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THE FREE CITIZEN.
PUP LI 8 H KD AT
OIIAMCEBORC, Sk c.
E. A. WEBSTER, - - - Editor.
A. WEBSTER, PCBLI9HER.
Gxa COPT, ONE YEAR, - . - $2?00
Invariably in Advance.
Ami I will come near to you to ju<1~*cmont; ?nd
I-rrill be a swift witness against tile aorcer
or?, an<l against the ndulterehi, and agaihst
falte swearers, and against tooan that, op
press tho hireling in ma wages, the widow
and the fatherlena, and that turn aside-the
stranger from his right, and fear not me,
aalth the Lord of Hoc ta.-MALACHI, III, r>.
We ?re not responsible for tb? views cf our
Advertisements to he inserted in the CITIZEN
mntt be reoelTcd by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted at One Dollar per
inch, for the first Insertion. Further terms can
bo had on application to the Editor or Publisher.
Communications on matters of State or Local
interest, respectfully solk-itod;
All orders for Job Printing left at this office
will receive prompt attention.
Agents and Correspondents wanted in all
Towns of tb? Countr.
SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1875.
HO INTEREST IN THE BLACK
A recent dispatch from Washing
ton says :
"A meeting was held here for the
purpose of taking measures towards
establishing a weekly journal in
Washington, to be managed exclu
sively by colored men, and devoted
to the interest of the colored people.
Frederick Douglas, Professors Lang
ston and Wilson, and other promi
nent men of that race, earnestly sec
onded the .views of the Rev. George
W. Williams, of Boston, who came
here to establish such a journal, the
general sentiment being tbat this was
absolutely necessary, as the white
manoo longer'took an interest in
the black man/ Various sums of
money were subscribed to aid in the
It is just as well for colored men
to publish a paper aa anybody else.
But we bave come to a strange pass
in our tyiatory,. if no one can vindi
cate the interest of 'our common hu- ?
inanity, but must simply represent
hie own complexion. Wc should like
lo know what there is of color in the
declaration of independence "that all
men are born free and equal," and
what is the use to say it was or was
?ot a colored man who wrote it? It
is a great fundamental truth of equal
interest to ail complexions, and de
manding the boon of freedom alike
It is an infamous slander on the
philanthropy and Christianity of the
white man to say that he is no longer
interested for his colored brother.
How many have [sacrificed to give
him freedom and aid him to maintain
it? How many are doing all in their
power to give to all, without refer
ence to complexion, the means of ed
ucation? Some are still endeavor
ing, amid the deserts and malaria of
Africa to point thc benighted to the
lamb of God, tbat taketh away thc
sins of the world. A. Cox would not
abandon hie purpose of being a mis
sionary to Africa, not for the cling
ing embrace of a mother's love, or
the fond endearments ol home and
country. Bot bc waa a white man
and represents thousands who have
the same devotion to the interest? of
our common humaaity. We ask
these sticklers for race distinction to
pause ero they er Ur tho- contest for
a war of races. The white men hss
the same rights to make race combi
nations and enter upon race conflicts
and distinctions aa the colored man,
but either in doing it sro fighting
sgsinst God and humanity. We are
of One-blood, and are living together
in America ander the same form of
government, with, mutual rights and
privileges. The .conflicts for which
wc should, feel a common interest are
those for thc triumphs of great prin
ciples > of truth and righteousness,
whick vindicate the rights of all, and
win el?valo and bless all who are
governed by them. This selfishness
of man is in conflict with God, and
tho peace and prosperity of the great
(atnily of man.
Do Right Every Where.
There is always honor and profit
in right doing. Many of the slanders
heaped upon us result from di&hones
ty, and tbe lack of stern Integrity.
Man's only safety is in doing right
at all times and under all circum
stances. It is Satan's trick to make
our doings right depend on times and
seasons, on persous and places. He
who does wrong because no one will
know it will be terribly disappointed
when his sins snail find him out. He
who ceases to be watchful and circum
spect in tbe presence of his friends,
will find that those friends in whom
he thus confided in an unguarded
hour will betray his confidence and
become his foes-will rebuke what
they before justified, and accuse him
of the very acts which they aided and
encouraged him in.
Do right every-where. There is
no safety in sin. Confide in no one ;
presume upon nothing suficiently to
do that which is wrong. The watch
ing eye of God is upon us, and when
we depart from him he has ten thous
and rodo with whi.'h to chasten us
and correct our faults. Trust not in
friends ; trust not in secrecy ; trust
not in lies-do right every-where,
and trust in God to give victory and
rest. Do not follow the multitude to
do evil. Do not bc a time-server nor
a tool. Stand boldly up for truth
end righteousness, and ever live with
a solemn consciousness of dircctand
personal responsibility to God. Make
no compromise with error, sin, and
wrong ; strike no bargains with Sa
tan, every thing which he proposes
is a trap, every thing that he suggests
is a delusion and a Bnare. Man is
weak, Satan wily-only God is true.
Trust in him ; do right every-where,
and he shall protect, direct, and save
you at tho end.
The Freedom of the Press.
REVEBDY JOHNSON ON THE BALTI
MORE LIBEL SUIT.
BALTIMORE, July 19.-The suits
instituted in the Courts of Common
Fleas on Friday last hy the governor
of Maryland, thc State comptroller
and thc State treasurer respectively,
composing the board of public works,
against the Baltimore American for
libel, the damages claimed being $25
000 in each case, are likely to become
adjudicated, In ruling the cases to
day, Reverdy Johnson tendered his
professional services to the propre
tors of the American, which having
been accepted, Mr. Johnson's appear
ance was entered in each case as their
attorney. In his letter volunteering
his services, Mr. J? hnson says : "My
motive for making this offer was this,
that from the ground on which I un
derstood the suits have been brought,
1 thought that the public interest was
concerned and that the freedom and
usefulness of the public press were
involved. This being my impression,
I cannot agree to receive any pecuni
ary compensation. Owing to the
high official and equally high social
charaoter and reputation of thc plain
tins there can be no likelihood of
compromise or settlement short of a
decision of a legal tribunal ; the offi
cial conduct of these gentlemen, being
involved on the one part in these
cases, and the extent of the right and
liberty of the press to criticise and
charge corruption to public officers
on thc other." The suits have al
ready attracted attention throughout
j the State, both parties being repre
seated by the ablest counsel ir* Mary
DON'T ScoLD.-<-For tho sake of
your children, don't doit. It isa
great misfortune to have children
reared in the presence and under the
influence of a scold. The effect of
the everlasting fault finding of
persons is to mako the young who
bear it unamiable, malicious, callous
hearted ; and they often learn to take
pleasure in doing the very things for
which they receive such tongue lash
ings. As they are always getting
the blame of wrong-doing, whether
they deserve it or not, they think
thoy might as well do wrong as right.
They lose all ambition to strive for
the favorable opinion oC the fault
finder, since they see they always
strivo in vain. Thus a ecold is not
only a nuisei ce, but a destroyer of
the morals of children, lt' these un
loved, dreaded people could only
see themselves as others sec them,
they would flee to the mountains in
R. R. EXCURSION TO ORANOEBURO.
-Thc Central Club of South Caroli
na, have arranged an excursion to
Oraugeburg, for the purpose of a
celebration of emancipation in the
West India Islands. Fred Douglas
and other distinguished speakers of
this, and other states expected. The
meeting to be on the Second of Aug.
on the grounds of the Claflin Univer
sity. Four bands of music are ad
Iverttised to be present. A good
time is expected. The Committee
of Arrangements say tickets for the
round trip eau be procured at the
following places, for the annexed
places : Charleston to Orangeburg
and return 51,50- John M. Freemrn.
Greenville to Orangeburg $1,50-^
Wilson Cook. Columbia to Orange
"urg and return, 81,00-Cooper &
A Clean Apron.
\ lady wanted a tritely little maid
to come and help her to take charge
of a baby. Nobody could recommend
one, and she hardly knew where to
look for the right kind of girl. One
day she was passing through a hy
lane, and saw a little girl with a clean
apron holding a baby in the doorway
of a small house. "There is the maid
for rae," said thc lady. She stopped
and asked fer her mother. "Mother
has gone out to work," answered the
girl ; "father is dead, and now mother
has to do every thing." "Should you
not like to come and live with me ?"
asked the lady. "1 should like to
help mother somehow," said the little
maid. The lady, more pleased than
ever with the tidy looks of thc girl,
went to see her mother after she
came home ; and the end of it was
the lady took the maid to live with
her, and she found-what indeed she
expected to find-that thc neat ap
pearance of her person showed thc]
neat and orderly bent of her mind.
She had no careless habits, she was
no friend to dirt ; but everything she
had to do with was folded up and
put away, and kept carefully. The
lady finds great comfort in her, and
helps her mother, whote lot is not now'
so hard as it was. She smiles when
she says, "Sully's recommendation
was her clean apron ;" and who will
say it was not a good one?-Obser*
A Boy's Idea of Heads.
Heads are of different shapes and
size. They are fuli of notions. Large
heads do nut always hold the most.
Some persns can tell what a man is
by the shane of his head. High heads
are the best kind. Very knowing peo
pie ure called long-headed. A fellow
that wont stop for any thing or any
body ia called hot-headed, if be is not
quite BO bright bc is called soft-head
ed. If he wont be coaxed nor turned
they call him pig-headed. Animals
have very small heads. The heads
of fools siant back. When your head
ia cut off you are be-headed. Our
heads are covered with hair, except
bald-heads. There are barrel-heads
heud-of sermons-and some ministers
used to have fifteen beads to one ser
ixon--pin-heads, beaiis-of-CAitie, as
the farmer calls bis cows and oxen ;
head- winda, drum-heads, cabbage
heads, loggcr-heuds, comc-to-a-head
heads*of-chapters, hcud-him-off, head
of-ol'-tbe-family, and go-a-head-but
first be sure you are right ; but the
the worst of all heads-are dead-heads,
who hang round aa editor for tree
tickets to a show.
A man went out to India to live
there. He had a very pleasant house,
with a large garden, and he and his
wife and children lived very happily.
At last, as the children grew up, the '
heat made them ill, and they became ?
thin and weak, so that one day the <
doctor said, "If you ivish your child- i
ren to live, you must send them to ;
The poor man could not leave his
work in India, so he was obliged to.
send, hie wife and children away by
themselves,, and. lie waa left? alone..
The day after they had gone away n
friend called upon him and said,
"What a pleasant bouse you have!"
Yes," said thc poor man, "but it was
a home yesterday ; now it is nothing
but a house. My home is where my
wife and children are.*'
Home is not bricks and mortar, nor
stone, but a place where our best
friends are. Heaven is our home,
because Jesus, our best friend, and
God our Father, are there.
God wishes all men to think that
heaven is their home, and so he sends
for our parents and our friends, ant!
takes them away from our home on
earth, that we may be obliged to look
up to heaven and sa}', "My best
friends arc there."
Our best friends are our beat treas
ure, and Jesus tells us, "Where our
treasure is, there win our hearts be
One day Tommy rushed into the
kitchen crying out. "Motlier, mother
there is an old woman down in the
road sitting on a log ; shall I set
Pompey on her?"'
"Set Pompey on her !" said the sis
ter, "what for?"
"O ! because," answered Tommy,
looking a little ashamed, "because
perhaps she is a thief."
"Go out, Esther, and see if the
poor woman wants any thing. Per
haps she's tired with a hard day's
travel among the mountains," said
Esther ran down the green, and,
peeping through the gate, saw the
woman resting under the shade of the
"?Should you like any thing?" ask
"Thank you," said the old woman ;
"I should be very thankful for a drink
Esther scampered back to thc
house, and scon procured some cold
water from the well, and hastened
with it to the poor traveler.
"I thank you," said after drinking.
"It tastes very good. Do 3 ou know
what the Loi d Jesus said once ahuuta
cup of cold water?"
; Eather was silent.
?*.! will tell you. He said Whoso
eve: shall give to one of his people
a sup of cold water orly, in the name
of a disciple, he shall in no wise lose
hi? reward. May the Lord himself
bless you, little girl, as 1 am eure I
And a huppy feeling stole into the
ci.?Id's huston at the old woman's
words for the blessing of the poor
upon her.-Children's Friend.
-Rev. Mr. It la kel y Is an authorized
agent for thi* paper.
-A. W. rinckney. of Branchville, ls
an autuorized agent for this paper.
tS HEREBY GIVEN that application
has been made, in accordance with
?lie sralute in sucii case made and pro
vided. tutUe Clerk of the County for the
i.icorpntntion of thu Congregational
Church ?a Orangeburg.
H. s. DICKSON,
July 10, 48-3
TWENTY GOOD HANDS, TO CUT
J. L. LIVINGSTON.
CANV ""rued f?r two
superb works II? trench art. "Tditle ftuo
away and her Pets." and the pretty pair*
"The Dinner, and the. Nap." These
Diet ii rcs are worthy oj a pktet in costly
homes- and Iii?xpemdvo enough for the
tdmplest. 8emng< vapidly, and TAKE ON
SIGHT. We guarantee ready sales, good
proflrs. nm i quick return?. Any active
?rtfKon who will take Judd* eau make a
andsome income. Send for our best
terms at once.
J. B. FORD SC CO..
97 Purk Place, New York.
Wm. II? BIRD <fc CO.,
! Ml'ORT ERR ASD MANUFACTURERS OF
Oils, Wbite Lead,
201 Ka st Pay.
CHARLES! OX, ho. Ca.
July 1?, 46-6
?'A Repository of Fashion, Pleasure
Auiiua ut Che Pl ess.
The BAZAR IA edited with a contribu
tion of tuet mid talent that wc seldom
duo in any journal; and tho fuurnftl lt*
self is the organ of the great world ot
The BA/A it commends itself to every
member of the household-to the child
ren by the droll and pretty pictures, to
the young ladies by its fashion-plates tn
endless variety, to the provident matron
by its patterns for the children's clothes,
to paterfamilias by its tasteful designs for
embroidered slippers and luxurious dress
ing-gowns. But the reading matter of
the Bazar is uniformly of great excel
lence. The paper has acquired a wide
popularity for th? fireside enjoyment it
uflbrds.-N. Y. Evening Pott.
Postage free to oil Subscribers in the
HABrEn's BAZAK, one year.H,r0
?4.00 includes prepayment of U. S. postage by
Subscriptions to Harper's Magasine, Weekly,
and Dorar, to one address for one year, <l'\0o;
or, two of Harper's Periodicals, lo one address
for one year, $7 00 ; postage free.
An Extra Copy ot either the Magazine, Week
ly, or Buzar uill be supplied gratis for every
(Jab of Fire Subscribers at ?4.00 each, in ono
remittance ; or, Six Copies for ?20.00, without
extra copy : postage free.
Hack Numbers cun uv supplied ?t any time.
The seven vo'umes ol Hm per'.* Bazar, for toe
year*. I8O8, *6?. , ??l, '72, '73, '14. elegantly
bound in green uorocco cloth, will be sent by
express ireight prepaid, for f 7.00 euch.
Newspapers uro not to copy this advertise
ment without the express orders ol HxurxR A
HARPER & BROTHERS,New York.
6. 9. SlifSfJiW
CONTINUES to sen his LIQUORS
He keeps on hand and is rcciving
daily, fresh supplies of
And a general supply of merchandise.
O ALL BEFORE BUTTING.
C. D. KOT JO MN,
S. II. WILSON. J. T. WILSON
SAM'L E. WILSON & BRO.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
Pit MQC ERIES,
300 King St., Charleston, S. C.
I yt. A. C. I)JKRS,
Dealer lu all kinds of
Drags and Medicines.
Dr Dukes has had Nine Yean? Experi
ence in Drugs and Medicines and rhorouh
ly understands his business. He keeps
constantly on a large supply of Goods
usually found in a
First-class Drug Store.
S^-Pareful attention Daid to thc com
pounding of Prescription's and all orders
promptly attended to. Call on him at
his Popular Drug Store.
Orangeburg. Feb. 13.1875.
T. MINA BBS.,
Having removed to their
New Brick Store, are now
better prepared to meet the
j wants of their customers
^Tbeir elegant stock of
SPRING AND SUMMER
OLOTHLN? cannot, he siir
Call at the o-d .?". and..
j Theodore Kohn & Bro.
^RAND OPENING I
I will open this morning a lot of th*
ever offered in this markst, conoio i !:
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
And in order to cultivate a trade for
these fine grade* I will sell them
1 have alao received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh grouud and Slade especially
for me from the
Finest Selected Wheat,
I have never bad a complaint of
this brand of flour.
IMPORTANT NOTICE !
Inferior KE HO SENK OIL in BO dan
gerous und so many accidents hive oc
curred from its use, I liare been induced,
at the repeated solicitation of my custo
mer?, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their use. I have just recelv? ten
barrels ot (
PURE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 124 fire test. I will tell this Ture
Oil cheaper than the same grade of Oil
can be sold at in thia city. Fat&iliei Hoe
ing this Oil are safe. The uee of the
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
'rn equivalent to bringing Into the family
destruction and death !
I have also received i
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Hams,
10 Boxeo Cream Cheese, direct from
25 Firkins Goshen Butter,direct from
the Dairy, which has all the
freshness and flavor of the flow*
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel.
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sacks Laguayra Coffee, equal to
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio
With s full ?upply of
Frosh and J > > A.
My stock ls full, with prices lote sad
good times coming.
Thanking the public for their very Hb
eral patronage,, andb soliciting its contin
! na l?os. I milt, do my bent to merit tba
1 Colombia, So. Oft.