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title: 'The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, March 13, 1875, Image 3',
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THE FREE CITIZEN.
ORAWCEBURC, S. C.
B. A. W^BS^ER, - " - - Editor.
A. IV EB STEH, PUBLISH KU.
6km Corr, ONE VEAU, - - - 3 2 00
^ invariant']/ in Advance.
An J I will ?oinc near to yon to Judgement; ?mt
X will bea ??,?11 willigan against thu soi<-er
orn, anil Hgiilust- the adulterers, ami against
false nweurcrH*,. n'rftl'iijininsl those timi op
pro? tho hireling in Um wages, the wittow
?nd (ha fatherless, anti thal tum aside the
stranger from Illa right, anil lear riot Ititi,
saith the Lord of Hosts.-M A i. A e 111, HI,
WJ aro not responsible for tho views ci oin
Advertisements to ho inserted in the CITIZKS
must be received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted nt Ono Dollar per
inch, for the first insertion. Further tenus eau
bo had ou application lo the Editor or t'tiblislier.
Comiuunicutions on in till era of State or Local
Interest, respectfully BOllcltOll.
All order? for Job Printing left nt thia office
Will receive prompt attention.
Agents and CorrespoudcnlB wanted lu all
Towns of tho County.
SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1875.
We invite attention to thc law con
cerning newspapers :
1. Subscribers who do not give ex
press notice to thc contrary arc con-1
sidcred as wishing to continue their
2. If subscribers wish their paper
discontinued publishers ma}' continue !
to send them until all charges are
3. If subscribers neglect or refuse
to take their papers from the oliiccs
br places to which thc}' arc sent, they
are held responsible until they settle
their bill and' give notice to discon
4. If subscribers move to other
places without informing tho publish
er, and the paper is sent to the for
mer direction, they arc held respon
sible. ?otice should always bc
given of removaL I
The Courts have decided that
refusing So take a paper or periodical
from the office, or removing and
leaving it uncalled for, is prima facie
^^atidenct! in tent.ional fr rid,_ J
?t is importan* .ir Login!a
t?tft Should be iii Vie'interests of thc
people rather thaii to augment the
power of growing mid arbitrary cor
porations that aro seeking, with too
much success to govern the country.
It is becoming a serious queel
Who owns this nation ? We are stiH
fticlrnec?to think the fee simple is in
the people, and that they have
vested* right in their President, Con
gress, Governors and Lcgislatu
but every now and then something
turns up to render this theory doubt
We find, for instance, that Undo
Samuel must not run telegraph wiicj
over his estate, because the Westci n
Union will not hear of such a thing.
He must also give up carrying small
parcels for his nephews and nieces in j
the mail bags, because Adams Ex
g*ese prefers to do that business and
charge (oh,-those express charges!)
for it if oiii" venerable relative were
vj4p\o propose to rcceiye for safe-keeping
thc savings of the people at his post
ora'ces', us ??one" irr those slow-going
regions -culicc 3ritnin and Canada,
we presume all the savings banks,
and especrairy the broken ones, would
loudly prohibit him from doing any
thing so sensible and beneficial.
One Dromio lamented that lie no
longer belonged to himself, after mar
rying a fat cook, and it is to bc feared
that this great Republic, after foster
ing these great companies, no longer
belongs to itself.
These corporations can pay largely
for special legislation, and by their
monied Inffticnoe they are corrupting
legislation, and depriving thc people
of their dearest rights.
As soon as the people elect their
own represcntntives-?-sclceting men
who cannot be bought-they will have
very desirable reforms and improve
ments, but the longer the struggle
with wealthy corporations is deferred
tho more doubtful will the result be
REI'KAL ov IHK 41 OVPICIAL NEWS
PAPER" LAW. The law of b870, reg
ulating the publication of legal no
ticos, is repealed, and there is no such
thing to-day as an " official newspa
-l>cr" ia South Carolina- Any person
who hus an advertisement of any kind
to publish can publish it where ho
pleases. This applies to all notices
by ?State and county ofllcers, and to
every notice whatsoever required by
law to bo made public. This gives
ali papers an equal chance as fal* as
advertising legal notices are con
Co'.ton Factories in the South.
Wo arc glad to notice that much
attention is being paul to tba subject
bf manufacturing thc colton grown so
abundantly in thc South in the very
sections where it is produced. With
thc present price ot labor, and other
facilities now enjoyed, manufacturing
herc may readily bc made a grand
success. That it can bc done to ad
vantage, has already been clearly
demonstrated. Wo need only thc
business energy and capital lo operate
on ibis linc in this immediate vicinity
to make Orangeburg one ol' thc most
prosperous-counties in the Slate. Wi
have long been growing thc cotton,
but neglecting to usc rare facilities tc
manufacture it within our own reach
Wc cannot alford to pay others lo dc.
this business for us in connectioti
willi such heavy hills for transporta
tion. An exchange says :
tk Great changes are likely ere long
lo take place in the sites of cotton
manufacture. Facto:ins in our col
ton-growing Slates are paying excel
lent dividends, and as soon as theil
poor distracted people can insure
freedom, peace and safety, ma nu fae
turing capital and enterprise wi!
doubtless How into them with :
strong lido. The same change i:
also taking place, bul on a thucl
greater scale, in British India, where
the profits on coll?n factories ari
" The fast result of manufacturing
cotton in the countries where it grow:
will bc to cut oil' thc demand of thosi
countries from thc present manufuc
tiners, and thc next will be to com
pete with them in thc markets of th?
What Governor Chamberlain Think
of the Treasurer.
! ^Iif* rrpnrrer nf rio; XC?CS anil Cowrie
has bail nil Interview with Goverho
Chamberlain, lu winch he i xpresses Iii
.diili?-ijjijnll .?'juci: Ui tko ?ii?t?t,i?jjcn?t)?j ?'
t?grliy of Treasurer Cardo/.o, as the fol
lbw big extracta will siioyi :
G.M'lior-^The runter is oin tba', ii
terests ?te beyond anything else wine
ha? occurred during my adtnhilstralloi
und ! have not failed to read every wor
thai bas appeared in tho various dont
.- connected with it. Of course ever
' falr-i duded mall hi.lu's- himself open t
consideration of any new facts or ei
i leuce which may be added to the casi
Or any new arguments based on the fiicl
?h eady developed. Premising this, I d
il he jit ute to say I hat 1 have entire coi
(idem in Mr. Carduzo. Men, mau
men, friends of uduc, have como to ni
and said,'''Don't mix yourself up in th
lt is no affair of yours, and yo
il o'reen clear of it. " * *
If 1 knew to-day there was not unotlu
man tn the world who would speak ft
Mr. Carduzo, I would ali the more stn.
by him. I haven't come into this nfl
expecting a bed of roses. I am not hil
so anxious to make friends or io nvo
enemies as I ansi to do right, and uni
evidence, facts, compel nie to lose fall
in Mr. Carduzo, he shall have my con
dence and my personal and moral sn
port, in every form. Well, sir, I have e
ambled all the evidence yet adduced, ai
1 find no'hing to shake my faith in M
Cardozo's honesty. I have known M
Carduzo intimately since last sum mc
Ile was ail carly supporter of mine f
illy present position, f think I ha*
known his aims and plans, and I sa
without qualification, that I have nev
heard one word or seen one act of M
Cardozo's which did not confirm 1113* co
faience in his personal integrity, and 1
political honor, and zeal for tho hone
administration of the Stale G o vern mei
On every occasion, and under all circu?
.stances, he has been against fraud ai
jobbery, and iii. fa vor of good measur
and good men. The public do not kim
the pressure willoh has been brought
bear upon.me in this office to make ii
yield my views of public duty. If 1 h:
known it myself beforehand, I won
never have dared to lake tin: ellice. Ii
in the midst of it all, when I could cou
all tho Republicans who seemed to gyi
pathize. with nie 011 the fingers of o
hand, there '.'/as one mau who nev
failed to come unasked and stand nt 11
side, and that man was Fran ch L. Ct
dozo. * * * Now, slr, I si
lids storm gathering long ago. I km
that any man who did his duty ns Ti e:
itrcr, who lent himself to no jobbery, a
bad no private ends to servo, won
make himself the most unpopular man
South Carolina. Carduzo, knew it to
I confess I did not expect to sec the el
meut which views the public service aa
mere chance to make 11101103', able
make such headway as U1C3' arc now n
parently making against Mr. Cardoz
I did hope ior better things, but I al
expected to Hud a howl i\nd outcry
against uny mun who did his dutj by lb?
Treasury. 1 do not wi-ii tobe under
stood as implying ibat all who aro op
posed to Slr. Carduzo ar? coi < : andy
striking down a faithful pnbli Olli? :
but every man here in Culumbia knows j
that the real force which urges on-this
attack upon Mr. Carduz?' i- not it desi rt
t,o guard the Treasury. ! speak now
what every tuan confesses tb mc when I.
ask him the question.
say of the attitude of the Conscivi
toward Mr. Carduzo?
Governor-Well, sir, I think :h<-; ii*,
lend to do ?iistlce to Mr. Cardcze in the
end; and so I think of very in my K pi u
Mean?. I tb? not wonder al iheir
for raising a comutitteoti pn pare an
i dress. That is probably II .'. th II .
way to hi ing the whole -asi oap
where justice cnn be dout:. 1 atti b< ti
to say that the Conservative In vc
with great political get . - i . und ?
irioli-m toward me and inj1
klon. L believe they will do what I
think just by Mr. Carduzo, ai
votes ia this matter, so la itu 'atc no
more, in inj" judgment, tl :tvc th? j
case fully tried. I cam. . ! ave heir
vote on appointing thee repu
seuls Iheir probable vote ld rei*
of removal, unless new i ! do l
George Shrew bury.
George Shrewsberry, a wi li-i
citizen of Charleston, lied i
May last. The follow! .. from
; iVett's anti Courier, will how in
'estimation he was held ? ho pc
of Charleston : 14 The s-ul.j:>c< ol titi
I notice, w ho died sud. . h< art
disease, on Sunday ni-;- , bel : . il 10
I a colored class in < i lesion who
have long been equally guished
by their high older of I tbilitv.
'; and their perfect dev tion ; . their
'native Stale and cit.) I'in
? well-known for tho lcm] .. ... of
their opinions and conduct, ?
courtesy and unobtrus . ol
manners, and for their tpiiet, porsi .
ent industry. Their relations to
their white fellow-citizens wer . f t ht
kindest long before th ! \\ ir, ! worn
not only not disturbed, huta indeed,
confirmed and strengthened by thc
issue of that struggle &I ri Shrews
bury began life a poor bul
stead)- r.ml well-directed labiir ho had
succeeded up to thc timo i f ?ps death
IM amassing a hnudsoh ? ? ?
! days were passed in th
. bis home, and atntd I
j private pursuits, and'h< i
oubli lil until at the 1
election, without an)' sol ie at lion on
his part, bc was chosen an alderman.
Ile was serving in tba' capt pity, tsncl
alao as Commissioner of (Tie iSlmS'
house, nt the time of his deli li. Jiu
face and* form, betokening, las thej
did, the quiet, substantial : citizen
will be missed in our mai k^ts ant
upon our streets;'-and we ?re bat?s
fled there arc none ,who will not iee
that, particularly at tin present jum
lure, the city bas suffered J. vere los
?n the death r?r one *",w- -vas affecting
, so much good by ids to; ting, and es
p?ci?l?y by bis ?fCiimpli
What a vague terni t s is ! In thi
months of slaveholders it meant thi
few hundred thousand white men win
owned slaves. Thc rme'resls of Un
. South meant their interests, and no
. those of cither the negroes or th
I poor white trash. We ap' 1 ?t
. latter are now, to some extent , iiu.it,
ed in thc term South, though i! st ii
stands for just about the same i lass ..
before thc war. This "South," i\ iib it
class-legislation and repression of cd ii
cation, has been asad drawback to t!i
real South. If thc vost numbi\alt
estates which it possessed bael al th
close of thc war been given av ty n
homesteads in small lot- I ? (IK 1 inio
soldiers and thc freedmen, upon (?bi
di lon of actual settlement, what n di
feront region thc South would li av
been hy this time ! Each plan lat io
of ten thousand acres would hnv
beat settled by some two hundre
thrifty families, who would have a
forded society and protection to cai
oilier, and thc produce of tru lan
would have been increased many-fob
Free institutions,education, and oth(
means of progress would also hnv
been secured. This waa not, hov
ever, deemed practicable-ulthoug
in accordance with thc usual laws an
and customs of nations concern!u
suppressed rebellions-and thc sam
result must now be sought by til
slow operation of peaceful means. J
all the old olave Staten would pr<
claim pefect equality of rights an
liberty of speech and ol BU f rr age t
all citi/ens, with welcome and safet
for immigrants, thc South would soo
bc Hie most progressive portion of <
the Union-seeing that nearly all the i
rertile lands of the North are already \
occupied.-JVetu York Witness. ]
grtects of Intemp?rance. 1
The records of city mission labors
are lilied with testimonies to the evils
of intemperance. Take this extract
from-a-recent missionary report as an ?
example: The missionary says; ?
Rum's doingS'givc direction to not a '
little of oui* i'ubor.- ?* man whom* ? I'
had set down as a lazy fraud, and' lo 1
whom T had' given the cold shoulder,
one day informed me of a sick woman
whom bc wished I-would call and see,
giving nie particular caution not to
make my errand known to any one I
should meet in the house; to make 1
no inquiry at thc door, lest her hus
band should prevent my seeing her.
I was told in what room thc sick
woman was lying, and that I should
go into thc room without waiting for
a summons. Taking my wife with
mc I went according to thc directions
given mc. I found the house quite
respectable in appearance, and opened
tho front door, without knocking, and
walked in, ami though I saw the hus
band (as 1 rigidly supposed').' at work
in thc rear yard ; at once, without
addressing him, 1 proceeded to thc
second-floor room indicated' to inc,
and entered. A very dirty, disor
dered, rubbishy room received mc
and my wife. A strange mixture ol ;
misery and comfort was apparent. A
woman, young and dying, alone and J
neglected, was lying on what had !
beeb a very nice hair clotli sofa, un- i
der tho front window, an old, worn
gray army blanket 1 brown overlier,
and lier bead resting uncomfortably
on a dirty and patched feather pillow.
A smutty, broken lamp was burning
upon a large marble-top center-table,
just at her head. There was not a
decent chair in thu room, but tlie
walla were bung with au array of
portraits and pictures in oil, with gilt
frames ; also a pier mirror. There
was no carpet on the floor, winch
looked- as though it liad not been
swept in six months ; while heaps of
dilapidated odds and ends were scat
Altogether, tho stale of this dying
woman Wt? us d V- p?VrrwOit?- wa cOuti' .
well' lib iniagi,?eil, or found in lite
most wretched tcneVneit-i; ita the city ;
and all this tue work ot rum. Her
husband, who owns thc house in
which be lives and several others, had
totally neglected bis wife, anxious
that she should die as soon as possi
ble. Though so young, perhaps
twenty-six* years obi,-she had become
i confirmed inebriate, with no pur
p -ii ? buL io indulge her appetite
for str mg drink, utterly neglecting
home and family, tier children were
left lo run about in i'aga, a?d were
found upon thc stieels ii the icpth ;
winter with no shoes on their lcd.
Thc poor, infatuated woman La.i been
in thc habit of taking the furniture,
bedding, and wearing apparel to thc
pawn-shop to get money for thc pur
chase of liquor. When I afterward
went to the husband to inquire about
his treatment of his wife, bc showed
mc in ids shop a bolster almost emp
tied of feathers.- which she had taken
out to sell for rum ; and, to save thc
carpet from the same disposition, he
had taken it off the floor of her room.
To the poor, miserable wreck of a
woman I spoke of thc compassion of
Jesus, but could get no response. Af
terward she was taken to thc hospital,
ind everything was done that could
(ie done under thc circumstances, but
io thc last the poor woman felt she
vas so far off-too far od' from Jesus
-she could not reach out to Him.
Tho city missionaries are laboiing
constantly, not only for the reforma
tion and elevation of Hie intemperate,
but also lo prevent the formation of
those evil habits which lead the way
!o drunkenness and dissipation. Last
year they received twelve hundred
.?md fifty-live temperance pledges, and
'hey enjoy thc satisfaction of seeing
much fruit of their arduous toil.-Na
tional 'Temperance Advocate.
LABOR. Labor-honest labor-is
mighty and beautiful. Activity ia
tho ruling element of life, and its
highest relish. Luxuries and con
quests are the results of labor ; we
can imagine nothing without it. Thc
noblest man of earth is he who puts
hands cheerfully and proudly to hon
est labor. Labor is a business and
ordinance of God. Suspend labor,
and where arc thc glory aud pomp of
?iirth-Ibo fruit, fields and pnlaoes,
md the fashioning of mutter for
vhich men strive and war? Let thc
abor-seorner Jook to himself, and (
earn what are thc trophies. From
he crown of ids head to- the sole of
ns foot, he is-the debtor and! slave of
?oil; The labor which he scorns lum
.ricked him into the stature and ap
>earance of n man. Where gets he
garmenting and equipage? Let labor !
mswer. Labor-which makes music c
n the mines, and the furrow, and the
forge-oh, scorn not labor,you, man,
who never yet earned a- morsel of
bread ! Labor pifies you, proud fool,
?ind laughs*you to-seorn.- You shall
l>ass to- dhst, forgotten ; but labor
will live on forever, glorious in its
3onquests and monuments.
Remedy for Hard Time?,
The remedy recommended by a cor
respondent of the Witness is: 1. To
increase production by putting every
acre possible under good cultivation.
2. To turn much attention to fruit
growing, packing, shipping, etc., in
the best style. 3. Fanners should,
as far as practicable, raise what they
need for family use on their own
farms, and give up depending on
specialties. 41. Strict but not nig- i
gavdly economy should be practiced,
and- all supci Uuitics cut oil, especially
intoxicating drinks and tobacco. 5.
The laboring classes should' have
nothing to do with unions, clubs, so
cieties or strikes to keep up wages,
which do not and will not succeed.
The above prescription followed for
a year would assuredly rehabilitate
all the wholesome ro.terest-3 of the
country, and give us an almost un- '
paralleled prosperity. We would
only add, let our sister States iu thc
South become happy families, and
their present d?solations will blossom
as the rose.
nimwiw'L-JkrirTrcTTrwt-.-. . : - s v.. i II II HMM I
"ADVERT? S ?? M I N T S .
STATE OF SOUTH (. I ??L?NA,
OFFICE SECH ii AKI OI STATE,
COLUMBIA, S. C. feb. Ul 1875.
Thc FREE tin/!-..-. ,j hereby,
designated a<5 o?<" of r h? newspapers
1 for the publication ot ?i? legal no '
ii.-i:s. ami- ofSv/ai fiifyerti'Semcni? for ;
tiic '. oiinty of Orangcbufg, nuder life j
Act approved Fcbruat y 2i\L I 7? ?, !
eti?Dttf "Ail Ari tu regulate tue
pujdic:dioh oj all legal ind publ
not i ce G und .<?' forni?r tu h 61 this ;
Board iii co: ij'iet with tub >/ herein
rei- lid? i
ILE I ! A ; A E.
Sec'y of State and Sec'y of lioard.
I, IL E. il AYNE, Secretar}' of State,
do hereby certify that the foregoing
is a true und coirect copy ol' thc orig
inal, now on (We in this office.
H. E. H AYNE,
Secretary of State.
T. KOHM & BRO.,
The Brick Store,
Are selling off their
Being slightly d imaged by removal.
-: o :-.
The Goods Must be Sold,
i And are selling for whatever they
? will bring?
Come at onco and secure
Rare Bargains :
We mean BUSINESS, as we need
Theodore Kohn & Bro.
At MCMASTKH'S BRICK STOHK.
Crangeburg, Jan. 21,1875.
rjWIAND OHKNINU t
I will upcu-thin morning a lot of th?
!Yer olTcred'in>t'iiio marlee'.;,.conslutlng of
JNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
Vod in order to cultivate JV trude for
these Ht ie grado* I will sell'Hiern.
VERY Ia O "W tr
! have also received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially^
for me from the
Fiaost Selected "Wli-eat,.
I have never had a comptai:
this brand of flour..
iMroHTANT NOTICE P
Inferior KEROSENE OIL is so dan
gerous and so many accidents hive oc
curred from its use, I hate been induced,,
at the repented*solicitation of my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their use. I have just receive ten?
Ot 124 fire cast. [ w ill ?ell thu Puro
Oil cheaper thai'* the stun? ft. .'ie ot O'j
can be sold at iv. ?)?.A eiry. Familie* asi .
his; ti*i?, '?ii .'jv r.;.'-. Thc usu ol th?
FLOODING THE. MAB?ET
is equivalent to bringing into the family
destruction and death!
I have also recfci'veil :
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Ham.?,
10 Boxes Cream' Cheese, direct fi om
25 Firkins Goshen Butter,direct fror,
the Dairy, which has all 1 a
freshness and ffavor of the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured;
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces,
25 Sacks Lagtroyra Coffee, equal ta
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio?
With a full supply of
Fresh and Good.
My stock is full, with prices low anrJ
good times coming.
Thanking the public for their vc iv
eral patronage, ?nil soliciting it? contin
uance, I will do my best to merit the?
Columbia, So. Co.