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TEIE ARGUS, TUESDAY, OCTOBEIt 17. 1SSJ3.
rj THEIR EDUCATIONAL TRAIN
ING IS DEFECTIVE.
M,l.ile Distinction Itctween "Instruc-
mill -I iluratlon" Made by theClev
. ..inir I'rrnrh-The Need of
A,. ri-n Youth.
H distinction between "instmc-
. " " jui'l f'liifiition" is admirably
'''wn l'v tliat people most highly cn
jv(.,l with a strong analytical faculty.
,l,,,rough investigation ana just ae-
iisual with them. The difference
'',',. lu tween acquired knowledge on
, ;ilnil ana mniicaicu i itiu uu
her has lieen embodied in these
appellations, which carry with
two distinct meanings,
V i,.-4rfly possessed apart from theoth
P- T W lli'n POU1 re iiiiiH'ituu ii wc
i" . . . i a i - r
:;ilitv the iilglicsi uejrreu in
lias'ltfu obtained of which the
With us in America it is fair to state
i i i;. -traction from books, in school and
. . where the aim must of necessity
li,' iniv the development of the mind and
. in conjunction with religious
!. 'i:l's from the pulpit and at the
. Minis up tlie education generally
..." : the voiith of the country, even
" 1 ,.1.1...
t he r. I'eiAus illiU UlL t-flllll.
tv.eeii these two lines of educa
U.th admirable and necessary,
. a in.ire subtle and intangible form
t.'.al ami mural training which
,s the development of the finer
. ,,f both the intellect and the
..i:i3 having for effect not only
-nil a desire f. r knowledge and
and a reproval of vice, but to ed-a-
t.i the desirability of that su
i ,-i l'.i tu-e which enables the pos
! strive fr the ideal graces and
..... which, when understood and
,1, pr...h'.c a perfect civiliza-
v '.;-:, .:i i.Jo-K' cannot give this
-h. v. a 1'V the fact that the es-
i h. a:ii;:'nl ."l.h to character
... ;.r..;t.l a-sihetics it evolves have
. . ..v-, d l.y men f.'l-l Wolilell who
t.i'.i.wle.l'i-d iso attachnu'iit to rc
. :'. and ag-iin by memlx-rs of
, ,;v and J ;i r:i i i - : ; i alike, while
::::: and the savant, whose
; ::e t. 'wded receptacle .f a mar
- ::..I ini. r.if.na cf kntwledge. may
tti 'y lack:' i.i this particular
, ; cuittire.
at inn, winch does not ap
to the intellectuality nor
i:. ral sense, out envelops ine
n-iiu' through a cultivation of the
faculties and finer instincts,
wl; u 1- iieiioimnaieii "etincaiion uy
:! rrt-nch. and which should be applied
wnh crreater care in America to the
Trunin:? of youth, for as a factor in en
l:;:.tei:!iit'iit and progress its value is
i. rtanus. 'With the many Fplendid
litw'.ttications given by nature to the
An:- r.can citizen, and which the polit
;::J ni-titutioiis under which he lives
L.isf st. red. his sturdy self dependence.
,-r.ir.t i f itifjuiry, his energy and natural
:i.!'".'..-'ence, if aided by a strong de
v l ;.ni t.t in this direction, would pro
i'.;t; ' r- markable results both in the in
kvwu.il atiil fur the masses.
F"i it is evident that from a cultiva
".; :.( f this phase of the human mind
-; r:i.- the conception and execution of
tii.it p- Haiti? to the arts, fine and in
.'.t;r;;i'.. they being the tangible tx
o :.!: of the aspirations and genius
f tit"-, fri.tii whom they have emanated.
Ui.!--.- the trend of a iwople be toward
..Mil' al i xistetice. stretching beyond the
..:.-' --i. m of effort luertlj- to supply
th" wants of man's physical life, neither
p x-t. sculptor nor painter nor the artis
tic a:i 1 accomplished artisan will emerge
to a i .rn and testif y to their civilization
:iu 1 their sujieriority. Indeed expan
i 'ti in this direction proves the condi
f national life with a sure and
Tii- time lias come when an education
t'-i.'Img toward similar results should
' tit y jn'oiic thought in this country,
i- t .f. re too rxelnsjvtlv entrrossed in
solving the problem of national exist
ence. It is just to say, however, that
there has been an advance, noticeable in
large c inters, which has been brought
about by friction and competition and
the cor tact with our nationalities, vary
ing opinions ana antagonistic creeds.
But th j general improvement has not
been ir. accord with the capabilities in
that direction of the American people,
nor proportionate with the increased
wealth, for outside of our large cities, in
the int erior portions of the country, life
is still unjustifiably primitive, and
those living on plain and frontier, in
mountain and forest, are uncultured be
yond vhat their isolation would justify.
Again it is noticeable that the educa
tion of the children of those classes pos
sessed of ample means is in these Unit
ed States generally superficial. The
American early youth among the edu
cated classes, which are those exerting
the most influence on the destinies of a
people, is not subjected to that sober
discipline deemed necessary by the older
nations of Europe as being a protection
to thm, against their own irrepletive
impul -ies, through mental habits thus en
forced, and as constituting a desirable
tutelage in preparation for the later se
vere struggles of life. The overindul
gence generally accorded the American
child and youth is the cause of a general
disregard of authority and careless atti
tude toward obligations, a distinctive
feature of the American youth. On the
part f those in authority the effort
wouh ; seem to be to gloss over the un
sound basis of a scanty lean ing by some
few g vudy accomplishments, equally su
perficially possessed. New Orleans
WITH FINGER TIPS.
ASH BARREL JIMMY."
Charactt-rihtira of Criminals.
The measure around the skull of the
criminal, taken horizontally, is always
less t ian that around the skull of the
upright man. and his brain is found to
be lif. liter, his constitution feebler, too,
and 1 is heart is weak. But even among
culpi its themselves there are great dif
ferences mus me .Jiignway robber is
natnvally found to be taller than the
pickj ocket, and the bones of his skeleton
are stronger. He and the murderer,
whei- they write at all. write a largo
ronn 1 hand with many flourishes. The
thief writes with effeminacy, a small
These people are apt to give the stu
dent snrpri--.es. He finds, for instance
that hey are not habitually cruel. Wan
ton murderers will be kind to a pet.
Win re thev are cruel it is the women
who are most so, and who discover the
most shocking forms of cruelty, and al
though a few have talent they are all
Willi ing in the ability to use their talent
to a lvantage, but ruo.-t of tliem have
Tl .ey are flighty and faithless always,
clinging long to nothing. And with it
all they are extraordinarily sajierstitioup.
The one satisfactory thing that comes
out of all this investigation is the estab
lishment of the fact that education di
min shes the tendency to crime, and that
as I y slow degrees the day shall come
when a whole generation is educated
the .-hildren of that generation will be
born with less and less tendency to crime
or to crime made easy. Harper's Bazar.
HOW HELEN KELLER WAS TAUGHT
THE NAMES OF THINGS.
On the Ttresfcold.
Stall-.ill? at womanhood's floor is she,
C'lail in her virginal parity.
A en attire fui r a the hllies be.
The) are ti irne t: earth wlien the storm preva'l.
A ml their lite cut initio stininuT L'nie.
V) en we !ee a frail and lovely creaturt.'. stiuid
ln J i n the thre-hold between irltinoi am! wo
man mini, we shiver wi'h a tear of lui may be,
li -ca is? we have seen -n msny Micetinili at this
'Titi'-ai period of Ue. What i? needed at this
time is a tmcc urnl invignranl something that
will iromote proper funi'tiimal action cf the fe
mah organs. Tue only remedy to be de; ended
on is Dr. I'iene's Favorite I'retscnption. This nii
e.jui led medicine, which euro difne peril. lar
to w imer, ii especially vuluablc at the perioi
whe i the (rlrl crosses the ttma-hoid of wouian
hooi . I'sed at Mie.h a time, it never fail to pro-
duci a mo"t beneficial result, and many a lra::ile
by i .
been tided over life's most trying periods
-If fishes knew enough to live in the
ground instead of water," remarked
Fn nk. "thev could get all the worms
i they wanted without hooks in them."
Ha -per s 1 cung 1'eopic.
Ko man can afford to Lave a sick Wife or
Daughter, nor, in srch times as these,
A Lig Doctor bill. Zoa Phora curea
the sickness, eaves the bills.
mALD HEADS! I
What is the condition of yours? Is ypur hair dry, J
harsh, brittle? Does it split at the ends? Has it a jC
lifeless appearance? Dies it fall out vhen combed or -brushed
? Is it full of c andruff ? Does your scalp itch ? j
Is it dry or in a heated condition ? If these are some of sr
your symptoms be warned in time oryou win recome diu. j.
Skookum Root Hair Grower
rarrn. jvnowieoRe ox inuu r,7hV m.r.li nor oils.
ery or now to treat mem. -naoc lum U""J" --ir: , timnlatinir
'"'it- Er the scalo'clsnn. h -althy. and tn-e ll'JZl ll ?
the use of hfkvm Aifcm iueip. It UeiUoys panuUio uuecls, bk e -
IfWdMi'i. Ton send
prepaid, on receipt of price. O rower. $1.UU per liotUe .6 tut a.0U. Boap.suc.
per jar ; o tor .au.
THE SKOOKUH ROOT HAIR GROWER CO.,
S7 South Fifth Avenue, New Tork, K. T.
" DIRT DEFIES THE KING." THEN
IS GREATER THAN ROYALTY ITSELF.
Something " tho Mpthotl Kxplained by
Her Tiretoas lnstrnc tress A Face That
Mirrors a Soal Which Kiows Naught of
the Appearance of Sin.
The iiiol interesting feature of the ed
ucational congress was the appearance
of Helen Keller nuder the kind and skill
ful guidance of Miss Annie M. Sullivan,
her teacher. When a babe, Helen Keller
became blind, deaf and dumb. When
Miss Sullivan, a young woman of unus
ual beauty of form and feature, stood
before the andience beside a girl who,
except for the sad sign of blindness in
tho large 03-es, gave promise of still
greater beauty, her face glistening with
a rapture that painters try to express in
the ecstacy of angels, hearts seemed to
stand still. It was a face that had never
consciously looked on the distortions of
passion or pain the mirror of a soul
that could not imagine the outward ap
pearance of sin nor remember any of the
discords of life.
In her presence it was hard to appre
ciate the fact that her world lay within
ours, without sun. music or speech. No
one who saw it will forget the impulsive
fluttering of her yonng. white hand as
it Fought lu r teacher's face or round,
white throat; the satisfaction when the
contact t'f hi r delicate white finger tips
gave her what sicht gives us: the flash
of light over her face when, with her
forefinger resting on her teacher's lip,
she read t".:e answer to the question she
had asked by the twinkling digital move
ments in her teacher's palm. There
were those who wept when she re peated
audibly, with a depth of feeling the
a'ono can feel:
Tell in ti not in mournful numbers
Life i. I. .it an i nii'ty Crc.im.
All were ir.vi.i. J to ;;sk .:estions, ret
not many c": id so. Tho occasion seemed
'How did you teach her the first
word';" suine one ventured at last.
"Her first wor.l was 'doll.'" was the
answer. ""I gave her the doll, placed
her finger on my .lip and spoke the word.
When she wearied of the doll, I took it
from her, and when I returned it sigain
gave tho Movement ci the lips. The
second word was limg.' I used the cup
frcm which she drank, but hecamo con
vinced that s,lrj had not u clear idea of
the name, but that it meant t.i her ;:lso
water or drink. Sod one day took her
to tho pump, and as the water was flow
ing into her cup had her hold her hand
in the stream, and then putting her fin
ger on my lip gave her the word 'water.'
Then 1 again gave her the word mug.'
The idea that everything had a name,
the comprehension of nouns, was a great
revelation to her and came then and all
at once. She was greatly excited. A
nurse, with the baby sister in her arms,
was standing near. Helen immediately
put her hand on its face to know its
name. I told her 'baby,' and she caught
it at once. Then she stooped down and
patted the ground to know what it w as
called. She learned many words that
day, and those words she never forgot.'
'How soon after she learned words
did sho frame sentences?''
"Were verbs harder to learn tha.i
"Not at all. I began with such words
as 'sit,' 'stand' and the like that were
easy to illustrate. Prepositions troubled
"How does bho get an idea of the ab
stract?" "I cannot tell. It seems to be wita
her, or it comes.''
"Has hhe any distinguishing sense f
"Yes, very distinct. Sho likes music."'
"Is her vocabulary large?"
"Very large. She expresses herself
fluently and is choice of words."'
"What books does she like best?"
Every now and then the white fingers
fluttered to the teacher's face for just
one delicate touch a finger look it was
and now they rested on Miss Sulli
"Tell tho people what books
j-ou like best."
Helen's face was an open book of her
mental processes. Sho repeated each
word after Miss Sullivan, but hesitated
a little on the words "tell"' and "you,"
the brightness of her face dimming for
the instant. As soon as sho compre
hended tho question, which she did in ad
vance of its completion, the flash of intel
ligence came, .'ind when she turned to
ward the audience, for fehe did not seem
at any time to lose her location, she said
"Oh. I have read so much that it is
very hard to say what I like best, but"
waiting a moment " 'Little Lord Faunt
leroy'" And then followed rapidly
the names of several works, some of
which, it would 6eem, could hardly be
understood by any one who cannot know
sound and color.
"How do you read?"
"By raised letters and by my teacher."
"I noticed when you pronounced for
her you articulated with an exaggerated
motion of the lips," said one. "Is not
that necessary?" '
"Her teaching was begun in that way.
I do not think it is necessary or best. I
attribute the peculiarity of her voice to
that mechanical action which she uses.
I think it would have been better and
just as easy if she had been spoken to
with the usual movement."
In reply to the question of her knowl
edge of the abstract, General Futon re
marked that the greatest development in
the case of Helen Keller was that of the
spiritual. Memphis Appeal-Avalanche.
The Fir. Convert of the Salvation Army
C".r first convert in America is still
living and serving the army in Boston.
The history of his reform is a remarka
The conversion of the first of a mighty
multitude was brought about by Com
missioner Railton, then in command of
the American forces of the army, and
Superintendent Thomas Byrnes "of the
New York jiolice. Mr. Byrnes was an
inspector of police at the time, early in
It is safe to 6ay that in Salvation Army
circles there are very few who do not
know Jimmy, by reputation at least.
Jimmy was a thief and drunkard when
converted in New York in March, 1880.
His name is James Kemp.
Three times Jimmy narrowly escaped
losing his life. On one occasion he was
nearly frozen to death outside Billy Mc
Glory's notorious dive. On another oc
casion he was so brutally beaten in a
Water street dive that he was supposed
to lie dead. The morgue wagon was
called by the police, and the bruised and
battered Wly, apparently dead, was car
ried to the morgue. When it, or rather
he, arrived there some of the doctors
made the discover' that Jimmy still
lived, and so he was taken to the hos
pital, where he remained four months,
llis last narrow escape from death was
when he drank a quantity of spirits cf
wine which he found in a cellar. Jim
my drank so much he went raving mad
and tried to hang himself. He was sent
to prison for three months for .attempt
The first Saturday afternoon in March,
lSNI, Jnnmv started out to have, some
amusement, and hearing that the Salva
tion Army, which had just arrived from
England, was going "to show" at Harry
Hill's notorious resort he concluded to
go there and seo what kind of people the
soldiers were. When he arrived at Hid's.
he f.mnd that there was an admission
fee, a:.d he, with a drunkard's economy.
determined to spend theflirice of admis
sion in a different manner. Toward
l.ight In- strolled into a dive in Water
stru t. . ln re his Whyo friends painted
his back and served his face the same
way and wound up the performance by
rolling the unfortunate man in the saw
dust of ihc rive f.oor-Jiuiuiv, after sub
mitting ". their treatment, thought thev
would let him stay there all night; but
alas, they kicked him out on the sirect.
Just as Jiinmv reached the sidewalk
his cap blew oft" and fell into an ash bar
rel which was standing near the door of
the den. Jimmy tried to recover it. but
in doing so lost his balance and fell head
first into the barrel. He struggled to
get ont. but all his efforts wer" in vain
He seemed to be there to stay.
A short time after Jimmy's acrobatic
feat a lioliceman came along, and seeing
a man's legs in the barrel set to work to
discover who was the owner of them
and why he had them in such a position
He took out his club and struck the in
verted man on the soles of his feet
These means are sometimes resorted to
by policemen to arouse drunken men.
From the depths of the barrel came a
voice which the policeman at once recog
nized. He rapped for assistance, and
Falettea of Taiutera. ,
Palettes of famous painters form an
interesting collection in the possession
of M. Beuginet of Paris. His collection
numbers over 1 00 specimens, chief among
which are the palettes used by Corot,
Troyon, Delacroix. Benjamin Constans,
Bonnat, Bosa Bonhenr, Detaille, Puvis
de Chavannes and other artists of celeb
rity. Philadelphia Ledger.
when another officer appeared on the
scene an eii'ort was made to get .limmv
from his novel but painful position,
Thev i mlled r.r th? protruding feet, but
Jiminv failed to respond, his clothes hav
ing b'en caught o:i the rcyjs which had
been driven through the barrel. Thev
pulled until the old rotten shoes gave
way and v. re left ill their hands. The
policemen then threw the bal rel down
on its side, a-.-d laying hold of the unfor
tunate man's fee t tin y dragged the bar
rel and its howling occupant toward the
A pitiful sight was poor Jimmy when
he reached tue station. His face, which
had been blackened by the toughs in the
dive, w.is all battered and bruised, and
the paint on his face, mingled with
blood, was strongly suggestive of a
scalped Indian. His clothes were all
torn and his s!ves gone. How complete
the ruin! 11 cv jk rfect the wreck!
Superintendent Byrnes suggested that
the Salvation Army be allowed to try
its hand on the man. and the result was
his conversion, since which time ho has
served faithfullv in its ranks. Boston
Machine Work ami IlauUtvork.
It is to be remembered that, notwilh
ing all we hear of tho vast suiieriority
(f machine over handwork, this ma
chinery must itself possess as great, if
not greater, accuracy and retinement
than the product manufactured by it.
No machine can in this respect lie su
Xerior to its maker. It can only produce
sufficiently accurate and good work at
a lower cost than if made by him. The
first sewing machine of a kind, built by
skilled machinists or toolmakers, is at
least as good and as accurately made as
any subsequently manufactured by ma
chinery, and the same men can dupli
cate it more exactly than can any ma
chinery, but machines built thus would
cost far more than people could afford to
pay for them, and that is all there is to
the talk of the substitution of the "cer
tainty and accuracy f machinery for the
uncertainty and inaccuracy of hand
work." Scribner's Magazine.
Hobbs How are you getting on in
your literary career?
Graph (with pomposity) Splendidly.
I am now collaborating with Scribe, the
Hobbs Is it possible? What part of
the work do you do?
Graph (who plays the typewriter for
Scribe) I put his ideas into readable
The Butterfly and Ita Caae.
The most curious thing about the but
terfly is the size of the case from which
tne insect proceeds compared with the
size of the insect's body. The case is
rarely more than an inch long and a
quarter of an inch in thickness. The
jtterfly covers a surface of nearly 4
inches square. St. Louis Republic.
Castoria is Dr. Samuel Pitcher's prescription for Infants
and Children. It contains neither Opium, Morphine nor
other Narcotic substance. It is a harmless substitute
for Paregoric, Drops, Soothing- Syrups, and Castor Oil.
It is Pleasant. Its guarantee is thirty years use by
Millions of Mothers. Castoria destroys Worms and allays
fevcrishness. Castoria prevents vomiting Sour Curd,
cures Diarrhoea and "Wind Colic. Castoria relieves
teething troubles, cures constipation and flatulency.
Castoria assimilates the food, regulates the stomach
and bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep. Cas
toria is tho Children's Panacea tho Mother's Friend.
"Castoria is an excellent medicine for chil
dren. Mothers have repeatedly told me of its
good effect upon their children."
Da. G. C. Osgood,
Castoria is the best remedy for children of
which I cm acquainted. I hope the day is not
far distant when mothers will consider the real
interest of their children, and use Castoria in
stead of the various quack nostrums which are
destroying their loved ones, by forcing opium,
morphine, soothing syrup and other hurtful
agents down their throats, thereby sending
Khern to premature graves."
Da. J. F. EinceejiOE,
" Castoria is so well adapted to children tha
I recommend it as superior to any prescription
known to me."
R. A. Arches, M. D.,
Hi So. Oxford St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
" Our physicians in the children's depart
ment have spoken highly of their experi
ence in their outside practice with Castoria,
and although we only have among our
medical supplies what is known aa regular
products, yet we are free to confess that the
merits of Castoria has won us to look with
favor upon it."
United nosprru. asu Dispeksakt,
Allen C. Smith, Pres.,
The Centaur Company, TI Murray Street, New York City.
THE MOLINE WAGON,
The Mine Wap Co.
Manufacturers ol FARM, SPRING AND FREIGHT WAGONS
A full and complete line of Platform and other Spring Wacons, especially aa&ptea to the
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DA Via tii.uiji. Moline, 111
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Telephone 1148. Eockuiat
Residence Telephone 1160'
Everything in the line of spring" vehicles, and the
largest assortment of'
Harness, Laprobes, Whips, Etc.
Mason's Carriage Works,
East Fourth Street - - DAVENPORT, IOWA.
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor etncL Bu.ild.er.
Office and Shop 225 EightcenthcStreet
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
"AU kinds of Carpenter work a specialty . Plans and eetimatcsjfor alllkinds of bull dings
furnished on application.
Carpenter and Builder,
8hop on Vine Street. BOCK ISLAND, ILL.