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t^??MM--Iinmiiwi ll IT ??WW 1
THE FREE CITIZEN.
?RANCEPURC, S. C.
2?^.-W?BBSto?l?, - , - - Editor.
A: WEBSTER, PUBLISHER.
?itt COPr, ONE YEAR, - - - $2 00
^, invariably in Advance.
An J I will come near to you to Judgement; and
X will be n fciwiil witness against thu sorcer
ora, and Hgulpsjt/thcjudullerora, und aiM?u^i
false swearers,, nailj ailinat those that op
preT tim hireling In hi? wages, the widow
Had th? fatherless, anil that turn aside tho
stranger from lils right, and fear n?c mu,
aallh the Lord of Hosts.-MALACHI, III, D.
NOTICE. . ,.
Wa aro not responsible for tho views cf our
Corre ii poi; dc ii ta.
Advertisements to bo Inserted In thc C ITI.'.KS
must bo received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted nt One Dollar per
Inch, for the first insertion. Further tot ins can
b* bad on application to the Editor or Punisher.
Communications ort matters of State or Local
interest, respectfully solicited.
All orders for Job Printing lcR nt this om."
Will receive prompt attention.
Agents and CorrospondcntB wnntcd In nil
Towns of tho County.
SATURDAY, MARCH 13,1875.
We invite attention to thc law con
cerning newspapers :
1. Subscribers who do not give ex
press notice to the contrary are con
sidered as wishing to continue their
2. If subscribers wish their paper
discontinued publishers ma}' continue
to send them until all charges are
3. If subscribers neglect or refuse
to take their papers from the offices
br places to which they are sent, they
ar? held responsible until they settle
their bill anet* give" notice to- discon
4. If subscribers move to other
places without informing tba publish
er, and the paper is sent to the for
mer direction, they arc held .respon
sible. Notice should always bc
given of remov&Iv
j| *v The ?bnrts ?are decided thai
refusing to take a paper or peri?dica
from the ofiVee, or removing nm
leaving it uncalled for, is prima fach
.?t is import an t'jfiffi our Legisla
f?re stiDUld b? Th tbc/interests of 1 h
people rather than to augment th
power of growing and arbitrary coi
pbrations that are seeking, with to
much success to govern the country
It is becoming a serious question
Who owns this nation ? We are sti
rhslmecHo think the fcc simple is i
the peopl?,- and that they have
resteer"right in their President, Cor
gffess,. Governors and Legislature
but every now" and then somethin
turns up to render thia theory doubl
We find, for instance; that Unel
Samuel must not run telegraph wire
oVer his estate, because the Wester
Union will not hear of such a thing
He must also give up carrying sma
parcels for his nephews and nieces i
the mail bags, because Adams E>
gress prefers to do that business an
charge (bhythose express charges !
for it. ?f ac?r venerable relative wei
^0^? propose to receive for safe-keepin
the savings of the people at his pos
offices, as is done* irr those slow-goir
regions -called Britain and Canad
we presume all the savings bank
and especially the broken ones, woul
loudly prohibit him from doing an;
thing so sensible and beneficial.
One Dromio lamen tod that he ?
longer belonged to himself, after ma
rying a fat cook, and it is to be feare
that this great Republic, after foste
ing these great companies, no longc
belongs tc* itself.
These corporations can pay largel
for special legislation, and by thc
monied Influence they are ccrruptin
legislation, and depriving the peop]
of their dearest rights.
As soon as the people elect the
own representatives-selecting me
who cannot be bought-they will ha\
very desirable reforms and improv
monte, but tho longer the strugg
with wealthy corporations is defer rc
the more doubtful will the result b
REPEAL OY THK "-O?MCIAL NKW
PAPER " LAW. The law of l<870r rei
nlating the publication of legal n
Hoes, is repealed, and there is no sui
thing to-day as an ".oiflcial newsp
. -ncr " ip. South Carolina? Any per?
who bus an advertisement of any kind (
to publish can publish it where he ?
pleases. This applies' to all notices j
by State and county ofllcers, and to
every notice whatsoever required by s
law to be made public'. This gives I
att'papers an equal ch?nce as fid* as |
advertising legal notices arc con- 1
cerned". " ,
Colton Factories in the South. 1
"Wc arc glad to notice that much <
attention is being paid"to tbs subject (
of manufacturing thc colton grown so
abundantly in the South in the very
sections where it is" produced. With
the present price ot labor, and other
facilities now enjoyed) manufacturing
here may readily bc made a grand
success. That it can be done to ad
vantage, has already been clearly
demonstrated. Wc need only the
business energy and capilal lo operate
on this line in this Immediate vicinity
to make Orangeburg one of the most
prosperous-counties in the Slate. We
have long becu growing the cotton,
but neglecting to usc rare facilities to
manufacture it within our own reach.
We cannot alford to pay others to do
this business for us ?ti connection
with such heavy bills for transporta
tion. Ail exchange says :
" Great changes are likely ere long
to take place in thc sites oT cotton
manufacture. Facto: ins in our cot
ton-growing States are paying excel
lent dividends, and as soon as their
poor distracted people can insure
freedom, peace and safety, man?fae
t?ring capital and enterprise will
doubtless How into them with a j
strong tide. Thc same change is
also taking place, but on a much
greater scale, in British India, where
the profits on cotton factories are
" The first result of manufacturing
cotton in the countries where it grows
will bo to cut off the demand of those
countries from the present manufac
turers, and thc next will be to com
pete wilh them in thc markets of the
What Governor Chamberlain Thinks
of the Treasurer.
^iie reporter of the Nines and C?itrter
lias hail ari interview with Governor
Chamberlain,' lu which he expresses hits
.oi.ti-o-fctinll Jun au h> tho iiiHvfiMie.r" HUI! In .
tegrity of Treasurer Cardozo, as the fol-1
low lng extracts will show:
i Governor-The matter is one that in
I turvbis ute beyond anything else which
I bas occurred during- my administration.
\ and 1 have not failed to read every word
?lint bas appeared in the various docu
! [neats connected with it. Of course every
I fair-minded man hold'* himself open to
: tho consideration of nnj' new facts or ev
! id?neo which may be added to the case,
or any wsw arguments based on the facts
i ri I ready developed. Premising this, I do
not hesitate to say that I have entire cou*
j lldcnco in Mr. Cardozo. Men, many
: men, friends of mine, have come to me
j and siiid,-'* Don't mix yourself up lp this
light. It is no affair of yours, and you
ought io Seep clear of it. " * *
If I knew to-day there was not another
man in tuc world who would speak for
Mr. Cardozo, I would all the more stand
by him. I haven't come into this office
expecting a bed of roses. I am not hall
so anxious to make friends or to avoid
enemies as I ara to do right, and until
evidence, facts, compel ino to lose faith
In Mr. Cardozo, bo'shnll have my confi
dence and my personal and moral sup
port in every form. Well, sir, 1 have ex
amined al?- tho evidence yet adduced, and
I find nothing to shake ray faith in Mr.
Cardozo's honesty. I have known Mr.
Cardozo intimately since last summer.
Ile was an early supporter of mine for
my present position, f think I have
known his aims and plans, and I say.
without qualification, that I have never
heard ono word or seen one act of Mr.
Cardozo's which did not confirm my con
fidence !n his personal integrity, and his
political honor, and zeal for the honest
administration of the State Government.
On every occasion, and under all circum
stances, he has been against fraud and
jobbery, and in. fa vor of good measures
and good men. The public do not know
the pressure which has been brought to
bear upon.ine in this ofllce to make me
yield my views of public duty. If I had
known it myself beforehand, I would
never have dared to take the ofllce. But
in the midst of it all, when I could count
all the Republicans who scented to sym
pathize with mo on tho fingers of one
hand, thero Was one man who never
fulled to come unasked and stand nt my
side, and that mau was Francis L. Gar
dozo. * * * Now, sir, I saw
this storm gathering long ago. I knew
that any man who did his duty as Treas
tirer, who lent himself to no jobbery, and
had no private ends to serve, would
make himself thu most unpopular man in
South Carolina. Cardozo, knew it too/
1 confess I did not expect to seo tho cle
ment which views the public service as a
mero chanco to ranko money, able to
make such headway as they aro now ap
parently making against Mr. Cardozo.
I did hope lor better things, but I also
?xpected to Hud a howl and outcry
igainst y.:<y niau who did Ids duty by '.bo
treasury. I do not wi.sli to be undcr
itood as implying that all who arc op
losed to Mr. Cardozo arc consciously ?
triking down a faithful public oiHc?r;
mt every man here in Columbia knows
hat the real force which iir^es on this
ittack upon Mr. Cnrdozb- is not a desire
,o guard the Treasurj*. I speak now
vhat every man confesses to inc when 1
isk him the question.
Reporter-But, Governor, what do you
?ny of the attitude of the Conservatives
o ward Mr. Cardozo?
Governor-Well, sir, I think they In.
end to do justice to Mr. Carduzo In the
.?nd; and so I think of very many Repub
licans. I do not wonder nt their voting
for raising a committee to pi t-pure an ad
dress. That is probably now the only j
wray to bring the whole ease to a point
ivhere justice cnn be done. lath bound
o siry that the Conservatives' have acted
ivtlir great political generosity and pa
.rioti-in toward nie and ?ny adiuiniatra
ti'on. I believe they will do what they
think just by Mr. Card?/.o, and their
votes i:i this matter, so lar. imliento ho
more, in my judgment, than tb have the
case fully tried. I cannot believe their
vote on appointing the committee repre
sents their probable vote on the^nddrcF*
of removal, Unless new facts are devel
George Shrewsberry, a well-known
citizen of Charleston, died on Sun
day last. Thc following, fro in the
News and Confier, will show in M hal
estimation be was held by tho people
of Charleston : " Thc subject ut' this
notice, who died suddenly, of ban
disease, on Sunday night, belonged to
a colored class in ( hat lesion who
have long been equally di-'.inguished
b}1 their high order of respectability,
and their perfect devotion to their
native State and city. They arc
well-known for thc temperance of
Ihcir' opinions and conduct, for the
courtesy and unobtrusiveness bf their
manners, and for their quiet, persist
ent induslrj'. Their relations to
their while fellow-citizens were of tho
kindest long before the war, i\::-.l were
not only not disturbed., but? indeed,
confirmed andi strengthened hy thc
issue of that struggle- MrjShrews
bury began life a poor mun,' but lu
steady alni well-directed lab**.he bad
succeeded up to the time of ifis dti?tl
in amassing a handsonn
days were-passed in th . .
ms homo, and arnuT tl
private pursuits, ahd'h< . |i ' i
public lifo until at the . - .
election, without any solicitation 01
his part, he was chosen an alderman
He was serving in that cap? H ty, ant
also- as Commissioner of t!iB All ms
house, at the time of his dell'h. Iii!
face and- form, betokening, ka3 Ihcj
did, the quiet, substantial j citizen
will bc missed in our mai les am
upon our streets' f and we 'vre satis
tied there are none ,who will not lee
that, particularly at thc present june
lure, the city has suffered' a s<: vere los
in tbp death of one who was ?ffectinj
so much good by Iiis toi dug, and ca
pecially by his exam ph
What a vague tenn Jl .s is ! In th
mon ilia of slaveholders it meant th
few hundred thousand white men wh
owned slaves. Thc rate-rests of til
South meant their interests, and no
those of either the negroes or th
poor white trash. Wo np- d th
latter are now, to some extent, inclut
ed. in the term South, though it sti
stands for just about the same class n
before thc war. This "South," with it
class-legislation and repression of edi
cation, has been asad drawback to lil
real South. If the vast iincultivute
estates which it possessed had at th
close of thc war been given away ?1
homesteads in small lobs to the I'nio
soldiers and the freedmen, upon coi
ditonof nclual seulement, what a di
feront region thc South would ha\
been by this time ! Each plnnlntio
of ten thousand acres would hn\
been settled by some two hundrc
thrifty families,- who would have a
forded society and protection lo cai
other, and thc produce of the lan
would have been increased rnany-foh
Freo institutions,education, and otht
means of progress would also hw
been secured. This wa? not, hov
ever, deemed practicable-alt hong
in accordance with tho usual laws n?i
and customs of nations concernai
suppressed rebellions--and the son
result must now be sought by tl
slow operation of peaceful mean?,
all the old slave States would pr<
claim pefect equality of rights an
liberty of speech and of suffrage t
all citizens* with welcome and snfet
for im mig rants, the South would soo
be Ihe most progressive portion of i
the Union-seeing that nearly all the i
fertile lands of the North are already
occupied.-New York Witness.
Effects of Intemperance.
Tho records of city mission labors '
are filled with testimonies to the evils '
?f ihtemperance. Take this extract
from a-recent missionary report as an '
example: The' missionary says: 1
Ruin's doings'givc dircotion to not a
little of oub iulior.- Av man whom" ?
had set down as a lazy fraud, arid1 to
whom 1? hud- given thc cold shoulder,
one day informed me of a sick woman
whom he wished I-would call and see,
giving me particular caution uot to
make ray errand known to any one I
should meet in the house ; to make
no inquiry at the door,, lest her hus
band should prevent ray seeing her.
I was told in what roora the sick
woman was lying, and! that I should
go ibto the room without waiting for
a summons. Taking my wife with
me I went according to thc directions
given rac. I found the house quite
respectable in appearance, and opened
the front door, without knocking, and
walked in, and though I saw the hus
band (as 1 rightly supposed"), at work
in thc renr yard ; at once, without
addressing him, 1 proceeded to the
second-floor room indicated! to me,
and entered. A very dirty, disor
dered, rubb'shy roora received rae
and my wife. A strange mixture of
misery ami comfort was apparent. A
woman, young and dying, alone and
neglected, was lying on what had'
been a very nice hair cloth sofa, un
der thc front window, an old, worn
gray array blanket thrown over her,
and her head resting uncomfortably
on a dirty and patched feather pillow.
A smutty, broken lamp was burning
upon a large marble-top center-table,
just at her head. There was not a
decent chair in thc room, but the
walla were bung with an array of
portraits and pictures in oil, with gilt)
frames; also a pier mirror. There
was no carpet on the floor, which
looked- as though it had not been
swept in six months ; while heaps of
dilapidated odds and ends were seatt
le! ed about.
Altogether^ thc state of bUis dying
WOhian W:vs na (?i.-.?i?vrruOfv.-na cyuK!
well- bc imagined, or fourni in the
' most wretched tenement i it- the ciiy v
and ull this the work ot rum. Uer
husband, who owns, thc house in
'which be lives and several others, bad
totally neglected bis wife, anxious
that she should die as soon as possi-'
ble. Though so yoting, perhaps
twenty-flsis years old,-she had become
a confirmed inebriate, with no pur
1 pose in life but to indulge ber appetite
I for strong drink, utterly neglecting
home ?'Kj family. Uer children were
k'ft to run about in ragy, and were
found upon thc stiects in the 'depth of
winter with no shoes on their feet,
j Thc poor^ infatuated woman bad been
! in the habit of taking th? furniture,
bedding, and wearing apparel to thc
pawn-shop to get money for thc pur
I chase of liquor. When I afterward
I went to the husband to inquire about
his treatment of his wife, he showed
me in his shop a bolster almost emp
tied of feathers,- which she had taken
! out to sell for rum ; and. to save the
carpet from the same disposition, he
had taken it off the floor of her room.
To the poor, miserable wreck of a
woman I spoke of the compassion of
?Jesus, but could get no response. Af
terward she was taken to the hospital,
and everything was done that could
be done nuder the circumstances, bnt
to the last tho poor woman felt she
was so far off-too far off from Jesus
.-she could not reach out to Him.
! Thc city missionaries are laboring
; constantly, not only for the reformn
j lion and elevation of the intemperate,
i but also to prevent thc formation of
J those evil habits which lead the way
j to drunkenness and dissipation. Last
year they received twelve hundred
and fifty-five temperance pledges, and
they enjoy the satisfaction of seeing
much fruit of their arduous toil.-Na
tional Temperance Advocate.
LABOII. Labor-honest labor-is
mighty awl beautiful. Activity is
tho ruling element of lifo, and its
highest rehab. Luxuries and con
quests are the results of labor ; we
can imagine nothing without it. The
noblest man of earth is he who puts
hands cheerfully and proudly to hon
est labor. Labor is a business and
ordinance of God. Suspend labor,
and where arc thc glory and pomp of
earth-tko fruit, fields and palaces,
and Ibo fashioning of matter for
which men strive and war? Let the
labor-scorn er look to himself, and
learn what aro the trophies. From
the crown of his head to- the sole of
Ins foot, he is-the debtor and'slave of
toil. The labor which he scorns has
tricked him into the stature and ap
pearance of a man. Where gets he
garmenting and equipage? Let labor
answer. Labor-which makes music
in Hie mines, and the furrow, and the
forge-oh, scorn not labor, you, man,
who never yet earned a- morsel of
bread 1 Labor pities you,proud fool,
and laughs-you to* scorn.- You-shall
pass to* dhst, forgotten ; but labor
will live on forever, glorious in its
conquests and monuments.
Remedy for Hard Times.
Thc remedy recommended by a cor
respondent of the Witness is : 1. To
iucrease production by putting every
acre possible under good cultivation.
2. To turn much attention to fruit
growing-, packing, shipping, etc., in
the bC'jt style. 3. Farmers should,
as far as practicable,-raise what they
need for family use on their own
farms, and give up depending on
specialties. <& Strict but not nig
gardly economy should be practiced,
and- all supci Unities cut ot?, especially
intoxicating drinks and tobacco. 5. |
The laboring classes shouhr- have
nothing to do with unions, clubs, so
cieties or strikes to keep up wages, ]
which do not and will not succeed.
The above prescription followed for
a j'car would assuredby rehabilitate
all the wholesome ftitereste of the
country, and give us an almost un
! paralleled prosperity. We would
only add, let our sister States in the
South become happy families, and
their present desolations will blossom
as the rose.
ADVERTI?EM 1 NTS.
STATE OF S WH! CAR?L-?NA,
OFFICE SECRETARY or STATE,
COLUMBIA, S. C. Feb. 4'Mi, 1875.
The FREE CITIZEN ?-J hereby
designated ns or?> rip-nftje newspapers
I for thc publication ot aiL legal no
! tices, and official auvcrti'senicnta for
j the County ol' Or.mgeburg, under tr?e
I Act approved February 22d, 1370,
entitled "jin Aet to regulate the
publication of nil legal amt public
notices-and1 all former ord??'?i?S ?his
Board in co:.liict with this ;/ hereby
II. K. [IATNE,
Sec'y of State and Sec'y of Board.
I, H. E. HAYNE, Secretary of State,
do hereby certify that the foregoing
is a true and correct copy of tho orig
inal, now on iUc in this office.
H. E. HAYSE,
Secretary of State.
The Brick Store,
Are selling off their
Being slightly damaged by removal.
The Goods Must be Sold,
And are selling for whatever they
Come at onco and secure
Rare Bargains :
We mean BUSINESS, as we need
Theodore Kohn & Bro.
At MCMASTKR'S BRICE: STORE.
Orangeburg, Jan. 21,1875.
I will opemchis moraine a lot of th?
ever offered'?mtliio mnrl?ctyconsisting of
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
And in order to cultivate JV ti-adb (OT
these fine gm doc I will sell' them
VERY Ia O ~%V w
I have also received this morning.another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made ?specially.
for me from tho
ITisiest Selected \V lion/t,.
I have never had a complaint' nfl
this brand of flour*
IMPORTANT NOTICE f
Inferior KEROSENE OIL ls so dan
gerous and so many accidents h sive oc
curred from its usc, I hate been induced,,
at the repeated; a ol i'citation of my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their use. I have just receive ten*
PITEE WHITE. KEROSENE^
Of 124 fire test. I will ?ell thit Puro
[OH cheaper than tho same ?rude of Obi
' nan be sold at in-rbi* city. Familie* use
; lng thiii Oil :'-re safe. Thc us.? ol th?
i common Oils nov*
FLOODING THE, MAQJOT
le equivalent to bringing into the family
destruction and death !
I have- also rccefved i
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Hams1,
IO ?oxes Cream- Cheese, direct iron?
25 Firkins Goshen Cutter, direct fr cn.
the Dairy, which has all the
freshness and Savor of the- Jfow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured;
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces?
25 Sacks Laguayra Coffee, equal to>
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio?
With a full supply of
Fresh and Good.
My ?tock Ia Ml, with prices low ?nd
good times coming.
Thanking the public for their very lib-,
eral patronage, and soliciting Rs eontin-*
nanee, I will do my best lo merit th?
Columbia. So. Cfs*