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FIUDAY, JUNE 10, 1893.
jOW IS THE TIME
To Buy That New Carpet.
We have the finest line of Brussels, Tapestry, In
grains and Mattings in the three cities.
How about Bedroom Suites and Parlor Suites? We are head
quarters for these goods. We are showing a very fine line of
LACE CURTAINS, also our line of CHENILLE CURTAINS
has never been better, and don't fail to see our
t iniriliv-""'-" m nil
Finest in the world and only $3.00 can be ueed as a quilting frame.
W. S. HOLBROOK,
103. 10 107 E. Second ''tre t. D W-1NP"1T, TA.
Sustain Home Industry
Calling for Rock Island
The Best Beer Made,
On Tap everywhere.
The Rock Island Brewing Company, success
ors to George Wagner's Atlantic Brewery, I.
Huber's City Brewery and Raible & Stengel's
Rock Island Brewery,-as well as Julius Junge's
Bottling Works, has one of the most complete
Brewing establishments including Bottling de
partment in the country. The product is the
very best. Beer is bottled at the brewery and
delivered to any part of the tri-cities, and may
be ordered direct from the head offices on Mo
line avenue by Telephone.
from those that purchased a pair of our
World's Fair Shoes:
We are enjoying the Fair immensely. Your shoes
give us great comfort. We aTe able to walc all day
and not suffer the slightest inconvenieoe. Thev ar
indeepensible to ue.
MORAL Be eure and get a pair befor starting on
a pleasure trip and remember that we i?e special at
PITTING THE FOOT.
Second and Harrison Sts., Davenport.
ilitkf'.l& III V3 ittU:
I Mil )J
n 1 1 8
THF TAII flR
1E03 Second Avenue;
IN BLACK HAWK DAYS.
A. . Hrackett Writes an Interesting
Letter Concerning; Them.
Col. A. H. Brackett has written an
interesting letter to the National
Tribune at Washington, of reminis
cences of the period when Rlack Hawk
reigned in this vicinity. It contains
much of local interest of course, and
is as follows:
Between the Mississippi and the
mouth of the Rock river there is a
tine body of land, where the Sauk In
dians had a village for 150 years be
fore 1832. It was at or near this vil-;
lase that Black Hawk was born in
1767. The houses were made of bark;
were comfortable enough, and near
them were large fields where the red
men raised corn, beans, pumpkins
and squashes. Likewise, not far off,
were the grounas wnere me savages
had their games and foot races, which
were exciting enough, ana at times
the young officers from Fort Arm
strong participated in them.
The fort was built at an early day
in the Indian country, and stood on
an island in the Mississippi river,
about three miles from the Sauk vil
lage. The Indians and the officers of
the fort frequently visited one anoth
er, and there was great inenasnip
As a nation the Indians were called
Sauks and Foxes, and appeared as
one tribe. If they ver had been sep
arate it was years and years ago, and
all traces of it were now lost. This
was one of the most considerable In
dian villages in Illinois, and pos
sessed a great deal of influence.
Remarkable Iteauty of Scenery.
The scenery on the Mississippi at
this place is of remarkable' beauty,
while near the Indian village, on the
bluffs of Rock river, is an eminence
called Black Hawk's Watch Tower,
which overlooks an immense extent
of country. It is said that the chief
frequently spent many days here,
watching" the arrival and departure
of friends and enemies. It was to
him a very important point, and filled
with many memories.
At the age of l.r Black Hawk was
admitted to the rank of a brave, hav
ing wounded an enemy; afterwards
he killed a brave and took part in a
war dance. Before he was 2- his ex
ploits against the Usages made him a
famous warrior. He took part
against the Americans in the war of
lsi:, and was the associate of Col.
McKee, Col. Dixon and Simon Girtv,
doing a groat deal of damage. Upon
his ret n rw. to his home in 116 he did
not at all relish the building of the
fort on Rock Island by the Americans,
thouirh he afterwards liecamc friend
ly, lie was the leader among the
Sauks and Foxes of what was known
as the "British Band," which for a
long time kept up its existence among
the Indians of the west. The young
men did not take kindly to his lead
ership, as they were not slow in dis
covering the growing power of the
Americans. Hejiad been arrested in
1828 for supposed complicity in at
tacking some boats manned by whites
in 18-27. Then, in 1832, while he was
out hunting, he was attacked by some
white men and badly beaten.
In July, 1830. Keokuk and others
of his tribe had sold their lands ly
ing east of the Mississippi to the
whites, and agreed to move west.
This treaty was made at Prairie du
Chien. As soon as Black Hawk heard
of it he was verv angry and refused
to leave his land. Having crossed to
the west side of the Mississippi he
recrossed the river in 1831, and he
and his people took possession of
their old cornfields, then occupied by
the whites. The militia was called
out in May, 1831, and the regulars
brought from St. Louis, and a treaty
was made with Black Hawk and his
branch on the 30th of June. 1831.
In the spring of 1832 hostilities
commenced between Black Hawk and
the whites, and the "Black Hawk
war" followed. In this war the
most notable events were the defeat
of about 201 Illinois troops under
Maj. Stillman. by a band of Sauk In
dians under Black Hawk, at a place
about 50 miles from Dixon, on Rock
river, on the 14th of May; the attack
on Tickatonica, where the Indians
were defeated by the whites under
Col. Henry Dodge, June 15 the two
skirmishes near Kellogg's Grove,
June 16, the whites being under Capt.
A. M. Snyder, of the Uttawa volun
teers, the skirmish near Galena June
18; the Indian assault on the post at
Kellogg's Grove, where Maj. John
Dement was in command, on the 24th
of June: the fight at the Blue mounds
Julv 21, where Col. Dodge anil Gen.
Henry led the white troops; the de
fense'of the steamer Warrior, Aug.
21, by Lieut. Kingsbury, and finally
the battle of Bad Axe, near the Mis
sissippi river, Aug. 2, where the 'In
dians were totally defeated, with a
loss of 150 killed "and 40 women and
children taken prisoners.
The Itlack Hawk War.
In this battle Brig.-Gen. Henry
Atkinson was in command, with the
Illinois troops under Brig.-Gens.
Posey, Henry and Alexander, and
the brigade of regulars under Col.
Zachary Taylor, of the First infan
try. There had been wide-spread
alarm through the country, and the
red men had committed many atroc
ities. Shortly after the battle.
Black Hawk was taken prisoner, and
was sent to Jefferson Barracks, in
Missouri. It was some time before
matters assumed their usual peace
The Indians believed the Great
Spirit lived in a cave under Rock
Island, and would live there as loYig
as the red men occupied the country,
but would go away if they went
away. The Indians said they had
seen this spirit themselves, which
had the form and appearance of a
large white swan, lhey 6aw it no
more after hostilities commenced,
and knew the day of Indian rule was
Black Hawk was a good speaker
and was always ready with a speech,
and after he was taken prisoner was
sent to the east, where he was well
received and made many speeches.
He made a speech to Gen. JackBon,
who was at that time president, and
who understood the Indian charac
ter very well. As specimens of In
dian eloquence they have borne value,
but like many other speeches, when
the exciting times which called them
forth have passed away, they do not
have much value. Indian speeches
are said to be made up of short, elo
quent sentences. There is an ab
ruptness about them which is not
always pleasing, though very much
to the point. The red men were in
clined to boast of their own exploits,
on which they placed an undue
value; which is always the case with
individuals living in sparsely popu
lated communities. Their own ex
ploits were to them of the utmost
importance. Reading over old In
dian speeches is not a very profita
ble imployment, nor one which gives
the utmost satisfaction, although at
the time of delivering they may have
been thought very fine.
Brig. -Gen. Henry Atkinson, who
conducted the military operations
against Black Hawk, was a native of
North Carolina, and appointed a cap
tain in the 3d infantry on the 1st of
July, 1803. He was made inspector
general, with the rank of colonel, on
the 25th of April, 1813, and colonel
of the 4th infantry a year afterward.
He was transferred to the37th infan
try in 1814, and again transferred to
the 6th infantry iii May, 1815. He
was made a brigadier-general in May,
1820. and colonel and adjutant-general
in June, 1821, which he declined
but was retained as colonel of the
6th infantry with the brevet rank of
brigadier-general. He is spoken of
as a good officer, who had the confi
dence of those under his command,
and had rendered good service in the
war with Great Britain in 1812.
Gen. Atkinson understood the
character of the Indians very well,
and did not allow them to get any ad
vantage. Ho gained great fame for
his method of conducting the cam
paign, and for having brought it to a
successful termination. He exercised
no undue severity; in fact, the whole
of the operations against the Sauks
appear to have .been carried on as
humanely as possible; there was no
unnecessary bloodshed, such as
sometimes "characterizes Indian wars
and little vindieti veness.
Gen. Atkinson died at Jefferson
Barracks, Mo., June 14. 1812, re
spected by all who knew him. He
hail many warm friends, and de
served them, and was an honor to
his profession. He handled the de
tails of this outbreak of the savages
with consummate ability, and may
be classed among the successful mil
itary leaders which our country has
After Black Hawk made his tour
through the eastern states he re
turned and went west of the Missis
sippi river. He was deposed of the
position of head chief of the Sauks
and Foxes, and Keokuk was put in
his place. This always galled the
old man, because he could not un
derstand wherein he was wrong or
had been so. He built a cabin in
Davis county, la., near the banks of
Des Moines "river, where he resided
until his death. At this place he
held a council with the Iowa Indians
in the summer'of 1837. Black Hawk
died Oct. 3, 1838, aged, as near as
could be ascertained, 71 years and
some months. He was buried in the
uniform of a colonel in the U. S.
army, said to have been presented to
him'by a member of President Jack
son's cabinet, with a cap on his head
elaborately ornamented in Indian
style with" feathers. At his left side
was a sword which had been pre
sented to him by Gen. Jackson, and
at his right side were placed two
canes one of them the gift of the
Hon. Henry Clay. His body was af
terward carried off,and destroyed by
fire when the Geological and Histor
ical saciety building, of Burlington,
la., was "consumed in 1855. The
bones were in the building with the
consent of his tribe.
These are the principal facts con
nected with Black Hawk, who was
one of the most remarkable red men
that ever lived. Though not born a
chief, he became" one through the
strength of his own character, and
fought determinedly for what he
thought was right, lit' had the re
spect of the white men who fought
against him. and died, as he had
lived, believing in the rights of his
own band, however much he may
have been mistaken.
The I -adieu.
The pleasant effect and perfect
safety with which ladies may use the
California liquid laxative, Syrup of
Figs, under all conditions, makes it
their favorite remedy. To get the
true and genuine article, look for the
name of the California Fig Syrup
company, printed near the bottom of
I suffered from acute inflammation
in my nose and head for a week at
a time I could not see. I used Ely's
Cream Balm and in a few days I was
cured. It is wonderful how quick it
helped ,me. Mrs. Georgie S. Jndson,
Being a sufferer from chronic
catarrh, and having derived great
benefit from the use of Ely's Cream
Balm I- can highly recommend it
Its sales are far in excess of all other
catarrh remedies. B. Franken,
Druggist, Sigourney, Iowa.
Cold as an
That is what people
'tors, takes so little
solid oak, Bronze
Furniture, Carpets, Curtains, Stoves, Lamps,
Kitchen Furniture, Dinner, Tea and Toilet Sets.
Gas and Gasoline Stoves.
All BtyleB and sizes, the latest improved, easy to operats,
economical, ornamental and always give satisfaction.
NEW DESIGN? LOW PRICES.
Easy Payments No extra charges
CHAS. A. MEOK,
Tl Ll PHOUK 421
25TUpholsieritig of all'kinds to order.
Feathers renovated on short no1 ice.
50 PER CENT OFF.
We have sevci allots of Ladies' fine Oxfords
carried over from last season, mostly in A,
B and C, widths nearly all sizes, and we shall
Cut the price in two. Be sure and
be fitted before they are all gone.
Visit our BARGAIN COUNTERS.
1623 Second Ave., under Rock Island House.
The Furniture establishment of
CLEMAMM & SALZMAMM.
is replete with all the novelties of the sea
son, purchased for cash from the best
known makers in Grand Rapids. They can
not only save you money, but give you new
and choice designs in Parlor and Chamber
Furniture, sideboards, tables, chairs and
lounges. Thanking you for your patronage
they solicit an early call.
1625 and 1527
say who use our RefrigenL
ice to run them, they are
trimmings, dry air and free
Buv where you hase
a large stock to select
1T TI.m flit
iuii u vii'u iiui'iiii
11 U Ii AUQ U11Q1&U
Street, Davenport, Iowa.
124 J 6 and 123