Newspaper Page Text
TIIK ANGUS, Fit ID AY JAN?TMtY 27, 1893
raolfened Dally and Weekly at MB Second
Arenas, Bock Islaad,
J. W. Potter,
Tsaas Dsiljr 60c per month; Weakly H-06
yor annnia; in aaTance f 1 .ou.
All eomnanlcations of a critical or srramenta-
ttrs character, political or rellirlous, most have
real name attached for publication. Na aach
article will De primed over aeuiiona signatures.
Ann Tin adm Anmnanniratloma not noticed.
Correapondenee solicited from every towaahlp
1 VKOCK laland connur .
Fbidat, Januakt 27, 1893
Yk gos, what a spectacle! Boss
Wells poeirjfc as a civil seivice reformer.
Within the past year the increase in
the sapply of currency ha been but 1 23,
000,000 and at present the supply per
capita averages enly $34 23.
Electricity for canal boat propulsion
is new being experimented with, and it
is quite likely that a trolley line will be
constructed along the Erie canal.
Boston Globe: The largest wool grow
iog state In the countiy is Texas, with a
C'ip of 35,231.225 pounds.and Texas gave
the largest majority of any state for
Cleveland. The next largest wool pro
ducing state is California, with a clip of
26,534,016 pounds, and this state.for the
first time since 1830, cast her electoral
Tote for a democratic candidate. The
third wcol producing slate is Ohio, with
C'ip of 22.340.435 pounds. In this
atate.the home of McKmley.tbe reput li
can party was dealt a staggering blow, its
majority having dwindled to almost noth
ing. The career of tthe foremost American
of his time, one of the most brilliant
statesmen and most wonderfully mag
netic citizens has closed James O
Blaine is dead. The ideal of the great
masses of a party whose principles he
molded, bearing the admiration and re
spect of his opponents and the pride of
the American people, his demise will be
mourned by the nation, irrespective of
party lines or creeds. The future histor
ian will accord to him a J place among
the brainiest and most interesting types
f American citizenship the country has
I'UNh the Pavey Investigation.
A legislative correspondent, referring
to the story that the democrats will be
deterred from passing an investigation
of ex-Auditor Pavey, because Represent
ative Meyer, of Chicago, has threatened
to move an extension to cover the oper
ations of the state treasurer's effice,
The inference left by the wise peop1
who circulate this story as an urtjutueti
against an auditorial investigation, ;s th
there has been crookedness in ttie treas
ury effice. As there has been but oi
democrat in that office far a generation i
is clear that the republicans have mor
-to fear from such tin investigation u,H,
the democrats can have. The implied
threat, of course, is that Mr. Wilson will be
made to return to tte state any iuterest
on public funds be may be found to have
realized from their loan during his term.
But willjack Tanner favor such an in
Testigation? Or is Mr. Meyer acting f r
the Fifer element in his party, who
would like to send Jack back' to his Clay
county tawmill. What tne democrats,
and, in feet, the entire people, want is
an investigation which will run through
all the departments. What arc we here
fore? Let no euilty man escape. Attorney-
General Maloney's part in the work
can be aided and expedited, perhaps, fcv
timely legislative action. tBu, if this is
to be a short session something must be
And the Springfield Register says:
The republican threat to inolude the
state treasurer's office in any proposed in
vestigation of Gen. Pavey's failure and
refusal to turn over his cash books, is
pueri'e. There is not now and there nev
er has been any disposition on the part of
the democratic state treasurer, cor of
previous republican state treasurers, so far
as we know, to conceal their books or to
refuse to turn over to their successors all
the records of their office. The State
Register believes in doing every
thing decently and in order, but the dem
ocrats should not be deterred from insist
ing that Gen. Pavey should turn over his
books to Auditor Gore by any republican
To Stop the Hallway Unrders.
If the members of the Illinois legisla
ture wifh to stop the slaughter of people
by railways in this Ftae they can do so.
The r umerous accidents credited to care
lessness o' railway employes are due
mainly to the neg izence of the railway
companies, to the pnrsimony of the direc
tors and the indifference of the offievrs
It is time to put an end to railway mur
ders, such as the wholesale slaughter at
Wann last Saturday. The companies
should be made to put in safety appli
ances and the l.w that prohibits a jury
from giving a verdict of more than f 5 000
against railway company in cae of death
should be repea'ed. Railway murders
will continue as i.ns ae it is cheaper to
kill passengers than to protect them.
Like a Good fonnnirom
life, bceanae eve- body moit give It npl But
yon needn't be In a hnrry abont HI Life Is
worth the livlngl To prolong it. Is wo th yonr
untiring effort 1 Don't give np without call ng to
yoar rescue that grand old family medicine Or.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. Many a
worn oat, exhausted body baa it made over good
asaewl It strengthens, bull 's np, Invigorates,
assisting natnre, and not violatli g it. Car. s liver
disease, Indigestion, and all Mood-taints and hu
mors, bare and lasting benefit guaranteed, or
money refunded. A'l druggists.
BLAINE IS DEAD.
This Morning Closed His Bril
A TYPICAL AMEHCAN STATESMAN.
The Moat Popular Citizen of Hla Day,
Yet Ha Was Disa ppointed In Bis Llfa
lona; Ambition iTamatlo Incidents ot
His Career aa Congressman, Speaker,
' Senator, Secretary of State and Presi
dential Candldat Colonel Ingsrsoll's
Celebrated Nominating; Speech at Cis
einnatl Mr. BUI es Domestic life.
Washington, D. C. Jan. 27. James
G. Blaine died at h i home here at 10:15
this mornine.'the ei d coming during one
f the sinking spel s with which he has
been so completely prostrated in the last
few weeks. The great statesman has
been slowly dying for a week, and this
fact being known, lhe news of the final
termination did not occasion a great deal
of surprise, though it is received with
Brilliant Attainments and Personality.
On the first Monday of Dec-ember, 1863,
there met in the hall of the house of repre
sentatives a number of men about thirty
years of age who ve:-e destined to play an
important part in niv ioaal life. Allison of
Iowa, Wiudoni of .Minnesota, Pendleton of
Ohio, Randall of IVansylvaniaand General
Garfield were aniuii;; them. Eut there was
JAMES G. BLAINE.
one wno attracted attention rroru trie vet
erans of the house th.j instant he entered
the chamber, lie was a nmn of noble pro
portions, of easy manner and perfect self
reliance. J le had a splendid crown of hair
of reddish tinge and full beard of the
same tint. His eyes attracted the attention
of every one who saw him. They were
large, luminous and restless.
Sunset Cox, an old m mber.was attracted
to this man ns soon as his eyes fell upon
him. lie asked who re was and said that
this man would make his impress in that
chamber. Mr. Cox was told that this man
who Lnd thus attracted him was a new
member from Mair.e whose name was
Blaine, and Mr. Kam'ail, who knew him
slightly, said: "Me id t native of my own
state, was liorn rear the town of Washing
ton, was educated in tl e co'.Use there, mid
I afterward mot him in Philadelphia, where
he was a teacher. I have heard of him in
Maine, where he is regarded as a man of
Kreat promise and muc i political ability."
Such was the irnpiession which Mr.
Blaine caused when ha first entered the
house of representative ;, and if traditions
are accurate his peron;.lil y was as strong
ly made manifest t 1 is H. 'publican asso
ciates tit once as it w ts to Mr. Cox. lie
was ouly tliirt y-thrra years of aire. As
Randall said, lie had 1 mi ten years before
a teacher in I'hiludelph a, u::d "before that
at n military school in Kentucky.
taken his diploma at v'asl;i-:j;:on college
when barely tuenty-o:i- year s of n.i and
while he was regarded by bis teachers a::d
his mates as bright and smart he bad given
no suggestion of the p-jwers that wen' in
him, so that these early friends bore him i.i
mind while he was in oS.senrity.
His father, Ephri'.irn (j. Blaine, was a man
of rugged force of charn ;tc r. i.i.d from him
Blaine undoubtedly inherited the great
moral courage and polit cal audacity i,iih
have been characteristic of his political ca
reer. From his mother he inherited that
wonderful intuitive capacity which lias en
abled him in momentsof great crises t j act
as though by inspiration. From her lie
also received that highly sensitiveand emo
tional character which I. an been conspicu
ous in bis political life.
Blaine Immigrate Eastward.
Of course Mr. Blaine would have devel
oped wherever he located and in whatever
calling he selected as I. life career, but it
was pure chance which made him the man
from Maine. He met while a teacher in
Kentucky Miss Harriet S tan wood, who was
also a teacher. They vere mutually at
tracted, and just after ho had passed bis
majority they were married. She was a
Maine girl, and she induced her young hus
band to remove to her home and make it
hi abiding place.
Blaine while in Philadelphia hod been at
tracted to journalism, t e has said that he
discovered by pure chance that ha had some
facility with the pen, especially in political
discussion, but it could Lot have been pure
chance. It must have b -en the impulse of
the spirit that was in him. And noting
upon this impulse he became a part pro
prietor of The Journal, n weekly paper
published in Augusta, M . The profits were
not preat, and Mr. Lilain; was if not com
pelled at least willing ta accept employ
ment as associate editor of tha Portland
Advertiser. The editor of that paper had de
tected Blaine's nb-lity ns n political writer
and offered him $1,2)10 a year, a large salary
for that time and place. Blaine was not
slow in discovering his strength and his
value, and at the eud of n year he nsked for
an increase of salary to f 1 500 and for a con
tract covering a period of years.
The proprietor, howcer, felt that lie
could not afford to pay this money, and
Blaine returned to Augusta, determined to
associate politics with li s editorial work.
He revealed extraordinary political capacity
at once, was elected a member of the legis
lature nnel subsequently speaker, becamo
chairman of the committee of his party and
within threo years was acknowledged pre
eminent among the politi.jiuns of his state.
Exactly the same qualities which brought
him those marvelous tributes of respect and
admiration which were i fterward his lot
won for him great victor!. in a state and
community where politic prevail, where
there bos been a good de il of contention,
and where personal rivalry and to some ex
tent jealousy have played their porta as
dangerously as in some other states.
L Even thtwearly Mr. Bla'nejrerralwij-iiait,
a politician and he had unquestionably de
termined to make politics his life business
needed perhaps above other men to be
free from money embarrassments. He
thererore began with great energy a busi
ness career which was brief. He procured
some contracts from the war department
for furnishing supplies to the soldiers, and
while he was aiding the governor of Maine
to the extent of bis ability in recruiting
and equipping soldiers he was also engaged
In a perfectly honorable business of supply
ing the government with raiment for the
army. He did not accumulate mnch, but
ha got enough so that he had a home of his
own in Augusta and a few thousands to his
credit in the bank. He was for a time fas
cinated with business pursuits, and it was
a serious qnestion for some months whether
he should not abandon politics and devote
himself to business.
Those who knew Blaine in later years de
clared that had he entered the field of busi
ness activity ha had the peculiar mental
qualities which would have enabled him tc
stand with the great organizing and con
structive commercial geniuses of his gener
ation. He never cared for money for itself.
He did not have the acquisitive sense. But
he liked power, and he realized at thatearly
day what the power of money is.
Why He Went to Congress.
An emergency arose in the con cress dis
trict in which he lived. A candidate was
to be put in nomination. The temptation
was offered to him; he thought of the mat-
ter over night, and on the next morning
had come to a decision which determined
his career. lie was nominated on the first
ballot and elected w ith but a feeble opposi
tion. Soon after Mr. Blaine was sworn in a
friend called on him at his boarding house
at Washington quite late in the evening.
He found Blaine at his desk, his ruddy
tinted hair 60 near the gas burner that it
seemed as though it must be singed, a copy
of the house rules before him, a volume of
"Cushing's Manual" and h report of prec
edents which had been established by the
rulings of various speakers.
"Ratherdry reading, isn't it, Mr. Blaine?"
said his friend.
"Yes, if you read it offhand; but the man
who masters this," throwing his hand down
upon the pages of the book of rules, "mas !
tors the house of representatives."
It is one of the traditions of Blaine that
he mastered Cushing's parliamentary rules
in one night in his college days, and won a
youthfnl victory in school politics the next
day thereby. And in this chance remark
to a friend he revealed the purpose of polit
ical mastery which had seized him. He was
quiet in the house until he had mastered as
perfectly as the rule of three those meth
ods of procedure which govern it. And
when this was his possession he began to
assert himself. That was exactly what one
young Democratic member was doing, Mr.
Randall, and herein lay in no small degree
the secret of the power which the? tvro
men guined on their respective sides of the
Hlafne'.i Quick Perception
He showed courage, however, once or
twice in I hat first term. He even dared to
confront Thad Stevens, who had ruled his
party in the house w ith autocratic and dog
matic assertion. The gaunt and grizzly Old
Commoner, amazed to rind his authority
disputed by a youngster, tried to brush
Blaine off as an annoying but trivial inci
dent of embarrassment, but ho found his
master. Stevens had introduced a bill pro
viding for military governments in the
Blaine, on the first reading of this bill,
with that intuitive perception which he
possessed in a higher degree than any man
of his day in congress, kiw one fatal error
in the bilk And Garfield used to say that
when he arose to make his protest and de
livered his speech his utterance was that
of a man who had authority and his speech
that of a mind which had reason. Blaine
proposed an amendment by which, in spite
of military government, the people of these
southern states could in time establish for
themselves a republican form of govern
ment again. Stevens chafed and rarjed, and
the frown upon his brow made the flesh
M lis. HLA1NE.
appear liKe corrugatea nages, as Cox once
said, but he could not frown that congress
into defeating the amendment.
in me next congress, to wliicn lilaincwas
elected by practically unanimous vote, Le
felt fully equipped for those struggles
which had the speakership and, beyond
question, the presidency in view. He had '
the f-ame impetuosity in the house, the'
dashing, dramatic manner which charac- I
terized Sheridan in the field, qualities
which, combined with courage and mag
nanimity, are sure to command great popu
larity. These very qualities maiie Blaine reck
less in speech a'- times. He uever practiced
oratory as those who desire to win rhetor
ical reputo do. He wrote few and rehearsed
no speeches. He was a master of good
English, a ready thinker upon his feet,
although he uever spoke excepting upon a
subject with which be was familiar. He
possessed a capacity for invective and sar
casm, and he indulged in it, and thus
there tame about tbo verbal encounter
with Roscoe Conkling, which seems des
tined to be associated by tradition with the
fame of both of them.
Conkling had returned to congress, and
there is little doubt that both he and Blaine
aa soon aa tbey met measured each other
wan the eyes ol nvuin. Conkling Lad wou
arriRgnificent jeput aa an orator, and by
the most arCuotls loTl was cuTOVatlng It
He unquestionably aimed at pre-eminence
in the party, and Blaine felt this intuitively
as soon as his eyes fell upon the man. It
was inevitable that these two should come
into collision, and in the course of some
heated remarks Blaine compared him to a
turkey gobbler. The words were no sooner
uttered than Blaine regretted it, and Le
caused an expression of his regret to be
conveyed to Conkling. Conkling, however,
never mentioned Blaine's name afterward
when he could avoid it, and refused many
tenders of reconciliation.
After Mr. Conkling's death his brother.
Colonel Frederick A. Conkling, informed
the writer of these lines that it was a mis
take to suppose that the reference to a
turkey gobbler had mortally offended
Conkling. The mortal wound was given,
so Colonel Conkling said, by Mr. Blaine
when he caused to be read in the house a
letter from Provost Marshal General Fry
to himself (Blaine) in which direct accusa
tions were made against Mr. Conkling's
pecuniary and official integrity. Conkling
told his brother that when Br. Blaine pub
licly retracted and repudiated these accusa
tions then it would be time to talk of re
conciliation. But the incident was mighty in i,s eon
sequences. It undoubtedly prevented the
nomination of Mr. Blaine in 1878 and 1880
nd contributed to his defeat in 1884. On
the other hand can be traced to it the
causes which ultimately led to Mr. Conk
ling's retirement from the senate in hu
miliation and to his withdrawal forever
from public life.
Mr. Blaine as Speaker.
He made a superb peaker. When he was
first elected he had hardly entered the
prime of life. He was only thirty-nine
years of age. His hair and beard, by an in
herited tendency, were already showing
streaks of gray, but his complexion was
ruddy, his skin as smooth as a babe's, and
the mysterious and splendid fascination of
his eyes seemed constantly to increase with
political activity. Ha stood behind the
speaker's desk a superb specimen of manly
strength. I c was invigorating to those in
the gallery and to those upon the floor to
look at him. I lis eyes seemed to be every
where. He had mastered the confusion of
sounds which prevail In that turbuleut
body, as the head machinist is master of
the distraction of a great foundry or man
ufactory, so that he could detect instantly
that which was relevant and of impor
tance and that which was of no conse
quence. He held that great and noble body as ab
solutely at his command as though it was
a family or a tribe of which he was the
chief. He dispatched business with celerity
which seems incredible. The stroke of his
gavel meant authority, and the house
obeyed it, and no eyes which ever looked
forth from the speaker's desk uponathrong
animated by the most consuming of the
James G., Jr.
FOUR OF MR. BLAINE'S CHILDREN.
Higher passions ever commanded such obe
dience by a glance as his. Therefore he
gained the respect which comes from proper
fear, and even Democrats joined with Re
publicans in saying, "There is a man!" It
was the superb exhibition of these quali
ties which undoubtedly suggested first to
the congressmen of his party, and through
them to vast numbers of the party through
out the country, that here was the man to
succeed in the presidency the hero of the
Blaine himself was an acknowledged can
didate before he had finished his second
term, and he used his power as speaker un
questionably, so far as he honorably could,
to create the politics which command a
presidential nomination. Over in the sen
ate there were certainly three rivals of his
for that nomination, two conspicuous Mr.
Morton and Mr. Conkling and Mr. Blaine
played his game against them and played it
splendidly. At the beginning of Lis third
term as speaker he realized that if his grasp
was not quite upon the presidency his hand
could almost touch the prize.
His Moral Courage.
It is therefore all the more remarkable
that Mr. Blaine was capable of exploiting
as he did in the highest degree both moral
courage and audacity, which mightserious
ly imperil his prospects. His audacity was
displayed when he was brought face to face
with grave charges affecting his integrity ot
character. Accusations were publicly made
that he had received as a price for his influ
ence certain securities from a railway seek
ing congressional aid. The proof of these
accusations were said to be in the posses
sion of a certain clerk named Mulligan
and in the shape of letters. The friends of
Mr. Blaine looked very solemn in these
days, and he was himself most anxious.
One morning when this block cloud was
hanging over him and his friends he arose
to a question cf personal privilege. There
had been a bint of his intention. The great
galleries were packed. Every seat upon the
floor was taken, and senators had come from
their chamber that they might see and hear
Blaine in this hour of Lis desperation and
periL For every discomfort which this
throng suffered they were amply repaid.
The scene which took place has been almost
uuequaled ill parliamentary annals. Blaine
stood there magnificent in his defiance.
He held aloft the bundle of incriminating
letters, of itself a dramatic picture and ait
nation worthy of the greatest dramatists,
and he declared with some sense of humil
iation and personal outrage that he would
himself read these letters to the bouse, that
its members might see what those accusa
Blaine was never more superb. He con
quered that house by Lis very magnificence
of resistance. He held himself at bay so
that men cheered and the galleries resound
ed to the echo with the applause of this
spectacle. He read the letters through, and
then, with dramatic power which, if it were
acting, was a finer exhibition of the dra
matic gift than the greatest actors have
ever shown, he pointed the finger of scorn
and accusation at a certain member of the
house and accused bim cf withholding a
telegram which would have proved Li in
nocence. Coz. tinned on Tiisi page.
15 FAR SUPERIOR TOANYOTHi:!? !MT'- MAKT
'ANP 13 MADE. ONLY BY
J. B. ZIMMER,
THE' WELL KNOWN
and Leader in Styles and workmanship, has rec-ivtd
FALL STOCK ox Suiticgs and Overcoa'ings.
3 Uail and leave yonr order.
SraB Block Opposite Harper House:
fry our brand of SMOKED MEATS.
H. Treman & Sons,
All telephone orders promptly filled. Telephone Ne. 1103. 1 1700 Third Aye.
First-class Hotel and Restaurant, Market Square,
back of Thomas' drugstore.
LUNCH COUNTER IN CONNECTION.
"Good Rooms by day or night.
WM. GLASS, Proprietor.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
BOOTS AND SHOES
Qsnt's Fine Rhoea a specialty. R-nlrinf done Beau and promptly.
A share sf roar patronage respectfully scacited.
1618 Second Areau. Rock IsUnd. ID.
ALWAYS THE CHEAPEST.
Save money by buying yonr Crockery, Glassware. Cut
lery, Tinware, Woodware, and Brashes, at the Old and
Reliable 5 and 10 Cents Store.
MRS. C. MITSCH'S. 1314 ThlfJ
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor etnd Builder,
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St. . . T?rU 'Tclpfl'
ad BoTenth Avenue, J XvOCk 15li'1
waii sands of carpenter work a edaJty.
CONTRACTORS and BUJ LdERS
All Kinds ol Carpenter Work v
General Jobbing done on abort notice and sabs; act
OSm mai Shorn 7S1 Twelfth Street.
AM IE LP
TO USE NO OTHER
SOAP rOl !..!jr;y
writ-, ANP KCU-H0L:;
PROTECT YOUR EYES
MR. H HIRRPtinr-nTT"
The well-known Op ician of us . ni,L
(N. E. cor. Titan Olive). St iW. ,
arpointedT. H.Thoma,8f aw f V?
cekbra'eo Dlamrnd Spectacle nl V?
glasses, atid also for U i,iano,.J !g
Changeable Spectacl.e and Etc
The glasses are the ere.truS
ever made in spectacles. H, , TL3"
construction of tne Lets a ptrsoi'
chasing a pair of these Son-oWni,"'
Ulas-es never ha? to chant e thee "tW
from the eyes, snd every i a r L-tnzZ.
Is guaranteed, so that if they ever "Tl'
the eyer (no mailer how or scratrheJii.
Lenses are) they will fnrnh ise
with a new i.air of t laee f rte of c' k!
T H. THOMAS bass fu
and inviu-s all to saiijfv iben'.JS
of the great snperioritj of there r. ..Z
over any and ell others now iB n'tu.
and examine the same at T.H. raoo?
druirgist and optician. Hoc- Ila,nd
No Peddlers Supplied.
pins and estimates for all kinds of fcn!14ii'