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Tlltt AKGUS.TIIUUSDAI, I'EBK; Alit 16, 1893.
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Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest IT. S. Gov't Report
WILL TAKE HAWAII
President Harrison Sends in an
ALLEGED SYNOPSIS OF THE TREATY
The Senate Goea Immediately Into Execu
tive Session and Listens Attentively to
the Document Bontelle In the House
Attacks the Democratic Policy and the
Pension Hill and Has a Colloquy with
Oates Opposition to the Measure by a
New York Democrat Work in Con
gress. Washington-, Feb. 18. The president
sent a message to the senate yesterday aft
ernoon recommending the annexation of
the Hawaiian islands to the United States.
It is accompanied by a treaty of annexation
concluded between the secretary of state
and the Hawaiian commissioners and a
mass of correspondence relating to the
question at issue. The treaty is brief, pro
viding merely for the annexation of the
island under the present provisional gov
ernment and leaving the details of the
permanent form of government, etc., to
the action of congress. The correspondence
is very volumnious, going back many
years, and gives a complete history of the
islands so far as negotiations with the
United States are concerned. Contrary to
general expectations, the senate in execu
tive session declined to make the treaty
public immediately, but decided to first
have the message and document printt-d
for the information of senators. The
papers were accordingly sent down to the
government printing office to be put in
type for confidential use with the proba
bility that the seal of secrecy would be re
Senators Listen Attentively.
The annexation treaty and correspon
dence were received in executive session
with an attention such as no message from
the president has received in recent years.
There was no debate beyond a few ques
tions directed to the chairman of the for
eign relation' committee, but every word
was carefully weighed and tLe message
and treaty met with almost general ap
proval. Alleged Terms of the Treaty;
Little could be got from senators as to
the terms of the treaty, but it is said th:it
it provides for the annexation of the islands
by the Uniunl .States, and the present pro
visional government is authorized to con
tinue its functions until further legislation
by congress can be had on the subject.
Ample provision is made for the di'i-oxcd
queen, who is to receive SJO.lHK) a year for
the royal family. All the property rigl.rs
on the islutids are preserveu, and in the
meantime the laws of the United States
such as are enforced in Alaska will be ob
served. Seems a Good Speculation.
The United States is to assume all the
debts of Hawaii and receive all the reve
nues which are derived therefrom. It is
understood that the debts of Hawaii are
-About f.'l.OOO.CHX), while the receipts from all
sources average about 10,00o,0OO annually
The present form of government of Alaska
is suggested as desirable for the islands,
while a commission such as governs the
District of Columbia is also proposed. The
details are to be determined later.
DEBATE ON THE PENSION BILL.
Bontelle and Oates Lock Horns Over the
Washington, Feb. 16. The debate on
the invalid pension bill was decidedly par
tisan yesterday. Boutelle opened fire by a
"vigorous speech. It had been said that the
Union veterans would be as safe in the
hands of ex-Confederates as they had been
in the hands of the Republican party.
Much as he regretted it, it was his duty to
say that the plain unmistakable record of
congress showed that upon every question
affecting the liberality of the government
in pensioning the men who saved its life
the ex-Confederate members had been al
most uniformly and almost if not quite,
solid against it. And today, almost thirty
years after the last shot of the war had
ceased to reverberate, a political party
which was coming into power on the 4th
of March next, whose headquarters were
south of Mason and Dixon's line, was
hastening to proclaim its policy.
A Policy or Repeal.
The Democratic party was marshaled to
day with not a thought of progress, with
not a proposition for advance, unfurling
the banner of repeal. Today the' Demo
cratic party proclaimed as the policy of
the new administration the repeal of the
ws protecting the liberty of the citizen,
the repeal of laws protecting the purity of
the ballot, the repeal of laws protecting the
great indnstriea of the country, the repeal
Of laws carrying into effect the great duty
of the country to the men who fought in
order that the country might live. That
was the Democratic platform. That was
. the attitude, it. had voluntarily assumed
before the people of the United States. To
day the house was confronted with a prop
osition to strike a serious, demoralizing,
sua ut was intended) a fatal blow at the
pension system of the republic.
Represent a Different TIew.
This was due to the fact that the gentle
men who had served against the govern
ment on the battlefield had assumed the
responsibility of putting on this appropria
tion bill this new legislation, because the
proper committees from which it should
emanate happened to be composed of men
who had a different estimate of the value
it the services of the soldiers of the Union.
This subject, which lay so dear to the hearts
-of the loyal people of the country, was
1 taken out of the hands of the committee
composed of loyal men and had been un
timely thrust Itefore this house by a ma
jority of men who had fought against the
country. " '
j , ,, .. Refers to a Noted Declaration.
Oates said that he had but one moment
to say a word as to the misrepresentation
of the ex-Confederates on the floor of this
house, made by the gentleman from Maine.
The gentleman charge was a general one,
that ex-Confederats had voted against the
pensioning of Ui ion soldiers. The gentle
man had stated 1 hat this was in pursuance
of the declaratioi which had been made
some years ago t hat the Democratic party
would never cea until the last vestige of
war legislation had been wiped from the
statute books. The charge had been made
against Blackburn of Kentucky, when he
was a member of this body the charge
that he had mad i use of that expression.
Blackburn's Repudiation Thereo f.
Bnt that cha-ge had been denied by
Blackburn, And be (Oates) defied the gen
tleman to find such a remark in the Con
Boutelle said ihat he did not remember
who it was that had made the remark.
Oates replied t'lat he did remember the
circumstances alluded to, and he put the
denial of Blackb irn against the charge of
the gentleman from Maine.
Boutelle stated that he had used it only
as illustrating tbe attitude of the Demo
cratic party todi.y.
Oates And it was false.
Boutelle I would not say that.
Farther Defense of Democrats.
Oates, continuing, said that the other
charges of the gentleman were equally un
fortunate and ill founded. The gentleman
had stated that the Democrats had refused
to put General Grant on the retired list
during his last illness. They had done
nothing of the kind. When the bill came
up General Grai.t was not ill. And the
gentleman knew that the opposition was
not opposition to General Grant (whom all
ex-Confederates -id mi red as a soldier), bnt
opposition to the principle of reinstating
any man who hed resigned from the army
in order to take civil position. No gen
tleman could chi.rge him or any other ex
Confederate with opposing a proper pension
to any Union sol lier who was worthy of a
Alleged Remark by Tassett.
Rockwell c.: New York denied that the
Democrats were opposed to the granting of
proper pensions. He referred (as showing
that Republican were not always favora
ble to pensioner) to an alleged interview
between an old pensioner and Fassett, of
New York, in which the latter refused to
use his influence, because the applicant was
a Democrat. Ray of New York inquired
whether his coll iaue had heard the con
versation. Rockwell replied that he had
J Ray Do you believe that Mr. Fassett
ever uttered the remark you attribute to
Rockwell I hr ve no doubt of it. It was
published in his home newspaper, and he
I never denied having made it.
rummincs Opposes the Bill,
dimming? earnestly opposed the pro
. posed legislation, addressing himself prin
' cipally to the amendment withdrawing the
j pension of widows who were not married
within five years after the end of the war.
This legislation 1 e denounced as bull-headed,
brutal ar 1 brutal-hearted. As a Demo-
cract supporting a Democratic administra
tion he declared that the veterans of New
York city would never vote for any man,
from wherever h came, who would vote
to take the widows from th pension rolls,
beams they wr? not married within Eve
years after the close of the war.
PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS.
Synopsis of the IVork of the National Leg.
islators for a Day.
Washington Feb. 16. The senate yes
terday laid over the conference report on
the army appro riation. A resolution was
agreed to that on Feb. 22 the president
pro tern. Man derson should read to
the senatefVVash ington's farewell address.
Tbe sundry civil bill was then taken up and
amendments agreed to giving the widows
of Chief Justice Waite and Justice Miller
the balance of their late husband's salaries.
Quay withdrew his World's fair Sunday
closing amendments, Allison saying it was
a repetition of hist year's legislation and
that legislation had been complied with.
A long discussion ensued on tbe reduction
of an appropriation for the Philadelphia
harbor, and Allison said that expenses
must be kept do-vn. He was still speak
ing when the piesident's Hawaiian mes
sage was brought in and the senate went
into executive session. On opening ue
doors eulogies wre pronounced on the late
1 Representative McDonald, of New Jersey,
iana the senate adjourned.
The Doings In the House.
The house passed bills granting 150 a
month pension to the widow of General
. Doubleday; extending to Council Bluffs,
' la., the benefit of the immediate transpor
tation of dutiable goods act. The resolu
tion alleging favoritism in access to the
state department archives was laid ou the
table and the committee investigating the
charge, at its own request, discharged.
The invalid pension bill came up and
Dingley raised a point of order against the
transfer of the bureau to the war depart
ment. Decision reserved. He raised an
other point against detailing medical ex
aminers in the pension office to do the duty
of examining surgeons of pension. No
Found tlis Wife a Willow.
Mascoutah, Ills., Feb. ltt Thirty years
ago Simon liaye married Miss Elizabeth
Hay ward, the daughter of a St. Clair coun
ty farmer. The couple became estranged
soon after marrii.ge and the husband went
to the war. His wife believed him dead
andmarriedaga.il. After the war Hayes
went west to seek his fortune. He return
ed from Utah a few days ago and found
that his wife ha 1 been married, but her
last husband ha 1 been dead some years.
There was a joyful reunion and another
marriage at Bell -ville.
Paris. Te.s., Poople Feel Hurt.
Paris. Tex., F.ib. 16. A mass meeting of
the citizens of P.iris and Lamar county has
been called to meet at the court house in
this city to give public expression in regard
to the message f Governor Hogg to the
present legislature, denouncing the people
of Paris as inun.trers for burning Henry
Smith on the It t inst. The meeting will
be attended by t le most prominent citizens
of the county.
No man has ev.sr amassed a great fortune
through his own -jfforta alone, save perhaps
musicians, artists, actors or authors. In
I it I J , 1 T . .
maiviauai acmer em tint, even in a financial
water em tin:
Evidence Against the Homestead .
TESTIMONY OP THE NEWSPAPERMEN
Claims Ibat Be Was at the Battle as a
Correspondent His Appeal for Peace
and Commendation of the Coal Oil Work
of a Fire Kng-ine A Gory Minded Riot
er's Objection to Letting the Pinker
tons Go Prosecution Rests.
Pittsburg, Feb. 16. Robert Herbert, a
reporter was the first witness examined
yesterday in the O'Donncll trial. He met
O'Donnell twice during the day in the
vicinity of the riot. Witness understood
O'Donnell was at the battle as a newspaper
correspondent; had known him to act in
that capacity. S. C. Moore city editor of
The Dispatch saw O'Donnell in the mill
yards twice during the day. When ques
tioned as to the probable outcome of the
battle O'Donnell replied: "We'll wiu."
Witness said O'Donnell was correspondent
of the "Tri-State" News bureau. He con
sidered O'Donnell's remark," We'll win," to
refer to the lockont
Kept Posted as to Dead Pinkertons.
H. R. Lay ton, a Chicago reporter, saw
the defendant in the rink about noon of
tbe day of the strike. O'Donnell then
told him that six Pinkertons had been
killed. As the fire engine that had been
used in pumping the oil on the barges
passed the rink O'Donnell said to the w
ness: "That is the best work that engine
ever, did." W. W. Wood, a New Castle
newspaper man, heard O'Donnell make his
speech pleading with the crowd to let the
Pinkertons go. The surrender followed
O'Donnell's speech. Stewart Hill, a steel
inspector, testified that O'Donnell was 100
yards from the river bank while the oil
and dynamit" were being used.
The 'Noted Peace Speech.
Richard Collins, a reporter, heard O'Don
nell's speech to the crowd, in which he ap
pealed to them to let the Pinkertons go.
He said: "We have lost men; so have the
Pinkertons Let's cut the boats loose and
float them down the river. This will put
an end to the bloody work." A man in tbe
crowd shouted: "No, shoot the bloody ;
roast them." O'Donnell replied: "You go
down and do it if you want to, and we will
wait on jou. We have tried this all day."
The crowd then agreed to O'Donnell's prop
osition, and he and several others went
down to the barges and waved a flag to the
men on the barges.
Was Revolution, Not Riot.
The greater part of the afternoon session
of court was taken up in examination of
newspaper reporters who were at the scene
of the riot. - While O'Donned was with the
reporters in the cupola the cannon was
brought into action. O'Donnell said: "Gen
tlemen, this is no longer a riot. It is a
revolution." After the prosecution bad of
fered a picture of the scene and a lettur
written by O'Donnell to the superintendent
of the mill prior to the riot, tbe prosecution
rested and court adjourned for the day.
ENJOYED BY REPUBLICANS.
A Political Game That Was Played on
the Illinois House, I
SPHlKCFIKLlt, Feb. 16. There was a sea-
sou of real enjoyment held by the Kepub- I
licans of the 'louse yesterday. It was based
on a resolution congratulating President-
elect Cleveland on the appointment of '
Judge Gresham as the bead of his political '
family. Of course the object was to get. a '
twist on tbe Democratic members, aud it '
seemed a success. The matter was brought
up in such a manner that a vote practically j
on the resolution was IhuiimI to be had, for j
the mover moved to suspend the rules for
consideration o' tbe resolution. The Dem- ,'
ocrats voted against suspension of the rules, i
with a good ileal of explanation of their j
votes, and deTented the motion t4i to :tt.
N'-heN Lability Kill.
A bill thit is attracting much attention
is Nohe's bi'l w hich repeals the law limit-
ing damage? for each life lost in a railway
accident to f l.ttiM). Tbe railways are fight- I
ing it, naturally, while is friends declare it !
shall pass or they would know why it '
doesn't. Carmody has introduced a copy
of the bill in the house aud yesterday it
was ordered to second reading. In the sen
ate yesterd -y the bill requiring special
charter railways to elect directo.-s from
counties along the lines operated by them
was sent to third reading. A bill was
favorably reported prohibiting collection of
10 cents extra fare when passengers fail to
A Bill for Justices of the Peace.
A bill was introduced in the senate pro
viding that none but a licensed attorney
shall be eligible to tbe office of justice of
the peace and that every justice of the
peace shall receive $400 per annum and 50
cents additional for every case brought be
fore him. The term of office shall be four
years. It shall l unlawful for a justice of
the peace to receive railroad passes or
emolument of any kind under penalty of
forfeiture - of his office and a fine of
not less than f'5 nor more than f 1,AX).
FIFTH MEMBER OF THE CABINET.
Cleveland Makes Hoke Smith Secretary of
LAKEWooD, N. J., Feb. 16. Cleveland
announced the fifth member of his cabinet
last evening. It is that of Hoke Smith, of
Georgia, for secretary of the interior. In
making the announcement Cleveland said:
"I met Mr. Hoke Smith, of Georgia, in my
office in Ntw York today. He called at my
request. I offered him the position of sec
retary of the interior. He accepted. I
wish to say that I have not written or re
ceived any letters or communications from
him, and that today was the first time I
have seen him since election."
Was the Original Cleveland Man.
Hoke Smith is the propri -tor of the At
lanta Journal and is known as the original
Cleveland man in his state. He favt.ed
the nomination of Mr. Cleveland while the
Atlanta Constitution and other influential
newspapers were booming David B. liilL
Smith is not yet 85 years of age, he is a na
tive of North Carolina. He is a lawyer and
is said to have the largest practice of any
lawyer in the state. His fortune is esti
mated at 1300,000. Smith is tall aud
pleasant In appearance with a smooth
shaven face, not unlike the late Henry W.
Grady. He is a good speaker and has a
deep musical voice.
Doesn't Know When lie Will Resign.
Chicago, Feb. 16. "I do not know when
I shall resign," said Jndge Gresham yes
terday, "for the reason that I have a large
amount of business to get through and it
would be utterly impossible for me to fix
any date now. I have many submitted
cases to consider and decisions to prepare,
and I may sit in the court to hear cases. I
have so much work to do that I may not
be able to go to Washington to be present
at the inauguration of Mi. Cleveland. "
Representative Sain Randall's estate
mounted at his death to exactly $789.74
that was assets. But there were liabilities
of tl.192, chiefly doctors' bills.
The Missouri house of representatives
has passed a bill establishing maximum
telephone rates at $50 per year in cities of
over 100,000 inhabitants; $40 between 30,OiX)
nd 100,000 inhabitants, and $30 in all other
Cities of the state.
Mayor Packer, of Leavenworth.Kas., has
ardered the opera house closed on Sunday
hereafter, as well as all pool and billiard
James Knight, a school teacher, disap
peared at Crane Hill, Ala., ten years ago.
His skeleton was fonnd the other day,
showing that his skull had been crushed.
Third Officer James Dakers, of t he steam
ship Hurona, had the bad luck to be
washed overboard during the vessel's last
trip across the Atlantic. But he also had
the extraordinarily good luck to be washed
back on deck by the same wave.
Fire destroyed the Odd Fellows' temple
at Canton, O. Assistant Chief Adam and
Firemen W. Riethie and William Kelley
were seriously injured by falling brick.
Governor McKinley, at a meetingof the
Ohio Republican league at Columbus, O.,
nailed his flag to the protection mast and
stated his belief that the McKinley bill
will not be repealed by the incoming ad
ministration. Sleet has so injured wheat in eastern Illi
nois that not more than one-half a crop is
looked for in that section, some farmers
predicting that not a bushel will be raised
in some sections.
J. V. L. Findlay, of Maryland, it is re
ported, has been appointed United States
representative on the Chilian arbitration
Nearly $70,XK) has been subscribed to
Bishop Phillips Brooks' memorial fund.
Alexander Allen, a Cherokee boy of 15
years, baa been found guilty at Fort Smith,
Ark., of murder in the first degree, with a
recommendation for mercy. He killed, a
white boy of 18.
Lelia Powers, an inmate of a St. Louis
house of ill fame, received a beeutiful val
entine of lace and celluloid, but in the cen
ter of it was a human ear freshly cut from
the head a woman's ear at that.
Archbishop Tache, of Canada Roman
Catholic insists that his church is the
divinely established power to teach truth
and morals and on the necessity for relig
ious instruction in schools, dreading great
ly the conseqence of neutral instruction in
A Philadelphia lawyer stated in court
the other day that he had examined the
statutes from 1756 down and there wasn't
a line in them making it a misdemeanor to
tear down the American flag, or destroy
The gold medal awarded by Postmaster
General Wanamaker to the railway postal
clerk making the best record in the Fifth
division in 18V2, was awarded to J. C. Ed
gerton, of Athens, O.
Doings of Wisconsin Legislators.
MAPISON, Feb. 16. Two reports on the
Rademacher-Prochenow contest from Mil
waukee were presented to the hou-e yes
terday. The Democratic report f.-iwivd
Radeiuacker, Democrat; the lrr:iiii::-Mi
report Prochenow, Republican wl.i. h-'.ds
the seat; laid over. The bill clunking
time for elections in the Sixth at .1 :au
judicial districts was passed. l'.i?:s were
introduced: To prohibit the t-igiette; to
make railway fares 2 cents a mile; to name
Pere Marquette for a statue in St.;tiirfry
hall at Washington, and to authorize the
governor to name a commission to iranie
uniform marriage, divorce, and finance
Governor Atgeld at Home.
Spuincfikld, Ills.. Feb. 10. Governor
Altgeld aud Sirs. Altgeld arrived from the
south last night.
The Weather We May Expect.
Washington. Feb. 18. The following are the
weather indications for twenty-four hours
from 8 p. m. yesterday: For Illinois, Indi
ana and Iowa Warmer: generally fair
weather; westerly winds. For Lower Michi
ganLocal snows in northern, fair in southern
IKMtion; wes; rly winds. For Upper Michi
gan Linht snos: northerly winds; colder,
followed by warmer. Fur Wisconsin Gener
ally fair weather: westerly winds; warmer in
The Great Wall of China.
The scenery from the great wall is very
fine. The wail is here a dividing line be
tween the high, rugged hills of China,
which tower above us on the one hand, and
the great sandy plains of Mongolia on the
other, with dim mountain summits beyond
in the distance. Over these barren, rocky
spurs and acclivities, ascending to their
very summits, winding about in irregular
curves and zigzags, its serried battlements
clear cut against the sky on the topmost
ridges, descending iuto dark gullies tc, ap
pear again rising on the other side, the end
less line of massive stone and brick runs on
and on until lost to sight behind the
And so it goes for miles and miles, east
ward to the Pechili gulf and westward,
mostly in two great, rambling lines, along
the border of the Gobi desert and Kan-Soo,
until it ends among the foothills of the Nan
Shan range. However we may regard it,
whether as a grand conception for the de
fence of an empire, as an engineering feat
or merely us a result of the persistent ap
plication of human labor, it is a stupendous
work. No achievement of the present time
compares with it in magnitude. Century.
A Historical Horse Race.
Squire Osbaldestone's undertaking to
ride 200 miles in ten hours, which he ac
complished so successfully on the 5th of
November, 13S1, is one of the most remark
able feats of endurance in the saddle, and
has the merit of freedom from cruelty. The
squire rode his race ou the Newmarket
race course, changing his horse every fourth
mile. Four miles is a safe limit for such a
purpose, as that splendid horseman knew.
Three mile laps could have been covered in
time relatively a little better, but a sound
horse in fair training couid do his four
miles without distress in such time as to
make that distance, with the consequent
reduction in the uu ruber of changes, the
most suitable for the purpose.
Mr. Osbaldestone used sixteen horses for
his task, aud rode standing in his stirrups
like a jockey, while he kept his mount at
best speed from start to finish of its four
mile heat, having quite a "set-to" with his
pacemaker at the end of each. The squire
was a hard man, aud in good training, so
suffered no bad effects from his exertions.
The Best Life Policy.
It's not tbe tontine plan, or endowment rlon, or
ten years' renewable plan. It's not adding ysnr
few dollars to the hundreds of millions that the
insurance companies boast of. It's a better in
vestment than any of these. It is investing s few
dollars In the etatdsrd remedy, the "Golden
Medical Discovery," a core for ronrnmptkm, ia
its early ctages, and all throat and long troubles
I tt x Ti rr mm
All of our warm goods must move out ,
next 30 days. This includes all of 0u ?ep
line of une
In order to make them more lively we hare mark. .v
down to bottom prices. Come earl j before
314 BRADY STREET,
The Fall and Wintee Goods are now In. DAVEKPfj&T
Remember we are showing the largest and rcoet varied
assortment of Domestic and iMroKTED goods in the thi
cities. Suits made to your measure from $20 to $40; Tro.
sers made to your measure $5 to $12.
Sour Mash Whisky
FOURTH AVE., DRUG STORE,
A. J. HILL,
is now open with a full line of New Drugs and Chemicals.
Prescriptions carefully compounded with the purest drugs.
Cor. Fourth ave., and Twenty-third street.
1 04 second atexlt:
Never before heard of prices,
At G. O. HUCKSTAEDT'S,
1809 and 1811 Second Avenue.
KOHN Si ADLEE, Market Square,
kiiutictmb of mm 11. E'-m
Ak Tour Grocer for Them.
The Christy "OTeTiB".nd Cbraty "Vtm
UW. Second Street. DAYENPOftUOWA