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THE FREE CITIZEN.
OR AN GE BU RC, S. C.
E. A. WEBSTER, - - - Editor.
A. WEBSTER, PUULISIIKK.
ONE COPY. OtfE YEAR, - - - ?2 00
Invariably tn Advance.
And I ?rill erne r.car to rot: to Judgement: timi
I will bc a swift willies* np linet tin? ??reel
er?, met against tito adulterers, amt against
false swearers, und against those that <>i>
press the hireling in hts wages, thc willow
and tho fatherlo-i. ami that turn aside the
?trungur froin hi? rigl.:, anil loir nm me,
naiit'. tho Lord of H?iiis.-MALACHI, HI, P.
Wo aro not responsible for the views of our
Advertisement* to he inserted in the CITIZEN
must bo received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted at One Dolfar per
Inch, for the first insertion. Further terms can
\nt had on application to the 1-Mitoror Publisher.
Communications on matters of Slalo or Local
interest, respectfully solii-lted.
All orders for-Job Printing left at this offlce
will receive prompt attention. ?
Agonts and Correspondents wanted in' nil
Towns of tho County.
SATURDAY, AUG. 7, 1875.
Stealing from tho Public.
It ia something new lu South Car
olina for an official to bc brought to
justice, and made to feel that it is a
crime to steal from thc public, but this
is the lesson of the Parker 'rial, and
though the State realize nothing from
the 872,000 verdict, its influence for
good is incalculable, as lhere may be
many now in office, as well as ex
officials throughout the State, to
whom thc result will be a warning.
A. man who steals from another man
ti a thief. If he steal from ten men,
or ten thousand men, or a county, or
a State, ho is a thief still, and de
servea-to be arre9tod, tried'and sent
to prison. Soft words are mere
tufts of grass that will not drive away
tho thief, who first steals your confi
dence and then your money. We
should not waste our pity upon the
detected thief because he owns a fine
house, or drives a fast horse, or
bas he paid for all these with the
money he had stolen from the people.
When a poor beggar, at the point of
starvation, steals a loaf of bread, a
Score of men, women and children
will pursue him crying "stop thief!"
but when a man of fine address and
oily speech puts his arms, elbow deep,
into the public chest, we too often
look for sympathy, soften our speech
and expect to see him saved from dis
honor, under the sheltering wing of
the law. It is a hopeful indication
of a brighter future for public steal
ing to be deemed a crime, and pun
ished accordingly, in South Carolina,
and it should be the aim of all honest
citizens to make it as dangerous as it
deserves to be disgraceful.
Since onr last issue, Andrew John?
son the last of the ex-Presidents of
the United Slates has died. His
eventful life and public labors will
secure for bim a prominent position
in the annals of our national histor?'.
Of bumble origin and possessing
hardly the rudiments of a common
education at the age of twenty one.
ho has by his untiring industry and
plodding perseverance won a reputa
tion, and secured for himself a nitch
in history which is attained to by
few. ' By order of President Grant,
business was suspended in the vari
ous departments of the government,
in honor of the illustrious dead, and
his death is deplored as a national
calamity The following is a brief
sketch of his life and service : "Mr.
Johnson was tbe first ex-President
that was ever sent back to the Uni
ted Stntea Senat?, lin wan born at
Ralegh, N. C., December 29, 1808;
nt ten years of age he was appren
ticed to a taylor and followed the
business seven years ; he never aU
tended school, but by self study ac
quired a good English education,
Ile removed to Greenville, Tennessee
and wu8 elected Mayor in 1830, sent
to the State Legislature in 1835, to
the State Senate in 1841, and to
Congress from 1843 to 1853. In the
latter year he waa chosen Governor
of tile Slate, and was reelected in
1855. He served ns a Senator in
Congress from 1857 to 18G3. Re
signed in ?862? and was nspoirited
hy President Lincoln Milhtary Gov
ei nor of Tennessee ; he was elected
Vice-President ol' the United States
in 1864. and President on the death
<>f ATr. Lincoln, April 15.1865". In
1866 received from the University of
North Caroliua the degree of LL. I).
Ile was impeached by the National
House of Representatives, February
22, 1868, on alleged misconduct un
der the tenare-of-ofllce hill. Ile was
acquitted I13' the Senate organized us
a High Court of impeachment."
i Bound for New York.
Ok-BOARD THE SOUTH CAROLINA, I
NEAR ('APE HATTERAS, July 29 '75. J
Editor Free Citizen :
DEAN Sin-Have just read your
leader of last week on "No interest
in thu black man," which is well put,
and the criticism on Fred Douglas is
well made. Looking at this whole
subject from a human stand' point, I
can see some reasons" for while peo
to talk about giving up the colored ;.
but for the colored to talk about sep
aratinffTromthe white,-and'being in
dependent, is simply foolish, ami
may result in the cud with great dis
aster to the colored people. I know
it is not well for children to depend'
on father always, bul it is not well
for them to boast of independence
till they can walk without stumbling.
I do no injustice by this figure ; the
fact is, the majority of colored poi
sons ia the South are children in
knowledge, and they need and ought
to have the aid and sympathy of their
brothel s whose circumstances have
been more favorable than their own.
Had thc circumstances been changed
during thc long, dark period of the
tue white's would have "done any bet
ter than the blacks ; for we be broth
ers, all belonging to Adam's race,
and it ia silly, foolish and wicked f u
one to kick at the other.
Just a word about our sail, though
I am reminded that it may be prema
ture, as we left Charleston only yes
terday, and aro not quite half way to
New York. As soon as we passed
over "the har" old Neptune met us
with Iiis bill of fare, but after consid
erable will and decision on the part
of thc passengers, most were released
with paying a slight interest on his
unreasonable tax. The weather, thus
far, has been excessively hot. The
thermometer clings to the nineties on
the oceun, as well ns on the land
But we all hope for cooler days and
nights Boon. The ocean is sublimely
grand, to use the language of the
school. We shall never grow weary
in its study ; ever changing, anti yet
monotonous, ever rolling and foam
ing and yet always standing still.
O'! the depth and breadth, who can
measure it? And yet our Fatlnr
' holds tl and us in His own hand with
safety. Now is seen the king of fish,
spouting the water high in thc air,
estimated by thc mote to be six'y
feet in length. Yonder is seen the
shark, a clumsy ifeh, but one of great
power; then a school of mackerel,
which wake up an appetite. A thun
der storm on Thursday was sublime,
though we thought you needed the
rain more than wc did. An amusing
scene occurred just at dark, on a
sudden change of the boat in its
course. Most of the passengers on
rieck instantly lost th? ir centre of
gravity, and for once all were on the
same level. Tho was a wonderlul
mixing of races, the usual result of
being humbled. Tho rich dinners,
pleasant conversation, case in riding,
joy In singing--arc some of the many
things to be enjoyed en this route, in
preference to one by the dusty rail.
We arrived at New York aftei a
most delightful passage of 72 hours,
on th? 81st ?nut;
T. J. ABBOTT.
Alwa3's have something to do, and
you will always: have something to
-ESCAPE OF PAUI?EU.-Pinker
escaped I rom jail Wed nst I ay night j
between 9 and 10 o'clock. Al 8
o'clock lite sheri If saw Parker in his
loom, and at Ids request bought and
delivered to him a bottle of brandy.
About 10 o'clock the sheriff was
awaken and tobi by a colored man
tnat Pat ker was about lo escape ; that |
lie had his horse all ready. The sher*
ill" hooted al tiie idea, but went iuimc- M
dtut?ly to the j di und found the outer'
door locked, hut found Parker's dom
open and Parker gone. The sherill |
uinl posse then immediately went tu
Pat ker's house and found two of hi*
horses gotie. Ou a re-cx.uniiuiUon
of the j di, the lock of thu scull le in
Parker's room was found broken and
thu ac illlc hall*open. A luther ex
amination showed that a while hand
kerchief was hanging t?j tim iight
ning-tori. From these facts the sher
iff went into tile yard a ul j ist al the
loot ol' the lightning-rod found a
braud-new five inch barrel Smith &
Wesson revolver. This proven bc
youd donut lhat the escape wjis down
. he lightning-rod. The. next morn
ing Alex Mallison and Tony Ricli
anlson were found driving two of
Parker's horses towal ds the stable,
and from he evidence iliM'.eri al their
examination, it appears thal thu
lau ses were intended t?> aid Pu. ker |'
in his escape, but that I rom some un
known cause they were not so us?d.
Our opinion is that they are noi liing
but n blind, and that Parker is now
concealed in Columbia. A reward ol'
S700, has been offered lor his capture.
That tuan is lillie less than a de
liberate suicide wlu? habitually drinks
tea, coffee, or ardent spirits of ail)
kind, to induce him to perform a
work in hand when he loci* too weak ?
togo through with it ?viihool stiehl
aitl. Ile is trying lo gel. at the life |
God has stored up loi him for to-:
morrow, and use it Up tu ihn. This
is thu reason that ibo majority ol';
great oialors and public favorite* ?lie'
drunkards. The pulpit, the bench,
the bar, the forum, have contributed
their legions of victims lol drunken
habits. Thc beautiful wcninn, the
sweet singer, the conversions) isl,
too often a drunkard's grave. The
best po-sible thing l'or a man to rio J
when he feels loo tiled to perform a jg
task, or too weak to carry it through,
is to go to bcd anti sleep a week, if In*
can; this is the only Hue r?cup?ra
tion of brain power ; the only actual
renewal of brain forces, because du
ring steep the bruin is, in a sense, at
re*i ; in a condition to receive anti
appropriate particles of nutriment
laom the blood, which takes thc place
of those which have been consumed ? j
in previous labor. Mere stimulants ;
supply nothing f they only goad the (
brain, force it to greater consumption j*
ol' ils substance, until that substance
has been DO fully exhausted that lhere
is not power enough left to receive a
supply ; just as men ure sometimes
so near death by thirst and siu'vu
tion that there is not strength enough
left to swallow any thing and all is
over. The. capacity of the brain for
receiving recuperative particles,some
times ceases instantaneously and the
man becomes mad in an instant; inj'
an instant falls into convulsions, in
an instant loses all sense, anti he is
an idiot. We repeat, lhere is re
newed force for tho brain only in
emly and abundant sleep.
TUCE LIBEHTV.-All governments
ought lo aspire to produce tho high
est happiness by the least object ion
able means. To produce good without
some admixture of ill, is the prerog
ative of Deity alone. In a Bl ate td'
nature, each individual would sn i vi
lo preserve the whole of his liberty,
but then he would be aloe liable to
the encroachments of others, who
would feel equally determined to pre
serve the whole of theirs. In a slate
of civilization each individual volun
tarily sacrifices a p rt of his liberty,
to incienso the general tstock, Hut
he sacrifices his liberty only to the
laws; and it ought to be the tare of
goori governments, thai this KUCiifieel
of the individual is repaid him nilli.
security and with interest; otherwise |
the sleudid declaration of Rousseau ?
might bc verified, and a state of na
ture be preferred to a state of civili
zation. The liberty we o tain by
being members of civilized society,1
would bc licentiousness, if it allowed
lis to burin others, ami slaveiy if it
prevented us from bcueliUiii?? our
selves. True li'u'ii.v, therefore, a?
lows each individual to do all the
Unod he eau to himself without in*
luring his neighbor.
CANV SSERS wanted for "two
Mipeiii work*, "t trench art'. ..Little HMII
Iwily and her l'ets." and the pretty pair'
.The Diluter, and the Nap."' These
[ile tu res are worthy of a place in costty
xonos and inexpensive uuo?lfh for the
-huptest. Helling rapidly, and TAKE ON
Ston r. WejfiiarnUlee mady sales, jfootl
?Kill s, an quick rei urns. Any active
n i.-..ii who will lake hold can make a
iiiuiNniiic. income. Send fur our best
erins ut once.
J. Il Foul) & Co..
27 Turk Place. NewYork^
IZLAR & PIBBLE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
No 7, LAW lt ANGE, OiiANataiuiio,
(Opposite Mothuitibt Church.)
GLOVER & GLOVER,
/Ittoriieys ti t Lo. w ?
No ft, LAW RANGE,
OMANGKUUllG. S. C.
rs IIEHEHY GIVEN that application
?j has .'icen made, hi ticcordiince willi
lie statute in such case, made ami pro
dded, to ilu- t'lerk ot ihe County for '.he
i.c.irporation nf the <_'on;? relational
Jhineh in Orungebur?r.
li. S. DICKSON.
July 10. 48-3
TWENTY GOOD HANDS, TO CUT
GOOD PR I CES--CASH.
J. L. LIVINGSTON.
Wm. JVL BIRD & CO.,
IMMI?TERS AM) MAMJFACiliaE?S OF
Oils, Whire Lei \
SOi Ea^t Ray,
CHARLESTON, ^o. Ca.
July 17. -JS)-5
?JUMMKK EXCURSION TICKETS.
SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD, I
ClIAIM.Es.ON. M?y '8. 1875. I
Excursion tickets to thc following points wpl
ie on Hale from Isa June to 1st September, unit
; .oit to re tn rn until find December:
Greenville, amt return . ? 15 no
Willimill! anil return - . . . 16 OJ
Pendleton timi return 15 co
Aiiilei-eon and return . . . - I io
Sparttinburg und return - - . 13 on
Stage* I on ve Greenville on Tuesday?. Thurs
lays lind Saturdays, nt seven a. tn. for Flat
tuck, AsheYll e and Warm Springs. ? C.
Stager tor Glenn .Springs and Cherokee
luring" viii connect dully willi the Spurtanburg
m I Union R lilrond ul Ricli'a Hill und Spartan
Thc following oxcursinu tickets will be on sale
inti! lat September, good to return lal Novcm
A hite Sulphur Surines and return . il 10
.nug Itruuch and return . - U 10
saratoga nml return . 48 25
?-evv pint nn.l return . . 40 s .
iirlgliru Falls anil return - Mi 85
All thc nbove ticke'? (except White .Sulphur
?pring-?,) pass through through New York cither
foiug or rom ruing. Several routes ure offered
0 S uatoira and Niagara Fulls, some costing a
itlle mor.- than the above figures-.
Tho only mouiinir train ont of Charle-ion for
1 hi i rc points, making quick time and clo*e con
leclinn i- by this rond.
Thin is the shortest and most direct route to
he Vi. gilda Spring-only one night on the way.
Ticket*, on -aleut Chin lesion Hotel mid Line
trcet di-pot. where Time Tables und ull ill fur.
mit ion will be fiiruistu-d.
July 31-it S. U. PICKBNS.G. T. A.
' Complete Pictorial History of the
Times'-k* Thc best, cheapest,
and most success/id Family Pa
per in the Union
Harper's Week ly.
Notices cl the Press.
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erful illustrated periodical published in
lil? country, ll? editorials are scholarly
md cntiviiichijr, and curry much weight.
Its il I ?si rat lon." of current events arc full
mid fresh, lind are prepared hy our liest
lesi?rners. With n circulation ol 150.000
ibu WEEKLY is read hy ut least haifa
million pei sous, und it s iulliieiiee us an
iriiau of opinion \n .-imply i remend?n*.
riie WEEKLY maintains a positive jins!
llilll. eX|?resses llceitled views mi political
md uncial problems.-Louisville. Chut ii r
Us articles? tire models nf hi h-totted
I?M-u-<i?ih. Hud its pictorial illii-tratlou
itrc often curro' nra1 ive arjf.ullM'iils of no
-mall lore- -N Y Examiner und Chron
Il s pa|)et s upon existent questions ami
?Is inimitable cart-ions help lo mould r|it<
Miitioients nf the country.- Pittsburgh
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BitOIHlKS. A dd. CFS
HAJlt'ER ? OHOTIIEKS, ?nw fork,
.fA Repository of Fashion, Pleasure
.and Instiuction." i
Notices of tkr. Press.
The BAZAR IS edited with a contribu
tion of tact and talent that we seldom
finil in any journal ; and the journal It
-eit'U thu organ nf the great world ot
The BAZA ic commend* ilself to every
member of the household-lo tho child
ren by lite droll abd pretty pictures, to
the young ladies by its fashion-plates in
endless variety, to* the provident matron
hy its patterns for the children's clothes,
to paterfamilias by tts tasteful designs for
embroidered slippers and luxurious dress
ing-gow us. But the reading matter of
the Bazar is uniformly of great excel
lence. The paper bas acquired a wide
popularity tor the fireside enjoyment lt
alfords.-AT. Y. Evening Pust.
T E II, T?X S ?
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M.ou Includes prepayment of U. S. postage by
S -ascriptions to Harper'? Magazine, Weekly,
amt Unzitr, to one address for one yeur, -1 .0?:;
or, two of Harper's Periodicals, io one address
for one yeur, $. 00 j postage free.
An Extra Copy ol cither the Magazine, Week
ly, or Uuzar will be supplied gratis for every
('lui; of Five Subscribers ut M.00 each, in one
rcautt ?nee ; or. Six Copien for ?20.00, without
extra copy : poi-tage flee.
Ruck Numbera can bo suppMed nt any time.
Tile ?even vu'ume? Ol limper'.- B:izar, for the
reara IW8, 'fi'J. , ?ll, '72, T3, 74. elegantly
bouiiil in green .aoroeco cloth, will bc sent by
express Ireight prepaid, tor .i7.u0 euch.
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ment ? uhout the express orderd ol HAUPER ?
HARPER & BROTH ERS, New York.
e. o. r?RTMm
CONTINUES to sen his LIQUORS
and S Eli A US
He keeps on hand and is reciving
daily, fresh supplies of
And a general s;ipplv of merchandise.
CALL BEFORE BUYING.
C. D. KOTJOIIN,
S ll WILSON. 3. T. WILSON
SAM'L fl- WILSON & BRO.
Wholesale and Bel all DValers
306 King St., Charleston, 3. C.
May 15-1 f
|-^R. A. C. PUKES,
Dealer in all kinds of
Drugs and Medicines.
Dr Dukes lias had Nine Years Experi
ence In Drugs and Medicines and i hur? mil
ly understand* his business. He keeps
constantly on n large supply of Goods
usually found in a
First-class Drug Store,
?gj*=n:irefill attention paid to the com
pounding ol Prescriptions and all ?irders
promptly attended io. Call on bim at
his Popular Drug Store.
Orangebnrg. Feb. 13. 1875.
T. Kill* IRO.,
Having removed to their
New Brick Store, are now
better prepared to meet the
wants of their customers
Their elegant stock of
SPRING MD SUMMER
CLOTHING cannot be sur
Call at the old stand.
Theodore ?0^11 $ Bro
ADV E lt T I S E MENT S.
M1 SU K 1.1. A N KO US'.
I will upon tills morning a lot of tb?'
ever offered in this rna rket,con'
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS.
And in order to cultivate a trade for
tliose Hue grades I will tell them
I have also received'tlifs morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for me from tho
FiueH? Heleoted Wheat,
I have never bad a complaint of
thia brand of Hour.
IMPORTANT NOTICE I
Inferior KEROSENE OIL. is so dan
gerous and so many accidents h tve oc
curred from its usc, I have been induced,
at the repeated solicitation of in y custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their use. I have junt receive ten
PURE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 124 fire test. I will sell thia Pure
Oil cheaper than the sarao grad? of Oil
can be sold at in tili? city. Families use
lug this Oil are safe. The use of the
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
i? equivalent to bringing into the family
destruction and death!
I have also received :
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Hams,
IO Boxes Creara Cheese, direct from
the Dai ry i
25 Firkins Goshen Butter, direct from
the Dairy, which has all the
freshness and flavor of the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
IO Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sacks LagH.ayra Coffee, rqual to
50 Sacks ot assorted Rio, by last Rio
With a full supply of
Frosh au I liol.
My Block is full, with prices low ?nd
good times coming.
Thanking thc public fer ?.hair ?ery lib
ersl patronage, and soliciting Us contin
uance, I will do my best to merit the
Columbia, Ba. Ca.