Newspaper Page Text
jslanb Daily Argd
VOL. XLI NO. 43.
ROCK ISLAND, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7. 1892.
I Single Copies 5 C.as?"
nteresting State Document by
Vis administration upheld.
ifl Exhaustive Array of Fijrures to
Siiow the Prosperity of, the
sill Has V: ill i'rotfi linn, hnt
, , 1110 ii n i J t . i .'..n 01 ivil(
, ie t Ullilir. lo ;nc l'i:ty-t bird
V!.nt I : i.l '.bout tlie
'-' r v 'Vu.-rt n ' h; . rl
. . ot i - .c.r; Gro.'.ih
Ihe Vive i.Pit Upon.
r skxat-: Ati Horse of KEPnrsKvr.
- i';,.!:i.';n;"riniiu; message to congi e .-.
-:i" sal:.- t'..n in l.ioug alO ten;
..-ti'-'nl .i.otMHe n.l'ocliU'T the co.iri-
t ' : '1' l loton-:-. of the Unit. 1
- : ( .. gree favoniMe. A
: 'i tho cxi-tlng conditions with
, :::-st 1'i.v. ivi: i riod in the history
...:;:try will, i beiicvi-. show that o high
-- .f p'. -spent v a:. .so;:"ii('-;il;i liiUM..tt
oifo.rt of life wore never b-efore en
onr people. The total wea'th of the
::i 1-Vni was ?hU'i),i;l-'i."-s. In 1S!D it
.. t,. -r,-'.i;ii.(..(i. an iocrcnse of 2s?
Ti. total niUeage of rni.wava in the
-.tw in lMi( was ;-0.'Ml: in mm it was
,'. ; : i-nTi aso of 44H ht rout.: and it is
. -I il:.t there w.U l-o nlmnt 4.il nile
: i; n.Mei bv tho o'os of the year Istki.
'Kit returns of tho eleventh census and
.r the tenth oencts for seventy tire loud
- .'uriiieh tho basis for tho following
, t ii. capital invested iu manufacturing
i-'n. tl:MiTital invested in manufacturing
.. :ie imuilier of employes wasl,il,-
. 'hp nc-r-Vicr of employes was S.i"l,-
' wagi- earn d were g.V -l.tW1.TT"-'
wa -os cur .led were $l.i.'l.1Ttt.4rt4.
. . ! ' value of till' product Was 5:1, 711,-
' u-.f value of the product was Ji.W,-
I the superintend -it of tho
' .:n:ss:..n o. cerieio it. l'.t.-tiiei
-i di.l.i.'o.i in !eii a-'. i. os in
: ' ' '' '.ar-.al: in-T.-as-.- no.- :-own.
: '. m e.!...: tun - d .wnno-vr . r iiift'i-ron--
' -! -hft:ti-- ti:- r-t; mstor all
" . 1 1 i. '. li .-iv- r. in
: r -ii ! . wfi-ati'-'v .'... in-
- 'i . x i! .-m! : ! of S!.v:;.7t'.t:
:. -is- l-v. r i r..M.. -n
Si,T7.!it i i. :. .i i;, r m
. . V "i.t i-v iniji: v.-. i.." .!t.
i uvi..n-: ! ct only s,imv v: : . " mc t
: : ; '. ': r. -,.,. ... i- '), ,tti
, . I-' i -l-l -. .
.nH.t s-etiTc- xv ,!i.ii nihN.
1 . Ill- plioi Tliilis anl twi
i 'i .lie ; C 'U''n iis.T t .v
i n luiilr intluo' tlie:-n h-c.e-.
: e'-oi! ot r h - New V
i..t ;ii iii -. the 'i;ci b. r it'
tne n..i ::. :- 1. ly.'.'iir 1
:ee ot i ' '-1 t. . r ' ' e.-ir
I h. :.": tv; .. c..it..n ' by
:'- !."! i:i l-l-l v.-ikil'i 11 -'i ' -4: l 1 ill
1 . ;ii i-i a-- j.: Is 'oi.'is.
'.. .:. " 1' t 1 -1 - in.:',.. -! . .- t'e-le liiis
: 1 ( Vfrei- ill tile Co;, sun. r Uol! ot i'..l: '11
' .'.1 .C ', it c. ill. w!i 1 t. ,i .iii: tie- s-.Tiie.
t ' ncr. ,ie .nth. c c-, impi.o.: -a t he
o Slates i, a- been abo; i I ! oe. ..ill.
'1 lale .iililitiic(oi-ic.
r. i-.iff i '' -ri. Ay r. ;it c:;I ai.'.-n' of the
rv pairniei.t, si-ows t . .:i i- ai the date
i. :i.. !.'!--. i here v.t-re ; '.i.i t v-t w com-
n:.-i- uf.-i- .' - i i . r:n :i:: . t ": e ti ate .n
ii t tl is . . :,n : f . .rte mi c..ni;innie-
ii.-: new ...: l-:e to- sin-h' :i anulacturc.
i ".let i. - strnetii in buildings an I
tit i.i . . ise ot tiio tisoal viir. June 311.
l-'-'-i, if cx stii: c. ndit -oils were to tie con
:;:ia. ii. was jt."..!.'.-. and tne estimated rnte
c? iirtsluction 3tai.ii 11.101 txmnds yier annum.
Thea-eual .r .du tin . of tho imirter ending
-ei. lHft;, w-,9 ln.eV.'.rj.'i poon.is. The ro
' r- r l.a!ior Conimiii: loner Pc. k of New
Y-- V .yi..v.'s at i'r.rn-.ir ti c ye-ir isni. in aliout
h.x tii.i'..s.tnd niaiiii.act'ir tin esratiti-htncnts in
tiii.i sine embraced wi:h.n the SK-cial inquiry
tnaie by ei n. mil r iTewiiting sixiy seven dif
fer, nr ifele .1 r.i-s. t eere w. 1 1. te't increase over
-i" vei.r ol l'!i ' of s"tl.:i-i.i:: MS m tne valne of
th" product, and ot ?-i.i;Toirj.'i.ii!i in the amount
(' ..vji .s paei. Th" ri'iion o' th' comieissioner
laiM.r Joi- the stale ol iMasichm..tts shows
that 3.745 indn tri es in that sta'e pa.d fltuili,
-".' in wagi sdurin:.- tie eai- Ism. again : ?lti.-(--)"(.?
in lsno, an in. n ;.si of ::.'.i-4:i. a-id that
ther,- was an increase tf ?iii.?.r.' i:m m the
iinionnt of capital, and oil 7,;i ui tne numlier
t.t 'pei.sous enipioy.ii in the same k: -'hI. Liur
irig the hist six months of the year istll. and the
I"s: six mouths ot Istt". the total prclucion of
jug ir n was H.TIii.sl!) tons, as against H iCo tJ
t'.iiS in the year i-'K', wh: h wtis the largest an
iiual prodin tiou e - er afain.'il. For the same
Iv, inont'.is of lHnl 'tf.'. the production of
l,'rts.'mer ingots Wits 3,h7S.oril tons, an increase
l"H.71li gross tons over the previous year,
tie- production Iieing 3.'-H.Wl gross tons in lS'.HI.
-lie pnxluction ot Bessemer sTeo! rails for the
first six montlis of IstC was 77L'.4.H' grons tons,
-s &Laiust 7ic;,nsi) gross tons during the last six
months of the year 1S-1. 'iho total vaiup of
cur forriL-n tr'atle lexnorts and mantifactnresl
during the last tiieal year was $l,N7,tii,tiltl, an
lin'rea.-: of jlJH.Uh.i,tjii4 over the previous fiscal
year. The average annnal value of our imports
and exports of merchandise for the ten fiscal
years prior to lt.Hl was $1.4o7..ij:.01. It will be
observed that our foreign trade for Wi ex
ceeded this annual average value bv Hon.a-iiV
8H1, an increase of 27.4" I-er cent. The signifi
cance and vulue of this mcreasearo shown bv
the fuct that the excess in the trade of 1M over
1 was wholly in the valne of exports, for
th'-re was a decrease in the value of imports of
Value of Export.
The vnlue ui our e.xpoits during the fiscal
Tear 1S! reached the highest tigure in the his
tory of the government, amounting to i-1 . KH
To.' cx,'et,"EK hv eI4.V7t7,:Sl the exjiorts of
l"fll and exceetling the valne of the imisirts by
t-,s,.i,iisti. a compari-Min of the v alue of our
exports lor l.stwith the annual average for
the ten years prior to laul shows anexo-ssof
JiKi).14i;,071, or of H4.H5 per cent. The value of
our imports of merchandise for 181K, which was
a.4o. va, also exceeded the annual average
yalue of the ten years prior to IsW by 135,2l5,--40'
iurmg the hscal year lsie the value of im-
r""""-"' uury amounteo to 4.i7.Si".',iVi, the
largest aggregate in the hisiorv of nur com
merce, rhe value of the imports of merchan
dise entered f rtre ot duty in lMti was ftix. iia jht
cent of the total value of imports, as compared
'ith 43.a6 per i-ent in istil and ;.b pr cent in
MM. In our coastwibe trade a most encourag
lt.g development is in progress, there having
b"en hi the last four years an increase of 10 per
cent. In internal commerce the statistics show
ttiat no such jsinod of prosiHinty has ever be
fweexiKied. The freight carried iu the coast
wi. trade of the great lakes in j. ! aggregated
On the Mississippi. Missouri aud Ohio rivers
ni the trinutanes in the same vear the traffic
JfnTegnted a),4-5.ilU tons and the total vessel
tOlitl.-.Lru nam.ii.ir tl,-r,r,i-K fha TW.,w.ifr -i
. - f. is - -' - " H " -" '- "..". . - ' 1 Ulii'
taat year was iH.ft-4.ilno. The vessel t-mnage
II..-....! I l I : -. : i .
. i. uuu uuareu in tue iurei..n iraue oi
n curing Jstut amounted to Jll.4SD.7ti7 tons,
t l.iv. ri.ool lo.mi.Kiii tons, a total for these
s i "at sh.ppiiij; ports of SS4.43 .. touts, oiily
-in i-x.'ess o: tne vessel tiiunage passing
'-.tu i.... l.o.i rive. Aii't it suouii l,o
iii.it the se isou of the Dettoit river was
days, while, of course in London and
'I'.mi1 the 'ii ,v.. of the entire y:;r.
l.S.'.-i l;.,.l e. , -.-.s'It:.'- thro.lL'li tile S.t.
to i. ' ' oi ine nscai year uc amouniea
".ivy .i u,ns and the freight tonnage of the
?,'..! TlVaT 1M ""':'" for the vear at 2-V
rW tons, aga.nst JSt auM,l tons in loHL 'ine
resrtltnte traffic on our railroads for the year
wu (jnjuuijgji 7i u nussi-u "jtona sit- irWMLtm
Deposits Iu Havlngm Banks.
nnniJ?1! 18 i,nl,"i- 1,1 ,hB - tttlaittil
iS ?r Wtors in navinirs banks in
JTeased from ti!,7U in lau. to 4 i4VJ.KKJ in 18HU.
n:rewe of 513 por ,-ent.. and thf atnoSnTof
in 1S90, an lncrcane of 821 per cent, iu lwi,
we anwnni of depomte iu the savings banks
H,TFC9 T.4M- 11 fa -tmatl th t U per
oent. of these ioosits represent tho aavinKsof
toe wage earners. The lu.nk ciearancea for
UlL0$$2Udi? ' lm- -'""untod to
u,uw,duu,u. t or the same mouths in
they amounted to 45,lK,sm,!V7, an excess for
the nine months of iH.1401 l.iast.
There has never been a time in our history
when work was so abundant or when waaes
Were as hieh, whether measured hythecui
fency in whic h they are paid or by their power
to supply the nec-essitioH and comforts of life.
It is true that the market prices of cotton
ana wheat ha Iwon low. It is one of the
unfavorable lm i,., its of ai.Tii'ultnre that the
fnrinor c-an not prixlu".. - , n orders. He must
sow and reap iniirnor; . the actrregate pro
anctiKnof the year am. i).-nimi lv sulijwt
to the depreciation which follows over pro.iuc
tion. l.ut. wh.i-i the fact 1 nave Ktatcd is true,
as Kithecroi s in -ntioned. the k ihmt.I ivi"wo
ui prices nas t.-n such as to irive to aur.cul-
"e a lair t:.rtic;i..tion in tt. ...v-i
HTIIV. 1 Qe VJ! i.t ni-r t..ol t-.v-.
ur total farm pr.v
t.v hits incrca',1 fr,.Tn Jl.C. litii, :'is
in 1 ii)
t i.itm ism ; i.
un.-.. an increii. o:'
l he n.iiuisT
'.in. I. !t'.
''I'l I Uiid
:.-. ..ii. ami their
:lu. 1. is..', iho nnmiier
ts value f :.Ml.it.n.41.. (n
v o.' . was :..s75,i4s
:: on 1. 1 t :u
aV! '.tii' x':.'.. ' ' 7;i.7;:i.
Iiv. on, n'.c.i witii their
.y ln.ii. 've .hat the
rcrtir; s i..rhomst toil,
. ."honl.i not fai: to n--no
other ... .nut v it. r lie
a1!:': l i
nr.;.; ..,Xi il.
IV). ii jiiiv an
state h. i:
wanes or prices t
are intrie-r.:,.e. t;
meinluT lii.it i h.-l-e
imii ill w.iere I ... conditions that s e:n to them
nana woul.i n.-t 1 aec. t te.l as hi .'.d , i,ri p -v.
ous. The Kioriish ar-i-ienhuri.-t would clad
to evchaiiiie the returns of his lalsir for tn i-e
Of the American farm r a d the Maie-he-ov
orknion their wau-s for tho-e of their f .: ,wc.
at Fall Kiver. I Is-licvt- that the protective s.s
t in. which has now for so :., :li,n like thii'tv
years prevail.-d .m on- ' cVl: t ion. has be : a
imiruty :nstrc-r:":'.t for th i . o-tuctit
n iiionalweiiI.il 1. 1 :i ri .. ;v. r.-ila.wticvi
proto. t njf th- !;. ..ii.-s ..f our wori.iiunncn lr,.
tlie invasion of want. J h ive te't a -iiost s i :
nous mrerest to prescrv" t - our w
rat -s of wayv.s ti nt wo:.i i not
lir--;d b it supply a cm. foiu l.lo
i'l. 'li-- i e
iiiom? home i.ttiaitiout, a. id
torts ana enjoyim-nts without which
is iieitner hopeful nor sweet, i lev are Ameri
can cuizcus a part of the ..-rci jHsmie tor
y..om o:ir-ont!e'i r. :r.d g.wnrni ui .r
fram.si and m- ., a d it ran n t 1-a ... r-V;'.-io:i
of tlla- . .. l.tufion to So legislate as
i- niiis'ivr oi tuei - noriiea the ecm'o-t , m
peii.ien.-e, loyalty and sense of inter-'-,! j.i :
.v.-rniiie.i; .viiieh are .'H.-nti; M:.-. o,I. -...,.
Kli... ::i peace a:id nieh wi 1 i.iiii li...
w.ut turonc. as in 1-nl, to the d'-iensc of
Bag when i; is ic.-.ii.ed.
New ldicy 1 tit rodnced.
It is not my purposo tore:;e-.r here t):f : ;
r. c:.t i.i ttivor i.t a pr.'ts-t'vv tn- o
; - J-ill L - 'I t ,e : 'e-M. -.-'ivi i.n rn i t he
a.- i.n inn li-n-o in. -o a n w jKiliev. . ,:,
assuiiii' th -i i .' t - ; it tar::f. "e-.tici -: .
U...o iii 1 ,:es .-r -: ....( ..,,!.. ,.. ., ; , (-:.l
lliid t l t tiler - t , )-.. ;t-t-. ... t. ;t
t ir.tl l.tw c.,.1 1 .1 .. 0 .. -'.y w ,;1 i ' -t
l v.-:iu.-: tic., n i d.uv i.. ti be hi lie ! -a.-,
t i :. -.- .v .1 - ;, .. ii an A ir. .
orKc.-;- ..(. ii.. o; a .
man. i.:i; -fiat 1:1 . v. , . (m .
i' re. e of i:i:t is in ! - it;.;
U W ll tc l.e.' t. 1'ie l'.-:-' .'
ol the l'nit-i .-ti. i in-l.-ii t -..t r. t us i
eniie. , T .- .-.m; -i. r. :c not b 'en li-r.v.-
. u (.ri.ic., ,.'...
st tin t to- pi
fuel it wo
v lilini; p.
I l" :. .
I 1 ' isliltl 'Il th
-.- V'.S-.d bv 1
tie last .'. i .1
: i: ot'iiiiou o.
and ius'itii'd i
re i!'.it-(. . f
K'.ileii. bv I.
Blot. "'. l
tin . , n if
t:v -s -,-:-Vlsl.
1 rici n
e w :
mat: r i
lay- d for at
of' cr, :.: tat
-1- ' u i!!- on i'. -
e: : hat th..- w.. k !
si 1 br.e lnor.t t-.s: to-
tne : n: i
o in'.e h
i k mtriKiuees .
cort.i l.itv thai a
loniit, not i ns,-,
ot business ;ii i, , - -n and of
auction wiil :-'.- -s-irily r sul'. i
bl . also. that thni iitii'cttii:
re-ult in d.H-rexscd icvenue- w-.m
totns duties. lor our merchants
nt. Ke ''an ioits or!n- for foreim tr-- i.lsin
Of illC pros,', ,-t ' .ai'.:I 1" ,:ep -:s u ,o ti ..'.-
leii.i.ny'i ' v .i ii i ie.-y ,... ... , . -
Tii.-e iio e .'uivo-'uteil a prote-Lvc tar.,
can well aford to have their iiisastrotis ii.r. -casts
of a ehatiir '. piii''y ,;...itd. If:
sys'em if ciisto..is ':;.'..: -. -.".i . i -nine 1 till:
will. set ti e idl v;, . . a , i iinci.s of Kuron ,i.
motion au-t cr wd .. i" 'ear 'm ',i1u fofei,;:
nunie goods, aud at the si.tiie time keep o-.i-own
m.lis busy: that wiii g.ve us an iucrea- -1
purtieijiatioti in tie "n'r.rlrcts ..f . . '
world' ..; -.renter val - tluci i c he.'.:" man
we sun t -iidcr: t'.-it .vol! e-iv.- iocr a--, wo- k : ,
fol'eitli Wl'lkli'el: ...not. orolOtiCts f be c-i.i-
l b.iuieU Ly our p',.-,j' w il no. ,t aim nisoin
amount of xv.n k Ii
anie ibe Am ; icaii in..i.. tai i i.rer to pay to i.'"
Workn'en front to ;.M t-cr cent ta-.re in
wages titan i- paid in the foretttn mill, and yet
to comiwte in or.r roareT and in
lotci-ii markets w-r'i tu.- foreign pro
ducer: that will further re..;-ee 1 h"
Cfil t of ertie'e- . 0 weir a-'ii 'o -'. wit'." .11
i c.inciiiii i lie v. s of Tin ..-ie wiio pi, ntuce iliem:
tl::;: inn 1 leioa'.-!. o!V- :s etl.s-i hare
b."i real;. -.cm. ..i.s : M -:a-iii.t t-as In-eo. in
Euro;.. :;s v . il a- ei . t . lv-nn ci!-, f lie ail
t olsiuiuw to a-I-ot 1. v. in no t:titleii to the
Lia'-st prai-s. . Vv e llr.v.. i.ao in our history
scveial ei-ii-lieiices of the contrasted effects of
a revenue and of a protective tariff; but this
generation has not tclt them, and tiie experi
ence of one generation is not highly instructive
to tho n-xt. Tne tvicinis of the protective sys
tem, with undiminished confidem" in the prin
ciples they have advocated, will await the
results of the new exiwnment. -
Strained Itelations Vt ith Labor.
The strained and too often disturbed relations
existing laitweeu the employes and the em
ployers in our great manufacturing establish
ments have not lieen favorable to a
calm consideration by the wage-earner of
the effect upon wages of tlie protective system.
The facts that his wages were the highest paid
in like callings in the world and that a main
tenance of this rate of wages, in the atisence of
protective duties upon the product of his lalior,
was impossible, were obscured by the passion
evoked by these contests. He may now be
able to review the question in the light of his
Iiersoual experience under the operation of a
tariff for revenue only. If that experience
shall demonstrate that present rates of wages
are thereby maintained or increased, either
absolutely or in their purchasing power, aud
that the aggregate volume of work to be done
in this country is increased, or even mam-
u iti.-.l ho I lint there are more or Hshnnnv riRvn'
work in a year at as good or better wages for
the American workmen as has been the case
4ndwi- I lieheve. is. noHsible for the American
manufacturer to comiiete successfully with h.s
foreign rival hi many branches of production
without the defense of protective duties, if the
ay -rolls are equalized: but the conflict that
stands between the producer and that result
and the distress of our working people, when it
is attained, are not pleasant to contemplate.
The society of the unemployed, now holding ite
frequent and threatening parados in the streets
of foreign cities, shonld not be allowed to
acquire an American domicile.
I The Business of the Public Transacted
The reports of the beads of the several exec
utive departments, which are herein sub
mitted, have verv naturally inclnded a resume
1 of the whole work of the administration with
I the transactions of the last fiscal year. The at
! tention not only of oongress, but of the coun
tr . is again invited to the methods of adminis-
tration which have lieen pursued and the
results which have been attained. Public rere
1 noes amounting to $1.U4.(17MJ3128 have been
coUeoeu a n. i toshnrsed without loss from mis
appropriation, wituont a single defalcation of
such importance as to attract the
public attention, and at a dimin
ished per cent, of cost for collection. The
punlic fraaineas haa been transacted not only
with fidehty, bnt progrosaively, and with a
Tkn o (lrinf o th ioojile Jn Ul fullest pofc
uBui.'iiii.ra i . , ' ' j Pacific and the car al tolls, our negotinons
joice. A general process of wage reduction ; Wlth Great Britain havriontinuouslvtn
cannot be contemplated by any patnoUccitizon thwarted or retarded bv unreasonable aninn-
witnout tne cravest apprenension. ii mav oe.
sfble degree tue "neneffisoT a service established
uu uuuuuuuuu ior tneir protection and com
Our relations with other nations are now un
disturbed by any serious controversy. The
complicated and threatening differences with
Germany and England relating to bamoan af
fairs, with England in relation to the seal fish
eries In the Bering sea, and with Chili trowing
out of the Baltimore affair, hare been adjusted.
There have boon negotiated and concluded,
under section three of the tariff law, commer
cial agreements relating to reciprocal trade
with the following countries: Brazil, Domini
can Republic, Spain for Cuba and Puerto
Bico, Guatemala, Salvador, the German Em
pire, Great Britain for certain West Indian Col
onies and Brit isb Guiana. Nicaragua, Hondu
ras aua Austria-Hungry. Of these, those
with Guatemala, Salvador the German Empire
Great Britain, Nicaragua, Honduras, and
Austria-Hungary bavo been concluded since
my last annual inussa:re. Under these trade
arrangements free or unfavored admission
has been secured in every case for an impor
tant list of American products. Especial care
has lieen taken to secure markets for farm pn -ducts
in order to lel.cve ttiat treat underlvii.
industry of the depression which the lack of i.n
adiHjuate foreign market for our surplus oft jn
brings. An opening has also b en made for
manufactiirej products tnat will undoubted'
H this policy is uiainta-ined. neatly augment
our exp-ort trade. The full lener.ta of these
arrangements cannot be realized instantly.
New lines of trade are to be opened. The com
mercial traveler must survey the field. Tlie
waiiufa. tur.'r trnst adapt his goods to the new
markets and fncili.ies tor exc.hanvre must lie
established. 1 iiis work lmn lieen well begun,
our nit'i chants and inaniilai-tiir.rsbave entt-red
tho new fields with i'ourji ,-c and enterprise. In
the case of food i'i.I'h K anii csssiallv
wit'i ui.a. the trade d c. n .t need 1 wait, and
the imuie liaif r.-su mbio- been in- gratify
ing, if t is polii y and thoso tratie arran-e-meiiis
c-an lie coniiuued in force aud aided by
the cstiibli.shme;:t of Ainein an steamship lines
Ido not doubt that ie shad, within a short
peri.d. secure i'uily one-third of the total trade
of i he countr.es of t'entral and South America,
which now amounts to aliout itM.unn.KKi an
nually. . In ltxv we had only 8 per cent of this
Increase in Reciprocal Trade.
The following statistic show t he increase in
onr tra.ie with the countries with whic h we
have recii-rocal trade agreements from thedate
whin sin h afire Tnc'iis went into etti-t unto
Sept. .n. is:i-;. the lur'reas.' Iieing m so.ne almo-t
wholly aud in others in an importu.it riev.-n'e
the result of t licae agrtsments. The domi-stic
exports to Germany and .ustr.a-Huiig..ry
have ini ruased in value from 47.Ki,'i.7.'iii to
cr. a-e of lu.tilii.t.ts. or Sl.Ul
Xmerican co:in.i'ns tiieTlne
'. per eent.
of r x
I per e.
; ex,.-, t
l i ve r; '-
x; -iii iias mcreas.sl tr i,., ?44,lii.'Js."
s. an 'tl rcise of t-ln.t'-i.nlll. or :.b7
"he ; . itai increase :n t'ie va.ue of
to a-l the countries with which wo
niocity agreements has Imtti $Ji.77i.
s in. . . ;.sv is i Inotly m when',, tior.r,
d dairy products and in tnanufacti.res
d ste-l j'.ud lutiiber. There b as btvii
. "reae iu the vatue of imi-ort.s from
count ri-'s since the cotmnereial agre---
ent l.ito etiect, nmouul'iig to n4.4.
cut it nas tie :i I'liiir
elv i-i iintKirts from
i-nsistitjg m.istiy of
sine if. .-. !.'., ir.u.a i'ubl
111 '..::.; nied ,'it'eniion of oil!
a-i market ha-.
etitois f ir t:i.-outh Amet'i
Hiirai-ti-' r-. this tn-w .-'.mi rican v-
unn lo our a ij iiKitiou and their hiss of S.
Aiuerit an tratie.
The Seal Xutlnstrv.
v. as con. -lit.
:.tl - he -!1h of K'.
ill:-. :r- .:i;-i -. -lio.ir
v.s.,s..Is. tl.r e
lis' se.'l. MX Ii:
s ami ot:e
I tttn'ier c. ini"
:a i'li i
t ever. th..t
h.-i ds w re
i.tcs of t.ie
s' -e.i by :-..-
t is ti-oe. hi
while : he s. a:
s-o's bi : ween :
to less than
in the Noith Pac:
on their way to j
i.sia:iils, a very lar
wen. taken. Tl
I States oo not restrain our citizens 1'ro.ii
sc.i.s ill tho Pa-i!i ooe;.'!. an 1
sui.oii.! i;.it, r.r.iess proiiiiiiti.iu
2an he cxuuoed to i.ie citizens of
other nations I reeomtn. nd that jwiwor
K given to the !Y'sei-nt by pr. .elair.-i
tion to prohih.t the takin.- in s. :n.s",n the North
Vacific bv Arm -lean ve -els. in case either :.s
the result o: tire findings of the tribunal of
arbitrn; i-i:.. or otherwise, the restraints can be
applied to tl'.- v..--. Is f,i all countries. The cane
ot th" Unite:; St i s for the tribunal of arliitra
ti m has lsn pr-t.ared witti i-reat care and
industry by the i ion. .lohn W. Poster, aud the
counsel who represent this government ex
press eonti.i.-noe that a result substantially
estabiishin-j: o.ir claims and preserving this
great iuiiu.strv for the benefit of all nations
will be attained.
Commercial Kxchanges 'With Canada.
During th" past year, a snggestion was re
ceived throus'i the British Minister that tlie
Canadian Government would like to confer as
to the possibility of enlarging, npon terms of
mutual advantage, the commercial ex
changes of Canada and of the United
Stat, and a conference was held
at Washington, with Mr. Blaine aotiii?
for this government, and the British minister
at this capital and three members of the Do
minion cabinet acting as commissioners on the
part of Great Ilrttain. The conf erence devel
oped the fact that the Canadian government
was only prepared to offer to the United States,
in exchange tor the concession asked, thiad-mis-ion
of natural pronucta. The statement
vat frankly ma le that favored rates could lot
be given to the United States an against the
mother count : y. This admission, which was
foreseen, nec-s-arily terminated the con
ference upon'teis question. Tho benefits of an
exchange of natural products would lie almost
wholly with the jieople of Canada. Some other
topics of interest were considered in the con
ference, and have resulted in the making of a
convention for exami dn the Alaskan boun
dary and the waters of Pussamaijuo ldy bay,
adjacent to East port. Maine, and in the "initia
tion of an arrangement for the protection of
, fish life in the coterminous and neighboring
waters of our northern bol der.
i The controversy as to tolls upon theWelland
canal which was ( resented to congress At the
! last session by s;iecial message, having failed
ot adjustment, I felt constrained to exercise
the authority conferred by the act of July 2d,
Hnd to proc aim a suspension of the free
use of St. Mary's Falls canal to cargoes in tran
sit to ports in Canada. The secretary of the
I treasury established s-ueh tolls as were thought
! to be equivalent to the exactions uujus ly
levied upon our commerce in the Canadian
I If, as we must suppose, the political relations
; of Canada and the d s'.iosition of theCanaotn
government ate to remain unchanged, a so$e
; what radical revision of our ti sue relati h
; should, I think, be made. Our relations must
. continue to be intimate, and they should be
j friendly. I regret to say, however, that In
many of the controversies, notably it&se
i as to the fisheries on tie . At
lantic, tne sealing interests on ,4 the
friend v obiections and Drotesta from dmiula-
In the matter of the (-anal tolls, our treaty
rig lite were flagrantly disregarded. It is
hardly too much to say that the Canadian
Pacific and other railway lines which paralliil
our northern boundary are sustained by com
merce having either its origin or terminus or
both in the United States. Canadian railroads
compete with those of the United States for
our traffic, and without the restraints of our
inter-state commerce act. Their cars pass
almost without detention Into and out of jut
Freight Over the Canadian Pacific
The Canadian Pacific railway brought into
the United States from China and Japan, via
British Coltimnia, during the year enued June
ll lUU- Vt 'IU hj.U .....n.i, r,r 4 1
-", ..wm, - . v. ..uuub s. - i-u., (uio. i l car
! ried from the United States to be shipped to
China and Japan via British Columbia, 24,068,
346 pounds of freight. Tnere were
also shipped from the United States
over this road from eastern ports ' of the
United States to our Pacific ports' during the
same year lii,'1llS.U73 pounds of freight, and
there were received over this road at the
United IStates easiern porta from the Pacific
coast 1333,315 pounds oi freight. Mr. Joseph
Kimmo, Jr., former chief of the bureau of
statistics, before the United States select com
mittee oo relations with Canada, April 2U, ltsnj,
said that the value of goods thus transported
between different poinuun the United States
across Canadian territory probably amounts
to$100,0 0.UU0 a year.
There is no disposition an the part of th
pie or government oi tne united states to
i ; l
. U. 1 1 .....
wholly with h r own people. It is time for us.
however, to consider wfcether, if the present
state of things and trend of things is to con
tinue, our interchanges upon lines of hind
transportation should not be put upon a ditior
ent basis, and our entire independ
ence of Canadian canals and of the - St.
ljawrence. as an outlet to the sea secured by the
construction of an American canal around te
Falls of Niagara and the opening of ship com
munication between tue Great lakes and one
of our own seal torts. We shoul i not hesitate
to avail ours.-lvesof our great natural trade
advantages. We should withdraw the support
which is given to the railroads and steamship
lines of Canada by a traffic that properly be
longs to us. and no longer furnisu the earnirgs
whicn lighten the. otherwise crushing weight
of the enormous public subsidies tnat have
been green to them. The subject of the pow.r
of the treasury to deal witu this matter with
out further legislation h s been under consid
eration, but circumstances have ostponed a
conclusion. It is probable that a consideration
Of the propi-i-iy of a modification or abroga
tion of the .- rticle of the treaty of Washington
relating to i he transit of go.ids in bond is in
volved in any complete solution of the question.
The Settlement with Chili.
Congress at the last session was kept advised
of the progress of tue serious and for a time
ihreatening differences between the United
t-lates and Chili. It giv s me now great grati
fication to rtioi t thai the Chilian government,
in a most friendly and honorable spirit,
has tendered aud p .id as an indemnity to the
families of the sudors of the Baltimore who
were killed ami to those who were injured n
tne outbreak in the city of Valparaiso thn
sum ot s7a.). This lisa lieen accepted, Uoi
only as an indemnity for a wrong done, but as
a most grat living evidence that tho govern
ment of t.'h.li greatly appreciates the disposi
tion of this novernuiout to act in a s;nrit of
the most resolute fairness and friend. iness in
our intercourse with that .Lravu c.ioyle. A
further tind ennt-o'Hive evidence of the mutt;..;
respect and o inftilone-' now existin ; is !,!:
nisiied by the lact that aconventi in -ubtnittiir
to arbitration the mutual da uis of the i it. z n
of the respective guv-tmiients have lier,i
agreed up in. Some of these claims lias b: u
pending ior many years an 1 have Iroen t c
occasion of much unsatisfactory diploma: i
correspondence. I have endeavered in every way to assure
onr sister republics of Central and Soci;.
America that tne United States gover- :n. r:
aud its people have oniv th" most frier. .1, ii s
position toward them all. We do' no:
ivet their territory. We have no dis,. .
4-iion lo ue niiiire-sivy r i-xn.
ur dealings with anv
weakest. Onr interests and
them all lie in the din-, tion oi
ments by their people and ot
veiopment ot their coiiinie:.-!..! : -.,
mutual benefits of enl.ir;.; . e t c
changes and of a more i.uuilt..:
intorcourse Ix-twecn ouf .i -
and in tais have sought tie"! :!'!- .
tion. I licve iK'ltev -.l. ho .v r. v
these sentiments iu tin ,:i cor. .. . : .
we must insist ttputi a jest it-: -.i :
any injuries indicted upen ouro'.i -o
tutioes or up in our citizens- '1 ins
kindly and justly, but Mi mly made.
Leve. promote ieaoe and mutual r-
Our relations with Hawaii have In
:1. i ..
U ;e.i:-h .1
toattracl an un reasd interest and m
tir.ne to do so. I dis'tn it of great ini
that the proi.-cted subniarini c-ible. a
fir which has lieen made, shonl.-i lie tiron.i
Both for m.val and commercial. us.s we b'Hlli
have quick communication with lbcne
lulu. We should ln'foro this have
availed ours.lvcs of tho concession, made mar. y
years ago t i thisjgovernmitit, for a harbor anil
naval station at Pearl Kiver. Many evident --s
of the friendliness of the Hawaiian government
have been given in the past ami it is gratifying
to believe t hat the advantage and necessity of
a continuance of very clvise relations is ai
The frieni y act of this government in ex-pri-ssing
to the government of Italy its repro
bation and abhorrence of the H-ni-'uing of
Italian subjects in New Orleans ty the pay
ment of 1 Jfran-i.-sr icit.S-i .'.Hi wa- accepted
by the king of Italy with every maul! e-tation
ot gracio.is ap -reeiation, and ih incident has
boon highly promotive of mutual respect and
Trotest Against .Encroachment.
In consequence of the action of the French
government in proclaiming a protectorate over
certain tribunal districts of thev..-st cutis'- of
Africa, ea-st ward of the San l'edre
Kiver. I have felt constrained to make rrot-st
We must unload our immense stock: Prices must
do the Business;
Look at Overcoats quoted for much more money and
Child's Overcoats worth S7.00 to
Suits worth $7.oo
Suits worth 5.oo
In order to get cut price on Child's Overcoats and Suits this advertisement
must be brought with you. Underwear at greatly reduced prices as usual, only
more so, underselling everybody on everything; the only house who sell as they
" - . THE LONDON,
SAX & BICE, Proprietors, Bock Island, 111,
against tnls enr-roai-ninent flpon tne territory
of a republic which was founded bv citizens of
the United States and toward which this coun
try has for many years held the intimate rela
tion of a friendly counselor.
The recent disturbances of the public peace
by lawless foreign marauders on the Mexican
frontier have afforded this government an op
portunity to tt stify its good will for Mexico
and its earnest purpose to fulfill the obligations
of international friendship by pursuing and
dispersing the evil doers. The work of relocat
ing the boundary of the treaty of Guada loupe
Hidalgo, westward from El Paso, is progrow
Our intercourse with Spam continues on a
friendly footing. I regret, however, not to be
able to report an yet the adjustment of the
claims of the American' missionaries arising
from the disorders at Ponapey in the Caroline
islands, but I anticipate a satisfactory adjust
ment in v iew of renewed and urgent represen
tations to the government at Madrid.
The teratment of the rell gious and educa
tional establisimients of American citizens iu
Turkey has of late called for more than usual
haro of attention. A tendenov to curtail the
tolerat; on which has so benelioiailv prevailed
Is discernible and has called forth the earnest
remonstrances of t his government. Harassing
regulations in regard to schools ajid churches
have lieen attempted in certain localities, but
r.ot w ftnotit due protest and the assertion of
the inherent and conventional rignis of oer'
cotmirvnieu. Violationsof domicile and search
ol the persons and effects of citizens of the
I'oUeii Stales by apparently irresponsib.e
".a!v in tie Asiatic v:iagets have from tima
to i in- lieen rejKii ted. An ag-rravated iustan.-e.
ot injury to the property of the American luis
siotiarv at Bonrileiir in the province of Konia,
called forth au urgent claim for reparation,
which I am plouised to sav was proniptly
heeded by the uovommwni of Porte. Interfer
ence with the trailing ventures of our citizens
in Asia iinor is also reported, and tile lack of
consular repr'-scntatioii in that region is a seri
ous drawback to instant and effective protec
tion. I cannot 'ueiieve that these incidents
represent a settled oli y and shall not ix-ase
to urge the a. lot it ion of proper remedies.
International copyright has been extended
to Italy bv pris;lam'atiou
in conformity with
the act of Jlaicu .(. l.ss.J. uixiu assurance being
given that the Ii.ilian law nermtts tho citizens
of the Uniteil : tat.-s the Is'netit of copyright
on substantially the same basis as to subjects
of Italy. By a special convention, proclaimed
Jan. 15, 1H1I2. '""lprocal provisions of copyright
have been at plie l between the Unit.il Stai. ,
and tremiany Negotiations are in progress
with other countries to the same end.
1 repeat with great earnestness ihe recom
mendaiion w)i!"li I have made in several pre
vious messages that promjit and adequate sup
jsirt lie giv. u to the -Ainer.cau conijiauy en
gaged in the fwnstruction of the Nu-arag'ia
ship canal. It is imtsissible to oversUite "the
value m. in every statidjjioint of tnis great en
terprise, and 1 hois? that tii-re may lie time,
even in this congress, to give to it tin imis-tus
that vvi 11 insure the early completion ot the
canal and secure to tin l'iiitt?d Mates its proper
relation to it K hen completed.
Til. Silver Coulcrciice.
The congress has b en already advised that
the in-.-itat.ous of t!..s iiiirr ui-nt lor 'the as
Bomblm; of to: intern itiounl u oneiai y conter
euee to cons dor ti:e queslion ot au enlai-g.-d
i-ssje of h.lver was accepted by the nations to
which they weie issued. The confere.ioe as
sembled at Brass Is on the liM of NovemVH;r,
and has eutet-e 1 r.iuii the .-ous derati -u of th-s
great question. 1 have not ooui-te'i, au.t have
ta-.cn m-c;i-H'ii to expres. that lhl:cl, ;.s well
in the invitations :asui o for t .is conference as
in my public mes ages, tliai the free coinage of
silver tipou ao a're,'J intcrnatio: al ratio would
creatly l-roniot. the ii ierests of our iieople
and eiiii.iliy ti.os.' of other nations. It is too
early lo prod ot what result ma be ace in -piish.d
by the con ; en-nee. If any tt mjiorary
check or iiciay intervenes 1 believe mat very
t-.-on -oumier 'ol e.ie iTiou.s wiil c inpel the
now reluct. in. gov.-rnm. nts to un.te well us in
this nio-.-meiii t --eei.re t.e en .arc-'melit of
tho voiume o' money n-.-t.e.i f t tile tranac
tion of the b i.-:ne.-s of tiie worl h
REPORT - OF THE TREASURY.
Misleading Statements that Have Keen
Made Concerning the Kcveuucs.
The report ot" the se. ret.-iry of tho treasury
wiii attract i s;H-c.al aCention in view of the
many mislcacmg statements that Lave been
made as to t:.e state oi the public revenues.
Three preliminary iacts should not only be
stated hut emphasized before bsiking into
details: First, i-iat the public debt has been
reduued since March. 4lJ-iVS--A,'.:a and tat
we will sell Overcoats worth
to $9.oo for $5.oo.
to 6.5o for 4.oo.
3,5o to 4.5o for 3.oo.
annual luterct etiarge fn.r.;4.4fl; second. Wat
there have been paid out for pensions during
this administration up to Nov. 1. loot, J4,si,504,
17K.7U. an exee.is of (114.4W.:.tt: over the sum
expended during the period from March 1, 1HS5,
to March 1, l&K); and third, that under the
existing tariff up to Dec. 1 about $Ui,UU0,0U) of
revenue, which would hnve been collected
upon imported sugars if the tariff had been
maintained, has gone into the pockets of the
people and not into the public treasury, aa
before. If there are any .who still tuink
that the surpius should have been kept out of
circulation by hoarding it in the treasury or
depisited in favored banks without interest,
while the government continued to
pay to these very banks interest
upon the bonds deposited as security for the
deHsit.or who think that the extended pension
legislation was a public robbery, or tnat the
duties upon sugar stiould have been maintained,
1 am content to leave the argument where it
now rests, while we wait to see whether these
criticisms will take the form ot legislation.
The r. venues for the fiscal year ending June
au. lsir.'. irom all sources were S4i,ie,auU.lS.
and the exs nditi.rett for all purj o-.e were
-S-41.VtCfcJ.KtHi-.-Mi. 1 aving a balance of 'J,l.il4,4j3.ti.
'1 here were paid during the year upon the pub
lic debt s-Wi.5Tn,4-ii7.ts. rhe surplus m the treas
ury and bauk redeiupt, on fuud. passed by the
act of July 14. lsnti. to the g'-neral fund, fur
nished in large part the cash available and used
lor the pa incuts ;m:ide upon tue public debt.
Coin par. d with the year lst'l. our receipts from
customsdutiesf. il oft g42.iDM.24l.tWi, wt.ile our
rec. ipts fr ,m internal revenue increased fcs,-JS-t..-.l.!:i,
leaving the net loss of revenue from
thes-c p'incipal sources ts,7.-4.417.Vii. The net
loss of revenue irom all t-ources was i-CJ.ti.a,-721.
Th- revenues, estimated and actual, for the
fiscal year ending .1 line .it. fsttii, are placed by
the secretary st ?4iil.i6.-i"i.44. and expendi
tures at f 4id...iv."iii.44. showing a surplus of
rei-eipts over exi-enditures of fimxi.tuju. The
cash tiahince in the treasury at the end of the
fiscal year, it is estimated will be Saj,va2,337.Ui
lllenii ui of Uncertainty.
So far as these figures are based upon eati
mates of receipts and cxiiend.tures for the re
maining mouins ot the curn'ut thecal year,there
are not only the u.-ntal elements of uncertainty,
but some aud.M elements. New revenue legis
lation, or eveu the expectation of it, may se
rioi.sly reduce tue public reveuues during the
perioii of unci taiuty and during the procesa
ol business adj i-tment to tue new conditions
when thy became known. But the secretary
has very wisely rei rained from guessing as to
Uiu effect of po-M-ibli- cnaiiges iu our revenue
(Continued on Foutth pBgc)
Costa !sst;-.ar. r'ilf
j j than the over-priced and
ever- encorsea Kinds.
J jdtje fos yourself.
Jn Cans. At your Grocer's
Nothing reserved; every
thing goes in Children's
department as advertised.
see if ours are not as good.
S9.00 for $5.00.
Tt ' -
7.50 for 4.00.
4.50 for 3.00.
"'tan"" 11 " 1,1 , 1
"'U,vtitii'5waft.',.-' ; -f T!v,ti