Newspaper Page Text
THE ARGUS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1892.
Fabllshed Daily aad Weekly at 1SS4 Second
vena. Bosk Island. IIL
J. W-Potter, - Publisher.
r i :
a Dally 60c per month: Weekly IS. 00
par annum; in advance SI .bo.
All commanlcatlon of a critical or arramenta
tiva character, political or rellirloua. mast have
veal name attached for publication. No each
articles will be printed oyer fictitious signature.
AnoTmoni eommnnicatloas not noticed.
Oorreapondenee solicited front every township
a hock island county .
Tueidat. October 18 1892.
IIKHOVIATIO HATlOKAIi TICKET
For President GROVER CLBVELAHD
For Vice President.. ..ADLAI B. STBV&asoN
rorGoyernor JOHN P. ALTGKLT)
For Congressman at lane JOHN C. BLACK
For Congressman at large. ANDREW J. HUNTER
For Lieutenant Oovemor JOSKPHBG1LL
For Secretary of State.... WM H HIRICHH?N
For Auditor DAVID GOnE
For Treasurer .. RCFUS N. RAMSET
For Attorney General M. T. M ALONEY
For Elector, 11th Dlxt J H HANI EY
For Cong ess, 11th Dist TRUMAN PLANTZ
ror uemDer itoara oi jfqaauzat:on,
H. R. BARTLESOX
For Kenresentative. Twenty-Brat Diet.
JOSKP11 H. MULLIGAN
For State's Attorney , M. J. Mc ENTRY
For Circuit Clerk... PETER FKEY
For Coroner WINSLOW HOWARD
;s in i
Gfrmanj la a hifrh protect lv tariff conn-
trjr and wmrMsr inurh lower there than
In free trade Knclaml. The same ih true
of l'rnrf, Anntrla. Italy, Kn.Kla and Spain
11 hlarh tariff and low van naylnrraau-
tlinaM rompardwith KmkImimI. Speakiiiar
arenerally, wajreN are from 'cu to )er -tin
higher In free trade Kncland than In the
high tarlir ronnlrlra or continental r.urope,
And KngllHh wasren only . organ to grow
filgher as tariff taxation wan rrdaced under
free trade. Chicago Xrlhimr.
Henderson County Democrat: Vote
for Truman Piantz for congress from the
Eleventh district and elect a brainy, capa
ble and worthy man who will do his
ah re toward enacting good and whole
some laws for the country.
Republican Organs on Cleveland.
That Urover Cleveland is a most re
markable man la not to be denied. His
force of character is prod'gious. He is
Strong, aggressive, obstinate, domineer
ing, with an unbending will, a stubborn
pertinacity, and an impervious selfish
ness. that form something almost deserv
ing the name of genius. He is ruggedly
and boorishly honest. Chicago Journal
Cleveland ia the strongest man the
democrats have. He is the brainiest,
nerviest, coolest, moBt audacious and in
every way the best man they have. He
is by far the strongest end best leader
that party has produced since Jackson.
A Lawyer Humorist
The late Mr. Edward Kent Karslakewaa
an admirable lawyer, and might have made
great name if he had taken to his work
seriously. But this was just what he was
unable to do. His love of humor was al
most greater than his desire to achieve a
forensic victory. This failing somewhat
irritated the judges, who also grew im
patient at his classical allusions, which he
introduced into the dullest and most tech
nical cases with a cleverness which even
they were wont to acknowledge. In open
ing a case before the late Vice Chancellor
Hall he said:
"This, my lord, is a short cause," which
the judge fully appreciated at the end of
Mr. Karslake's two days' 'speech. Like
his brother. Sir John Karslake, he was a
very tall man, and related how a reporter,
describing the attorney general's appear
ance, innocently wrote, "Sir John Kara
lake then rose at great length to reply."
Antiquity of Death Masks.
Although there is no mention of death
masks in the works of Homer, or in any of
the later Classics, recent explorers have
satisfied themselves that in the early
burials of all nations it was the custom to
cover the heads and bodies of the dead
with sheets of gold so pliable that they
took the impress of the form, and not in
frequently, when in the course of centuries
the embalmed flesh had shriveled or fallen
away, the gold retained the exact cast of
the features. Schliemann found a number
Of bodies "covered with large masks of
gold plate in repousse work," several of
which have been reproduced by means of
engraving in his "Mycente," and he asserts
that there can be no doubt whatever that
each one of these represents the likeness of
the deceased person whose face It covered.
Laurence Ilutton in Harper's.
The Way to Catch a Porcupine.
The porcupine climbs the tree as readily
as a squirrel would, provided you don't
slip up and cut his tail off while be is going
up. Somehow or other he can't climb the
tree without bis tail, nor he won't come
down without it. If you catch one of these
porcupines climbing a tree and chop his
tail off he will stop right where he is, and
will stay there until he starves to death,
unless he is taken away. Philadelphia
The I'honograph In a Hencoop.
M. du Ilaudrny, following the method of
Professor (Jarnier's studies of the Simian
language, lias curried his phonograph into
the hencoop. lie places it in one henhouse
where the "family" are at home, and when
the receiver has been cackled into for half
an hour it is taken away and made to re
peat all the gossip in a neighboring hen
coop. The results of the experiments are
said to be marvelous. New York Journal.
Fuel in Furnace Ashes.
The want of a ready method of dealing
with ashes obtained from boiler fires or
other source of heating power so as to ex
tract the unconsumed fuel called "breeze,"
so that it could be used over again, has long
been felt. Thousands of tous of good fuel
are daily thrown away for want of a ready
method of cleansing it from the ashes with
which it leaves the furnacei. Pittsburg
A Thin Quereat.
Sunday School Superintendent Tommy,
can you tell me why the lions didn't eat
Daniel when he was in their denf
Tommy I guess it must er b'en, mister,
cause he was like you an hadn't any meat
on him. Boston Courier.
John McDarby, of Salmon Falls, Mass.,
has double teeth all around and a stomach
which doesn't rebel when he chews and
wallows glass, stones and other Indiges
tible. ... .. .
PROOF OF THE CHARGES MADE
AGAINST GOVERNOR FIFER.
ft lowing How He and His Commissioners
Est Violated the Law Governing the)
About a vear ago the Anti-Convict
Labor league employed the law firms of
Caldwell & Pierson and Barnuru & Bar-
num to investigate the conduct of Gov.
Fifer's prison commissioners, says the
Chicago Times. Mr. Caldwell being a
Republican attorney and one who had
been in the confidence of the Republican
leaders, simply went to work to secure
the facts as they existed, and his report
is sufficient to prove all that Judge Alt-
eld claims and a good deal more. He
consulted with Barnum & Barnum, who
are the attorneys for several of the
brotherhood of railway employes, and
after citing the action of Gov. Oglesby
and outlining the inaction of the legisla
ture in .reference to the convict-labor
amendment, he quotes Gov. Fifer's origi
ii al message. Then he says:
HOW CONVICTS ARE EMPLOYED.
As to the practical operations of the
state penitentiary with reference to and
since the adoption of the constitutional
amendment of 1886:
In examining this branch of the sub
ject it is important to keep constantly in
mind three dates:
1. The joint resolution directing the
amendment to be submitted to a vote of
the people was passed by the legislature
in the spring of 1885.
8. The amendment was submitted to
and voted on by the people at the gener
al election Nov. 2, 1886.
3. The governor issued his proclama
tion declaring the amendment to be
part of our constitution the 22d day of
All the convicts at present in the pen
itentiary able to work and not necessary
in the various employments in keeping
up the penitentiary are employed either
under contracts for their "labor" or
"product of labor,' and such contracts
may be divided into three classes:
1. Those contracts for labor executed
prior to the submissions of the amend
ment to a vote of the people.
2. Those contracts for labor executed
after the passage of the joint resolution
submitting the proposed amendment to
a vote of the people and prior to the
election at which the ieople voted in
favor of its adoption by a majority of
3. The justly celebrated "piece-price"
contract for the "product of labor" of
convicts, which contracts liave been
executed since the adoption of the con
At the time when these various con
tracts were entered into there were not
enough convicts then in the penitentiary
to meet their requirements. At this
time at least three-fourths of the con
victs working under all of the above
contracts, including the contracts exe
cuted before the adoption of the consti
tutional amendment as well as since.
have boen convicted and received at the
penitentiary since the adoption of the
constitutional amendment declaring
"that hereafter it shall be unlawful for
the commissioners of any penitentiary
or other reformatory institution in the
state of Illinois to let by contract to any
person or persons or corporations the
labor of any convict confined within said
VIOLATED THE LAW.
After the passage of the joint resolu
tion which gave positive official notice
to all that the question whether or not
convicts should be worked under con
tract was to be submitted to the people
at the election to be held Nov. 2, 1886,
and before that election occurred, the
commissioners executed five contracts,
still in force, for the "labor of convicts"
dated from August to September, two
of them not to take effect until Novem
ber 1 of the same year, and all of them
to be in force and Oeration lor a period
of eight years, or until 1894. The elec
tion 'at which the amendment was
adopted occurred Nov. ?, 1886, and the
commissioners entered into a contract
Nov. 16, 1886, of the same character as
the former contracts for the labor of
twenty convicts for the period of eight !
signed without the concurrence of the
commissioners of the penitentiary, and
yet the 21st day of September, 1887, a
year after the adoption of the constitu
tional amendment, the contractor under
this contract was permitted by the com
missioners to assign it to another party.
who filed a bond and has been operating
under it since.
The election having been held and the
people having declared for alxlition of
convict contract labor, and the govern
or's message having leen issued declar
ing that such prohibition was a part of
the constitution, the commissioners, as a
second step in their attempt to keep
convict labor employed, on the 21st day
of November, 1688, had in their posses
sion a contract executed m 1884, to run
until October, 1892, in which contract
was a provision that if the contractor
should fail for a period of ten davs to
pay the monthly installments of the
contract price the commissioners might
declare the contract forfeited. Under
this contract, Nov. 21, 1888, the con
tractor owed the state between $ 6,000
and 97,000, and had been in default for
various sums, ranging from $ 1,000 to
$6,000 for more than a year; notwith
standing this he was permitted to assign
this contract, the assignees undertook
and obligated themselves as a considera
tion for tue assignment to pay $5,000 to
the commissioners to apply on the ac
count of the original contractor, and
the assignees have been working under
this contract, since the date of assign
ment, the fifty-five convicts provided for
by the contract.
WAS IT SENATOR CULLOM 8 BROTHER?
The party who entered into this con
tract, and who was so long in default,
was the same one who entered into the
contract with the commissioners the 16th
day of November, 1886; and at the date
of entering into that contract, the 16th
day of November, 1888, he was in default
finder this contract we are at present
discussing to the amount of more than
$1,000, and had been in default for some
Mme prior thereto.
Another contract of the same charac
ter, which was executed Sept, 17, 1886,
was operated until Oct. 13, 1887, and
then assigned by the commissioners of
the penitentiary, and in consideration
of taking the assignment of this contract
the contractor was awarded by the com
missioners of the penitentiary a second
contract for the "product of the labor
and service of twenty-five able-bodied
convicts," to continue until Oct. 1, 1894.
This second contract seems to have
created some doubt in the minds of
the commissioners as to its legality, and
upon it was made the following indorse
ment: "The foregoing agreement is sub
ject to the nugatory action of the legis
lature," and signed by the contractor
and commissioner; and this is the only
piece-price contract operated under prior
to the summer of 1889. This contract,
while in form of the piece-price con
tracts, has always been treated by the
penitentiary officials as one of the old
style contracts" for the labor of so many
convicts, executed long prior to the
adoption of the amendment. No ac
count has been kept of the "product of
the labor" of conviots under this con
tract, and it has been treated in all re
spects as one of the contracts executed
prior to the adoption of the amendment
In 1889 the commissioners commenced
operations under what is known as
"piece-price" contract, a contract for,
as expressed in the contract itself, "the
product of the labor and skill of prison
ers in the penitentiary." The constitu
tion dtclares that it shall be unlawful to
"let by contract the labor of convicts,"
and this "piece-price" contract meets
that inhibition by contracting for "the
product of the labor and skill of prison
ers." The distinction between the two
contracts is the same as that long known
to have existed "twixt tweedle dee and
tweed le dum." The piece-price contract
provides that the prisoners shall be kept
employed at manufacturing, out of ma
terial to be furnished by the contractors,
and with tools and appliances also fur
nished by the contractors, such articles
as are provided for in the contract and
at such piece-price rates to be agreed
ujkmi by the parties hereto as will net
the state of Illinois 55 cents per day for
each prisoner employed."
NO DIFFERENCE IN CONTRACTS.
Under the piece-price contracts no
such piece-price rate are ajrreed upon by
the contractor and commissioners, but
the prisoners are worked identically as
they were prior to the adoption of the
constitutional amendment, and at the
end of the month, when the contractors
are to pay for the services of the prison
ers, the book-keeper of the penitentiary
ngures up now much is due from the
contractor at so much per day per man,
and then he makes out a bill to the con
tractor for making so many articles at
such a price per article as will equal the
number of men employed and charged
for at 55 cents per day. Under the con
tract for manufacturing harness, saddles.
collars, etc., no piece-price rates are
agreed upon as between the contractor
and the commissioners, no record is
kept of the amount of work performed.
and at the end of the month the book
keeper of the penitentiary charges the
contractor with so many men for so
many days, and then makes out a bill
for the making of so many hundred
dozen of collars at $1.50 per dozen as
will equal the amount to be charged to
him for so many men at 55 cents per
day. No record is kept that a single
collar has been manufactured during
the month, and so far as is known to the
penitentiary officials the convicts may
have been employed on saddle work
continually, and yet at the end of the
month the whole sum charged up for
manufacturing collars at so much per
dozen. Under the contract for cooper
age, rattan chair work, monumental
work, pilasters and mouldings, the bills
are made out for "hooping barrels," and
the bill must show that a sufficient num
ber of barrels have teen hooped at 10
cents apiece to equal the sum paid for
all of the convicts under the contract
employed on a dozen different charac
ters of work for the entire month.
HOW CONTRACTORS ARE CHARGED.
Another feature of this piece-price
contract is that some contractors havs
contracts for piece-price work, so called,
and also contracts executed long prior
to the adoption of the constitutional
amendment. In this event, at the end
of the month, the prison officials charge
him up with all of the men employed
under both kinds of contracts, without
any knowledge on their part as to
whether the convicts were worked under
the one contract or the other. After
charging him up with all the men em
ployed under both kinds of contracts,
and assigning by their process of book
keeping all of the men employed to fill
the quota of the contracts executed prior
to the adoption of the amendment, they
then take the numler of convincts that
are left and make out a bill for "making
collars" or "hooping barrels" or "making
shoe bottoms" for a sufficient sum to
equal the charge at so much jer day for
all the convicts not employed under the
contracts executed prior to Nov. 2, 1886.
So far as the operations of the peniten
tiary officials under the two classes of
contracts are concerned there is abso- !
lutely no difference, except a process of
mental calculation on the part of the j
bookkeeper of the institution. Where
contractors have contracts of both kinds
described, they work the prisoners under
identically the same conditions. There
is no way of determining that prisoners
work under the respective contracts,
and the only distinction as between the
two contracts is in the manner of making
out the bills.
EVASION OF THE LAW.
J. H. Winterbotham and William ML.
Cochrane both have contractu still being
operated under, but executed prior to
the adoption of the constitutional amend
ment. Cochrane and Winterbotham
have no piece-price contracts, nor are
they represented by the records of the
penitentiary as holding any such con
tracts by assignment.
At the end of October, 1891, In making
up bills to the contractors for services
rendered by the convicts, the number of
days worked were estimated by adding
togethor the number of convicts working
for Mott, Cochrane and Winterbotham
under both kinds of contracts, and figur
ing the number of days worked by the
fetal number of convicts employed. Then
from this sum total was deducted the
number of days possible to be worked
under the old-style contracts executed
prior to the adoption of the amendment.
and the balance of the number of days
worked was divided and charged to
Winterbotham and Cochrane as the pro
duct of labor under piece-price contracts.
notwithstanding that John G. Mott was
the only individual of the three men
tioned who holds a contract with the
commissioners for the product of labor
under piece-price contracts.
The foregoing record presents a trans
parent and rank evasion of a plain con
This is the testimony of Gov. Oglesby's
secretary, a Republican and a lawyer.
who was employed a year ago to probe
the matter to the bottom. It proves
that Gov. Fifer was either criminally
negligent or did not know what his
penitentiary commissoners were doing,
Wardens Berggren and Dement either
did not post him or he did not care to
ascertain what his appointees were
We authorize our advertised druggist
to sell Dr. Ring's New Discovery for
consumption, coughs and colds upon
this condition: If you are afflicted with
a cough, cold or any lung, throat or
chest troubie, and will use this remedy as
directed, giving it a fair trial, and exper
ience no benefit, you may return the bot
tie and have your money refunded. We
could not make tbis offer did we not
know that Dr. King's New Discovery
could be relied on. It never disappoints
Ttia! bottles free at Bartz & Bahnsen's
drug store. Large size 50c snd $1.
Since the first introduction Electric
Bitters has gained rapidly in popular
favor, until now it is clearly In the lead
among pure medicinal tonics snd altera
tives containing nothing which per
mits its use as a beverage or intoxicant;
it is recognised as the best and purest
medicine for all ailments of stomach,
liver or kidnejs. It will cure sick heads
ache, indigestion, constipation, and drive
malaria from the system. Satisfaction
guaranteed with each bottle or the money
will be refunded. Price only 50c per
bottle. Sold by Hartz & ttabnsen.
bccklbk's arnica salts.
The best salve in the world for cuts,
bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever
sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains,
cores and all skin eruptions, and posi
tively cures piles, or no pay required. It
ie guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction
cr money refunded. Price 35 cents per
box. For sale bv Ilartz A Bahnsen.
Allow me to add my tribute to the effi
cacy of Ely's Creim Balm. I was suffer
ing from a severe attack of irjfluet.za and
catarrh and was induced to try your rem-
edy. The result was marvelous. I
could hardly articulate, snd in less than
24 hours the catarrhal symptoms and my
hoarseness disappeared and I was able to
sing a heavy role in grand opera with
voice unimpaired. I strongly recom
mend it to all singers William H.Ham
ilion. leading basso of the C. D. Hess
Grand Opera Co.
A Druggist Talks.
Will F. Crawford, druggist at Des
Moines, lows, says it i& remarkable the
way Cubeb Cough Cures sells, that his
customers speak of it in the highest terms
of praise. One man in particular who
has been troubled
years, never found
used Cubeb Cough
stopped it at once,
tate to recommend
with bronchitis for
any relief until he
Cure. He says it
He does not hesi-
it for all throat snd
To Young Mothers
who are for the first time to undergo
woman's severest trial, we offer you, not
the stupor caused by chloroform, with
rick of death for yourself or your dearly
loved and longed-for offspring, but
"Mother's Friend." a remedy weich will,
if used as directed, invariably alleviate
the pains, horrors and rieks of labor, and
often entirely do away with them. Sold
by Hartz & Bahnsen.
I Save Taken Several
Bottles of Uradfield's Female Regulator
tor falling of the womb and other diseases
combined, of 16 years standing, and I
really believe I am cured entirely, for
which please accept my thanks.
Mrs W. E. Stebbihs. Ridge, Ga.
Sold by Hartz & Bnhnpen.
A Real Estate Boom
Attracts the attention of every property
holder in tbis city. But when Dr. Frank
lin Miles, the Indiana specialist, claims
that heart disease is curable and proves
it by thousands of testimonials of won
derful cures by bis new heart cure; it at
tracts the attention of the millions suf
fering with short breath, palpitation, ir
regular pulse, wind in Stomach, pain in
side or shoulder, smoldering spells,
fainting, dropsy, etc. A.F. Davis, Silver
creek. Neb., by using four bottles of Dr.
Miles' New Heart Cure, was completely
cured after 13 years suffering from heart
disease. This new remedy is sold by
Hartz & Bahnson. Books free.
What the Hon. George G. Vest says in
regard to the superiority of the Hinch
berg's diamond and non-changeable spec
"I am using glasses which I purchased
from Prof. Hirscbberg sod they are the
best I ever tried; it affords me great
pleasure to recommend Prof. Hirscbberg
as an excellent optician, and bis glassei
are simply unequalled in my experience
G. G. Test."
These spectacles are for sale by T. H,
Thomas, agent for Rock Island.
Worth a Thousand Dollars.
Every child born into a family is
thought to be worth "a thousand dollars"
to the parents. Why. then should they
not be cared for from infancy to matur
ity? Keep the mouth and teeth right by
80ZODONT, snd you start them right.
Patronize Home Industry and Protect the Labor of America
- MERRICK'S SPOOL COTTON. -
It Is Six.Cord Soft Fir'sa. Full measure, and ia equally well adapted for Hand and Machine
Sewing. For sale bv
and Dry Goods Bones generally.
MERRICK THREAD CO., 205 Fifth Avenue, Chicago
$4.00 per Month for Ten years,
or $6.00 per Month for Six years
Pays Principal and Interest and seeures you
a Deed with Abstract of Title.
ON EACH PLAN. LOCATION 38th ST.
PRICES WILL BE ADVANCED.
Come early and seenre choice locations and lowest prices
BUFORD & GUYER'S Addition.
Apply to J. M. Buford or E. H. Guyer.
THE FIRST CLASS
Is now located at bis new shop.
At 324r Seventeenth Street.
v iJght Shoes a specialty. Opposite the Old stand.
314 BRADY STREET,
The Fati. and Wintteb Goods are now DAVENPORT,
In. Remember we are showing the largest and most varied
assortment of Domestic and Imported goods in the three
cities. Suits niad to your measure from $20 to $40; Trou
ers made to your measure $5 to $12
B. F. DeGEAH,
Contractor and BiailcLor,
: : Rock Island
Office and Shop Corner 8eTenteent St.
and Beventh Avenue,
'All klads of carpenter work a specialty. Flans and atuaatss for all kin da of bnildlnn
raralataad oa application.
rssrsat. to core all nervous diseases, such as Weak Memur
'VL?ZZ" Headache. Wa..fuD.st iSit M.nhSod. bU
sions. Kerroaaneas. Laa.itude.mil drain. &t Ln r n . ... . w 7 1
Z..1 . . 'I- 7 oTOTer exertion, youthful errors, or rxeeaalva
r.T.V.-Virr ;. "" wr.wmuianw wnicn sonn lead to InflnultT. C..niim
i i-K- ii?. YV.,tyPHir,,?Lcon'ne,,, u crrX In v.t pocket $tt i-r paefc-
aayoa.a.o.rTa.raii.a. ortxa-dUwrnon. Circular U. K?chkZ.uZ
For sale in Rock island by Harts & Bahnsen. 8d Are," and 20th street.
avenport Business 1 College,
COMPLETE IN ALL DEPARTMENTS.
FOR CATALOGUE ADDBDS8
J. C. DUNCAN, Proprietor.