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Willi Vi T J ;
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.UnawM ty influence, unbribed by gain,., , ,
, Here shall the press the People's rights maintain, :
... .. ..'".",'(
f EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.
7 n o : i )t - i T Hi ,'( yiliili-; , a .!'. 4 ' ;'J -'"I j vnb f 1 r '.,. -,. ;j t'.'is J ; ! a'f'
tTiii ' !.' , -si l .' . . m . I i. m,.,i - . ,l, 'I . . : ,
' (EntRArTct rii0i Tiic'Iioni.ic,SqoB )
lished once a week, at 'T0' Dollars (ifr
tni)ufipaja-bje fa fvvance, . H ;
j, ..AJ&vsBTiiiamnT yill b inserteil ntl
, ee r ' 4ac C(f Wf lines or Ics?) I'rthe
,rt iusertUu,aul Jill,)' ochIk Jor eiwh ron
.liinuanoe. ,. t'vrn(r's1intrp 8 pimiths, W -riJo
for jix months, $'3 'iio.lor 1 mouths,
fil PPt 'Mtin.xf --n' ' : i-' ' '
!&.' S.'V'Advertisettieiitsiiot mnrkert wilh the
i nlimltr. of ' innrrtiim required, will lie
, toutinued until ordered out,' anil lirfr l
i'aeeordiiigly. !)'( i "!! ' "'
'' A literal deiliietfrm wijl ln'tfile to those
Who 'advertise b the year. ' ,! 'Adveri-
4r'by th yeni1 will be t'tmfine'd slrictly
' lothrtlr bftiiewi v ! i" . ..,
V: Caiiitldntc anfio'iMc'ed for $3 00.
, ,, , .Im..,.,..,, ; -
i i t.' ' . . Ml . '! 11 -.7 .'; ':" : . . . 1 ' 11
:r . ADD fl KSS.
I'ttprrrt'd fry Hit 'Commffke, ttftviiitrJ ly a
... rexfilutiofi of, ihi llHihoml.. Conwnliun,
' -fttli in lhi t'ity on iht lth Jutie lust.'
-14; j , 1 1 . o a ! ' 'I' 1 '
'' riii Con'v'eiitlofi.'aiiiemMe'l at Varaw,
for the. linrfiitre Kl .cuiiMiu'r'.hn the ulilliy
and prtw;trc4i'tity W tb.e ronMrnotimi of a
" r.iirii; j'roin Lekon, or smue puini on
the Mi-.ouw tiyt, ih tbe weMrrn .ul ol
tlie Ktutis to ekteniMy way nf Wiir-nw
tii v'Mmlricl,nvf' iinne pl.n'e m tlie
, 'ii-Mi pi iivei -Jml-IuwI' lreziti(t point,
duly ViehMldei'T (bt'(rr;:il iol ti(itiii!H w bieli
7hiUi i'uiji;iis of1 i'rt'i1j!Htio(; (lie trade' of
the country must nl7un1, lia e .piien tbe
anbiecl tluir most ''careful atteniton. alul
; kel .niiislitii lli;r ut;U a ruiilrt i t'utiriiiy
jirutllcable rd esni'terrtly import.inti
' llie illliy .atVJ 'Me?Viiy itf UlU propo-
, mil rmlrouii Iim at.lr.igle.l puirer.il H-eiitinii
'Tor a nomberW jeurv piit. As enrly i"
?'1836., tl'i ie'udj e rccoiiiiiti:(!ei:to (be
, Leginl.iture, rli thfilnietiun of. rilriiii
1 ciitn'rie'fice ;eir tl,e tjilerii tmimbirj
line on (be yuutli siJc of the Mi-MM.ri ri-
r,V extending wiliroii(;b llu oii'.t-r.it rc
gin' In' lei tjllh.ttc at soiiu" p'oiiil' Vin (be
Miaikippi river, b!iw, whtie llml rivn
is iimially blovked with ! f'i .iiii in tbe di-
j rvctiii'li of tbe unt'f't I'irattii'.ible route to tf.e
.inlindued ritilroad Iroin ('lu.ilii'ii, S.
to CinelnliHtl, Oi'io nmK njrain, in
.1839, tlie Legisbit lire, influenced by a
ken ol the, strong txUlmj; i;ei:tsily li r
Mich a'work, i&eed 0 im mortal to l on
f;re,,liliiig' j)o(t (lm j:in im otluiu t
of ha mbject will very soon c.ilise tbe
fale'tif Missouri to adopt the means for
Uie.coiistntivi ol u, r..i!rwnl l'r..m Jefler
kdn; tily tu rl;er'I "i'vJi I. r1j,er btlo
. Ireel'uijj point -m-lbal uiivviy ii.lrtNt ta-
' Ise'O, by a la'r 'j'tirtiotr'cif llle'uliizi'ii'i ol
tliin , Stuiylii li ape'tjily lipoHiiiif:iiei'iii.ieiit
utid 'lerininalioi -of ich a- work be)ir.
' ipg tbit it Vvi't itdd bVetlj to'ie' nieaiid of
tratporiiiijilie4rouiittr of ib co'ui.tiv to
New OrleVi inJ ii lit r i;if keisTves pevial-
ly during llie o intrr senin, at l.itli lime
all ii)eiiii'ot'(vtiliyr fi;ati'p'rl'ution is "iiitvr
'.eeplal..tiy ivt.i4ik iiif; "ft lb grant
r altehiatc ne'ctioilcalatig tbe route," to
We have lima referred to fopuer
aclion'oV 1 16' 'iNe&iivc and Leglsbltitie,
to abow tjiat, lively-intrreM , ii bje poii
xtrudioii of tlii wcrii hai. befiiiakcii ;
hi "Well ti to L(4ytho jiliiport ant e Vtilb
which it bun been vTewail.' ' - ' '
la JAmong nlrt'iieeessifii? 'jir'getl for1 ,,tjie
conytirbctibn' ' of-thii roatY, it ibe faci 'ibai
"tbe mean of all wuier1 ooiiiintiriioalion is
' iiitercprled' Irj' icd inilthp ilieliniersea
aou eonfqiiei.tlt,our people are limine
j,lo gbi imfMiwp''ty wlyjui rc-
-Veireltlit ;bel? !tnt, il are often com-
l iiul 4t wttat'4i p(att to vary. riton,
" lliuVi ii'yi!iiot only rftbjV bin a li-
t ratuMtoaU)ar()dicccNrMid HJiUiri, aallwy
j)ioea i n,'iippei$3'JIwbeii''-iIlia EkfC.
' Artiv'1 fir'kilul!e.i the atii(tiiin f the Le-
l ; ? .T 1 1 1 ? Jtj U V.f. ?,!, T y
-.and ui3.be 'iH.rUiyaotiila lariiiiiov.in
the ! 'J?r( luit' Af'tb proimaed Cbarleatoii
..j ! ...:iS.:!S'- .';!!.tV"v"ot '
y ,anuk ii,i,.i1twHr1ysj',jiTiUto.
1 lOOiict;""1 v .luwunin -T-viiiivr r 01,
'Vhose 'alfeSdy copstrijcleil- of In' Ibe nto-
" I l'.'..' . ' '.- 1 " ' '. ' V" ,1
, grent i evuJtucoutrOcopif niutea,aiiul'
with (itch probability Jl' their lVing hirrt
lv CnliicJ'aa to' trato.1 on our tnanti
and Hilb which tbe trade of ll.M ronil
woiibl be iiniuediakTy connected, tlmt its
iiiipnrtiinre, as regard the proapeot of our
pfpple being able to enjoy,, m tlie future,
ihis ditcrsily of other and opi-iiiug m,rk
ets, hai increased mil compound ratio will:
the increiise of ulirjiopubilion.
Jly rel'crenre to ibe tnapa, partirnlarlj
to the map recently ,jjih!il,ed by order ol
tbe lower boiie of ilu present Congress,
delineating tbe various routes of railroads
which (ire already constructed, or contem
plated,, and , w bith w ill j.rol s-My mhui be
linishi'd throughout the United Stutes, ev
cry observer must be struck with llie im
portmit bearing which the new and vari
ous markets, now r.ipidly opening to the
reception of western products, must ne
cessarily have upon the future welfare of:
Mi-souri, and. to her great advantage, if opinions, thinking, perhaps, it may lie con
abe only secure to herself the udvanl. ges 1 sidered as not coming particularly within
of enjo inj ihnn. , I ihe line of their duties. They beg leave
A railroad is in contempt. iliuii from Oi- . to suggest,' however, that influeneed by
ro, at tlie junclion of the Ohio and Mia-he lights afforded by the experience 'and
sissippi, lo Niisbt iile, Tenn., and one is J examples of other Stales, they are confi
iu progress from that city to Chattanooga, ' dent in the conclusion that (he tame can
on (be Tennessee river, near tbe norlli-j be at roniplisbed ly indiv idiml enterprise,
western corner of Georgia, there to , be wilh some assistance from the State ' or
connected with lite Georgia f (ate railroad, , the fieiier.il Gov eminent.' '
whiih is already completed lo Savannah;' Much confidence is reposed in individ
Hiid a braiicli of it breaking olT at Atlanta, U"l enterprise, as it in.iy be considered
b-ading down to Augusta, thence lo 'np oflbeinostiinport.ini lever which
Charleston, S. C is also eoiupleii'd. rrom ia hem ing onwaril. in rapid and ancccss
New Echota, Hiliu.ted on the (inisbed part '"1 progression, the great improv einents ol
of ibis road, about forty miles below Ch.it- :
laimoga, a railroad i-contemplated by way: great ends, is characteriflic til our pen
of Knoxille(ii Danv i!le, a., which lies pb-, and of the g 111,1s of our gov eminent,
about ei.sl of New Madrid, 1 lit re lo le In fact, v halever w orkx uf ibis kind are
connected will; the already liui.heil rail- made, must be accomplished by the peo-
rimd J'rotn thai place lo. llithinond.. A
r;.ilnKd is alaoi contemplated from Corn '' by the tvbole a a bodypcditio thro'
directly dmvii lu Mobile, and from i.'ut their repretentniii es. Of the nearly five
place lo Pei.-sacob", Honda. Tin-re ,is thousand nilles of railroad iilready ' fcom
also one linisbed from Aiemj'hi .In La-' pleled in the I'niled States, iniicfi of the
uraiiire, .which place is t-iuiated about on ainu ha been accomplished by individual
the line. of the contemplated road from cou.p..nies. . Many, of the exleiisiv e rail
Ciiro lo iVUil ile.' 1 , roads in New York, in rennsylvunia and
It' the railroad Vhich we have tinder " "'her Sl.iteii, havu been lima made, ami
consideration, shall be constructed and con- l'le investment!, are' yielding fine profits,
netted wi'.h those other roaiis, it will I e- .It 's aid thai nolw ilbstaiidiiig forty mill
coiiie a part of tho greal railroad system' o1' dollars have been invested iu rail
of the Union virording us l ot only new oad in ibeSuieof Massachusetls uloiie,
markets 011 tbe gul!', but will give us a di-' ,'",y ure yielding n ' annual dividend ol
red eominutiic.itiiin with the Atlantic sea- eight per cent thus prdv ing the great pe
hoard in Georgia, in the Carolina and in ':uniary advantages of stub inv estiiients,.
Virginia, Then it would be that .our and tho unity of inicresl existing ii fndi
pl.miers roiild transport ibeir tt.l.it.-co lo iJnal enterprise and llie body politic
Richmond, Yu., the great mail of that Ma- 'Ah an example, immediately before U, oi
pic, as tlicap and as t xpediiioiisly i.s tl ty individual exertion, we would stale, thai
do now In. New Urle-ms, or their variuua' n number of conn;, es along the Osi'ge r.iv
prodiictious lo Savamiiih, ( barlesloii or er, sensibly alive to the importance of a
Norfolk, with a little expemve.a it now fady facility of trade, have combined, un
eosta them In haul Ibe same filly milts. lr cl.at'ler, their distributive aliare ol
Should lVnsaonl.i become, 11a niaiiy ibink ioeyed of llie jtublio lands gr.iule I
il certainly destined to become, one of ibe il.i N'tate, hnd vv ith ihiMe have coin-
great entrepots of. Utelerti coinuierce,
competing Willi IVun Urleans lor the trais , I't ing li.e, ( rst great work of imjjrov euient
of ll:e great West, unely Missouri must in the Statij. 'II. ig work is siicceiMully
take a interest, in profiling by ibe mult progressing, and if a lew more of the
of such competition. And that il will e- counties, vvbich are confidently expected
ventiiidly become a jdace of great torn-. t J so, slniil join tho( Association, there
meni.il importance, is uioie llian pmba-. will be no diii'ibf'thal lhis(bcutii'il, b;il
bio. The General Government itnb-- l-mg m glectq l stream, in ayery clviirMimc,
lisbing ihtre a great naval depot for ibe' perhaps during the present season, u illie
proledjiin' of the commerce of tlje'Valley made lit afford as good navlgitturii'as the
of the Mississippi and of the Gulf of Mex- Missouri. And, vv e woiild here urge irp
iqi, t has already expended and appro- on (he counties engaged and intertt'ed in
p rial id lothe naval rstablishmoul and mil- jtlio na igiitioi atuj .impro.venient ol" ibis
ititry (lefi'iices of 1bal place, rather mm 0 i sir earn, not lo relax in ibeir laUsisbJv t-x-llian
(wo and a half millions of dollars ei lions, till' they have completed their
and; its salubriou climate, coiniiiatiding work finli!erit, iis we are; that '(bf C..11-
sitnaliim and great harbor', so sale, beau- I
lifnl and commodious, have long attracted,
geppriil altenlioh,' The Georgia, Alabama.
bmJ Florida railroad eompaiiy cuuleiriphite
extending (he main trunk of tbuiri rail--ia(s':
porth, ihrough Montgointry,' llie
seat of government of Alabama, to be'9011-
necled with the railroada first spoken of,
1 1 :.... v . .
tint) (villi tranche into GtMirgi i,'so as to;
cottiitite ihem ' Part of 'ili; fcr'eal Ku
,fttd '.slein. Dieyluive iheiiiorialiZfi1
Cong re for a grant of alternate section
of fhe public limdsVl'or ijf ml'M ti Ide on
(fatli sjdo'of iheirViail anif it tr'at'eijes.
The coauniite on Naval Affair have re-
'jiortrd favorable to llie grant, turret her w ill
aiirfor ihal jiiosel wtiftwrtlirtilij.
. :ii ..1 1 r t ; t,
bly soon beooine Jaw.
J'li:'il :,! i
. . I ' ! .. I I. .
J " raitroiHi iroio ensgcoia qomptetrti
ami inai iiuriivr wtn on me rectaua o
miioli of lbWiurtilui :trodue(i of Trnnb.
OP XV AXtSAy4 "MISSOURI,
eo ami Kentucky iy !way f tliekB.eon
teeiiTi ro:nli, hs well n of Illitml. accn
iMiilatcit ums lier cotltemjiluted I'd nd frum
CbicHB Ciro,. Biul iilso of Indiana, all
conveyed down 41! the earliest perincY, e en
before I he first uliipmeiili to MOrlenn? J
nnd ihitt the prochtels of MisHonri be kept
bark' by l!ic ie ol' winlcr clositip 'alike
our !re.ni nnd the fiirest prospect of
our (igrk'Mlttiral cmntnttnity ? . ..,.,(
Ihit thimpli all mny lie fi.tisfied of the
iniliiy, prnL'ticitl'ility add ttretit importance
o!" tlic proponed rai!ri.ul, llie qiietioilfi na
t;Ni!!y uri-c, bow sbnll the work be itc
complixfied ? bow bull llie mt aii be ob
tained ? 'l'l'ii'oiit'iiliiiM, ccili8lilutii (j but
aii ini onsideriibla jirrlioti of tlie citizens
liileresled in tliia wcirk," bnve, in tbi re-
sped, much hesitancy in expressing their
country.' Such action, as productive
I'''! either ly inuaiis iialit idiialU coinbiu-
mem i;d the liiiprovniienl of ihia rivr il
miction of this proposed railroad will in
no w ise lieti'aJ frmh il,e' mportaii'ce'of it
,' " ' ' ,' ; ' ' . " ' .ll ,
oetng jiuwo jnore, iayigaite,. , ...t
: . Ah regard any ex pent ied ssitance from
ibe St at a in the const rim ion of this road,'
we al present do not anticlpnte' any fur
ther aid than her limited mean will Mil-
illy allow Vel'V1 i"K ll'al State, like"
individuals, should litt ficur,tuc) jndobl-1
'-.- .1. ' W I : , i ...
ednes n a vxill ta likely la involve. Oiem.
in future embarrassment, unless impelled
to do ao by the tron;est'neeeHity atid we
see no nidi fiecefsttjf nt present.' N ;
Ve impose, however, foWlfte legis
lature of this State to grant i ch irtero
inilii idiiiils, and 11U0 to inemoriidijle Con
ire,,ror granj uf a portion if jlie pul.
iie lands along ijjq.rouie,, ,j s, .,.,l '
Whether these land should e grjnted
'o a company upon condition tlmt they will
complete lh r ntire route io eMi!lime,
SATUlinA Y MORNING,
and ifurt they will carry the troops,'mtini
liofis of 'war, and other lrahpnris of the
Govertimgnt free of charge, as is' asked
by fhi Georgia,' Alabama and 'Florida
railro.iH cpmjiany, or Wbelhtr lliey should
be granlei! lo llie Slate1 lo be applied as
part owner of the stock, is a matter wor
thy of due consideration but perhaps
would nol be very material as regards the
success of Ihe Work. Bui n strong confi
dence is entertained that if Ibe proper in
itiatory stepsnre taken, a reasonable fcriiijl
can be obtained seeing no prineijde' 'or
policy intertening to prevent V. '' It is
Iriie that ft considerable portion of the peo
ple of the tinioti adhere lo the doctrine "thai
the coViiJiint'orf does not confer oh tbe
General f?'nt6rnmrnt tbf power lo com
mence nnd carry on n general syfcm of
Interhftl Improvement,"' and in lliis doc
trine, a majority,' at least, of thh? conven
tion, mosi heartily enuenr. Adherirg lo
a strict construction of that sacred instru
ment, believing thereby the constitution
itself and the proper limitation of its pow
ers will be bel preserved, v e say, w ith
the illustrious Jackson, that no appropria
tions for internal improvements (merely
(or Ibe sake of improvement) whU-h are
nol general and national, but Wnl in their
chnrarler, should be made by the general
Government. . . ,
. . . . , 1 1 . . - , -
1, A grant of land along; llie .route . would
not be adverse .to there principles. The
ceneral eovrrnirtent as owner of these'
lands, Jike any other properly bolder can
dispose of the same lo uhoin.at such price
nnil in,uch manner as policy mny dictate.
To donate, a portion for t Jin purpose of en
l'aiicinr ibe value of other portion, lias
loiig been infrequent practice. Albany, in
fact, vviih much reason, assert, that these
lands should be ceded lo the Slat' a hen
the general government has been re-en-,
bnrscd for the expense of acquiring and
snrv ej ing them.
Ihil the enquiry naturally arises, wheth
er if even , a liberal grant of land can be
procured, will capitalists invest a sufficient
nnioiinl of their funds irt the work lo com
plete il ? It is confidrntly ( lliongbt they
will, especially if such grant be made I o
a chartered. company upon the conditions,
above suggested, Assurances are already
given from different quarters of the readi
ness of capitalists to invest a considerable
amount, nnd when the1 subject 'shall be
come mora fully investigated, and. under--stood
letter abroad, and the immense (fade,
which hi ust eventually be transported on
this route li foreseen, it is presumed the
slock vv ill he readily taken.
Many well informed individuals ;eonfi
dently believe that ihq trade ol the Pacific'
mid the Atlantic, ' will al a period nol far'
distant be connected, eithe by means of
the proposed rail road to Oregon,, or by
connecting lie water, of the .Missouri
with the Columbia, as predicted SO years
ago by Missouri dUtingushed Statesman,
Col. Beh'tol). Tbi aroinplisled, and our
Jfllew ill tecome the trcoi thoroughfare
of the. commerce of continents ! Moi gi
tins route a roiistderuble portion of this
commerce will naturally and necessarily
pass, and add !o ibis Ibe friifle for 'the
transportation of which (Ins colilr minuted
- ' -'-,' '"i 1 ti' 1 ii' - ' ,f ,
road i particularly intended,, and w hat
ntbor, route will I e more inviting fur tl'e
investment of capital ?' , t! '
Tills bropnved route vv '.11 extend almut
three hundred mile . iriiciuiiljy iJirongli
llie interior- through land, a poitioft onfn-ket'bceims inMspeniab!e,and no ob
which are the richest In the world other I jeci'sh'ouW tiiore eiirefuliy oxoipy ihi at-
t)orlhms ab'onnding in thd Vlcht1! ifihics1 of
various iiiineraii, a no along neigiimirlioixt
of valuable pineries,, "Ihis raijrqaij vv quhf
-..1 .1 ' ...1.. e .1 '- -1
ciuuiocn Kirnuj vaiua oi me pilolic
land wnhlu ita iiifluence alotig Jr, ,r 1 rie
whole ' three Juintlrei!' jn'bMj' alid' liing
tin in sooner jnlo market, cohsetjueiilly. (he
geperul government would 1 giduer. jn
pecuniary point of view, by grunting'
rcirshtrnble' portion of fhrtrt,' antl ' jutice
w ould eem ict'ually ttt deitiiii.il ihuf'sugh
grant slioufd be inade, '' W' xv y'utl -
dopv ilie jimprewiy. , langurageof . Mr.
Cast,: who ill' bis placfc so. Ltjlialor cieclar-
d'"lha Ihe' government ' a - great land
fiolder of (ha w est, can"' appropriate 0 Jiojr.
Iiou. ofjlhe'ae lamU fur llie jfurjiose in
teroal iroprovwjnUi i It' j pow.tpo U
..'.. o'.-fc : -.1. . ',.-,. I
'JULY; 1 , 1849.
lo oppose a policy which has been acttd
ort for above ti half a century1. " The pio
neers, lo' w hom the Cotinlry is indebled for
the erection of a great empire in (he west,
are tertaihly entitled lo he treated justly
nnd equitably ; and il was only justice and
eqnify lliey'sought. Very little bail yet
heenj done as a recompense for Ibe priva
tions and labor by which ibis had been ef
fected.", If Congress intends acting equitably to
wards the Slates in whit lithe public land
lie, Missouri may yet ex peel considerable
grants. Ohio has. received for the pur
poses of internal improv ement, 1,180.192
acres, Indiana 1.CC9.S59 acres, and Iowa
lias received 250.000 acres f r the im
provement of the Dcstnoines river be
sides l:er 600,000 grant.
Happily, the action of the present Con
gress indicates a disposition to do justice
(o the western States in this respect. A
bill passed the Senate, granting lo Illinois
alternate: sections for 11 miles wide on
each side of llie route, for the purpose of
aiding in the .construction of a rail road
from the Mississippi lo the lakes, which
w ill probably beome a Jaw, as well as the
hill heretofore referred lo granting lo the
Georgia, Alabama and Florida rail rond
company, the same amount together with
other similar ; bills ; and we again repeat
our belief, that a similar grant will not be
withheld from us if the proper initiatory
steps are only taken to procure it.
. Lei al interests (hen unite in promoting
this most important work. . AH are deep
ly interested in doing so, and more espe
cially ihe agricultural community. They
who expect lo realize profit by the pro
ductions of llie, soil, can. hut , seldom real
ize those expecllionv without ready fa
cilities of taking llieir. surplus to market.
1 ..Anions (lie last admonitions of the, late
Silas Wrigjit jilway o correct in his ob
servation on human actions and human in
terests, he with philosophy, mid truth tie
claresto bis fellow .citizens, that .'the ac
tive stimulus, which urges all forward,
excites industry, awaken .ingenuity, and
'.wings out invention, is the prosptct or
hope of a market for . the poduction of
their labor. The farmer produces to sell;
and the manufacturer alines! es lo sell.
Self consumption oftheir respective goods,
although an. indispensable necessity of
life,, is a mere incident in the mind im
pelled lo acquisition. - To gain that which
is 'possessed is the great stiuggle of la
boring num.: ',.!, i r . 1
. 'AgTicu,.tiireuwill never be liealllifiilly
and profitably prosecuted, by him whose
controlling object U his ow n consumption.
All who labor ure equally stimulated by a
prospect of a market which is lo remuner
ate ihem for their toil rind--' w itho.it this
luipe"neither mental aeiivlty nor physical
ch'Tgy will thnritcteriSte ibeir exerlxns.
-'' If (hi surplus' forvvhiih there is no
market, is leA upon llie hand of the farm
er, his energies are paralized, hi spirits
s'uili; ahl he aean't'ly' tVes that ihe year
llirtl' aAde'd lu hi gsilla. He see but little
encouragement lo toil oft, to en hi vote be
yond Ids' wants, f roilt:d'iu'ii'that wiil not
sell; and Ihe chance are that his farm Is
neglrtted, his htisbon1ry?bad, and his gains
ill fad lii --i:' i,
' 'To cnnliJiti a' progmaiv sljte of sg-ra-'AItHre,'
theii.'and to give enerpy pnJt
jirosperlty, to litis great and vital branch
of htihiin industry, lieahhftil and tal le
fenlhm' tf the ' farmers I of the- United
Slit.-' 'v '' ""..t' s.'t ;
h" Theh w e'easl our eye upon tli map of
onr common 'republic, and trace there'lhe
numerous works of thi kinJr 1 ready
fothple'ed, as well as'the"viirioii"other 1
which the nct'ive ' tncTgi' of our fellow.'
citizen in the sUYer Male's ire bringing
rapidly forward when we eontemplale
tbe iinmei.se besring wlikdi this woils
must necessarily have upon cur ftilure
deliiiie-i-y affording ihe means' of raji
td iniercominii'iiicutioii flirougli all parvssif
tliu't-ounlry ariil 0 coiiseijiiini' lie'althy'er
cid.lioh of ult Ihe great" and varied' inler
is ilrengirie'nfng the energle of pro
ductive industry) by giv ins; tu h trader
srid producpirlta clino,' af diflVrei.f oir-
11 -.nn-t )
keis accelerating that oclal inWrcpure
whioh fhcrishei' fraternil feeling of all
for all enabling oi)r cijizen soldiers, in
time of war, to conccntrafe themselves at
desired points',' with a celetily that w ill
lell an ienemy that liis'fo6tste fan never
be imprinted oh ouf toil thus giving ihe
enduring years or time lo the Union, and
rUcing before all, fhemean of continued
prosperity -arid then, heh wjk j urn to
our own Stale, and behold here not a sin
gle work of the kind behold our people
enjoying only the channels which Nature
has afforded (hem we feel a natural im
pulse urging us on lo maae a beginning in
ihe advancement of. our great anil cMpmon
interests' No Slate has greater induce
ments to do so than Missouri Nature
has made it her great lore-hoile!'of the
material of wealth and' prosperity; and
why not take step to enjoy' ihe great Ad
vantages so bountifully ilet before us ? i
Ly Telegraph for ihe SI. Levis Republican.'
l'onxrcttsioi4tt , -
Vasiiinoton, June 15.
SmnU. Mr. Beht'oii's joint resolution
relative to the transportation of ihe troops
al tie cud of. the. war, was Liken up. Mr.
Cameron offered all amendment' granting
three mouths extra' pay 10 each soluier.
Tie amendment'., was willidra-jy n, aj flhe
original bill as in'roducei was passed.
The bill to. extend the naturalization
laws was discussed, and tinr.lly laid side
On tnotiori', the order of llie day, viz :
(be lndiari ' Appropriation! Dill wa taken
up and discussed. ... The Senate, however,
ailj. turned without taking any action on (he
. m . ,
. IIwge of Tieyiresfhfuices. Mr Hu'iim s
asked leave toimrodiice a bill reduciig
the mileage of members. ' " ' 1 ''
Jn moi ion, the House resolved itself In
to Coinliiiltee of the Whole lip tin the Na
val Appropriation' I?iU. . An; amendmejit
providing for carij nig oijt ,4h la.v of last
session relative to the Jocks el" Philadel
jihin and Ponsacola, was. negatived,, and
the bill was ordered to be engrossed.
On motion, ..the I louse , adjourned,'
! "' . "': WasHixcTo.'June 16.E
The Senate ratified to-day the "tr'eaty
Willi New Grenada.' The right, of way
across the Isilnmis of Panama f secured.
1 he Prcridciil sent in (he following no-
' , .1. . 1 ...-"-j.,. 1 v
iniualioiis : .iii . .
, Isaac Toncey, for Attorney Qeperal.
Hon. A. P. Ilagby, Jlinister to Russia,
vice '.Mr. Ingersoll recalled.' " 1 1
' Tbe Vice President laid before the Se
nate n communication from Mr, Bagby,
resicning his seat. ' ' oi 1 s
. The order of the day, 1he Private Cal
endar, w as the taken up.' ' ' " '
Nothing nf interest was dolS,.,,t q
; Hume of iV;)ieipfiVw'--,wa engaged
during, (he day, in (he Consideration nf the
Formication Bill."'" ,' " '' 5
' Nothing deffiiiteAvas Aomf.V '''"
' '' a-1 ' ' -i ?-;'' ' : IV 1 iiitd
n.-. vi... - , Wbixctoi, Jijne; 17
. The. Senate. v as engaged during, the
greater part of, the day in the considera
tion of private bill; ' 11 1 "l
'" The' House," nit' rtiotrrm ;of Mr.1'' Roclt
w ell, resolved itselT inlo Cowniiltee of the
W hole upon private bilUjmd (ifter oie
limenprpt lt;rjn, the coii.mi'tee rose and
rcportetl, and the (louse, adjourned.
' NEWS FROM MART INKJVE."
The ' arrival of the Crtri- ft'ettAm' fur
nishes tu with new from Martinique of
the mosl appalling character. " On Ihe22d
May, llie sl.ie lndaTisen and tna)icred
laiiit'ltKt of Ihe bile,ii(abt(ai, inclu
ding u'litut-n, and eliil'lien,;(..Thy
burned and destroyed their properly lo a
great amount. '' - . ' - ;' 7"; 1-'"
The Governor. of 'ihfe 'IsJsnd' nd a
F'rerich ni'i tfvifnr iynvg iii lb luirwe at
the lime did nut Viterlijr, )"r; cy 1UM
aohliery lo slay, J.le jnsjirreclion,,,,. f (
The last packet state ffair lo be more
Irar qiiil, but alt bnsinest was suspended.
, 1 ii.'i.igmiij.', iu n ui7it,i, '4.
En:. ?tsf. . '..-1 . 1 j ; .n:
Sl .'..-.. 1.1... ll ' A." 1 -
, There ar noy foriy-five hundred mile
if railroad , in ( operation' in the United
Mate. 1 ne rirsi conrucica wis iu isxi,
at Quiney, JIa,. ' f- : '
Make j ourV-f aR lioiiej-, iiiid'yoo w
soon titnl Hies to devour jou, saith the pi
J - 1 : ',' ,
'The Mohtgotfcrji ' JstitiosJ ;y liter)
ihrse thousand ltut ,1 rfi of tit Order
of the bone of..Teiof.eiaiif e in A!..! ..i-;a.
Many ller I 0 lli .t ! y i.b ' wi:h
llieir iitoiif )' but is j i....wi. e. '
' ' ' - . ,. , 1 , (