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THE FREE CITIZEN
ORANCEBURG, S. C.
E. A. WEBSTER, - - - Editor.
Av WEBSTER, PUBLISHER.
ON? Corr, ONE YEAR, - - - ?2.00
Invariably in Advance.
ADI! I will como 'A ear" td you to judgement* ?nd
I will be a swift witness against the sorcer
ers, acd ngnhfst the adulterers, and against
fatso swearers, and against those that op
pr??s Ure hireling in lus wages, the widow
und tifo fatherless, nnd that turn aside thc
stranger from his right, and fear not me,
saith thc Lord of Hosts.-MALACHI, HI, 6.
We are not responsible for tho views cf our
Advertisements to ho inserted In thc CITIZEN
munt be received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted at One Dollar per
inch, for thc first insertion. Further terms cnn
be had on application to the Editor or rubl'e-.nor.
Communications on matters of State or Local
interest, respectfully solicited.
All orders for Job Flinting loft at '.nls office
will receive prompt attention.
Agor.ts and Correspondents WAnted In all
Towns of tho Counlv.
SATURDAY, APrtIL 10,1875.
"We invito attention to the law con
cerning newspapers :
1; Subscribers who do not give ex
press notice to the contrary are con
sidered as wishing lo continue their
2. If subscribers wish their paper!
discontinued publishers may continue j
to send them until all charges arc
3. If subscribers neglect or refuse j
to take their papers from thc ollices j
or places to which they arc sent, they j
are held responsible until they sollie
their bill and give notice to discon
<i. If subscribers move to other
places, without informing tili publish
er, and the paper is sent to the for
mer direction, they arc held respon
sible. Notice should always be
given of removal,
5". The Courts hara decided that
refusing to take a paper or periodical
from the olliec,^or . removing and
leaving it uncalled for, is prima facie
evidence ns intentional fraud.
Falso Insinuations in Regard to the
Tlie editor of the Orangeburg Nexus
dna" Times says :
"Wc have been requested to ask
Mr. "Webster, Secretary of the S. C.
Ag ric vii lu val College to publish an
Account of' the expenditures' of' the
twenty-five thousand dollars' of the
people's money collected as interest
on State Agricultural Bonds."
The above contains Afc* untruth ful
insinuation. The sum mentioned,
nor half of it, has never been pail! by
the people to meet an honest debt
due this institution. On the Agricul
tural College farm, authorized by the
Legislature of our State to be pur
chased for this institution, the secre
tary has been obliged to advance, of
iris own private funds and that bor
r?wedtrowrfriendB, over six thousand
dollars, to prevent the foreclosure of
a mortgage held' against it lor thc
i purchase money. Moro than this,
many of the trustees of the college
have been to the expense*- for over
two years, of attending the meetings
of the board, and doing much per
6???l work for tue institution without
receiving^one dollar even for their
traveling expenses. Such men as
Hon. A. J. Willard, Judge Wright
dmd E. J. Donaldson, have faithfully
attended thc meetings of the board,
and have never yet presented a biii
for expenses, for the reason that they
have preferred to give to the institu
tion, rather than ded uct anything
from its scanty funds.
Two years ago the Legislature ap
propriated to be paid one years in
terest on thc money due the college
on the in tercst of Agricultural bonds
amounting to between eleven and
tweivo thousand dollars. Last year
no appropriation was made. Thc
house passed an appropriation for
another year's interest, but thc Sen
ate struck it out, and wo were left
with no means of paying out debts
cc? i trat ed for tho institution. The
first year's appropriation, aa yet, has
only been a little more than half paid.
The State treasurer gives as? a reason
for not paying it, that the requisito
funds have not, as yet, been paid into
Che treasury? Thf* reason why tho
people's money has not got into tho
treasury, ? is ' information which the
editor of the News has promised to
give the public- He at least knows
3omething?of our affairs in this county,
and the people will know more than
sow when he produces thoso "nffida
dts" showing why a "neat little
nie" of thc money from our county
lid notAget into tho State treasury.
Jounty officials, in too many instan
?es, have befen too eager to use the
jeople's money instead of paying it
)ver with strict integrity and prompt
lesrj to the State Treasurer. This is
i?ic reason why tho Agricultural Col
lege is left without funds, .nd the
trustees have not only been obliged
to pay their own expenses, but to
advance their own property to pre
vent the entire loss ami ruin of thc
institution, and this, loo, when the
State is holding funds due thc insti
tution. In this condition of affairs,
a State Senator and editor of om
county, seeks to misleml the public
with tho assumption that 625,000 of
thc people's mony has been paid in
here for the benefit of the institution.
More than this should have been paid,
as some forty thousand is due. No
doubt more would have been paid if
we only had been favored with honest
officials to take charge of the people's
money. Thc Agricultural College
cannot be held responsible for the
money that others have lost. It is
a very easy matter to show what has
become of the scanty amount thal has
been placed at our control ; but there
seems to be many leaks for tho waste
of the people's money before it
leaches Hie objects for which it is in
Sec'y of Agricultural College.
The Southern States.
Thc South needs schools-schools,
schools for whites as well as blacks,
and blacks as well as whites. We do
not say separate schools, nor mixed
schools. That is not thc matter which
we wish now to present, and is one
which as* wc believe, will soon regu
late itself. T?nt good school0 of the
one claf.s or of ti.e ot her, as thc people
shall ?grec upon, ought to be provid
ed -<V,r all thc?cbihTrrnr.- lt- if? erxt?y to
Gee that there never cnn be general
prosperity and a peaceful condition
of society in the South unless thc ele
vating and restraining influences of a
Christian educalien shall ha diffused
among all classes of its population.
A homogeneous white population will
never exist-there, except upon that
condition.- Equal opportunities for
educating their children most also be
provided for' the coloied people.
There* is BO choice in this matter if
the conditions of peace and national
prosperity are to be created in the
South. One-half of the population
can not with safety to the other half,
or the county, be abandoned to gross
ignorance and to the degrading vices
to whieh an ignorant free population
would become the inevitable prey.
Nb: for the sake of both classes of
the populationf for the South,- for the
sake of the whole country, which
must prosper or- suffer together, the
influence of- educatidn-of education
with religion-must bo universally
The system of free com mou-schools
must be everywhere established, and
attendance upon school, if need be,
must be required and enforced. It is
due to the colored man, on the prin
ciple of Christianity, Ihut his oppor
tunities for culture and mental devel
opment s ho n ld be cqnnl to thc white
man's. It is also for thc peace, the
c-Ievalion, thc vii tue, and the prosper
ity, in all respects,-of the white popu
lation and of the country, that he
should have such opportunities and
be urged to improve them. There
fore, as appears evident to us, the
white people of the South could pur
sue no public policy more suicidal for
themselves and for their children, or
in respect to the peacefulness society
and tho material development of tho
South itself, than to obstruct thc pro
gress of education among the blacks.
If they were to continue to do this,
and succeed in it they wonld make
their whole land the abode and tim
nursery of ignorance, licentiousness,
brutality and crime ; a land not sur
passsed irr-these ovils by any portion
of heathendom, or by Sodom itself.
We say these words that our South
ern friends and co-rcligionists who
read them and have some responsibil
ity in molding public sentiment and
policy', may see mere clearly thari'
they have done the pure, tile Chris
tian and patriotic motives which have
actuated the Christian people general'
ly of North to taite a deep interest in the
promotion of education in the South.
Their elforts, their contributions of
of teachers and of money, are not
prompted-by tho spirit of conquest or
party zeal, but by sentiments of phil
anthropy and convictions of duty.
liutr after all that Christiana and
philanthropists of the. North can do,
thc labor the responsibility, tho duty
of establishing free, universal educa
tion rests upon Southern men. The
Federal Government can not assume
the task and burden, lt. cannot pro
vide the money,- nor establish the
schools,- nor enforce attendance.
These things, if done at all, must be
done by the people on thc spot, who
arc to pay thc taxes, arid, in return,
arc to reap an adequate benefit in the
diffusion of culture and thc elevation
A vast responsibility in respect to
thc attainment of these objects rests
upon the religious portion of the pop
ulation') upon whom also rest the
strongest obligations, both as Chria
'lians and citizens. The collective ac
tion of this numerous and influential
class could not but be fell in educat
ing public sentiment and in directing
thc general policy of the Southern
States. Indeed it is not loo much to
say that if they will but cxbrt their
energies, thc religious people ol thc
South hold its social, moral, educa
tional, and consequently its political
destinies hi their own hands ; and if
they are true to the highest interests
of good citizenship, to the b< ncvolent
spirit of Christianity, to th? welfare
o''themselves and their posterity j they
will make their influences polculta!,
and in molding public scnliinent for
thc benefit ol' all classes ol' the popu
lation, poor as well as rich, black as
well as white. Neglect will be turc
to bc followed by disaster. An avenn
! ?ag Nemesis pursues States -is well as
I private crimes.
i When there is manifest : thc South
^generally thc cultivation I < spirit of
fraternity toward their co-rc'. ^ :' ist s
and fellow-eounlrymeu in tho North,
i of patriotism and loyalty t?(^i?#d Ihct
! Nation and General nt,
lund of justice ami benevolence toward
jibe enfranchised blacks, thee will be
no disposition in any quai le;-lo inter
fere in their local affairs. It was on
ly because of the menaces with w hieb
their altitude and policy have threat
ened the great interests of thc nation
itself, and those for which the. Na
tional Government had made itself
responsible, that the policy of inter"
terence was ever taken. It has been
as disagreeable to the North as irk-1
some to the Soulh. Remove entirely
the sense of its necessity, and it will
immediately and forever cease.
Of this the people of the South may j
be sure, the people of the North are
not hostile io them. Even in the
raising of great armies and in bear
ing tire burdens and sacrifices of
war, they were not actuated by a
spirit of animosity, but by a solemn,
overpowering sense of patriotism.
They now desire only that the great
interests of thc nation, to which they
gave costly, ?v?r memorable pledges,
should be protected and transmitted
to posterity unimpaired ;. that equali
ty before the law shall exist not in
name only, but that equal and exact
justice shall be meted out to all by
the laws and in the courts. In secur
ing these objects the North-the .peo
ple generally-desire the hearty co
operation of tho South ; nod they do
not desire Uiat lii? Soulh shall bc
subjected to injustice or oppression.
Weitem Christin Adv?cale.
MKXTAL Is?rTJUN'OK. Thc mental
condition has fdr more influence upon
the bodily health than is generally
supposed. It is no doubt true that ail
ments of body cause depressing and
morbid conditions of the mind ; but
it is no less true that sorrowful and
disagreeable emotions produce disease
in persons who, uninfluenced by them,
would be in sound health ; or if dis
ease is not produced, Ihc functions
arc disordered. Not even physicians
always consider thc importance of
this fact. Agreeable emotions set in
motion nervous currents which stima
late blood, brain, and every part cf
thc system into healthful activity ;
while grief, disappointment of feel
ing, and brooding over present sor
rows or past mistakes depress all the
vital forces. To bo physically well
ono must, in general, be happy. Tho
reverse is cc'?? always true y one may
bo happy and cheerful, and yet be a
constant sufferer in body.-Selected.
- M. Y, O. B. S. '
There are are a great many secret
societies which-have strange hames, ~
and some wb?s? names are unknown v
to outsiders, but whose members use
certain letters'as symbols or initials
to express their character.
It is very true tbat many good men 1
belong to such societies, and people
say if the societies were bad, such 1
good men would not join them ; but
it is just as true that many bad men 1
also belong to them, and if the socio- (
ties were very good these bad men '
might not like them BO well. But 1
really neither of these arguments
prove much, because none of the men 1
knew anything about the societies be
fore they joined themy and all of them '
are sworn not to tell what they have
found out since. So if the men are
so good, or ever so bad, they are
bound not to expose the good or evil
they see, or in any way reveal the se
crets of thc order to which they be
I never like to open my mouth and
shut my eyes at the time. When my
mouth is open I keep my eyes open
too ;-when my eyes are shut I think
it is time to shut my eyes also. Hats .
and mice sometimes get into places
they do not know much about, and
sometimes never get out again nlive.
I prefer not to go into a place till I
know what I go in for, and how and
when I get ont again. And I do not
make promises to people till I kno.v
what they are. . So I do not join such
secret societies, and I do not advise
other people to join them.
There is one society, however, to
which I should bc glad to have all my
friends belong. AU can join it, old
and young, male and female, white
and black. It costs nothing for in
itiation, regalia, or show. There are
no oaths taken, no pass-word, or
grips, and no secrets, constitutions,
nor bylaws to bc learned. This soci
ety has among its members most ol'
thc good men and great of all ages.
You can join it at any time, no mat
I ter where you aro. It makes people
more happy, their families more
peaceable, and their homes more
quiet, when all belong lo this society.
lt is more ancient than any other.- |
tts members aro, many - oJUbem^Lu^l} J.
known and greatly respected. ?
They are very peaceable, quiet and
thrifty. I heard of ono man who
made a thousand dollars in a year by
belonging to this society ;-some have
made still more, some less. By be
longing to this society men keep out
of many troubles difficulties, and
avoid a great deal of vice and sin.
No good man ever made any objec
to belonging to this society, and the
best of men have always been mem
bers of the M. Y. O. B. ?.
Would you like to join- it? You
can "Where?" Anywhere-here.
"When?" Now. S-bal*1 tell you the
full name of the M. Y. O: B. S. ? Soft
ly then-*let me whisper it in your
ear ; it is the "Mind Your Own Busi
ness- Society." Better join lt at onoe.
SMALL MEANS. Thc power of
money is on tho whole over estimated.
The greatest things which have been
done for thc world' have not been by
rich men, or by subscription lists,
but by men generally of email means.
The think8rs, discoverers, inventors
and artists, have been men of moder
ate wealth, many of them little raised
above thc condition of manual labor
ers in point of wordly circumstances.
And it will always bo so. Riches
are oftener an impediment than a
stimulus to action, and in many cas
es they are as much a misfortune as
a blessing. The youth who inherits
wealth is apt to have lifo made too
easy for him, and he soon grows sated
with it, because he has nothing io de
sire. Having no special object to
struggle for ho finds time heavy on
his hands \ remains morally and men
tally asleep ;. and his position in so
ciety is often no higher than that of a
polypus over which the tide floats.
Frauds and peculations have been
discovered in the management of thc
Southern Indiana Slate Prison, by a
Legislative Committee of that Stale.
The lor/ compelling children to at
tend school is Working well in New
Hampshire. The number of children
not attending school has been dimin
ished from 4,602 in 1872 to 4,680 in
1873, and 2,598 in 1874, a total of
44 per cent.
ADVERTIS EMEN TS.
5TATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
OFFICE SECRETARY OF STATE,
COLUMBIA, S. C. Feb. 4>,h, 1875.'
The FREE' CITIZEN is hereby
lesignated as one of the newspapers
br the publication of all- l&gal no
ices, and official advertisements for
he County of Orangeburg, under the
kct approved February 22d, 1870,
mtitled "An Act to regulate the
inblication of all legal and public
lotices and all former orders of this
Board in conflict with this is hereby
H. E. HAYNE,
Sec'y of State and Sec'y of Board'.
I, H. E. HAT?E, Secretary of State,
do hereby certify that the foregoing
is a true and correct copy of the orig
inal, now on file in this office.
H. E. HAYNE,
Secretary of State.
.? Complete Pictorial History of the
Times"-" The beslr cfieapest,
and most successful Family Pa
per in the Union
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The WEEKLY maintains a positivo posi
tion, expresses decided views on political
and social problems.-Louisville Churiir
Its articles are models of hi?di-toned
discussion, and its pictorial illustrations
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Its papers upon existent questions and
its inimitable cartoons help to mould the
sentiments, of tho country.-Pittsburgh
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ur, two ot'ltnrp?r'? I'urlorltttalB, to ont for one
yenr, *7.00: pomace tree.
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or Brujir will br : ; ri;' ti Kl?t':? for every Club
or Five KiUi?cr't t?r.'.it rl?,fli)p(.,!ij?u oin.' rcr^il
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cimiprUing Eighteen Volumes, scot on receipt
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penne of purchnser.
Newspapers nro not to copy thi-< mrocrlscmcnt
wiUiout the exprehS orders of IlAiti-mt &
HARPER A BROTHERS, New York.
T. KO H fl & BRO.,
The Brick Store,
Are selling off their
Being slightly damaged by removal.
-: o :
The Goods Must be Sold,
And arc selling for whatever they
Come at once and secure
Rare Bargains :
\7C mean BUSINESS, as we ncet
Theodore Eohn & Bro.
At MCMASTER'S BRICK STORE
Orangeburg, Jan. 21,1878.
ADV ER T IS E M E N T S.
?UIAND O P?NING I
I will operi'thl? morulhj* a lot of the
ever offered iii tlile market, combating of
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONG Si?
And in order to cultivate a trade for
these fine grades I wiH sell- them
"V "E It Y LOW,
I have also received this morning another*
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for me from the
Fiucbit fsiolcfcrtotl "Wlioctt,
I have never had a complaint of
this brawl of flour.
JjironTAN-T NOTICE !
Inferior KEROSENE OIL is so dan*
g?rons and so many accidents hnve oc
curred from its uso, 1 have been induced,
at the repented solicitation of my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their tree. 1 have Just receive ten?
;P??RE WHITE E?&G!Bj&
Of 121 fire test. I will sell this Pure
Oil cheaper than the same grade of Oil
can be sold at in this city. Families use
lug this Cit are safe. The tue of tho
common Oils now
FLOODING THE* HARRIET
is equivalent to folnfftag kat? tte fatally
destructif? and death-!
1 have also received:
! IO Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Hams,.
10 Boxes Cream Cheeoe, direct from;
25 Firkins Goshen Butter,direct from,
the Dairy, which hes all the:
freshness and flavor of tho flow
5 Tierces o0 Baltimore Sugar-Cured
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerelr
averaging twenty ounces.
2? Sacks Laguayra Coffee* equal to*
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio
With a full supply of
Fresh and Good.
My stock I? full, with prices low ant?
good times coming.
Thanking the public for their yery lib
I j eral patronage, ami soliciting its contin
uance, I will do my best to merit tho
Columbi*, Go. Ca.