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Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
THE AUG US.
Wkdnrsdat. September 7. 1893
His Contribution to the Repub
HE WILL NOT TAKE THE STUMP.
But Gives His Party Friends Three Is
sues to Slake the Fight Upon Tariff,
Reciprocity and State Hanks A Brief
Argument on Kach of the Questions,
With a Definition of the Second Com'
menta on the Democratic Position as
Compared With Those of Calhoun and
Augusta, Me., Sept. 7. The following
letter from Hon. James G. Blaine to
Chairman Manley. of the Republican
Btate committee, is made public. It ' is
written at Bur Harbor. Me., Sept. 3, 1893,
and addressed to Hon. Joseph H. Manley,
chairman, etc., Augusta, Me.:
"Mr Deah Sik: Not being able for re
sons which I have explained to you to de
liver public speeches in the present cam
paign, I take the liberty of submitting my
Views on the issues which I regard as being
strongest tor the Republicans to urge be
fore the people.
Tariff the Paramount Issue.
"1. The issue of the greatest consequence
is the tariff on imports, and it will con
tinue to be until a settlement is effected
by a majority so large that it will be tan
tamount to general acquiescence. The
Republicans are aggressive on this sub
ject. Two years ago they 4assed a general
enactment known as the McKinley tariff,
which for a time failed to meet with popu
lar approval and was regarded with a cer
tain degree of distrust by those who had
always upheld the protective system.
Claims a Favorable Reaction.
"But., a. powerful reaction has come in
consequence of the vindication of the Mc
Kinley tariff by experience. It is found
to have worked admirably and within the
last year has produced a greater volume
of business, internal and external, export
and import, than the United States ever
transacted before. Notwithstanding the
character and extent of the opposition to
it agriculture is remunerative, manufact
ures are prosperous and commerce Is more
flourishing than at any previous time;
thus vindicating the McKinley tariff by
an impressive and undeniable series of
Position of the Democracy.
"Against this tariff the Democratic par
ty have taken a position almost without
parallel in the history of the country.
They reject entirely the doctrine of pro
tectionpronounce it a fraud and anathe
matize it generally. A resolution to this
effect was adopted by the Democratic con
vention against the report of the com
mittee on resolutions by a two thirds
vote, thus manifesting the intelligent
participation of every man in the conven
tion. Sometimes a resolution may be
adopted in haste or when the convention
.Hadjourniig it may fail to receive the
attention of members; but this resolution
was debated, pro and con. adopted after a
contest, and was perfectly understood by
the members of the convention."
does Further Than Calhoun.
Mr. Blaine then quotes the tariff plank
in the national Democratic platform and
proceeds. "If any one will take the trou
ble to read the resolution by which Mr.
Calhoun sought to defend bis nullifica
tion scheme in 1833 be will find the tariff
platform of the Democratic party in gen
eral harmony therewith; and if he exam
ines . the subject further he will discover
that the duties in the compromise tariff
which reconciled Mr. Calhoun and ap
peased his angry followers in South Caro
lina were of a more comprehensive char
acter than those contemplated in the Dem
ocratic resolution of 189.
Jefferson's Views on the Tariff.
"The Democrats are in the habit of
naming Jefferson as the founder of their
party; and yet. on the subject of tariff,
they are in radical opposition to the prin
ciples laid down by Jefferson. Toward
the close of his administration the reve
nue from the tariff on imports produced a
considerable surplus, and the question
was, what should be done? Should the
tariff be reduced or should this surplus be
maintained? Jefferson pointedly asked:
Shall we suppress the imports and give
that advautage to foreign over domestic
manufacturers? ' For himself he recom
mended that "the imports be maintained'
and that the surplus created 'should be
appropriated to the improvement of roads,
canals, rivers and education.'
Would Have Changed the Constitution.
"If the constitution did not give suffi
cient power to warrant these appropria
tions, Jefferson went so far as to recom
mend' that i be amended. This p-e.
seats the- strongest condition of affairs
upon which a protective tariff can be jus
tified, and Jefferson did not hesitate to
recommend it. The Democrats of the
present day, it is . needless to say, are the
direct opponents of the policy which
Jefferson thus outlined and adhered to.
REFLECTIONS ON RECIPROCITY.
The Kx-Seeretary Puts This Issue Second
"3. When the principle of reciprocal
trade was flr-t proposed to be introduced
into the 'tariff system the Democrats
showed as much generous appreciation of
the question and gave it their support so
long as Republicans refused to accept it;
but when the Republicans came to ap
prove it the Democratic support vanished,
and instead of favoring we find'the Dem
ocratic national convention passing a reo
lution hostile to the system. But in spite
of Democratic . opposition wo have at
sained through reciprocity " a new and
valuable trad-, ami tlie system has demon
strated its runny advantages.
lriilr;ea That Were Valuable.
"We were about to declare suyar, WO
Ianses, coffee and hides free of all duties
in the McKinley bill, but 'instead of that
we passed a law by which we asked the
several nations iuterjsted what they
would give to have their articles made
free. We fuaiul that the privileges which
we were about to uive without cost and
without chu.ge. would secure a large trade
in Brazil, ia Cuba mid Porto Kico, in the
Windward and Ijeeward islands, in British
Guinea and Jamaica, San Domingo, and
the five CenTal American states and to a
minor decree in Australia, France and
Germany, all in exchange for the articles
which we had intended to gratuitously
Pith of the Reciprocity Scheme.
"The free list of tha McKinley tariff is
larger in the number of articles it ml in thi
aggregate amount of their import value
than the dutiable list. What would have
been the result to the United States if
every article before it had been put on the
free list had been made the subject of in
quiry to see what we could get in ex
change for it? We omitted to do so for
many years, and that neglect has cost the
government advantages in trade which
would have amounted to tens of millions
of dollars. This is the whole of the recip
rocity scheme. It is very plaiu
and very simple. It secures a val
uable trade for articles otherwise destined
to be put on the free list. The Demo
cratic party think t hey can discredit it and
they make the effort, apparently for the
unpatriotic reason that they did not orig
National Currency m Blessing.
"3. With all its calamities the war
brought us one great blessing national
currency. There are many who will say
that it was worth the cost of the war to
bring about so auspicious a result to capi
tal and labor. Prior to the war we had
the worst currency system of any enlight
ened nation in the world. The stare
banks, with some exceptions were
thoroughly irresponsible. They existed
by thousands throughout the United
States. Wherever one of them failed the
result was a large loss and great distress
among the people. Xo one was responsi
ble for their bills, and they were generally
found scattered in the pockets of the labor
ing men, to whom they were a total loss
without any redemption whatever.
Their Debts Were Their Profits.
"Of the state banks it was often and
truly said that their debts were the
measure of their profits. They have
caused an aggregate loss of hundreds of
millions of dollars among the poor. Since
the close of the war all this is different.
Every paper dollar that circulates among
the people has the United States behind
as guarantee. All the banks that exist
are under the control of the national gov
ernment, and if they fail as financial in
stitutions the government lias taken care
that their bills shall be paid by securities
deposited in government vaults. Undei
these circumstances it is a matter for ex
traordinary surprise that the Democratic
convention should deliberately pass reso
lutions for the revival of state batiks.
Calls it a Deadly Device.
"The palpable effect of this policy, if
carried out, would be to cheat the poor
man out of his daily bread. If state banks
be adopted and their circulation attain a
large issue no device could be. more deadly
for the deception and espoilment of all the
commercial and laboring classes. How the
Democratic convention came to make such
a declaration, who was its author, what
intelligent purpose was in it, will remain
a mystery. I have heard the argument
adduced that we would keep the money
at home if state batiks were instituted;
but we should keep it at home because it
would be so worthless that nobody would
take is abroad.
The Issues Put at Three in Number.
"Were the system of state banks re
vived we would again have discounts at
the state lines large charges for drafts on
financial centres aud general suspicion of
every bill offered in payment, with a liqui
dation every few years that would be a
destructive loss to the innocent holders of
bills and a corresponding profit to
the parties owning the banks.
The three issues which I have given
are the issues upon which I would arraign
the Democratic party. I would not multi
ply issues nor be diverted by our op
ponents from a steadfast adherence to aud
constant presentation of these questions
before the people until- every voter is
made to know and understand their true
and weighty significance. Very sincerely
yours, "James G. Blaise."
THEY CANED "LONG" JONES.
Acknowledgement of Ills Services at the
Washington, Sept. 7. Col. A.M. Jones,
of Chicago, popularly known as "Long
Jones," who is now in Washington, has
received, in acknowlegement of his serv
ices in connection with the celebrated
Market Hall caucus at Minneapolis, a
handsome cane of red snake wood. The
crutch handle represents the head and
neck of the American eagle, the beak
forming the tip and two large diamor Is
forming the eyes. On the end of the
handle, opposite the eagle's head, are the
words: "Chairmtn 531 Committee." On
a plate on the side is the inscription:
"Hon. A. M. Jones, Low Water Mark
Committee, Minneapolis, June 9, 1893."
Remarks of the Recipient.
Replying to Hon. K. G. Rathbone, who
made the presentation. Colonel Jones
said: "At midday, in Market hall, on the
main street of Minneapolis, June 9, 1892,
a majority of the delegates to the Repub
lican national convention responded to
our invitation to meet in caucus; 531 was
ascertained to.be the 'low water mark' of
the president's strength and his renomi
nation was assured. To be associated
with the prominent gentlemen who com
posed that committee was an honor to me;
to be chosen chairman was a very great
honor. So long as God shall spare my life
(LonE Jones will remember each and
overv one of tou for this supporting evi
dence of good will and friendship."
Wrestle With the Issues and
RETTJBNS VERY SLOW COMING IN.
Appearances Indicate About 20,000
Plurality for the Republicans One
Hundred Towns Heard From and Com
pared With 1888 and 1800 Meeting
of the Kxecntive Committee of the
Democratic Club Association Popu
lists Only Carry SixArkansas Counties
White River Juxctiov, Vt., Sept 7.
Vermont yesterday held its biennial state
election, choosing state and county offi
cers, a legislature and two congressmen.
The vote for governor at the September
election for two previous presidential years
has been as follows: 1S88 Republican,
48,f22; Democratic, 19,527; Republican
plurality, 2S.995. In 1884 the Republican
vote was 4,522; Democratic, 19,820; Re
publican plurality. 22,702. In 1890, owing
to local dissatisfaction and apathy, the
Republican plurality fell to about 13,000.
Comparison this year is made both with
the vote of September, 188, and Septem
ber, 1S90. This being the first time the
Australian system of balloting has been
iisetl in a state election the returns are
Returns from One Hundred Towns.
One hundred town give Fuller (Rep.)
17,447; Smalley (Dem.), T.S92; Allen (Pro.),
489; scattering, 178. Same towns in 1888
gave Dillingham (Rep.) 21,683; Shurtleff
(Dem.), S.01G; scattering, 584, and in 1890
gave Page (Rep.) 10,205; Bringham (Dem.),
8.341; scattering, 523. In these towns the
Republican vote has fallen off 4,236, or 20
per cent., and the Democratic vote
has fallen off 124, or 2 per
cent., compared with the vote of the
same towns in 1S88, and the Republican
vote shows an Increase of 2.1S2 or 14 per
cent., aud the Democratic vote a decrease
of 4-19, or 5 per cent, compared with the
Less Change In the Prohibition Vote.
The Prohibition vote shows less change
when compared either with the vote of
1S8S or 1890 than the vote of Republicans
or Democrats, although work was done
throughout the state by cold water ad
vocates. Fuller's majority over Smalley
thus far is 9,555; over Smalley and Allen,
P006. If the vote of the remaining towns
is relatively the same as those reported
the Republican majority will hardly reach
21,000. Twelve towns eli-cr Democrat ic
representatives. Roxbury fails to elect.
There were sixty-three Democrats ia the
general assembly two years ago.
The Vote at Burlington.
Burlinotox, Vt., Sept. 7. The city's
vote for go-ernor is; Smalley (Dem.),
1,106; Fuller (Rep.), 1,016; Allen (Pro.), 24.
MISCELLANEOUS POLITICAL NEWS.
Democratic Club Executive Committee
New York, Sept. 7. The executive
committee of the national association of
Democratic clubs met here ytsterday.
President Black presided. N. W. Mclvjtf.
president of the Iowa State Association of
Democratic clubs, was appointed a mem
ber of the committee. Reports were re
ceived froar fourteen state organizations
showing that they were well organized.
The convention of Democratic clubs,
which is to be held in this city on Oct. 4
and 5, was discussed and the chairman in
structed to invite the presidential and vice
presidential candidates to be present.
Arkansas State Flection.
Little Rock, Ark., Sept. 7. It will be
several days before the official vote of the
state election will be known. Sufficient
returns have been received, however, to
insure the success of the Democratic state
ticket by from 18,000 to 25,000 plurality.
The legislature will be Democratic by a
large majority. In several counties where
the People's party and Republicans com
bined the Democrats lost. The People's
party state ticket did not carry six coun
ties in the eutire state.
Cleveland's Letter of Acceptance.
New York, Sept.. 7. Chairman Rar
ity's Democratic bureau is doing a thriv
ing business. The news of the bureaii
was that Mr. Cleveland has not begun
work on his letter of acceptance. The ex
president's recent visitors say that he is in
no hurry to undertake the task, but that
the letter will be forthcoming at the
Conventions of Populists.
Trenton. N. J., Sept. 7. Members of
the People's party of New Jersey held
their first convention in this city yester
day. Benjamin Bird, of Hunterton, was
Manchester. N. II., Sept. 6. The first
state convention of the People's party
met yesterday. William S. Noyes, of
Derry, was nominated for governor.
DIXON KNOCKS OUT SKELLY.
A Lively Fight of Kight Rounds at New
New Orleans. Sept. 7. George Dixon,
the champion bantam-weight pugilist,
and Jack Skelly, of Brooklyn, were greet
ed by more than 5,000 persons at the
Olympic club last night. There were
about 400 negroes present. The fight was
for the championship and $12,500, and was
easily won by Dixon. This fight brought
out prominently a feature of "southern
ism" to coin a word. Little outside
mouey was put up on the fight, because
the southern people wanted to back the
white man. but did not dare.' They had
never seen Dixon, but had heard a lot
about him. They wanted to sse the col
ored boy lose, but felt that he was too
clever, therefore they held off.
Description or the Battle.
The fight was Dixon's from the start.
Skelly could not hit his antagonist to do
auy damage, while Dixon put in his blows
where he pleased. Telling blows were de
livered by Dixon in the first, second, third
(when he knocked Skelly down), fourth,
fifth and sixth (as he pleased),
seventh (Skelly down again), and
eighth, which was the last. In this
rouud Dixon went at Skelly hammer and
tongs and knocked Skelly to his knees.
Skelly pluckily tried to get up, but he
couldn't. He rolled over on his iace and
laid there until he was counted out.
Mitchell Sends a Challenge.
It was announced that Charlie Mitchell
bad sent a challenge to the winner of to
night's battle, the fight to be for $10,X),
within ten weeks, if be were allowed $1,000
THE VERY LATEST.
Whlttler Is Dead,.
Hampton Yaiajb, N. H, Sept. 7.
John G. Whittier, the poet, died at 4:3U
TO WRESTLE FARMER BURNS.
A Match. Arranged Between Hugh
Dougherty and the Chamolon Middle
Weight of the World The Articles.
Another sporting event that will in all
probability interest the fraternity of the
three cities more than any event that has
taken place here in some time has been
arranged to take place next Saturday
night. Articles of agreement were today
signed by P. J. Griffin for "Farmer"
Burns and J. D. Denning for Hugh
Dougherty for a wrestling match to take
place at Turner hall, this city, at the time
stated above. The match is for $50 a
eide and the entire gate receipts, best
three in five falls, two points down, no
holds barred, and Police Gazette rules to
govern the contest.
Dougherty claims to hail from Califor
nia, and though no one here seems to be
able tt call the turn on exactly who he is,
there are many who believe from his ap
pearance that he will give the "Farmer"
a hard rub. Dougherty will probably
strip in the neighborhood of 170
pounds, while Burns' weight is 160
The latter will probably arrive in the
city tonight, when all the arrangements
for the match will be completed.
A murderous assault was made upon
Rev. Daviil M. Cooper, pastor of the
Memorial Presbyterian church of Detroit,
in his study by a man who gave his name
as Wilkinson, and who demanded Mr.
Cooper's money. The man was arrested.
The fire engine manufacturers of the
United States have com bined under the
name of the American Fire Engine com
pany. Skunks raided a gang of railroad labor
ers in West Virginia and an impromptu
quarantine has been declered by the other
gangs in that vicinity against their un
Obituary: At Seymour, Ind., F. M.
Swope; Dr. A. L. Newkirk, aged 68. At
Peru, Ind.. Larry Hart, aged 103. At
Scituate, Mass., T. W. Parsons, the Bos
ton poet, aged 73.
Lizzie Borden is likely to escape convic
tion of the murder of her father and step
mother at Fall River. Two reputable
people, it is reported, have been found
who saw a villainous looking man jump
over the Borden back fence shortly be
fore the murder was discovered and drive
aw ay in a buggy.
A race war prevails at Bunkio La.,
which thus far has resulted in the killing
of one white man by shooting and the !
banging of Edward Laurant and Gabriel I
Magloire, negroes, who had made threats
against the whites. Five men implicated
in the hanging have been arrested.
At Lockport, N. Y., Dora Sutherland,
one of the seven sisters of that name, was
married to Frank Castleton, of New York
Daniel Dougherty, the famous orator,
died at his home in Philadelphia Monday,
aged 67 years.
A cannon ball was recently fired nearly
seven miles from an eighty-ton gun in
The 10-year-old son of ex-Councilman
Thomas Barrowman, of Brazil, Ind., met
with an accident which resulted in bis
death the following evening. While in
his father's yard cutting weeds he stepped
on the stubble of a strange weed, which
entered his heel. The pain brought on
spasms, which resulted in lockjaw and
Woodyatt's Music House
No. 1804 Second Avenue.
WOODYATT & WOODYATT.
This firm have the exclusive sale for this county of the
Pieir)o etrjcl Oretr),
WEBER, 8TUYVESANT, DECKER BROS., WHEELOCK,
ESTEY, AND CAMP & CO.'S PIANOS,
And the ESTEY, "WESTERN COTTAGE and FAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
$y A ful! line also of small Musical merchandise. We have in our employ a first-class Piano Tim,
"Well begun is li ine.'' Begin your housework by
buying a cake of
Sapolia is a solid c ike of Scouring Soap used for all clean
ing purposes. Ti v it.
You can buy table oil cloth for 18c per
yard at the Columbia.
The True Laxative Principle
Of the plants used in manufacturing the
pleasant remedy. Syrup of Figs, has a
permanently beneficial effect oa the
human system, while the cheap vegetable
extracts and mineral solutions, usually
sold as medicines, are permanently injur
ious. Being well-informed, you will
use the true remedy only. Manufactured
by the California Fig Syrup Co.
You can buy cotton flannel at the Col
umbia for 6c.
A peculiar fact with refer
ence to Dr. Pierce's Golden
Medical Discovery is, that,
unlike sarsaparillas and other
blood medicines, which are
said to be good for the blood
in March, April and May, the
" Discovery " works equally
well all tlie year round and
in all cases of blood-taints or
humors, no matter what their
name or nature.
It's the cheapest blood
purifier sold through drug
gists. Why? Because it's sold
on a peculiar plan, and you
only pay for tlie' good you
Can you ask more?
" Golden Medical Discov
ery" is a concentrated vege
table extract, put up , in large
bottles ; contains no alcohol
to inebriate, no syrup or
sugar to derange digestion;
is pleasant to the taste, and
equally good for adults or
The Discovery " cures all
Skin, Scalp and Scrofulous
affections, as Eczema, Tetter,
Salt-rheum, Fever-sores, White
Swellings, . Hip - jciint disease
and kindred ailments. '
314 BRADY STREET,
The Fall and Winter Goods are now DAVENPORT,
In. Eememb-r we are showing the largest and most varied
assortment of Domestic and Tmported goods in the. three
cities. Suits made to your measure from 620 to $40; Trou
sers made to your measure $5 to $12
PROTECT YOUR EYES 1
MR. H HIRSCHBERG,
The well-tm wn up-iciaa tf 629 Olive St.
(S. C. cor. "ihan.i Olive)." St. Lonie. has
ar pointed T. ll.Tfioma-.te agent for hie
ec u bra e 1 Diamond Spectacle and Eye
glas? es, and also for his Jjlamoitd Kon
Changenhle ;-pcctacU and Eyeglasses.
'I ho eiass-ea are the greatest invention
ever made in spectacles. K a proper
construction of the Lei ? a person pnr
chasirg a pair of thet-e Kon-Cnanpeable
Glsse never has to change theae glaracf
from the eyes, and every rair purchased
Ik guaranteed, ao that if they ever leave
the eyer (no matter how or scratched the
Lenses are) they will f Ornish the prty
with a new pair of r lasses free of charge.
T. H. THOMAS hasa fall assortment
and invites ail to satisfy themselves
of the great superiority of these Glaese?
over any and all other now in use to cal
and examine the same at T.H. Thomas',
druggist and optician. Koc Island.
No Peddler Supplied.
When Finished, ,r
We will occupy our new store, cor. of Fifth avenue
and Twenty-third St., and will be known as the
3PELA. ROVE A. CY.
HORST VON KOECKRITZ, Pharmacist.
The party who takes your money
without giving a fair equivalent does joa
n injury and leaves you dissatisfied; you
take care not to let him have the; second
chtnee at you. When, you. ro-m buying
think how fair we treat you; what splen
did values we offer; a dollar goes further,
bujs more, here, than in-' iBost other
stores. Then too we throw- in, to put a
gilt edge on the bargain, ;a , whole year's
subscription to that charming magazine
Goodfobm" when you have expended
ten of your dollars here. Think of tha
What other store cffjrs you so much as we do?
The Bee Hive is showing the largest and finest line of Pall
and Wintxb Cloaks and Millinery ia the city and a
astonishing Low Prices. .
1 14 West Second Street, Davenport