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TUB AJIGUS, SATURDAY, OVEMltEit 19, IS92.
Highest of all in Leavening Power Latest U. S. Gov't Report
THE AUG US.
Batckday, Notkmbik 19, 1883.
First of the Homestead Murder
AEGO ANDEEWIN COOLLY RECEIVED
The Sioux City and St. Paul Volunteer
Apparently Not Wanted District Attor
ney Rurlirgrh, in Ills Opening Statement,
I.y Oat ICouKh Koaii for the Accnned
Man to Travel It. fore He Gets Through
Safely Snnimnry of the Testimony.
riTTSM iMi, Nov. 19. The first of the
Homestead innnler cases came up for trial
before Judges Kennedy and McClung yes
terday. Sylvester Critchlow, a Homestead
striker, is charged with the murder of T.
J. Connor, a victim of the riot of July 6.
Before opening court Judge Kennedy or
dered that all except members of the bar,
witnesses and newspaper men be- excluded
from the court room. This order was
great disappointment to the throng that
almost filled the corridors. At 9:15 o'clock
Critchlow was brought from jail and placed
in the prisoner's box. He is the picture of
rugged health, and wore a neat fitting suit
ef clothes. He did not show the least trac e
f nervousness, chewed tobacco and chatted
pleasantly with the oflicers who had him in
Volunteers Not Appreciated.
Attorneys Argo, of Sioux City, and Kr
win, of St. Paul, accompanied by a sten
ographer, came early. It was a matter of
comment that they were not very cordial
ly received by the other attorneys for the
defense, namely Major Montooth, Thomas
M. Marshall, Sr., William Brennan, Will
lam Reardon, and John F. Cox. The two
westerners sat a considerable distance from
the council table and took no part in the se
lection of jurors; in fact were given no
chance to oiler a suggestion or say a word.
The prosecution is in the hands of Dis
trict Attorney Burleigh, assisted by D. F.
Patterson, John Kobb, E. Y. Breck, P. O.
Knox and Assistant District Attorney
A Jury Not Hard to Obtain.
Critchlow pleaded not guilty and iu
Answer to the usual questions said he
would like to be tried "liy God and by
country. " Brennan, for the defense, moved
to quash the indictment because the grand
jury, he alleged, was not properly drawn.
After some talk Judge Kennedy ordered
the clerk to tile Brennan's motion and
mark it "overruled." It took from about
11 a. m. till 1:H0 p. m. to obtain a jury,
which was pretty sjK-edy work considering
the notoriety the trial tmsalready achieved,
and then the court took recess.
The District Attorney's Opening.
As soon as court reconvened District .A tr
, . . T l. i i . ...
iwrucy uiineijTu in'K'ta ins opening lor the
prosecution. After stating that the indict
ment against Critchlow was for killing T.
J. Connor, Jnly 6, lMta, and was out of a
number of indictments for the same offense,
lie went on to say that the case differs in no
respect whatever from any other murder
case, except that there was one ingredient
which wa not present ia the usual cases;
the jury could find a verdict of guilty in
the first degree, in the second, of voluntary
niansianphte,. or acquittal. Here Burleigh
pralned what constituted the ingredients
"f murder and of manslaughter. He said
that great care must be taken by the jury
not to mistake or confound malice with the
ordinary acceptance of the term. He said
If the commonwealth proved that Critch
low acted with savagery, with reckless dis
regard of social duty, with a mind fatally
bent on killing, malice is understood.
Broad Interpretation of Malice.
There was another element in this oise
to be developed. The law says that malice
cf any one man toward a crowd of people
covers harm done to any one in that crowd.
This malice toward a class is the tame as
Iflulice toward one. Also should several
persons discharge guns into a crowd and
only one man be killed, each and all of the
persons discharging the guns are equally
frailty of murder. it if original inten
tion does not apnea and the defendant is
present, it is manslaughter, even though
done heedlessly. One thing more, a riot is
a tumultuous disturbance against public
peace by three or more persons. It must
be shown that the disturbance was ac
companied by some outward violence or in
"RIOT" IS COMPREHENSIVE.
It Gathers Thrm All In llurleigh Make
It !.mk Very Vglv.
When riot tak"' plwe t-- vedrt ss griev
ance and kiliine is don? all persons en
gaged are puilty of niurd-r. even though
they are not all as individuals smcilicilly
parties to the kiting, Their presence i
sufficient evidence, for they must at their
peril abide the consequences who unlaw
fully by their presence encourage the kill
ing. "What are the facts in the case? We
will show that we are not trying treason or
anything in connection with the strike;
we are simply trying the case of the com
monwealth against Critchlow for the mur
der of Connor. We will show you that
thers) were two barges on the 6th of July
sent to Homestead on m perfectly lawful
errand with no unlawful design against
any one. That the barges were fixed upon,
and during the entire day missiles of death
were hurled down upon the barges with
the manifest intention of killing every one
in the barges.
Imperially for Critchlow.
"We will show you that T. J. Connor, a
young man lawfully there, was shot aud
in such manner as to cause his death. We
will show you that Critchlow was present,
had a gun on his shoulder, was behind the
steel barricade, shooting his gun down
upon the barges. That he was in such
place as the bullet came from as to
cause the Connor wound. We will show
you that from the position Critchlow was
in he could not discharge his rifle in any
otner way man lowarcr termor, lr we
show this, from the laws, then, gentlemen
of the jury, I ask you if Critchlow loes not
stand guilty of some crime?
No Outsiders In the Prosecntion.
"The case w ill be prosecuted by l he pub
lic officials of this county; no privite per
sons will be allowed to interfere in this la
mentable affair. The commoaweakh
seeks no victims, only iustice. Th district
attorney will try only to honestly, truth
fully aud cautiously investigate With you
the truth or falsity of the charges con
tained in the indictment. That is mr sole
'object." The taking of testimony taen lie
pan and evidence was given to prove that
) Connors was shot at Homestead durin"
the not and that he died of the won Lid.
An Important Witness Testifies.
Captaiu John V. Cooper, of the Pinker
ton lorce, retold the ott-repeated ttory of
the battle of the barges, as it was viewed
from the barges, lie described Connor's
position when wounded and tixed the hour.
This was the most important pcii.tinhis
evidence, as it will be followed np by v it
nesses who saw Critchlow at that ti Tie fir
ing toward the barges in a direction he
would have been likely to hit Conner. Thia
is one of the strongest points therrosecu
tion has against any of the Hor lestead
men, it is said leaving out the riot and
general shooting. Some points of Captain
Cooper's testimony will be attacked by the
defense both on cross-examination and by
witnesses. His direct examination was
finished when court adjourned for t le day.
DESPISES HIS PROFESSION.
A Chicago Detertivo Ilefore the ilome-
Chicago, Xov. 19. The senate con mittee
which is investigating the Pinkertoiis heU
snother session yesterday, devoting nearly
the whole time under IVllVrs leadership to
Inquiry regarding the lecil -U:U of l'iuk.-r-ton
men to go into other sr.n -s. The sum
of the testimony was i'n.kirUms were
not usually employed until it was found
that, the sheriff was powerless or at' aid to
do his duty. It was the rule hen t! e nieu
were required to do duty oiitsid- the
property they were employed to uard o
have them sworn in as deputies.
ltruco Gives Spicy Testimony.
The above was what the Pinkerton men
called said. But Robert Bruce, cf th?
Bruce agency, a detective himself, created
a sensation. He said that the men wi-nrn
Pinkerton employed were the sci m of
the earth, many of them ex-coi.victs.
That he wouldn't believe any de
tective under oath, and that remark ap
plied to himself; that years ago co-pnra-tions
used to incite strikes so that they
could get higher prices for their products,
the witness had been engaged hunting
Pinkerton men who went to Homestead
and had affidavits from them declaring
that Pinkerton had lied to then' re girding
Itreak in the Koniestend Strike.
Homestead, Pa., Xov. 19. The me -han-lcs
and day laborers who have been nut on
a strike in sympathy with the members of
the Amalgamated nssneiiit inn nt Vnmo.
stead held a meeting yesterday and voted
w appiy ior ineir old positions. The meet
ing had hardly adjourned until there was a
a perfect scramble to reach the Caraegie
mill offices. The laborers were fciven em
ployment, as were also a large number of
mechanics. There were not enough v.ican
cies to go around, however, and many
were turned away. The Amalgamated
men will continue to hold out.
ARE YOU THERE, MR. MUTHATTON
Joseph the Mendacious Seems to Be L ri
ling in Kentucky Just Now.
Greenup, Ky., Nov. 19. Thomas Cdell,
a yonng man 22 years old, living seven
miles back of town, has met death in a
strange manner. He has been a puzzle to
physicians for several years. He was
affected by what he ate to such an ei tent
that when he indulged in beef-eating, a Kut
an hour afterward he would become rest
less and wander out in search of cattle,
bellow as an ox, and get down on his
hands and knees and eat grass like a cow.
When he partook of mutton his act ions
were those of a sheep and he would p.ain
tively bleat like a lamb. When he ate
chicken he would go out and scratched for
worms which he would devour with ap
Yah! This IS a FiHh Story.
After eating fish he would wonder to the
creek and jump in swimming. His fa;her
killed several squirrels, of which the son
ate heartily for dinner. He left the house
shortly after and was followed by the
father. The father saw him enter an oak
grove and soon saw his son jumping i.iin
bly from one limb to another, at the srirae
time barking like a squirrel. He called for
him to come down, but this only ee:ne 1 to
make the boy want to escape and he at
tempted to jump from one tree to anot n-r,
but missed his hold and fell to the groi ndi
a mangled, breathless mass of humanity
and expired in less than five minutes.
Roman Catholics and Schools.
New York, Nov. 19. The conference of
the archbishops of the Itoman Catholic
church of the United Stales continued in
session yesterday and at the close of the
day's session gave out the action on Koi lan
Catholic school children. It was resolved
that the erection of schools shall be pro
moted until there is enough accommoda
tion for all the children. Until that time
arrives the children are to be taught the
Itoman Catholic creed in Sunday scbiols
and also on other dayB of the week. Parents
are also to be urged to teach their children
Shot an Any Officer Dead.
San Antonio, Tex., Nov. 1. Captain
John G. Bourke, of the Third UnitedStsites
cavalry, who became noted recently for his
activity in running down Gar.a revolut on
ists, was shot aud killed iu the United
States court here yesterday by Paul Fri he,
a United States deputy marshal. Bon rke
was testifying in the investigation that U
in progress for violation of the neutra ity
laws in the Garza uprising. A portion of
his evidence angered Friche, who shot the
officer dead before any one cop Id interfere.
FOR LAKE TRAFFIC
A Great Work Projected by the
DIG 31X3 TO BS 3E3UN XEUT LI AY
An l a Ship Channel With Twenty Feet of
Water Constructed Connecting Chicago,
Dnlnth md Ilii.T.ilo The font To He
Not Mor than $3,340,000 and Comple
tion Req irert iu 1800 Some Descrip
tion of the Work To lie Done.
Washington-, Nov. 19 One of the most
important projects of the United States
engineers is the excavation of a ship, chan
nel twenty and twenty-one feet deep in the
shallows of the connecting waters of the
great lakes between Chicago, Duluth and
Buffalo. Thewoikis divided into tight
sections and must In-begun by May 15, ISM,
and finished within three working seasons,
that is a period of JXt working days be
tween May 15 and Nov. 30. The contracts
will be awarded by a.x-tions. There is avail
able for commenting the work the sum of
jr5,&0, while congress has limited tho
cost of the chrvnnel to 5,340,000.
St. Mary's Itiver fchoaU.
The first section comprises the improve
ment of two shoals sn St. Mary's river,
Michignn, above the canal. The tipper
shoal lies northwesterly and the lowet
shoal north easterly from oMjllonnd island
lighthouse. The work to be done consist
in excavating a channel within thesideand
end lines prescribed by the United States
agent in charge, the channel to have a
bottom width of 300 fret and a total length
of about 3,000 feet, the estimated excava
tion being SK),000 cubic yards.
Improvement of Little lud.
The second section comprises the im
provement of Little Mud lake U 'tween the
lower end of Sugar island and the lower
end of the Dark hole, SU Mary's river,
Michigan. The work to be done consists
in excavating a channel within the side
and end lines presoritied by the agent, the
channel to have a bottom width of 300 feet
and a length of about 1S.500 feet, and the
estimated excavation being 3?y,000 cubic
The Reef Abreast or Sarton.
The third section comprises the improve
ment of a reef abreast of Sarton Encamp
ment island, St. Mary's river.Michigan. The
work consists of channel excavation be
tween the side and end lines, the channel
to have a bottom width of 300 feet and a
length of about 000 feet, the estimated
excavation b-in 0j,3ti6 cubic yards.
OTHER WORK TO BE DONE.
Many Hnudred Thousand Cubic Yards of
The fourth section comprises the im
provement f a shoal about one and er.e
l.alf miles below Saiton's encampment in
Mud lake, St. Mary's river, Michigan. The
work to bi don:; consists in excavating a
channel oeuvecu trie side ana end l ues, the
channel to have a bottom width of ;J.iW feet
and a length of about 4.0O0 foct. the esti
mated excavation being 67,100 cubic yards.
The tilth section comprises the improve
ment of a n iT!, her of small shoals at the
foot of Lake Huron. The work to be done
consists in t xe.iv.it in g a channel between
the side mi l end lines prescribed by the
United States agent in charge, the chan
nel to have a bottom width of 2,400 j'e. t
and a length of about ti.uou feet, the esti
mated excavation hcingL'oti.i.iOO cubic vards.
Channel Through St. Clair Flats.
The sixth section comprises the improve
ment of the St. Clair tints. Michigan. Tho
work to be done consists in excavating a
channel within the side and end lines pre
scribed by the United States agent in
charge, the channel to begin at the deep
water of St. Clair river above St. Ciir fi.iu
canal with a bottom width of not more
than 650 feet; toetice gradually narrowing
to the cunal. a length of about 3,000 feet;
thence for the full width of the canal
through its entire length of 7,2"0 feet;
thence gradually widening to a bottom
width of not more than SOO feet at the deep
water of Lake St. Clair, a further length of
about 17,000 feet, the total length being
about 2T,aoO feet, and estimated excavation
being 950,000 cubic yards.
Nearly Five Miles of Digging.
The seventh section comprises the im
provement of Grosse Point Flats, Lake
St. Clair, Mich. The work to be done con
sists in excavating a channel within the
side and end lines prescribed by the United
States agent in charge, the channel to have
a minimum width at the bootom of 300
feet aud a length of about 9,000 feet, but
the engineer officer in chaige may require
the bottom width to bo increased to not
more than 800 feet if the price bid so war
rants, the estimated excavation for the
w idth of 300 feet being 1:20,000 cubic yards.
Detroit River liar Must iio.
The eighth section comprises the im
provement of the bar at the mouth of the
Detroit river. The work to be done consists
in excavnting a channel within the side
and end lines prescribed by the agent, the
channel to have a minimum width of 300
feet at the bottom and a length of about
26,500 feet, but the engineer officer in
charge may require the bottom width to Le
increased to not more thau SCO feet if the
price bid so warrants, the estimated exca
vation fer the width of -too feet being 411,
000 cubic yards.
The Tildeu Trust Library.
New York, Nov. 1S The trustees of
the estate of Samuel .L.Tilden report that
a settlement between them aud the rela
tives contesting the dead statesman's will
ha? been arrived at and that the original
idea of establishing a library and reading
room in this city for the education of
young men to be known as "The Tilden
Trust" is now actually in sight and needs
only official endorsement. There will be
tJ.OOO.OOO for the library.
Looks Like Attempted Murder.
Defeke, Wis., Nov. 19. Charles Wood
received in the mail Wednesday a box con
taining cigars aud candy. He ate some of
the candy and eave the remainder to the
two childreu of his employer, John Shea,
who shared it with their mother. Shortly
afterward the children and their mother
were seized with the violent paroxysms of
stiychnine poisoning. Physicians were
called and the sufferers were brought out
Suarthout Itrothers Held Without Bail.
LYNDON, 111., Nov. 111. The preliminary
examination here yesterday of the two sons
of A. M. Swartuout. held for the murder of
their father a week ago, resulted in their
being held for the murder without bond.
Blaiue Has a Bad Cold.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 19. Hon. James G.
Blaine is confined to his room with a bad
cold. There is no cause Icr alarm.
And now conies a Chicago man and says
it was another Murchison. who lived at the
time and lives now at Pomona, Cal. So
that the iH)sitivedenial of M. W. Murchison,
is of no particular interest any more.
Hon. Geo. P. Edmunds, ex-senator, is en
route for California with his family wife
and daughter. He goes there to escape the
rigors of New England winter. At Chica
go he was besieged by reporter, but re
fused to talk polititics I
The Association for the Advancement of
Women has unnaimously re-elected Mrs.
Julia Ward Howe president.
Obituary: At New York, ex-Congressman
Milton Saylor, of Ohio. At Helena,
Mont., John S. McMahon, proprietor of
McMahon's circus. At Kaleigh, N. C,
State Treasurer Donald W. Bain, aged 51.
The National Academy of Sciences is al
ready planning another expedition to the
north pole uuder Lieutenant Peary.
A New Jersey grand jury recommends
the establishment of a whipping post for
The Philadelphia mint has commenced
coining the 5,(HX),0O0 World's fair souvenir
M. Wit??, the Russian finance minister,
is making a third attempt to raise a loan in
A newIrish soeietv is renorted at New
York, w hose object is to embroil Ireland
and hngland in civil war.
A lumber baree named the Heninmin
Harrison is missing at lake points, and a
pianit with that name has been picked up
n me uamor ngtit station at 1'ortage, Wis.
A team of horses came near running over
uiaastone as ne crossed a lxmdon street,
but the g. o. m. wasn't marked for death
that time. He got through with a slight
blow on the shoulder from the tongue of
General Isaac S. Catlin, of Brooklyn, has
been mentioned for the office of commis
sioner of pensions.
A portion of the Washington Tark hotel
in Cincinnati collapsed, burying several
persons in the Uebns, but all escaped with
William Maier, who murdered his wife,
was hanged in the jail at Wheeling.
C. 1L Davidson, of the well known Cana
dian nursery firm, has been arrested in
Mexico charged with obtaining $40,000
from the Bank of Hamilton, Toronto, by
means Qf forgeries.
Six violators of the election law in Mis
souri have beeu indicted by the grand Jury
The Kussian journalist, Michael Bernoff
has arrived in Paris after a journey afoot
from St. Petersburg by way of Vienna and
Munich. He started from St. Petersburg
on Dec. 11 last.
Five employes in a brush factory at Pont
de Marcq, near Lille, France, have died in
the past two days of a mysterious illness
resembling the plague. The victims had
been engaged prior to their illness in sort
ing bristles imported from Persia. The fac
tory has been closed.
Heavy storm at Craw furdscille.
Ckawfobusvillk. Ind., Nov. I1.'. During
a heavy thunderstorm which visited Craw
fordsville Wednesday several buildings
were struck by lightning .-.n.l much dam
age resulted. A ti:nn:o;h sfock barn be
longing to W. A. Everson w.-,s destroyed,
together with vuhiu'.i'.e ci ntei:ts and three
fine horses. The burn of 1 at i is Reynolds
likewise Ourned and a number of persons
w ere severely shot ked.
Thinks lie Was Dcti aiolcd.
Lkhanon, lnd., Nov. in. Elder J. A.
Johnston, late candidate on the Democratic
ticket for representative of this (Boone)
county, has filed papers contesting the
election of his opponent, S. S. Davis, npon
the grounds of illegal voting in the Ke
publican ranks. The Democrats lost the
county ticket by from nine to seventy-five
votes and rumors of other contests are
One Killed and Five Ilurt.
Albuquerque, N. M., Nov. 19. The
west-bound passenger train on the At
lantic and Pacific railway was turning a
sharp curve at Crozier's tank In Truxton
canon when the express car, day coach
and tourist sleeper left the track and
rolled down an embankment. William G.
Walker, of Trenton, Mo., was instantly
killed. He was on his way to visit a son
at Los Angeles. Five tourist were in
jured, but not seriously.
X&ture should be
assisted to throw
does it so well, so
promptly, or so
safely as Swift's
LIFE HAD NO CHARMS.
Tot three years I was troubled with mala
rial poison, which caused my appetite to fail,
and I was greatly reduced in flesh, and life
lost ad its charms. I tried mercurial and
potash remedies, but to no effect I could
gcrtno relief. 1 then decided to try jl'E?jHj3
A few botdes of this wonderful fc)y-
medicine made a complete and permanent
cure, and I now enjoy better health than ever.
J. A. Rice, Ottawa, Kan.
Our book on Blood and Skin Diseases
made J l re ?.
Swift Specific) Co.. Atlanta, Ga
To call your attention to a fev facts :
Your eveslebt Is priceless the eyes need good
care improper spectacles are Irnriocs, yon
should rot trust your eyesight to irresponsible
peddlers of cheap spectacles.
H. D. FOLSOM
is a Practical Optician, and will take pains to
properly fit yonr eyes for every defect of vision
and will guarantee a perfect fit in every case.
to MrtMMd Mfc t M BMW VM tta
If the lines in this diamond figure do not
appear equally black in all the different
meridians, it indicates a defect of sight
that causes nervous head-ache and should
ia corrected at once. Eyes tested free.
. . J Jeweler aijd Optician.
Driffill & Gleim.
It will pay you to watch it for the Grand
$4.00 per Month for Ten years,
or $6 00 per Month for Six years
Pays Principal and Interest and seeures you
a Deed with Abstract of Title.
ON EACH PLAN.
Cvme early and secure choice
BUFORD & GUYER'S Addition. K
Apply to J. M.
At never Delore
G. O. HUCKSTAEDT'S,
1809 and 1811 Second Avenue.
314 BRADY STREET,
The Fall and Winter Goods are now DAVi.PCr;T,
In. Kemember we are chewing the lj igeet and most varied
assortmf nt of Dcmestio and Jitpo&ted goods in the three
cities. Suits made to your measure from $20 to $40; Trou
sers made to your measure $5 to $12.
We will occupy our new store, cor.of Fifth avenue
and Twenty-third St., and will bejknown as the
Fifth Avenue Pharmacy.
HORST VON KOECKRIIZ, Pharmacist.
We can't help talking about 'em; they are
going this weather like hot cakes.
A Special Sale this Week.
2500 fine stylish garments, with and without fur,
at $28.50, 22.50, 18.00, 15.75, 14.25, 10.25, 8.25,
7.50, 6.75 and 5.95.
You will save at least $4 to
$10 on each garment you
buy from us.
ELEGANT LINE OP
Millinery Always the
best at the lowest prices.
We are the People.
is reserved for
I LOCATION 38th ST
locations and lowest mi 1
Buford or E. H. Guyer.
heard ot prices
1 14 W.SecoBd Street, DAVENPORT, lOWl