Newspaper Page Text
land Daily Argui
V0L.:XL. NO. 234.
ROCK ISLAND, WEDNESDAY JULY 27, 1892.
I 81n;le Copies 5 Cento
1 Per Week ISM Cento
We never carry goods over from one season
to another, Prices is what does the business.
Some Goods we give you 1-4 off.
Some Goods we give you 1-3 off.
Some Goods we give you 1-2 off.
Which means at prices much
other Clothier dare sell them.
100 doz. fast Black Socks worth 25 ctS per pair
6 pair for 75 cts.
Mens Underwear an elegant article for - 25 cts.
Extra good for - - - - - 50 cts.
Star Shirt Waists worth - - - - Is cts to $1.50
your- choice of any waist in the store for 50 cts.
Bring a list of what you want and we guarantee
to save you from 25 to so per cent on every
purchase. We are the only Cash House in
the city. You pay for no loss of bad debts
when you trade with us.
SAX & BICE, Proprietors of
less than any
Atdrich Delivers a Long Speech
to the Senate.
DEFENSE OF THE M'KHTLEY BILL.
The Snhjeet Treated Exhaustively from
the Republican Standpoint A Claim
That the Cost f Living Baa Been
Red need. Wages Increased and the
Farmer Made More Prosperous Test
Makes Some Criticisms and Carlisle
Promises a Keply at Length Brief
Remarks by Palmer.
Washington, July 27. Forty senators
constituted the audience that listened yes
terday to one of tbe most exhaustive
speeches on the tariff ever delivered in
the senate, Aldrich was the speaker and
he opened with the statement that the
radical declaration of the Democratic
platform on the subject of the tariff had
made but one prominent question before
the people and that was the tariff. The
Democratic platform was a radical depart
ure from previous utterances of that
party. Not since the nullification move
ment had the Democracy declared the
doctrine of protection unconstitutional,
and made that assertion the essential ele
ment of a political creed. It meant
antagoiusin to any tariff scheme that con
tained the element of protection.
Cost of Living Under Protection.
Referring to the report of the finance
committee on this subject the senator said
that the cost of living, based on the ex
penditures of a family in ordinary circum
stances, had declined S 4 per cent, in May,
1892, as compared with the period prior
to the adoption of the tariff act of 1890.
The advance in wages, as shown by the
same report, was .75 of 1 per cent. This
makes an average advance in the pur
chasing power of wages of 4.15 per cent.
Assuming $600 as the average income of
the families of the country this would be
equivalent to $25 per family, or an aggre
gate saving for 13,000,000 families of $425,
000,000 for each year.
Cost of Living iu England.
He then said that it was very significant
that while the cost of living iu the United
States declined for the period covered by
the investigation of thi linauce commit
tee, the cost of living in England increased
1.9 per cent. "If the conditions had been
reversed our Democratic friends would
have insisted that this was the direct and
logical result of the rival rt venue systems.
At no time in our history have the earn
ings of the American people been as great,
measured by their power to purchase the
comforts and necessaries of life, as they
are to-day. Measured by the same stand
ard they are vastly greater than those of
any people in the world."
Labor Cost of Production.
The labor cost of production is taken up
and the relation of wages to the tariff is
considered. It is of course impossible to
determine the proper rates of duty to be
levied upon any article by a comparison of
the single element of wages, or even the
relative earnings of labor in different
countries. The rule that should apply in
fixing the rates ot protective duties is that
they should in all cases equal the differ
ence between the cost of production and
distribution, under normal conditions,
of tbe article mi question in our own and
in the competing country where the cost
of productiou is lowest. This was the
rule which was followed in the prepara
tion of the act of 1SS0.
Claim as to Kffect on Wages.
Aldrich continued as follows: "While it
is not claimed that protective tariffs guar
antee any particular scale of wages in a
particular country, and while tariff rates
cannot be based directly on tbe difference
in ascertained wages or even in the rela
tive earnings of people in competing coun
tries, it will be readily seen that by the
rule I have iaid down this difference be
comes indirectly the basis upon which all
duties are levied, as tariff rates are fixed
by the difference in the cost of productioa
between competing countries, and the
difference iu tbe cost of production
in the final analysis consists of a differ
ence in wages or earniugs."
CRITICISM OF TARiFF RATES.
Tbe Rule That Should Apply la Fifing
the Iutles Strikes.
The speaker then said that tariff rates
were frequently criticised because certain
statistical reports show that the so-called
percentage of labor cost of production in
a particular article is less than the rate of
duty imposed upon that article, and it is
assumed therefore that the rates are un
necessarily high. For Instance, these re
ports show that the average cost of labor
in produciug woolen goods is from 22 to
a5 per cent, of the total cost of the pro
duct, and therefore it is argued that the
rate of duty hould not exceed that rate.
This claim was misleading. Tbe duties
should be levied with reference to the
total cost of producing the completed
product, aul not upon that of some par
Takes I'p the OuMlkm of Strikes.
The next subject considered was that of
strikes iu industrial centers. Aldrich re
ferred to a statement prepared by John
Do Witt Warner, of w York, on this
point, from which Vest had largely
quoted, and in reply Aldrich submitted a
report of tbe labor bureau upon this same
subject. The number of strikes in this
couutry varied from 443 iu lt4 to 1,411 in
18W, the average number of each year for
tbe whole period bein The number
reported in 18W0 is 7WJ. being more than
ten times as many iu this single year as
reported by Warner for the eighteen
months covered by his statistics, which
aggregated only seventy seven.
A Comparison witfi England.
' Available statistics show that in Great
Britain, the paradise of tariff reformers,
he said, 8,164 strikes occurred in 1SS9. The
British board ' of trade officially report
1,028 strikes in 1X90, with 393.961 persona
involved in J3S of these. It would be seen
by comparison of the relative number
and importance of strikes in the United
States and in Great Britain for the year
1890 that the number was much greater in
the latter country, and thai the number
of persons involved waa more than three
times aa giant in proportion to tbe number
ox persons gaged in useful occupations
in tbe respective countries.
Wages on Rhode Island.
Referring to his own state Aldrich said
that the working people there "are enabled
from their earnings to live as well and as
comfortably as any similar class of people
in the world; and their savings, averaging
nearly $1,000 for each family, deposited in
tbe savings banks of the state, furnish the
best evidence cf their prosperous and satis
factory condition. These savings accumu
lated since the inauguration of the protec
tive policy of the United States, are
greater per capita, I believe than those ot
any other iudtustrial community in
THE FARMER'S CASE CONSIDERED.
AldrWh Thinks He Is Doing Well and
lie next took up the farmers and said
that iu no "class of people in the United
States has the improvement in condition
been so marked as in the farmers during
the period under consideration. The most
striking results shown by the inquiry
was the fact that while there was a
considerable decline in the prices of man
ufactured articles which enter into gen
eral consumption there was an advance in
the price of nearly all agricultural pro
ducts. The prices received for farm pro
duels subsequent to the passage of the
act of 1890 shows an average increase of
all crops of 18.67 per cent.
What He Can Do with His Products.
"The farmer today with an equal num
ber of bushels of grain, of pounds of
meat, can buy more and better clothing,
machinery or supplies than ever before.
ithin this period hundreds of millions
of dollars of their indebtedness has been
paid off, and as a class their financial con
dition vastly improved. By the opera
tions of the act of 1890 tbe farmers were
given larger and more profitable markets
both at home and abroad. As au instance
of this our exports to Cuba largely of ag
ricultural products were increased dur
ing the ten mouths ended June SO, 193,
as compared with the corresponding ten
months of the previous fiscal year, $5,7u0,
000, or an increase of 547 per cent.
Foreign Markets Not Narrowed.
In reply to the statement that the Mc
Kinley bill had narrowed cur foreign mar
ket Aldrich said it was ' equally astound
ing as the others and equally at variance
with the facts." He gave in detail the
growth of our commerce, which iu the year
just closed had amounted to over $1,000.
000,000, as a refutation of the Missouri
senator's declaration. And with it all the
average per capita customs duties collect
ed in the year was $2.s,against ".2s
per capita iu the year ISTl-i
The Wool Industry.
Wool duties were discussed by Senator
Aldrich, aswering the effort to prove that
these duties have been injurious alike tc
wool growers, woolen manufacturers and
consumers. Aldrich went iuto this ques
tion at length. He read a table showing
that for twelve years the average price in
London of a pound of scoured average
Australian wool had been Si cents less
than the average price in tbe United
State of a pound of scoured fine Ohio
wool, ranging from 25 to 42 cents. Ohio
wool brought 34 cents a pound more than
New Zealand crossbred two grades prac
tically alike. Upon the basis of these fig
ures Aldrich said it must be evident that
tbe successful prosecution of wool grow
ing as an American industry depends
upon the maintenance of a wool tariff.
Increase of Tin Manufacture.
Referring to tin plate, Aldrich said that
in the quarter ended June 30, S92, the
production of tin plate in the United
States had been 8,225,Cul pounds by
twenty-six manufacturer. The cost of
making a box of I. C. coke plate in the
United States is $5.32 a box and in Wales
$3.20 the difference being in the cost of
labor. The senator gave the fluctuations
in the market price of tin plate before and
after the passage of the act ot lb'jO, and
said; "It is evident from these statements
that the Welsh prices are put up and
down in response to existing exigencies in
the United States. When the prophecies
of their allies on this side of tbe water in
regard to high prices were to be verified
prices were put up 9i cents per box in the
face of a tharp decline in material, but
when American manufacturers are to be
discouraged and. if possible, driven out of
the market on tbe eve of an election, lbs
price is put down to $1.03 per box."
Other Products at Lower Prices.
Tbe senator then said that under tbe
tariff act of 1663 the cotton ties used ia
the United States were imported. Since the
enactment of the existing law the Amer
ican manufacturer of cotton ties bad sup
plied the entire demand and they are sold
at a lower cost to the consumer here. Tbe
imposition of adequate protective duties
upon lace window curtains, silk and mo
hair plushes, pearl buttons and many
other articles has transferred important
industries to the United States. We are
now producing a large variety of the finer
and more expensive manufactures of cot
ton, wool and iron, ail of which were im
ported prior to 1690. Manufacturers are
enlarging their capacity for production
and in every branch of industry the great
est activity prevails.
Comments of Vest and Palmer.
Aldrich closed with the declaration that
upon this issue the Republican party
would go to the country with confidence.
Vest made a short reply, in which he re
ferred to Homestead and added the asser
tion that the price of land had fallen
under the operations of tbe McKinley bilL
He referred to pearl buttons and sid
they were higher than before the bill
went into effect and Aldrich explained
that now pearl buttons were made here by
free labor; previously they were made hj
convict labor. Carlisle promised to reply
in extenso to Aldrich and after a few
words from Palmer, who said that tbe
tariff was cot responsible for Homestead's
troubles, but that tbe Republicans had
promised to make such troubles impossi
ble, tbe debate closed.
The Base Ball Experts.
Chicago, July 27. Following are yes
terday' records of the several base ball ag
gregations: At Baltimore Chicago 8,
Baltimore fc; at Washington St. Louis
8, Washington 10; at Philadelphia Cin
cinnati 0, Philadelphia 26; at Boston Lou
isville , Boston 10; at New York Cleve
land 4, New York 6; at Brooklyn Pitte
burg 5, Brooklyn 12.
Illinois-Iowa: At Jollet Rock Island
Molina 8, Joliet 0; at Jacksonville Rock -ford
6, Jacksonville 81
1 Sidewalk btiek t T B. KUia'.
WILL RETIRE THE HELLO GIRL.
A Little Telephone Device Which Rsss
New Yokk, July 27. A new invention
is jnst announced which it is claimed
will make the telephone girl a back num
ber and every telephone subscriber his
own "hello fcirl." The Streger automatic
telephone exchange is rponsor for tbe
liventiou which makes all connections au
tomatically. Ou the telephone shelf is a
row of keys five in all. They are marked
units, teus, hundreds and thousanda, the)
fifth key being the release key. The sub
scriber tans out the desired number on t ha
' keyboard which, registering on the ma
chine, automatically connects tbe wire ot
' the subscriber with that of the telephone
he desires to reach. The connection is made
simultaneously with the taps of the key
board. The w hole mechanism of the Stre
ger patent takes up a space of tx4 inches.
He Was Short 13,4oO.
Dakota Cur, Neb., July 27. The in
vestigation by experts into the accounts ot
ex-Treasurer Wilkinson, of Dakota county.
Neb., discloses a shortage of $13,400. Yes
terday the board of supervisors began,
civil actions against his bondsmen and
swore out warrants for him on the charge,
of embezzlement. Wilkinson waa treas
urer six years nd now lives at Norfolk.
Neb. The investigation has been in pro
gress seven months.
Colorado Silver Convention.
DENVER, July 27. Four hundred dele
gates to the state silver league convention
' met yesterday. J. C. Tnompson waa
elected temporary chairman. After com
I mittees had been appointed on credentials
( and permanent organization Major Pow
irs, of the Weaver party, made an address.
The President's Future MatcDMsU,
Washington, July 27. The president
will leave Washington to spend the month
of August at Loon lake with Mrs. Harri
son just as soon as congress adjourns. On
Sept. 1 he expects to go to Cape May
Point, where he will establish the "sum
mer capital," she same as last year.
LIVE STOCK AND PRODUCE MARKETS.
Chicago, July 25.
Following were the quotations on the
board of trale today: Wheat July, opened
T&f4c. closed TSftie: September, opened 7tjc
closed 7&Vc; December, opened 81 He, closed
b Ikc Corn July, opened 51c closed SuVfc;
September, opened StAc, closed 50c; October,
opened ifc, closed 4Hc Oats Joly. opened
SLac, closed "lS.tfv; August, opened 31?6A closed
&l)c;SepU'mber.opeoed 3H4ccloeed 3uJj. rork
July, opened S12.0J, closed tli.JCVi; Septem
ber, opened 51-. closed $12S)4i; Janu
ary. oened $13.37Vs. closed S13.4-. Lard
July, opened and closed $3.-7J.
Live stock Prices at the Union Stock
yards today ranged as follows: Hogs Market
active and firm, packers the principal bii yera;
best grades 53 b.iguer:other grades weak and
easv; sales ranged at !l.SK&5.75 pigs, $A3D&
0,10 light, $5.' D.&5.55 rough packing, $5.6JA "
d.i.5 mixed, ani i$5.(k36.1U heavy packing
an i shipping lots.
Cattle Market rather active and firm;
103,15-: higher; quotations ranged at $5.ifl
choice to extra shipping steers. $4.00
good to choice do. $4.0&4.S0 fair
to good, $3.o &4.10 common to medium
do, JJ.40 44. 4.UU butchers' steers, $i50 &
a. VI stockers. SI 902(3.60 Texas steers. S-'t-V
3.70 feede'S. $lT5j,AiJ vows, Si.uu&3-J bulla
and S-.0t'3.4.75 veal calves.
Sheep Market fairly active and prices ss.
cbangei: quotations ranged at $4.0u3,4.7S per
1UU lbs western, f l.-i.l3j. To natives, $J.:S.i.4t
Texas, and Sj.'-Ti6.'5 lambs.
Produce: Butter Fancy separator, 30c;
dairies, fancy, fresh, Iti&lTc. Eggs 13c per
doz. loss off- Live poultry -Hens, U!c per lb;
spring chicVens. 17c; roosters, ttc; sprinsT
ducks, 1 (a.U.'"-c; turkeys, mixed. 9,10c Po
tatoes Burbanks. 40o per bu: Hebrona, w&
o5c; Tennes.se. Rose. fi'iiaioO par bbL,
Strawberries Michigan, tl.iiil.75 per W-qt
case. Raspberries Red. tl.5o.iA00 per 24-pt; '
black, per $1.75 li-qU 16-qt case. Biackbcr-
ries t-.OU&auu per 24-qt case.
The Loeai nirkets,
Corn M"Wic. J
Rye 7"(?-le. J
Bran -Wc er cwt,
Shipsrnfl $1.00 per cwt.
Unv Timoibv. JiiaiS; prairie, 10211; clover
f'SlO; baled. $11 0C&12 50.
Batter Fair to choice, L'e: creamery. S9&34C
Ecv Fresh. 14c; packed 10c.
Poultry Chickens. 10ai2H; turkeys, 13fee
ducks, l-Hc: geese, 10c.
FRriT AXD VSesTABLKS.
Apples $.es$2. 75 pel bbl.
On ions eof&Kc
Cattle Batchers pay for corn fed steers
Sa44c; cows and neifer. 8K&3c; calves
Hard 7 S07 75.
bote X lO&H 30.
Common boards $16.
Joist Scantling and timber. It to 16 feet, $13.
Every additional foot inlength 50 cents.
X A X Shingles fS 75.
Lath f J 50.
' Fencicr 12to 16 feet $18.
PUREST .AUD BEST,
a i e
E PJMCE Of OTHER BRANDS.
OL 0 1 H CARS.ON LS