Newspaper Page Text
THE FREE CITIZEN.
PUBLISH KD AT
O RAN CEBU RC, S. C.
if. ?TWEBSTEII, - - - Editor.
A. WEBSTER;, P?HUSIIKK.
ONS COPY, ONE YEAH, - - - ?2 PP
Invariably in Advance.
And I ?Hil come near to roil to Judgement; "'?1
1 -viii lt? a ? witt witneF* !ix?i'?>t tho eorcer
oti', and against the adulterurs, ami against
fnlte m'i'urcri*, and against llioao that 'op
)>vr?K ila- hireling i'i li IM ??got, tho widow
mut Hiv fatherless, and Unit turn aside Hie
utrnupt'-f from hin right* ?nd fe.tr not inf,
unitli the Lord of Hobie.-MALACHI, III, o. |
Wo are tint iet*i>onsiblo for tho views ol our
Advertisements to i>o inserted in th?? CITIZEN
must be received hy Tltnraday evening.
Advertisements Inaertcd nt One l>?ilJnr per
inch, for the flr>tt insertion. Kui liier toini.H cnn
he bad on application to thu Eillioror I'ublUlior.
Coinniunieatto** on matter.; ol'Slate or Koeal
utterest, respectfully BollcUotb
All ordera for .lol? Printing left at this office
will receive prompt attention.
Anent* and Correspondents wanted in all
Town-, of the County.
SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1875.
We invite attention to the law con
1. Subscribers who do not give ex
press notice to the contrary are con
uidered as wishing to oeuii-iue their
?. If subscribers wish their papet
discontinued publishers may continue
to seud thorn until all charges are
8. If subscribers neglect or rc fuse
to take their papers from thc offices
?r places to which they arc sent, they
are held responsible until they settle
their bill and give notice to discon
.i. If subscribers move to other
places without informing Ilia publish
and Hie paper is sent to the for
. er dircctiou, they are held respon
d?.de. Notice should always be
en of removal.
."}. The Courts have decided that
rr fusing to take a paper or periodical
fi t'in the office* or removing and
? ving ii u$?$U3l3 fis** -s \fftvML facie
lenee f.??0S?^(oui? fraud.
There has been too much of this
bu -incas done in every part of the
co ntry, especially in Hie Non li it
inls been of late cpiite over done, anti
the heavy stone tho strikers were
dulbining to roll up the hill is recoil
ing upon them ?el ves. This work is
really working iddlencss and ruin.
It is better to he content with fair
wages and constant work. We leam
that this bad example ia being follow
ed here in the South, and i hat t he
SfK'tion hands between ilranchvUlc
mid Columbia are on a strike for
higher pay, it is cpiite a question how
ever about their gaining anything in
We arc in favor of strikes against
thc use ol'tobacco and whiskey, and
?il kinda of intemperance andextrav
HTI03. An increase of wealth does not
depend so much on what we earn aa
what wc save. From the inst, not
on?yr>f Hie agitators for more wages
and fewer hours of work has intimated
timi among themselves there was nny
abing to be changed-any habits to
he improved, any effort whatever to
l>e made for a better way of lifo, ex
cept to obtain more pay for fewer
hours work. Thc leaders of the woik
ingmen's movement are blind to the
simplest principles of domestic and
politfca.1 economy. There has been
no indication whatever by them that
they know that an improved condition
depends not less upon savings than
Tho workingmen, if they wish to
better their way ol life, must do it as
all others must-that is, begin nt.
home. If they eothiue to spend their
earnings thoughtlessly as moat ol
them do, they must always be poor
no matter what their wages may be.
In this country the workingmen may
always, aa a body improve their eon
ditton and attain a position of com
p?tence, comfort, and respect, if they
will observe the conditions that arc
absolutely noccssary to that end-thu
conditions by which only pthcrs have
riacu to such positions and by which
they also maintain them.
Applause is the spur of noble
mindr*. the end and aim ol' weak onea.
The Great Libel Suit.
STATE OK SOOTH (.'AKUI.:NA, | J
COUNTY or OKAKOKBUUU, /
JN TUE COMMON I'LEAS.
Barbabas Williamson, PlaiutiU', vs.
Alonzo Wehster ami Eugene A. j
The ptain titi, complaining of the
defendants alleges :
First, For a First cause of Action : \
I. Thal the plaintiff, prior to the
time ol the commission ol' the griev- :
anees hereinafter mentioned, hail j
been engaged in business in the town j
and County of Orangeburg in the
said State as clerk ii: the olliee of
.John L. Humbert, who was then the
Country Treasurer for tho Couim
II. That at the time of the com
mission of the saiil grievances, tile ;
plaintif! was engaged in business in
the said town and county-, :es clerk iii !
the cilice ol John Ll. Livingston,'
E q.. who was then, and still is, iee
County Treasurer for ibo conni}
JIL That until the commission ul
the said grievances, thc plaintif! had
ul way 8 maintained a good repu talion
for honesty and iutegrily, and hud
not been guilty ol any ol' ?he olleiices
charged against bim in lue libel here
inafter set forth.
IV. That tl e success of the plaint
iff in his business as clerk as afore
said depended on his good repu talion
and ci edit, and on the confidence of
the public iu his honesty and integ
i ri ly.
That at the time hereinafter men
Lioucd, the defendant, Eugene A.
Webster was the editor and proprie
tor, and the defendant, Alonzo Web
ster, was the publisher of thc Free
Citizen, a newspaper published in the
town of Orangeburg, in the county
and State aforesaid.
VI. Tbatont.be thirteenth day ot
January, A. D. 1875, the defendants
maliciously composed and published,
concerning the plaintiff, in the said
newspaper, a certain article, contain
ing the false an?! defamatory matter
following, to wit :
..An inexperienced young mau"
[(meaning the said John L. Humbert)
? "was appointed- .-through ? .bulge A.n.
?lfews,**'*(mefo?t?fg tntilVd?us^CTi An
drews, then lind now Stale Senatoi
for sairl county) ** to ibo ros ponai blt
poulton of treasurer," (memling
County Treasurer for Oraiigehurj
County,) "Mr. Williamson (mean
ing tlie plaintiff) "who bad served i?
that capacity for Judge Andrew, win
Humbert's chief clerk, and held n
key to the safe," (mea: ing ?he sufi
of lin; County Treasurer for saki
county.) ?No person in the office,
(meaning the said County Treasur
er's office) "could better know ol iii
management than Mr. Williamson
If anything was wrong to bis ki un i
edge, he was in a position lo info n
Judye Andrews, who could have Ibu
treasurer removed ut pleasure. 15.ii
thc internal workings of the office ari
kept carefully concealed, iiniil fund;
have escaped from its carefully
guarded vaults to the moonul.
$24,000." (meaning that tn.-re wa?
stolen from the sale aforesaid of ih
said County Treasurer the sum o
twenty .four thousand dollar* ) kThei
when the facts ure forced upon Iii
public; they are asked lo believe lim
no one guilty bul the iinioiliimtii
young man, (meaning the said .1 ...i
SJ. Humbert) who hits been rakiii?
bis official lessons under i.hii guard
iausiiip of experienced I ii tors" (mein
ing the plaintiff and the .said Thad
deus C. Andrews.; "limnhui I h ai
been promised exemption from pun
ishmeht on certain conditions, ami ii
the meantime adroit plans have bee!
laid t<i ruin his testimony." ".Now
in regard td this whole matter, then
is a fearful responsibility somewhere
Noone believes that Humbert is tin
only guilty party. We do not sa.i
that it belong? lo Senator Andrews,'
menning thereby lo charge thal th
plaintiff was guilty of grand larceny
and of siealing and embezzling th
public moneys in the office of lb
County Treasurer for said county.
VII. That the said publication w?
calculated lo degrade the plainiill i
the opinion of (he community, to ii
jute bim in his business us clerk'fl
aforesaid, and to blacken and injin
bis reputation for honesty and in lei
VIII. That by means of the sai
publication the plaintiff was injure'
**SBSSSB? i ?I i-i? >M 11?] jw i? i ii i Mil sm 'Vfifftasix
in his business and repniniiou [ive
Secondly^ For a second :? r
[INTERLUDE--SAMK AS KUI ?
[SECOND VERSE J
Vi. Thai ?ni lite .- xiii day ol Fyi
mary, A. D. 1875; tito defendants
malicious! v composed timi published
Concerning tile pluill'.itl, ?ll lilO Stli'i
newspaper, a certain article ci ijl tin
lug till* ftllsC .'Old U; MUMllMA M-ufcl'
lotion i i ? i-f ? !?? w i! :
.. Til" argument, ol' iii- liUt'l;:e M;
"Oiir readers ?viii recollect tm article
ill OUT IS-UO ol' last, neck, ii pou
Cou it ty All-its." I? contained fi :
e rou oe lo Hie well-known fuel ?
depleted trcasiit*) ?uti* roi''fi of otu
county fin?is," (meaning that u | |vg<
amount ol' (millie ino tic vs litiil boen
stol? ii from the < .!!'. ? of the < !ti hi i
Treasurer IbrOrangoluirg Conni . I -
ring L?K? elli 'lui Lorin ol'John L. ri
bert, a> County Treasurer loi uii
county.) "Ii seems that'Mr. Will
sou" (meaning Li-.c plaintiff) 'il
hort's chief clerk, thought hiuist:lC?tO(i
intimately iden ii lied with these Iron
actions us indicated in iJio tiriii le in
quostion." * * ,y "TII'H ar
gument ot Hie bludgeon (u anini!
:t personal ?illei cation bet ween lin
plaintiff and ibo said Eugene A.
Webster) "can accomplish eorlain
objects, while lhere are others quito
beyond ils reach. Although this
champion ol' the elah (.meaning i lie
plaintiff) may ble-dihily brandi li bis
weapon, y el its menace or it-- bows
cannot hush into silence the truth
telling whispers Of hisowncouci ? rrta
nor can fill tlie em pty vaults ol' our
depicted treasury ; nor eau sue!) lias?
tai di/, deeds cause the people <.; lh.
couniy to believe that himself (nu ail
ing the plaintiff) ami the protein
Senator of ??ur county were i:? bliss
ful ignorance of what was being d ?iii
when these vaults wer?.- ?King qtiii il,
emptied," (monning thereby in ch?rgi
that tho pluiulilf ivas guilty of gi'iin
larceny, and dial the plaintiff .wau an
accessory in the robbery of the pu tin
moneys tn the . Hice of the, CoMiity
Treasurer of said county to rt h rge
I Thirdly, Foi << th.'ri! cutts*! ftjS oc
' ( :. Si TER LUD K -:< A M K A M Pa r.i. u p. j
? Lill i ic : ? V::USK j
V?. That on tue thirteenth > o!
Febri?uiy, A. D. LS75, ihe.dei'ei
maliciously COUIJ !i->vil and [inhibited
concerning the plaintiff in ilie j.-tiil
! newspaper the false anil defumfttniy
? mai Lei* Ibllovvieu. lb ? ?t ;
'Our t'ounly Treasurer. M
I.Jervi v ii.diodueed th'i lol low
I olulion in lite Si-nalc :"
j " lies'.I ced, That Ibo t.iea-'urei oj
Orangehurg Comity be requested,
within fi ve days. ? < inforni ( bi Si nate
: w!he?.htJr lui has ?., his t > : 111 J . . > i. ii?
[clerk, mtv MO j >?t ?n or in'iS'i i .- ... .
ed wiiti thal Pillee tiuHUg Mn for
Innate period in ivs a I ht i rs, tvhe'ij a
larg? ainoutii .va- fraudulently ex
tracted from the treasury ol ii]
0< 'Hill v ."
"li would mil be reinal kuhl*.: il our
\i- iv i ii ?
I li lend \Villuiui?on (uvanmu Ul?
plaintiff) slii'Mild bave Ins mum- men
tioned iii un unpleasant cbuncci ..i
In. i ii i? Stale Senate, and bis presence
..?..il cinii <). ic(jiiire<l for ihe viiubi n
lion of bis itha rael tir," mesning ;:
j by LO charge i-hul the pluiulilf iva
guilty of g'.tnd larceny, and of beji ?
: au. accomplice in Mm fraudulent ex
traction of the public moneys in iii
ollleo of ibo ?aid John L. [Iiiinli-?H
as Cou uti Ticasurer for .said ?otui \
Ft tit flirty. For a fourth cm
nc1 ion :
[IN TE ?LUD K- s.v MK AS PIIKLI IO .j
[FOURTH VERSE ]
VI. Thal on tho i Iiir eenth day ol
Feliniitry, A. 1). 1375. ibo defend?
I ants maliciously co tn po.--ed anti pub;
lished coneeiuiiig the plaintilf, in Lifo
said newspaper, an article contain
ing the faloc and defamatory mallei
following, lo wit :
"Humbert's Chief Clerk" (mean i ne
the plaintiff.) "We leam that ri res
olulion was nimrod in the Senate re
?quiring our treasurer," (meaning tin
said John IL Livingston, Couiiti
Treasurer for tho said Count) ol Or
tingoburg) "to report whether be Inti
employed in (he treasury oflloe any
one who v\as thus etnployetl (lurijifi
!the lime when its vaults were fraud;
? ulently emptied. Is any one in doun]
j who is referred to? Tho chief clerk
. pi* ?ur present treasurer (menning the
plaintiff) "hears ti striking resem
! bianco t<> the individual whoso abili
ty ami experience were wasted upon
Humbert" (meaning the said John L.
Humbert,) '-and is supposed lo be
tho om- Senator Andrews solecletl lo j
I tu.mini i's nuiimgemeiit : who would <
believe thai the olilV (theunttig Ute
office ot* thu said John h. Humbert,
. Count) Treasurer as aforesaid) "< mihi
bi loscly kepi withotd his khdwlodge.
ile" (meaning tho plaintiff) "denied
Imving a kev to Ute sale." (meaning
the safe <>|'! lie Cou il li') Treasurer tor;
: > said cob lily) ..on' Humbert as
serts timi his chief clerk 'did have j
one. This Si ems to lu: a tender sp:.-! ;
?\ i! ii him, (meaning the plaintiff) and j
lie sei-ks willi a bludgeon tiwi I lie ?
conduct ol a bully, to enforce lite coi
tcctucss of his denials Kui <h>es lie
net like an innocent, injured niau?
Nay, rather is not bia conduct au in?
lentiai proof of his gttiil '("meaning
Him oby t?? charge that lin- plaintiff
S guilt*, ol' gl and larceny, and ol'
stealing ami embezzling the public
moneys in the biticc of tue County
Treasurer for the Couul) ol Orange
Wherefore ile- plaintitl' demands
judgment against thc defendants ibr
the sum of twenty thousand dol?;:!.-,,
IX LAR & DI BULK,
i [u the above complaint the matter
. inclosed in brackets -sas no part of
ilie original, but inserted by us to
stive space, and the trouble of re
selling; t he same tura lei .-Ed.
Tni? "EASY CUAIH" CONCKUMNG
I HAUI'KK. This is the three buudredlh
I number of Harper's Mau<<zi>ie, the
J last number ol'its Iweut)-fifth year.
? With June it begins its twenty-sixth
year ami its fifty-first volume. Thus?
ol' its friends who have the early num
bers still reeog uize lim familiar exte
rior, for that has never changed. The
little cherub, its good genius, .still sit=
U|J atoll de striding the world in sign
?of the universal sympathy to which
? he appeals, und blowing his rainbow
I hubble io token ol' the height, ami
?^pTcnarrntti way iu which l??j seeks te- e'h
tertalu the world. The little minis
i tees at his side sid I scal ier the fi ?w
brs ol' wit nouant e and w Stlom w'.iici
l'or a ?piarter of a century have been
dropping lu?.II their hull'ls ; ami wi
I ike lo iielievo thai, ?he ?vcil-kuowii
yellow cover, with i M blithe itn..| airy
ligures, lia? come to seem to many un<
: nan j a reatlei' and linn.; mit the sere
I aspect id' encroaching age, but th?
>u ii ii)' brightness of perpetual fresh
ii'"' '. und morning.
* ? * 1 m
Through ali limsc iwi ty-live yetti-:
ami these three hundred ?utinhers. i
ia a Very plensaiti thoa g I ri. thai ila
...m!-. between the ?Magazine and i:?
j leader?have heno c ?o-a '.liv strength
..i.iiig, ami that :. mrus toward iu
I i i cen ii ry .vith a firmer holli upoi
public than e ver, lt tuts seen maiij
...I many companions spring u?
I ;i . Kiln I it, ?oiue . ?f w ho ? Uiive fulhh
asleep, white others an wide aw k?1
I i itiinitig theil i u.lo joy otis ly. I'..
Old Gra ha m and Un litturmiliimutuiu
. lJ,t< MI m--ii? iniich td win ?i>e esl a lo l?
.. '.iniic has fallen hen-word th
lino i popular of its earl) compeer:
. riie\ are til: gone, -<ml the vouiiiie
'toni lire prosperous und enterprisinn
.II I furnish with fluffier a month)
least ?Vilich to thc reader of Graham'
Magazine thirty yeats agu wouli
seem miraculous lui-its variety am
. Hence. During all this time, toi
general character of this periodi
?as not essentially changed, i
h i-,, of bourse, Immensely improved
.mel it, is, we muy say, equally <.
I course, very much better to-tluy tba
ever before, simply because the ri
sources ol a magazine to-day aies
J very much greater than they wer
I, we tit) -live years ago. Anti if th
general character is much the satin
whatever thu advance in dovelopineu
may be, it is because the original cot
ccplioh of what a magazine iu Atuci
tea should bu was so felicitous au
?..cuate. The immense success an
popularity of the Monthly prove il.
. KmTbft's KASY CnAIK, in Harpur
MiajuzincJ 'r May.
? When Plato was tobi litat he hn
I many enende? who spoke ill of bin
' he replied, "lt is no matter, I sha
' try ttl live so that no one will belie*,
ADV E R T 1 8 15 M E N T F> .
Ml SCELLAS EOUS.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
OFFICE SLCKET?UY OF STATE,
COLUMMIA, N. C. Feb. -Mi, 1875.
Tho FREE Ci l IZEN is hereby
designated as one of the newspapers
for the publication of all legal no
i ices, and otlh ial advertisements for
iii?; Cou nu of Orungeburg. nuder the
Act approved February 22d, 1S7?
entitled -'An Act io regulate the
publication ol all legal and public
notices .-Hid ul! funner orders of this
Board m t.'o:.tii<:i with this is hereby
ll. E. li A Y NE,
Sec'y of State and Sec'y of Board.
I, ll. E. HAYNE, Secretary of State,
clo hereby certify that tue foregoing
. - i, l ine .md coi reut copy of ilse <u tg
inal, now on file in this ofllcc.
il. E. HAY NE,
Secretary ol' ."State.
.. Com plate Pictorial History of thc
Tina's '-14 The best, cheapest,
tittil most successful Ifathily Pu
i 'i r iii the Uh ion
H a r p e r ' s Week ly.
y >>(<:: a oj the Press,
'I'lie Weekly i- the ablest anil most pow
er!ul illustrated periodical published in
tlii-- eeunt r\. Its i dilorhds are .scholar))
a ml tMUivineinjr, anti carry much wehrht.
h.- ?Musi rations of current event- an; full
ami Iri.'-h. anil are prepared hy our hos I
designers. U itliii circulation of 150,000,
the WEEKLY is read hy at least haifa
million pei suns, and Us influence as an
oi irau oi opinion is simply I renie minus.
Tlie WEEKLY midiiinhis a positive po-i
iion, expresses decided views on political
ami social problems.-Louisville Charit r
lt.- anieles are models of hi di-timeil
discussion, ami its pictorial illustrations
are often corrntuiriittvc arguments ol' mi
-niall fore --JV. 1' Examiner and Chron
Its papers upon exi-tont questions anti
iii iiiiiuilutile cartoons help to mould ile
-t-miun-ni- vii thc country.- Pillsbury!,
T lt: It 31 ? :
P?stagp.frec tv oil Subscribers in the If. <S"
ll.viM'KH'* WiiKKt.v, one year . . , *4.<?o
fi.ni liiciutlt-K |irc]iiiyitunu y'i'U. S. pnfituge by
tlie imbliiiburs. .
Subset'iptioiiH to ll;ii-|ierV Magazine, Weokly,
ami litiziir, to mic mhtrcss for uno year, f 10.0ft;
or, iwn ui'RurnerV I'crloitictils, loone tor ont:
vom-, ?7ip0: i-.'-tav-- IViw;
An Extra Co|iy,ol'citl ?-th? Muaariiiii,\Vi;i-kl\'
ur Uiizai* Will lin ?ii|iplien (ii iitis |oi evory rion
. c THO Siilirgrltioiv.iil ii|..i>M)iir.Ii, bi Liu' v> i.'u
t!iin:i'; <>r, fi ix (.'Minc? fur .fitu-u, ivitJi?nil ex; m
?UIfy i-o.-lfiff lier.
Tiiick Nttinbifi-H i-nn bo i>i|.lilied,ut am lim..-.
Tho Animal Volume ?>; ll iriMir's W'?ekiy, in
nt?iu Holli bl niling, win bo ?sont l'y i;.*i>rc>s? foi
ol i- ii'ii-t-, fin- tT.Oti IMCII. A toni|ilctc .-.-ct,
cotniirlslng Eighteen Volumes, eon I on recetitt
?>i cash ni Ul? tate ol'?5.25 ju; i vol., ti'cijflilal ox*
?n-ii.-o ol' |)iuoli i ?er.
Ni \\V|i;i|i. i., .ii i- not lo v \\>y tills tn) Vfllsc.metlt
willi..ut ibu express outers ol" ilAUIKI; A
UAUcEK A ItK'OtllKRS, New Yoe*.
T e Brick Store
Are selling olT their
: RESCUED STOCK
Being slightly d aiagcd by removal
-: o :
The Goods Must be Sold
And are selling for whatever thej
: o :
Come at once and secure
We mean BUSINESS, as wc neet
Theodore Kohn & Bro.
At MCMASTEH'S BUICK STOKE
Orangoburg, Jan. 21, 1876.
A D V ? It T I S E M E N T S
r t HANL) Ol* KN I Nu :
[ will Upen iL'.? DlOrtlillg y. Jot Of ills
JTiiiest . eas,
ever offered iii this market, constating ?i
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
j A iel "ni order to cultlviitu a trade for
th?se line grades I ? ?U *t'?i Ut^m
I hftVti also received this luortiint; utiother
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground ?tm! Made especially
for me fruin th??
irinessi feeleeied ^Vlkouic?
I hnv? never hail H complaint Ol
th ia brand .?f rtuiir.
I Mi'OR'f ANT NoTICK !
Inferior KEROSEN li OIL la ?o d?h
I g?rons and so many accidents h ?ve oe
1 - in red from ?rs uso, 1 have boen induced,
:U tim repealed solicit?t ?oil ol my eilst..
mers, to purchase a Hupply of pure Oil
for their u?e. I havo just receive '.in
\r?m WHITE KEROSENE
: i ?t lii-l tire to-t. ? will ??di thlM l'ur?
j Oil cheaper than iii? same yrade or Oil
j eau be .suhl ?it in this eily. Futailles iis?
; bur this Oil are safe. Thc use o? tho
j common Oils now
FLOODING TUE MARKET
is ?quivalent to bringing luto thc family
(leHlructiou atul riimlh!
1 linrt: also rc-cerrud :
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Union.
10 Boxes Creara Cheese, direct from
25 Firkins Goshen Butter, direct, froni
the Dairy, which han all tho
freshness and flavor of the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
10 Barrels of Extra Mesa Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
?5 Sacks Lagnaj ra Coffee, eqtml to
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio
V?'ilh a mil supply of
Fresh and Goad.
Sly ?tock Ia full, with prices low and
good limes coining
Thanking the public for their very lib
eral patronage, and soliciting its contin
uance, I will do my best to merit tho
Columbi?, So. Ca.