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title: 'The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, March 20, 1875, Image 1',
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A. WEBSTER, Editor and Proprietor.
" T?:LTJME I.
A Weekly Paper Devoted to Temperance, Literature and Politics.
0RANGEBURG, SOUTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1875.
Ouco, upon ,i golden afternoon,
Willi nuii ini tucen uu<l hearts lu tuuo,
T.*o loud lover:', .1 dreading mood,
Threaded ft rural solitude.
Wholly happy, they only know
That Ute rai th was liriitlit and Ibo ?ky ?HM blue
That light, ?uti beauly, timi joy. and Bong
* "ba i nevi Shu way na I hoy imssed alone: ;
Tho uit w.iF I rmtraut with wood and n-entB
Tho pipiirrel frisked on Ibo roadside fence
Amt hover!UK no:ir them, " Uhcc cAec, chink.'"
?Jiio.?icd tho curious bobolink. ' '
Pausing nud net rime with Bldolont; bi'atl,
An Bauxlly ipic>ti<>jiiug all they void ;
While tho ox-eye danced "ti UH Blender Btom,
And till glad nature rejoiced with ihotu.
Over ib.? odurouu Uelde were Mrowu
Wilting whito'V* of gro^n now mown,' * '
And rosy billows ol' clover bloom
Surged in the sunshine and breathed perfume.
Swinging low on a nleuder lituli,
Tho sparrow warbled ?tis wedding hymn,
Ami balancing oil a blackberry brier.
Tho bobolink sung willi hts henri on lire
" Chin!,-.' If von iri?lt to ki** her, dal
Du ii! ila it! You coward, iran/
Kiix /o:/-/ /Viss, frist /KT/ Who will ure*
t)n!u wc three .' icc three! ire threel"
Under the garland;: of drooping vines.
Through dim vistas of s weet-breathed pines,
I'.ml. wide niciidow-liclds, lately mowed,
Wandered tho Indolent country road,
The lovers follnwr?? ir,' Ki-tculn? still,
And, loitering slowly, as lovers will,
Entered a gray-roofed bridge that h<v.
Dusk and cool, in their pleasant way.
Tinier UH arch a smooth, brown stream,
Silently glided with gUutnnd gleam,
Shaded by graceful elms which spread,
Thuir verdurous canopy overhead
Tho ti ream so farrow, tho boughs so wide,
Ttioy met ana mingled UCI-OHB tho Ilde,
Alden! loved it, '.ind seemed lo keep
Patient walch ns it lay anio .)>.
Mirroring clearly the trees nud sky,
And tho Hitting form of tho dragon-Ay
Save where lb" nwlft-winced swallows played
In ana out in tho sun nud shade, *'>.'-..
And darting and circling in merry CIISBC,
I)ipped and dimpled Its clear, dnrk face.
Muttering lightly from brink to brink,
Followed '.he garrulous bobolink.
Rallying loudly with mirthful din,
Tho pair who lingered unseen within,
And when from tito friendly bridge al last
Into the road beyond they patSed.
Again beside thom Ibo templer weut,
?Creping tho thread of lils argument
" Kian her! ki** her! chink-n-cln i -i hm- I
ni uni ttiiiifidli itt Don't mimi mc!
VU lu: sentinel-/ cati ?ce
All around from thin tall hcach-trecI"
Uut Ah ! they noted-nbr.dcemi'd it straugo
ln/his rollicking chorus u trilling change
" Do it ! do it /"-with night and main
Warbled thu tell-tale-" ,16 ,t again !"
A PLAN TH ATWOULDN'T WORK.
. BX EllEN E. ROXFORD.
1 Jolie Browning hail n good many pe
culiarities. Sho WAS fond of reading
novels for ono thing, and liked to bave
things huppen romantically. Anything
Mint did happen in that wny-and she
had lived long enough to know that that
wasn't often-was of much moro im
pojdbarton. in her estimation, than ?ho.
common run of occurrences. And then
another of her little peculiarities was
that she liked to "nave her own way and
make other pcoplo clo pretty noarly as
sho wanted them to. lier temper was
rather peculiar, too. Horaotimes sho
was all sn nulli nt? and swootness ; some
limes she wasn't. After having givon
you this brief description of some of
her peculiarities you will readily under
stand that Bel lu wasn't very unliftu a
good many girls you know.
When a party of our young pcoplo
were out bont-vidin. '-ne day the boat
capsized and Belle, nmong the others,
foll into thu water, taking tho starch
out ol* her rn filos und the crimp out of
lier hair. But sho didn't euro for Mint
bcoanoo tho affair was n> romantic.
Thorn wasn't tho least bit of danger,
for tho watet' wasn't more than three
feet dorp in any place. But J>ollo
screamed for ??tune ooo to save her, and
liai "h Boring picked her up nud ?warn
to shore with her, sho told hor frieutls,
just as she was going down for the sec
ond time. It. must hilve been queer
swimming, but then it, did to toll. In
fact, in the way Bello told it it made
quito a pretty story, and if you hadn't
Known tho circumstances of tho caso
you would have been quito apt to think
Kuinli Loring a hero.
Bello had hud quite a liking tor Bnlph
for some time. Ho was good-looking,
smart and well-to-do. Ju fuet, ho was
ono of the best "catches" in tho piuco.
When.tho very romantic episode of the
boat's being capsized took placo sho
declared that be hud saved her lifo, told
herself that she owed him her gratitude
and love and proceeded to mitko herself
agreeable. The result of it was that
Ralph suddenly became attentive and
by and by proposed marriage and: was
Matters stood in that way when Capt.
J)u Vaux came to town, wnere tho
captain was from and what', ho was cap
tain of no ono ku cw. Ho was good
looking, stylish and well-dressed. Ho
had any amount, pf assurance and in
sinuated himself into the best society
at once, and nobody asked for his ero
" Ho is snob a romantic-looking fol
low," declared Belle to Ralph ono day ;
"dou't you think so?"
" No, I don't," answered Ralph, de
cidedly ; "I think he is a very cheeky
looking fellow, to say the least, ami i'm
considerably mistaken if ho would be
.willing to havohis affairs inquired into."
Ralph had taken a strong dislike to him
from the very first;
" 1 hope you aren't, jouions," Raid
Belle, with a proyokiug laugh. .
"Not ut all, thank you," answered
Bullo determined to hove some sport.
She would ilii! with D? Vms and make
Bnlph terribly jcalourt. When she got
ready to do bo the would Bond tho cap
tain anoviti hit; biisincHi and let Ralph
seo thal silo had been amii.iing hor.-e.ll'
nt his expense.
" It'll be just jelly," declared Rulle.
Tho very next time (hey were out in
company together she beset Capt.-Do
Vaux with her fascinations, and that
gentleman proved an ouF>y mid willing
victim. tU?lph "Watohed tho progress of
ultu i fi with a keen eyo.
" Helli ," lu* ibU'd to'hovoiie fl-.y, "<|n
-.nu t "milt you are doing ?nat righi ?"
,: Doing just right?" replied Hollo.
" What do you mean ?"
"Yoitluow well enough," answered
Ralph. " Flirting with Do Vaux and
making him believe, like enough, that
you are in earnest."
" Oh, it's Hueh fun !" laughed Belle,
carelessly. "Did you neo how devoted
ho was last nightV
" i saw how thoughtless you were,"
answered Ralph, gravely. "You may
not Uko what I am going to say, Bello,
but I shall run tho risk ot yoiu- displeas
ure. lt doesn't .Boom juBt tho thing for
a young woman who is ongaged to bo
married to be flirting with a stranger as
you aro with Do Vaux,"
"Indeed!" said Belle, lifting her
eyebrows ; "I don't think that remark
exactly original. Seems to mo I have
heard it hofore somewhere."
"Do bo iu earnest, for once, Belle,"
Ralph exclaimed, really provoked. "If
you would only stop to think you'd set
how foolish your conduct is. You'd
It occurs to me that you have as
sumed tho right io lecture mo quite
early in the day," retorted Belle, with
dignity, be/oro he could go on. "Don't
go too far."
"I am not lecturing you," ho an
" What do you call it? I should like
" I am merely giving you a little ad
vice," replied Rolph.
"I wusn'c aware that anyone had
asked for any," said Belle, with a good
deal of sarcasm in her tones.
"No, but then people who don't ask
advice often need it," answered Ralph,
meaningly. " If they were only sensi
ble enough to take it it would do them
a world of good sometimes."
Belle's eyes flashed fire. "I haven't
asked any advice from you," she said,
indignantly, "and, what is more, I
don't intend to. I know what I'm about
" I doubt it," interrupted Ralph.
"And I know enough to mind my
own business, too," wont on Belle. "I
wish other people did."
That was their first quarrel. Ralph
left her, feeling very augry. Ho hnd
tried to reason with her and found her
wholly unreasonable. She rather en
joyed it. In novels lovers always quar
reled. Their courtship would have been
humdrum enough without some spice ol
that character in it.
" I'll show him who's master," she
said when he was gone. "Tho idea ol
his dictating-to mo! I'll mako him
moro jealous thnjl.bo is uaw before.JUlfl
through, aud I'll bring him to my terms,
too." Which assertion was a rathol
broad one to make, considering tho cir
cumstances of tho case.
Ralph had hoped that Belle would
look at tho matter sensibly alter hoi
anger had cooled ; but, not being fa
mous for doing sensible things, she dis
appointed him. Tho very next day sin
went out riding with Capt. Do Vaux,
aud u day or two after that ho took hoi
to a concert. Ralph began to fcc'
grieved and indignant. Ho couldn't be
?leaf to tho covert remarks of hit
friends. Belle's actions were beginning
to rouse talk. Everybody knew thal
they wero engaged. Knowing this, au?
scoing how intimate she was with Di
Vaux, it wasn't to bo wondered at that
they gosaippod over tho matter.
it isn't a very pleasant feeling, 1 im
agine, to be in Rnlph's place-to heai
your friends discussing tho doings ol
your promised' wifo, and wondering
what you aro going to do about it
Ralph bore it a? long as ho could. He
went to seo Bello ono day, d?termin?e
to como to sonnt sort of au understand
iug. Ho mot Capt. Do Vaux ns lu
went in. That gentleman smiled ?uso
lenlly on his rival. Ralph wanted t<
givo him a good horsewhipping. ?
would have served us au oseape-valv<
for sumo of his ugly feelings if ho conk
havo dono so.
"Oh, ;yon ought to havo come be
fore," cried Bello, with effusion; "Capt
Do Vaux has been singing duets wit!
mo. Such a beautiful tenor voice a
ho hus ! Yon never heard him sing
did you ?"
"I haven't had tho pleasure," answer
ed Ralph, dryly.
" Como up to-morrow evening," sui?
Belle. " Ho's coming over to prnotic
with mo again. You'tl just enjoy listen
iug to him. I never heard anyone sin,
.Inanita' so exquisitely as ho does
iiever ! Ho throws so much passio:
into it. I was ronlly charmed, I assnr
" No doubt of it," said Ralph.
"And you'd enjoy his oompauy s
much," rattled on Bello, thinking,
suppose, that she was doing somethin
remarkably brilliant. " I do. Ho's s
witty; he keeps me laughing half tl)
time. I dou't think I ever enjoyed
gentleman's society so much before."
"Probably not," retorted Ralph, ll
was beginning to get thoroughly dil
gusted. Ho had thought Belle mue
more womanly than siro was. Ile hu
deeeiVcd himself. Now his eyes woi
beginning lo get opened.
"And his -" began Belle ; but l!:dj
11 wo will take all you are going i
ray for granted," he said. "I ha.'
como io talk soberly with you, Bell
I havo borne your conduct long enoilg
lt' you are to he my wife, your (liri
tiona with J)e Vaux must torin ina! o
once. 1 have a right to auk that
" Beal ly !" Bollo smilod scornful!
" ?io you are going te? dictate, uro von
"Not at all," answered Ralph. "Y<
must act ns you please. I am mere
tolling yon how tho mutter stum
You uro engaged to mo Au my proi
iseel wife ye>u havo no right to not
you aro doing. You oanjbut acknov
edge that, il yon will stop long 0UOU|
to think. If 1 were to gu on aa y<
have hcen going on, I imagino y
would ho quito miro to soo tho matt
in its truo light. I hnvo aa good a
right to demand you to stop such con
duct aa you Mould have to demand tho.
same 01 me. I think you have been
thoughtless, and am willing to lot all
ill-feeling drop provided you do JIB I auk
"And if 1 do not?" demanded Belle,
" Then you may consider thal all io
over between UK," Ralph replied.
"Very well," answered Bello ; " hero
is your* ring, und-good-niorniug."
Ralph took tho ring and bowed him
self out, feeling quite as much rclioved
as disappointed. Ho saw that she was
not thc woman he wanted. She could
never make him happy. He had had a
Belio watched him go with very angry
eyes. He had told her tho truth and
she had acknowledged it. But she
wasn't, going to give np iii that way.
She had too much " spirit," abo told
herself. Too much foolish, silly obsti
nacy would h avo hit it. " He'll como
around in time," she said. "He'll get
over this when De Vaux goes away.
I'm not going to be tied up to any man
before I'm married. I'll let him know
that ho can't bend me around his little
Tho snnimer went by. Ralph didn't
" como around" aa Belle had expected
ho would. He met her in society and
never showed any signs of tho wound
sho was foolish enough to think she had
given bim. He seemed to enjoy life
quito tho same as ever. She concluded
he was "wearing a mask." People with
wounded hearts usually die in novels,
Capt. De Vaux went away, and then
Belle was confident that Ralph would
return to his allegiance, but he didn't
" Ho's waiting for mo lo give him
pome encouragement, most likely,"
Belle thought, and she straightway
proceeded to encourage him by making,
or trying to'make, herself very fascinat
ing and agreeable. But Ralph wouldn't
be fascinated. Ho repelled all her ad
vances, coldlv and politely'.
"He's obst'nnte declared Belle. "I'll
have to ask nim to forgive me, and then
-" She coutideutly expected that that
would bring him to terms.
One evening, at a party, sho tried her
plan. They were in the conservatory.
Sho was looking pale and interesting.
At least flho thought so. Ralph didn't
seem to think much abont it.
._" I'vo bcen.wantiii?r:to say Eomothintr .
to yon for a long time, she paid, put
ting her handkerchief to her oycH, " I
see now how thoughtless- "she couldn't
bear to say how foolish and silly
" how thoughtless T was, and Pm sorry
that I wounded your feolings so,-Ralph.
If you could forgive, mo and be my
friend still ! if nothing moro-"
Silo believed Unit would fetch him.
At least il usually did in romances.
"I'm perfectly willing to be your
friend, if you want mo," answered
Rulph, feeling a desire to laugh, no
understood her perfetly. ne only won
dered how ho could hnvo been foolish
enough to fancy her.
"I do wnnt you to," said Belle,
brokenly. "If yon only know how
many times I have regrotted my
thoughtless conduct, Ralph"-with a
sorrowful sigh and a glaneo out. of tho
corner of her oyo to eco if ho wus about
to capitulate. "I-I've missed your
ring from my ?Dger, Ralph, so much."
"Ah?" Ralph had to smile at that
stroke of Belle's. "It never fitted you
exactly ; if you have noticed, it lita
Allie Braytou's finger beautifully."
"Belle turned palo. Sho understood
what ltalph meant. Ho had been with
Misa Brayton a good deal lately but sho
hadn't supposed that ho thought of
" You don't mean to nay- " she
"That I am engaged to Miss Bray
ton ? Yes, I do," answered Ralph. "I
shall be pleased to seo you and Capt.
Do Vaux at tho wedding, which takes
place on Christmas."
Belle burst into tears. Sh.> was never
so vexed and angry before. Tho affair
hadn't turned out at all as such affairs
always did in novels. She was mad and
disgusted and mortified.
" You're a wretch 1" abe sobbed.
"You wouldn't, caro if you broke my
heart. Oh ! Oh !"
" Sha'n't I call some ono V" suggested
Ralph, smiliug cruelly.
Belle concluded she wouldn't faint
then but postponed that demonstration
of tho state of her feolings for an in
definite period.-Rural Ncti> Yorker.
- One of the boys just|be?oro return
ing to Cornell, the other day, Bent a
young huly friend of his a euko of
L?bin's finest variety of toilet, soap,
with tho request that she would draw
no iuforencn on recoiviug shell a giit.
The next day the young mun was some
what astonished when he received a let
ter from the young lady containing tho
present, of a tine-tooth comb, with lim
request thai, he would draw no infer
-A novelty in the mode of hanging
criminal), was recently introduced at
Nowgato, langland. luHtoad ol' erect
ing tho usual scaffold above ground, :i
pit was dug in tho soil, and a trap
door made level with the ground,
opening into tho pit. Tin* convict was
pinioned by tho executioner on tho top
of the frap", and at a given signal tho
drop foll, and the unfortunate ceased
-iiCiiteu dinners aro becoming fash
ionable; the aim hoing to give as great
variety as possible in tho kinds and
cookery of tish. A printed bill ol' fare
on one of thean oecaaioiiH mentioned
(Iftceil dill'erent Hall servid in a mul
tiplicity of way .
Ou tho left-hand Bide of the carriage
wuy, as you outer Pere la Chaise, in !
Paris, stands au immense square build
ing called Lie Mortuairo Publique.
Here the dead aro left for a time prior
to thoirjfiual deposit, and morning aud
evening oneil body i.s carefully exam
ined, ant indications of returning vital
ity watched. Tho lids of tho collins
aro left opm, and every means are
ready at hand to souud the alarm in
cn?o of returning life, and to resusci
tate those who show any si, ns of re
turning consciousness. The French
poople have a morbid fear of being
buried alive, and tho state of catalepsy, j
with its various phuses, has for a mini- !
her of jjgars been tho subject of maturo I
thought^ among the physicians of
France. The danger of hasty sepulture j
has received so many illustrations in
the United States ns to make it a ques
tion opeu to grave discussion and ro
tor m. Tho percentage of thoBe awaken
ing from their long sleep, according to
French statistics, is about one in 400,
and tho probabilities aro that in Eng
land, where tho period between death
and burial is generally six days, and in
America, where tho dead are thrust out
of sight as quick ns possible, the per
centage ?k considerably greater. Un
necessary haste characterizes moat of
our doing upon thia Bide of the ocean ;
but in n? particular are we more inju
dicious, inore guilty of want of feeling
and scientiile shortsightedness than in
the rapidity with which wo disposo of
In tho experience of n medical stu
dent, published in tho January number
of the "Inland Mouthly, by Enrique
Farmer, we find several well-authenti
cated cases, sufficient to fill the mind
with horror and to turn tho thoughts
backward to many faces whoso lifeliko
expression upon their day of departure
from the light of heaven has remained
indelibly impressed upon our memo
ries. We have first the case of a strong
man who dropped away suddenly, was
put in the grave and the sods stamped
upon his coffin. Four days afterward
tho body was found twisted round, an ;
ankle dipy-ioated, hair turned whito and
torn out^ and features distorted in a ;
terrible V-ianuer. There is next tho
case of a'youug lady, beautiful in per- '
sou and accomplishment, laid away 1
hurriedly. Upon removing her remains j
to another cemetery tho open coffin dis- '
closed o-'.'jobed face, lacerated bronst
ami arms, tvjits ot hair strewn about, J
feet draw/' up as is if in wild olfort for !
release, tho finely-chiseled features j
scarred Ivy finger-nails. Less than a
scoro of years ago a young mau, six 1
days after burial, was found turned on 1
nia face, With ono arni bitten to the ?
bono and other evidences of a frightful
death-wrestle. In tho various gravo- \
yards of tho land, where cemeteries
have beca dug over and exhumed, there ?
have beru often found bodies or skelo- ,
tons turned ovflr pn their sides or faces,
with knees drawn up, joints distended, '
hands clenched, arma thrust against their ?
narrow priaon-houBo, lingers twisted in i j
the hair,, and numerous other evidences j
of a Btrupglo too horriblo and agoniz
ing to dream of. In tho old burial
ground in tho city of Brooklyn there ?
waa found the corpse of a young bride,
dressed in wedding garment? of the J
richest whito satin, with bridal veil,
ring, and all tho evidences of wealth I ,
and position. Tho skeleton was found ? }
twisted and displaced, and tho gar- j j
moats grasped ns if in a viso iu the j
clenched fiinger-boues ; oven tho long, j ?
raven tresses, which wiro au glossy and
perfect as ever, were bit fast in the
fleshless teeth, as with the final de
spairing agony of death. Numerous | .
cases of a similar kind havo happened j
hero nnd in England. Only last year a i
woman diod in Pennsylvania and was ;
buried. When her husband, who had
been absout at the time of her death, re
turned, he insisted iq?on exhumation, i
and to tho unutterable dismay of all tho
body waa found ljing upo*~ ita Lice, the
shroud coverod with blood, tho flesh
torn from the loft shoulder, with every
mark that a fearful atruggfo had taken,
placo. But tho most singular case
recorded by tlio medical student ia ono
which carno under his own knowledgo
and manipulation. Among his ne
qnaintances he numbered a yonug and
brunt if ul girl, MisB-, for whom he
cherished a aincere and romantic attach
ment. To his infinito astonishment he j
read in the morning paper that she had
just died and would bo buried to-mor
row. Hurrying to the house ho found
that tho young girl had died of heart
disease, and that the old family physi- j
ciao had pronounced lifo extinct. Her
appearance, connected with this sudden .
taking-oil', convinced him that she was :
only in a tranco. Ho waited upon the '
physician, implored him lo delay this ?
interment -in vain. There was a lino
funeral, an eloquent sermon, tears and 1
(lowers all in proper form and tho ;
fair being wan laid iu the dust and shut
ont forever from lifo and light. As the
clock tolled the hour of midnight the
young student, with tho assistance of
a friend, stood at the grave. Spreading
a blanket upon tho earth, they cut tho
sod and bogan their work. In a few
minutes tho spade touohr-d tho head of
the colliu and, upon rouicviog tho nails,
a deep groan smote upon their oars.
A? tho student cautiously put his hand
within the collin lo lift the body out,
tho hand of tho girl, which was hud
palm downwards over her eves und
forehead, clutched the hand that touch
ed her like a vise, tho mouth at the
same time uttering a most agonizing
groan. Wrapping tho body in blank
ets, tho two students bore it swiftly to
their sanctum, closed the door, and
there a sight, revealed itself which
chilled tho y?nthn with terror and re
morse, Tho hp was bitten through,
shreds of niven hair woro twistet! round
tho lingers, ?nd the left wrist waa din
loeatcd in the unavailing effort? of tho
poor creature to free herself from mis
ery. Once, only once, Hnder tho inilu
ouco of a powerful battery, did eh?
open lier oyes. But nil was over-alto
waa dead-killed by heartless oustoin,
unseemly haste and burial iguorauoo.
Tliere ure nniuy reasons why haBty
burials aro injudicious, not to say in
decorous and nnfeoliug. Tho uso of
opiates aud tho ineroaso of nervous
??peases iii the United States havo cer
tainly had a tendency to develop cases
of catalepsy or trance. A man sud
denly stricken down with apoplexy,
palsy, epilepsy or some ono of tho
many forms of bruin disease ; appar
ently lifo has departed, and he is im
mediately shut up in a box, prayed
over and hurried away with unneces
navy hafte to his last resting-place.
In tho heat ol" summer it is of course
desirable that speedy interment should
take place, but that very heat soonest
develops tho fcigu which no eyes can
mistake-the presence of decomposi
tion. Until tho phenomenon has taken
place it is neither right, reasonable nor
in accordance with common feeling
and decency that a body whioh has
lived its little lifo should be consigned
to tho dust fresh from which it sprung.
Indigo and its Preparation
The dye called " indigo" is obtained
from an herbaceous plant cultivated on
largo plantations in India. Jt ia ont
closo to tho ground with reaping-hooks '
and tied into bundles ; these bundles
on arriving at the factory are measured i
by a chaiu, being paid for to the ryots f
at a fixed rate pf so many bundles for a t
rupee, each man getting a paper stating '
tho number of bundles ho has given in t
each day. A millicieut quantity of
plant having arrived, tho filling of the t
vats commences, the bundles of plant JJ
aro put into the upper row of vata till t
they aro Ulled, bamboos are laid across, a
and two heavy beams of wood aro fj
tightly screwed down over them. The
tilling of tho vats being completed,
miter is pumped into them from a res- -,
srvoir closo at hand, theso pumps being
worked by coolies' feet trending them,
something after tho fashion of a tread- t'
mill. Thvj plant ia left steeping, nc- k
roding to tho weather, from eight to
:en hours, it- being tho duty of tho
'rung mistreo"-t]io mau who looks n
?.tor fha /l^toSjfxof fhematl.ufaetnring- ?
;o say when tho plugs closing VU?-jpSSi ^
ngs leading from tho higher to the ^
ower vats aro to bo reopened and tho
Tater allowed to How into tho lower
mts. Thia done, tho boaters get in,
light uieu to each vat, and commence H
tenting tho water with long polis 1
ihapoti Uko paddles. Tho bealing of s
;lio vats generally takes about two d
lours. The beaters present a moat ex- H<
?raordinary appearance as they step ont t!
rom tho vats, dyed from head to foot a
lark bitte, which gives their bronze ft
ikins a curious tinge by which vat u
loolies may bo known for weeks af tor ?,
ho manufacturing. Tho beating of q
ho vats over tho indigo subsides ; tho h
vasto water is carried off by means of a
Irain, and tho iudigo flows by anotuor
train to tho reservoir, whence it is _
ntinped into tho boiler, boiled, rna oft j.(
o a table, pressed, anil carried to tho ^
Iryiug-houiio us before described ; from
ho time tho plant is eut till tho indigo _|
?eaches the drying- house occupying
rom two to three days. On the proper
iteopiug, beating, and boiling of the
udigo in a great measure depends the 0
nudity of the produce, though tho soil *
>n which it is grown and tho water in F
?vhich it is steeped also materially affect (:
t. Tho manufacturing season general- v
y lasts about tlx weeks, aud the iudigo .
a fit for packing about tho beginning 1
if November. Before packing com
inonoea sample cakes of each day's i
manufacturo are examined, and tho in- -
ligo arranged according to oolor, so ']
;hat each chest may bo of as uniform a t
piaiity as possible. j
Sheep on ?a Farr.). 1
Sheep aro undervalued by tho mass '
land-holders as rt means of keeping up
:ho fertility of tho soil and putting J
money into the pockets of formers. '
Tho "moment ono begins to talk of F
sheep husbandry, the listener or render F
begins to look for wool quotations, as t
if wocl was all that yields prolit from t
sheep. Ono might as well look for c
wheat quotations alone when there is t
talk about the prolit of farming.
Sheep on a farm yield both wool and
mutton. They multiply with grout
rapidity. They aro the best of farra t
scavengers, " cleaning a Held" na no r.
other class of animals will. Thoy give t
back to the farm moro in proportion to 1
what they take from it than any other 1
animal, and distribute it better with a <
view to the futuro fertility of the soil, i
Prove this? There is no need of proof
to those who have kept sheep, and
know their habits and the profits they
yield. To prove it to those who havo
not the experience, it in necessary they
should try tho experiment or accept Ihe
testimony ot" an experienced shepherd.
But tho live stock o? a farm should
not, necessarily, be sheep, exclusively.
Cattle, h?rnen, swine, have (heir re
spect ?ve places in tho farm economy.
Flow many of euch to koop is a ques
tion that locality, character of markets,
adaptation of soil, predisposition, taste
and skill ol the husband mau must, de
cide. .But one thing ought nit lobs
forgotten, that the more stock a man
keeps on his farm the mort) gru^n aud
it ought to, niel, if properly managed,
it will grow. The ratas of increase
will correspond with the business tact,
technical and practical knowledge,'end
skill ol tin- husbandman. Nt'w )"//:
FACTS AND FANCIES.
-Transmission of money by poBt in
RuBsia is expressly forbidden, and tho
money ?H liable to confiscation.
-Kid unod on a railroad signifies
danger, and Baya stop. It ir. tho samo
thing displayed on a man's HOBO.
-A porson of inquiring turu of
mind asked, " DoeB tho Lord love a
man who swonds at a church festival
the money ho owes Iii? washerwoman?"
- A SI, '100, OOO, OOO tract deed bas iuBt
been put on reccord in Denver. Rich
men have to study arithmetic out
-What sort of grammar is it which
compels a person to say, "I Baw four
deer in ono drove," but won't let him
say, " there aro ten hog iuthe garden?"
-A tract on "The Wickedness of
Gluttony" is said to have been found
among the good things sent to tho Kan
sas grasshopper Bufferers.
-Texas towns are peculiar. An ex
asperated Dallas paper asks : "DJ
there no ordinance to prevent the firing
off of pistols as a means of alarm in
cases of fire?"
-In an English town twenty barrels
of gun-powder were taken from a shop
and put iu a cart. The driver mounted,
sat on ono of tho barrels, lighted his
pipe and drove away.
-A matter-of-fact, doctor's wife at
tempted to move him by tears. " Ah !"
said he, "tears aro useless. I have
auulayzed them. They contain a little
phosphate of lime, some chlorate of
limo and water. "
-A lamp-chimney may bo made al
nost indestruotable by putting it over
he fire in a vessel of hot water and let
ing it remain until the water boils. It
pill bo found that boiling toughens in
-Tho newspaper reporters of Chicago
.ropose to give a theatrical ontertain
aent at an early day for the benefit of
he poor of that city. It will not be
dvisablo to marry into a poor family,
hough, on this account.
-Mr. George Smith has discovered^
mong the Assyrian tablets in tho-Brit-'
nh museum the legend of the building
f the Tower of Babel. Tho discovery.
i quite as important as that of the
iblet relating to tho dolnge, made
nown by the same gentleman.
-Sentiment is nothing bnt senti
ent. An ex-army captain, fin Col-*
ad~no flag, and so'Huey' wrapped him
i a coffco-sack, and ho exclaimed :
Ah! may you all die as proudly ! "
-Alexander Dumas,' it is said,-neve*
ketches a scheme for any of his pieces.
Io takes for a ^four-act. picco noventy
uvon big pnges^pf blue paper. Ho
evoteu t wenty pag?is euch to tho first,
econd and third acts, and seventeen to
-You're right there, Tookey. Thero's
Hays two 'pinions. Thero's the 'pinion
man has of hiniseu, and thero's tho
?inion other folks have on him.
.'hcr'd by two 'pinions about a crneked
ell if the bell could hear itself.
-A dry goods clerk lately dropped
LiiiselcHs' behind tho counter white
aiitiug on customers. Tho fomalo cus
nucr for whom ho had pulled down
very bolt of calico on the sholves
uietly requested tho proprietor to re
tove tho iscambrance and send ou an
" - When a girl crops hor front hair
nd pulls it down over her forehoud like
Mexican Mustang, and then ties a
(ieee of red velvet round her neok, who
an wonder at tho number of palo-faced
'oitng men that throw away their abo
lition and pass sleepless nights iu try
ug to raise down uu their nppor lips?
-Tho Troy Times says : At n party
MI Fourth street the; other night a
roung gentleman tried to coax a young
ady to play ou the piano. She said
iouldn't. "Why" said he, "you can
day tho * Blue Danube' waltz, can't
roil?" "No," said she, "but I oau^
day penny ?nie just like a little manV , ?>
ibo is beautiful and accomplished.
-"Yes, sir," yelled a preacher in a
Dakota church one Sunday morning,
' there's more lying and swearing and
.foaling and general deviltry to tho
iquare indi in thia here towu than all
ho rest of the American country," and
hen the congregation got up and
lumped tho preaohor out of tho win
low. _ |
The Vesper Bell.
To tho traveler in Spanish America,
rhe striking of thc vesper bells oxer
?ses a potent charm. As tho usage re
pines everyone to halt, no mnttor were
io may be, at tho first stroke of tho
jell, to ihtorrupt his conversation, how
ever important, and listen without stir
ring until tho conclusion of tho chime,
tho singularity of a whole population
surprised iii a moment, as it comes and
goes, hold in a state of petrification,
und paralyzed as if by on encounter,
may bo imagined. On every side you
seo gestures interrupted, mouths half
opened for the arrested remark, smiles
liugeriug or passing into an expression
of prayer ; you would fancy them n
tuition of statues. A town in South
America at thc tinkle of the Angelus
resembles tho city in tho "Arabi.ui
Nights" whoso inhabitants aro turned
into stones. Tho magician hero is the
bell ringer; but hardly bas tho vibra
tion censed when a universal murmur
arises from these thonuaude of oppress*
od lungs. Hands nieot hands, ques
tions seek answers, conversations re
sumo their conrso; horses feel the loos
ened bridlo and paw tho ground ; dogs
hark, babieH cry, tho fathers sing, the
mot lu rs chatter. Tho accident al turns
thus given to conversation aro many.