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T11E AliGUS, FRIDAI, I'EBltUAJLtY 10, 1893
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U". S. Gov't Report
OUR FLAG IS THERE
It Floats Over the Capital
STEVENS MAKES A COUP D'ETAT,
lAad at the Request of tho Provisional
OoTtramrst Declares Tour Unele 8am
Protector of the Island The American
Flaa; Railed Oyer the Government Build
ings What Secretary Foster Says of the
Mew Aotl-Annexers En Route to Wash
ington The Annexers Reply to Colburn
"Washington, Feb. 10. The important
sews was lweived from San Francisco
yesterday that United States Minister
Steven, at the request of the Hawaiian
provisional government, had issued a pro
clamation declaring a United States pro
tectorate over the Sandwich islands and
raised the United States flag over the
buildings held by the revolutionary rulers.
The Hawaiian flag still floats at one point
In Honolulu called the "Yard." The provi
sional covernment Iibs formulated an oath
of allegiance to the new rulers which has
been taken by many. The Boston's crew
's on guard in the city and the revolution
ary "army" bus been increased. This news
was brought by the steamship Australia
and is undoubtedly correct.
Tarpose of the Protectorate.
Minister Stevens says in his proclama
tion that the protectorate is only for the
purpose of protecting life and property and
will not interfere with the present gov
ernment. This government has pro
claimed a sort of martial law and natives
are not allowed t broad after night with
out passess. They have prohibited the
purchase of arms by any one except the
government, and declared any act against
themselves treason, with the object of pre
venting any act in favor of the queen.
The British consul has recognised the gov
ernment as de facto until he receives in
structions from home.
Drowning of M 1m Stevens.
A sad accident occurred on Jan. 31, the
day before the protectorate was declared.
Miss Stevens, daughter of the United States
minister, was drowned while being trans
ferred from shore to a steamer at one of tli
islands. The rope by which the transfer
was made broke, and she was dashed on
the rocks. As natives were employed in
pulling the chair along all particulars were
hushed up for fear her death might be con
strued as an act of revenge ou the minister
for his part in the revolution.
Stevens Reports to Foster.
Late last night Secretary of State Foster
received the following dispatch from Min
ister Stevens, dated Honolulu, Feb. 1, via
San Francisco, Feb. 9, lb03:
"Provisional government of Hawaii gain
ing power and respect Everything is
quiet. Annexation sentiment is increasing.
l)ead monarchy and opposition to annexa
tion is supported chiefly by lottery and
opium ring. Today at 8 a. rh. n accord
ance with the request of the provisional
government Of Hawaii, I have placed gov
ernment of Hawaii under United States
protection during negotiations not inter
fering with the execution of public affairs.
Dispatches by mail with full details.
Acted Without Instructions.
Speaking of the dispatch and the devel
opments of the day in the Hawaiian situa
tion Secretary Foster said that the action
of Minister Stevens in declaring the Ha
waiian islands under the protectorate of
the United States was taken without in
structions from the department of state.
In fact, the movement for the change of
government was unexpected, and had not
ieen anticipated by instructions from
Washington. Stevens had, therefore, been
compelled to act independently and upon
qls best judgment as the emergency had
JustlfieattoaV for Recent Events.
The only instructions given by the depart
ment was the telegram of the 2bth alt., al
ready published, approving Stevens' recog
nition of the provisional government. He
had been further instructed to protect
American citizens and property. Secretary
Foster stated that American citizens were
the owners of at least three-fourths of the
entire real and personal property of the
Islands, and they were more Interested than
all other residents in the preservation of
peace and good government.
STATEMENT BY THE ANNEXERS.
They Reply to the Letter of Ez-Mlnister
Lorriu A. Thurston, with the consent
and approval of his associate commission
ers, has made a statement in reply to the
letter from J. F. Colburn, ex-minister of
the interior of the Hawaiian cabinet.
Thurston says: "It has been claimed by
and on behalf of the queen that the late
Hawaiian government yieldedto the force
of the United States when they surren.
rendered to the Hawaiian provisional gov
ernment, and the climax has been ampli
fied by some of the papers into a charge
that the whole movement was a precon
ceived conspiracy in favor of annexation.
The uprising of citizens which finally re
sulted in the establishment of the provis
ional government took place at the express
request of the cabinet, of which Mr. Col
burn was a member."
Reply to Two Important Questions.
The reply further states that when the
trouble began the American minister was
absent on a cruise and could not have been
a party to any conspiracy; for if he had he
would have been on the ground. Two
other questions to be considered are, was
the American landing of troops justified?
and after they had landed did they act
against the queen's government or inter
fere in local affairs? To these the docu
ment replies that there was abundant
tr' Justification, and there was no interference
with the queen oy u uniieu omua lurces.
' As to justification the annexers say that a
light was hnminsni uejweeame iuui
forces and the party which bad determined
American rorcea Asked For.
At the request of many American citi
eens the revolutionary committee "asked
assistance for the protection of life and
property, "and it 'vas in response to the re
quest that the t roops were landed. The
troops were kept at. the American con
sulate and on the grounds of an American
citizen. The American minister did not
recognize the provisional government until
the queen had abdicated and the native
forces had surren' led to the said provision
Dissension Among the Annexers.
One paragraph was telegraphed yesterday
from San r rancii-co which excited the in
terest of Mr. Kinney, of Salt Lake, who is
counsel to the ananxers. It was to the ef
fect that "There have been indications
of dissension" among the members of the
provisional governing body. "This," said
Kinney, "betrays Che greatest danger which
now threatens th government. The mem
bers of the council are men who have been
slothed with authority without any previ
ous experience ic the exercise of it, and
without the restraining force of a protec
torate they would inevitably have divided
into factions and vorked at cross-purposes."
How the Statesmen Talk.
The news of the action of Minister Ste
vens became a subject of general comment
in the house after the excitement of the sil
ver vote had diet! away. It met with the
approval of the Republican side of the
house and with a mixed reception on the
Democratic side, ihe prevailing sentiment
on that side, however, being one of an
tagonism to a committal of this govern
ment to annexation or to a protectorate or
to the committal of congress by the execu
tive branch of the government. There were
some members who sharply criticized Min
ister Stevens and thought his conduct un
warranted. Friends of the Queen Coming.
The annexers are to have personal oppo
sition at the capit.kl. The Australia,which
arrived yesterday at San Francisco, had
among her pass-ngers Paul Neumann,
the deposed queen's attorney, and Prince
Kawananakow, nephew of the queen,
who are probably by this time en route
to this city to lay the queen's case before
Secretary Foster. They could not come
earlier as no one in sympathy with the
queen was penni :ted on the vessel char
tered by the annexers, and the Australia
was the first ship i hey could take passage
on. In the seme vessel came E. J. Bush,
a native Hawaiian of great prominence,
and editor of two papers. He had advo
cated annexation, but is not with the pres
ent annexers in their movement.
How the Natives Feel.
He said that he bad been obliged to sus
pend the issue of the papers by the arbi
trary action of his provisional government.
As to the natives lie and others who came
on the Australia said that annexation
would be best for all. The only damage
the natives would sustain "would be their
wounded feelings, which loyalty to their
native government, their home and their
natural love for their ancestry, would
prompt them to consider it an invasion of
FATAL SPOT ON THE COAST.
Frightful Sacrifice of Life in an
FORTY-FOUR OF THEINMATCS LOST
HOW ARE THE MIGHTY FALLEN
Housed in a Wooden Fire
Greedy Flames Revel
Feast of Victims.
Fire Apparatus Too Far Away To Be In
Time to Help One Child Among the
Unfortunates Only Four of the Inmate
Escape Alive A Woman Makes Her Way
to the Yard Only to Burn to Death There
Hotel Fire with Loss or Life In Iowa.
Dover, N. H., Feb. 10. The county in
sane asylum, four miles from here, was
burned last night and forty-four lives were
lost. When Watchman William Chevey
made his It' o'clock trip into the insane,
asylum he found the fire coming out of the
cell occhpied by A. Lafamitain, a woman,
and gave the alarm. William Driscoll, the
keeper, with his family, lived in the build
ing, and he at once broke the locks off the
fifty-four cells and tried to get the inmates
out. Then he got his wife ,and two chil
dren, neither of whom was dressed,. Of
the forty-eight inmates only four escaped.
They are William Twombly, Rose Sander
son, William Davey, and Frank Denshon.
The latter walked two miles in a blinding
snowstorm, with only his shirt on, to
William Home's house, where he was
taken care of.
Awful Roll of the Cremated.
Following is a list of those burned to
death: Robert Dione, Mrs. Mary Lavin, of
Salmon Falls; Sarah McClintoek. Lizzie
Kllis, Fannie Slattery, Maggie White,
Frank Rowe, Addie Otis, Charles Libby,
William Filles. Owen Malley, Mrs. Rob
erts, an 8-year-old child, and M:try Foun
tain, of Great Falls; Ann McDermott, Sa
rah Hutchinson, Catherine Haley. Kate
Puffea, Frank Sprigging, Mrs.
Mary McClintoek, Harry Kimball,
Caroline Rait, Julia Keil, Mrs. Ann Roth
well, Mary Cogley, Mary Malnney and
Michael Casey, of Dover; Lenia Ellis, Frauk
Page. Mary Nutter, Sarah Sweet and
Frank Nutter, of Rochester: Marv Twin-
dall, of Milton Milfs; Ann Carr, of Rollins-
ford; Lewter Jones, of Farmington; Will-
am TwomMy, of Barrington; Elizabe.h
Pickering, of Gonic; Mary Wilson, of Ie;
llhaiu Chesley, of Durham, and five
others whose Dames could not be remem
bered by the keeper and his books were
burned in the building.
Escaped to Die in the Tard.
The building was of wood, 135x36 feet.
two stories high, with a big yard on each
side. It was built twenty years ago aud
had fifty cells. One woman escaped to the
yard, but was burned to death there. The
building cost $15,000. The main building
n which was over 100 of the county poor.
caught fire, but was saved by the heroic ef
forts ol the inmates, who carried nails of
water and extinguished the flames, al
though many were .burned in so doing.
Fire Apparatus No Us.
The Dover fire department was sum
moned, but owing to the distance, the
blinding snowstorm and the icy roads it
took ninety-five minutes for thfe depart
ment to get t here; were too late to be of
service. llie smoking ruins show the
charred bodies still I yinjf on their beds.
How the building caught fire is a mystery.
The Place In Spa n Where the Trinacria
Madrid, Feb. 10. A dispatch from
Corunna states th tt the Anchor line steam,
er Trinacria, wbica was reported Wednes
day as having been lost on Cape Villano,
one or the nortnw.-stly points or tne prov
ince of Galicia, w nt aground at the exact
spot where the British twin crew cruiser
Serpent was lost oi Nov. 10, 1890, when of
the 278 persons on board only three were
saved. The Trinncria has been complete
ly broken up. Hit crew numbered thirty-
seven all told. Seven were saved, but near
ly all of them had sustained more or less
injuries. There were a number of passen
gers on the steamer, mostly women mem
bers of the Missioi of Gibraltar, and sol
diers belonging to the garrison of that
The Beach Sirewn with Bodies.
All the women on board were drowned.
The seven survivors lumped into the sea
and were wash d ashore. They landed al
most naked, their clothing having beei.
torn off in the terrible buffeting they re
ceived while tryini: to reach the shore. The
beach is strewn w ith bodies washed from
the steamer. La: -go quantities of cargo
are also coming athore. A tremendously
heavy sea is still running, which renders
It impossible for small boats to approach
the place where tl e Tnnacria went down,
A dispatch from Corunna states that a
dense fog prevailed at the time of the acci
dent. The fog wai so heavy that the light
on Cape Villano nld not be seen.
THE WHISKY TRUST INQUIRY.
Some Peoria Testimony that Corroborates
DW ar's Story.
PEORIA," Ills., Ftb. 10.-The reopening by
congress of the chi.rges against George J
Gibson, of this city, in the matter of the
Shufeldt distillery conspiracy is creating
intense interest in Peoria. J. B. Greenhut
and others are to appear in Washington
next week and test ify to offset the evident
of Thomas S. DeWar. Among others to
testify will be Joh l Birks, of the wholesale
drug house of Col mm, Birks & Co.. aua
the citv salesmen of the same firm. These
gentlemen are to testify to the sale and de
livery of drugs to i.-be distillery company of
an explosive and inflammatory character,
that will do what De Vt ar and other gov
ernment witnesses claimed for the fluid
said to have been delivered to the gauger
by Gibson at the time of the Shufeldt dis
DeWar Closes His Testimony.
Washington, f eb. 10. DeWar closed
his testimony before the whisky trust in
vestigators yesterc ay. He told nothing cf
importance more tUan there was in his first
day s testimony.
Asa P. Potter, ec-president of the bank
rupt Maverick bark of Boston, has been
found guilty on fi teen counts. The case
will now go to tl e supreme court. i
Kansas City is to have a new beef-dress
ing company, the !?chwartz.cbild & Sulz
berger company of New York, incorpor
ated with a capita: of (5,000,000, having de
cided to locate there.
De Lesseps, the Great French Engineer,
Sent to Prison for Five Years.
Paris, Feb. 10. Expectation that the
sentences of the prisoners in the Panama
trial would be delivered yesterday after
noon brought large croVds to the court of
appeals building. Presiding Jndge Peri
vier gave Ferdinand de Lesseps, the great
and aged engineer, five years in prison, '
and his son the same.
SPRINGER SAYS IT IS TRUE.
That Judge Gresham Will Be Premier la
the New Cabinet.
Dalles, Tex., Feb. 10. A private tele
gram received here last night from Con
gressman Springer, of Illinois, from Wash
ington says: "Judge Walter Q. Gresham,
of Illinois, has been tendered the office of
secretary of state by President Cleveland
and has accepted."
During a little "entertainment" between
a couple of factions, one of North Caro
lina and the other of Tennessee, E. K.
Johnson was killed. His wife then blew
a hole in Tom Hixon big enough to let out
his life and to even up things Jim Cole
blew nearly aH of Mrs. Johnson's head off
There are six Johnson bo s yet living, and
each has a gun.
The casarian operation was performed
in a New York hospital and it is believed
that both mother and child will live.
Heider'a hotel, Cincinnati, burned and
with it four persons Fred Detzel, Albert
Grau, Joseph Maines and a man called
Gottlieb surname unknown.
John F. McCarthy, anti-Paraellite M.
C. for a Tipperary constituency, is dead.
The patent on the Bell telephone expires
March 7 next, but the Bell company owns
about every other patent that has ever been
granted on telephones or improvement
thereof, so that the monopoly may not die
on that date.
Deems, the man who leads the new Kan
sas "religion," is on trial for insanity. He
refused to take any steps in his own de
fense, but a lawyer volunteered to defend
A Social Democrat named Koester, who
called Kaiser Billy a "one-armed fool," has
been arrested in Switzerland at Germany's
request, but it is doubtful if the Swiss gov
ernment will surrender Koester.
Several fire insurance companies have
withdrawn from Boston because of heavy
losses in that city recently.
As a result of charges by the San Fran
cisco Examiner, T. G. Phelps, collector of
customs at that port, has been summoned
to Washington to answer to the charge of
removing customs employes who refused
to contribute to Republican campaign ex
Next week a national convention of the
Universal Order of Telegraphers, a body
composed of commercial operators and dis
tinct from the Order of Railway Telegra
phers, will be held at Pittsburg, beginning
on Tuesday. A general strike during the
World's fair is reported contemplated.
Charles W. Gardner, chief detective of
Dr. Parkhurst's Society for the Prevention
of Crime at New York., has been convicted
A petition for a receiver for the Econo-
mite society has been filed in the Beaver
county, Pa., court. President Duss is ac
cused of irregularities.
The Washington legislature has taken
fifty-six joint ballots for United States
senator without result.
FIRE DISASTER IN iOWA. 1
A Hotel t'irr Henulln in the Death of Two
CestRF.VILI.E, la., Feb. 10. A terrible
disaster occurred here yesterday morning
by the burniug of the Continental hotel.
Two persons were killed. They are: Mrs.
McKee, of Centreville, died of injuries re
ceived from jumping from the third story;
Samuel Lewis, Greely, la., burned to
death. Injured: William Hale, Ottumwa,
traveling man, three ribs broken, thumb
torn off considered critical; M. A. Rob
erts, Ottumwa, attorney, feet burned.
Leaped from the Third Story.
Mrs. McKee, the landlady of the hotel.
leaped out of the third-story window. She
was a very large woman, weighing 250
pounds, and the fall practically fractured
every bone in her body. She had been on
the first floor, but had rushed up to the
third story to alarm the guests, and the
flames cut off her way of escape. She was
picked up unconscious, and died later.
The property loss will be $28,000; insur-
ILLINOIS LEGISLATIVE DOINGS.
The House Decline to Act on an Annexa
Springfield, Ills., Feb. 10. The state
senate yesterday adopted the judiciary
committee's report in favor of the Camp
bell resolution regarding state treasurers
and auditors. A bill creating a superin
tendent of insurance was reported favor
ably, and the bill to appropriate t25,0U0 for
the State Horticultural society, $20,000 for
the Dairymen's association and $5,000 for
the beekeepers to make World's fair ex
hibits was reported unfavorably. The reso
lution to give the widow of Phocion How
ard his place on the payrolls was adopted
A number of new bills were introduced.
Going Slow on Annexation.
In tne house a communication was re
ceived from the Indiana legislature asking
action on a resolution in favor of a new
cabinet officer to be known as secretary of
labor; referred. ' A resolution was adopted
tenderiug the hall to the G. A. It. March
16 and 17. The federal relatious commit
tee reported favorably resolutions direct
ing Illinois congressmen to lavor the an
nexation of the Hawaiian islands. Mer-
ritt, of Sangamon, was opposed to hasty ac
tiou.und Johnson.of Whiteside thought we
had enough territory, and moved to recom
mit, which was carried 75 to 63. Some
bills were introduced and the house ad
Fatal Panto nt a Restaurant.
BERLIN, eb. 10. An alarm of fire at
tended with tragio restiits occurred in Leip-
sig Wednesday night. Scaeffier restaurant
one of the principal in the city, was thronged
with people about midnight. Suddenly
come one cried "lire." A wild panic pre
vailed and everybody made a rush to get
through the only place of egress, a narrow
passageway. J. bis was soon blocked by
struggling mass of people who prevented
each other from escaping. Those who fell
were immediately closed upon and had the
life ccushed out of them and others were
fatally jammed against the walls. It was
found that six persons had been killed in
the panic and three others seriously ami
perhaps fatally injured.
Horrible Death of a Woman.
Cincinnati, Feb. 10. The dead body of
Mrs. John Jones, the wife of a coal dealer
living near St. Joseph station, was found
in a buggy on the lower river road Tuesday
night. The body lay half out of the bug
gy, the long hair of the woman entangled
in the spokes, which had partly torn the
scalp from her head. The side of the buggy
was covered with blood. Mr. Jones stated
that his wife had left home in the morn
ing to visit her daughter at Cincinnati
She was evideutly on her way home when
Not Doing Any Talking.
Chicago, Feb. 10. A pleasant smile
overspread the features of Judge Gresham
yesterday when a reporter asked him for a
confirmation or denial of the report that
he had been offered and accepted a position
in President-e.ect Cleveland's cabinet. "I
have nothing to say on the subject," he
politely remarked. Urged to dictate even
the briefest statement he again made the
same reply and added: "I am not doing
any talking at the present time."
The many testimonials received daily by
the proprietors of Salvation Oil, empha
sizing its value as a cure for neuralgia
and rheumatism, iurnihh convincing
proof of its great merits. It is par ex
cellence the liniment.
RE TOU IH NEED?
Want a cook
Want a partner
Want a 1'iua'ion
Want to rent rooms
Want a servant girl
Want to sell a farm
Want to sell a hou
Want to exchange an thing
Want te Fell household goods
Want to make any real estate leans
Want to sell or trade tor anything
Want to find cus'omers for anything
USE THESE COLUMNS.
T1HB DAILY AKQU8 DELIVERED AT YOU K
A. floor ever eveninK ior c per woei.
FOR RKNT A COTTAGE HOUSE. 800 TWB5
ty-fourth street. Apply on premises.
LOST LARGE P, CRETBOOK CONTAINING
valoable paers. Suitable reward if left at
Abous office. W . J. Eutrikia.
-ITTANTED FURNISH KD ROOM WITHIN
W five block of postofllne, by young business
man. Address P.O. box 4. city.
INTRi.f.IOENT GENTLEMEN OF LAKGE
I acquaintance wantei! to represent the SAFETY
FOO. Handsome income. Auoreps, wuu rei
erences. Manager, 447 Rookery. Chicago, 111.
WANTBD AGENTS TO FELL OUR CHOICE
and hardy Nursery Stock. We have many
aiuriiil varieties, both in fruits a-c ornamentals.
tn offer, which are controlled only by us. We
Dav commi-eion or salary. Wiite os at once for
terms, and secure choice of territory. Hay
Brothers. Nurserymen. Rochester. N. I.
Driffill A Gleim
-Keeps the finest line of
IN THE CITY.
DRIFFILL & GLEIM
Under Harper House.
314 BRADY STREET,
The Fatx and Winter Goods are now In. DAVEXPOBI
Remember we are showing the largest and rcoet varied
assortment of Domestic and Imfobted goods in the tkw
cities. Suits made to your measure from $ 20 to $10; Trou
sers made to your measure f 5 to f 12.
Never before heard of prices,
At G. O. HUCKSTAEDT'S,
1809 and 1811 Second Avenue.
Sour Mash Whisky
y 1 $2i50.
K0HN & ADLEE, Market Square.
J. m, CHRISTY,
KiiDfiosBEi of mm .urcru
Ak Tour Grocer for Them.
The Christy "Ottb" and Christy
Opera, KEo use SctlooD
GEORGE SCRAFEB, Proprietor.
101 Seceai Arenae, Corner of Sixteenth Street, Opposite Hirper'iThtatre.
The choicest Wine. Liquors. Beer and Cigars always on Htf
Froa Laack Ererj Day
SaadwicheB Fmnlsaol on Saort Notice.
t!7 ANTED A LIVE MAN OR WOMAN IN
? every conntjrwhere we have not already
tared a r preventative to sen our -nevaaa Oli
ver" Solid Metal Knivea, Forks and Spoons to
consumers; a Bolid metal as white as silve; no
filale to wear off; goods (rnaranteed to wear a
ifetime; cost abont one tenth that of silver; ihe
chance of a lifetime ; aeeuts averan -e from $50 to
SlCO per week and meet with ready sales every
where, so great is the demand for oar Bolld
Metal Goods. Over One Million Dollars' worth of
goods In daily nss. -Case of samples free. Ad.
drees Kilverware Co., 131 Sises street, Boston,
CLO AKS and
- HALF PRICE
UW. Second Street. OAVEIPORl.tOWi
n the abrogation of tue monarcny.