Newspaper Page Text
Highest of all in Lavenifcg Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
Tckdat. October 11. 1P93.
BIGHTS OF LABOR.
As Stated by the Chief Justice
ALSO THE EIGHTS OF EMPLOYERS.
Allegheny County Grantl Jury Charged aa
to the Homestead Treason Cfutea A
Presentation That Will Not Make O'Don
nell, McI.neVle, and Others More Com
fortable The Charge Very Moch Against
the Striken Treason Denned So aft to
Cover Their Alleged Proceedings Two
Roads to Take.
PlTTSBlTKO.Oot. 11. Tbe unusual spectacle
f the chief justice of the supreme court
f the state Kitting as a jude in the court of
yerand terminer of a county in the state was
ritnessed by a large crowd in the criminal
court room yesterday when Chief Justice
Paxson charged the grand jury as to what
constitutes treason. Upon the bench sat
the chief justice. Judges Stowe, McClung,
Porter and Kennedy, while in the clerk's
portion sat Judge Stagle. The room was
crowded almost to suffocation. When
court opened Judge Kennedy turned to the
grand jury and said that charges of
treason having been made against certain
persons, it seemed meet for the eounty
court to request the highest judicial offi
cer of the slate to deliver the charge.
The Celebrated Advisory Hoard.
The justice then detailed the facts of the
riomestead lockout, and after laying down
the principle that every man has a right to
contract in regard to wages that he shall
pay or receive, proceeded as follows regard
ing the Homestead advisory board: lt is
alleged that the advisory committee did
more than induce others not to accept em
ployment from the company; that it al
lowed no persolis to enter the mills of the
Carnegie Steel company, and even permit
ted no strangers to enter the town of ilome
vtead without its consent; that it arranged
an organization of a military character,
consisting of three divisions, with comman
ders, captains, etc., the captains to report
to the division commanders, and the latter
to report to the advisory committee. "
ot a Struggle for a " Living."
Referring to the mob at the mill Judge
Paxson said: fcWe can have some sym
pathy with a mob driven to desperation, as
in the days it the French revolution, but
we can have none for men receiving excep
tionally high wages in resisting the law
and resorting to violence and bloodshed in
the assertion of imaginary rights, and en
tailing such a vast expense upon the tax
paj'ers of the commonwealth. It is not an
outcry for bread to feed the famishing lips,
resulting in a sudden outrage with good
provocation, it was a delilerate attempt by
men without authority to control others in
the enjoyment of their rights. The exist
ence of such a state of things in a govern
ment of law indicates a weak spot. It is
not in the law itself; that is sulbcient for
the preservation of order.
Plea for Knforceinent of Law.
"All that is needed is its proper enforce
ment. To accomplish this it is only neces
sary that every one connected with its ad
ministration should do his duty. This duty
is as solemn and imjH-nieive with a jury in
the lxx as it is with the judge upon the
lx nch. I am glad to lie able to say, as a re
sult of my experience in the criminal
courts, that I have seldom known a jury to
falter in the performance of a duty, when
that duty has leen clearly and fairly pre
sented to them. If jurors fail in this re
spect the courts can accomplish nothing,
and the result is anarchy. It is much to be
feared that there is a diseased state of pub
lic opinion growing up with regard to dis
turlxinces of this nature, and an erroneous
view of the law liearing upon these ques
tions has found lodgment in the public
SOME MUTUAL RIGHTS DEFINED.
Privileges of Citizens and Iuty of the State
What Treason Is.
fcW"hen the company shut down its works
and discharged its men it was acting strict
ly in the lines of the law; it could not com
pel the men to work, nor could the men
comjiel the company to employ them; no
arrangement could le made in such regard
except in the nature of a contract agi-eed
upon by the parties. I"poii this subject
their rights were mutual. The company
had the undoubted right to protect its
property; for which purpose it could law
fully employ as many men as ifsaw proper,
and arm them, if necessary. Many of our
banks and places of business are guarded
by armed watchmen. The law does not re
quire it to employ as watchiucn the men
from whom it anticipated the destruction
of its works.
Ko liulldoxlug of "Scabs."
"The right of the men was to refuse work
unless their terms were acceded to them,
and to persuade others to join them in
such refusal; but the law will sustain
them no further. The moment they at
tempt to control the works and prevent by
violence or threats of violence other labor
ers from going to work then they place
themselves outside the pale of the law. It
cannot be tolerated for a moment that one
laborer shall say to another laborer: 'You
shall not work for this man for that wage
without my consent,' and then enforce
such command by brutal violence upon his
Where the State Comes In.
"It is the duty of the state to protect
every citizen within her borders. In this
there is no distinction between the laborer
and the capitalist; it protects each with
equal impartiality. When the state fails to
do this, it fails in its duty as sovereign.
And it will protect with a firm hand the
Individual laborer from the tyranny and
unlawful demands of organized labor. The
law should be so enforced from the Dela
ware to the Ohio that the humblest laborer
can work for whom he pleases and at what
wages be sees fit. undeterred by the blud
geonortne rioter or tne plsrol ot ttie as
sassin." Wliat Constitutes Treason.
The justice then defined as treason the
organization of a i:irgj nmnler of men in a
coruuion j mrjx.su to defy the law, resist its
officers ami deprive any portion of their fel
low citizens of their rights under the con
stitution and laws. 'Where a body of men
have organized for a treasonable purpose
every step which any one of them takes in
part execution of their common purpose is
an overt act of treason. It is a state of war
when a business plant has to be surrounded
by the army of the state to protect it from
unlawful violence at the hands of former
As Applied to McLiickie Kt Al.
'Eve ry member of such asserted govern
ment,, whether it 1 an advisory committee
or by whatever name it is called, who lias
partii-ipated in such usurpation, who has
joined in a common purpose of resistance to
the law, and a denial of their rights to other
citizens, has committed treason against the
state. With the definition of this offense,
which is the designing to overturn the, gov
ernment of the state, such intention need
not extend to every portion of its territory.
It is sufficient if it be an overturning of it
in a particular locality, and such intent
"?iay lie inferred from the acts committed.
Ttenclied the Porks of the Road.
"If yon find from the evidence that the
J- fendants have, or any of them have com
mitted, participated and aided in the acts
which I have descrilied as constituting
the offense of treason, it will In your sworn
duty to find a true bill against the party
or parties so offending. We have reached
the point in the history of the state where
there are but two roads for us to pursue;
the one leads to order and good govern
ment; the other leads to anarchy. The
one great question which concerns the peo
ple of this country is the enforcement of.
the law and the preservation of order."
ONE OF OUR CONSULS IN TROUBLE
lie Give Prciit'h Canadians a Kather
Ko:ih Ileal Which They Kescnt.
MoXTKKAi., Oct. 11. Nicholas Smith, the
Tnited States counsel at Three Kivers, is
under police protection at his residence
and serious trouble is feared. On Sept.
17 bust Mr. Smith sent a report to The Ab
stract of Sanitary lieports, the official or
jan of the marine hospital service of the
I'nited States, reflecting on the sanitary
condition of Three Kivers, and a copy of
this reiort having reached Three Kivers
the municipal authoritieinct and discussed
it and Missed a series of resolutions denying
its truthfulness. In this way the matter
became noised alotil, creating a very bitter
feeling against Mr. Smith.
Not Sufficiently Fond of Soap.
Among other things Mr. Smith says in
his report: "This town has few sewers
and gutters and is almost wholly depend
ent ujxin the insatiate thirst of the soil
for drainage. Seven persons and a pig,
which is made to feei at home, constitute
the average family. Soap as a detergent is
practically unknown, and a thrifty house
wife would as soon think of tearing the
hoards from hrr house for fuel as of bath
ing her offspring in winter. The Greeks
thought aunointing wit h oil a prophylac
tic, but as a defense against Imth disease
and cold the French-Oiuadian pins his
faith to a crustaceous integument. Indeed.
I have sometimes thought that, like the
Hindoo fakirs, they believed in the holinese
Criticises the Health Hoard.
Then follows a long criticism of the meth
ods of the Three Rivers board of health, in
which some very plain language is usc4.
Mr. Smith's report closes as follows: "The
great fact I wish to convey is that if the
cholera should once obtain an entrance into
Canada the conditions for its propagation
are so favorable that no quarantine precau
tions our government might le pleased to
adopt atrainst it could lie too severe or rigor
ous." The Three Rivers authorities have
complained of the language, and will ask
Consul Smith's recall.
PRODUCT OF THE FIELDS.
Average Yields of Wheat Corn Sfot Cp
to Standard Other Crops.
Washington, Oct. 11. The agricultural
department's monthly reiort for wheat
gives the state averages of yield per acre
ranging from six to twenty -two bushels, and
averaging thirteen bushels. The average
of the principal wheat growing states are as
follows: New York, 14.3; Pennsylvania, 14.4;
Texas, 12.3; Ohio, 13.2; Michigan, 14.7; In
diana,14; Illinois, 14.7; Wisconsin, 11.5; Min
nesota, 11.7; Iowa, 11.5; Missouri, 12.1; Kan
sas, 17; Nebrasba, 13.5: South Dakota, 12.5;
North Dakot i, 12.2; Washington, 18.4; Ore
gon, 15.7; California, 12.8.
Maize Somewhat Below Par.
The October statistical returns of the de
partment of agriculture make the general
condition of corn 7!).8, against 7S.0 for last
month. The absence of frost has lecn fav
orable to the ripening of the late and im
mature areas. The temperature of the last
week in September was especially beneficial.
The present condition indicates a yield be
low the average. The averages of the com
mercial belt are as follows: Ohio, 80 per
cent; Indiana, 77; Illinois, 71; Iowa, 75);
Missouri, 82; Kansas, 70; Nebraska, 78.
Only the figures of Ohio and Missouri are
up to the general average.
Oats, Potatoes and Other Products.
The average yield of oats is 24.3 bushels.
The last report of condition was the lowest
in ten years, that of 18JJ0 excepted, the av
erage being 64.4, against 78.9 this year. The
average of the estimated state yields of
rye is 12.7 bushels. The condition of pota
toes has declined during the pat month
from 74.8 to 67.7. More or less rot is re
ported in the Atlantic states. In Michigan
the tubers are generally small on ac
count of drought. The condition of buck
wheat has declined since the last report
from 89 to 86. It is 83 in New York and
90 in Pennsylvania. The condition of to
bacco has improved three or f our points,
i . . .
Egan Culls on the President.
Washington, Oct. 11. The president
was very busy yesterday, and while he re
ceived many callers, more were turned
away whom he could not see. Among
those who called and had interviews was
Patrick Kgan, United b' tales minister to
DK PDYSTEirS IDEA
Raised a Little Ruction in Ned
A STBUGGLE OVER TWO POETBAITS.
Sunday the Time and Medalin, N. Y., the
Place The nullder of a Church Puts
Harrison's Picture on Top of the Steeple,
and Thereby Hangs the Story Itinerary
of MeKinley's Tour Through the West
Kingston, N. Y., Oct. 11. Residents of
Medalin, in Duchess county, have learned
to expect almost anything from the eccen
tric old Gen. Watts de Puyster, but his late
action has made a great stir in the town.
On Saturday night, when the carpenters
quit work on the new De Puyster Memor
ial church, the general apieared on the
scene with a large engraving of President
Harrison, which he ordered one of the men
to place at the top of the steeple which hao
just been conqleted. Though astonished
at such a projosition a carpenter obeyed
the command, for he knew the man who
gave it to le a person who would not listen
to a refusal. The picture was tacked to a
large lxiard which was soon nailed at the
top of the steeple, much to the general's
Covered with Cleveland's Pictnre.
On Sunday morning the picture attract
ed attention at once and soon a crowd
gathered around tbe church. Mauy of the
people were indignant at the political tise
to which the house of God had been put, but
the Democrats in the crowd, who were in
the majority, were determined tocoverllar
rison's picture with that of Cleveland.
Despite the protests of many in the crowd
a man ascended the perilous height and
soon placed the picture of the Democratic
candidate over that of Harrison. When he
reached the ground he was greeted with,
cheers. This chetring attracted nearly
every citizen in the town, all of whom were
soon gazing at the picture of Chmjland in
its conspicuous place.
Harrison's Pace Shows Again.
After much loud talking the excitement
was increased by a Republican attempting
to climb up the scaffolding leading to the
spire. He was pulled back, and a fierce
struggle began, in which many prominent
citizens joined. Suddenly the man broke
away from the crowd and succeeded in get
ting up out of reach before he could be
pulled down. As he ascended and took
down the Cleve land picture he was greeted
with wild cheers from one faction and
stones from the other. It vr:ts then long
past church time, but very many cliurch
going people did not attend divine service,
preferring to remain in tin un it e.
l'oueht Half Way l"p the steeple.
When another attempt was made l. a
Cleveland admirer to get up the steeple an
other fight ensued. This was continued
half way up the steeple, and the crowd le
low stood breathless, expecting to see some
one fall. When at length the Cleveland
picture ln-arer succeeded in getting to the
top the din liclow was deafening. General
De Puyster came out when the last picture
had been put in place. He was almost le
side himself with wrath, but in the howl
ing mob his words were wasted.
Denounced by the Preachers.
The Democrats remaine 1 around the
church all day and though several efTorts
were made to tear the picture down it re
mained there the rest of the day. In the
evening the clergymen of the town de
nounced the affair from the pulpits. Geu
eral De Puyster's action and the struggle on
Sunday will be the chief topic of conversa
tion in Medalin for a long time.
M'KINLEY'S WESTERN TOUR.
He Will Speak at Chicago and In Mis
souri aud Indiana.
New Yokk, Oct. 11. Secretary I. K. Mc
Comas, for the Republican national com
mittee, has made the following announce
ment: ''Governor McKinley will attend the
World's fair ceremonies and be in Chicago
Oct. 21 and 22. During his stay he will
siM'ak in that city and probably in northern
Illinois. He will leave Chicago the night
of Oct. 23 on the following tour: Reaching
Missouri the morning of Oct. 24, Governor
McKinley will make brief speeches at cer
tain towns along the line of the Atchison,
Topeka and Santa Fe railway.
Addresses to He Made Kn Route.
He will speak at Kansas City the after
noon of Oct. 24. and at Ieavenworth the
same night. He will leave Ijcavenworth
the next morning for St. I,ouis over the
Missouri Paciiic roaid, speaking briefly at
stations en route. He will speak at St.
Ijouis on the night of Oct. 25. He will
leave East St. Louis the morning of Oct..
26, traveling over the Wabash railroad,
speaking briefly at some of the stations in
Illinois and will speak the same afternoon
at Danville, Ills., and the same night at
Terre Haute, Ind. Governor McKinley
will go thence to Columbus, O.
The Democrats of Minnesota have with
drawn three of their electors and endorsed
three of the Populists in their place, add
ing a fourth Populist in place of one Dem
ocrat who resigned a short time ago.
Thomas G. Shearman, oNew York, will
speak at several places in Iowa for the Dem
ocrats. Senator Sherman addressed a large meet
ing of Republicans at New York lost
Immigration Commissioner Owen has
left Washington for Indiana, where he will
take part in the campaign.
The Democratic national committee has
notified Labor Commissioner Peck, of New
York, that it doesn't want any more of his
figures unless they can get the manufac
turers' report upon which said figures are
Chris Magee, the prominent Pennsylvania
Republican, is in Alabama, conferring with
the Republican leaders there.
Is "Struck" on "Hoom-de-Aye."
Locisville, Oct. 11. Henry Hepka, a
dairyman living near the city, went wrong
in his head Friday and began singing Ta-ra-ra-boom-de-ay
and could not persuaded
to stop. For two days nnd nights he con
tinued lo sing Lottie Collin's famous song,
and when his friends could stand it no
longer t hey had him arrested. He sung it
while being taken through the street in
patrol wagon, and all of yesterday the juil
corridors rang with the melody. Upon
every other subject, however, he is perfectly
Arrested on an Infnmotu Charge.
Omaha, Oct. 11. Dr. A. J. Law, of Plain
view, Neb., is under arrest at - Pierce, this
state, on the charge of criminally assault
ing his two step-daughters, Edith and
Belle, 17 and 13 years of age, respectively.
THE VERY LATEST.
Mrs. Harrison Is Not so Well.
Washington, Oct. 11. Mrs. Hsrrieon
o ontinues to grow weaker. An unfaTor
Rble turn has taken place
Another Blow Against the Park -
Chicago, Oct. 11 Judge Tulley this
morning refused to release on a habeas
corpus. Bookmaker Weber, arrested at
Gir field park. This is another blow
against the park.
A Crime for Which Another Suffer.
London 0;t. 11. A dying man con
fet-ees he committed the crime for which
Mis. M&ybrick now suffers life imprison
ment. The confession is likely to be
come a matter for diplomatic examina
tion. ABBREVIATED TELEGRAMS.
The anniversary of the death of Charles
Stewart Pamell was observed at Dublin in
a most impressiAe manner.
Miss Lou Smith, who brought suit
against the city of Beardstown, Ills., for
internal injuries received by falling into
an unprotected catch-basin, was awarded
$2,250. She sued for $10,000.
Chester Griessemer, a rejl estate broker
of Tacoma, Wash., died is. Philadelphia
hospital from the supposed effects of opium
poisoning that it is believed was admin
istered to him in a low lodging house.
Emmett Dalton, thought to have been
mortally wounded in the fight at Coffey
ville, Kan., in which his three brothers were
killed, is in a fair way to recover.
The Mexican chamber of deputies has
voted an additional sum of $10,000 for the
Mexican exhibit at the World's fair.
There were, according to the official fig
ures, only two new cases of cholera and
one death from the disease Sunday at Ham
burg. Rev. Dr. Israel P. Warren died at Port
land, Me., aged 76 years. He was for eleven
years secretary of the American Tract so
ciety. Forty mules were left in the Twin mine
a month ago when the miners scurried out
of it with a lire in their rear. When the
fire was extinguished twenty-three of the
mules were found dead and seventeen alive,
the latter having lived on the feed troughs
and the hay stuffing in their collars.
A rich Dayton, O., merchant will sue a
Cincinnati surgeon for having removed the
well kidney instead of the diseased o:ie
froru the merchant some time ago.
Rrown Smith, who had leen separated
from his wife for some time, attempted to
enter her house at Dawson, Ga, She sent
a bullet through his forehead. She b.is
mt !een arrested, as the killing is consid
ered just ifiable.
Isaac Radford, of Toronto, and David
Hughes, of Buffalo, flipied a dime for the
I equity in a piece of land, worth $.",UO0. liuf-
The Republicans of Georgia have re
fused to fuse with the Populists and will
run a straight Republican electoral ticket.
Hiram Judson, principal of the Oscoda,
Mich., public schools, and 56 years old, has
eloped with Myrtle Hastings one of his
1 pupils, lo years old. The worst is that Jud
son deserts a wife and two children.
Rev. James Raume. for thirty years a
leading memlH-r of the Rock River Metho
dist conference and for fifteen years a mis
sionary in India, sustained a paralytic
stroke on his way home and is reported dy
ing at London.
Ed. J. Ryan stole $45,000 of his employ
er's money, and a Washington jury gave
him three years in the penitentiary.
The first of the men arrested for leading
the mols in the Tennessee coal region has J
been tried and acquitted in spite of the
most conclusive testimony against him.
Pennsylvania Getting; Over Her Panic
Philadelphia, Oct, 11. Republican
State Chairman Reeder says that all the
Republican counties in the state will be
provided with ballots. County commis
sioners will be furnished with the names so
they can make up a ticket and give out the
contract for printing. By Oct. 17 a ticket
will be prepared in strict accordance with,
the law, and not more than forty-four
The Itase Hull Kecord.
Chicago, Oct. 11. Following are thebr.se
ball scores recorded yesterday by League
clubs: At Cincinnati Chicago 4, Cin
cinnati 3; at Pittsburg Cleveland 3. Pittf
burg 8; at Brooklyn Washington 5, Brook
lyn 8; at Philadelphia Baltimore 2, Phila
Cleveland Arrives at New York.
New Yokk, Oct. 11. Ex-President Cleve
land and his wife arrived in the city yester
day, and went to Victoria hotel, where they
watched the school parade . and then re
turned to Greenwich, Conn.
All the year round, you may
rely upon Dr. Pierce's Golden
Medical Discovery to purify
the blood and invigorate the
system. It's not like the
sarsaparillas, that are said to
be good for the blood in
March, April and May. The
" Golden Medical Discovery "
works equally well at all
times, and in all cases of
blood - taints, or humors, no
matter what their name or
It's the clieapcst blood -purifier,
sold through druggists,
because you only pay for the
good you get.
Your money is returned if
it doesn't benefit or cure you.
Can you ask more?
"Golden Medical Discov
ery" contains no alcohol to
inebriate, and no syrup or
sugar to derange digestion.
It's a concentrated vegeta
ble extract; put up in large
bottles; pleasant to the taste,
and equally good for adults or
The "Discovery" cures all
Skin, Scalp and Scrofulous
affections, as Eczema, Tetter,
Salt-rheum, Fever-sores, White
Swellings, Hip - joint disease
and kindred ailments.
Woodyatt's Music House-
No. 1804 Second Avenue.
WOODYATT & WOODYATT.
Thie firm Lave ihe exclusive sale for this county of t.:
Piarjos etrci Orais,
WEBER, fcTUYVESANT, DECKEK BROS., WHEEL-. X,
ESTI-.Y, AND CAMP & CO.'S-PIANOS,
And the ESTEY, WESTERN COTTAGE and FAK
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
v A fnl? line tlra of small Mnelcal merchandise. We have in onr employ a first -elast Plato T : -
At never before heard of prices
G. O. HUCKSTAEDT'S,
1809 and 1811 Second Avenue.
Call in and see
FINE LINE OF
The best line of SCHOOL SHOES ever shown in the
Wriorlat & Greei etjeilt,
1704 SECOND AVENUE.
We will occupy our new store, cor. of Fifth avenue
and Twenty-third St., and will be known as the
Fifth Avenue Pharmacy.
KOI! ST VON KOECKRITZ, Pharmacist.
The Bee Hive not only
shows the largest and
best bought stock of
cloaks and millinery in the
tri-cities, but can and does
offer bargains in each de
partment calculated to
paralyze competition, open
the eyes of everv wide
awake cash buyer, and
prove to all that the Bee
Hive is "second to none "
in stock, styles or 1jv
Your self-interest leads
you to the
114 West Second Street. DivcnpT--