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THE FREE CITIZEN.'
ORANCEBURC, 3. C.
S. A. WEBSTER, - - - Editor.
A. WEBSTER, PUBLISHER.
OKS COPT, ONE YEAR, ? - - 8 2 00
Invariably in Advance.
Ami I will come near to you to Judgement; and
I-Trill bc a swift witness agnind thu soro.or
.rs, and against thc nrtulierorH, and against
false swearers, arni against those thnt np
preis thc hireling in hi? wages, the willow
auU the fath?rle?a. and that turn ?side the
stranger from his right, and fear not inc,
saith the Lord of Hosts.-MALACHI, III, 5.
We nra not responsible for th? views ff out- i
Advertisements to he inserted in the ClTtetN
inuit be received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted at One Dollar per
Ineh, for the first Insertion. Further terms can
bo had on application to thc Editor or Publisher.
Communications on matters of State or Local
Interest, respectfully solicited.
All orders for Job Printing left at this office
will receive prompt attention.
Agents and Correspondents wanted in alt
Towns of tba County.
SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1875.
If O INTEREST IN" THE BLACK
A recent dispatch from Washing
ton says :
"A meeting was held here for the
purpose of taking measures towards
establishing a weekly journal in
Washington, to be managed exclu
sively by colored men, and devoted
to the interest of the colored people.
Frederick Douglas, Professors Lang
ston and Wilson, and other promi
nent men of that race, earnestly sec
onded the views of the Rev. George
W. Williams, of Boston, who came
here to establish such a journal, the
general sentiment being that this was
Absolutely necessary, as thc while
TD an no longer took an interest in
the black man. Various sums of
money were subscribed to aid in the
It is just as well for colored men
to publish a paper as anybody else.
But we have come to a strange pass
in our history, if no one can vindi
cate the interest of our common hu
manity, but must simply represent
kia ovm complexion. Wc should like
to know what there is of color in the
declaration of independence "that all
men arc born free and equal," and
what is thc use to say it was or was
not a colored man who wrote it? It
is a great fundamental truth of equal
interest to ali complexions, and de
manding thc boon of freedom alike
It is an infamous slander on the
philanthropy and Christianity of the
white man to say that he is no longer
interested for Iiis colored brother.
How many have sacrificed to give
him freedom and aid him to maintain
it? How many are doing all in their
power to give to all, without refer
ence to complexion, the means of ed
ucation? Some are still endeavor
ing, amid the deserts and malaria of
Africa to point the benighted to the
lamb of God, that taketh away thc
Birs of the world. A. Cox would not
abandon bis purpose of being a mis
sionary to Africa, not for the cling
ing embrace of a mother's, love, or
the fond endearments of home and
country. But he waa a white man
and represents thousands who have
the same devotion to the interest? of
our common humanity. We ask
these stioklers for race distinction to
pause ere they enter the contest for
a war of races. The white man bas
thc 8ame rights to make race combi
nations and enter upon race conflicts
and distinctions as the colored mac,
but cither in doing it arc fighting
against God and humanity. We are
of one blood, and are living together
in America under thc same form of
government, with mutual rights and
privileges. Thc conflicts for which
we should feel a common interest are
those for the triumphs of great prin
ciples of truth and righteousness,
whieh. vindicate the rights of all, and
will elevate ami bless all who are
governed by them. This sel?Bhncsu
ot man is in conflict with God, and
thc peace and prosperity of the great
fittnily of raftii.
Do Right Every Where.
There is always honor ami profil
in right doing. Many of the slanders
heaped upon us result from dichones
ty, and thc lack of stern integrity.
Man's only safety is in doing right
at all times and under all circum
stances. Il is Satan's trick lo make
our doings right depend on times and
seasons, on persons and places. He
who does wrong because no one will
know it will be terribly disappointed
when his sins shall find him out. He
?boceases to be watchful and circum
spect in thc presence of his friends,
will find that those friends in whom
he thus confided in an unguarded
hour will betray his confidence and
become his foes-will rebuke what
they before justified, and accuse him
of thc very acts which they aided and
encouraged him in.
Do right every-where. There is
no safety in sin. Confide in no one ;
presume upon nothing suffciently to
do that which ia wrong. Thc watch
ing eye of God is upon us, and when
we depart from him he has ten thous
I and rods with wbi.-h to chasten us
and correct our faults. Trust not in
friends ; trust not in secrecy ; trust
not in lies-do right every-where,
and trust in God to give victory and
rest. Do not follow the multitude to
do evil. Do not bc a time-server nor
a tool. Stand boldly up for truth
and righteousness, and ever live with
a solemn consciousness of dircctaud
personal responsibility to God. Make
no compromise with error, sin, and
wrong ; strike no bargains with Sa
tan, every thing which he proposes
is a trap, ever}' thing that he suggests
is a delusion and a snare. Man is
weak, Satan wily-only God is true.
Trust in him ; do right every-where,
aud he shall protect, direct, and save
you at thc end.
The Freedom of tho Pres*.
REVERDT JOHNSON ON THE BALTI
MORE LIBEL SUIT.
BALTIMORE, July 19.-The suits
instituted in the Courts of Common
Pleas on Friday last by the governor
of Maryland, thc Slate comptroller
and thc Slate treasurer respectively,
composing the board of public works,
against the Baltimore American for
libel, tbs damages claimed being 03-5
000 in each case, are likely to become
adjudicated, In ruling the cases to
day, Reverdy Johnson tendered his
professional services to the propre
tors of the American, which having
been accepted, Mr. Johnson's appear
ance was entered in each case as their
attorney. In his letter volunteering
his services, Mr. J? hnson says : "My
motive for making this offer was this,
that from the ground on which I un
derstood the suits have been brought,
1 thought that thc public interest was
concerned and lhat the freedom and
usefulness of the public press were
involved. This being my impression,
I cannot agree to receive any pecuni
ary compensation. Owing to the
high official and equally high social
ch anio 1er and reputation of thc plain
tiffs there can be no likelihood of
compromise or settlement short of a
decision of a legal tribunal ;. the offi
cial conduct of these gentlemen being
involved on the one pait in these
cases, and the extent of the right and
liberty of the press to criticise and
charge corruption to public officers
on thc other." The suits have al
ready attracted attention throughout
tho State, both parties being repre
oented by thc ablest couottel lb Mary
DON'T SCOLD.-For tho sake of
your children, don't do it. It is a
great misfortune to have children
reared in the presence and under the
influence of a scold. Tho effect of
thc everlasting fault finding of
persons is to make the young who
bear it unamiable, malicious, callous
hearted : and they often learn to take
pleasure in doing the very things for
which they receive such tongue lash
ings. As they arc always getting
the blame of wrong-doing, whether
they deserve it or not, they think
thoy might as well do wrong as right.
'Uhoy lose all ambition to sleive for
thc favorable opinion of tho fault
finder, since they sec they alway a
strivo in vain. Thus ? ecold innot
>nly a nuiscnce, but a destroyer of
.he morals of children. If these un- I
loved, dreaded people could oui)'
jee themselves as others sec them,
.hey would flee to the tnountnius in
R. R. EXCURSION TO OKAKOEBUIIQ.
-Thc Ceutral Club of South Caroli
na, have arranged au excursion to
?rangeburg, for the purpoae of a
celebration of emancipation in thc
West India Islands. Fred Douglas
und other distinguished speakers of
this, and other states expected. The
meeting to be on the Second of Aug.
on the grounds of the Clallin Univer
sity. Four bands of music are ad
vertised to be present. A good
time is expected. Thc Committee!
of Arrangements say tickets for the
round trip eau be procured at the
following places, for the annexed
places : Charleston to Ornngeburg
and return $1,50- John M. Freemrn.
Greenville to Orangeburg 81,50
Wilson Cook. Columbia to Orange
.urg and return, 81,00-Cooper &
A Clean Apron.
A lady wanted a trusty little maid
to come and help her to take charge
of a baby. Nobody could recommend
one, and she hardly knew where to
look for thc right kind of girl. One
day she was passing through a by
lane, and saw a little girl with a clean
apron holding a baby in the doorway
of a small house. ''There is the maid
for me," said the lady. She stopped
and asked fer her mother. "Mother
has gone out to work," answered the
girl ; "father is dead, and now mother
lias to do every thing." "Should you
not like to come and live with me?"
asked the lady. "I should like to
help mother somehow," said the little
maid. The lady, more pleased than
ever with the tidy looks of tuc girl,
went to bee her mother after she
came home ; and the end of it was
the lady took the maid to live with
her, and she found-?hat indeed she
expected to find-that the neat ap
pearance of her person showed thc]
neat and orderly bent of her mind.
She had no careless habits, she was
no friend to dirt ; hut everything she
had to do with was folded np ami
put away, and kept carefully. Thc
lady finds great comfort in her, ami
helps ber mother, whole ha ia not now
so hard as it was. She smiles when
she says, "Sally's recommendation
was her clean apron ;" and who will
say it was not a gooa oue?-Obser
A Boy's Idea of Head?.
H ead H arc of di li?rent shapes and
size. They are full of notions. Large
beads do not. always hold the most.
Some persns can tell what a man is
by the shape of his bead. High heads
are the best kind. Very knowing peo
pie are called long-headed. A fellow
that wont slop for any thing or any
hotly is called hot-headed, if he is not
quite so bright he is called soft-head
ed. If he wont be coaxed nor turned
they call him pig-headed. Animals
have very small heads. The heads
of fools slant back. When your head
is cut oft' you are he-headed. Our
heads are covered with hair, except
bald-heads. There are barrel-heads
head-of sermons-and some ministers
used to have fifteen heads to one ser
mon-pin-heads, heads-of-eattie, as
the farmer calls his cows and oxen ;
head- winds, drum-heads, cabbage
heads, logger-heads, come-to-a-head
heads- of-chapters, hcad-him-otf, head
of-ol'-the family, and go-a-head-but
first be sure you are right ; but the
thc worst of all heads are dead-heads,
who hang round aa editor for Ieee
tickets to a show.
A man went out to India to live
there. Ile hud a very pleasant house,
with a large garden, and he and his
wife and children lived very happily.
At last, as the children grew up, the
heat made them ill, and they became
thin and weak, so that one day the
doctor said, "If you wish your child
ren to live, you must seud them to
The poor man could not leave his
work in India, so he was obliged to.
jend- hw wife and children away hy
themselves, and he was left alone,
rite day after they had gone away n
rriend calLed upo? bim and 'mit!,
"What a pleasant house you have!"
Yes," said tuc poor man, "but ii WHS
a home yesterday ; now it is nothing
but a IIOUBC. My home is where my
wife and children are.*'
Home is not bricks and mortar, nor
stone, but a place where our best
friends are. Heaven is our home,
because Jesus, our best friend, and
God our Fa'.her, arc there.
God wUiji.es all men to think that
heaven is their home, and so he sends
for our parents and our friends, and
takes them away from our home on
earth, that we may be obliged to look
up to heaven and sa}*, "My best
friends arc there."
Our best friends are our best treas
ure, and Jesus tells us, ''Where our
treasure is, there will our hearlu be
One day Tommy rushed into the
kitchen crying out. "Motlier, mother
there is an old woman down in the
road sitting on n log ; shall I set
Pompey on ber?"'
"Set Pompey on her !" said the sis
ter, "what for?"
"O ! because," answered Tommy,
looking a little ashamed, "because
perhaps she is a thief."
"Go out, Esther, sud sec if the
poor woman wants any thing. Per
haps she's tired with a hard day's
travel among the mountains," said
Esiher ran down the green, and,
peeping Ihrough the gate, saw the
woman resting under thc shade of the
"Should you like any thing?" ask
"Thank you," said the old woman ;
"I should bs vnry thankful for a drink
Esiher scampered back to thc
house, and soon procured some cold
water from the well, and hastened
with it to the poor traveler.
"I thank you," said alter drinking.
"It iaslc8 very good. Do 3on know
what the Loi d Jesus said once a bu ut a
cup of cold w ater ?"
1 Esther was nilent.
"J will tell you. He said Whoso
ever shall give to one of his people
a sup of cold water 01 ly, in the name
of a disciple, he shall in no wise lose
bin reward. May the Lord himself
bless you, lillie girl, as 1 am sure I
And a happy feeling stole into the
ci.ild's bosom at the old woman's
words for the blessing of thc poor
upou her.-Children's Friend.
-Rev. Mr. Blakely Is an authorized
agent for tili? paper.
-A. W. Pinckney. of Branchville, ls
an autnorized agent for this paper.
|;S IIEKEBY GIVEN that application'
?J has been made, in accordance willi
? he suilute hi stich case made und pro
vided, tu the Clerk of the County for the
hicorpoiution of the Congregational
Church iii Orangeburg.
I!. S. DICKSON,
JOHN 'fun.MT SON,
A UK A M HAHKISON.
July 10, 48-3
TWENTY GOOD HANDS, TO CUT
J. L. LIVINGSTON.
CANV SSERS wanted for two
imperil wnrks nf French art. "Little Bull
away and lier Pets." and th? pretty pail"
"The Dinner, and the Nap." 'These
o'er ure? are \joi>rlhy of a piara in costly
home* and inerpeinnve enough for the
simplest. Selling rapidly, and TAKE ON
SIGHT. *Ve guarantee ready sales, good
profits, am! quick return?. Any active
?ievHoii who will take Itold- eau make a
isudsome income. Send for our beet
terms at once.
J. B. FORD ?fc Co..
27 Park Place, New York.
Wm. M. BIRD & CO.,
! M PORTERS ANO N AMJFA?.HIRERS OF
0?k White Lead.
?ZOI East Bay,
CHARLES i ON, so. Ca.
Ju?y 1 *. -15 -5
.'A Repository of Fashion, Pleasure
Notices of inc Frets.
Thc BAZAR ls edited with a contribu
tion of tact and talent that wc seldom
flint hi nny journal; and thc journal it
self is the organ of the great world ot
The BAZAR commends itself to every
member of the household-to the child
ren by the droll and pretty pictures, to
the young ladies by its fashion-plates in
iMidless variety, to the provident matron
hy its patterns for the children's clothes,
to paterfamilias by its tasteful designs for
embroidered slippers and luxurious dress
ing-gowns. But the reading matter of
thu Bazar is uniformly of great excel
lence. The paper has acquired a wide
popularity for the fireside enjoyment ii
affords.--JV. 1*. Evening Pott.
T E it 31 8 :
Postage free to oil Subscribers in the
HARrER's BAZAR, one year.t*,'0
?f 4.011 induite? prepnymcut of U. S. pottage by
S'-bhcriplion* to Harper's Magazine, Weekly,
ami Ilnzar, to one address for one year, *l>-.0o;
or, two of Hat pcr's Periodicals, to one addreis
for one year, $7 00 ; postage free.
An Extra Copy ol either the Magazine, Week:
ly, or Bazar will bc sup) '.ietl gratia for every
t'hib of Five Subscribers at M.00 each, in one
remittance ; or, Six Copies for ?20.00, without
extra copy : postage free.
Back Numbers can be supplied nt any time.
Thc ec ven vo'umes ol Hat per'* Batar, for the
year? ISO?, ?6?. , 72, '73. '74. elegantly
bound in green i.iorocco cloth, will be tent by
eipren? ireight prepaid, lor t-7.?H) each.
Newspapers arc not to copy this advertise
ment without the express orders ot HAKI-KK A
HARPER & BROTHERS,New York.
CONTINUES to sen his LIQUORS
and S KG A RS
He keeps on hand and is rcciving
daily, fresh supplies of
And a general supply of merchandise.
O ALL BEFORE BUYING.
C. 1>. KOTJOHN,
S. ll WILSON. J. T. WILSON
SAM'L fl. WILSON & BRO.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
IMPORTED SE GARS.
306 King St., Charleston, S. C.
J~^R. A. c. DUKr.S,
Dealer in all kinds of
Drugs and Medicines.
Dr Dukes bas liad Nine Years Experi
ence in Drugs and Medicines and fhorouh
ly understands his business. He keeps
constantly on a large supply of Goods
usually found in a
First-class Drug Store,
5g?*-f'areful attention paid to the com
pounding of Prescriptions and ali orders
promptly attended lo. Call on him at
his Popular Drug Store.
Orangeburg. Feb. 13.1873.
T. Kill? BRO.,
Having removed to their
New Brick Store, are now
better prepared to meet the
wants of their cus.omers
j than ever.
Their elegant stock of
SPRING AND SUMMER
OLOTHLVG cannot he sur
prised airy wnere,.
Cai! ui thu o d n uno1..
, Theodore Kohn & Bra
A DVERT1SEME NTS.
^1 RAND OPESISU I
I will open this morning a lot of th*
Finest r_. eas,
ever offered in this market, conaia t ?
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
Uli ZirKt fl L/?>Ai7,
And in order to cultivate a trade ter
these fine grade? I will sell them
V E It, Y LOW.
1 have also received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and il ado especially
for nie from the
FineiBt Selected WI* o nt,
I have never had a complaint of
this brand of flour.
IMPORTANT NOTICK !
Inferior KEROSENE OIL ia so dan
geiousund so many accidents hive oc
curred from its use, I have been induced,
ut the repeated solicitation of my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their use. I havo just receive ten
har rel s ol
PURE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 121 fire test. I will sell this Pure
Oil cheaper than the same grade of Oil
can be sold at in tins city. Families use
ing this Oil arc safe. The use of the
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
is equivalent to bringing Into the family
destruction and death !
I have also received:
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Haran,
10 Boxes Cream Cheese, direct from
25 Firkins Goshen Butter,direct from
the Dairy, which has all the
freshness and flavor of the flow
? Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sacks Laguayra Coffee, equal to
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio
With s full supply of
Fresh and i ? ? J-,
My stock is full, with prices low aad
good times coming.
Thanking the public for their very llb
?ral patronage, and- soliciting its contln
|u. . ce. I will, do my best to merit th?
Columbia, So. Ca.