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title: 'The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, July 24, 1875, Image 8',
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STOCK RA1SIKO IN TUE BOOTU.
There is a class of meu throughout
tho piney woods belt of tho south, who
have devoted themselves: to cattlo and
sheep raising. Some of their establish
ments aro largo, including one to threo
thousand cattle, and more sheep. Tho
habits of these men aro almost nomadic ;
of consequence they live without com
forts, and their children grow up with
little education. But in Georgia, and
probably olsowbero under similar cir
cumstances, they have mado money,
receiving only gol'1, which is put in a
Btockiug'or in' a trunk, and is really of
no more nse to the owner than so much
gravel. It is by no means proposed to
set this mode of agricultural life as an
example to the southern people, simply
because it is attended with pecuniary
profit. The instance is cited to show
that under all tho disadvantages of the
case, tho only class which has devoted
itself to stock raising has made money.
Every planter has moro or less livo
stock. Formerly a serious attention
WSR given to hog raising. It was tho
ambition of tho planter to provide IHR
own bacon, but rarely any for sale. He
liad a few sheep, and, under favorable
circumstances a considerable gang of
cattle. But tho sheep ho rarely saw
unless thoy were brought np to. bo
salted, or the remnant ot tho flock ran
homo for protection against au incursion
of the dogB. The Bheep were sufficient
in number to mako him loso his temper
when tho dogs killed them, but not suf
ficient either in yield of motton or woo),
to counterbalance tho annoyance.
Cattle were turned out, in the spring
generally very poor, gaining flesh slow
ly, as tho Reason advanced, saleable at
low prices, as grass hoof in the fall. If
not sold the hope was to carry them
through tho winter, without shelter,
their only feed being straw and shuckR,
the supply of both being limited. No
one can say that Cn i s is an exaggerated
picture of the average cattlo and sheep
raising in tho cotton states. There are,
of course, exceptions. But how many of
the planters who read these lines adopt
a hotter system with rep ard to their
sheep and cattle than the one described?
Can this bo called stock raising ?
If a land-holder should put his cotton
or corn in the ground, let them alone to
find their own food, plant roots being
able to travel and fiud their own vict
uals, plants having enemies as well, and
then in tho autumn return to pick the
ono and gather tho other, would he be
called a planter? Just aa woll as the
man should be called a stock-raiser who
leaves his stock to shift for themselves.
Under thiB treatment of crop we might
well say that farming was a failure, as
well as stock-raising. Stock-raising is
a business and must be followed as a
business. Not a solo and soparate busi
ness, but as much so as the cotton, corn,
and wheat, etc., on a plantation, requir
ing caro as regularly, though not of so
long daily continuance as tho crops.
Growing stock must be attended to, ns
well as growing plants. And, when
grown, both must bo prepared for mar
ket, if we expect to derive a profit from
thom. Corn in tho shuck, or cotton in
the seed, would bo as little likely to find
sale in a distant market as half fat
cattle or sheep. Tustead of preparing
our stock for market in the winter, they
lose in the winter what they have gained
in the snmmor and autumn-it is a
a Penelope's web, lasting very often the
natural life of tho poor animal. When
ho is in fair order in the summer, he
cannot bo sold, for fresh meat isa drug.
When ho would bring a good price in
market, bo is too poor to eat or sell.
Besides tho want of habitual attontion,
thiB offering of live stook for sale at the
wrong season of the year, in consequence
of their poverty in tho winter, is a ma
terial cause of tho failure to mako live
stock remunerative at tho south. There
is nothing in tho soil, climate, product*?,
and nt certain seasons of tho ye ir,
markets of the south, to render livo
stock unprofitable. The difficulty is in
their treatment by ns and our having
them partially ready for market at the
Every winter oar loads, almost with
out number, of cattle, Bheop, and bogs,
are brought by rail from Kentucky and
Tennessee. These animals are fed upon
land often reaching two hundred dollars
per acre. It in true that anim?is re
quiring corn to fatten them can bo
raised cheaper at th? west than at the
south. But it is also true that
animals which do not require corn to
fatten them, as cattle and sheep, can bo
raised _with--'increased f^nomy and
pr?hYns we go southward.
Every really thrifty larmer will raise
his own colts, pnbstituting oats for corn.
While pork cannot be raised for salo at
the south, it can be raised in sufficient
quantity for homo consumption.
Wherever clover will grow, it reqnires,
with tho aid of peas, but little corn to
tatton ho?s. On thiB farm there a
?oven Berkshire shoats, weighing about
one hundred pounds each, all of them
fat cnongh for tho knife, that have had
no other food than that which they get
in a olover lot of threo quarters of an
aero, since the middle of April, and will
receive no other food until October,
when tho pea field is open. There is
scarcely a farm in thc south where the
soil has a clay foundation and is made
sufficiently rich, whoro the same thing
cannot bo done. One acre of rich land
in clover will keep in first rate growing
order ten hogH, that will make two
hundred to two hundred and fifty
pounds of pork each from tho middle of
April to tho middlo of October. This
will supply the market for a large
family. Tho hogs must not be put, on
the clover before it begins to blossom,
nor alter cold weather begins, as tho
roots ht c mic sweet, and they will de
stroy it. Sows with pigs, if put upon
clover, must have some corn.
*. Where the soil is low and damp, it is
unsuited for sheep. Drv, rolling wandy
land makes tho best pasture. Fall oats
or rye make the cheapest winter feed
where tho perennial grasses aro not
found. Win re tho object is to fatten
mutton in February or March for mar
ket, tho turnip or sweet potato, tho
former folded, tho latter sliced with a
root slicer, with hay or pea vines an
swers and exoellont purpose Turnips*.
aloBo will not fa*??n sheep for tho
Trntcher, they will hew them in good
order, but somo dr&?ood is necessary
in addition ; whe? n tilt sheep is spoken
of in this article, tho word is need in
tho sumo sense ?8 when wo speak of a
fat hog whose sides shake.
Tho perfection of a cattlo farm would
'bo a sutlieent amount of cano, or swamp
lands on which thc natural winter
grasses grow, also a sufficient amount
of upland well set in Bermuda grass.
Tho cattle penned every night on
ground designed to provide winter food
for fattening them. Three year old
steers and hoifors raised in this way,
taken from tho swamp in January, well
sheltered and fod with turnips, potatoes,
pea vines, straw or hay, would no ready
for tho butcher in March, and bring a
handsome price. Under this treatmout,
tho swamj) or cano brake becomes n
Chincha island to the farmer who knows
what to do with it. If money cannot
bo made by cattlo raising npou a farm
so situated, nuder judicious manage
ment, then it cannot bo made by this
branch of farming in any country.
Nothing is said of tho dairy, because
of tho uncertainty cf obtaining good
and reliable milkers. If this desidera
tum could be steadily supplied, tho
dairy would bo a source of great profit.
In 18G0, tho butter crop of the state of
New York sold for more money than
the cotton crop of the state of Georgia,
which was tho largest ever mide in that
state. Thin is one of tho ih partments
of agriculture in which wo must rely
for aid on foreign skilled labor-Bmall
farmers owning their own lauds, and
managing the dairy within themselves
and their frtuilies.
lt must R Jt be forgotten that in suc
cessful stock raising, tho judicious man
agement and husbandry of the manure
is a vital point. Commeroial fertilisers
are in certain aspects n necessity. If
tho largo cotton planter, could save one
half of his annual expenditures for fer
tilizers, by devoting a portion of his
timo to live Btock, it wonld be a great
gain to himself and his laud.
A striking instance of the value of
this kind of manuring is found on this
farm. Reference is made to the crop of
six acres of turnips, fed off by sheep,
which was tho subject of a statement
by tho commissioner of agriculturo of
Georgia, in tho Rural Carolinian last
winter. Tho srroeess of the experiment
was entire. Enough of the turnips was
sold to amount to upwards of two hun
dred dollarH, amt sufficient were loft to
feed a flock of Merino sheep, upwards
of oue hundred in number. Tho ground
is now in cotton, corn, and one and one
quarter acre in onions. It is perfectly
rich and clean, and the growing crops
promise beautifully. Tho enrichment
of those acres cost tho writor nothing,
in fact it was thrown in. They will be
sowed with oats in September, and in
February with clover on the oats. After
wards a judicious rotation for a term of
years will yield heavy crops without
improvement or necessity of manure.
C. W. Howard, in Rural Carolinian.
In an interview with Mr. Wm. Curtis,
a hoted short-horn breeder of Michigan,
the inquiry was propounded to him,
why is it yon prefer tho snort-horn,
Mr. Curtis, to any other breed of cattlo?
Well, sir, ho said, 1 can very soon
answer that queeMon. Because there
is more profit in th? ii ; there is moro of
them, you can get more out of them.
The calves and young stock bring more
monoy ; they take on fle?h faster. Thc
cows give rich milk and the butter is
rich. I know this, for I have tried
short-horns for years. Thc}' havo nc
superior for bocd. They make good
working oxen. They combine more
good qualities than any other breed of
cattle. They cannot bo improved by
crossing with any other breed. Cross a
short-horn cow with a Devon or Ayrshire
or Jersey bull, and you lose size. But
the short-horn improves everything it
touohes. It is tho best-known breed
for improving native stock, and foi
Uns purpose alono thev are invaluable.
They are kind and gentle, easily handled,
good breeders and good mothers, heart
feeders, aud I prefer them to any othei
breed They all have their good points,
but tho short-horns, iii my opinion, have
the most best points.
HOW TO ITALIANIZE YOUR HEES.
To Italianize your bees safely and iii
the most profitable way, you must send
for a good Italian queen to introduce in
tho strongest colony of your apiary.
As soon as the now queen has arrived,
take another empty hive of the same
sizo, without bees, and insert n division
board so that you will nave on your left
a little room in tho hive for four frames.
Now take from the colony which shall
have tho now queen, two combs with
plenty of sealod brood. On ono of these
combs cago tho new queen and brinp
Uer with tho second brood-comb and ali
adhering beos, but without tho old
queon, in that little room, and give still
two other combs containing only honey,
The other brood-combs of tho colonj
transferred with the old queen and beet
in that room < 1 your right hand, close
the hivo ant* then set it on the oh:
stand. After two or three days confino
ment of the new rjueen tako ont tbe twe
combs from tho little room at your lefl
hand, cut out overy queen cell, and se!
at liberty tho new queon. Tho bees o:
this little colony will do hor no harm,
from thin limo yon will havo two queem
in cr.." l,ive, and each queen will till the
cells with eggs in proportion to the
number of her worker-boes in her room
After some days, nt your leisure, yoi
may hunt out tho old queen in tin
strong colony. This done, yon wil
open ?orno passage of tho division hoare
cut in it, and closed before you bav<
inserted it. Having opened tho pas
sages, the strong colony will not built
queen cells, and HO becomo acquainlee
with cadi other. After ono day or tw(
you remove tho division board, fill u]
its placo wit h a comb from tho room a
your left hand, sud you have, safely am
in the most profitable way, a new queei
to a strong colony.
in the same way 1 have described
you will divide a small colony early ii
tho spring, we will sny at the close o
April or at the beginning of May, ns th?
weather is favorable and the colonie
aro sufficiently strong. Give the littl<
colony brood-combs with sealed brooi
abd eggs and lar Vie, ami let it. rear i
queen. (To givo it a queen cell woiih
bo of great advantage. ) Do this curb
that you moy have a fertile quoui ii
that littlo colony.
. To make an artificial swarm, procee<
hs follows : Hunt ont the queen of tin
littlo colony as soon as she lias laitl he
lir.'.t. eggs, cago her and bring her, witl
Bomo now brood-combs, in a now bivi
of the same si'/c. rcmovo tho obi stool
from its place and bring tho now ones J
with tho young queen on the old stand. '!
After two or three days, in tho oveniug,
rolcaso the young queen, nnd you will"'
have n strong swarm. Tho old stock..
you may remove to any place you like. :
As the old colony has a fertilo queen it.
will increase. Do not forget to give it
some water in a sponge, at tho entrance,
duriug tho ?*-st two or throe days after t
you have the artificial swarm.-Corres
pondencc National Agriculturist. J
Tun Vermont Farmer says farmer? i,
must not expect to got rich in a day- <
They, li ko other1?, need more of the old- j
fashioned patience that "learns to labor (
and to wait." Tho most calamitous of .
all tho results of tho war of the rabel?
lion-more deplorable than all the Ibas
of lifo and a groater burden than bhe
nationnl debt-is the impatience of 9tsf% j
moderate and wholesome ways of ma':- j
iug money and of living. There is ts .
disposition to got rich in a couple off J
yenrs, a chafing and uneasiness iu amy ?j
business whioh doeB not give speedy^
aud largo returns. Speculative invcotj
meuts aro sought in farming. Farmers
shift their stock, and change all thobr
plans to take up that which is ou tlie j
top wave of success. Now, betweeci !
the old, stupid, obstinate ways, which- ;
conceded the value of no improvement, j
and the modern reckless grasping for a :
phantom, there is a middlo ground,
which opens wide the door for improve
ment, and holds abundant promise for ;
success. It is the path which loads by
through culturo to a higher produc
tiveness of tho soil, and a larger digest
ivo capacity of tho animals whi<*.h cou- j
sume the crops. That this kine of
farming pays is susceptible of proof.
WORKING TRAMS IN TUE Coon OP TUE:
DAY.-A writer in tho Country Gent?o
mau says that ho\rooks prairie soil as? !
follows : ** Tho sod is in splendid con
dition, the grass well forward, render
ing the labor of teams comparatively .
light. Indeed, my cattle scorn to bear j
the toil on grass alono far hotter than I ;
could expect. I am trying an exper- ;
imeut with my breaking this Benson, in
order to avoid tho excessive heat of i
mid day. My cattle are at wor.'i as .
Boon as it is light enough to soo. They
work steadily till 10 a. m.; alf then j
turned out until 1 p. m. ; and worked,
fujui that time ns long as I can eoe.
One week's trial convinces me that 1
can thus do moro work, without danger
of hurting my cattle, than to wait till
7 a. m., and work through the heat of
tho da}'. Tho cattle, after a week'n j
work, take mo round a laud 120 rods
long as fast ns 1 have any desiro to ;
walk, pulling a fourtecn-iucb breaker,
and cutting two and one-half incheH
PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.
1 lu' l'lnii tor KIIRIIHII nutt A mn Ic nit. !
Coalition-All f.xtriiBloii Si III ni-.
The executive committee of the na- ;
tionnl grange have spent considerable
time in receiving and considering tho I
proposition of the English co operators
for a union for commercial purposes of
tho two bodies. Tho co-operators are
represented by TIIOB. B. Worrnll, of.
Manchester, England, who is th i man
aging director of tho company which ia
proposed as the bond of union. Tho
British co-operative societies aro not ;
secret bodies ; hence it will bo impossi
ble under existing circumstances for ?
them to unite with the patrons, bnt
this difliculty has been met by the for
mation of a trading company having tho i
indorsement and support of tho united !
co-operative bodies in England, and j
fully organized nuder the Euglish laws, j
Tho propositions are to have two '
branches of tho society, one in Englanl ,i
und tho other in tho United States.
Tho board in each country is to have?
the absolute control of tho fnnds BUD- j
scribod therein, and all to bo used for
the purpose of the international ex
change of commodities. The capital
All transactions aro to be for cash or
its equivalent. The British co-opera
tors number 500,000 ; have over ono
thousand stores, some fifty or sixty cot
ton sr inning mills, about twenty flour
ing mills, au agricultural and horticul
tural society, and a number of manu
factories, aud, of conrso, consume a largo
quantity of American products. Tho
funds subscribed by tho English brauob
of tho company will be employed
in the purchase of ships, ibo erec
tion of warehouses, and tho manu
facture of such articles as aro in
constant demand among the patrons of
husbnndry. These ships will bring tho
goods to New Orleans and other eouth
eru ports, and to eastorn ports if neces
sary, oud they desire tho patrons to i
employ their portion of tho capital in
carrying American staples and products
to moot these fillips, and thus to make
tho necessary exchange in the most
direct and Bimple manner. Tho co
operators have a Iorgo surplus capital,.
which is constantly on the increase, and
which they think can bo profitably em
ployed io this trade.
"Whilo each branch of the company
will have control of its own affairs tho
two boards will form n council, who will
by joint action decido what brancher, of
business will be engaged in, and doline
tho method of conducting tho same.
An American will be sent to Liverpool
to watch the interests of tho grange
branch of the comppny, and tho Eng
lish board will havo a liko representa
tive in New Orleans, whilo tho general
supervision will bo in tho hands of a
managing director, already elected, and
who, though an Englishman horn, has
been twenty-three years in America.
The proposition is rogorded with ?rent
favor, and it is expected tho sub com
mittee of the national prange, to whom
tho whole matter has bo JU referred, will
Tho executive committee determined
ko send throe of their number, vi/..:
Messrs. Shankland, of Iowa ; Chase, of
Now Hampshire ; and Jones, of Arkan
sas, to ?epresent tho patrons of hus
bandry in tho cotton states congress,
which meets in Raleigh, N. C., on the
SNAKE BITE.- - A physician of Orogon
anya: "Take tho yolk ol' a good egg,
put in a toaotip, and stir in as much salt,
as will make it thick onough not to run
off, and spread a plaster and apply to
tho wound. Do this when bitten or
stung and I will insure your lifo for a
sixpence. I havo tried this romedy
in a number of cases, and have
never known it to fail to cure a if.Hie
snake bite or tho sting of rt spid^i :"'
which is " important ff true.''
WHAT'S THE MATTER?
Tlie Timm Ilnril All Over the Wot lil
But * Wain ot Currency ls ??t ?no
Cnuso. Tribuno, July C.
There in no port of the commercial j
world where thcro is not at the present
timo moro or lesa complaint of dull
times. These dull times are accounted
for in various ways, but the main cause
of them, iuour opinion, is tho oloso inter
I dependence among commorcial nations.
; Take England for an example. Let us
I admit that she is the richest of nations,
amply supplied with capital for her own
uses, and having extensivo productive
investments in all other countries.
Grant that her commercial system ?B
perfect and still we shall find that tho
power of her capital and the advantages
of her colossal trade have their limita
tions. She cannot sell to those who aro
too poor to buy. Sui) cannot transgress
tho laws which regulate commercial
credit without suffering for it. With
abondant harvests and cheap food for
her trade languishes and every wound
inflicted on the nations with which she
trades is transmitted to her nerves ns
by an electrio shock. If dull times
taught no other lesson than the unity
of tho modern commercial world they
would not bo without considerable com
There ?B another way of accounting
for hard times, which was acoepted as
tho true theory by the majority in both
houses of the last congress. Those
gentlemon would persuade us that tho
wholo trouble comes from tho scarcity
of money. Wo beg to refer theso gen
tlemen to tho financial condition of
England, Franco and tho United States
at this very time, as a practical demon
stration that scaroity of money has
nothing to do with the universal dull
ncBS of trade. Wo point to tho re
markable fact, that in each of tho conn
tries named unemployed money is ex
traordinary abundant. Finally, wo in
vite attention to tho circumstance that
all this money in England, France and
America is offered tho public on tho
usual conditions which govern bank
loans and discounts at very moderate
ratoB of interest. In Frauo9 tho rate
for over a year has boen only four per
cent, and in London for more than four
months tho discount rate has remained
fixed at three and a half. Does this
show that tho business world is sn der
ing for want of a circulating medium,
either gold or paper ?
Tho law went into effect Thursday
placing tho fecB on domestic money
orders as follows:
On orders not exceeding 815,10 cents.
On orders over ?15 and not exceeding
S-'IO, 15 cents.
On orders over ?.'30 and not exceeding
810, 20 centB.
On orders over $40 and not exceeding
SG0, 25 couta.
PoBtage on printed matter and mer
chandise, ono cent for every ouuee, or
fraction thereof, np to four pounds.
The feo for registering h tters will
shortly be increased from eight to ten
cents, in addition to the regular post
Postage on letters to Great Britain,
Germany. Sweden, Spanish possessions,
Switzerland, Turkey, It dy and Den
mark, has beon reduced to a regular
standard rate of five cents to every
half ounce or fraction thereof.
By remembering these points, those
who have business nt the postoffico will
save themselves and the clerks much
trouble and annoyance,
A FA OT worth remembering-Five
coat? worth of Sheridan's Cavalry Condition
Powders given to a horHO twice a wook, will
Bavo double that amount in grain, ana tho
homo will bo fatter, aleokor, and oven' way
worth moro nionoy than though ho did not
iiuvo thom. _
MARRIED ladies, under all circum
HtBiicoH, will lind Panons' Purgativo Pilla
safe: and. in uniall (IOBCH, a mild cathartic
They caiiHO no griping pains or cramp.
Avoid Consumption. Qnard ugalnat ?tn
flrot approach. Thc timely UPC of Tlltt's Expector
ant will iirovo a sure preventive. Very pleasant,
Aal li in mind Cntiir r l?-Sr e I). LsnRell's advt.
I A Minni; IMO linc urti nut loll
A4%"#3t|t'iis 'I"' ' "I ' Milln-i ma'lin:
\ tS'fL .JW1'"1*'* "' 1.
? ?WJJ?1"^- sn.vi?i TIPS '
. ? g.1 J 3gy3arc ?i" c.\cc'li.|i| ivincily nevil
?.CAB Li ?
Dnrabillt ,. ?ind p'lability arc
until combined in the
GABLE SCREW WIRE
I'o ls ami shoes, one Irin) will
co vince you ; wld uni rip or
leak. All hear thc patent stamp
37?. VERY FAMILY WANTS IT. Money lu lt.
ll old hy agents. Address M. N. Lovell,Krle.Pn.
(CO fi fl * nionui to acents every where. Address
vD?UU KXCKlAIOa M'K'o Co.. Rtichnnan. Mich
fl Pl 11M t?l?lf'toli?ap i|iilck. private. Nopain,
uriuni DH. AKMHTao.no, Merrion, Mich.
WA N r E O O KNTS. fiwnptf.% rtml (nillir ti rr .
JtfUer thin Holli A. CODLTKRACO"I hiendo
ITQP ConaKr.t'i I'JLK OINTMKNT.-Sold bv driig
U ?D KlstH. Wm. H. Cornell, Prop'r, St. Louis, Mo.
NA Tl PL F Free mid Iii? Pay to Male and
Eonuile everywhere. Address
TUE UNION PUB. CO., Newark, N J.
Tilt VJ ti CU\ V OIIU B pa?M. fifi broad coi
int ffLLlALI OUilt amii, from now io
New Years post-paid. Wirt?. Adres I'll K Suv, N. Y.
1 I'muuls of Huller frmn 1 %}niirt of .Ililli !
Cnn he made any where hy an v nun No churniii"
i . j a : i- ! Itu.pt ?eat 1'rir sai rents. Albinos
e. *>) lox 1741. Philadelphia. Pa.
WANTED. ?OKNT-<- Kvorrwher.- for tho
( eui.'Min,il nut ?ry-??pagos ?Hlenirravlnini.
nellillK well. Ad lr.-sslt. O. .li i CO II I'o.s ,t il.,.,
i Homers* I street, ii...?.in. Mn vi.
rHIS paper is print?;I with ink niadehvO. ll.
I Kano I'd.. Ul I icm horn Wlreet, I'hleago,
and for Kale ny ns in Inrui' or sinai 1 anani un ?
rO NEWSPll'KR IINiON. Nnsnvllle. Tenn.
?IEN rs can make $">o lo 11511 pi r month canvass
lng f ir ihr New.Knglan I.Copying Moline AKIS
w.mteil io every c ni nt ?>. Onlv small canltul re
quired Adlress ll. R, Tn vin.". Il'.chesier. N.V
lice roi i.e.T . (lui', i' for th<- ' omp'p.x
UOUinn. Vonr hemer will fiiniiMi MI m pl?
K ?? KK, l.ni-gf. llox, l'o?t Ki er I ?,- r,n Ce ll 14.
I'A I.M KI , A l.nrSKH iV i'o..Sole IT p'rs St. I OIlU,
liir DIIV ?nil ship goods, a' lowed prices In or
ff C. DU 3 der. Srml iluhl goods by Express C.
(I \> Sud Silo V th"m fx ..minni lirlcr- nro/in'/ for
Ihr /IT Ad'lr*s< THE Ci lt. I). PU Ri IIA-It O
O). Balilni re Mil.
The Improvnl Success ?A-'nsliliiK aincliltie.
814u.ooo worm in :i
years, and ?Ive universal
satisfaction. Ii washes ali
Sises of clothing, amt face
i Hollars, without uijurv.
Hall down shirts are rle? li
ed In H minutes, soiled
wrlslhamls lin lii,!e.|.
HT KA II POW KU Machines
for IAIU .ilrir? iniKlc tn In
der. Senil r.ir pHliipliM.
A li I: NTS W A XT* fl Ililli CHU
mai o ri rurlnn'*.
York m on n fact ii i l ii j? Co. Vi rh. I'u.
Aililrtm Jotinmn, C?nik fi Cn., notion, Mmif.i Nfw y-?
CUr i ritUburBb,IV.| CUltsiro, 1U.1 or St. Loul* ???.
Whether for USP on toan or beast Merchant's Un
and worthy of uso hy every resident In thc land, v
used In die United States which shares the good wil
low wrapper lor animal, and white for human Hean
If) the standard .,lnlm?nt ol thc Unit-id -ilates. Kst
cents; small size. ?> cents. Small slz" for family usi
hy Merchant's Mantling Oil Company.
$5 to $20 KA.?
home. Terms free. Address
HTINKON A: CU., Portland, Maine'
Tl 25 cts. I will send instruct io:
Ll ll 11 th? warts nil of my liamls
I ll I wiihoiit ibu u<c ul tucdiiino i
i VI "ni , ;,," A.1.hess
instructions how I took
ur knife with
A. I?. rEl.'Olt. Kc? aunts
PT.OT?TTi A Thc Flur!'/? AaricuHnrhti
* OJVyXVXX^Xa. weekly, $3 a year. Send Ilk-,
for Hillel men. Proee, dings Florida Fruit Growers'
Association-meei nm of Ib74-iic's. Adrs WALTON
ik CO.. Jacksonville, Kia. Say ?'hore you paw this.
Pen. sylvania Military Acnilcmy, Chester, Pn.
Uppnssppt Bth. 1 ocstiou le- ilthflll : grounds
ampie, buildings commodious. Civil h nglmering.
the ('nosies alni Kngiisti thoroughly taught For
circulars apply t<> Coi. 'i UK I. HVATT i'nsMcnt.
CDIICTUIUG foryou. Hulls at night. Our
U U il I tl I ll I l'a U agents coln money. Wo have
work ami mousy for all. men or women, hoys or
?Iris, wbole or apare time, Send stamp for Catal
ogue. Address Frank (Huck. New Hertford, Mass.
Dr. Ward's Semi nary for Y?img Ladles. Nashville,
Tenn., ls the largest io (he South and li ft li in t1 e C.
s. scud for new catalogue. Fill session Sep't - .
DOUBLE YOUR TRADE
drug <ists, gi "oe- M ltd aler* .Pitt? China mn/ Japan
7r~<M.lil seated packages xereih-tnu con* linnsur half
chotis .Orowr.ra' prterjt. Send for circular. The Wei. s
.lea Company. Jin Hilton si.. N, v., p. o. Kn* i'm
Durable, cheap ; easily ap
plied by any uno; no nails
iDflN "r ?'.?''."* through Ihr. trun; In practical use
InUII tv years. Boxed r tr shipment tu any part
DnnCIMf1 of the country, CA LOWELL it CO.
fiUUrllMU Clo West .secuiul sheet. L'lncinnatl.O,
SA MA It ITAX JVEIt VINE
?ure cure fur Kpll. ptls Flt?, (Tonrulslnna and
ypBMuj. It h i, lin n leaton lu liiuonmla ami never
u 11 I, now ri I., (ail lu ti ni inti. .? Uj. .!.-? Hallie, rm
elr.-ul.ir Klvtori orMeiiretif nin-a. A l li.-* Dr.S. A
itli:)luo:>U.l?ui 711 si JMCDII. a.?
PSVCHO.HANCY, nr.?ottI Charmin;;.
Unw either sex may fsscmato and gain the luve
and aiTeclious of any per.too tiley chouse Instantly
'I'hls art all usu possess, free kym ill, 25 cen ls: to
gether with a Marriage (Hilde. Kg\ |itian Oracle;
Dreams, Hints to Dadles . ftc. I .imo.non sold. A
?pieerbook. Address T. WILLI ?.MS vt CO.. Pub
lishers. Philadelphia, l'a.
1 5 Cnvelt p 's , i u dell pe i ,
eut Yard M*ii ure an<l a i.re nf J cw'?",, rv sui
packige , with elegani Pr ze iiast um! ?Oct* (
calar (ree. lim UKACO, 700 Hrojilivay.Ncw Yoi
A(;KN rs Kt ?lt TI1K
liing *rize i :irt.
agc III tin-wm.d. Kenn
is 1M.i is Pai cr .
II hu!i 1er ,p nell . p it
WTLI. lt AVK OUIt O OOPS, send ?0 cents
and wc will scud by mall, |ireiia'ii, our I,.M,
F i LI,KU, willi which jun cnn lill nov Krroitr.ttr.
Tjnntp without removing chimruy ?- Kelling
iirrosr. nut nilli nf /.(imp A I Kline Ililli! we mau
yoii all our circulars and terms to agent) on
twrniy ic im household arlie es with will? i
any pirson can mike.from90 tu gu dully.
We want agents everywhere NA I IONAL
AOKSTrt' KM PODIUM' custon. Mass
IST. TP, MTTRNI-I/VM.'S
Was selected, 4 y fara ago, and put to
wurk in'tlic Patent Otllce. Washing
lon, I) C. and has proved to be the
best. Pl sizes Ulalie Prices lower
than any other Urst-rlans Wheel.
Pamphlet ins-. N. F. RUHNIIAM,
AOKNTS WANTED FOR
THE HOLY LAND
Being a full de crlp-ion ol' Palestine . il? lllstury ,
AntlipriiiM, 1 li Dui it t.-i li tn and I'li'toius, ace j ding
lo the Cre it Oin-uy eries ric -nt ly in aile by thc Pal
estine Kxptnrlng Expeditious, ii sells a' sight,
fend tor our ext* a terms to Agent?, ami ape tvhr
lt sells f.isl-T than any ether boni. NATIONA I.
PUBLISH I Nfl CO-, t. Louis, Mo.
BURK MILLS FOR CORN, FLOUR & FEED,
?.. " ./ .V..'./< ff* i
i'fll.i lill i.e. ia'. f..?
imaltiii: A Imlllnet .-?..!.>
RDWAItl) II.MtlllSO.Y. Xe? Haven, Conn.
UV INC STO N E'O
FE AND bXPLORATIONO
with lils 1. . ?T .locar. A I.S. iiu.v rea v ! 'l in' only
complete. I ife and tnrillng adventures In Africa ul
tbegreat hem Kxplorer iilhixowntanmtttfle. I'heall
e-t and hO?t-onfit y-i.r>o, iptCMtlilv i.hmtratril
OulHelisi-vcry thing Ac K. vi s IVAM'eil). . end
mr ertra terms ami proott or, I ' In baste tu begin
wink lend.tl Ml fur/n// outfit lo genuine ad ress.
1.1 VINOVi'.i.VK's PVIIUISIIKUN UI.M.'INNATI. fl
llOntpn, 'ny :.-?' Have sold
Uyour sea Foam fur the past :t
?years willi perfect anilsinctlnn
lo all who havs bought lt."' Its
onniiiy is wonderful; one
ar's saving will buy a cow."
nd (ur ci reatar lo (leo. F.
(lani/, it Cu.. bli "linnie st.N.Y.
AV Y O RK I N G M O X I* II ls V
A FORTUNE FOB SI. DltiWS KVEIIY 30 DvYS.
TICKETS 81 E?.C?I-8IX KOIl $fi.
CAIPTAL PRIZE S50.000.
L g.illzed by nilthorlly of an ucl nf the Li glslatuic.
UM: CH VNCI: IN FIVE.
A;;enls wsilted. Send for circu?ala. Address (lie
manager, I. M. PATTEE, Laramie City, Wyoming,
[ FLOUR MILISj
CORN IVIILLS.SAW MILLS,
V%N9ia ONION ST,
SsNEW ORLEANS LA.
[ GEO. p. ROWELL & ?O.
rgllng oil will bo round an invnitmiiie r,mimen
know of no proprietary medicine or Article now
1 ot the people io a greater degree Hutu thin. Vel
.-if. Y. tnttmentUsnt.
nhlishtfd lMi. Large MIJSH, ll.im; nicklin rn slr??. 50
cents. Miuiutiictiijfla ai Ijiickporl, New York,
i npilUK. Secretary.
CtJin in (tiRnn Invented in Wall Street ol lon
jplVJ IU tQJUW? leads lo fortune. A 7?pai;i
mid copy ol thc
book explaining everything,
WAI, ti ST UK KT HK.VIfc.VV
JOHN H KU I.I NO .V; (o i Blinkern
it Urokers. TZ Rroiehvay, N. V.
Tills new Cruss ls worn
with p'Tieet comror
night and day. Adnptt
Itself lo every niolion
of tho lindy, retaining
Itnptiire under Hie hard
est exercise or severest
strain until permanent
ly cured, bold cheap
Elastic Trusa Co.,
6S;l llronilvvny, New Yo: U l ily.
.Seul ny niall, l ull or send lo ( Irculur and re-i ured,
Ti mini; willi IllllmiHiicMH Wonl Do. tn
I h H u ay ch'igi?; dls< u?iM li hrouuht on A dl?or.
dereil li ver ls I iv i'ii!lM'<pier>ce of ll foul I toolach
and ob-lnu Od howels. and the ve y be-t prepaid
lion Iri e.xlsteiioe U) put them lu perl'icl order and
keep I hem io. is
Tammi s Effrrvrsctnt Aperient.
SOU) BY ALL MIUGOISTS.
THK SKCOND TKXAS
STRUCK ! !
A FORTUNE FOR $1.
Texas Gift Concert Association.
OF DENISON, TEXAS,
WII.Ii I1IVK A
SKCOND ii lt A ND (UFT CONCERT
IS .\U> OF A
Masonic & 10 .0. F. Gran tl Templo.
KKPTK1TIRER 22, 1875a
First Capital Cift.$50,000
Second Capital Gift.$25,OOO
iii nuits Kif IH In proportion amounting in all lo
LOWEbT GIFT TO A TICKET, $50.
Price of Whole Ticket, $5.00, which
Consista of five $1 Coupons,
Cou ros TICKKTB, fl, which will entitle I he holder
to admission totlie (.rand Concert ami to om-fifth
of what ever ?ifl may lie awarded to tho whole ticket
Agents who can give good r?f?rences wante*.
All ot d?l H for ticke'? neill direct promptly Ulled.
Circulais, Papers, icc, giving full part lenin iv. neut
free. In writing be ?uro end ngn jour name,
Town, Count v ami Stale in full.
Order? for t'ckcU aiuuuiit'.iig t?i f3 and upwards
cont C. O. !). if desired.
Address all communications and make all remit
tances of money lo
ALPHEUS R. COLLINS, Sec'y,
RIGH0L8, SHEPARD & CO/8
The BIlIliL?ANT HUCGBS3 of tbUOmttX
Sn-pttigs ir Lm c-y ovina THCRKSORR* ts
unprecedented la Ike annals of Farm Machinery.
In n Inief period ll ti.m become widely Unown
anti FULLY RSTABLISHLKD, aa th*
"LEADING XfiTCBSJXING MACHINIST8
(.HAIN RAISERS RBFDSB to snlimM
in th? wasteful and imperfect work of othet
Throchers, when posted on th? mut guperiority
of this oue, for saving grain, saving time, ana
doing fnnt, thorough and economical work.
TIIHESHERMEN FIND IT highly advantageofta ts
mn a machine that has no "Beaters," .MMekora,"
or " Apron.'' that handles Damp Grain, Long
Straw, llcsdr'ngs, Flax, Timothy, Millett nod all
stielt difficult grain nnd seeds, with BCN'FB ic EC
BASK AND EFVBCTTVENRSS. t'lnm
to perfection; saves the farmer his thresh hill
by extra oaring of ?min; makes ho "Litter
Inga;" requires LESS THAN ONE-HALF the usual
Hells, Boxes, Journals, and Gears ; easter m.-iii
iged; less repairs; one that grain raisers prefer
to employ and tra!; for, even ni uti v a kiwi
prlncw, while other machines are "oulof John."
I'our alxesma.de> xv M ti 0, 8. IO ami 131
llorac Ifjotinted** I'nwrrs, Alo? n spo
ci.-i itv of r?oiinraiorn ikaloue,? ?MTproanl jr
Tor sVrKA.li I'Otvr.H, and ta mc tr ti
othir Horse Power*.
I f interestad in grain raising, or threshing, writ?
for lliiii.ir.itrd Circulars ( tent/res) with full
particulars of sites, stylen, prices, lenna, el?\
NI CU OX?, 81KJBPARD ?V CO.,
Battit CrttlC. AHrMjrr*
No. 617 St. Charles Street, St. Louis, Mo., .
Il" t.rrn IOMHK aanaosn in t!.?- treatment of ,11 Vene*
r^il lii>.-.i-r?-.S|.rrm?i..iiln:ii, Sexual lloMlllj ?.? I lm? ...
lenci - ilian anj other Paralelan in si. I.oul?. Hr. \l . ?
ri.t;iii*l?Iitiiriii i? chartered ht the Slate of Sll.iuurl, ?na
tomi lui anal lu? been CMablUheil i.. ... -ir. ?.ile, efl loin
aud i rill, tile nilli. Still? a graduate ot > .vrr.it mi.ll
cal college*, ami bavlui ibo experience bl a loon .ni
.uerri?fiii I a f.- in hh : p. ? i .ltl, .< bo li is perfoilvd rein
ch. s ili n "i.. ,11., lu ll in .iii tu,-,,, c.isi .. Hu patleotl
ar?* Is'liia irrale*! liv- m.-ili ??r cxprca* evcrywheie. No
mill r ?ho I ni.-I. call or write, from the ?real nmn
Lr ii|i|,llc.ili<.n. le- ii enabled t>. keep In? J h a riv?
low. :i(, p;ige>.il?l"K 'uh ?jniplon?, tm moMampi.
M/lpaci . i ["fuer I.lt which ?heuld I... rea*! beever?.
iii.lv. Nu niirii .I l'un, ot |terioni os?teioi I ill?g m..r.
ti ICI . cao ..tl "i-: i . ? J ?about ii. ll contain t .!,.-1 ream of
ne ll .?1 literature f>0 ?Ll? r?tj.-.-t. tbe reaultlol Dr. H'.'a
experience i1 tho rh- I.. .? Ib?uebl? lr ni la
" Eliro|K BO'I Ane ri i. ,S"iii
WM K J writing lo artvertpers please ne tulon
I lie linnie ol Hits paper, No VU S. N. V.
QU C\ " <tO Kt'**'" d?y. Send lor Chromo Catalogue.
?D 1 U ' 4)/i?J 1. ll. 1II;K!OIIII'BSONR, Boston, Mass.
-Il>. I.AXaSRI.I.'M tVKTV A*9TIMA
I A.'.li < u lunn ItKMliUY.
i^J| Ilnvii'.- .tn, .; ! ,i I.,,I,I,. yrat.IvtV^KS llftfarl.
f??\ .ti'ttii ut?i ASIIIM.LI nil-,lu.. Ki?,I Iv cWi^
I li. ri ?ot..I bili.Ili.i: ?li? Mod.
ulric. I li . tuilMx-ly ilt?i ivereil n lAci'l-rtiil
eiur ly anil < iii? 11 lur AnCLtna t?tn| ?itirjb,
IVarraiilid tun ll?velo Mlalillj flu patient cao'
lu iliiivii tn nv! ninl rt.'-p cninliir.tat.1)'. Dina
elite air ?i(iiiilli il vltbeampli pm i. ....?.> for rima
lillrll.nl(..?. fill! .ixl rn ono, ?ir A.lilni.?
I?. l.il.Mll.l.l., A, pl, ,'1 , . . 1. , ?>|,,r,
I t'y (?isgal.i., Kell-atM i>?-i.f?, nmll,?l.w?,