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THE AHO US, t I1)A. SEPTKM1JER 1, 1S5J3.
LOUIS D. VANDERVEKE,
jat rf the tost known Vnsineen don In Ci
rijresentative of th great Bradatreet Co.
HEADACHE, SLEEPLESSNESS, NEKVCU.
Dr. Jfifrt VeOral Co., Elkhart, Int.
Ofntlcmen : I take pleasure In Informing vnr
, fli t- vi-rv heneticial results which havefollov.v
It i:-e of Da. MiLtf RrsroRSTivt Ncrvi
i.,'ciuC"f myself ana wile. m year Ivn
', oot u a distressing pain at the base ot i...
tnuu and upper portion of the spinal cor.l. t
- lmt flesh ana wan grout"
f IRFI J troubled with sleeplessness
UnUWyonc Nervine was liiei.h
rforrometidcd tome. My cat hail been so i.hsii
,if that I bad no confidence in the t-flirarv o
viv medicine. Yetaa a lat resort I consented 'O
f. v it a trial. Much to my surprise. I experience
Earsou pencm; my siwpire.ness uifai'K'Hri'O:
riv homlache was removed; my spirits aud gei.cru
iH. i aoow " w ww-t. a- w
ioHNCD TWIMTT POUMOS). ALL TMISJ OCCUR":
irrc itxitp inn will known SMnicixr
iiiy hud in iKKiiiK me rii
erviiie w iLii
Louis I. VaNDxavkaa.
So'd on a Positive Gnanuilrt.
- VilES' PILLS. 50 Doses 25 Cts.
and how to attain it.
At Kst a meJ.ica! work that tells the cnu',
o- r hi s the eflfe :t, polo's the remedy. This
; . i nti lcali the moat valuable, nrtUt'rally
:hr mnn beautiful mciical book that his aii-
i:. i! f.r years; Ui pa? ev,-r pigviltH'aring
i !uir-Mne iUnstrVinn In tint. Some of the
!). " is treavd arc Scrv ns IVbility, Impo
wnvy. Ste il'ty. Djve' i.-n nt Varicocele,
Th- II nl. Thos. inemliiiu Marrlurc.etc.
Sv tv m 1:1 wh w miU km) v th grind troth,
h p :tiii f.i the o il se t ts, anl the new
.1 n. rii's of mi'd'cal scene as applied to
nam il Vie, hw ul 1 alone f ir p ts fulli.-s
1..; av.iiil fntnre pitfalls should write for Ibis
ir. ierfnl 'itt e b.ik. It will he sent free,
;nl'Ti il Address the publishers.
Ene Medical Co.. Buffalo. N. T.
cm f i
A new and Complete Treatment, consisting of
;p"itorie. Ointment in Capsnls, alo in Box
ii Pi, i: A Positive enre for External. Blind or
?rii',r.ti lu-hini?. Chronic. Itercnt or Hereditary
, Frkai.k wkakneshkb and many other dis
.i", it is always a great benefit to the cineral
i'.'.ti. The first discovery of a medical cure rcn
ru.'an opi'ratlon with the knife unnecessary
rt'ftfier. This Hcniedy has never oeen known
fall. 11 per hox. H for S; sent hv mall. Why
.ffi'r from this terrl.ihle disease when a written
-lrmtse i positivly given with 8 bottles, to re
r.i the money if not cared. Send stamp for
e nffl, t. Guarantee liiud byour auent.
Japanese liver pellets
fc'ts like made on the stomach. Liver and Bew
dispels Dyspepsia, Biliousness, Kever, Colds,
I- .Tvous Disorders, Sleeplessness, Loss or Appetite,
t lures the complection; perfect digestion fol
w, their use. Positive cure for Sick Hadachb
aril Constlnmion. mull. mild, put In tnlf . Ijrue
r i.r of fin Pills 28 tents.
UARTZ & tJLLMKYEH Sole Agcnu Rock Isl
leashes everyttiing from a fine
Silk hnnil borfViiif - a rirrTiB
pet; Lace curtains a specialty
No. 1724 THIRD AVE.
A. M. & L. J. PARKER,
Telephone No. 1214
WHEN YOU VISIT
I WORLD'S FAIR
Io i - t forget to see the ex
of the General Elec
'fic Coaipauy in the Elec-tiic-ity
Building, tie Intra
dural Railvray equipped
itu General Electric Com
pany's apparatus, the Elec
tric Launcles equipped
witli General Electric Com
pany's motors, and the Gen
eral Electric company's Arc
Lighting Plant and Power
Generators in Machinery
THE ROOT OFALL EVIL
MONEY AND THE VARIOUS TERMS
USEO TO DESIGNATE IT.
Medium, of Exeh.ng, Among; Many a
tlonaBu Article. That Were of SUble
alae-Tl e N.me. of the V.rlon. Coin,
of the Great World.
In Great Britain at the time of the
.Norman conquest were two kinds of
xnoiiey-"l:ving money," i. e., slaves and
il lb of. "dead money." that of metal,
to the 13t! century Nicolo and Matteo
i'olo found a money in use in China
which was made of the inner bark of the
mulberry tree, and which it was death
&y torture to counterfeit or to refuse to
take in any part of the country. Among
the South Sea islanders iron was so
valued tha-, it became monev, and axes
a standard of payment, the value of other
articles being stated at so many axes
Cowrie shells are used as small coins in
India, the liast Indian islands and Africa
more than 1,000 tons being brought to
Liverpool in 1651 from India to be ex
ported to the African coast in exchange
for palm o.l. In America wampum was
naed by tho Indians and was even coun
terfeited ir- 1035 by the colonists of Mas-
In India cakes of tea and in China
pieces of silk' pass as money, while at the
Ki-eat annu J fair at Nizhnee-Xovgorod in
Russia the price of tea has to be known
before the prices of other commodities
are fixed, it being the standard by which
all exchange of merchandise is regulated.
In 1574 q inntities of iiasteboard were
coined in Holland, and in 1770 in Scot
land workmen carried nails as money to
bake shops and alehouses. Notched
wood was used at one time in England,
and incer tral parts of South America
soap, chocolate, cocoanuts, eggs, etc.,
passasmcney. In British "West Indies
until of la-e years pins, a slice of bread,
a pinch of snuff or a dram of whisky
served tho same purpose. In America
at various times raccoon, deer and bear
skins, cora, beef, tobacco and codfish
have been legal tender.
The Jew s, in addition to their ordinary
money of shekels, talents and drams
of silver, had -jewel money." To this
people we are also indebted to the use of
paper moiiey in lieu of that of metal.
And amoi g the curious facts in connec
tion with this subject may be noted that
the sum p lid Judas for the betrayal of
his master would be, according to the
relative v.iltie of money in our day, a
little mon than 40 cents, a small price
witn wiiii h to pnrnhase eternal mfamv. I
The first mention of num-y in any of the
ancient r -cords speaks of it as being
weighed and not counted, and no muti
lated piece was ever rejected. Under
the Norman kings silver was coined with
deep crosses, so that smaller bils could
be obtained by simply breaking off what
was required, something as we tear off
postage stamps today.
An intt resting study is found in trac
ing out the origin of the names of coins
familiar to us now. The American dol
lar has quite a little history of its own.
In north. -rn Bohemia is a little valley
called Joachimstal, or Joachim's valley,
and in ths ICth century the reigning duke
of this region authorized this little min
ing city er district to coin a silver piece,
which was called Jo.ichimstaller. But
tho Joac aim part of the name proving
too much for everyday use, it was dropped
and that of thaler deemed sufficient. The
piece liei lg of convenient size and well
molded passed into general use in Ger
many and Denmark, and again under
went a change in orthography, finally
turning up as the "daler," whence it
came into English as the dollar, and was
adopted as such by the Americans.
In France the Mexican dollar is gener
ally called the "piastre," and the name
is also applied to the American coin, but
in either case the appellation is incorrect,
for the name piastre, or piaster, has for
the past 50 years been applied correctly
only to a small silver coin used in Turkey
and Egypt, and which is worth from
about 5 to 8 cents in American coinage.
The woid cent comes of course from
centum, being a hundredth part of the
America a dollar, the dime also meaning
The ward shilling is of Saxon origin
and was introduced into England by
that people. Penny, formerly "pfen
nig," was also brought into England by
the Saxons and was first coined in sil
ver and originally derived from the
word "pjnd," to pawn, with the diminu
tive suffix "ing." The cognomen,
"crown," of the English piece, worth
about 1 1.20 in American coinage, was
first isst.ed by Edward III and named
in consequence of the image placed upon
it. The groat was first coined by the
same monarch and is a corruption of
the word "grosses," in contradistinction
to the si jail coins or pennies. Its value
was eqtal to about four of the latter
The Kussian "ruble" comes from the
verb "to cut" and vas so called from
the ornamental edge the piece formerly
had. Ti e kopeck is equal in value to two
pence, as is also the kreutzer in Austria,
cent in Holland, Italy, France and Spain.
In the last country the 5-pseta piece,
called the escude, corresponds to the
American dollar, the pacta being the
small coin representing the monetary
standard and meaning simply "little
piece." For several hundred years and
until a recent date money was coined in
from 20 to 80 places in France, but all is
now issued from the mint at Paris.
Few French gold coins are now in cir
culation, except those stamped with the
head of Napoleon III, and silver pieces
of the b; one issue are almost as common.
French silver coins were the best in the
world, and coins are often met with
bearing the stamp of Charles X, Louis
yVTTT nnd Napoleon I. The franc, in
value ti American money of 20 cents,
was so designated by King John, who
first coiaed these pieces in 1360. They
bore the mctto "Le Roi Frank" (King of
the Fn.nks, the ancient name of the
French , and were of two kinds, one rep
resentii g the king on horseback and the
other cr.i foot. It was formerly called
the "lhTe" (pound) as well, though the
connect ion with any specified weight la
tot evii lent St. Louis Globe-Democftt.
PACIFIC A MODERN OCEAN
At All Events It Is Very New to Men of
It seems rather curious to recall the
fact that very little more than 100 years
ago the Pacvac was regarded as a Span
ish lake. That nation claimed it on the
strength of Balboa's discovery in 1513
and insisted that it should be regarded
as a mare clausum. This will bear com
parison with the claim recently made
to a like effect by the United States in
regard to the northern part of the same
ocean, called Behring sea.
When Sir Francis Drake circumnavi
gated the globe his sailing across these
raters was seriously resented by Spain,
vhich demanded restitution to her of the
plunder which he took, but Queen Eliza
beth made a haughty reply. Not long
before the close of the last century the
Spanish crown again began to make a
fuss because its monopoly of the Pacific
was infringed on. It ordered the com
mandant of San Francisco to seize the
Columbia, the first vessel that carried
the American flag around Cape Horn.
In 1789 two Spanish men-of-war seized
several English fur traders on the north
west coast, and war was very nearly the
It is odd that the Spaniards, though
discoverers of new lands and waters,
were among t'aev poorest navigators of
their time. After coming upon the
Solomon islands they could not find
them again, and they were lost for 150
years. The wau r supply of their galleons
was not kept in casks, but in big earthen
jars. As it was impossible to provide a
sufficient supply for a six months' voy
age on board of a ship carrying 400 or
500 people, they always took to sea great
numbers of mats. Whenever it rained,
the mats were spread to catch the drops,
which wero drained off into jars through
split bamboos. The mortality from
scurvy on long trips was frightful.
Cortez. afler the conquest of Mexico,
fitted out three small ships to sail to the
Moluccas end re-enforce the Spaniards
there. They were scattered by a tem
pest, and two of them were lost. Oneof
these is imagined to have been the strange
vessel which was wrecked on the rocks
of Hawaii at about the same time as
nearly as can bo reckoned. According
to tradition, only the captain and his sis
ter were saved. The natives received
them kindly and gave them food. They
intermarried with the Ha waiians and be
came the progenitors of certain well
known families of chiefs.
In earl- times the control of land on
the Hawaiinn Wands was held by the
ruling chiefs.who reserved what portions
they pleased for their own use and di
vided the rest among the leading men
subject to them. The position of the
latter was analogous to that of the bar
ons of European feudalism. They fur
nished supplies to their sovereign and in
case of war were expected to take the
field with what fighting men their estates
could furnish. These barons held almost
despotic sway over their domains, appor
tioning the territory which they con
trolled among their followers, according
to the whim of the moment or the de
mands of the policy. Every time a new
chief came into power there was a fresh
distribution of lands. Thus the country
was always full of people who were d -possessed
and homeless. Kamehameha
III overturned this system by granting
to his people a bill of rights which made
their tenure of the 6oil permanent.
Punishment In Persia.
Among the Persians the usual mode of
punishment is the bastinado, from which
men of the highest rank are not exempt.
It is inflicted with very great severity,
frequently so as to render the sufferer
almost a cripple for life. The victim is
thrown upon his face, each foot is passed
through a loop of strong cord attached
to a pole, which is raised horizontally by
men, who, twisting it round, tighten the
ropes and render the feet immovable.
Two executioners then strike the sole al
ternately with switches of the pomegran
ite tree well steeped in water to render
them supple. A store of these switches
is generally ready for use in the pond
which adjoins the courtyards of the
houses of the great The punishment
frequently lasts for an hour or until the
unfortunate victim faints from pain.
Curiosities About Ireland'. Emblem.
The shamrock, Ireland's floral emblem,
is a trefoil or three leaf plant much re
sembling our white clover, but of the
oxalls genus of grasses. While St Pat
rick was preaching to the pagans of the
Emerald Isle in the year 433 he attempt
ed to explain the "trinity in unity," but
his hearers could not understand it. At
last he plucked a trefoil (shamrock) and
said, "Is it not as possible for the Father,
Son and Holy Ghost to be one as it is for
those three leaves to grow upon a single
stalk?" The pagan Irish were convinced
and soon afterward adopted the sham
rock as their national emblem. Phila
Dealing-With An Honest Man.
"Here's your fare," said a gentleman
to a Finnish peasant who had driven him
for three hours through the woods, and
he handed him four shillings.
"No, sir, that's double my fare," here
plied, returning half the money.
And when he was told he might keep
it for his honesty he slightly nodded his
thanks with the dignity of one of nature's
gentlemen. "Russian Characteristics."
No Advice About Kissing.
A prominent publication, in which &
department is given to answering ques
tions sent by letter, has been obliged to
request young women not to end in
quiries concerning when, where and
whom to kiss. "Any girl needing advice
on this subject would, we are aure, not
be guided by any advice of ourt,"
Mr. Croaker And does the Rev. Dr.
Bweetmouth believe in practicing what
Mrs. Gadby Yes, surely. Tve even
beard that he practices it before a look
ing glass. Scribner's Magazine.
To u AVoilld I'.H ?'(! I -ul Ktnriant-
A correspondent who signs himself
"Dully" asks. "Will yoa please inform
me if there Li a medical school in New
York in which the lectures for the first
year are given in the evening or any time
after 3 p. in"'
Duffy, you and dozens of other
"would be doctors" think you can study
medicine in tho happy go lucky way the
law pills study law lectures in the aft
ernoon; office work in the morning.
You must give tip that idea at once.
Medicine requires 5 hours out of 24, and
more on Sundays and holidays The lec
tures in every medical school are given
when the professors and lecturers can
find time for them. They're given in tho
morning and in the afternoon and the
evening, and some of the private
"quizzes" begin at 10.30 or 11 p. m. and
stop in time to get ready for breakfast if
you dress quickly. Now, Duffy, if you
ask because you think medicine is a
snap like these afternoon law schools,
you'd better keep out of it, but if yon
can stand the pace and ask simply be
cause you're ignorant, why, go ahead,
and with good health and hard work you
may get your license to "kill, kill, kill,
kill, kill'" New York Sun.
A Lifelike Stone Camel.
One of the most curious rock forma
tions in the world is to be seen in Ari
zona. It is a short distance east oL the
stage road between Tucson and Oracle
and stands on a knoll several feet above
the surrounding sand hills. When first
seen, the effect is startling, and the mind
has to get over a shock before the pecu
har object can be comprehended. It is
a most jierfect representation of a camel
and is formed of one piece of granite.
This curiosity is of colossal size, but
perfectly proportioned. It is about 60
feet high and is very white and smooth.
There are very few fissures on the sur
face, and they strangely are in the
proper places to form features. The
only real projection from the surface is
exactly placed for an eyebrow. The two
humps are plainly to be seen, and the
neck is curved beautifully.
Tho rock is really a solidtiiece rising
from the ground, but the effect of legs
is produced by a clump of dark colored
brush that grows beside the stone. The
white stone shows plainly at both sides
of the brush, and the effect of the legs
is unmistakably produced. Philadel
Carrying Good News.
During the siejo of Vicksburg an im
portant artillery jKisition had been as
signed to a battery commanded by Ma
jor Schwartz, a German attached to
General Grant's comr.i:uul. Late in the
day while Grurt was in his tent receiv
ing dispatches from the front a German
orderly made his cpj'raiice earnestly
inquiring for "Zhineral Grant." After
much parley his hearers, being convinced
that his busiutsswAii the gi.ncri:! was
important, admictcd him to the hitter's
tent, whi re lie made the announcement,
"Schwartz's battery ir. took!" "Well,"
said the general calmly, Ii.l you spike
the guns?" "Whal:" slirit ked the little
German, "spike dem giins? IV m new
gnus? Vy, it would schpile Vmr "Well,
what did yon do?' snid Grant impatient
ly. "Vy, wo took Vm pack aain, by
Ancient Forms of Life In Australia.
Australia seems to have been a place
of refugo for many ancient forms of life,
and every now and then some supposed
to have become estinct are found still
existing there. The latest in this respect
is a discovery by a Mr. Ogilby, a natu
ralist, in certain rivers of New South
Wales of fresh water herrings, identical
in every way to those before not found
later than the latter part of the creta
ceous and early part of the tertiary period.
"Wont a pity It is that bis face is all pitnp'es;
He'd be very fine looking if Iwasu't for that;"
Said iri-tty Miss Vere, with a smile at the dim
ples Reflected from under the nobby spring bat
As she looked at herself in the glass, softly sigh
ing. That she h id for the ysnng man a tender re
gard. There wasn't tho least need of denying
for every one knew .t. "His tx aaty is marred by
the frightful red blo'ehes all ever his face. I
wonder if be couldn't take somethl g to eleaese
bis blood, aad drive them aw y?"
He beard what she said abont his lo ike. It
hurt his feelings, but he couldn't deny she to'd
the truth. Ha remembered a friend whose face
nsed to be as bad as his. It had tit core smooth
and clear. He went to him and asked how the
change bad been brought about, "simply by
using Dr. Pi -tec's Golden Medical Bircov. ry."
was the reply. "Take that, and I'll warrant you
to get rid of your pimples."
He did so
His face became healthy and clear.
And next week h 'il be m vrried to pretty Miss
is and will ever be the
Gout Influenza. Backache.
Pains in the Side. Chest and
Joints, Neuralgia, Sprains, &c
Before yoa need m ouy, oDiain
l FREE OF CHARCE-W
the valuable bookt "Quids to Health,"with
endorsements ot prominent puygiciaaa,
17 Warren Str.
Prlzi Medals Awarded I
Eoropeaa Houses) Bndolstadt, London,
V leuna, J rague ,auis3iuiu, vibcut
Xvembere. Soastein, Leitwio.
25 & 60 Cts. a bottle, For Sale by
E0S3T VS tOIEEITJ
Castoria is Dr. Samuel Pitcher's prescription for Infants
and Children. It contains neither Opium, Morphine nor
other Narcotic substance. It is a harmless substitute
for Paregoric, Drops, Soothing Syrups, and Castor Oil.
It is Pleasant. Its guarantee is thirty years use by
Blillions of Mothers. Castoria destroys Worms and allays
feverishness. Castoria prevents vomiting Sour Curd,
cures Diarrhoea and Wind Colic Castoria relieves
teething: troubles, cures constipation and flatulency.
Castoria assimilates the food, regulates the stomach
and bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep. Cas
toria is the Children's Panacea the Mother's Friend.
" Castoria I. an excellent medicine for chil
dren. Mother, have repeatedly told me of its
good effect upon their children.'
Da. Q. C Oboood,
Castoria is the best remedy for children of
which I am acquainted. I hope the day is not
far distant when mothers will consider the real
interest of their children, and use Castoria in
stead of the variousqnack nostrums which ana
destroying their loved ones, by forcing opium,
morphine, soothing syrup and other hurtful
gents down their throats, thereby fusing
them to premature graves."
Dr. J. F. Kiucbklos,
'WHERE DIRT GATHERS, WASTE RULES."
GREAT SAVING RESULTS FROM THE USE OF
THE MOLINE WAGON,
Sftannlacturers ol FARM, SPRING AND FREIGHT WAGONS
A full and complet line of Platform and other Spring Wagons, especially adapted to the
Western trade, of superior workmanship and finish Illustrated Price List free on
application. See the MOLINX WAOOM before ourchasing
Heating and Ventilating Engineers,
Gas and Steam Fitting,
complete line of Pipe, Braes Goods, Packing Hose,
Fire Brick Etc. Largest And tx3t equipped
establishment west of Cliicago.
DA Via VUjijxL Moline, 111. j 112. 1 14 West Seventeenth 8t:
Telephone 2053. Telephone 1148. Rockisianf.a
Residence TeleDhone 1163
Everything in the line of spring vehicles, and the
largest assortment of
Harness, Laprobes, Whips, Etc.
Mason's Carriage Works,
East Fourth Street - - DAVENPORT, IOWA.
Carpenter and Builder,
OFFICE, NO: 2821 SIXTH AVENUE.
Shop on Vine Street FOCK ISLAND, nI.
- "11 iiiiUMW
" Castoria is so well adapted to children that
I recommend it as superior to any preacriptioo
known to me."
H. A. Archer, M. D.,
Hi So. Oxford St., Brooklyn, K. T.
" Our physicians in the children's depart
ment have spoken highly of their experi
ence in their outside practice with Castoria,
and although we only have among oar
medical supplies what is known as regular
products, yet we are free to confess that th
merits of Castoria has won us to look with
favor upon it."
United Hosprrai. akd DisraxsaRT,
Allxx C Smith, Pres.,