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Fabllaa Holly A" Weekly "at MM
. W. POTTCH.
Tvs Dally Ne per mncth; Weakly tJ.OO
par uon; M adrase f 1 M.
All MmanKaUofit of a critical or arjra -tiro
character, political or relurloua, most bare
veal use attached for pa hi cation. No each
article win be prlated over So l; teas signatarea.
aVnoyawas eommuntcaJtoas aot noticed.
Correepoodeaev rol'cjted from ererj towtwhip
Bock island oonaty.
MoSDAT. OCTOBER 10. 1883.
DUOI'KATIV KATIOXAL TICKET
For Freident GROVKff r"", .
For rrWeV,... grfSS
ForGortrnor JOHS P. ALTGKLD
For Oonpresrnian at lar.a JOHN C. BLACK
ForConrraiaB at lirw ANDRKW J. HUNTER
For Liraienant Ooreroor JOSKPH B GILL
for Secretary of Mate.... WX U H1NRICHHSKN
For A Ddl tor DA VI D GO R B
For Treasurer KCFUS N. RAM8KT
For A Bora T General ,...M. T. MALONET
For Elector, tlth Diet J HHAN EY
For i'onft-e 11th Lirt TRUMAN PLANTZ
For Member Board of Jfqnalizat on,
11. R. BAKTLKSON
For EeTrcaeotatiTa, Twenty-first Disc.
JUbgPU B. MULLIGAN
For State' Attorney ,....Sf. J. McBNIFY
For Circuit Clerk.... PETER FKET
For Coroner WISSLOW HOWARD
Tkk St. Liuis Republic advertises
Iowa in this style: "The joint debate
ia raging in Iowa. Joints have been
popular in Iowa ever since prohibition
Keokuk Constitution-Democrat: The
changed political conditions of today
leads the broad-min Jed former republi
can leaders to take a patriotic view of
politics and they find the? are conscien
tiously obliged to support the party
which they formerly opposed. The ex
ample set by men of such recognized
ability, c'.ittfcier and patriotism as Wal
ter Q. Uiesbam, Wayne MacVeagh and
Judge Cooley cannot but have a power
ful influence upon the great number of
thoughtful republican voters, who see
the organization surrendered to special
. TwodtlmatM ofWorktapnen.
It is true that while our workingmen
and farmers can the least of all our peo
ple defend themselves against the harder
tome life which tariff taxation decrees. the
work logman suffering from the importa
tion and employment of pauper labor in
stigated by his professed friends, and
seeking security for hit interests in or
ganized co-operation, still waits for a
division of the advantages secured to his
employer under cover of a generous so
licitude for bis wages, while the farmer
is learning that the prices of his products
are fixed in foreign markets where be
suffers from a competition invited and
built up by the system he is asked to
support. Grover Cleveland.
A cheap coat makes a cheap man.
Something Tin-;.' l'rirFt To Jo.
Don't you tlitri'; it very funry that a
party which has lioen in power for thirty
years and which has jmt the tariff so
high you almost think you can go to the
top of it and see heaven, has done it just
to keep your wages high, and yet never
fought or tusseled or even whispered
about making laws in favor of labor
organizing, and against convict labor
and against criminal wage reducing pau
pers coming to this country, and many
other laws to benefit laboringmen and
keep wages up, but which party is foster
ing the l'inkertona and the money kings
that hire them. Journal of Industry.
A Cowardly Campaign Disclaimer.
And now the Republican press has the
impudence to inform n that the force
bill is dead. Put this down for what it
is a cowardly campaign disclaimer.
The bill was not dead when the Repub
lican party bud undivided control of the
government; it was alive and threaten
ing. If the Republicans are returned to
power it will be revived with magical
suddenness. Before a just people the
Republican leaders dare not avow their
intentions in a presidential campaign,
but the will and purpose are there, as ex
perience has proved. Rochester (N. Y.)
Wanting Ttrcath and Money.
The president of the United States
tuts been very grievously imposed upon.
He has been led to believe the stories of
the Republican organs concerning the
Alabama election, and has hearkened to
the voice of the time server, the placo
seeker and the sorehead.- Clearly he
believes that his cha:iccs for winning
the electoral vote of this state are ex
cellent. Mr. Harrison is wasting bis
breath, and that money machine of his
in New York is wastiDg cash by be
stowing any sort of attention upon Ala
bama. Birmingham (Ala ) Age-Herald
Bobbery Under the Form of Law.
The fact is there is no constitutional
authority for a protective tariff as a pro
tective tariff separate and apart from
the idea of revenue, and all enactments
that take from one man money for the
benefit of another man, although he be
engaged in an enterprise which is of
value to the public, are simple robbery
tinder the form of law, and are so pro
nounced by the supreme court of the
United States. Wilmington (N. C.)Star.
Let Marrlann It on nee Banna.
.. If Benjamin Harrison is the friend of
the soldier, as he claims to be. he will
bounce Commissioner Iiaum, of the pen
sion bureau, the man who has brought
th1 entire pension system into disrepute
by his mismanagement of that institu
tion. Raum has sold his office time and
again, and the president never has a
word to say in objection. HoljroaS
this dav is with-
out precedent in
hisfory'. . From
in city, village
the states "are
VttUUEo7 & 1
tA wrftri I
the people are gathering around j
toe scnooi noose.
Men are recognizing today the most
Impressive anniversary einoe Rome cele
brated her thousandth year the 400th
anniversary of the stepping of a hemi
sphere into the world's life; four com
pleted centuries of a new social ortff-r;
the celebration of liberty and enlighten
ment organized into a civilization.
And while during these hours the
federal government of these United
States strikes the keynote of this great
American day that gives honor to the
common American institution which
unites us all, we assemble here that we,
too, may exalt the free school that em
bodies the American principle of uni
versal enlightenment and equality, the
most characteristic product of the four
centuries of American life.
Four hundred years ago this morning
the Pinta's gun broke the silence and
announced the discovery of this hemi
sphere. It was a virgin world. Human life
hitherto upon it had been without sig
nificance. In the Old World for thou
sands of years civilized men had been
trying experiments in social order.
They had been found wanting. But
here was an untouched soil that lay
ready for a new experiment in civiliza
tion. All things were ready. New
forces had come to light full of over
turning power in the Old World. In
the New World they were to work to
gether with a mighty harmony.
It was for Columbus, propelled by this
fresh life, to reveal the land where these
new forces were to be given space for de
velopment, and where the awaited trial
of the new civilization was to be made.
Today we reach our most memorable
milestone. We look backward and we
Backward we see the first mustering
of modern ideas; their long conflict with
Old World theories, which were also
transported hither. We see stalwart
men and brave women one moment on
the shore, then disappearing in dim for
ests. We hear the ax. We see the
flame of burning cabins and hear the cry
of the savage. We see the never ceasing
wagon trains always toiling westward.
We behold log cabins becoming villages,
then cities. We watch the growth of
institutions out of little beginnings
schools becoming an educational system;
meeting houses leading into organic
Christianity; town meetings growing to
political movements; county discussions
developing federal governments.
We see hardy men with intense con
victions grappling, struggling, often
amid battle smoke, and some idea char
acteristic of the New World always
triumphing. We see settlements knit
ting together into a nation with single
ness of purpose. We note the birth of
the modern system of industry and com
merce and its striking forth into un
dreamed of wealth, making the millions
members one of another as sentiment
could never bind. And -under it all, and
through it all, we, fasten on certain
principles ever operating and regnant
the leadership of manhood; equal rights
for every soul; universal enlightenment
as the source of progress. These last
are the irrinciples that have shaped
America; these principles are the true
We look forward. We are conscious
we are in a period of transition. Ideas
in education, in political economy, in
social science are undergoing revisions.
There is a large uncertainty about the
outcome. But faith in the underlying
principles of Americanism and in God's
destiny for the republic makes a firm
ground of hope. The coming century
promises to be more than ever the age
of the people an age that shall develop
a greater care for the rights of the
weak and make a more solid provision
for the development of each individual
by the education that meets his need.
As no prophet among our fathers on
the SOOth anniversary of America could
have pictured what the new century
would do, so no man can this day reach
out and grasp the 100 years upon which
the nation is now entering. On the vic
torious results of the completed centuries
the principles of Americanism will build
our fifth century. Its material progress
is beyond our conception, but we may
be sure that in the social relations of
men with men the most triumphant
gains are to be expected. America's
fourth century has been glorious; Amer
ica's fifth century must be made happy.
One institution more than another has
wrought out the achievement of the
past, and is today most trusted for the
future. Our fathers in their wisdom
knew that the foundations of liberty,
fraternity and equality must be univer
sal education. The free school there
fore was conceived the cornerstone ol
the republic. Washington and Jeffer
son recognized that the education ol
citizens is not the prerogative of church
or of other private interest; that while
religions training belongs to the church,
and while technical and higher culture
may be given by private institution,
the training of citizens in the conimoii
knowledge and the common duties of
citizenship belongs irrevocably to the
; We therefore on this anniversary of
America present the public school as
the proudest expression of the principle
of enlightenment which Columbus
grasped by faith. We uplift the system
of free and universal education as the
tnaster fore wnich tinder trod baa
informing each of -oar generations with
the peculiar truths- of Anericaniam.
.America therefore gathers - her .sons
around the school house today as the in
stitution closest to ths people, most char
acteristic of .the people and, fullest of
hope forth people.- - - -r
Joday America's fifth, century begins.
Tfe? Fpr'Cs twentieth century will soon
be here.. 7 the thirteen, millions now in
the American schools the command of
the coming years belongs. .We, the youth
vi amtnea, woo coaay unite marcjx
as one army under the sacred' flag, un
derstand our duty. .We pledge ourselves
that the flag shall not be stained, and
that America shall mean equal oppor
tunity and justice for every citizen and
brotherhood for the world.
. THE OFFICIAL rftOCRAMME.
Prepared for the Rational Colombia
Public School Celebration of Oct. SI.
T IS now known
to all readers
Harrison has is
sued a proclama
tion naming Oct.
21 as the true an
niversary of the
its observance by
in all the schools of the United States.
A uniform programme for every school
in America, to be used on Columbus
Day simultaneously with the dedicatory
exercises of the World's Columbian ex
position grounds in Chicago, will give
an impressive unity to the popular cele
bration. Accordingly, when the super
intendents of education last February
accepted the plan for this national pub
lic school celebration, they instructed
their executive committee to prepare an
official programme of exercises for the
day, uniform for every school.
The following programme has been
prepared by the committee:
Tbe schools should assemble at 9 a. m. In
their vario is rooms. At OUfci the detail of vet
erans is expected to arrive. It is to be met at
the entrance of the yard by the coior rnanl of
pupils, escorted with dignity to the building
and presented to the principal. The principal
then (fives tho sfcnal and the several teachers
conduct their pnpils to the yard, to drumbeat
or other music, and arrange them in hollow
square about the flag, the veterans and color
guard taking places by the flag Itself. The
master of ceremonies then gives the command,
"Attention!" and begins the exorcises by read
ing the proclamation.
1. Reading of the President's Proc
lamation. By the Master of Cere
monies. At the close of the reading he announces;
"In accordance with this recommendation by
the president of the United States, and as a
sign of our devotion to our country, let the
Bag of tho nation be unfurled above this
2. Raising or the FuaO. Dy the Vet
As the flag reaches ths masthead the vete
rans will lead the assemblage in "Three Cheers
for Kli Glory.' "
3. Saixte to the Flag. By the Pupils.
At a signal from the principal the pnpils. in
ordered ranks, hands to the side, face tbe flag.
Another signal Is given: every pupil gives the
flag the military salute right band lifted,
palm downward, to a line with the forehead
and close to it. Standing thus all repeat to
gether slowly. I pledge allegiance to my Sag
and the republic for which it stands; one na
tion indivisible, with liberty and justice for
all." At tbe words "to my flag" the right
hand is extended gracefully, palm upward, to
ward the flag, and remains in thia gesture till
the end of the affirmation, whereupon all
hnnds immediately drop to the side. Then,
still standing, as the instruments strike a
chord, all will sing "America" "My country,
'tis of thee."
4. Acknowxedgment of God. Prayer
5. Song of Columbus Day. By Pupils
Air "Lyons. "
Columbia, my land! all hall the glad day
When first to thy strand Hope pointed the
Hail bim who thro darkness first followed the
That lod where the Mayflower of Liberty came.
Dear Country, the star of the valiant and free!
Thy exiles afar are dreaming of thee.
No Gelds of the Earth so enchantingly shine.
No air breathes such Incense, each music as
Humanity's home! thy sheltering breast
Gives welcome and room to strangers oppress'd.
Pale children of Hunger and Hatred and
Find life in thy freedom and Joy in thy song.
The fairest estate the lowly may hold.
Thy poor may grow great, thy feeble grow
For worth Is the watchword to noble degree.
And manhood Is mighty where manhood is
O union of States and anion of souls!
Thy promise awaits, thy future unfolds,
A nd earth from her twilight is hailing the sun
That rises where people and rulers are one.
6. The Address. "The Meaning of
the Four Centuries."
A declamation of the special address pre
pared fur the occasion by The Youth's Com
panion. 7. The Ode. "Columbia's Banner."
A reading of the poem written for the occa
sion hv IXiia Dean Proctor.
II r. i liuuld follow whatever additional ex
cm ,. patriotic recitations, historic repre
sentations or chorals may be desired.
8. Addresses by Citizen a and Na
THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION.
Re Rrcoromeudi tbe General Observance
of Columbus Day on Oct. SI.
Whereas, by a Joint resolution, approved
June 20, 1SU2, It was resolved by the senate and
house of representatives of the United Btates
of America in congress assembled, "That the
president of the United States be authorized
and directed to issue a proclamation recom
mending to the people the observance in all
their localities of lie 400th anniversary of tho
discovery of America, on the 21st of October.
le$2, by public demonstrations and by suitable
exerciBc3 in their sellout nuil other places of
Now, therefore. I, Benjamin Harrison, presi
dent of tho United States of America, in pur
suance of tho aforesaid Joint resolution, rin
hereby appoint Friday. Oct. SI, 188ci, tho 4U. :.
anniversary of the discovery of America
Columbus, as a general holiday for tbe people
of the United States. On that day let tbe people-
so far aa possible cease from toll and de
vote themselves to such exercises as may best
express honor to the discoverer and their ap
preciation of the great achievements of the
tear completed centuries of American life.
Colnmbus stood in his ago aa the pioneer of
progress and enlightenment. The system of
universal education la In oar age, tberaoet
prominent and salutary featare of the spirit of
en llgh teamen t. and It la peculiarly appropriate
that the schools tie made fcy the people the cen
ter of the day demonstration. Let the na
tional flac float ever very school house In the
country, and the exercises be such as shall Im
press npon ov youth the patriotic duties of
Americas eittsenship. '
- la tb-c& arches and In the. ether places of
assembly -ef the people let there be expressions
of gratitude to divine Proridonce for the de
vout faith of the discoverer, and for the divine
care and guidance which have directed our his
tory and so abundantly blessed oar people.'
In testimony whereof I have bereuntoeet my
hand and caused the seal of the United State
to be atn.i - ,
Done at the city Of Washington, thia flat day
oJoly, in tbe year of our Lord one thousand,
eight hundred and ninety-two. and of the tn
dependence of the United States the one hun
dred and seventeenth. '
Vy the President: JOHN W. POSTER. Secre
tary of State. -
EDNA DEAN PROCTOR.
She Wrote the Ode for the Colnmbos
Miss Edna Dean Proctor, the descend
ant of a highly honored New England
family, was born at Ilenniker, N. H. In
early life she became" a contributor to
the best literary publications and pub
lished a volume of poems, mostly pa
triotic, which gave her a leading place
amoncj American poets. . After travel
ing extensively in the east she wrote A
Russian Journey in a vivid, picturesque
Latin style, which has become a classic.
EDNA DEAN PROCTOR.
Her later poem3 have been slowly pro
duced, but are everywhere held to be mas
terpieces of art and among the strongest
voices of patriotism in oar literature.
She lives much of the time in Boston
and r.t Frarningham, Mass.
Miss Proctor was honored by the com
mittee of the popular Columbus Day
CCebration soliciting her to write the
ode which ia to be rendered in every lo
cality of America on Oct SI. The lyric
is -the result of months of labor, and
will take permanent rank as one of the
foremost poems ever written on America.
THE MARBLEHEAD BOATMEN.
A Man Who Was Looking for a New Eng
lander Tells How lie Found Htm.
A man with skin the color of mahogany
and bare arms and neck in which tbe mus
cles stood oat like twisted hickory was
rowing me in a dory across tbe narrow har
bor of Marblehead. Ue bad little gold
rincs in his enrs and a tuft of coarse gray
hair stuck ont horizontally on his chin. It
was just at snnset, and tbe waveworn
rock Inclosing the harbor, the old man, the
dory and the old town silboueted in black
against tbe crimson sky looked extremely
picturesque. The harbor was crowded
with yachts, for the New York Yacht dab
fleet was there on a visit, and naphtha
launches pulling boats and sailboats were
(hooting all about the harbor in tbe half
light fading from the sea and the stern
"Golly!" said tbe boatman as a launch
shot by nearly running into the dory, "I've
been a good many years about this harbor
and don't want an accident at my time of
"How old are yon, captain?" I asked. I
knew it was safe to call him captain.
"Well," was tbe reply in the peculiar
dialect of "down east," "I am seventy-two
years old. Never had a day's sickness till
last year. Then I was hauled out for two
weeks with the grip. My father was 105
when he died, and my mother lived to be
ainety-four." All the time there was run
ning in my head the refrain of Longfel
low's poem of "Floyd Ireson:"
'Erc's Flo'd Ireson for his hord, hord heart.
Tared an fcath'r'd an carred in a cart
By the women of Marble'ead.
Here at lust I had found an old time
Sew Knglauder whose maternal ancestor
anight have been one of those same women
ol Marblehead who gave Skipper Ireson
his unwelcome ride.
"Are there any Iresons living here
boatsr" I asked.
"Well, there be some Iresons in town,
but they ain't descendants. Same family
they claim, but 'taint no descendants."
Then the old man got excited and rested
on his oars while his right hand vigorously
thumped the gunwale of the dory.
"That was the goll derndest outrage
that ever was," he blurted ont. "Ireson
wern't no more guilty than you be this
minute. He wanted to go and save them
people, but that pesky crew wouldn't let
him. When they came back here they
told that story on him. - It's a goll derned
shame." Then he rowed vigorously to the
shore. "Some relation of the unfortunate
Skipper Ireson," thought I, "and what a
thorough old New Englander he is!" As I
paid him bis fare I said, seeking further
discourse on the rugged history of the old
town, "You evidently belong to the soil,
"Yes," Bald he, "I do, but my father was
a Spaniard, he was. He came from Cadiz,
he did." New Y'ork Tribune.
Shellac In Chinese Works of Art.
By softening shellac vrith heat it may be
drawn out and twisted into almost white
sticks and of a fine silky luster. ICxtreme
beauty is given to CUin.e works of art by
the use of shellac 8o::te of them are very
ancient and of great value. They are
chiefly chowchow Ikjxcs. tea basins or
other small objects made of wood or metal.
They ate covered with a coat of shel
lac, colored with vermilion, and while
the layer of shellac is soft and pli
able it is molded aud shaped into beauti
ful patterns. Some of these work I thus
ornamented are so rare and 1eautiful that
even in Cbim they cost fabulous sums.
is S- itilcM lift
V.. c NS,tME il K-FAIRBANKS; c.
Patronize Home Industry and Protect the Labor of America
V ST rsraa
- MERRICK'S SPOOL COTTON. -
It Is Six .Cord Soft Firish. Full ceasure. and Is equally well alapted for Band and Mac':.
Sewing. For sale by
ard Dry Goods Eonei generally.
MERRICK TTTR'RAT) CO., 205 Firth Avenue, Chicago
$4.00 per Month for Ten years,
or $6.00 per Month for Six years
Pays Principal and Interest and seeures you
a Deed with Abstract of Title.
ON E4CH LOCATION 38th ST.
PRICES WILL BE ADVANCED.
Come early and secure choice locations and lowest prices
BUFORD & GUYER's Addition.
Apply to J. M. Buford or E. H. Guyer.
J. T. JDICOJNT,
And Dealer in Men's Fine Woolens.
1706 Second Avenue.
1803 Second Avenue.
Proprietor of the Brady Street
Ail k nds of Cut Flowers eonstantlT on hand.
Green Houses-. Flower Store
Que block north of Central TorE. rhe largest li Ia. S04 Brady Street. DaTtnporu I'
B. F. DeGEAR, .
Contractor arid Builder.
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St, . .
and Seventh Avenue,
"A.H kinds of carpenter work a specialty. Flans and estimates for all kinds of bu:&lz?t
famished on application.
. tbe wondertiii i'" '
ten tnsrailrf to cure ail nerrons disease, sucb a Wr r
Imn-xoI Brain Power, Heartacbo. Wakefulnetw, I.ot Manhood. Ni:t.T K
siona. NprronsneK. LaMiltnde.allctrainsana lues of power ff the !.-.''-
Organs in either sex eanse.l by over exertion, yonthfal erm-j, or -"
... -.uaw.ujiiuiu vrwiDiuunu wnicn on iaa to innrnjn.
turn and Insanity. Pot up convenient t carry n vest pockf I. I l " !-''
aire py mai!: C for RL W.th nt r. nM.r ...Ftf.n uTit.ifv r ;
or rej vuui tn monty. Circular free. Address Kerve fct'J .. tnicas. ';
For aa in Rock inland hv Harts & Bahnsen . 8d Ave .od SOth street
serosa lttkm isixo.
avenport Business College,
COMPLETE IN ALL DEPARTMENTS.
FOR CATALOGUE ADDRBS.
J C. DUNCAN, Proprietor.