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THE FREE CITIZEN.
Ml A. "WE BS TE i?, - - - Editor!
A. WEBS 1ER, P?BL-fSTIEIt
OH? Corr, Oitt? T?KAR, - - #2 00
Invariably in Advance.
? l ? -
Abd I wi'.', c?ass ass. to yo? tc judgement; and
I will be a swift witness against tho sorcer
ers, and against the adulterers, and against
Stlso swearers, and against those that op
press the hlreling'ln bis wages, tho widow
and th j fatherless, arid that turn ashle tho
stranger from his right, and re ir not rn?,
saiUi "tho Lord of lloits.- MALACHI, III, 6.
We aro not responsible for the vic wo cf our
Advertisements to lio Inserted In the CITUEKM
sinst be received by Thursday evening-.
Advertisements Insertad'at One Dollar per
lash, for the first Insertion. Further terms eau
be bsd ou application to tb? Editor or Publisher.
Communications on matter's of State or Local
Interest, respectfully solicited.
All ordern for-Job Printing left nt this offlce
wUt receive prompt attention. ?
Agents and Correspondents wanted in' all
Towns of the County.
SATURDAY, AUG. 7, 1875:
Stealing from tho Public.
. It is something new in South Car
olina for an official to bc brought to
Justice, and made to feel that it is a
Crime to steal from the public, but this
is the lesson of the Parker rbi, and
tKough the State realise nothing from
the 872,000 verdict, its influence for
good is incalculable, as there may be
many'now in office, as well as ex
officials throughout the State, to
whom the result will be a warning.
A. man who steals from another man
tra thief/- If ho steal from ten men,
or ten thousand men, or a county, or
a State, he is a thief still, and de
serves-to be arrestod, tried'and sent
to prison. Soft, words are mere
tufts of grass that will not drive away
the thief, who first steals your confi
dence and then your money. Wc
should not waste . our pity upon the
detected thief because he owns a fine
house, or drives a fast horse, or
has he paid for oil these with the
money he had stolen from the people.
When a poor beggar, at the point of
starvation, steals a loaf of bread, a
SCofe* of men, women and children
will pursue him crying "stop thief J"
but when a man of fine address and
oily speech puts his arms, elbow deep,
sato the public chest, fe' too often
look for sympathy, soften our speech
and expect to see him* saved from dib
honor, under the sheltering wing! cf
the law. It is a hopeful indication
of a brighter future for public steal
. ing to be deemed a crime, and pun
ished accordingly, in South Carolina,
and it should be the aim of all honest
citizens to make it as dangerous as it
deserves to be disgraceful.
Since ocr last iasue, Andrew John,
son the lost of the ex-Presidents ol
the United States has died. His
eventful life and public labors will
secure for him a prominent position
Sh tl ia ftnnfejg nf nnr national history.
Of humbie origin and possessing
? hardly the ?nditnento of a common
education at the age of twenty one.
Ko has by his untiring industry .od
plodding pereeverenee won A reputa
tion, and secured for himself a nitch
in history which is attained to by
few, ' By order of President Grant,
business was suspended in the vari
ous departments of the government,
in honor of tho illustrious dead, and
Iiis death is deplored as a national
calamity The following is a brief
?ketch of his life ?nfl service ? "Mr.
Johnson was the first ex-President
- . that was ever sent back to. the Uni
ts;?? States ferfaLn. He SM born st
&s!egk, N. C.? December 20, 1808 ;
at ten years of age ho waa appren
ticed to a taylor ?nd followed the
business seven years; he never at
tended school, but by ?elf study ac
quired' a good English education,
Ile removed to Greenville, Tennessee
sud was elected Mayor ia 1880, sent
to the State Legislature in 1&35, to
tho State Senate In 1641, and to
Congress from 1843 to 1858. In the
latter year he was chosen Governor
ofttrj Slate, and was reeleoted lu
185?. He served ??S a Senator ir*
Congress from 1857 to 1863. Re
igned in ?862v and* was nspoirited
hy President Lincoln Millitary Gov
ernor of Tennessee ; he was elected
Vice-president of the United States
in 1864, and President on true di?flth
of .Mr. Lincoln, Apr ri 15.186o. In
1866'received fror? the University of
North Carolina the degree of LL. D.
He was impeached by the National
House of Representative?, Fehruary
22, 1868, on alleged misconduct un
der the tenOre-of-oflloe bill. He waa
acquitted by the Senate organized as
a High Court of impeachment."
i j Sound for New York.
Ok*BOARD THE SOUTH CAROLINA, )
NEAR ('APE HATTERAS, July 29 "75. J
Editor Free Citizen-:
DEAR SIR-Have just read your
leader of last week on "?o interest
in the black man," which is well put,
and the criticism on Fred Douglas is
well made. Looking at? this whole
subject from* a human stand' point', I
can seo some reasons- for white peo
to talk about giving up the colored ;.
but for the colored to talk about sep
arating^fronv the white,- amt heing in
dependent, is simply foolish, and
may result in the end .with great dis
aster to the colored people. I know
it is not well for children to depend*
on father always, but it is not well
for them to boast of independence
till they can walk without stumbling.
I do no injustice by this figure J* the
fact is, the majority of colored per
sons io the South are children in
knowledge, and they need and ought
to have the aid and sympathy of their
brothers whose circumstancps have
been more favorable than their own.
Had the circumstances been changed
during the long, dark period of the
ter than the blacks ; for we be broth
ers, all belonging to Adam's race,
and it is silly, foolish and wicked f>r
one to kick at the other.
Just a word about our sail, tho<igb
I aro reminded that it may be prema
ture, as we left Charleston only yes
terday, and are not quite half way to
New York. As soon as we passed
over .'tho bar" old Neptune met us
with his bill of fare, hut after consid
erable will and decision on the part
, of the passengers, most were released
with paying a slight interest on his
unreasonable tax. Th? weather, thus
far, has been excessively hot. The
t hermometer elings to the nineties on
the ocean, .as well as on tho land.
But we all hope for' cooler days and
nights soon. The ocean is sublimely
grand, to use the language of the
school. We shall never grow weary
in its study ; ever changing? and yet
monotonous, ever rolling and foam
ing and yet always standing still.
O! thedepih and breadth, who can
; measure it? And yet our F&tlur
. holds it and ns in His own hand with
safety. Now is seen the king of Ash,
spouting the water high in the air,
1 estimated by the mate to be sixty
feet in length. Yonder is seen the
shark, a clumsy f&b. but one of great
power; then a school of mackerel,
which wake up an appetite. A thun
der storm on Thursday was sublime,
though we thought you needed thc
rain more than we did. An amusing
scene occurred just at dark, on a
sudden change of the boat in its
ooaree. Host of the passengers on
tieck instantly lost tin ir centre of
gravity, and for once all were on the
same level. Tho was a wonderful
mixing of races, the usual result of
being humbled. The rich dinners,
pleasant conversation, ease in riding,
' joy tn einging- arc some of the roany
things to be enjoyed an this route, in
preference to one by the dusty rail.
We .arrived at New York after a
' most delightful passage of 72 hours,
inn thc ats!? inst.
T. J. ABBOTT.
Always have something to do, and
you will nt way ff have something to
-ESCAPE OF1 PAIIP?BR.-Parker
escaped I roui jail Wedusduy night
between 9 and 10 o'clock. At 8
o'clock the sheriff1 saw Parker in his
room, arid at hfh request bought and
delivered to him a bottle of brand}.
About 10 o'clock the sheriff was
awaken and told by a colored man
tnai Parker was about to escape ; thal
he had lita horse all ready. Thu sher
iff hooted at the idea, but went imme
diately to the j ?il and found the outer
door locked, bul found Parker's door
open und Parker gone. The sheriff
and posse theu immediately went to
Pur ker's house and found two of lita
horses goue. Ou a re-ex,uninnlion
pf the juil, the hick of the schule in
Parker's room was found broken and
thu se title half open. A luther ex
ttmiimtion showed thatra while baud
keichief was hanging- lo the light
ning-tod. From these fuels the sher
iff went into the yard aid j isl al ihe
foot of the light utrig-rod found a
brand-new five inch barrel Smith &
Wesson revolver. This prove? be
youd doubt that, ibu escupe veas down
ihe 1 ig h tn i ng-roil. The next morn
ing Alex Muttisoii ami Tony Rich
ardson were found driving two of
Parker's horses towmds the stable,
and from the evidence dished at their
examination, it appears tuut thu
horses were intended lo aid Pa? ker
iu his escape, but that from some un
known cause they were not .so used.
Our opinion is that they are. nothing
but a blind, and that Parker is now
concealed in Columbia. A reward <>f
$700, hus boen offered for his capture.
That man is lillie less than a de
liberate suicide who hahiliiaU) drinks
tea, coffee, or ardent spirits of any
kind, lo induce him to perform a
work in hand when he feels, too weak
to go through with it without such
aid. Ile is trying lo get at the life
God has stored up for him for to
morrow, and use it up to day. This
ta the reason that the lutijinity of
great orators und public favorite*, die
drunkards. The pulpit, ihe bench,
the bar, the forum, have contributed
their legions of victims UM drunken
habits. Thc beautiful wcwnnn, the
sweet singer, the couvenAionnlist.
too often a drunkard's griive. The
best possible Hiing for a man to do
when he feels too lived to perform a
task, or too weak to carry it through,
is to go to bed and sleep a week, if he
eau;.this is the only irue recupera
tion of bruin power ; the only actual
renewal of brain forces, because du
ring sleep lire brain is, in a sense,- at.
reut ; iu a condition to receive and'
appropriate particles of nutriment
.jon? the blood, which takes .thc place
of those which have been consumed
in previous labor, Mere slitnulants
supply nothing f they only goad the
brain, force it to greater consumpti?in
of its substance,- until thal subs'ance
has been So fully exhausted thal there
id not power enough left to receive a
supply ; just as men are sometimes
so near death hy thirst and Starva
tion that lhere is not strength enough
left to swallow anything and all is
over. The capacity of the brain for
receiving recuperative participa, ?C?S?C
times ceases instantaneously and the
man becomes mad in an instant ; in
sn instant falls into convulsions, in
au instant loses nil pense, and he is
au idiot. Wo repeat,- there is re
newed' force for tho brain only in
eat ly and abundant sleep.
TRUE LIBERTY.-All governments
ought to aspire to produce tho high
est happiness by th? least objeui toll
able nu; a rm. To produce good without,
some admixture of ill, is the prerog
ative of Deity alone, lu a state of
nature, each individual would strive
to preserve the whole of his liberty,
bat then he would he also liable to
the encroachments of others, who
I would feel equally determined lo pre
serve the whole of theirs. In. a state
of civilization each individual volun
tarily sacrifices'a p url of his liberty,
to increase the general stock. But
he sacrifices his liberty onr> to the
lam; and it ought to be thc care of
good governments, that this sacrifice
of the individual is repaid him with
seen) Hy and with interest j otherwise
the siendid declaration of Rousseau
might he verified, and a stat? of na
ture be preferred to a state of civili
zation. The liberty we o'?tain by
being members of civilized society,
would be Hccntiouoness, if it allowed
usto barm others, ann" bia vet y if tl
prevented us from bime lilting <?ttt'
sclves. True liberty, therefore, ?K
lows each individual to do all the
good he ultu to himself without in
juring his neighbor.
CANV 8SERS wanted for ?two
supero work?? <>t French art'. - Linie Rilli
away and her ?'ets." and int? pretty pair'
..Tlie Dinner, and the Nap.'' These
pictures atc w-rihy of a pince in costly
hom's and inexpensive eitoUirll for ?he
.dinplcst.. Helling rapidly, and TAKE ON
SIOIIT. We guitruiiiec i nady sale*, good
protbs. an quick return*. Any ucl ?Vc
person who will take hold can make a
handsome income, dead tor our best
terms at ouco. ?
J. li. FORD & Co..
27 Park Place, New York?.
IZLAR & PIBBLB,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
KO 7, LAW lt A NU 12, ORAKOEUURQ,
(Opposltu M?tbodibt Church.)
GLOVER & GLOVER,
Attorneys itt L a. -yv ?
NO 6, LAW BANUE.
OKANGEliUUU. S. C.
?S HEREBY GIVEN thar application
bas oceti tua de. in accordance willi
lite.statute bi such case made and pro
vided, to the Clerk ot the I .'ou illy for (tie
incorporation ?,f tho Congregational
Church lu Orangehurg.
H. S. DICKSON.
July 10, 48-3
TWENTY GOOD HANDS. TO CUT
GOOD PR ICES--CASH.
J. L. LIVINGSTON.
Wm. M. BIRD & 00.,
niriHlTE?S AM) MAMJFAClDi?ERS OF
Oils, White Leid;
201 Ear?t Bay,
CHARLESTON, So. Ca.
July 17. J9-5
SOOTH CAROLINA RAILROAD, I
CHARLES ION, May 18. 187ft. f
Excursion tickets ro tho follow ins points will
bc on sato from 1st Ju ni: to Int September, amt
g iori to return until first December :
Greenvillo and return' . . IS no
Walhalla nml return .' - * . 10 00
l'eno loton and ret nm * . . 15 oo
Aiutereon and return . . . - 1 '-o
Siinrtanburtr and return . . - 13 00
Stages lonvo UreenvlTloori Tuesdays. Thurs
day* amt Saturdays, at seveu a. m.. for Flat
Kock, Afhevll e and Wurm Springs. N. O.
Staffen tor Glenn Springs and- Cherokee
Soring* viii connect dailr " iili the Sparenburg
un I Union Buitread ut Rkh's Hill aod Spartan
The following oxcarsinri tickets will be on sale
until 1st September, cood to return 1st Novem
White Sulphur Rut-inns and return - 41 10
Long nrunch and return . - u io
Saratoga and return . 48 25
New pott unit return . . 40 s>
Niagara Fulls arid return . ss 8ft
All the above ticke's (except .Whit? Sulphur
Spring*,) pass through through New York either
going or rot ii ruiner. Several roules ure o nv rei I
lo Surutocra and Niagara Kalls, some coetfug-'a'
little more than the above figures.
The only moinino* train out of Charleston for
above polios, making quick ?rao und close con
nection i" by this road.
This is the shortest and most direct route to
the Viighiiu Spring--on ly one nigh! on the way.
Ticketa on m Ici ut Chinlesion Motel und Lino
street depot, where Time Tables and all Infor
minion will be furnished.
July 81-U S. IT. PICKBKS, G. T. A.
.* Complete Pictorial History of the
Times"-.? The best, cheapest,
and most successful Family Pam
per in the Union'
Harper's Week ly.
, Notices oi the Press.
Thu Weekly I- the shiest and most pow
erful illustrated periodical published in
this country. Its editorials are scholarly
and convincing, and carry much weight.
Its ll I UM rations of current events are full
anti froid?, nod are prepared by our best
d?signera. With ? circulation ol 150.000
the W KKK i. Y is read hy at least half a
ni i Ilion pei sons, a iul its bifliieuee as an
organ of opinion is M m ply tremendous.
The WEEKLY undniatus a pn-hive posi
tion, expresse? decided view? oil political
and social problems.-Louisville Chuivr
Its articles* are model? of ld h-tnned
dben-sinn. and its pictorial Ul it ?* rut l?it
ure ofreti corro' ora?Ive arguments of po
small torc* -N- Y Examiner and Chron
Its papers upon existent questions and
its illimitable cartoons help lo mould the
seiitinteiitM of the country.- Pittsburgh
T 12 It \l S x
Postage, free to oil Subscriber* tn th* U H.
UARTKR'S WKKKLT, ono year . . , *4 00.
M/'i* include n prepayment of TJ. 8. postage by
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and Basar, to one address for one year, f lo.oA;
or, lv?ool Harper's Periodicals, tootie for one
year. -7.00: i ostnge tme.
An E .tra<.'o|iy of etti T the Blagniine, Weekly
or nuaar will tie siiupllco grills for evei > Club
of Five Subscribers at* .wench, In one rend?
tance; or, Six Copies for $-?b.o0, without extra
copy postage free.
Uack Numbers can be supplied nt any tim?).
The Annual Volume ol II iruer's Weekly, In
neat cloth binding, will be sent by exprots, no
dfe |,fr>c, for >7.0o each. A complete Set,
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pense of pin chap cr.
Newspapt rs are not to eony this adveriscment
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BROTE mn. A deli CBB
HARPER A nHOTHEHS, ??flW tot?.
''A Repository of Fashion, Pleasure
Notice* o? the Frets.
The BAZAR lo edited with a contribu
tion of tuet and tulent that we seldom
mid in any Journal ; and the journal it
MJItts the organ or the great world ol
The BAZAu commend* itself to every
member of the household-to the child
ren by the d*dlln?.d: pretty pictures, to
the young ladles by its fashlou-plutes lu
endless variety, uv the pu .vide nt matron
by its patterns for the children's clothes,
to paterfamilias by tts tasteful designs for
embroidered slippers and luxurious dress
lug-gowns. But the reading watter of
the Bazar ls uniformly of great excel
lence. Thc paper has acquired a wide
popularity for the fireside enjoy ment lt
alfords.-N. Y. Evening Post.
Postage free to oil Subscribers in the
HARrxit's BAZAB, on? year.f*,rt>
X.oo Includes prepayment of U. 8. pottage by
S-bscriptlons to Harpe*?? Magazine, Weekly,
and Bazni-,10 ono uddresa for one year, -1 .On :
or, two of Harper'a Periodicals, to one address
for one year, SeOO ; postage free.
An Extra Copy ol either the Magazine, Week
ly, or BHZar win be supplied grails for every
Club of Five Subscribers, at M.00 oach, in one
remtttxnee ; or, Six Coplea for ?80.00, without
oxtrn cony : poftngo nee.
Hack Numbera cm bc supplied at any time.
Tho aoven vo'umee ot Hut per V lin zur, for the
year? I86S, ?119. , ?ll, >7?, 'Ti, T4. elegantly
bound hi green i-jorocco cloth, will be sent by
expresa Irelght prepaid, for ?7.00 euch.
Newspaper-- are not to copy thia ndrcrttsc
rncnt without the expresa ordora ot U?HMB *
IIAItPER & BUOTI?E?tS, New York.
CONTINUES to sen bis LIQUORS
and SEGA RS
He keeps on hand and is reciving
daily, frpnh supplies of
And a general supply of merchandise.
OALL BEFORE BUYING.
C. D. KOTJOI1N,
S. ll WILSON. J. T. WILSON.
SAM'L fl. WILSON & BRO.
Wholesale and Retail DVnlers
lill iM&tM&liS ?
306 King Gt., Charleston, S. C.
May 15-t f
T^n. A. C. DUH ICS,
Dealer in all kinds of
Drugs and Medicines.
; r ?ni "" p
Dr Dukes has had Nine Years Experi
ence in Drugs ami Medicines and thorouh
ly understands \-..A business. He keeps
constantly mi a large supply of Goods
usually found in a
First-class Drug Store,
^.Careful attention paid to tho coin
pounding of Prescriptions and all orders
promptly attended to. Call On him at
lils Popular Drug Store.
Orangebnrg. Feb. 13.1875.
T. KOHNft BRO.,
Having removed to their
New Brick Store, are now
better prepared to meet the
wants of their customers
Their elegant stock of
SPRING AND SUMMER
CLOTHING cannot he sur
Call at the old stand.
Theo*?,? goba 4? Bro
A ?> V E ll T I* S E M E N T S.
i w?i open'this morning a lot of tba'
ever offered lu tili? m? rket, con'
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONG?,
And in order to cultivate a trade fer
these flue grade? I will sell them
V E H Y LOW.
. I have also received'this morning another
i car-load ol'
I Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for me from tuc
Finest Seleoted Wheat,
I have never bad a complaint of
this brimd of flour:
Inferior KEROSENE OIL ls so dan
gerous and so many accidents h tve oc
curred from its usc, I have been liid'???d,
at the repeated solicitation of my custo
mers, tb purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their use. I have just receive ten
PURE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 124 fire test. I will sell this Pure
Oil cheaper than the same grade of Oil
can be sold at lu tin* city. Familie? use
ing this OH are safe. The UPC of the
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
is equivalent to bringing into tho family
destruction and death !
I hate also received :
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Hams,
?0 Boxes Cream Cheese, direct from
25 Fi rid na Goshen Butter, direct from
the Dairy, which baa all the
freshness and flavor cf the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
IO But reis of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sucho Lagaayra Coffee > equal to
50 Sacka of assorted Rio, by last Rio
With a full supply of
Fresh ant J ?ol.
My stock ls full, with prices low and
I good times coming.
Thanking the publie for their *ery Hb
erat patronage, anti soliciting Its contin
uance, I will do my best to merit the
Columbia, So; Cs?