Newspaper Page Text
-a aanacagan^?-^ ...... .?m-T^^-rr^r^
fHE FRll GITIZEN.
PUBLISH KD AT
ORANCEBURG, S. C.
JB/X. WiJIiSTEli^ - ~- - "Editor.
A. WEBSTEi:, PimnsuER.
OKB Corr, OSE YRAR? - - ?2.00
And I will come near to yon td judgement; and
I will bu u ?win witness nguiu et lim sorcei>
ors, nnd against nu* adulterers, dud against
false swearers, nuil against those that op
press the hireling i*i Ins wages, tho Widow
an.I thu fatherless, and that turn aside Hie
stranger from his right, and fear ?ot ind,
saith the Loni ol'Hosts.-MAL?AeiM>.llfi 6.
. Wc arc not responsible for the views cf our
Advertisements tobo inserted In Ibo CITIZEN
miihi bu received by Thursday evening. |
Advertisements inserted al Ono Dollar per
inch, for thc Ural Insertion. Further ternis t an
be hail on application to the Kdltoror Publisher.
Communications on mailers bf Slate or Local 1
interest, respectfully solicited. j
All orders for Job Printing left at this office
will receive prompt attention. 1
Agents and Correspondents wanted in all
Towns of tho Conn IV. 1
SATURDAY, APRIL 24, 1875; ,
Newspaper Law. I
Wc invite attention to the law con- ?
Corning newspapers :
1. Subscribers who do not give ex
press notice to thc contrary arc con
sidered as wishing to continue their
2. IT subscribers wish their paper
discontinued publishers may continue
to send them until all charges are
3. If subscribers neglect or refus J
to take their papers from thc ofliccg
or places to which they are sent, the}*
are held responsible until they settle
their bill and give notice to discon
4. If subscribers* move ^to^ other
places without informing ths'pnblish
er, and the paper is sent to thc for
mer direction, they arc held respon
sible. Notice should always bc
given of removal.
5. The Courts "have decided ? that
refusing to take a paper or periodical
from the offee^ or^> removing fthd
"??llYbig^^ prima faciiP
evidence ns'intentional fraud.
TfcT News^and CouricrvLibo! Caso.
Much interest bas been manifested
in Chai lesion and in fact all over thc
Slate in the libel -."preferred] agaisnt
the News and Courier by C. C. Low
en & Co. Thc case was called in the
Court of General Sessions in Charles
ton on Monday j Judge^lieed, "presid
ing. The State being represented by
Solicitor [_Eutlz,"who,.is "assisted; in
the cases in which Sherill Lowen is
concerned, by United Stales District
Attorney Corbin. Thc accused " is
represented by Gen. James Con
ner, the Hon. W. D. Porter, and Hen
ry A. M. Smith, Esq.
Monday was consumed in obtain
ing a juiy. On Tuesday the case was
opened by Mr. Corbin for the Stale.
Lowen had been called a murderer by
the Noius and Courier and this was
thc ground of thc indictment. The
libellous articles were submitted to
the Court and thc case was closed for
The defense was Opened by Mr. II.
A. M. Smith. Thc following ex
tract from his remarks will show in
what manner thc defense would at
tempt to justify : "Tn the prosecution
for thc publication of papers investi
gating thc ollicial conduct of oiliccrs
or men in public capacity, or when
the matter published is proper for thc
public information, thc truth thereof
may bc given in evidence.' Now we
maintain, and wc shall show, that thc
matter wa published was concerning
a public oillccr, a man in public ca
pacity, and of the deepest interest,
and necessary for public information."
Bi W. M. Mackey and Col. Steel
jsicAlister White, thc son of thc mur
dered man, were the only witnesses
for thc defence on Tuesday. On Wed
nesday thc interest culminated by the
defence placing upon tho stand the
very man who fired the fatal shot,
?H C. Grimes. He stated that be
had shot Col. White but at the insti
gation of Lowen, who, he feared,
would do him bodily harm if he did
?lot CK .-cute his command to kill Col.
White. Before tho death of the.mur
dered man Grimes confessed to him,
?ri the presence of others, that ho shot
him but at tho instigation of Capt.
Bowen. Thc witness sustained bim
self well (.brough the ordeal of a very
searching cross-exam i nation from Mr.
Corbin. Much additional testimony
was given by other witnesses strength
ening G fillies story and from those that
were present at Ins confession to Col.
White. It seems lo bc thc general
impression that on this indictment the
News and Courier will be acquitted;
Thc people of Oran gc bu rg arc under
especial obligation to this paper for
what it has dunc to unearth corrup
tion in our county. Our people wish
the Neivs and Courier a safe deliver
ance and long continued prosperity.
We are sure this war [upon Ibo press
vvtll bring only discomfiture upon thc
We suppose our turn will come
lext. Barney Williamson thinks
hat for us to say that he was lluin
icrt's chief clerk and that he wa? a
nan of sufficient exp?rience and in
.clligencc to know if things were con
.1 lided badly in thc Treasury office,
?as damaged his reputation lo thc
time of ?20,000. Wc doubt not that
Ibis would be a healing salve lo his
reputation. At Court wc shall all
?eo what wc shall sec.
Honesty thc Wicos? Policy.
Few things are morcjdcsltuclivc of
Hiebest interest of society than the]
prevalent, but mistaken notion, that
it requires a vast deal of talent lo j
be a successful knave. This position,
while it diminishes that odium which
out to attach to fraud, in thc part of
those who profit by it; since there
arc so many who would rather bc
written down knaves, than fools. Thc
plain fact is, that to bc honest to Uh
success, requires far more talent than
to bc a rogue, and to be honest with
out success, requires far more mngna
nanhnity ; for trick is not dexterity,
cunning is not skill, and mystery is
not profoundness. Thc honest man
proposes to arrive at a certain point,
by one straight and narrow road, thal
is beset on all sides with obstacles
anil with impediments. Ile would
rather stand still, than proceed by
trespassing on thc property of his
neighbour, and would rather over
come a difficulty) than avoid it by
breaking down /i-fenev. -i'?w !;<,.?<...:.
it is linc, proposes lo himself thc
same object, but arrives at it by a
very diff?rent route. Provided only j
that he gets on, he is not particular
whether bc effects it where lhere is a
road, or where there is none ; he tres
passes without scruple, cither on the
forbidden ground of private property,
or on those by-paths where there is no
legal thoroughfare; what he cannot
reach over, lie will over-reach, and
those obstacles he cannot surmount by
climbing, ho will undcrjinne by creep
ing) quito regardless of the filth that
may stick lo him in the scramble.
The consequence is that he frequent
ly overtakes thc honest man, and
passe? by him with a sneer. What
then shall we sa}', that tho rogue has
wore talent than the upright? Ictus
rather sa}- that he has less. Wisdom
is nothing more than judgment ex
ercised on the true value of things
that arc desirable ; but of things
in themselves desirable, those are thc
most so that icm ai n thc longest. Let
us therefore mark -thc end of these
things, and we shali come to one con
elusion, the flat of the tribunal both
of God and of man;-That honest;/
is not only the deepest policybul the
highest wisdom; since however diffi
cult it may bc for integrity to get on,
it-is a thousand times more difficult
for knavery to get off; and no error
is more fatal than that of those who
think that virtue has no ot? er reward j
because they have heard that she is
A FREE PRESS. A free press is thc
parent of much good in a state. But
even a licentious press is a far less
evil than a press that is enclaved, be
cause both sides may be heard in the
former case, but not in thc latter. A
licentious press may bc an evil, an
enslaved press must bc so ; for an
enslaved press may cause error to bo
more current than wisdom, and wrong
more powerful than right ; a licentious
press cannot effect these things, for
ff it give the poison, it gives also the
antidote, which an enslaved press
withholds. An enslaved press is
doubly fatal, it not only takes away
thc true light, for in that case wc
might stand still, but it sets up a
false ono, that decoys us to our de
A War Upon a Fi cc Press.
Has iL ever occurred t.. thc reader
lo ask himself why it is Dial corrupt
men of all grades and all ^lilies, are
always and everywhen Ibuhcl clieiv
ishing such ?spucia?j cordial, vindiol
ive hatred for tho picas? Why it is
that tho first impulse ol' un endan
gered "ring" or a frightetieu "1 ?ss"
is to turn upon thc newspaper; to
call it hard names; to threaten to
crush it ; somotili?e^ '.v> ; ttompt to
carry the threat into ixocutioh?
Why it is that every unfaithful pub
lic servant ; every tainted Congress
man or legislator: every bribe-taking
judge, every dishonest o?.oitd. high
or low, is loud-mouthed anjffcioquent '
on the unbridled license of the press,
?Ls propensity for bluckeiifftg good
men's characters, and thc need ol 1
more e f IV et i vc chocks upon this pro
The why is very simple. Public
robbers and public ?orrtipt?rs hate
thc newspaper, beean-e they instinct
ively recognize in it their deadliest
enemy. The newspaper means pub
licity, detection, punishment. Like
all of their trade, they have a great
aversion to thc light. They shun ob
servation. All thc}- waul is to bc
?ct alone. Now thc newspaper re
fuses to let them dione, ll is forever
prowling around, turning on Ibo
lantern at inopportune moments,
catching them in the act, raising thc
hue and cry at their heels, ! rbi ;ing
them generally to grid. If.thej feel
hardly toward it, it must b i imit
led that they have very substantial
grounds. Their hatred is compound
ed in equal paris of dread and pre
That thc corruplionists and llScir
next friends should be found railing
with foul-mouthed volubility at thc
newspaper, is not, under Clio circum
stances, a very surprising or unnatu
ral phenomenon. "If you have no
case, abuse thc plaintiff's attorney."
These gentlemen have iib case, and
the newspaper is not only Ute people's
attorney, but often ils d?tective und
bailiff" into the bargain. The queer
thing is, that honest and n putabl?
citizens, of fair int lliijehcc and
blameless private moral ?hohld be
found joing ia this ai,\-e. They i
..::.<. *ji'Vc-1 t,H g?-idu :rf^T^ieiph's to'
thieving. They havo IM natural!
aillnity willi tho ^thieve^ 1'Yuqed.j
into a corner, tilt \ will it I'M
is desirable crime of this . .: should
be exposed and the crimin i brought
to justice; Thc gre I uptijor>l\ ol'
them will be forced lo : bait, i! they
(ire candid and truthful, that thc}
' tiieniselvcs have done little or noth
ing, and arc doing lit; lc or : ?thing,
in any practical way. artes! the
spread of this dry-rot ot' ollicial im
morality which has alrotuty made
such fearful headway.
It is not simply ?a. ble, ?' su
premely necessan*, that the country
be got out ol' this waj as soon as
possible, lint it nev-" tn bc got
out ol'it unless tho people aro thor
oughly awakened to the fact and
danger. That is what all American
newspaper:! worthy tie.- name, ol'
whatever politics, have ! oeu Irving
to do. They have used the proper
and only means to thal eu i Thc
deplorable thing is, not tied they
should talk so much about corrup
tion, but that there should bc so much
corruption for them to talk about.
To quarrel with them foi' their fidelity
in tito discharge of a most unpleas
ant but most urgently necessary pub
lic duty is as sensible as it would be
for thu patient and friends to hold
thc physician responsible, for the dis
That newspapers make mistakes,
thal they do not discriminate with
sufficient care, tba!, they nov/ and
then coi???ijij. injustice, ?s undoubted
ly true. That respectable newspa
pers purposely and willi malice com
mit injustice, is not linc, fn the
nature of things, mistakes arc inev
itable. Thc newspaper cannot de
vote. years to tho accumulation and
analysis of ovidohee. lt 1ms to take
thc facts at hand, amt make up ils
best judgment from them, honestly
and intelligently, lt may be misled.
This is the risk which it takes, and
has to take. Thc law courts arc
open to thc aggrieved ; sb is the court
of public opinion. But times like
these demand a robust, journalism
which does not shrink from needful
risks, and which is too intent upon
discharging ifs dat}/ to the public to be
forever thinking of the possible conse
quences to itself. Tho work in hand
CTtrrriwMLin.iiM . ?-?.-.-.ir-v;W I J Him I , IT-TgT"-V?nOi
is ono of tremendous 'magnitude and
dilHeulty ; (lie workmen are few in
proportion ; and liiere is a certain ur
gency in Hie premises to which much
of scorning carelessness and even
recklessness may well ho pardoned.
Said one dhc of thc most cultured,
conservative and revered judges that
ever adorned the New England bench :
"There will have to he a good many i
more libel suits before the end of this
war upon corruption is reached." i
And ho was rigid.
A Merited Rebuke.
A writer in thc Northwestern Ad
vocate under the non dc plume of a
Southerner, arraigns M. E. church for
advocating the Civil Rights Bill and
then truckling to the demon of caste
in establishing separate churches for
white and colored congregations in
its Southern work. He says :
Thc New York Advocate, in a re
cent editorial on Bishop Foster's ad
dress, stated : "'In two or three nota
ble instances the attempt has been
made by their Northern pastors to
have only mixed congregations in
towns ; but it has failed in every case
-in some most disastrously." If
failure to establish mixed churches
has been thc result of your church
with all ils prestige and power, bishjj
ops, editors, and pastors willing to
aid in the enterprise, what will bc thc
result of thc recent civil legislation ?
Certainly, in Hie congregation of
saints, thc true worshipers of God
should remember the Lord is thc ma
ker of them all, and made of one
blood all nations and colors, and is
no respecter of persons or previous
conditions ; yet if in thc godly judg
ment of thc majority of your church
in thc South, it is better for blacks
and whites to have their congrega
tions generally separate, arc the
children of this world wiser in their
generation than the children of light
in legislation and church worship? Jf
Christian people cannot cheerfully
sit, stand, and kneel ill God's house
with any and all of His people, re
gardless of race or color, where is the
charity or consistency in favoring an
act that requires others to cat, sleep,
sit, or stand with those thal they are
not. willing tb associate with in such
Intimate r- latiuus? Surely tho gospel
gives gre ller libelle ami better pr?vi
leges than any earthly government !
Would any who are hoi willing to
worship an hour or two weekly with
colored people have all our children
with them hours daily lil school?
When Daniel Webster was in his
best moral estate, and when he was
in thc prime of his manhood, bc was
one day dining with a company of lit
'crary gentlemen in thc city of Boston.
The company was composed of cler
gymen, lawyers, physicians, states
men, merchants, and almost all clas
ses of literary poisons. During thc.
dinner, the conversation incidently
turned upon thc subject of Christiani
ty. Mr. Webster, as thc occasion
was in honor of him, was expected to
take a leading part in the conversa
tion, and he frankls stated as his re
ligions sentiments, his belief in thc
divinity of Christ, and his depend
ence upon thc attonemcnt of thc Sn
viour. A minister of very consider
able literary repution, sat almost op
posite him at thc table, and he looked
at him and said : "Mr. Webster, can
you comprehend ??how Jesus Christ
could be both God and man ?" Mr,
Webster, with one of those look*
which no man can imitate, fixed his
eye upon him, and promptly and em
phatically said : "No, sir, I cannot
comprehend it; and I would bc
ashamed to acknowledge him as my
Saviour if I could comprehend it. Il
I could comprehend He could be nr
greater than myself, and such is my
conviction of accountability lo God,
such is my sense of sinfulness before
Him, and such is my knowledge ol
my own incapacity to recover myself,
that I feel the need of a super-human
A Patient Elephant.
"Tell my my grandchildren," writes
thc Bishop of Calcutta, "that an ele
phant herc had a disease in his eyes.
For three days ho had been complete
ly blind. His owner, nn engineer of
ficer, asked my dear Dr. Webb if lie
could do anything to relieve the poor
animal. Tho doctor said he would
try the nitrate of silver, which was n
remedy commonly applied to similar
disease in thc human eye. Thc largo
animal was ordered to lie down, and
at first, on the application of thc rem
edy, raised a most extraordinary roar
at (ho acute pain which it occasioned.
Thc effect, however, was wonderful.
Thc eye was in a manner restored,
and thc animal could partially sec.
Thc next day, when he was brought,
und heard thc doctor's voice, he lay
town of himself, placed his^ enormous
lead on ono side, curled up his trunk,
Irew in his breath just like a mau
iboul to endure an operation, gave a
sigh of relief when it was over, and
Liien, by trunk and gesture, evidently
wished lo express his gratitude.
What a lesson to us of patience !"
Life of Bishop Wilson.
The most brilliant , fortunes are
never worth the littleness often re
Lpiired to obtain them.
ADV E It T 1 S E MEN TS.
" Complete Pictorial History of the
Times"-11 The best, cheapest,
and most successful Family Pa
per in the Union
Harper's Week ly.
Notices 0}thc Press.
The Weekly U thc ablest and most pow
erful illustrated periodical published in
this country. Its editorials are scholarly
and convincing, and carry inuch weight.
Its illustrations of current events are full
and fresh, ami aro prepared by our best
designers. With a circulation of l.:30,OOO.
tho WEEKLY is read by at, least bail' a
million persons, ami ifs inllucnec as an
organ of opinion is simply tremendous.
The. WEEKLY maintains a positive posi
tion, expresses decided views on political
and social problems.-Louisville Churttr
Its articles are models of litsrh-tonctl
discussion; and its pictorial illustrations
are often corroborative arguments of no
small force.-JV. T. ExAtminer ami Chron
fts papers upon existent questions and
its inimitable cartoons help to mould thc
sentiments of thc country.-Pittsburgh
Postage free to all Subscribers in the U. S
llAHPKit's WEEKLY i ono year . . , $4. (io
$4.00 includes prepayment ot'Tj. S. postage by
Subscriptions to Harper's Magazine, Weekly,
anil lia/nr, to om: address tor one year, $10.00;
or, two of Harper's Periodicals, loone for one
year, ".7.00: postage tree.
An Extra Copy ofcltKiW the. Magazine, Wceklv
or I'azar will l>e supplied gratis for every Club
of Five Subscribers al $1.00 cadi, in one" remit
lance'; or, six Copies for 4-.-JO.0u, witliout cxtin
copy: postage free.
Unc?s N'intibi 1 ran bo supplied ht any tim?.
'l i e Annuli 1 Volunifl 01 Harper's Vveeklyj lt
nciii filtiUj lue ling, will lie aenl by express, 1
ni ezp uso; lor vf.t > ?-.?.in- <^-<wupjutM
cnmprishift Eightc h Volumes* sent on recei] ;
of cash nt iii?'i at.-..i : *..J"i per vol., freight al o'.
pense .>!' purchaser.
Kow* papers io'e nm lo copy this a?! vor l?eme ..
without inc expi.biers of HAKIM.a t.
i?AUPKK & UllOTliBUS, New York.
Jr XIAIXJ ! \
T. K|8SM & 110.,
rpi-T) " -.' " "U Qi 4- ~_
mu J5riOK toturrj,
Arc selling off Iheir
Being slightly damaged by removal.
: o :
The Goods Must be Sold,
And are selling for whatever they
: o :
Come at once and secure
Eare Bargains :
Wc mean BUSINESS, as wc need
Theodore Kohii & Bro.
At McMASTER'S BUICK STOKE
.Toaugcburg, Jan. 21, 1875.
ADV E R T I SEMEN T S
at ISCELL AN 1COUS.
QUAND OPENING I
I will ope? this morning a lot of tho
JPiiies ? Teas,
ever offered in this market, consisting ?f
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
And in order to cultivate a trade for
these line grades I will sell them
"V EJ ? Y Xu O W .
I have also received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for me from tho
Finest Selected Wheat,
I have never had a complaint of
this brand of flour.
IMPORTANT NOTICE 1
Inferior KEROSENE OIL is] eo dan
gerous and so many accidents have oc
curred from its use, I have been induced,
at the repeated solicitation of my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their use. I have just receive ten
PURE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 124 dre test. I will sol) thia P?-.t
Oil cheaper than the same grade of Oil
can be sold at in this city. Families use
ing this Oil arc safe. Tho usc of the*
common Oils now '-"*
FLOODING THE MARKET
is equivalent to bringing into tho family
destruction and death !
I have also received :
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Harn?,
10 Boxes Cream Cheese, direct from
25 Firkins Goshen Butter, direct fron?
tho Dairy, which has all the
freshness and flavor of the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sacks Lagunyra Coffee, equal to
50 Sacks of assorted Kio, by last Rio
With a full supply of
Fresh and Good.
My stock is full, with price? low and
good times coming.
Thanking the public for their very lib
eral patronage, and soliciting its contin
uance, I will do my best to merit tho
Columbia, So. Ca,