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THE rnj-c m i I2EN
ORANCEBURG, S. C.
S. A. WEBSTER, - - - Editor.
A. WEBSTER, FUBLISUKR.
ONE COPY, ONE YEAR, - - - $2.00
Invariably tn Advance.
An?! I will como near to you to Judgement; anti
1 will bo n swift witness nguinst thu son.er
era, ?nil nguinst the adulterers, unit against
false' swearers, ami against those Hitit op
prose tho hireling In his wages, the willow
anti the fatherless, ami that turn lisitlo the
stranger froru, his right, and lear not me,
.BUIUI tho Loiuof Hosts.-MALACHI, III, 5.
Wo aro not responsible for tho views of our
Advertisements to bc inserted in the CITIZEN
rnnst bc received by "Jhursday evening.
Advertisements inserted at One Hollar per
Inch, for the first insertion. Further terms can
. nehndou application to tho Editor or Publisher.
Communications on matters of State or Locnl
interest, respectfully solicited.
All orders for Job Printing left at this office
will receive prompt attention.
Agents and Correspondents wanted in till
.Towns of the County.
SATURDAY, OCT. 2, 1875.
It'?s an undeniable fact" that the
Republican'party'of this State during
the administration of Scott and
Moses had become fearfully corrupt,
and exaggerated accounts of the ill
success of the party in this State was
beginning to react upon the national
RepublicanT party. The pledge of
reform, with which the party solicited
thc support of thc people of this
State in the last campaign have been
faithfully fulfilled and translated into
actions in a manner calculated to
strengthen the Republican party.
The.trial and .verdict against Parker
and the recent conviction of Senator
Walker show conclusively that fraud
and corruption is not exempt from
merited punishment, though thc laws
are adrofcaisfcerecV by Republican olli
.eials and the guilty persons bf groat
party and personal influence, lt
shows that there is honesty enough
left in the party lo bring about re
form in its own ranks. The Union
Herald says in reference to this
It will bo seen by reference to our
local column ?that i>- E. Walker,
Senator of Chester county, and Ilenrr
Blake. School Commissi-^ prflhe
--jj >?'ill -'.I ..i k.iiO (iClllll'll
tiary yesterday, for conspirncyTo de
fraud-the ?Senator io r* one "year and
the Commissioner for linee months.
This execution of the law is just and
proper, but will our carping eolcm
poraries be fair enough, in noticing
.his item of "State news" to add
tfcftt'thcy were tried' in^Republican
county, by a jury of whom eleven
were like the prisoners-colored
and a Judge who is no faint-hearted
, Republican ?who hus been even term
ed a partisan? This flavors of true
reform^in the administration of the
The following is an extract from
an article in the National Monitor.,
and is worthy the thoughtful perusal
of every colored man : _^
"If they would be %fihite\ they havo
only to seize unon. the acquirements
of the white mon with thc hand of
industry, and, then do as white men
do. When the race shall have done
this, it will find no occasion to be i
concerned about its color. Tho Jaw J
Of equal rights gives'the black man
the sanie right to object .to the 'white
man's color that it gives to the white
man to object to tile black man's,
But how) much disposition has the
black man to raise such a foolish ob
jection in the* face of the God he pro
, 'fesses to serve ? Just so much dis
* position, and no more, will the white
man have to object to the col?V of lher|
black man when! in ftte lligence,
wealth and piety the black man be
comes what besought.to be.
The Neto?(ind'Courier is authority
for the following paragraph^ "Great
preparations are making for thc State
fair in Columbia, in November. The
buildings are being whitewashed and
the ground iclcared of weeds." Mr.
Jefferson Davis will be invited to de
liver the address, and Gen. Colquitt,
Of Georgia, is to* be asked to lec
Tho Secretary of tho Interior Re
Tbe followingletter from thc Presi
dent of thc United Stales acknow
ledges the letter of resignation of
Secretary Delano, which was written
and sent to thc President on July 5. j
Thc letter of Mr. Delano recounts
his services as Commissioner of Jn- ?
tcrnal Revenue and as Secretary of
thc Interior, all of which arc approved ]
and endorsed by thc President. Thc
following is thc President's reply :
LONG BKANCII, Sept. 22, 1875.
DEAR Sin: Your letter of the 5th '
of July, tendering your resignation '
of thc otlicc of Secretary of thc lu- i
tcrior, was duly received, and has (
been held by mc until this time with
out action, because of thc continued 1
persecution which I believed and bc- '
lieve was being heaped upon you <
through thc public press. I only now
take action because thc time is rap
idly approaching when thc Secretary
of thc Interior will have to com
mence his labors preparatory to ren- 1
dering his annual report to accom
pany thc executive message to Con- j
gross. I, therefore, accept your resig
nation, to take effect on thc first day '
of October, leaving little more than
two months from thc induction of
your successor until thc assembling I
of Congres-:. In accepting your |
resignation, I nm not unmindful of (
thc fact that about the time of thc j
meeting of Congress, one year ago,
you stated to mc that you felt thc nc- 1
ccssity of retiring from the Cabinet, <
and asked whether I would prefer <
your resignation, so as to have your .
successor confirmed by thc Senate at. *
the last session, or whether I would
prefer it in vacation. My answer
was, that I preferred not having it at
all. That was my feeling at the
time ; and I now believe that you
have tilled every public trust coniided
to you with ability and integrity. 1
sincerely trust that thc future will
place you right in thc estimation of
thc public, and that you will continue
to enjoy its confidence as you have
dorm through so many years of ofli
cial life. With continued respect
and friendship, I subscribe myself,
very truly, your obedient servant,
U. S. CHANT.
Hon. C. C. Delano, Secretary ol* the
The Great Robbers. j
Thc distillers and brewers, il is
said, have been cheating the govern
ment largely in the matter of 1
Very likely! It was to be c/Pc<:ica>j
if opportunity offered. Th?ir whole
business was-a slupcndo;*a fraud audi
crime. The robbin- l,ie Poven'
ment is om >f the>,cnsL?f lh(iU' ol .
fences. For 'J'-'ollar ?????>' ^cof
thc goverr-'lt!"> Uley take at least
tcn-frc?> lllc P??Ple? tmtl mostly from
mose least able to lose it. There arc
I ' the country more than a
hundred thousand men in abject pov
erty, who, but for these wrong-doers,
would be in circumstances of com
fort. Their dilapidated houses, their
tattered garments, their hungry chil
dren, testify to the great wrong in
flicted upon them. But this is not
all. They have been robbed not only
of their money; but largely of their
ability to acquire more. With their
money went their health. Tens of
thousands are annually sent to a pre
mature grave, while others arc left to
carry about a little longer an unburied
carcass. And with money and health
went reputation. Once these men
had a good name among their neigh
bors-some of them, indeed, a world
wide reputation. Now their presence
creates a loathing, and with all
classes their name is cast out ns evil.
And still thc work goes on. Moncj' -
and health and reputation might bc
spared, if only character were left.
But these great robbers filch not these
-alone. They seize what is infinitely
more precious-they rob their victims
of their manhood, of their intelli
gence, integrity and affection : and
having despoiled them of all these .
theif jirecirfus'tilings, they leave their i
naroo to rot and their memory to
perish. > . " . 1
If one of tho ends of government i
is to protect thc. people, is not here a i
proper occasion for its interposition/ I
While tilling the country with its se- ?
crct police and detectives to ferret i
out thc robberies upon its treasury, i
might nofc ?be general government j
with great propriety institute some i
investigations into this great wrong 1
inflicted uponYlie people? This Con-*' i
gress was urged to do at its last ses- i
sion, by numerously-signed petitions, '<
but declined toTlo it. And why? ii
did not say. But an answer, per- 1
haps uncharitable, will suggest" itself.
Tho government shares in tho pinn- I
der; ' By this great ^niquity* it re- :
plcnishe^ its treasury* It ip vono ofp;
? . - ? S
its most fruitful sources ol revenue.
O, shaine !
Should this be longer tolerated?
With thc closing of the Qrsl century
of the nation's history, should not
thi|l great scandal cease f ls il not
Lime for thc people to demand invest
igation? .Should not thc next Con
gress be Hooded with petitions in .'
ing upon investigation, and thal tho
government cease lo be parliceps
sriminis in this wholesale robbery
and murder ol' thc people ':
And yet, why investigate? Who
is not familiar with thc wrong ; W!.<.
:?u not know thc guilty parties r Why 1
not rather have a second Declaration
af Independence? With the Begin- '
tiing of thc second century of the na- '
Lion's history, why not tin ow o !' the .
chains ol' this degrading servitude ?
ls there not virtue and manhood
enough among tho people lo put down
Ibis Spirit Fiend ? Or must AVC bow '
our necks still lower while he binds
his yoke still faster upon us? Thc
great political parties recognize iii.
power hasten to do him homage.
O, my countrymen, is there no de
liverance? Is our fair heritage tobe '
laid waste yet more and moro bj this 1
[bill demon? Can wc-will we en- '
lure it? Are we craven iii ?pirit?
Have wc no love of country-of hu
manity? Or has love of gi in eaten
j ur manhood ? Or devotion to party
extinguished it? Surely it is tri ic lo
iwakc and assert our liberty, or say
o our oppressors, " Ride over m."
Western C/uijlinn Adv?cate.
Praise the Children.
For every child who receives au
excess of praise or commendation ;
from its parents, there are loj^ at
least, who are oftentimes tliotwht.
lessly, but none thc less sclfishlyjand
cruelly, defrauded of that \vhicjx is ,
duo them in this respect. Childi en
love praise-they crave it, and rwill
do much to win il. ||
But, mother, when your little KV1'!
has put her whole baby heart tint .
some liul^ oillec she is st :
perform for von : when she has Peen
unusually sweet-tempered and i^-'0'' ;
through^?4 th-e trying day, AvM*nei
approving if urns in inc "ii itreropii gcr'j
ear; IcU her in encouraging itasca
-on thc tip of evcr\' mother's i
tongue-what a treasure she is.
Su. h praise will bot be wasted' As;
summer's dew upon tho -oses, words
like these will fall upon the childi
hem . making if richer willi Hags ant:
incense of duty and love. ,
I'-./....., if your boy lias iearned i
his lessons rigiit well ; if Ilse df.il*'
tasks he is set to do have been ].< r
formoil more thoroughly and fnilh
fully than usual; if in little wa}.- he
bal been more thoughtful of your
comfbS. than is his won;, no icc
these things. Is'ot silently, but hy
word of mouth, generously and (or
dially approving bis conduct. Lei ?
him feel that his endeavors are fully
appreciated, that no good or noble
action on his part passes by you un
noticed. Thus will voa incite in him
a desire to merit always your appro
bation, and the resolve to make, him
self more worthy each ?ny of such a
Withhold not praise from youri
children wlifjti they claim iL is their |'
right. Used wisely, it is a healthy I
stimulant that cannot injure, but, on ;
thc contrary, is productive ol results \\
good and lasting. I
See, in the hurry and worry of Hie ?
Hying days that you forget it not, lust k
there be, through jour forgetfulness,
small heart-aches now, and great
Tm? "MODERATE DRINKER.-A JO- j <
called moderate drinker wa* once!;
very angry with a friend who claimed ?
Lhat safety is alone in totally fib- \
staining from thc usc of ardent spir- '
ts, and who allowed his fanatical jip- ?
Lions to insinuate that thc uiotlerate ?
Irinker himself might then be k?.yo?$
self-control. "To make plain the'.'
[jucstion who is wrong," said thc tem- l
poru?ee man, '?will you just quit, one :
month, not thouc??ing a drop dur'mg t
Lho time?" Said thc other : "To Bat-: 1
isfy your mind, 8ir>,I will With pica-1!
sure, though I know, myself; I will
ilo ns you ask, to euro your over- '<
wrought ideas." He kept tho promise. <
but at thc end of Uic month bc came j i
to his friend with, tears in his cyiadl
and thanked him for saving him from I
a drunkard's grave. Saul he, " IU
never knew before thatjl was in aif^
sense a slave to drink, but thc past
month has been the fiercest battle ot'
my life. I see now I was almost bc-,
youd hope, and bad the test come
many months later, it would have
been too late for mc. But I have
kept thc pledge, and, by God's help,
I will keep it for life." Moderate
drinker, just try it for ono year, and
see how near you are to tho rapids,
beyond which there is no returning.
Under this head thc National Bap
tist deals out these very plain words :
"Everybody wants to show oil'. The
slerk willi ?000 a year wants to emu
late his employer with SCO,000 a
year. Thc minister with Sl.?OO, Ha
lde to cease at thc will of death or of
thc deacons, wants to live as if he had
a solid income of live times as much,
or, rather, thc parish wish it of him.
A young man dare not invile a young
lady to go anywhere unless he is pre
pared to lavish on her all sorts of
Illings, (piitc beyond Iiis means. Thc
matron will not invite, a friend to
take a quiet cup of tea; there must
lie all sorts of fandangoes, to bc pur
chased with money, or on credit.
"If one is honest, then he robs
himself of necessaries to squander
thc more on vanities. Tho father
and mother rob themselves of rest, j
food and of thc comfort which comes
from a deposit in thc savings bank,
in order that thc daughter may dress
far beyond their means. But, alas ! I
lien thc moral fabric gives way.
The merchant, the clerk, thc teller,
lhe cashier, the banker, must live up
to a certain point, no matter who suf
fers. Hence comes "borrowing" thc
money ol' thc firm, or of the deposit
ors, for stock gambling, in thc hope
of being rich. Th ! default, shame,
ruin. If the frog tries to bc as big
aa the ox, something is bound to give
ua}'-either body, or brain, or con
Be Your Own Rigid Hand Man.
People who have been bolstered up
all their lives arc seldom good for
anything in a crisis. When misfor
tune conics? they look around for
somebody lo cling to or lean upon.
If thc prop is not there, down they
go. Once down, they are as helpless
as a capsized turtle, and they cannot
find their feet again without assist
n?H?c. buch persons no moro resem
ble men who h < ve fought their way
to position, making difficulties their
stepping-stones, ?uni deriving deter
mination from their defeat, than
vincs,^ resemble oaks, or spluttering
rush-lights the stars of heaven. Ef
forts persisted into achievements
train a mau to self-reliance ; and
when lu has proved to the world that
ho can trust himself, thc world will
trust him. One of the best lessons a
fatffcr can give his sop is this : Work ;
strengthen your '.nora! and mental
faculties as you would .strengthen
your -muscles by vigorous exercise.
Learn io conquer circumstances ; you
arc then independent of fortune. The
men of athletic minds, who left their
mark on thc years in which they
lived, were all trained in a rough
school. They did not-mount to their
high position by thc leap of leverage ;
they leaped thc chasm, grappled with
ihe opposing rocks, avoided ava
lanches, and when thc goal was
reached, felt that, but for thc toil that
bad strengthened them as they
strove, it could never have been
GENTLENESS or. CHARACTER.-One
)f the cally Christian teachers, who
was boin with a violent temper, be
came a tnodcl of gentleness aa he
On one occasion'he was assailed
willi a torrent o? most furious words.
Thc good teacher looked at the pas
ional., man who thus addressed him
with a tranquil eye, and did not reply
'vy. a single word. The furious man,
it ill more enraged, spoke moro bit
.iii-ly than before.
When Ihn fellow had at last retired,
lie Christian was asked how he could
cecp silence under such provocation,
"?fyHoiigHO and I hnvo ma^e a
-ompa?t, and wo have agreed that
Wllll? hlV lion*? t- i.-ll c ? . ?. ...
" ?f ;.x'l*,u',, ral1 Ul nub ?ceiing
ny tongue shall not say a? word,
^opld,I tench this poor ignorant man
oetter how^ to govern and' restrain
f??Wf.than by holding ray tongue ;
d would Iii* rago^have been sooner
. . . A . *
appeased lidd L_nol 'i(-pt silence?
Ought we not to have compassion on
an unfortunate person who is Carried
away by bi.- passion ?"
A Little Pleasure.
How to make country life socially
helpful and pleasant in winter is a
timely question now. Nothing can
well show a much wider contrast than
thc present activities in large towns,
compared willi life as it goes on in
isolated rural places. Wc think the
plan which has been adopted b}r some
of thc Oranges, to organize a little
pleasure in the midst of business, a
very sensible one. Innocent recrea
tion can hardly have better auspices
than these otic red, and if something
looking toward culture and mental
entertainment should bc added, thc
result would bc still further fruitful ol'
good. To our mind, there is nothing
equal lo a well ai ranged debating
club or reading circle; and where a
paper is eil i lcd and read weekly, the
interest excited is usually as edifying
as it is salutary. There is hardly
any country district which cannot be
helped in Ibis way, and it only wants
one or two energetic spirits who shall
take thc bruni of thc battle lo make
any one or all of tho suggested plans
All do not know that lemons
sprinkled with loaf sugar almost
completely allays feverish thirst.
They arc invaluable in thc sick room.
Invalids all'ccted with feverishness
can safely consume two or three
lemons a day. A lemon or two thus
taken at tea time is recommended as
an entire substitute for thc ordinary
supper of summer, and will often in
duce a comfortable sleep throughout
thc night and give a good appetite |
Mechanical. Association, ;
Wi J.r. UK HEM) AT Ti lE TOWN OK
j.Oi?o.ri!0p"fe> i ii?g S- C.1.: !
.j"*At the I'air Ci rounds ol' the Asso
j ImrHon, beginning
Tuesday. October 26th.,
AND CLOS INO
Friday, October 29th,
27te JVCWUMM List Jins been nearly
Doubled ds to NUMBER
Ari ide!) can be entered till 2'ues
day Evening, and be alloivcd to
corn pe tc. J3?l
?Ul Mm. ?-11. ?. -i MJ
Q u ?J r\ wwmi?Jm ui
WILL TAKE BLACK ON WEDNES
DAY, THE 27TII.
JL. (;AME OF
ON THURSDAY, THIS 28TH, FOR
THE CHAMPIONSHIP OP THE
COUNTY. O UJIER AMUSE
MENTS WILL TAKE
PLACE EVERY DAY
OP THE FAIR.
The Annual Address
Will bo delivered on TULJISDAV,
the 28tb, by COLONEL 1). WYATT
AIKEN, Master of State Orange.
Every accommodation possible
will bc provided for bpth Exhibitors
Arrangements . have been made with
the South Carolina Kailroad for tho
transportation of all Freights for the
Pairnl ONE BATE BOTH WAYS, and
EXCURSION TICKE'l'S will bc quid to
visitors during the week.
For further particulars see Premium
?List, or address any member of the
Board of Dircctojp, at Orangeburg, S.
C., or the Secretary ami Treasurer.
Du. WM. F. BARTON, JL'UESIDENT.
LAURENCE IC. BECKWITH, ESQ.
SAMUEL DIBBLE, ESQ.
CAPT. F. II. W. BRIGGMANN. '
CAPT. MOBFAN J. KELLER.
* ORAN B. BILLY, Eso.
JLVRPIN RIGGS, E?<?. .
Secretary and Tr?asuror ;
KIRK ROBINSON, ESQ.
Bids for tho Refreshment Stands and
Tables will be received until Tuesday,
October ?th. The same will, bo handed
to the Secretary and Treasurer.
Sept. 13th, 1875, G-5
A P V E R 'LJt S E M E IS T S.
Q.UAN? OPENING I
I will open this morning n iot of 'he
ever offered in this market, co si
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONG S j
And in order to cultivate a trade ."<.>r
these linc grades I will sell them
V E K Y LOW,
I have also received tins morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made espec?alo
for nie from thc
X^ine?t Selected Wheal.,
I have never had a complaint o
this brand of flour.
IMPORTANT N?TIGE I
Inferior KEROSENE OIL hY so dan*
g?rons and so many accidents haye oe
curred from its use, 1 have been induced,
at the repeated solicitation of my custo
mers, to purchase rt supply pf pun
for their inc. i have just reeeife
PUKE WHITE KEKOSEl
0/ 124 lire test. I will t?ll tula F
Oil cheaper Hum ike same grath) oV
can bc ?old at in thU city. ETamilioa i
lng this Oil are safe. Tho lise of
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
is equivalent to bringing into thc family
destruction and death !'
1 have also recui'vod';:
10 Tierces v?CSh Cured Davis-' Hair. ,
10 Poxes Cream Chceoe, direct from
* the Daily,.
2? Firkins Goshen Butter, direct from
the Dairy, which hii3 all Um
freshness and ilavor of tho flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-tffec .'
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sacks Laguayra Coffee, equal to
?tT Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio
With a>full supply of
Erosh iii 3 ) ) I.
My stock ls foll, with prices low and
good i nnes coming.
Thanking tho public for their very llb
er?l? patronage, and .soliciting Us contin
uance, i will do my best to merit th?
. Columbia, SO. 00a.