due applica
tion to the authorities, and that the men
were going to. Homestead with the ap
proval and consent of said authorities; the
agency was advised by counsel that it had
a perfect right to send watchmen from one
state to another; it never sent an armed
body anywhere; the principal deputy of
the sheriff of Allegheny county went
with the men to Homestead. As to the
question of tbe right to send 10,000 barge?,
etc., Pinkerton said that was a question
of law upon which he would not presume
to instruct the committee.
Answer to Question Nat 24.
In reply to tbe last question Piukertou
said: "in ail our experience not a single
instance can be cited where our men fired
upon strikers except as a last resort to
save their lives. In twenty years three
men have been killed by our watchmen up
to the time of the Homestead affair. In
every instance they were sworn in as
deputy sheriffs or peace officers, and when
ever tried have baen acquitted." His mon
went armed when on duty as peace officers
or when defending life or property. He
referred in reply to questions to a number
of instances where his men had acted as
guards for railways when strikes were in
progress. If his men at Homestead had
fired to kill they would probably have dis
lodged the mob.
Challenges the Labor People.
In reply to further questions Pinkerton
said that he never knew of a strike where
the labor organizations did uot attack and
injure non-union ineu. He could cite a
number of cases where members of labor
organizations were arrested and imprisoned
for such crimes. He did not know of a
single case w here his men had begun the
firing or trouble and challenged the labor
people to show such a case.
IJeeliuert to Answer a Question.
He was asked if he ever detailed men
to act as Knights of Labor, but declined
to answer, as that related to his private
business. He believed that his men fired
over the heads of the mob at Homestead,
as if they had lir-jil to kill there would
have been greater mortality. William A.
Pinkerton was i.ext examined. He con
firmed his brother's testimony, and said
the agency did not seek employment in
labor troubles it was forced upou them.
Concludes the Tektimony.
After a few more words from Ilobert
Pinkerton the testimony was closed as
far as the Pinkertons are concerned prob
ably. Chairman Oates thanked the two
brothers for their evidence, and Robert
Pinkerton returned the compliment for
the committee's kindness to them. He
said he wished the committee could visit
Chicago and examine the books and pa
pers of the agency.
PINKERTON'S MAKE A STATEMENT.
Tbey Tell la Writing tlieir View of the
Merits of the Case.
The Hesters Pinkerton submitted to
the committee ia writing a statement of
which the following are the salient points.
The stutment says that the men employed
by the agency are selected with great care.
No unreliable or untrustworthy men are
employed; none have ever been convicted
of crime. They are never permitted to carry
arms except to defend life or property aud
would not have been sent to Homestead
if assurance had not been given that they
would be deputized as soon as it became
Tbe Firing at Homestead.
The men did not fire at Homestead until
Klein "had been murdered" and five other
watchmen wounded. The strikers made a
breastwork of women and children, and
fired from behind them, yet not one of these
women and children had been hurt. He then
recited the treatment the men received
after surrender in spite of the solemn
promise of the leaders that they would be
protected, and after giving instances of
the brutality displayed the statement says:
"The acts of the strikers, after our men
surrendered, would be a disgrace to sav
ages. Yet, because doue iu the name of
organized American labor, sympathy, if
not encouragement, is shown for Bucb
deeds by part of the pre and by political
The Principle That Is Involved.
The statement continues: "We do not
shirk responsibility for any of our acts in
this or any other strike. The coming
murder trials ought to bring out the
truth and uphold the law. The principle
involved is of far more importance thun
are the merits of the present controversy
between the Carnegie company aud its
workmen. We have no quarrel with or
ganized labor, and they have no cause of
complaint against us, except in bo far as
they attempt to destroy property and life,
and to violate the law.
A Blast at Organized Labor.
. "If the owners of mills, factories, mines,
railroads and other valuable p so petty can
not employ watchmeu to protect iife aud
property, then all capital so invested is
practically at the meicy of secret labor
organizations, whose tyranny and despot
ism exceed anything ever known in the
history CT the world. These societies in
timidate whole com aiunities by threats of
murder, and are determined upon murder
or destruction of property if their de
xnands, no matter how unreasonable or
impracticable, are not complied with.
What Strikers Have Done. ,
"Every large strike has shown that these
labor organizations will murder and de
stroy property out of sheer wantonness
aud revenge. During the Chicago ' Stove
company's strike the strikers concealed
explosives in a mould in order to cause
explosions when the molten metal was
poured in. During the strike of the Chi
cago, Burlington and Quincy railroad dy
namite was put under trains by the lead
ers of the strike in the expectation that
trains would be blown up and innocent
passengers killed. During the recent
strike on the New York Central obstruc
tions were repeatedly placed on the track
bv strikers, and in one instance a train of
cars filled with sleeping passengers was
t a row n down a steep embankment.
Cunning Piece of Atrocity Charged.
"In the city of New York, during the
stonecutters' strike, strikers, in order to
kill non-union men, unwound a part of
the rope of a windlass, and during the
night poured acid on the rope and re-wound
it, so that the next day non-union men
might be killed in ascending by the falling
stones. T. hese fiendish acts were done by
labor organizations in the promotion of
theirstrikes. These are but a few instances
where the strikers controlled by secret
labor organizations have sought to murder
and destroy property.
As They See the Homestead Situation.
"It was morally certain from the threats
of the men themselves that the strikers at
Homestead would resort to similar vio
lence and attempt to destroy the property
of the Carnegie company if any attempts
were made ,o supply their places with
non-union men. At the present time
thousands of men would go to Homestead
attracted by the high wages paid there, if
they were assured of protection in the
right to earn their living.
The Rusiness ot Watching Property.
"The business of watching and guarding
rivr ronertv is now extensively carried
ou in large cities in this country, not only
by ourserres, but by many other reputable
soncerns. Thousands of banks, residences,
warehouses, offices, stores, etc., are thus
protected and guarded by private watch
men. If men cannot lawfully act as pri
vate watchmen in a large manufacturing
plant, then it must follow that the bank
or the private house, cannot be protected
or guarded. It would, we think, surprise
the community if it should be declared by
congress that the right to protect one's
property and to hire servants or agents to
assist in so doing no longer exists in this
country." The statement closes with the
assertion on the authority of counsel that
Pinkerton men and a right to go to Home
stead as they did.
MORE TROUBLE FOR CARNEGIE.
The ZSon-Uuion Men at Duquesne Quit
Work in Sympathy. w'-
Pittsbitrg, July S3. The employes of
the Carnegie Steel compauy, , located at
Duquesne, about two miles from the
Homestead works, alout 6;K in number,
struck at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon in
sympathy with the locked-out men at
II omestead, leaving only the bosses to draw
the last heat. Gov.Pattison left HomesteaJ
for Harrisbnrg yesterday afternoon. Dur
ing his visit he did notenter the borough of
Homestead at all, remaining in camp all
the time, and when he left the train went
through the mill yards.
Identified Hugh O'Donnell.
It seems tLat the Carnegie people intend
to prosecute O'Donnell for murder. Yes
terday he was lined up with a dozen other
prisoners in the jail, and half a dozen detec
tives alleged to have beeu at the mill dur
ing the fight on July 6 went one at a time
to see if they could identify any of the
prisoners as having lieen present and active
during the riot. It is said that they
promptly recognized O'Donnell.
Lawyers antl Strikers Disagree.
There is a well authenticated report
that the strikers have fallen out with
their counsel, Brennnn, and that they will
carry on the strike without legal help as
far as possible. The cause is reported to
be tisat the lawyers are acaiust the prosecu
tion of Carnegie, Frick, and others for
murder and treason.
The Military Guard.
There is good authority for the report
that all the soldiers will be withdrawn
froi Homestead in a short time except
1,000 volunteers, who will remain to the
end. The strkers have issued an address
counselling peace aud good order in which
they say that the most evident charac
teristic of the times is the centralization
of wealth in the hands of a few, giving
them despotic power.
Adopt Senator Palmer's Views.
The feature of the address is the adoption
of the views expressed by Senator Palmer
in his speech in the senate, so widely com
mented upon, with reference to the rights
of workmen in large industrial concerns.
The senator's view s are almost literally
adopted. They claim "equitable interests
and rights" in the mill that "cannot be
modified without due process of law" and
propose to prosecute those rights. In the
meantime they demand of congress and
tbe legislatures a distinct assertion of those
rights. Tbe address closes with a pledge
to refrain from violence.
Evictions and Jiew Men.
Evjction notices were served on forty
or fifty occupants of the houses on Shanty
hill yesterday. The men can be evicted
whether willing to pay rent or not. Forty
or fifty new men arrived at the mills " yes
terday and it is said that the company has
nearly 1(00 men there now.
Two More Mill Men Arrested.
O'Donnell and Ross had two of their
fellow-workmen for company in the coun
ty jail last night. At a late hour Detec
tive Jesse Morris came iu from Home
stead having in custody Matthew Foy,
aged 55 years, father of William Foy, who
was dangerously injured by a Pinkerton
bullet, and Peter Allen, aged 50 years,
whom he had arrested at Homestead on
warrants charging them with murder.
These are two of the fifteen men against
whom Secretary Lovejoy made informa
Capital Colon vs. Labor Union.
New York, July 2a. At a meeting held
at the Astor House of the Associated Brick
Compauy and Brick Barge Owners, the
following resolution was adopted: That
we will not submit to dictation by the
Brick Handlers' Union or any other union;
that, we who are owners of barges or ves
sels engaged in the brick carrying busi
ness, will hereafter employ only such men
as will unload and deliver our brick to
any party or at any place where they may
be ordered by their employers or their
The Rase Hall Record.
Chicago, July 23. Following are the
League scores at base ball recorded yes
terday: At Boston Chicago 6, Boston 8;
at New York St. Louis 1, New York 9;
at Brooklyn Cincinnati 3, Brooklyn 6; at
Baltimore Louisville 8, Baltimore lb; at
Washington Pittsburg 1, Washington
12; at Pniladephia Cleveland 7, Philadel
IUUkoiatXDWa:- At mock isiana noct
Jsland-Maline 12, Jacksonville 2; at liock
tord Joliet C, liockford 9.
a w..u nifiH IttmtC. R. r
rassescer Train - titer Kallread
The painters are at work on the C. , R
I. & P. roundhouse and are quite i
ohanee In its appearance.
R. R. Cable's private car. which
parsed through the city Thursday was
given a taste of fast running from iav
The C R. I. & P. has a large num
ber of new stock cars that have just been
put on. They are said to be some of the
best rolling stock on any, of the wcsiern
Engine No. 18 of the R. I. & P. was
dersied at Coal Valley this morning and
switch eneine No. 3 was sent out to ren
der assistance. AH trains were delayed
several hours in consequence
There has been a perceptible falling
off in both freight and passenger business
on all the roads of late. Through pas
senger business to the west and north is
very good, however.
On Thursday night Conductor Ded
rick. of the C, R. I. & P., had a lady
who had come in to Davenport put in
his charge, being told by the conductor
whom he had relieved that she had acted
rather strangely. Tbe conductor, after
lea vine her, went through the train to
collect, and on coming back found she
had disappeared and could nowhere be
found. When he reached the city he
left her hat and some other articles that
she had left in the train in charge of the
ticket office here, and the police in Dav
enport were notified, but no trace of the
missing woman has yet been found. It
is not known how she could have
escaped from the train, as she must have
alighted after the train bad started.
Ground has been broken by J. B. Zim
mer on his property at the corner of Sev
enteenth s'.reet and Fifib avenue for a
hmdsome double 2-story residence for
which C J. W. Schreicer has the con
tract. It will be of modern design witb
all the latest conveniences and will cost
John Gipson expects to more into bis
new horse shoeing shop which be is hav
ing built just across from his present lo
cation on Seventeenth street, about the
first of the month. It was designed es
pecially for that business and will be a
model of its kind, presenting a band-
some exterior appearance. It will cost
Drum nr aiailw ay Man.
PEor.IA, lit.', July 23.--J. F. Kelsey died
yesterday of heart trouble at his rcsiuni- e
in Havana, Mason county. lie was for
years connected with the Peoria, i'ekiu
and Jacksonville railroad, now i lie Jack
sonville and Southern line, as treasurer
aud president. He wits extensively known
in railroad circles a quarter of acintury
The Mitchell Case.
MKMPHIS, July 23. The evidence in the
Mitchell case for the past few days goes
to show that tbe claim that Alice Miic.n-11
and Freda Ward ;id not care lor men
cannot be made good; at any rte U- i
inony has Ihwu given proving that they
Were arrant flirts would flirt with any
body, known or unknown, even married
Ilamsge That One Owl Iid.
Kingston, X. Y., July iUJ. James Met
calf, of Mount Upton, found iu one of his'
heu houses a monstrous owl of the hoot
variety. The brood of fowls were either
iuside the owl or lying about with their
beads bitten off. Upward of forty head
less chicKcns lay scattered in view.
Terrible Volcanic Eruption.
LOXDOX, July 23. The volcan ic erup
tion on the island of Saugir in the Cele
bes sea is confirmed, but the loss of life is
not jo great as reported, though sufficiently
awful Between 2,000 and 3,000 persons
perished, and the havoc to property was
' Fashion's favorit
fad, centers in that famous, fascina
ting game lawn tennis.
But there are women who cannot
engage in any pastime. They are
delicate, feeble and easily exhausted.
They are sufferers from weaknesses
and disorders peculiar to females,
which are accompanied by sallow
complexions, expressionless eyes and
For overworked, " worn - oat,"
" ran - down," debilitated teachers,
milliners, dressmakers, 6can:stresses,
"shop-girls," housekeepers, nursing
mothers, and feeble women gen
erally. Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre
scription is the greatest earthly
boon, being nneonalcd as an appe
tizing cordial ana restorative tonic.
It's the only medicine for women,
sold by druggists, under a positive
guarantee from the makers, of sat
isfaction in every case, or money re
funded. This guarantee has bees
faithfully carried sut for 'years, 4
This firm have the exclusive sale for this county o the
IPietrjos arid Orgretrs,
WEBER, 8TTJ YVES ANT, DECKER BR08., WHEELOCK,
ESTEY, AND CAMP & CO.'S PIANOS,
And the ESTEY, "WESTERN COTTAGE and FAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
FA fall line also of small Musical nerchandite. We have in our employ a tr?t-c'.if F'.izz Tzntr
$4.00 per Month for Ten years
or $6.00 per Month for Six years
Pays Principal and Interest and seeures you
a Deed with Abstract of Title.
ON EACH PLAN. LOCATION 88th ST.
PRICES WILL BE ADVANCED.
Come early and secure choice locations and lowest prices
BUFORD & GUYER'S Addition.
Apply to J. M. Buford or E. H.'Guyer.
The Finest SAMPLE ROOM in the Three cities.
Always on hand a replete line of Imported and Domestic Ci
gars and Liquora. Milwaukee Beer always on draft.
WM. D RES SEN.
Two doors west of his old place.
A fine lunch from to li every morning. Sandwiches of all kinds always on hand.
25 Per Cent
PROTECT YOUR EYES 1
MR. H. HIRSCHBERG.
The well-known Optician of tss O'Ave St.
(S. E. cor. 7th ani Olive K St. Lcz'r. bu
appointed T. ii.Tboiaae aeon: fir h:
celebra-ed DiaracDd :?;-:" ic":C- .:ra Eye
glasFe?, and also for his tian-.oiid Nje
Changeable Spectacle asd Evei-.i."e?
The elates are the sreati' rr-vcrtl."-ever
nude in epectacies. Kr s pr-;:
construction of tne Ltk a ptr-oa ;zr
chasing a pair of thee Nos-t.'caci.-e.ia.e
(ilasfes never has to chanie tiite
from the eyes, and every "ta r ;.nrcia.-d
is guaranteed, so tiat if they ever
tbe eyer (no matter how or cra-ched "e
Lenses are) they will furnJ.-h tie ;ir.j
with a new pair of elasses free of chv?.
T. H. THOMAS ha a f ill asortmtLt
and invites all to rvisfr ihemt.-:re
of the great superiority of theft G:i.-r
over any and all others now in u-e to csl
and examine tbe same stT.H. rbomM',
druggist and optician. Hoci Island.
"No Peddlers Supplied.
Second Street, Davenport.