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THE FREE CITIZEN.
ORANCEBURC, S. C.
E. A. WEBSTER, - - - Editor.
A. WE ii y TE u, ruBLiaiiEK.
OMB Corr, ONE YEA?, - - - ? 2 00
Ijivariably in Advance.
An"' ? will co rr. o near to you lo Jiithteraent; and
I will bc a swift wiiiicsx ?gui nut thu noroer
ora, nu,I ngaiiiHl tia* udulleruri., und ngiiinHt
t'a I ?ti swonrara, und ngaiutU thone thal op
prc*? the hireling in lu? wilgo*, thc widow
mu? thc Lulu.-] lu-rf, ?ind Hint turn uside thu
?tranger from his right, and lem- not inc,
raith thu Lord of Host?.-.MALACHI, Ul, 6.
We aro not responsible for thc views c f our
Advertisements to be Inserted In the CITIZEN
niuit be received by,.Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted nt One Pollnr per
Inch, for the first ilise'timi. Further terms cati
bo bad on uppllcattou to thc Editor or Publisher.
Communication? on mutters of State or Local ?
Intercut, respectfully solicited.
All order* for Job Printing left at Ulla offlce
will receive prompt attentto-i.
Agonis and Correspondents wauted in all
Towna of tho County.
SATURDAY, JULY 17, 1875.
Past Duo School Claims.
It BecmB that our unfortunate
county is still In for its full share of
misfortunes. lt seems that our
county treasurer was one of the num
ber who did not get his share of the
funds appropriated to pay past due
school claims in our county, not at
thc time the same fell due, and has
not got said funds as yet, and most
likely will not for six months to come.
Man}' of thc other counties got their
funds, but those for our county, it is
now claimed, arc locked up safeley in
thc suspended bank, and no doubt
there will bc a long suspension be
fore our old claims will be paid. We
roust still hear the old cry of no
money in the treasury to pay school
claims. But it will be asked, who is
lo be blamed for this? We know of
one party* who is not to be blamed,
and that is the poor teacher who has
earned the money, and still holds an
unpaid certificate, unless he has been
under thc painful necessity of selling
iug to the speculators for fifty cents
on the dollar. Those who purchase
old claims will still have a chance
to drive their business, only they
nay it is not quite so thriving as be*
"P l?r?^BB law required Hie approval ol
the county commissioners for their
pnyment. To say the least, our county
finances seems to bo rather a slow
coach ; but wc are hoping for better
limes. When shall we find thc
"nimble sixpence" floating among
our public funds ?
Conscience in Politics.
This may seem to many of om
readers a singular and rare combina
tion. We must confess, it is by far
too rare, at least, in our section ot
this country. Wo arc pleased at
least with one drift in South Carolina
polities, and that is an ardent inten
tion, on the part of many of our citi
zens, to have good men elected tc
office. An honest, reliable man of
either political party ia better worthy,
and can be more safely lusted in of
fice than a dishonest man of whatcvei
political party or creed. If we get
men in office who simply serve them*
eelvcs, and QU their own pockets
and bleed the public, it does not
roako much diff?rence in name o:
what political party the pilfering it
done, the public is equally depleted
and injuired. If the public is reall}
served, is a favor, let it be done b*,
.whomsoever it may. We want mer
who will do right if the heavens fall
After all, there is nothing like thc
conscience, and bringing, things tc
bear upon it. And if we. cap find s
response in this inner shrine of thc
soul, we are in tho way to right al
wrongs and to secure all rights.
Therefore, we should say that the
the very first quality in a public roan
is a sharp, clear conscience. Doubt
less he ought to have experience, sa
godly, comprehensiveness, know!
edge of human nature-the capacity
to take in all the facts and to adjusl
things in the best way possible undei
existing circumstances. But, when
all is said, commend us to the man ol
thorough conscientiousness-by whick
wc mean the man. of clear moral dis
cern me nt, and who intensely loves thc
right,and as intensely hates the wrong
Such a man, supposing there is a cor
responding clearness and vigor of in
tellect, will be a moving power, and
he will havo plenty of business with
al. Wc shall always havo public
men enough whose conscience follows
them dog-like and cringing men, t
whose consciences are flexible to 1
the touch ol' interest, and. who get i
of lice simply to make it pay, abd will ?
make it pay regal ?liesa of the means
used, and, therefore, there is the \
greater ueed of men whose conscience i
takes thc lead, ami who go at Illings
straight and sure, and with regard i
for nothing except the right of things, i
Honesty even in political matters, as I
well as all others, is the best policy, A
Balky Peopio. I
Passing along a country road quite
recently, we found a man, a horse
and wagon, in trouble. The vehicle
was slight anti the road was good,
but the horse refused to draw, and ^
his driver was in a ba?l predicament. '
He had already destroyed his whip in *
applying inducements to progress ii;
travel. Mc had pulled the horse's '
ears with ii sharp string. He had '
backed him into thc ditch. He had '
built a fire of straw underneath him 1
-lite only result, a smashed dash- 1
board. Thu chief effect of thc vio
lences and cruelties applied were to '
increase the divergency ol feeling he- '
tween the brute and his muster. We '
Baili to the besweatcd and outrageil
actor in the scene that the best thing
for him to do was to let his boise
stand for awhile unwhiped and un
coaxed, setting some one to watch
him, while he, thc driver, went awa\
to cool od*. We learned that the plan
wi iked admirably ; that the cold ail,
and the appetite for oats, and the sol
itude of the road, favorable for con
templation, had ma?le the boree move
for adjournment to sumo other place
and time, and when the driver came
up he. had but to tuke thc reins, and
thc beast, erst so obstinate, dashed
down the road at a perilous speed.
We think much . of the opinion of
the old Quakeress, when asked her
opiniou of war ; she replied that she
thought lt quite unnecessary thus to
kill and butchei people, that they
would die of themselves, if you would
only let them alone. Some of our
South Carolina politicians will die
politically soon, if the people, will
only wisely let them alone. Not a
small amount of labor and whip lash
I cs ar^oTtcn wasted on balky horses
as well as men.
"My wife is the cause of ?t."
It is now more than forty years
' ago that a man whom we will call
Mr. Loni, called at the house of Dr.
Bush, one very cold morning, on his
way to Hanover. '.Sn" said the
Doctor, "The weather is very frosty ;
' will you not take something to drink
? before you start?"
In that early day ardent spirits
were deemed iudespensable in Win
, ter. When commencing a journey
and at every place along the roar!.
thc traveler always used intoxicating
drink to make him warm.
"No" said Mr. Lord, "I never
touch anything of thc kimi, and 1
i will tell you the reason-my wife is
the cause of it. I had been in the
? habit of meeting some of our neigh
, hors eveiy evening for the purpose of
? playing enids. Wc assembled al
, each other's shops and liquors were
introduced. Alter awhile we mel,
f not Bo much for playing as for drink
I ing, and I used to return home in the
I evening more or less intoxicated?
My wife always met me at the door
affectionately, and wh.n 1 chided her
i for sitting up so late f?>r me, she
, kindly replied, 'I prefer doing so, for
! I cannot sleep when you are out.'
i ''This always troubled me. I wish
i cd in my. heart that she would only
? scold me ; for then I could have re
l torted and relieved my conscience.
But she always met me with the same
> gentle and loving spirit,
i ''Things passed on thus for some
? lime, when at last I .resolved that
. I would by remaining very late and
. returning much intoxicated, provoke
1 her displeasure so much as to cause
L her to lecture me, when I meant to
. answer her with severity and thus
i by creating another issue between us,
r unburden my bosom of its trouble.
i ,kI returned in such a plite about
- four o'clock one morning ; she met me
? at the door with her usual tender
. ness and said, 'Come in husband ;
. I have just been making a good fire
? for you because I knew you would bc
cold. Take off your boobs anti warm
- your feet, and here is a cup. of; hot
"Dudor Hull was too much. 1
ioiild not endure it any longer, ami
I resolved from that moment I would
lever.touch another drop while 1 lived,
ind I never, did."
Me never did. He lived and died
nraeticing total abstinence from all
That man was my father, and that
toaiun ray mother. The fact above
.c?ale:', i received from the doctor
limsell when on a visit io my native
..illage, not long since.
Were there more wives like my
dossed mot her there would be fewer
Wc women have much to answer
br. Many among us have chosen
inshuuds ill, rather than not murry
it ull ; many have brought up BOUS
nully, fruin weakness or self-indul
gence. Abuses and degrading prac
.ices have crept into the life of a
?nee healthy nation-abuses and bad
practices which no executive govern
ment, no legal enaelments, can pos
sible reach ; but we women have_J.be
lever in our hands that can raise the
.oinmunity to healthy and social re
forms. Our inAuenee eau arrest^the
[loud of infidelity, of luxury, of idle
ness, of despising wholesome labor,
ii reverence to elders and superiors.
Our iuAuence can check thc groking
appclile for pestilential novels,, for
licentious plays and poems, for i in
modest dress. Our ii fluence can re
verse the law which excludes a peni
tent, erring woman from a sisterly
hand-clasp, and warmly welcome a
bad man who has not repented. Our
iufluence can correct the riotous ex
travagance in expenditure, wether for
personal adornment or house deco
ration, or tables groaning with un
wholesome food.-Fa7iny Aikin Kort
POISONOUS DRINK.-The N. . Y
Soitthern Tier Leader, in noticing a
movement in Nebraska for prohibit
ing the adulteration of liquors, and
ihe law of New Jersy, enacted u year
ago, for a kindred purpose, says:
"It is not known that a single
prosecution has been made under
ibis law. It has been a dead latter
tVoin ll ic moment,of iLs T.eu^?fl_P^
And so it will prove in Nebraska, or
wherever else thc experiment is tried.
We might as well raise adders- and
serpents, and presume that our child
ren xviii not lie stung or bitten, ns to
legalize the sale of intoxicating
drinks, and expect that the people
will not be poisoned. The very
words are Bj nonunous. To intoxi
cate is lo poison. Docs it make so
much difference with what Ike deadly
work is done? When the people arc
tully persuaded that the whole busi
ness is a curse und a chaine, that bars
and saloons are simply poison shops,
and that brewers and distillers, u*
Wesley said, are poisoners-general
then will they not arise in their
strength and majesty, and dclegalize.
prohibit, and urus? out the ahomih
It may seem strange, bul it is
nevertheless true, that alcohol, regu
larly applied to a thrifty farmer's
stomach will remove the boards from
ihe fence, let cattle into his crop-,
kill his fruit-trees, mortgage his farm
and 60W his field with wild oats and
thistles. It will take the paint oil
his bidding, break the glas? out of his
windows and fill them willi rags. Ii
will tukc the gloss from his clothes
and the polish from his manners,
subdue his reason, arouse his passions
tiring sorrow and disgrace upon his
family, and topple him into a drunk
ard's grave. It well do this to the
artisan and the capitalist, the matron
and tiie maiden, as well as lo thc
farmer ; for, in its deadly enmity to
j thc human race, alcohol is no respec
ter of persons.
A LETTER FROM PURGATORY_"A
rather amusing story," says Colonel
Stuart, in his "Reminiscences of a
Soldier," "was told to me some time
ago by an old lady who had an an
cient servant that hud lived with her
for many years, named Ann Brady.
Ono day Ann came in to her mistress
in the parlor, crying. 'Now, ain't I
the unfortunate woman ? Ooh, what
will I do ul all, at all?' 'What's the
matter, Ann?' said her mistress.
4Och, ma'am,' replied Ann, 'the post
man's outside, and he's got, a. letter
for rae from purgatory, and I, know
it's from my ould mother, who's boen
Liiere this tin years?, and it's ult about
me not paving for tbe masses I sui?!
I would. Ocbonc ! but I tun the
miserable-woman.' On the mistress
going out, she found tho postman in Qt
ol' laughter, with a letter directed to
'Ann Brady,' from the Dead Letter
Ollice. Nothing could induce her to
touch it, the 'dead' to her meaning
purgatory, and nothing else ; anti
lier mistress was obliged lo open the
letter for her, and found it was one
Ann had written to a nephew in
Blare, but aa he had gone to A merion
the letter had consequently been
Our very existence is embodied in
the word home. It ls where our lives
nie molded. Us adornment, there
tore, isa ma'ter of great importance
to all. Let us so decorate it that
life may be a blessing.. With what
shall wc beautify our homes? Flow
ers must certainly rank first. Equal h.
suited to pslace or cot, they lend an
indispensable charm to the adorn
ment of our homes. Especially du
ring the long winier months, when
nature herself almost sleeps, then it
is that the pure white camellia, the
brilliant chrysanthemums, the hya
cinth and crocuses, shed their loveli
ness on everything around, dispelling
the monotony within which their ab
sence without causes. Decorate the
walls with pictures, arranging them
tastefully, and 1 hereby engender a
love for art, as flowers do for nature.
Adorn the shelves and cases with in
structive books, that their study may
in turn adorn the minds of thc house
hold, who, so beautified, are the
highest needful home adornment.
And thus our homes should be our
tutors, teaching humanity that love
for the beautiful which lifts up and
ennobles thc race.
EVILS OF SELF-PKAISE.-There is
no surer soul-death, no more inevi
table pai alizing of worth and force
than self exultation and self-pr iisc.
The shadow of pelf blights growth,
maims power, cripples influence.
Tnere are men in some aspects al
most great, in others pitifully small,
Ulla, il 11 se lliey. wjiLnol .maud out_ofj._
their own shadow. There are men
who have the ability and the will to
perform the most valiant service for
one and another great, cause, who are
wise, brilliant, eloquent ; who have
yet been of little or no worth to their
fellow-beings, simply because they
are willing to do nothing without se
curing-full credit for it,.to rear no
column in the temple of regenerated
humanity, unless they can inscribe
their names on its capital.
A SOFT ANSWER.-How a soft an
swer can turn away dissatisfaction,
as well ns wrath, is illustrated in the
following anecdote of the late Presi
dent Wayland: Deacon Moses Pond
went to Dr. Weyland once with thc
complaint that the preaching didn't
edify hun. "I'm sorry," saul thc
pastor ; "I know they are poor ser
inons. I wish I could muke them
better. Come, let u& pray that I may
be able to do so." The deacon tell
ing the story used to say, "Dr. Way
land prayed, anti I prayed ; he crietl,
and 1 cried ; but I have thought a
hundred limes that it was strange
that he did not turn mo out of the
house. I tell you there never was a
better man nor a greater preacher
i han Dr. Wu^ land."
Napoleon said that "war was the j
business of barbarians."
Don't let your wealth inflate you.
Iiich men sometimes die of smull-pox.
Kindness, like thc gentle breath of |
spring, melts tho icy heart.
One act ol charity ?B worth a cen
tury of eloquence.
There is no substitute for thorough
going, ardent and sincere earnest
~Wm. M. UIBD & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND MANUFACTURERS OF |
Oils, White Lead,
201 East Bay,
CHARLESTON, So. Ca.
July 17, liK?
A. Repository of Fashion, Pleasure
3ai?pe2??? 13 azar?*
I L USTRATED.
Notices vi the Press.
The BAZAK. ls- edil ed with a contrJbu
Oti of-lad and (aient that we M'idom
ixl in any journal; and the journal it?
.If is tin* oriian of Ihe jireat world ot
Tiie BA?Alt commends itself to every
lemberof the household-to th? child
Mi by the droll and pretty pictures, to
lt; young billies by il? fashion-plates bi
inness variety, to the pi evident mal ron
y its patterns for the children ?ij elm hes.
i paterfamilias hy its tustefiil design* for
inbroidi-redslippers and luxurious dn-ss
ij?-tfowns. But the reading maller ol
ie Bazar is uniformly of great exuel
:nce. The paper has acquired a wide
opulai'tty tor the. fireside enjoyment it
thirds -N Y. Evening Past.
T 12 lt 3JL S :
''outage free to oil Snbscrib is in the\
HARPER'S BAZAR, ono year. ........ M,'0|
?4.0O inclinlet: prepayment of U. 3. postage by
S. baci ipiiotn to Harper** Magazine, Weekly,
nd Uazar, lo one address for one year, ri-.On;
r, two of Harper's Periodicals, to one addrcetl
jr one year, $7 00; postage free.
An Extra Copy ot either the Magazine, Week
f, or Batar Will be Biipplied gratis for every,
lull of Five subscribers at *4 (X) each, in one
emltt-?nce; or, six Copies for J20.00, without |
xtra copy : postage flee.
Hack Nu tn bc rs cnn bc supplied nt any time.
The seven vo'-'mee ot limper's Bazar, for the
earn IK158, '09. , ?II, '7?. T3, '74. elegantly
ound lu green ?jorooco cloth, will bc sent by
xureHS Ircight prepaid, tor ?7.00 each.
Newspaper* are not to copy this advertise
?rm without the exurcus orders ot HARPER A. |
inonu KM. A'tdrcHs
HARPER & BROTHERS,New York.
JONTIN?ES to sell II?B LIQUORS
A.T O O ST. ;
Ile keeps on hand and is reciving
laity, fresh supplies of
\nd a general supply of merchandise.
ALL BEFORE BUYING.
C D. KOTJOHN,
I. Il WILSON. J. T. WILSON
3AM'L H. WILSON & BRO.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
nm <&mmwm t
306 King St., Charleston, S. C.
May 15-1 f.
r~jR. A. C. DUKES,
Dealer in all kinds of
Drugs and Medicines.
Dr Dukes has bad Nine Years Experi
nicein Drugs and Medicines anti thorouh
y understands his business. Ile keeps
.oust anti y on a large supply of Good*
isiuilly found In a
First-class Drug Store,
Jg^tCareful attention paid to thc coin
loitiidhig of Prescription* and all orders
?rom pt ly attended io fall on him at
lis Popular Drug Sturt?.
Or?ngcburj?. Feb. 13. 1875
r. KIRI ft BRO.,
Having removed to their
New Erick Store, are now
Detter prepared to meet the
wants of their customers
Their elegant stook of
SPRING AND SUMMER
SLOTHING- cannot be, sur
Cal) at the old stands
Theodore Eohn & Bro.
.\ ? v i-: ?i i j u M N "i" s.
I will open this morning a lot of the
ever offered iii I1?1F market, eoiiB?stlug o
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS.
And in order tu cultivate a trade fur
these fine grade* I will sell them
I VERY LOW.
I have also received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for me from tho
finest Selected Wheat,
I havo never hud a coiopluhil ot
this brand of flour.
IMPORTANT NOTICE !
Inferior KEROSENE OIL ia ?o dan
gerous and so many accidents hiv: oc
curred from its use, 1 have been induced,
at the repeated solicitation of my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
fo - ..heir use. I have just receive ten
F?RE WEITE EEROSEiHT
j Of 124 fire test. I will sell thia Pure
Oil cheaper than the same grade of Oil
can be sold at in this city. Families use
big this Oil are safe. The use of the
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
is equivalent to bringing Into the family,
destruction and death !
1 have also received :
?0 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis* Hunns.
10 Boxes Cream Cheese, direct fiore,
25 Firkins Goshen Butter, direct from
the Dairy, which has all the
freshness and flavor of the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sngar-Curecb
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel;
averaging twenty ounces..
25 Sacks Laguayra Coffee, equal to
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio.
With a full supply of
Fresh and Good.
My stock is full, with,, prices low. and.
good , times coming.
Thanking the public for their very llb ,
eral patronage, and soliciting ita contin
uance, I .will, do ray best to rnqrit, tho.
Columbia, So. Ca,