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THE All UJn WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 181K5.
BEIEF AND URGENT
Cleveland's Remarks to the Na
BUT A SUTGLE SUBJECT JDISCUSSED.
Prompt and Unconditional Repeal
the Sherman Act the Only Rec
A Concise Summary of the Objection!
Thereto from the Standpoint or the
White Honse Tariff Reform Nteesaarr,
hot Can Walt on the finance Solution
Hill and Men art Introduce Bills and
Long Iebate Take Flare In the Sen
ate General Comment.
Washington, Au?. 9. A few unimpor
tant business matter occupie 1 the senate
for a short time after assembling, and
then a recess i taken, at the end of
which It was announced that the presi
dent's message wa at hand. It was what
the senate was waiting for and its reading
was immediately begun by Chief Clerk
Johnson. The following is the text:
Washington, Aug. 8 President Cleve
land's message to congress in extra session
was read in both bouses and is as follows:
To tub Congress or tut. I'mted States:
The ex istenee of an alarming and extraordi
nary business situation, involving the welfare
and prosperity of all oar people, has con
strained me to call together in extra session
the people's representatives in con
gress, to the end that through
a wise and patriotic exrrie of
the leirutlatlve duty with which they
solely are rharired. present evils may be miti
(rated and dangers threatening the future may
Our unfortunate financial plight is not the
result of untoward events nor of conditions re
lated to our natural resour.-es: nor is it trace
able to any of the affliction which frequently
check national growth and prosper
ity. With plenteous crops. with abund
ant promise of remunerative produc
tion and manufacture, with unusual
invitation to safe investment and with satis
factory assurance to business enterprise, sud
denly financial distrust and fear have sprung
np on every side. Numerous moneyed institu
tions have suspended because abundant assets
were not immediately available to meet the de
mands of frightened de;sr.tors. Surviving
corporations and individuals are content to
keep in hand the money they are usually anx
ious to loan, and those encagM in legitimate
business are surprised to find that the secr.ritie
they offer for loan, though heretofn-e satis
factory, are no longer accepted. Values sup
posed to be fixed are fast becoming conjectur
al, and loss and failure have invaded every
branch of business.
I believe these things are principally charge
able to congressional legislation touching the
purchase and coinage of silver by the general
government. This legislation is embodied in
statute passed on the 14th ilay of
July. Isau which w as the cnlinination of much
agitation on the subject involved, and which
may be considered a truce, after a long struggle,
between the advocates of free silver coinage
and those intending to he more conservative.
Undoubtedly the monthly purchases by the
government of 4,.Wi.'ju ounces of silver, en
forced under that statute, were regarded by
those interested in silver production as a cer
tain guaranty of its increase in price. The
result, however, has been entirely different, for
immediately following a sjaasmoilic and slight
rise, the price of silver began to fall after the
passage of the act. and has since reached the
lowest point ever known. This disappointing
result has led to renewed and insistent effort
in the direction of free silver coinage. Mean
while, not only are the evil effects of the op
eration of the present law constantly ac
cumulating, but the result to which its execu
tion must inevitably lead is becoming palpable
to all who give the least heed to financial
This law provides that in payment for the
4,SUj.rtsj ounces of silver bullion which the sec
retary of the treasury is commanded to pur
chase monthly there shall )e issued treasury
notes redeemable on demand in gold or silver
coin at the discretion of the secretary of the
treasury, and that said notes may be reissued.
It is. however, declared in the act to be "the
established policy of the. United States to
maintain the two metals on a parity with
each other upon the present legal
ratio or such ratio as may be provided by
law." This declaration so controls the
action of the secretary of the treasury as to
prevent his exerci-ing the discretion nominal
ly vested in him. if by such action the parity
between gold and silver may be disturbed.
Manifestly a refusal by the secretary to pay
these treasury notes in gold, if demanded,
would necessarily result in their discredit and
depreciation as obligations payable only in sil
ver, and would destroy the parity between
the two metals by establishing a discr.najna
tion in favor of gold.
Up to the l'jth day of July. !!. these notes
had been issued in payment of silver bullion
purchases to the amount of more than forty
seven millions of dollars. While all but a very
small quantity of this bullion remains uncoined
and without usefulness in the treasury, many
of the notes given in its purchase have been
paid in gold. This is illustrated by the state
ment that between the 1st day of May. lsti. and
the l"th day of July. Irf'.l, the notes of this kind
issued in payment for silver bullion amounted
to a little more than fifty four millions of dollars,
and that during the same jriod alnt forty
nine millious of dollars were paid by the treat
ory in gold for the redemption of Mich notes
The policy necessarily adopted of paying tlies-
notes in gold has not spared the gul l reserve of
JlWJUu'x long ago set aside by the govern
ment for the redemption of other notes, for
this fund has already lieen subjected to the
payment of new oliliiratimi amounting to
about one hundred and fifty million of dollars
on account of silver purchase, an ! h is a a
consequence, for the tir-t time since its crea
tion, been encroached upon.
We have thus made the depletion of our gold
easy, and have tempted other and more aj
preciative nations to aId it to their s'oc!:.
That the opportunity we have offered lias not
been neglected, is shown by the large amount)
of gold which have been recently drawn from
our treasury and exported to increase the
financial strength of foreign nations. The ex
cess of exiMirts of gold over its imports for
the year ending June .Th, lsicl. amounted to
tnoru than eighty-seven and a, half millions of
dollars. Between the 1st day of July, lot,
ami the l.'.th day of July, lsirif, tnego.d coin
and bullion in our treasury de
creased more than one hundred and thirty
two millions of dollars, while during the sanio
period the silver coin and bullion in the treas
ury increased more than odd hundred and
forty-seven millions of dollars. Unless govern
ment buudsare lo be constantly issued and sold
to replenish our exhausted gold, only to lie
again exhausted, it is apparent that the opera
tion of the silver purchase law now in force
leads in the direction of the entire substitution
of silver for gold iu the government treasury,
and that this must be followed by the payment
Of all government obligations in depreciated
At this stage gold and silver must part com
pany and the government must fuil in its es
tablished policy to maintain the two metals on
parity with each other. Given over to the
exclusive use cf a currency greatly depreciat
ed according to the standard of the commer
cial world, we could no longer claim a place
among nations of the first class, nor could our
government claim a performance of its obliga
tions, so far as such obligation baa been im
posed upon it, to provide tar the use of the peo
ple the best and safest .money., ' If, ' as many
of its friends claim, ' silver ought to
occupy a larger place in. -our currency and the
currency of the world through general inter
national co-operation and agreement. It is obvi
ous that the United States will not be In a posi
tion to gain a bearing in favor of snob an ar
rangement so long as we are willing to eon- ,
tinue our attempt to accomplish the result
The knowledge in business circle among onr
own people that -cr government cannot make
its Bat equivaler t to intrinsic value, nor keep
Inferior money on a parity with superior money
by its own ind "pendent efforts, has resulted
In such a lack of confidence at home, in
the stability of :nrrency valoes that capital
refuses its aid to new enterprises while
millions are act -.ally withdrawn from the
channels of traie and commerce to become
idle and unproductive In the hands of timid
owners. Foreign investors equally alert not
only decliue to i nrchase American securities
but make haste to sacrifice those which they
already l ave. It does not meet the situation
to say that ai.p -ebension in regard to the
future of our nm.nees is gror.ndle-s and that
there is no r-a a for lak of confidence
in the purposes oi jower of the government 'a
the premises Tie very existence of this p
prehension and ack of confidence, howersr
caused, is a mna- e which ought not for a my
mr.t le disreean ei. Possibly, tf the under
taking we t.ve in hand were the main
tenance of r.i:-.c knavn quar.f.rv of
silver at s parity with g)id, our ability to
do so tnigh be -?stimated and gav.d, snd
perhaps ;r viw if our sn; aralirlei growth
and res .urces. miirht b favorably passed upon
But when n-.r avc.-wed endeavor is to tnamta a
such parity In rei:ird to aa amiur.t of tilver
increasing a' the rat-of SVij.'lj yar'.y. w..h
I o fixed t--rm:r.ati n to S'v h imr?a-e. it -an
hsrily be s,i.l t'.iat a prolJem is ;rte:::?1
whose solution is tree fr-jo doubt
Th people of tie United State are entitled
to a sound and st.-.ble currency and to money
recognized as ueh on everv exi hnire and in
every market of the world. Their government i
ha no right to injure them by finau' ia! ex- !
p rimer.ts opposed to the policy" and prac;i.-
ot otner eiyil ted states, nor is it
justified in mitting an exaggerated
and unreasonable reliance on our national
strength and ability to jeopardize the sound
ness of the peop.e s money. This mstter risos
above the plane of oartv r litics. It vitallv
concerns every business and cai.icg and enters !
crj iiousenoiu in iae ianu i nere is
one important aspect o! the subject
which especially should never le
overlooked. At ti nes like the present, when
the ev-.Ls of nnsoun 1 finance threaten us. th
speculator msy am icipate a harvest gathered
from the misfortui e of others, the capitalist
may protect hime f by hoarding or may evec
find profit in the fli ctuation of values; but the
wage-earner the first to be in-ured bv a
depreciated currvr.cy and the lst to receive
the beuent of its orrection -is practically de
fenseicss. He relis for work uion the vent
ures of confident a id contented cspi-nl. This
failing him. his co idition is without allevia
tion, for he can EJiiher prev on the misfort
unes of others, r.ot hoard his labor. One of
the greatest sta esmen our eountrv has
known, speaking n.ore than fiftv years ago
w hen a Jerangeni nt of the currency had
caused commercial distress, said: "The very
man of ail others w ho has the deepest interest
in as. und currency and who suffers most by
mis La-veils iegila ion in m .n. v matters, is
the man who earns hi dailv bread by his dai.y
These words are j rtinent now as on the day
they were uttered, and ought to impressively
remind us that a fs .lure in the discharge of
our duty at tnis tit ie must especially injure
thoseof our ei.nntr'-me-i who lats.r. and wh
ls-au-of ;h -ir i.ui:i'oer n i condition are en
titled to the most w ttchfu care of their gov
ernment. It is of tie utmost importance that
such relief as congr.- can afford in the exist
ing situation be affo-.'ed at once. The maxim,
lie gives twit e wh. gives quickly," is directly
applicable. It may be true that the embar
rassments fmm w.ih the business of the
country is suffering arise as muc h from eviis
apprehended a from those actually
txisting. We day hope, too. that
calm counsels will pievail and that neither the
capitalists nor the wage earners will give way
to unreasoning inii and sacrifice their prop
erty or their mteies- under the influence of ex
aggerated fears. J.'evertheless, every dav's
delay in removing ot e of the plain and prin
cipal causes of the pi esent state of affairs en
larges the mischief already done and increase
the responsibility of the government for its ex
istence. Whatever e!se the people have a right
to expec t from coi gress taev mv certamlv
demand that legislation condemned bv the
ordeal of three ye irV disastrous experience
sha.l lie removed fn m the statute books as
s.in as their representatives can legitimately
deal ith it.
It was my purpose to summon congress in
stiecia! session early n the coming Sei temls-r
that we might enter promptly upon the work
of tariff reform, whi. n the true interests of the
country clearly demi nd -which to large a ma
jority of the people as shown by their suf
frages, desire and e epect. and to the accom
plishment of which everv effort of the present
administration is pie iged. Rr.t whiie tariff re
form has lost nothing of its immediate and
rs-rmanent imjsrtan -e. and mut in the near
uture engage the at e:;iion of congress, it has
seemed to me that The financial condition of
the country should a' once and tefore all other
subject be consi.i -red by your honorable
I earnestly recommend the prompt repeal of
the provisions of the nt passed July 14. 1SSH
authorizing the pnn hase oi silver bullion, and
that othor legislative action mav put tievond
all doubt or mistake the intention and the
ability of the government to fill its pecuniary
obligations in money universally recognized by
ail civilized countr.es
i Signed) Grover Clevelasd.
Executive Mansion, Aug. 7, 1(W3.
There probably never was a message
read that was listened to with closer at
tention by ail the senators, regardless of
their political affiliations, and the silver
men were particularly attentive. The
message was referred to the finance com
mittee at once an 1 the next order of im
portance was reached in the announcement
that bills could nov be introduced.
FINANCE 3 ILLS INTRODUCED.
Stewart Is Trompt with Measures He Be
lieves Wil. Give Heller.
Hill ol New York was the first to intro
duce a bill. It provides for the repeal of
sections 1, 3 and 4 of the Sherman act;
but declares that th :s is not to be consid
ered rs an abandon. nent of bimetallism.
Then Stewart got in two bills, one a free
coinage bill pure an I simple, and the other
directing the secretary of the treasuey to
issue silver cirtificates to the amount of
the surplus silver bullion in tje treasury,
and to use the si rplus of such certifi
cates over the amount needed foranv defi
ciency in the reveuu -s for the purchase of
4 per cent, bonds at their market price,
nut exceeding li per cent, premium. This
he claimed would pi.-e relief to the alleged
luck oo money iti the country.
These bills were all referred to the
finance committee, aaj the Hale spoke in
favor of prompt acti a on then mutter pre-s-nted
in the message, lie declared that
Voorhees had always been "sound" oa the
money question and couid get his com
mittee togec er to-day and report
a resolution repealing the purchase clause
of the Sherman act. This precipitated an
interminable argummt, in which Gorman
took part, and iu he course of which
Voorhees atinouuced that he should not
call his committee together until to-morrow,
and made an attack on the Sherman
act, declaring that nc t a single Democratic
vote in the senate was given on it. Sher
man defended the act, Jind said the Demo
cratic side was responsible for its worst
Vest took a hand Lere and said that the
statement of Sherman that his bill was
passed to prevent th passage of a free
silver bill was an ext -aordinary statement.
Sherman replied thi t "the house bill pro
vided for the monthly purchase of 4,5(0,
000 worth of silver, wbich would now buy
6,500,(iO0 ounces. To defeat that measure,
and also to prevent tl e passage of a free
coinage bill as passed by the senate this
compromise measure waa agreed upon."
Vest That extraordinary statement im
plies that President Harrison would bare
signed a free coinage jill, whereas nothing
Is better known than that It waa Impossi
ble for such a bill tc pass over the presi
dent' veto.- - r. -
To this Sherman retorted that he trusted
the time would never come when congress
would either compel cr induce the presi
dent to save it from the consequences of its
own action. ,(
Teller clostd the dissuasion with a silver
coinage speech, and then Dolph made a set
speech in favor of the repeal of the Sher
man act. After Dc 1. h concluded the senate
What They Did In the House.
In the house, after the message had been
read and the applause, which was general,
hai subsided, the Belknap-Richardson case
was taken up and the claims of the two
contestants presented. Uates wanted the
matter referred to the election committee
when appointed, but a motion to tuat ef
fect was defeated, the Populist voting
with the Democrats. Then Richardson was
seated on the prima facie claim. A motion
was adopted authorizing the speaker to
ppoint on the rule committee the same
number that wa on it in the last congress
and then the house adjourned, out of
tespect to the memory of Ive"'r?eu.ativ
Mutchler. until Thursday
THE WAY IT S VIEW;!
Several L otders Der'.me :o Talk Some
Vashingtos. Aug. i The ose$ag2 of
the presideut was the principal event of the
day in this city, and after ;t-wa printed
the question: "What do ysu think of :t''
wjs abjut the only one iskel Many ,-;
the congressmen spake out their opinions
without hesitation, but few offered to
talk, among them Voorhees. chairman of
the senate finance committee, who de
clined positively to be interviewed on the
message; Hill, of New York, did the same,
although he .ater in the day ve some in
dication of what his views are by the in
troduction of ins bill in the senate. Gor
man said ;t was s clear cut statement,
which leaves the Maryland statesman's
views on the real issue as nicely covered
up as ever '-'ockrell was not sure he un
derstoDd it. and declined to talk.
Chandler of New Hampshire indorsed
the silver part of the message, but de
clared that the paragraph about the tariff
would do more to unsettle business than
the balance of the message to improve it.
This was the opinion of Allison and "Joe"
Cannon also. Allison said: "It is a very
fair message He states truly that the
Sherman act was a compromise between
the free silver men and those who opposed
Bourke Cockran said: "Admirable,
most admirable. Ever, the silver men
must admit that it is the most perfect pre
sentation of the question that could be
Uynnm said: "The messai;j is very
straightforward. The president makes
no attempt to straddle the issue. The
country will understand it." Harter of
Ohio said: "The message of Mr. Cleve
land is strong, clear and conclusive; that
congress should lose no time in carrying
out his recommendations is patent."
Springer of Illinois, chairman cf the com
mittee of ways and means :n the last
house, said; "The president has very ab'y
and tersely stated the present financial sit
uation ani his message will command the
earnest and careful consideration of con
gress and of the whole country. The duty
of congress is made clear and there can be
no doubt tbat the representatives of the
teople and the states will at once carry
out and crystallize the president's recom
mendations." Hohr.an was cautious and sai l it was a
vigorous, etc., expression cf the "presi
dent's" views. McMillin of Tennessee ap
proved if; so did Cummings of New York,
who said it was a gold message. Quay ap
proved it, Hawley also, and Lod.ije, Mc
pherson, and in fact all who are on record
as Bsiainst "cheap" silver money, while
men who are supposed to lean on the sil
ver side, like Voorhees, Harris and others,
Then the silver men were interviewed,
and Bland said: "As nearly as I tou'.d
make out it was a plea fors ngle gold
standard because England ma::it ins it.
If England would coin silver probably thU
country would do so. We secir. to have
lost the spirit of 1776."
Simpson, of Kansas, said: "It Is the
weakest message ever presented to the
country. Weak as dishwater does not ex
press it. The president's reference to the
labor question is the veriest rot " Bryan,
Neb.: "It very forcibly represents . the
opinions of those who believe in the un
conditional repeal of the Sherman act, and
of course could not be expected to set
forth the sentiments of those who oppose
Senator Jones said: "I thick, the mes
sage is utterly illogical an 1 does not an
alyze the situation at all. The Sherman
law has nothing to do with the present
condition of arlairs."
Teller said: "The eimpie assertion
of the president that the pres
ent financial -onditioa is due to the
Sherman law does not make it so. His
premise is wrong, and his conclusions nec
essarily fn!': to the ground:" and IVffer:
"The banker will regard tt as perfection,
the larmer aiid workman see in it a fur
ther reduction in theproduc of their farm
and their labor."
Ex-Speaker Heed in a letter to the New
York Press, siys that the removal of the
Sherman act will not accomplish what
Cleveland cia:nis. that there are other
causes at work to produce lack of confi
dence, plainly intimating that the threat
of tarii reform r gre.-it factor in the
present s.tii tl.oti
IN THE ARGENTIFEROUS WEST.
Denver". Hopes Kireite a Death Itlow in
Denvei:, Aug. a The full text of Presi
dent Cleveland's message was awaited
with arxiety in Colorado and particularly
in Denver. There had undoubtedly been
a vague hope that Cleveland had to some
extent at least, tiliated his hostility to
wards silver, but the universal impression
upon a careful reading of the message was
that the chief executive had not altered
his view one iota. There was a general
feeliug of resentment towards the man
who is so generally held responsible iu a
large measure for the prevailing distress
throughout the country, and a proposition
to burn the president in. effigy was freely
Kansas City Opinion.
Kansas City. Mo., Aug. B.-The Times,
being only Anti-silver newspaper in
the southwest, is delighted with the presi
dent's message. The Star (Ind.) says con
ress should legislate on the terms of the
message, and do it promptly. The Journal
(Rep.) says, practically: "I told you so,"
with reference to where Cleveland stands
on the questictu. The Journal is a binja
tallist paper. The editor of the Rocky
Mountain News, radical silver, says the
message puts the president in the gold
The Indianapolis Impression.
Indianapolis. Aug. 0 The president's
mess tge created a very favorable impres
sion in business circles here and the nope
is universal that congress will promptly
follow his advice in repealing the alije
purchase clause. The message waa not
commented upon by the afternoon news
paper. The morning Sentinel (Demo
cratic) compliments the message and fully
endorses it. The Journal (Republican)
Says that most Republicans will agree
with the silver part of the message, but
thinks that the tariff part will not help
It I A It Always Was.
Chicago. Aug. 9. Interviews with a
number of prominent men in this city
show a general agreement that Cleve
land's views on the silver question are cor
rect. Telegrams from all parts ot the
country show that Democrats and Repub
licans who are opposed to free coinage
approve the message, while those who fa
vor the 16 to 1 idea disapprove.
Was Very Pretty but Untrue.
Washington. Aug. 9. -The report that
Bourke Cockran has been selected by
Cleveland as his spokesman in the silver
fight is believed to be incorrect. Also,
Bynum says that if he is to assist Cockran
he has not heard of it.
The Fort Pitt tanneries and the offices
and warehouse of the Consolidated Wire
company at Rankin Station, Pa., burned,
causing a loss of 6li"i,X).
Fred A Hoffman jumped from the roof
L of his uncle's house. No. S Granville street.
i'lttsourg, and d-.ivl almost instantly. He
bad just left an insvje a-ylurn supposed
Ia order to meet the demand for bank
notes the burea of engraving at Wash
ington will work overtime.
John A. Siott, an American who man
ages a sugar plantation in Hawaii, says
that annexatio-i is the final destiny of the
islands, but that a popular vote now would
be largely agaitist that policy.
Col. A. H. Tyson, of Gov. Pattison's
staff and appointed engineer of the Penn
ylv i nia forestry commission recently on
Secretary Harrity's recommendation, is
now under arrest at Harrity's instance
charged w.th obtaining money under false
A report from New York says that Presi
dent Cleveland has practically decided to
nominate William B. Horublower, of that
city, to fill the vacancy in the United su
preme court caused by the death of Judge
Dr, Herman Mynter, of Buffalo, believes
that he has Sophocles' skull. It was dug
up near Dekelsia, Greece, by the doctor's
brother, who is general director of the
royal possessions of Greece.
A reward of ?7X) has been offered for the
arrest of the persons who nearly killed E.
B. Chapin at ChampaLrn, III., Aug. 2. The
reward is offered by the Champaign Print
ing company and by the city of Cham
paign. The probable average yield of wheat in
Illinois this year is estimated at thirteen
bushels an acre, and of corn thirty bushels
to the acre.
A monster golden eag'e attempted to
carry off Joseph Maynes, near Toledo.
The bird had lifted Mayncs, who weighs
IjI pounds, from his f.ct three times,
when a companion came to his assistance
and the eagle was captured.
C. M. Wright & Co.. bankers at Alta
mont. Ills., have suspended and the cash
ier, Levi Butler, has disappeared, leaving
a letter saving that he has taken cl 1,000 of
the firm's cah.
Case block at Three Rivers, Mich., was
partially destroyed by tire. Ixisses aggre
A delegation representing eight western
counties of Kansas met with the execu
tive council at Topeka for a con ference in
regard to procuring seed wheat to be used
To Improve Onr Consular Sen ice.
The consular service should be made
more homogeneous. As at present consti
tuted there is no general supervision over
the different consulates in the several
countries. They should all be made sub
servient to the consul general, or, even bet
ter, as in the English fcervice, to the minis
ter accredited to the country in which they
are located. As it is, some consuls report
to the legation, some to the consul general
and others direct to. the department of
state. It is recognized that this custom
arose partly to procure quicker mail facili
ties, but in many instances postal service
has been improved lately, and the cable
and telegraph can be used for emergencies.
. The consuls general could be dispensed
with, or if retained should pay annual
visits to t hedifferent posts in their'districts,
a duty at present only permitted in some
countries once a year and Ly special permis
sion on application to the department. A
novel feature might be substituted to in
crease the efficiency of the consular service
in the institution of several superintend
ents, whose duty it would lie to visit the
various consulates and inform the depart
ment in relation to their true state, such as
the proper location of the office, the state
of the records, the correctness of accounts,
as well as to ferret out abuses and inquire
into any charge of misconduct, all of which
cau only be done by personal inspection.
Owing to their remoteness consuls are less
under the eye of the appointing power and
t he espionage of the public press than any
class of public officials. North American
A Collector of I uiTorius.
In Buda-Pesth lives an old tailor whose
business it is to mend uniforms. His great
wish when he was young was to serve in
the army, but he is so diminutive in size
that he was refused. To get over his dis
appointment he became an army tailor
and began to collect military relics, of
which his littie house is so full that there
is scarcely any room left for himself and
his small wife. Archduke Eugen discov
ered him some time ago and told the uged
Field Marshal Archduke Albrccht about
him. When he went to Buda-Pesth on Sat
urday, the two archdukes visited the tiny
tailor together and made him tell his
story and show his treasures. It was the
happiest day of his life, and Archduke
Eugen's order of a uniform delighted him
hardly less than the Archduke Albrecht'a
sending him his photograph and a purse of
gold. Vienna Cor. London News.
A Brilliant feetort.
After dinner speaking is an art, and, like
many other arts, its excellence has much to
do with the mood of the artist. Some of
the best of onr after dinner speakers some
times fail, but it is not often that failure
results in the enrichment of the world's
store of epigram, as it did in the case of
Lord Erskine many yean ago.
When Lord Erskine waa made a member
of that highly honorable body, the Fish
monger's Company of London, he made aa
after dinner speech on the occasion of his
first appearance among tema a member.
Upon his return he said to a friend;
"I spoke ill today and stammered and
hesitated in the opening."
"Ton certainly floundered," was the re
ply, "bat I thought 70a did so in compli
ment to the fishmongera." Harper's Ba-
STORY OF THE "SIBLEY SCOUT" AND
ITS NARROW ESCAPE.
An Kiel ting Chase of the Disastrous Cos
ter Campaign A liecital of the Retreat
and Pursuit by the Hero of the Affair.
Day Without Foot.
The "Sibley scout" is famous nmonc In
dian fighters as being one of the narrowest
escapes from savage now oa record. The
hero of that hazardous encounter with the
dreaded Sioux passed the winter in com
pany with liis writer and favored him with
a sketch of that memorable action of a
liandf i:1 of t roopers away up in the Big Horn
mountains, far from the main command.
It was in 1s7". at the time of Custer's mas
sacre, when Y. Y. Sibley of General Crook's
column, then a youni lieutenant, was or
dered out with li) mounted men to" look
about the country and see what was going
ou. Frank Grouard, a half breed, and one
of the liest scouts living, accompanied Sil
ley. The young officer was fresh from
West Point and rather inexperienced jn
frontier warfare, so cautious General Crook
bade him hoed the scout's advice should
emergency arise, and off the troopers start
ed almost at the very hour when Custer,
100 miles or so away, was being cut to pieces
by the cutthroats of Sitting Bull.
The scouting party was ignorant of this,
however, and traveled for two days with
out incident. As they neared the moun
tains, Grouard, who always traveled ahead
of the soldiers, suddenly signaled to halt.
Indian signs were seen. From an eminence
commanding a vast area of rolling coun
try little specks could be seen here and
there. The glass proved that each speck
was a squad of several Sioux in war cos
tume. The specks began to concentrate.
They moved toward the trail made by the
troopers, but without discovering it for a
long time. The Indians were ignorant of
the presence of soldiers. After holding a
powwow one of the savages rode toward
the telltale trail. By chance lie discovered
it and returned to his comrades, waving
his blanket and gesticulating.
It tnen seeuieu lo the young cavalry of
ficer as if Indians sprang from the earth in
all directions to set what had been discov
ered. There wire swarms of them. But
happily they were miles .war. Theu 1m
gan the race for life. T'i.e mountains of
fered t lie only ref;i"--. Up and up scram
bles! 4 he horses. 1 n came the Indian.
They were s-en ccasio:ri'.ly nlons canvons
in the rear. The bind had divided and
was trying to head off t he soldiers and sur
round them. Suddenly, as the soldiers as
cended the side of a gulch and gained a
small plateau, a party of redskins sprang
at them, firing their rifles and veiling.
"The men scattered like shet-p." savs
Captain Sibley, "and I confess that for the
moment my heart was in my mouth. My
horse fell down an embankment, which
added to my discomfort. I ordered the men
to fire even if they did not aim at the en
emy, for a rifle made a noise like a cannon
amid those hills. Finally the men got to
gether, and we retreated up a slope to a bit
of wooded ground which protected us from
the Indians' fire. This was about 9 o'clock
in the morning. The Indians began to
gather about us rapidly. The situation waa
crowing more serious every minute. My
men were doing good work with their rifles,
"It pleased me to see one man shoot a
noted Sioux chief right through the heart.
That old sinner never twitched a muscle
after the lead hit him. We never knew how
many we killed, because when an Indian is
shot his comrades keep him out of sight.
Well, we held them off for four hours, and
they were four hours of redhot work, I can
tell you. My scout then told me that the
Indians were on three sides of ns. We had
one chance left to retreat, and this chance
was fast lessening, because fresh Indians
"I did not like to abandon our horses,
but it was that or die. So the retreat was
ordered. I inspected each man personally
to see that his eqnipment was all right,
but owing to my inexperience and the ex
citement of the moment I forgot the ra
tions. Only one man in the command took
his rations. It was an hour or so before
the Indians discovered that we had fled.
By that time we were up in the mountains
in places so steep that one man had to help
the other up. Horses could not follow us.
So for the time being the Sioux would
Dot strike us. Grouard took a mountain
trail, which we followed on foot for 50
hours without a mouthful to eat.
"Such fearfully vigorous exercise without
food nearly killed us. Toward the end of
this perilous march we all became so
weakened that we marched for 10 minutes
and then would lie down and rest. Several
of the r.c;t robust men became insane, and
one or two never retained their wits.
When we reached Crook s camp, I slept for
24 hours without waking, and during that
time the camp was sharply attacked by the
Indians. Even the roar of the musketry
did not disturb my sleep in the least. Not
a single man was lost on this trip."
Remarking on the peculiarities of plains
life, Captain Sibley said that it seemed
wonderful to him what remarkable in
stincts a half breed scout possessed. A
scout had led him across a trackless waste
on a dark night when the snow was falling
and the wind blowing. There was not a
landmark to guide the scout. The horses
were continually drifting to windward, as
it were, iu the effort to get their faces away
from the cutting blast. Yet in the face of
all these difficulties the scout would lead
the troopers after marching all night to
the exact spot for which they started, and
he never failed.
A surprising peculiarity of Indians is
their carelessness about posting sentinels
when they go into camp, even when they
know that an enemy is near. Captain Sib
ley has seen a large Indian villatre com
pletely surrounded by soldiers in the early
morning without an alarm being given.
In fact, the only movement in the Indian
camp as late as 9 o'clock in the morning;
was the appearance of an old squaw, who
came out of . wigwam to change the posi
tion of a tethered horse. Cor New York
Fulgurites, or lightning tubes, caused by
the lightning striking in sandy soil, have
been found in Xew Mexico 30 feet louit
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
TORTURED BY A BUTTON
Agony Experienced by a Iir-ii-,,,,,.
Dlspiatei-.eut of a s,,,,,,,',.,
iuc uiuiuiri(,.di traveler ,
bille on the edge of a chair i:: 1
other morning. He w;-.
anu imtaoie. ureat lie.uls ,.f
I stood upon his forehead. i
strange oatns. t
He was sewing buttons on a
OT V. . . iT .1 ! - .
iov uu mis interna- j.-i) .,,,.
v auv. 1 ,.u uiuu lus. 1 j (- e V . j
first button came off donVnL.T-:
and I doubled the suspender stm-
l,onn a 1- i. c '-
uuiwii, ct-iw irtier me cr,ei
served in the same way, an 1 us
"I didn't wear the darned tj;;:
nntil in Cincinnati a week 111.-0. wi
a girl to the theater. I was live.;
that night and thought I was -a
huge time. We arrived K-.
house was filled with fashiotm'i
people. I had just handed -ir
pons to an usher and start ed 1- :
the aisle, knowing several s. . -were
sizing up my shape, wi..
and a snort one of those douhl-e
tons tore from its fastening ,v ; ;
arm of a chair in which s it a
my acquaintance. I blushel ;.
murmured an apology and k-; . '. . r ;
I tried my best to keep cool ,,: ; ;
concerned, but when the T,""'
trope things, no longer kept ;,
so to speak, began to slouch do-.v:; '..
to drag upon the floor I part.i i
down and nearly fell over mr.-:: I
effort to get into the seat. " "
"Did I enjoy the play? I) a ,
enjoy himself when he commits Lan'-k
Does a baby enjoy itself cutting teeti? Ii 4
a man enjoy a wrestle with a buz.' i
did the Deadeye act to my ita:--', i'
a dozen times, but it seemed oi,lr ; a-V
vnte the trouble. I was hot. :ii---v
ugly, and several questions put I v
partner were, I fear, treat e 1 w. :i 1::.. -I
moo incivility. I know this, tr.it -ir
lapsed into complete silence a:. i L i-i t j.
lapsed out of it since.
"No, I can't say that I enjoyed ;:..;; -It
was two hours ami a half of lor-irai:
when it was over I said a little prav--"'
1 thanksgiving all to myself."
He crouched down, his back in a !.:..;
cle, on the chair, and in the una r.ii::
he fingered the end of the thread "at
tempted to string it through the r... -needle.
Several attempts were n.alr. V:t
"Here," he entreated of h; v .t -what
you can do with this."
So saving, he threw himself uiK -tLc 'tr-1
and flat on his bick, with arm- strettfi,
he made havoc of the EugliU !..:. ia.-.
"What it is to have a frier. 1 ' :. rui
nated. "ou havecome here i:it:.rLl :
time, Y"ou are going to sew on a
ton and save an hour of hard w.,r n-.t
worry. You are one of the bet :
But his friend, a man who could sr
humor of the situation without the ala i
microscope, had slipped from tU- r -
without even threading the needle ar. '. Lil
gone below to invite up a feiv brave cic
panions to view through the crack vi
door the comical scene within.
They came five of 'em and crouclui,
low saw their unfortunate friend sjs-id"-solid
minutes in the effort to e j-iip tU
needle, then run it up half an inch iuto L
thumb, then throw trousers, buttons.threii
and needle out of the window and scar h
for a new pair.
"Ha, ha! Tally one on Sam :"
And Sam, who heard a scurrylr.;; of ;.:
down the hall, slammed thedoorand locked
it, Detroit Free Press.
Interesting relics of the greatest cf dram
atists were on sale at Christie's. One was
described in the catalogue as Shakespeare's
jug, of cream colored earthenware. S inches
high and 16 inches round in the lar':
part, somewhat in the shape of a nn i.-r.
coffee pot. It was divided lontrit;id:r.iiliy
into eight compartments, each horizon: a. ?
subdivided, and within these the principal
deities of the heathen mythology were rep
resented in rather bold relief.
At the beginning of the present century a
silver top and" edging were added. wltL
small medallion of the original owner. .:
scribed "William Shakespeare at the
of 40." Accompanying the ius was a M
j lacca cane in beautiful preservation. 4 :':
S inches long. These two article, it -,v;i-stated,
were bequeathed by Shape;eart '
his sister Joan, who married a Mr. !::.r
and they remained in possession of
family till the beginning of the pne:.:
century. London Telegraph.
Labeling One Belongings.
"The value of putting yournameon y
belongings," says a woman, "was en:; :. -sized
to me in a recent visit to Chic
On a bench at the fair one day I four.-! :.
notebook. Looking it over to discover : -owner,
I found it filled with elaborate
notes, evidently the result of a consider.!:
stay, and written out with a care which
tokened some intended future use bey. :. .
their mere jotting down.
"Y'et not a line that I could find betra;
any way to restore the property. Ico":'. :
only turn it in to the authorized desk : r
lost articles and hope that the want, :
forethought which withheld the name fr m
its place on the book would not similar!.-'
prevent inquiry at the proper point." .V'
Throwing the Slipper nt i Wedding.
The throwing of the slipper aft. r 1
bride comes jippurcnlly from barhu- -times,
when the relations of man and v.
were really very much akin to tie e '
master and slave, for it seems that tLeLo
was an emblem of authority, and ;.".
Anglo-Saxon marriage a shoe was givi n V
the bride's father to her husband 111 ti kei.
of transference of power over her, tie
croom usually indicating his appreciate ;.
of that fact by tapping his now wife ligi-'.ly
on the head with it. New Y'ork Sun.
The tMt Dance.
He May I ask you for a dance?
She Certainly, the last one on the list.
He But I'll not be here then.
She Neither will I. Exchange.