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The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, March 06, 1875, Image 1

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-^Sf^^VBBSi??rRf Editor and .Tr^?JrjLetor.
-.-.-,-f.{
?^TJlliTp"''.!,?"'0 1 ORANGEBURG, SOUTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, MARCH 6, 1875.
-^ ... ,-.,,rrf.-.n;t::^.-jj;r : -;" ' ;?--. .?'-"?v-:? to--.
A Weekly Paper Devoted to .Toihperance, _ Xiiteratuxe and Politics.
NUMBER B?.
Ut AX.MONT DAUSES.
Burn low, ob light, and l<\t t?:o darkoo** in t ?'. .
I-rt silence bo warre fitful rounds have been ;
JAS? poul to body bo no moro a mite ;
Let eaoh, too tired, bo sweetly den?tate.
Yea, let the Boni, o'en as ? too-loved brido,
Tarn gently fror? Ha sacred body's eldo ;
I/> ve'B? umber inore than love ; turn and be still,
Now that they both, or not, have had their will.
What matters it i tiler both aro tired to de'alh'.
They, married with tho breathing of a breath, ?.
Would cather np'tho feet ?nd bo nt reet,
Content to be oblivion? of tho best ;
And happlor HO all discord to elude,
All biltor pain, m that great FoMottudo f
That reaches llko a-HM, cool. lcmuitc.*
O'er folded baud* and lips to Toowory ?weet.
A rea of granny wavca^ foato-frinrjod with flow'rn,
Tho tenderest gift of any of our*} ;?
For lo, tho last of all, with floral wile
Wo woo the mutest thing, the grave, to sniilo 1
If ono goos gladly at tho close of tho day,
: '.^'nts all tho playthings of IIJB world away '
Palls down tho cut lain, lays lila aching ml"
And weary body on a downy bed.
Divested of all care, but robed in Bleep,
Vol any one wlU uni:o lt ca?en to weep ;
Then af tor. QUO sigh, if thorobo no breath, ? ?>
Whjjlt^^?lndUtr'ttiuii the nlcop of 'death?
O soul, we each have wearied ! IJOI UH turn
Both brea*t from brea?!. There is no more to learn.
There .way be dawn beyond Hie midnight's pall,
But now BWcct reel 1B botter- best of ali;
HETTIE'S TXRST VALENTINE.
Ii ?wasglover's ? mao! ing*? a J overo'
parting, when Robert Grey, walking
aoroBS the liebln in Ibe summer twilight,
found Hettie Holmes at the stiio wait
ing for bini. ' .There was no-light'rn^lier
eyes when they caught Bight of his tall,
strong 'figure. coming toward, her, no
smilOjOn her lips whon lie "stood noar
hor waiting frr her to speak. Humbly,
. yot scarcely with the humility of a
lover, he looked into" the faco beforo
bim, so very young and Mir, BO Btern
and pale. Sbo looked at his handsome
face, bis talbformy.and a ahuddfcr shook
her from head to foot. Very small,
verjr slight, .there was yet a dignity in
.ipr voice and look as'she s'Aid 'in alow
tone : -I .. VJ-J...-. ?.!
" I came to meet joh once more, as
. yolr?reqn?s4;ed', Ttohert,' bdt you must
not think to moya, mo from my .r?solu-,
lion." '
if/ You cast mo off, then,'.'he said,
Badly and very, .very bittorly.
; "vJt.is^ypur qwiv apj.1,'; :
" But, Hettie, I'r,m not tho only man
who sometimes takes a glass moro than
is good for him," be'pleadod.
*' You are the only man that could
work mi? tory-to me by drunkenness." she
.urfiM. Mi.^i;];'. ??jd Morok'. -il?JsrZalLl
-r-ovd, Robert- but it ia n twio one. *|
You were taken homo from the ball on
Thursday evening helpless from int?xl-f
cation."
"I3nt, ITettic, it was a ?o?tivo time;
AU tho y ming men were mora or ICBS
ii vii^ tho iuiluonoo of liquor."
" No', all, Robert. Thank Heaven,
?orne bf tho raothors and wives i^ .o
?pnred that anguivb." .-Sv
M Cornu, Hettie, don't bo too hard i}n
i"?- _J.t -^?es.urvtli^vxT-^-.-^f>iif-sothv3ifi''
"jt has happened once too of ten,
-Robert, for you and for me. I. told
yon I would nevor marry a man who
used liquor, and I will keep . my word.
How often hare you deceived me I will
; not ask. Thursday evening I. saw
you."
"It shall not happen again, Hettie;
upon my honor, it shall not !"
"Will you sign the-pledga?" she
asked, a hope for the first time lighting
her soft brown eyes.
"Bind myself that way ! Nc*!, Yon
must trust me, Hettie. I think ft m rm
pigna himself a coward, when he puts
his naroo to such-*- paper,, as- if ho was
afraid of his own resolution."
-VTwice you havo frosted to your res
olution, and I have truoted you. Twice
yo? ii ave failed1 to keep your promise."
The young voice waa hard and btern
again. But a moment later Hettie
opoko in a gentler voicp.
"Robert," sho said, "you have
known me only-ns a nursery . governess
to Mrs. Reid's children, an orphan and
alone in tho world. Your love' was a
generous one, for.you are abovo ina in
position, have Wealth, and might marry
n fnr handsomer and richer girl thnn I
am."
"I Joyeyou," v/ns the*u implo reply,
and thero we.ro tears in Hettio's eyes, as
Bhoheardit. ^'Clf-si
"Because I believe you .lova rac,
Robert, -I; will tell you what I hoped
m i ht ne vor havo beeu known here. (My
. homo is so far away, all I loved tlioio
ho?yo been dead for throe weary , yosrs,
and'X hoped tho saree might bo buried
forever. But, Robert, listen, my father
died a drunkard's death after living a
diunkard's' lile for- fourteen years. 1
con romcmbor, though dimly, a hand
nomo house, my mother hnndimmn and
happy, woli dressed, with ovory com
fort within lier reach. I can well re?
ruotnbor tho gradual downfall from ono
homo to another^ eitch pooror than tito
?t\;:t, tho Warm, comfortable clothing
growing ^nhbier'm>d shabbier, tho
bountiful fabio growing moro und more
Meanly* Worst of all, Bobort, eliild oe
I was, I .could seo^tHc" chango from a
aoblcj upright manhood to tho brutality
ol a drirakardiw-I havo seen my.inothrr!
cowering Under blows, while I shrank
and shivered in a hidden corner. I
have seen little brothers and sisters,
one ititi r another Inid^in rudo coffins/
victims of want and sufiering. I have
neon my mother die, bidding mo caro for
the driveling, prematurely bid man,
vailing inio his second childhood from
drink. The" end came when he died
Taving in the niadnoas of delirium tro
med?, and when I ?urned my back upon
his grave I made a vow to my heart
that sooner than tie my life to the
" But, Hottio, that /waa an extreme
e.r.HO. Your father was, you say, the
slave of drink, TtvydU never be my
>UBH\nr,'J - ?
-i-?--7--. L i? : ? -
V Rna your.nmster now, since twice it
bas made you break,a solemn pledge to
rae." ' . - i . v'
'' Bnt,! Hettie. oan?fc.you understand t
A man may take occasionally ,a little
more perhaps"than his head can bear,,
and yet neVdr fal! intb the pitiable state
?ou have, described. Heavens, Hettie I"
o oriedimpatiently, his tempor paling
under tb? steady resolution of'the face
that could bi so gent?o and sweet, "you
pay-,mo a poor compliment when you
want mo to bind mysolf by a written
please hot'to make a.beast of 'myself:"
"I did not como hero to; exchange
compliments," said Hettie, sadly, "but
to toll you that I wilinever fak? up th?
urden that o rushed my motlier into
her grave, voluntarily? . Never-with my
eyeB open will I Knk my lifo with that
of a mau who ever touches one drop .of
liquor. :It ia use) ese to. repeat the old
arguments, Robert." Moderate drinkers,
occasionally intoxicated,' may1'live for
years only moderate drinkers, but I will
never be; tho wife pf ?ny. man who has,
not bound himself by a pledge never to
touchliqn?i in any form. ; : ( ;
" A total .abstinence fool 1". * queered
Robert, now thoroughly angry.
"A total abstinence man," shu said
flrraly.' I i - . .T A
"I hope you-will, bo able to find the
soft fool who will put his manhood un
der your' thumb. * For myself, I will
never hind myself. >to a temperance
"What 1" ho argued, "shall T, the
richest mau in M--:, who could marry
almost any girl in my own set, bind my
self io absolute slavery foi' a nursery
governess, a girl who has hot one penny
beyond the.salary Mrs. Reed pays her,
a drunkard's child, by' her own confeB
B.on? Never ?"'
Ho waa- very angry, and like most an
gry men, very unreasonable. He forgot
to thinkjpf the long courtship by which
Hettie was won, of the gentle maidenly
reticence that had been enc of her great
est charms, of her own modest estimate
of the merits that 'had1 won hint, "He
forgot the times .without number when
he had compared her in hil heatt with
all the maidens ho knew, finding her
even prettier, sweeter, more winsome
than any. He forgot how he loved her
in his angor at her resolution.
And Hetty, . walking slowly home
ward, realized; t^a? with her own hand
she had th?ai$^R3? brightness out of.
hard lifo. ~;Sbo^?"ved Robert. Not; be
canso ho was -nob, could'give h?y:a
WOa'th; had f<ho loved h?ui, but for his
teador ohivalr^ for h?r,'h?H noble int'ol
hoj;ibis 'ovingreyes that had spnght
her >wn with such constant devotion.
She had behoved bim all noble, 'true
and .manly when ah o bad put'h?r > little
bond, in ids strong ono and promised to
be hisy/ife. -
Six Si iff months of betrothal 'bsd
paoFcdjbeforo tho summer ovoning
when (slip-turned from bim, na''she
-though^,'.forevers .-And inly in the la?t
''few weektf had she knows of tbat fear=
ini,"d<?idi^ foe to :her hope of happ??
ness who was fastening his fatal hold
upon her lover. ^The first tine she?
heard of Robert Grey intoxicated, a
deadly despair grasped her heart. She
thought of Hfe-long martyrdom from
which she had. escaped BO littled time
before, and abe wrote tov her lover
sternly forbidding him to see her again,
and thfn spent night after night weep
ing for her lost love.
But.Ribert Gre7, would not accept
his dismissal, and pleaded so penitently
that love conquere^ fear, and Hatt-o
believed that neVe7i- again would he
yield to tho temptation. Again the
story oamajta ber, and half maddened,
m-.-., iii ii if- to/believe the solemn pledge
^fljP' jjfefilfifo begged him io como to
Uer^Sd^SplaTn-away the lie. But thc
third tim? elie had a en him I Too well
she knew what the red, wild eyes, the
thick utterance, tho reoling step betok
ened. Only in answer to tho most earn
est petition had she nerved herself to
grant one more' interview, and it had
ended in Robert's anger and the failure
of her own lost hope.
,She knew Robert Grey had a sense of
honor as kctn aa her own. That he
had failed in bis promise to her was
booDusebe looked upon it as a pledge
nu rdy givon to answer a girl's foolish
whim. Once bound beforo. men .by a
written pledge she folt sum he would
keep it afc. whatever cost to himself. So
she hoped to win him to sign suorrn
pledge. Thoro was a strong temper
ance rovival in M-at that very time,
and on this eho built a hopo hot know
ing it was her weakest bold.
For Robert Grey, young, wealthy
and popular, looked upon all this tem
nofft?icff preaching nu diwwited against"
tlfeiowcr olassi th . sots who rolled in
'gutters, tho frcqnontors of villago tav
erns. That ho, a gcutlomni, should
phico his narnu to such aplodgonn those
wretches woro porauudod to sign,!
sec nu d to him in a measurn to. place
himself upon their level. Theiv, as li?
told FIi ttie, ifrwaa a confession of wc.uk
ticfn against which ali of his manhood
revolted. .
The summer days woro- away, and
^hrso two, loving each othor fondly,
met but fcoldom, only to oxchonge con
strained greetings. Hettie sniTored
most in her quiet, uneventful life ; but
sho had-been educated in a hard sohool,
and boro her pain patiently. : She grow
paler, and moro quiet, but there was
none tonptiee any change. While ehe
?vas faithful to her duties to alis.
Reed's nursery* Ehe was eure of ahorne;
and if there was no love there but tbat
of the children she taught, so, too,
there was np one Lo comment upon ht>r
languid step or pale cheoks. Jf she
?pent many nights in "toop ng, no one
Bought an explanation so long BE
Marv's grammar was reoitcd, and Alice
said'hor A B O's.
But wbon tho wiataf mi lat Hetti?
t< '-????? ? - ' -_, _ ? _
had another wrench at ker hen rt- * t linns.
Without a word of farewell, Robert
Grey left M- to travel. No one knew j
exactly upon what errand the young man \
had gone. He had been in business, and j
had .left that with an agent, giving no ,
hint of when he would retnrn, or whither j
he was bound. Orphaned, wealthy, and j
free,.he had no permission to seek, bis .
anne caring for his house as ehe had ]
dono since his mother died in itifanoy. 3
Hettie had not realized how hope had i
still, been strong in her heart until <
Robert was gone. While Bhe could see i
him, though they met almost as Btrang- -
exe, she prayed and hoped still that be <
would retnrn to her, and give hor the .
pledge he wonld value'most os his safe- i
guard. Bat he had gone in anger, and
tho little governess looked a very hope- i
less future in the face. ' She was a
woman whoBe love, not oaaily won,
would be given for a life-time, and no
thought of another, to roplaoe Robert, 1
ever came to her faithful heart. She
had given him np because she thought
duty demanded the Baorifioe, but she
could never cease to love him. Winter
festivities loft her often alone. Mrs.
Reed took tho children to their. grand
mother's for Thanksgiving, and again
for Christmas wook. In all 'this time ;
Hettio was left in ob argo of tho house.
Somo Christmas .gifts were put upon
her dressing table, testifying tho chil
dren's lovo and Mrs. Reed's anpreeia- i
tion of lier oare; but though Hettie val
ned these highly, they could not lill tho
dreary void in her heart.
Sometimes in her lonely weeping she :
questioned the resolution she had
thought only duty, wondoring if her .
sternness had driven Robert moro into
the. path sho wished him to avoid,
whether her influence might not have
Baved him. Then.?be remembered hor i
mother's prayers, her patience, her i
pleading, -end felt how powerless a wo
man is when drink is ker rival. i
January wore away, and Febrnary
was half gone, when ono morning Alice '.
Reed, in the midst of her babeB, ex- 1
claimed : i
"It is St. Valentine's day, I wonder ?
if I shall have a valentine !" i
"Papa will bring the mail at dinner," i
said ten-year-old Mamys gravoly. "I
know consio Ben will send UB a valen- i
tine ; he always does." i
" Will you hav? one,- Miss Hettie?" j
ciuestioned Alice. ' .. j
"No, darling,.I think not," Hettie
said, emil in g.
uer, hud tho chdSren mobed otu. tb
raeot him, Holtie l?o?rd him Buy :
'.Take this'-letter to MieB Hettie,
Mamy." .>'' .
A letter foj hOT.'J There was no ono
in the'wide'world/to write a letter to
Hettie, except-. dA/wild hope ppranor
in her heart. Cou:^. Robert have w.it
ten? \
Ic wa" a bulky letter, and Mamy,
ooger to Buef'if^?!^?- ftdher hod a valen
tine- for her, Joft Hettijb alone to open it.
t is*letter, closely ;wri't en, was ioBide,
end folded within this a temperance
pledge, and at the foot of it the bold
BigiUtnVe, " Robert Grey."
The letter was Hetiie'e first love-let
ter, and I have EO right to intrude upon
her piivaoy j but in the spring, Robr?t
Grej came back to M- to find In's
bride, who put her hand in his, loving
ly, trustingly, won by the love that had
prompted tho sending of her first valen
l*n?* - . .
The Suez Canal.
A lotter from Cdro to the Eastern
Bndge*, dated the "1st December, says:
" The present stile of the Suez canal is
far Ifom satisfactory. Tho canal is
neither completed nor in good repair,
and if inatterB are ieftas they , are ot
present it wilt becomo uj&less in a .few.
years. It is broad eriorfftft to accommo
date three steamers abreast, bnt its
depth is fo variable tba*, ot? ship only
can pass through it at a time. Whf n a
vessel comes from Suez tbe ships c rm
ing from Europe must wait at Port Sud,
and if the chip getsapronnd on the sand
the whole communieition is stopped
nntil it is set afloat again. This, of
courso, canses groot injury to trade, and
complaints aro freqnont. The chief
cunee of the evil is thi> want of money.
The Eogliph, who uso tho o vnol moro
than any other notion, havo long been
thinking of ge tl ing the cionl into their
own hands, brit a majority of two-thirds
of tho shareholders is ncc36sary in order
to chungo tho management, and as thc
viceroy ?B tho possessor cf one-third cf
the F h aros,-ho has practically tho o ?st
ing vote. It ?B into that ono third of'
tho share'; aro a'so in ino possession of
Englishmen, bnt tho ottompts which
huvti been nuum lo indue j the vicei'oy
to dispose r f his hharoi have hithorto
b en fruitless. Tho khrvlivo ovidontly
feared that Enalind will, hooom,* too
j owerful on 'bo cinol, und thrroforo
worcrn the Hiatus quo. As for Bf, Do
Dragons, ho contin?es to send protests
ty Constantinople about tho canal duos,
and h's finances aire becoming wor.-ie
everyday. The cod, of tho maint cOanoe
of the canal and (bo Iginp-works ia from
15,000,000 to ?20 000,000 francs a year,
wbi'e his total roeeip?? this year bave
only amonnted to30,009.000 francs, and
it vory upcaitain whether tnoy will
bo mamtaiuod ot, lhat figure. Mer
chants hero are unnnimoiu ly of opiuion
that something must be done to pre
vent thi?iiHeful work from beiug ruined,
and that M. Do Lesseps should either
be allowed grfaler freedom of action,
or be given an oppottunity of Beding
the shores to a new company."
-According to Kepeay, the surgeon
to the Austrian Polar expedition, ohoo'a
late, as a beverage, proved most .valu
able of a] I ; the preserved meat and
vegetables in tins being elso of the
greatest service in Bueta?ning the
atrsugth and npirit*.
-''--- - ' ' "
Tall 8erv?nts,
Mr. Conway, in bis last Commercial
eltor, aays ; " There ia no doubt that
?he English nobility have a way of cm
ploying servants whioh offers grand op
portunities to rogues. In most oases
?ho ?ntiide of the servants is the ohief
?bing. If tho coachman or footman is
jood looking in his livery and of the
.equirtd dimensions hie charaoter is
lot inq-iired into. ? A well-known duke
recently' advertised: for a fooimsu ol
?xaotly! five feet elevon and a hall
nobe.lin height, whose'Bolo business il
ivouhl Ve to stand at the back of hie
.onch beside another of like station.
?V. yout'i, now in the. employ of a ladj
jf my acquaintance, applied for tho ad
vertise:. : position; -and says that hil
?haraotjr. was not asked; for;, he wai
taken ii to tho sei vants* hall and meas
?ired, rind" dismissed for laeking thi
half ireh demanded by the duke
lb ero ? a passion,for tallness in ser
rants, and of one'noble family at least
it is a rule to admit no man servant
.uidcr B:X feet., There aro six of theet
smiuent personages ia their fi ne man
sion. The English servants are good
looking.', neat, and constitutional nun
keys nuil flunkoyesses. They aro vorj
dirowd, mid havo thoir class mles at
?voil defined as trades-uni o nu. Down
iug slr Tts doo3 not possess mort
ligeon holer; and red tapo than a man
don of ibo wealthy. An uppor house
maid wc nhl die at tho stake before she
would rm n bit of work that carno with
n tho province of tho under house
naid. V swell but 1er woult.- throw nf
tis pos'tion in the face of tho Lord
DhancolAor himsolf if ho were expected
o blnck his own boots. There arc
nany boys of thirteen kept in bras*
m I Lons, and in many an iustanco the
solo duly of this boy is to brush"thc
dothes ^and boots of the butler thc
mister of the house having his own
?oparat<_-, valet. Df course it is not
jride wj&ioh has made the inflexible
aws of i tiri netto among these servants,
iy wbjo?".they refuse to stop ont of ar
ifiicial 'groove of function. It is thc
letermiijcti?li ot their class to pre
leive'jtuNVjconventional number of the
ierva?fs A required lor any first-elasi
lousshp' p. They particularly ditdiki
?ervants^lfronL^other countries, espe
dully tb (Uermnns, because if,well pait
ind web. (featest they will do an} Mi i nj:
eq ueste, jif-them."
Effect of Exercise.
IL ft ot?i?fi by observation "(hid'Hit
iffoct of,p\-raining," or the persistent
iso of g-^nastib oxcrciscs, is to enlarge
he hortrjfc" and lungs both in size anet
lapaoit- v Archibald MoClaren, super
ntondeuf of tho Oxford, gymnasium,
mel author of " Physioei Education,'
nys^: '?fono of the army ofilc?rs suil
o mo fcAU,e instructed in gymnastic*
jained i' A* inches in girth around th<
i?SsSl ;?w?e?s than three month?." Thu'
Ids gr^th ;r, ?iot; -explainer.!' by tin
aero ?U?tiu'goniGnt nf the p*v?tior?Y
nnsclosj is .proved by tho inereasee
rolttmo.P? air which tho lungs rire -en
iblcd fcJexpire, as ?9 demonstrated bj
he spi romoter, and post mortem:
ibnndat tly show an increased capacity
is well i UH tizo in the heart and Jnrgi
dood vessels. The lungs.increase h
eDgth \nd breadth, forcing the rib:
ititwan and the diaphragm down wards
[t is foe this reason that athletes ane
fyranaeKs aro enable to make prolonger
md vioJfnt exertions without gettint
mt of yind. ?Th^ capacity of the hear
ind central arteries being enlarged
hey cnn accommodate more blood
Dheir contraetilo power being inereasee
>y this, now demand upon .them, the;
ire ens:bled to send on the curren
brough the lungs with increased ve
0 ci ty, and timo by their greater capac
ty are able to oxygenize the blood a
hst as it is supplied to them, and BO m
on gestion takes place, at?d no i neon
?en ie uno is felt. The normal eapaeit,
>f the lungs of an adult male in abon
100 cubic inches. It is computed tha
m enlargement of three inches aronui
he ehest gives au increase of lift,
ncheB of lung capacity.
By the Pacific.
Wbcu the titlo is cut, Panama lie
1 randed -an inlantl town. It look
?dd lo flee vast troops of buzzard
dackening hore aud thore tho sen
veeel-buc thoy are the scavengers, c
he tropics ; their lives protcotod b
aw, nntl thoir Bwift scent for carrion i
cally tho protrotion of tho people fiwi
niasmas that else, would coon be pc?ti
euee, j Panama is a denen little place
Juchit d upon a rocky peninsula juttioi
ntn thu Sea from tho bare of tuo vol
iamb 'A^eon.' Leaving tho pier, on
oJlowJi a rather struggling street, whicl
viuda; among negro huts, grog-shop*
md jnauy curious varieties of roi
?suite .-.nd live ??toek,'until it deliver
lim wii inn tho walls-no gates are visi
do, mr does ?ny ono exactly know whe:
m gt|B inside, ox'cSp; by a vague fool
ng that ho i* in---?h'r'o semblances o
?wiog a'id side walks appnar ; there i
m occasional corner with ils siele st reel
?ho I oiiKOs indu'go in verandac, some
?mer. of three stories ; epteer lookin
?horn- -including Horne where beef i
told by tho yarri-got thicker ; mulei
lonkoys, dogs, poultry, pigs, pioknnnii
lies, grinning gul? and turkey buzzarc
ibontod, anti horo anel thoro an ol
'burch ia pe?n, until, of a sudden, ya
?re in the pinza ; the cathedral, with i
; wo towers with their shell-ornamentei
pyramidal termini, on whose lofty sus
initn-as well as ia all inferior crevice
ledges, aud all other possible pine er,
jrress ts growing, and plants ate flou
iehi?g'and blooming with the most a
bonisning nonchalance, is on your loft
the not very magnificent state hom
and palnco of justice is on your righ
and beyond it is what is left of the ol
tvad vrhat is finished ol tho new "Gram
hotel of Tau amii. The- average travel
er finds little beauty ia,hia surround
ings ; bat there in a certain newness
about tho picture which' ploaees hirri-^
for the sc HBO of novelty i? a pleasure in
itself. -,
The. Polar Wave.
r The cold weat h or wo have been having
of late in these latitudes ia. ns thobalmy
breath of the jMny time' nv comparison
with what'they'llave'bean ?having in
Montana,- according to a correspondent*..
" Writing from Silver Bow,'in that ter
ritory, ho Bays'that tho prrivib?a mid
night the thermometer marked fifty-six.
degrees below zero. . Tbatwas.thonight,
when Chinamen and whisky froze, aa
r?por ted by telegraph. t| During a severo
cold snap, in Iowa > some years ago,
when the mercury ranged for many days
botwetu fourteen and thirty-six degrees
belowizer?. tho teamsters, used, tab-'it
was currently reported, before starting
on their long trips to liny a cgallon of
whieky, bore a hole through it and sling
it by a string to tho coupling pole of the
wagon; then they could knock off a
piece with a hatched when they wanted
a drink; The' Montana correspondent
tells of his success in freezing mercury.
A tumbler full of tho Ordinary fluid
metal was exposed to the air on a cold
night. At forty degrees by tue j&ex>-.
momoter it was still .fluid ; at forty-ono
degrees it had begun to barden on the
outside,' at forty-two degrees it waa
solid. Of courso spirit thormomotora
are employed there by weather observ
era. One of them, a very-careful nmn,
wishing to bo accurate, ordered a spirit
thermometer from New lork, to. "be
made with Special attention to correcL
ness in the scale. It o mo in due time,:
and was a very fino instrument, but waa,
only graduated to thirty degrees below
zero. The disgusted meteorologist pro-'
nounced it.a good enough Bummer ther
mometer, but not calculated for north- I
ern Montana. " '! ' lt Ci 'WV* '-vwM
-r--- I .
A Ch i ne so Comedy,
The Ban Francisco Call speaks of a
performance by a newly imported' troupe
of Chinese actors and gym?i?tb' aa: fol
lows : "Th? piece i prep'enteel watgvi?
dently in the low comedy Hue, judging
from tho great merriment of th? audi
ence, excited by tho dialogtie ; but the
leading features were tho grand military
spectacles, jugglery, and acrobatic per
formances. At difiefont Unies Chinese
J floldie/v. of tho old style, app&ared
j npbullie stag. . - ?;;.?.>'.-.. '"-r'cpy-^
or fifty, nnd exhibited tho ruodo o/war- '
fare wi iii spears and other ancient weap
ons. ' he fencing ezeroiseB and com
bats w?th the double swords display
marvelous dexterity and agility, and
demonstrate that the Chinaman on his
native heath, and with his own style of ~\?
weapon, 1s a dangerous antagonist.
Tho mode of combat with haters j. andj
mfat- choppers and the utility xii thej
onmberaomo^bjuj?boo shield are a?ecj
diepla;ed.^V$p? ??ajglcrj,'.whioh eon-,
a'ets in rnn?ing each" other tbimagh
with swords a&TfB*qrsr'b'raining . cntfj
another with moat-axes, etc., is rTOril)f-'.|
ing,- but rather ghastly in ito e fte ot, and '
most wond?rfull,deceptive. The'blood
is seen streaming down tho naked bodies
of the apparent victims in appearance
that is wonderfully real, and, after b;>
ing decently slain in one of the temuc
combats, it is quite surprising to ob
serve the deceased arise again, ai.d go
prancing off the stage with a meat
cleaver stuok in his skull."
A Parisian Extravagance.
Writes a Paris correspondent : "Fur
niture and utensils for doll houses are
in groat request this winter, and a Jarge
wholesale house that is exclusively de
voted to this branch of production has
dono a larger trade thiji year than ever
before. This house ouiplojs 60 hands,
male and female, all tho year round,
and turns ont this class of toys to tho
amount of ?80.000 per annum. The
chef post ? set* cf * furniture' turned ont
by this firm consists of a box made of
deal, a glass deoanter, two dishes, and
four plates of china, two glasses, a pew
ter dish cover, two knives, forks, and
spoons ; the whole for three sou?.
From thia price the lets mount up by
i (gular gradations until they reach the
nb.urd price of ?2d0; no fewer than}
six . sets' dolls' boure- ti : tings have boen
sold this winter by this firm at this
pi ire, Those miniature articles, care
fully arranged in cases of morocco
leather, consist of overy variety of ob
ject in silver, silver-gilt, fino porcelain,
sparkling crystal, doliente loather, cost
ly woods, ivory, bronze, silk, velvet,
?fea., tho whole thing hoing of the most
exquisito workmanship. Tho same
house Mills tho highest daises of dolls,
with their (rotisitcaux, nt tho modest
price of ?120 each."
OnioiK OF TH;: AYnarnnKB.-A poor
larmer ?D Buotlnnd, in 1750, finding it
id ino.-.t impossible to subaiat, took great
iain? to have h'n chihhin drive his
co v whore abo could eat the richest and
ihiekott grasp, to house her in the win
tor, ami to feed her with ci ref nil j -stored
hay; in fine, took unheard of caro of
his cow. The grateful animal rewarded
her owner with a fine calf and au UDUC
ml abundance of milk, aqd thus the
celebrated breed of Ayrshire cows was
producid, though it was not till about
tho first of the pr?tent century that it
was brought t> perfection.
-Human intellect, though irving in
oapacity in different individ?ala, nas ita
limits iu all plans of enlargement hy
acquisition ; Bnd these limita cannot be'
transcended without aggregate deterior
ation in distracting the attention; over
loading the memory or overworking Mio
brain and sapping tho foundations-of
health,*--Jacob Jiff/clow, ?Vt X>,
i-.-_ _ -L_-.
FACTS ANDJFANOIES.
-A Now York tuan waa recently sen
tenced to three monthB' imprisonment
for barbarously Miling n cat.
-CincincaSi gitlei refuBe to hie? their
beaux who 'were shaved by female bar
bers, and no tho enterprise waa starved.
-A. woman recently' died in Alabama
leaving, to Homebody, it is said, an inher
itance of no lesa thnn^ 267; ho'op-ekirta,
Tka*_wpmanwas aa well hooped as an
imported barrel ot French brandy,
-''Fd like to. giro Eomething to tho
poor,- remarked 6 Toledo 1 i?y, i " It'a
hard times- andthey must be-Buffoying?,"'
but Fve got to use thia $i0 to buy an
other switch. v.. ' .
-There's i nothing in women,. after
all. Gail Hamilton and George Sand
have both said they would willingly
relinquish their talents if tho eacriQce
would make them pretty,
ri - A gentleman by tho name of Har*
ott has been.haunting tho approaches,,
f? a cerc.iiu notepaper: ?ia?? in Sft?
Franoisco, looking, for tho editor who.
called his Clara (?ce Morris) a "Blondo
Bonanza."
..-Walk Whitman has begun to sing
khont tho cold weather. Warbioth
Wait : -
I howl a whoop,
And with the howlmeut of tho whoop I yip a
And^wlllia million ohUI-botinglod volua I bow
me to tho wintor'a aoyoroignty ;
O bit ormino breozo ! O qn?l?&aoino wave's! hod
V all oongloineralo olomjonta of gelid thiogqj \ !
"-An observant usher in ono of th.
theaters hu? got so he catt tell 'ti mon's
business by the way ho asks for pror,
gramme. A real'?state mon wants ft' '
" description of the play," a hotel pro-.
pHotor " the bill of faro," a politician
,wthe iran of'tho play," au editor 11 the
points of, tho plot.", and a lawyer al
ways aoka : " Will ypu bo good enough
to'hand mo a bill of particular? ?"
-In ono of thrv court?. intoiy;.there
was a long lind .heated disouscion be
tw'?en-th? o?unsel as to Whether a wit- '
noBs should be allowed to, answer tho
following question : 14 What did Mary
say ?" ? Three. judges took. ..nearly an
hour;to. decide tho point, and ut last
answered it. ! Tho question waa put to
tho witness by tho deioG-s", und tho
repl- " Vt ?uni sw'?et -" Not
' "....'! ; well-bred. nfiin .'
bbe^"t'jy io'bo pleased ; it atiybody tries
to astonish th^m they fcavo thocoiutef-y
to bo aR'touisln^l ; if people beeomo lire
Fome, thoj.orik^^i.V.ii ty oho to play,
pr . sing, or wba\ >i. but they don't
criticise " And J?ju?? Ruskin holds that..
this ?B the way it sjoVild be in the world
ns well aa in tho drawing-room. Ho
not like critica ; and j ot wh?Ve?EO io lie
- A coincidence in thc matte r of iv
will bo noticoab;o in tho aenute of iii o
forty-fourth oougreBH. Thero will bo '"
two CaniiSrons, two Jone?ef., '?nd two
Marrilla, and, with tho ^exception o? a
t. ?WQ' Johnsons-Senator Joftiibton, pf ,
Virginia, and Senator Johnson, o? Ten
nessee: Did not the tern* o?^M?.~ '?.y
Ht on. Ot Maryland, expire on tho itti bf
March next, thero would hav.e been no
)off* than J3vn couplets of similar names
in tho senate.
-It's a deep mystery-tho way tho
heart of a man tn rus-to one woman out
of all tho rest ho's Veen "in tho world,
and makes it er^ier fo? him. to work
seven years for hex*, like Jacob did for
Raohel; tooner than havo any other
woman for tho asking. I often think of .
these words : "And Jacob se?ved seven
years for Rachel, ?nd ..they bi- ?ed, but,
a few nays, for the love he had for her."
-Qcorfje Elliot.
-A rich old widower cf OswcgP told
a young girl there.to drop her other
beaux. She obeyed. He off on took
her out riding, and assured! her that
" when wc get ready wa can go off sod .
den like, and snrpriso tho gossiiuv v
Tho young lady did. not demur. Tlieh
ibo rich obi v (dow'?r popped off very
sudden like, an^ married a lich obi
widow abont his own;?f[e. The jury ia
. sked for $15,000 dam; \<cu,
-Dr. Wilkes, in hia recent work on
physiology, remarks that 44 it is esti
mated that tho bonos of overy- adult
person requires to bo fed with lime
enough to make a marble mantlo ovot-y
eight months." It will bo perceived,
thereforo, that in the course of about
ten yeaTS each of its oats throe or four .
mantlopicces and a fow sots of front
door Hteps. It is awful to think of. tho ^
consequences if a man would ?KI shut. V
off from his supply of limo "for a whilo
and thon got loone in a cemetery. An
ordinary tombstono would hardly bo.
enough for a lunoh for him.
-In -a few remarks npoti Ibo action
of lightning:conduotorR, Secoht, the1
woll-known astronomer, drsctibes tho
storm of November, 1872, in which tho
cathotlral and palaco of Alulri wet o
struok by lightning, theno structures
having been free (rpm Mich visitations
for many years. Tho damag" donn on
this occasion was, as hi shows, due ia
great nu-aauro to thefact that tho light- ?
ning-rods, i ns! ead of being directly
connected with, tho motabo gidtir^and .
other portions of tho roof, w?ro isolated
from them. Tho fluid, therefore;
Fought t? make ita own way to such
other good conductor? os were'near,
After quoting other inotancea, he ex -
pteased the opinion that tho conditions
most favorable io Eafety conaist in join
ing tho lightning-rod direcstly to all the
metallic portions of the roof, and
pecially to tho rain-water pipoa, in or?
der that greater facility may bo offered
to tho elcotrio fluid tn its pringo lo tho

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