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OR AN CEBU RC, S. C.
E. A. WEBSTER; - - - Editor.
A. .VEIiSTEK, P?BliisnKU.
OKS Cory, ONE YEAH, - $ 2 00
And I will como near to yo? to judgement; and
I will bo a a wi ll witness against tho eorcer
nts, and against tho ndulterors, nud against
falso BWCiirciB, nntl against those that op
press tito hireling iii Iii? wages, tho willow
ami tito fatherless, and that turn aside tho
stranger lVotn his right, ami roar not me,
saith thc Lord ol" Hosts.-.MALACHI, lil, 6.
. "Wc arc not responsible Tor tho views of our
Advertisements to ho inserted In tho CITIZEN
must bo received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted tit Ono Dollar per
inch, for thc llrst insertion. Further terms can
bo had on application to tho Editor or Publisher.'
Communications on ina tiers of State or Local
interest, respectfully solicited.
All orders for Job Printing lea at Ulis office
will receive prompt attention.
. Agents and Correspondents M'nutcd in all
Towns of tho County.
SATURDAY, APRIL 21,1875.
Wo invite attention to the law con
cerning newspapers :
1. Subscribers who clo not give ex
press notice to the contrary are con
sidered as wishing to continue their
2. If subscribers wish their paper
discontinued publishers maj' continue
to send them uutil all charges are
3. If subscribers neglect or refuse
to take their papers from thc offices
or places to which they are sent, they
are held responsible until they settle
their bill and give notice to discon
4. If snbscribers^'movc ^to] other
places without informing thofpnblish
er, and the paper is Bent to the for
mer directiou, they aro held respon
sible. Notice should nlwaj-s bc
given of removal.
5. The Courts |havc decided^that
refusing to take a paper or periodical
from Ihe oArUtf, on j removing, and
~~Te??ingjl une?i'n:^"??jitris:-prima facfi!
evidence n-f intentional fraud.
The News^and Cour?er^L?be! Caso.
Much interest has been manifested
in Charleston and in fact all over'thc
Sftatc in the liheirprcferrcd] agaisnt
the News and Courier by C. C. Bow
<<en &>? Co. The case was called in the
Court of General Sessions in Charles
ton on Monday, J udgc^Recd,"presid
ing. The State being represented bj'
Solicitor ?B?Uz,?w?0;'is ^'assisted, in
the cases in which Sheriff Bowen is
Concerned, by United States District
Attorney Corbin. Thc accused ' is
represented by Gen. James Con
ner, the. Hon. W. D. Poller, and Hen
ry A. M. Smith, Esq.
Monday was consumed in obtain
ing a jur}'. On Tuesday the case was
opened by Mr. Corbin for tho Stale.
Bowen had been called a murderer by
thc JSfews and Courier and this was
the ground of tho indictment. Thc
libellous articles wero submitted to
the Court and the case was closed foi
The defense was opened by Mr. II.
A. M. Smith. Tho following ex
tract from his remarks will show in
what manner tho defense would at
tempt to justify : "In the prosecution
for thc publication of papers investi
gating thc official conduct of officers
or men in public capacit}', or when
the matter published is proper for the
public information, the truth thereof
may be given in evidence.' Now we
maintain, and we shall show, that the
matter we published wasf concerning
a public officer, a man in public ca^
pacify, and of thc deepest interest,
and necessary for public information."
E. W. M. Mackey and Col. Steel
MeAUster White, tho sort of thc mur
dered man, were tha only witnesses
for the defence on Tuesday. On Wed
nesday thc interest culminated by the
defence placing upon tho stand thc
very man who fired the faf al shot,
Eli C. Grimes. He stated that ho
had ebot Col. White but at the insti
gation of Bowen, who, he feared,
would do him bodily harm if ho did
riot execute his command to kill Col.
White. Before thc death of thc mur
dered man Grimes confessed to him,
in the presence of others, that ho shot
him but at tho instigation of Capt.
Bovfcn. Tho witness sustained him
self well through the ordeal of a very
searching cross-exaniination from Mr.
Corbin. Much additional testimony
was given by other witnesses strength
ening Grimes story and from those that
were present nt his confession to Col.
White. It seems to be thc general
impression that on this indictment thc
News and Courier will be acquitted.
Thc people of Orangebnrg are under
especial obligation to this paper fdr
what, it has done to unearth corrup
tion in our cou h ty i Our people wish
the News aud Courier a safe deliver
ance and long continued prosperity.
Wc arc sure this war ?upon thc press
will bring only discomfiture upon thc
Wc suppose our turn will come
next. Barney Williamson thinks
that for us to say that bc was Hum
bert's chief clerk and that he waa a
man of sufficient experience ami in
telligence to know if things were con
ducted badly in thc Treasury office,
bas damaged his reputation to thc
time of $20,000. Wc doubt not that
Ibis would bc a bealing salvo to his
reputation. At Court we shall all
sec what wc shall sec.
Honesty the Wisest Policy.
Few things arc morcjdcslruclh c of
thc best interest of society than thc
prevalent, but mistaken notion, that
it requires a vast deal of talent to
be a successful knave. This position,
while it diminishes that odium which
out to attach to fraud, in thc part of
those who profit by it ; since there
arc so many who would rallier be
written down knaves, than fools. Thc
plain fact is, that to bc honest with
success, requires far mote talent than
to bc a rogue, and lo bc honest with
out success, requires far more magna
nanimity ; for trick is not dexterity,
cunning is not skill, and mystery is
not profoundness. Thc ho,?est man
proposes to arrive at a certain point,
by one straight and narrow road, that
is beset,oii all sides with obstacles
and willi impediments. Ile would
rather stand still, than proceed by
trespassing on the properly of his
neighbour, and would rather over
come a difficulty, than avoid it by
s^brcalring down n?fcuce? ~?-1?>-!H?<MIC?
il is true, proposes to himself thc
samo object, but arrives at it by a
very-different route. Provided only
: that he gets on, he is not'particular
I whether he effects it where there is a
i road, or where there is none ; bc tres
, passes without scruple, either on thc
. forbidden ground of private properly,
i or on those by-paths where there is no
. legal thoroughfare; what he cannot
. reach over, bc will over-reach, and
those obstacles he cannot surmount by
climbing, he will undermine by creep
ing, quite regardless of tho fdth- that
may stick to him in thc scramble.
The consequence is that he frequent
. ly overtakes thc honest man, and
. passes by him with a Sneer. What
then shall we say, that tho rogue bas
. more talent than the upright? let us
; rather say that he has less. Wisdom
is nothing more than judgment ex
ercised on the true value of things
, that arc desirable ; but of things
f in themselves desirable, thr3e are the
, most so thal ?emain thc longest. Let
? us therefore mark -thc end of these
things, and wc shall come to one con
elusion, thc fiat of the tribunal both
of God and of man .;-That honesty
is not only the deepest policy, hut the
highest loisdom; since however diffi
cult it may bc for integrity to get on,
it-is a thousand times moro difficult
for knavery to get oj'; and no error
is more fatal than that of those who
think that virtue has no other reward,
because they have heard that she is
her own. ?
A FRKR PitKss. A free press is thc
parent of much good in a stale. But
even a licentious press is a far less
evil than a press that is enslaved, be
cause both sides may bo heard in thc
former case, but not in thc latter. A
licentious prc-3s may bo an evil, an
enslaved press miist be IBO ; for an
enslaved press may cause error to be
more current than wisdom, and wrong
more powerful than right ; a licentious
press cannot effect these things, for
ff it give the poison, it gives also the
antidote, which an enslaved press
withholds. An enslaved press is
doubly fatal, it not only takes away
thc true light, for in lhat case we
might stand still, but it sets up a
false ono, that decoys us to our de
A War Upon a Freo Press.
Has it ever occurred to the reader
lo ask himself why it is that corrupt
men of all grades and all poli f?es, are
always and everywhere fourid cher
ishing such a special, cordial, vindic?
ive hatred for thc p?ess?j Why it is
that thc (hst impulse of a?n endan
gered "ring" or a frightened "1 oss"
is to turn upon thc newspaper ; to
call it hard names ; to threaten to
crush it ; sometimes tc aUsinpt tc
cany thc threat into execution?
Why it is that every unfa^hful pub
lic servant; every tainted Congress
man or legislator : every bHbe-taking
judge, every dishonest ofilia!, high
or low, is loud-mouthed anj? 'eloquent
on thc unbridled license of*he press,
?ls propensity for blnekeiiing good
mon's characters, ami thc need ol
more eil'eelivc checks upon Ibis pro
Tho why is very simple. Public
robbers and public eos rapiers hate
thc newspaper, because they instinct
ively recognize in it their deadliest
enemy. The newspaper means pub
licity, detection, punishment. lake
all of their trade, they have a great
aversion to the light. They shun ob
servation. All they want is to be
?ct alone. Now tho newspaper re
fuses to let them alone, lt is forever
prowling around, turning on the
lantern at inopportune moments,
catching them in tho act, raising the
hue and cry at their heels, bringing
them generally to grief. If they feel
hardly toward it, it must be admit
ted that they have very substantial
grounds. Their hatred is compound
ed in equal paris of dread and pre
That the corruplionists and their
next friends should be found railing
with foul-mouthed volubility at tho
newspaper, is not, under tho circum
stances, a very surprising or unnatu
ral phenomenon.- "If yon have no
case, abuse the plaintiff's attorney."
These gentlemen have no case, and
the newspaper is not only the .people1 s
attorney, bul ofien its defective and
bailiff into the bargain. The queer
thing is, that honest and reputable
citizens, of fair intell^mnce and
blameless private motrals! - '"nhl bc
found joing in Lilia ?ibtt?o. They
: Imf opTpW^^ lo
thieving. They have np natural
affinity willi tho Jib io ve^ 4 Forged
into a corner, they will il it
is >lcsirablc crime of this apr! should
be exposed and tho crioiinnls. brought
to justice. Thc gre < majorit/} of
'them will be forced to ud.Sit, if they
arc candid and truthful, that they
themselves have done little or noth
ing j and arc doing lill it; or nothing,
in any practical way, to an est the
spread of this dry-rot of official im
morality which has already made
such fearful headway. f *
It is not simply desirable, it is su
premely nccessaiy, that the country
be got out of this way us Boon as
possible. But it never can be got
out of it unless tho people arc thor
oughly awakened to the fact and
danger. That is what all American
newspapers worthy tho mane, of
whatever politics, have been trying
to do. They have used the proper
and only means to that end The
deplorable thing is, not that they
should talk so much about corrup
tion, but that there should be so much
corruption for them to talk about.
To quarrel willi them for their fidelity
in thc discharge of a most unpleas
ant but most urgently necessary pub
lic duty is as sensible as it would be
for thc patient and friends to hold
thc physician responsible for the dis
That newspapers mako mistakes,
that they do not discriminate with
sufficient care, that they now and
then co m in injustice-} is undoubted'
ly true. That respectable newspa
pers purposely and with malice com
mit injustice, is not Imo. In thc
nature of things, mistakes are inev
itable. Tho newspaper cannot de
vote years to tho accumulation and
analysis of evidence. It has to take
the facts at hand, and make up its
best judgment from them, honestly
and intelligently, lt may be misled.
This is the risk which it takes, and
has to take. T?o law courts are
open to the aggrieved ; sois thc court
of p'ublic opinion. But times like
these demand., a robust journalism
tuhich does not shrink- from needful
risks, and which fa too intent upon
discharging its duty to this public to be
forever thinking of the ppsfible conse
quences lo itself. The work in hand
is one of tremendous magnitude and J
diflleulty ; the workmen are few in i
proportion ; and there is a certain ur- (
gc ney in the premises to which much i
of scorning carelessness and even '
recklessness may well ho pardoned. '.
Said ono c&c of tho most cultured, ?
conservative and revered judges that '
ever adorned tho New England bench : r
"There will hnvo to be a good many c
more libel suits before the end of this 1
war npou corruption is reached." i
And he was right. c
A Merited Rebuke. L
A writer in the Northwestern Ad- \
vocide under the non de plume of a }
Southerner, arraigns JM. E. church for j
advocating the Civil Rights Bill and
then truckling to the demon of caste
in establishing separate churches for i
white and colored congregations in (
its Southern work. He says : !
The New York Advocate, in a re
cent editorial on Bishop Foster's ad
dress, stated : ''In two or three nota- 1
ble instances the attempt has been '
made by their Northern pastors to
havo only mixed congregations in
towns ; but it ha3 failed in every case
-in some most disastrously." If
failure to establish mixed churches
has been thc result of your church
with all its prestige and power, bishj
ops, editors, and pastors willing to
aid in thc enterprise, what will bc the i
result of the recent civil legislation? :
Certainly, in thc congregation of
saints, the true worshipers of God
should remember thc Lord is the ma
ker of them all, and made of one
blood all nations and colors, and is
no respecter of persons or previous
conditions; yet if in thc godly judg
ment of the majority of your church
in the ?South, it is better for blacks
and whites to have their congrega
tions generally separate, are tho
children of this world wiser in their
generation than thc children of light
in legislation and church worship? If
Christian people cannot cheerfully
sit, stand, and kneel in God's house
with any and all of His people, re
gardless of race or color, where is the
charity or consistency in favoring an
act that requires others to cat, sleep,
sit, or stand willi those that they are
not willing to assocjatc with in such
intimai.;- r.Ja?uns?:J?nrjdjMhe gospel
gives greater liberty and better pri
leges than any earthly government!!
Would any who are not willing to
worship an hour or two weekly with
colored people have all our children
with them hours daily iii school?
When Daniel Webster was in his
best moral estate, und when he was
in the primo of his manhood, he was
one day dining with a company of lit
"crary gentlemen ia thc city of Boston.
Thc company was composed of cler
gymen, lawyers, physicians, states
men, merchants; and almost all clas
ses of literary persons. During thc
dinner, the conversation incidently
Lurried upon thc subject of Christiani
ty. Mr. Webster, as tho occasion
was in honor of him, was expected to
take a leading part in thc conversa
tion, and he frank Is stated as his re
ligious sentiments, his belief in thc
divinity of Christ, and his depend
ence upon the attonement ol' the Sa
viour. A minister of very consider
able literary repution, sat almost op
posite him at thc table, and he looked
at bim and said : "Mr. Webster, cnn
you comprehend ^how Jesus Christ
could be both God and man?" Mr.
Webster, with OP.C of those look?
which no man can imitate, fixed his
eye upon him, and promptly and.em
phatically said : "No, sir, I cannot
comprehend it; and I would be
ashamed to acknowledge him as my
Saviour if I could comprehend it. If
1 could comprehend He could bo no
greater than myself, and such is roy
conviction of accountability to God,
such is my senso of sinfulness before
Him, and such t? my knowledge of
nay own incapacity to recover myself,
that I feel tho need of a super-human
A Patient Elephant.
"Tell my my grandchildren," writes
the Bishop of Calcutta, "that an ele
phant here had a disease in his eyes.
For three days ho had been complete
ly blind. His owner, an engineer of
ficer, naked my dear Dr. Webb if he
could do anything to relieve the poor
animal. Tho doctor said he would
try tho nitrate of silver, which was a
remedy commonly applied to similar
disease in tho human oyo. Tho largo
mimai was ordered to lie down, and
it first, on thc application of tho rera
?dy, raised a most extraordinary roar
it tho acute pain which it occasioned,
rho effect, however, was. wonderful,
rho eye was in a manner restored,
ind the animal could partially seo.
L'he ucxt day, when ho was brought,
ind heard the doctor's voice, he lay
lown of himself, placed his enormous
lead on ono side, curled up his trunk,
bow in his breath just like a mau
ibout tb endure an operation, gave a
igh of relief when it was over, and
hen, by trunk and gesture, evidently
visited to express his gratitude.
?Vhat a lesson to us of patience !"
Life of Bishop Wilson. .
The most brilliant, fortunes are
lever worth the littleness often re
paired to obtain them.
1 Complete Pictorial History of Ute
Times'"-" The best, cheapest,
and most successful Family Pa
pev in the Union
Earper's Week ly.
Notices of thc Tress.
The Weekly U thc ablest and most pow
erful illustrated periodical published in
this country. Its editorials are scholarly
und convincing, and carry much weight.
Its illustrations of current events arc full
and fresh, and arc prepared by our best
designers. With a circulation of 150,000,
thc \V KKK LY is read by at least half a
million persons, and its hillucnec as an
organ of opinion is simply tremendous.
The WEEKLY maintains a positive posi
tion, expresses decided views on political
and social problems.-Louisville Churitr
Its articles are models of high-toned
discussion, and its pictorial illustrations
are often corroborative arguments of no
small force.-iV". T. Examiner and Chron
Its papers upon existent questions and
its inimitable cartoons help to mould the
sentiments of the country.-Pittsburgh
T JU it ?X S :
Postage free to all Subscribers in thc U. S
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Subscriptions* to Harper's Mngnzlno, Weekly,
and IJarair, to one address for ono year, $10.00;
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An Extra Copy ofeltl.or thc Magazine, Weekly
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noni I'U'ih Iii., ii.g. v. ill be aunt hy express,!',
Of etpvnse, ?Toir>-?7.0fi - <-0>4u? ??L complut? s, ,.
comprising Eigllt?On Volumes, sent oil receipt
oTcush nt Ibu rato ol ?5.23 per vol., freight al e.". ?
pense of purchaser.
Newspapers ?rc not to copy thia nrtvoriacmrinl
without the exp?e s oidora of MAUIM.K S.
HAUI'Klt .v bUUXHERS. .New York.
The Brick Store,
Are selling off their
Being slightly damaged hy removal.
-: o :
The Goods Must be Sold,
And are selling for whatever they
: o :
Come at once and secure
Eare Bargains :
We mean BUSINESS, ns we need
Theodore Kohn & Bro.
At McMASTER'S BRICK STORE
jQabgeburg, Jan. 21, 1875.
AD VERTISliMEN T S
?UIAND OPENING I
I will open this morning a iotof the
sver offered in this market, consisting ?f
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,.
/ind in order to cultivato a trade for
these fine grades I will sell them
V Eli Y LOW.
I have also, received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for me from tho
Finest Selected TVlieiit^
I have never had a complaint of
this brand of flour.
IMPORTANT NOTICE !
Inferior KEROSENE OIL is| so dan~
gerous and so many accidents have oc
curred from its use, I have been induced,
at thc repeated solicitation of my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their use. I haye just receive ten
barrels o? ,
PURE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 124 fire test. I will sell tt?V4?u?t/
Oil cheaper than thc same grade of Oil
can be sold at in this city. Families use'
ing this Oil are safe. -Tho use of the*
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
is equivalent to bringing into the family
destruction and death I
I have also received :
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Harn?,
10 Boxes Cream Cheese, direct from
25 Firkins Goshen Butter, direct from
tho Dairy, which has all th?
freshness and flavor of the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sacks Laguayra Coffee, equal to
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio
With a full supply of
?rresh and Good.
My stock ls full, with prices low ?nd
good times coming.
Thanking tho public for their very lib
eral patronage, and soliciting its contin
uance, I will do my best to merit tho
Columbia, Bo. Ca.