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The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, October 09, 1875, Image 1

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TTIZEN.
A. WEBSTER, Editor and Proprietor.
" T?:LTJME I.
A Weekly Paper Devoted to Temperance, Literature and Politics.
0RANGEBURG, SOUTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1875.
NUMBER 32.
Tili: (il I.F STD ICM.
llt'Vttnf itt lim In Toxi?? Wlnil :iml ??':?,lor
-?.':.l\?"?lon nt Hiv *il?**rf*ji ol' lite .Son
tl il,.? ol .SlI'l-olH I. ; > i< i ?V-tolO ill tile lOllll Of
III?* I'ol ol I'liiocl-?Un?? : iciii.i i?.I mill lil
li rt-i i |<| i HUN 4'ai'i'it'it 1*1*11111 Tlit'ii' lunn
Oaf iou*. Itlir.Tlnu I'nrl.i Unman ItrtuifN
in I Iii" ?'onciiil ICnin.
NowOrlciiu-i S|HVI:I1 In ('hi<-ni;n Timen.
Knill) passengers who arri ved from Gal
veston to-night tlu? most harrowing ac
counts of tito clarets nf the cyclone were
gathered, ns ii is estimated that some for
ty live? were lust ami near i2*?i* houses
were swept away hy thc Hood, which cov
ered the city for fully two days, besides
others made untenantable by the losing
of* their foundations hy the water. The
scene between the hours of 12, mid
night, oh Thursihiv, und I o'clock on
Friday morning, witnessed
TliK Mi 1ST I'liAllFlM. SCKNKS
in thc island city, the events occurring
then hoing of thc most thrilling and
heart-rending character, houses being un
dermined and sent with their inmutes
whirling tlmmgh the streets, some lodg
ing mu? others I icing turned over in their
progress to bury ulive tin- inmates in tho
debris ur drown them as they attempted
to escape. Nut until 7 o'clock Friday
morning, did the wind change to the
south and drive the water fruin the city,
the fall being almost as rapid as had been
the rise, and at >S (relock scarcely any
water was left in tlie streets, boats in thc
meantime being used, and busily plying
between the suburbs and the heart ol'the
city
KKMOVINti WOMKN A N P ('111 I.DU KN
lo places ol' safety, the greatest alarm ex
isting, as (lie waves during the night
swept with immense force from thc mill'
to tho bay. Scarcely had quiet bi en re
stored, with tho disappearance of the wa
ter, when the wind shifted, and increasing
in force gradually won- around to the
southwest, again sending the Water
through the city fruin the west end, and
by 8 ??'clock in the afternoon the strand
and bay front, which bul a few hours be
fore were nearly dry, became covered
with waler to the second floor, covering
tho wharves, thc wind blowing at forty
huies an hour, and sending the water up
with immense turee, and
A (?A IN I* OOni Nil KVKUYTHINfi.
'fhe sturm continued until nightfall,
when the wind went down, and the
wilt? . .'ell as suddenly its it rose, leaving
innumerable wrecks of churches, houses,
barns, and leaving many ships and slnnps
high and dry in thc streets of the city,
or lipon the beach, and damaging the
stock nf gnnds in sume of die Store** tu a
large extent, bul tn what exact amount
.could .notbe ascertained up to Saturday
morning, when the steamship Mary left
thc harbor. At that time the stores
?vere closed, thc merchants and citizens
generally assembling to devise ways for
the immediate
itKi.iKK OK TIM: DESTITUTK
in the way ol' fond, shelter, etc.. hun
dreds of them being without humes or
anything to cat. The Howard associa
tion was also being organized, but even
with its tull force they would hardly ho
able tn meet thc wants of the distressed,
who numbered at least five hundred.
Every house in the city, cast of Saith
street, from A street to the (iltlf, was
wrecked or damaged to such an extent
that they were untenantable.
Till*. KA ll,KOA li 111(11 Ki KS,
it seems, were badly damaged, some
stating that it would require a week in
repairing them, while others were equally
ns confident thai ii would require two
weeks to repair thc new Santa Ke
bridge, and a mitch longer time to re
place the Houston bridge. The city
bridges were entirely swept away, some
of them being carried severa! miles fruin
their original location. Not :i tree, not
a shrub, is left standing upon the island,
the scene presenting, as the .Mary left
the harbor.
A IIA II lt KN WASTK,
not unlike a desert, excepting that the
standing houses gave :i token of life.
The steamship Mary started front her
wharf at liai veston on Wednesday morn
ing while the wind was blowing a gale,
?ind evidently it was thc intention of
the ('alveston agent to semi her to lira
shear, but knowing it pe? ileus to put to
sea during such a storm, Capt. Henson
concluded to go no further than the
buy, and, after getting a safe distance
from the dh wa rf, let go both anchors, his
udginont forbidding hint from proceed
ing further, notwithstanding thc, ns
your reporter learned, "imperativo
order" lo go to sea. Had he done so,
the boat willi al! un board would doubt
less have been lost, as she could not have
withstoi ul
.nu: TintitiniiK (?ru* SKAS
that prevailed all (hat night. About
one o'clock on Friday morning, when
thc gale raged the fiercest and the seas
dashing over the boat, and when noth
ing could be seen a boat's length dis
tant, t!te I'nglish bark Mary Mel lowell,
a three mast vessel and thc largest tn
thc harbor, was driven against thc
steamship Mary, evett while thc former
had ber anchor mit.
Houston S|Mfi:il to New Yi>rk lleriilil.
The following dispatch was sent by a
special reporter, who pushed through to
the city mi a schooner, lt is the first re
liable news from (lalveston since the
storm began: "I reached here about,
five o'clock thi- evening < I Kl bl, coming
over in u schooner from Virginia Point.
The city show:- 1ml little signs of thc
storm. ' In the business part ol I he town
the wharves are safe and sound, and tho
streets show but little sign of the lorty
cight hours' inundation.
TIM: LOSS OK I.II r.
A grout many houses wi re unrooted,
und a great nu inlier of shade lives were
blown down. Thc water has subsided af
this time, except what may bc standing
"?in tue low places. The destructioii ot
life in tuc city wits small, lt cannot he
truly estimated yet, but uni more than ::
?lo/oh lives have boon lost. A woman
vas crushed by Ibo Palling of her hon-.-.
Dr. Peet? city physician, was lust :it
thc quarantine station, together with his
grandson, Willie lllunt. Ile moved his
lamily into the city and then went back
to the station, which was destroyed.
Sixty men at work on the breakwater
were cut oil' from tile city.
A xix K MILK inti rr.
All were saved but four. One of these.
Pal rick Lnmhigau, drifted lo Virginia
Point on a plank (niue miles)and struck
the Santa IV bridge and hung to it.
Three vessels in port dragged their an
chors. One of them Is known tb he safe.
Thc safe vessel is thc Memory, sui l'.ng
lish brigantine. The steamer Diana
weathered thc storm nobly.
< Inc of thc dredge boats fm ni Ked fish
ison thc prairie hoar Virginia l'oint.
Two schooners drove through the < ?al
veston railroad bridge and their crews
were lost.
Seven house- wen- destroyed ?lt Vir
ginia Point.
The stnrin was the fiercest ever known
here by any citizen.
A number of wrecks are reported on
the island coast, but nothing definite is
known concerning t hem.
Matrimonial Kcnimmy.
Dr. Lorenz Von Stein, one ot" the mos!
eminent of the Austrian political econo
mists, has recently made sonic admirable
suggestions ?ti a lecture to thc (?crinan
students in that city upon " woman in
the sphere of nat ional economy " which
?ire worthy of re-production in discussing
this important question, although his sta
tistical theories are somewhat at variance
? with American practice and American
management of thc household finances.
Von Stein divides thc entire family in
come into two distinct parts. Thc li rsl,
which depends entirely ll pun husilioss and
capital, belongs to thc husband. Thc
second part, which pertains to household
I economy, he subdivides into six paris.
Four of these, including that piirt of thc
income ttl be devoted to thc dwelling, lin
standing wants, such as dress, light, lire
and servants, thc expense of sickness,
death, insurance and recreation, and ?1
certain sum set apart as the family sav
ings-box for the subsequent benefit ol
the children, are to bc under the i mine'
(Hate jurisdiction of husband and witt
together. The wife alone has the sob
charge of thc other two parts, which in
clude the tinily and weekly expenses o
housekeeping. Nc thereupon demand!
tllilt the wife, who thus has charge o
one-third of thc life-economy and an eulin
jurisdiction in thc other two-thirds, slial
make thc closest possible estimates of al
items ol' expense and of the prices an<
quantities of commodities. Upon thi?
point and its importance he says: " lt i:
more important that girls should khov
how much a family with an income o
1,200 or 2,400 dorins should spend Ol
Hour and meat, turnips ami sugar, that
how much nitrogen and oxygen enter inti
their composition-most important lb
them to know how much it costs to fcc?
a lamp during a winter, and how mud
clothing and washing t he household needs
or how much fuel is required to cook Iii
live |>ersoiis. Willi lins supervision ove
thc expenses under her charge, the wif
is to have the care of the house and sc
that all things are in order and notion:
is wasted or lost."
There is a vast deal of wisdom am
sound philosophy in Dr. Von .Stein'ssui!
gesf ?ons. and t hey arc liol ?tl toge I her with
out a sentimental hearing. They have
very evident hearing upon connubial ha j
pi ness, since good and economical house
keeping can make a happy home and hat
housekeeping cannot, lt would pro bald;
astound any person, even thc most ol
servant, to know how much business th
divorce courts have done which has grow
out of dirty rooms, ill-cooked meals, III
wisc provision bf commodities, had huj
big, waste of money, etc. (.'arelcssno?
and improvidence have been the In
steps in tin-ruin of manya family, whil
prudence, economy and thrift arc vcr
sure to cement more closely the bonds .
mutual love ill thc family. As \'o
Stein says: "The frugal wife in her nen
dress at breakfast, who sends her htishan
to his business with good spirits, has mo:
hold on him. year in and year out, ilia
the spendthrift pleasure-seeker who tri?
to charm him in thc evening hy her sill
and jewels."
A Pol ni for Postal-Card Senders.
Thc postal laws prohibit any writ ii
upon a newspaper or wrapper sent 1
mail, unless prepaid with letter posing
and restricts thc writing on postal can
to thc back (d' thc same. A single wo]
is considered to be a violation ol' thc
regulations, and papers which ove
alivi?os people la.!".-! "one paper" on tl
wrapper, to Indicate the exact conten
thereof, arc pretty sure to never rem
their destination. The other dav
(?Iiicago finn received a postal card, !
which six cents additional postage?
i'htirgedrtbec?iuse on thc lower Iel! Inn
coiner of the lac- was written "Senti 1
i Wi." The jins Umist er general was ;
pealed to. and seiil the following:
"< ont lernen : In answer to your i
qtllry, I have lo state thal liv a ruling
this department anything whatever, e
eept an address, written or printed up
thc side of thc postal card intended |
I the address, renders such card limitai
hie, and thc same can liol he legally f<
I warded, unies.-, prepaid al lh< letter rs
-three cents, lint if, hy iliad vertan
it reaches its destination without sn
prepayment, it is chargeable, with don
the let ter rates, under the provisions
section l-'ii', portal laws, edition of ls
In accordance with thc said ruling, 1
card submitted was rendered subject
letter postage hy the writing inc date
j the -ide d< signed for tho address, ?
i having been forwarded wildon' the j
J payment of such |M?slagc,i( Ix-camc lia
i 1.1 double the letter rates-six cents.''
Funeral Hiles of nu A fr i cnn nf Hank.
A correspondent ul' the London Times
?rives, the following vivid description ol
tlie seenes which attend the death ol' a
.. eahoeeer," or man ol' rank, in Ash antee:
Well, immediately alter demise, the
hody ol' a eahoeeer i> washed, anointed j
with sweet oils and grease, and sptitiklcd ;
with gold-dust. The oils ami grease
cause tin- gold-dust to stick to the corpse,
which being black, throws oil' the bright
color of the gold to perfection. The
heard is trimmed into knots, and upon i
each knot are tied small heads of glass I
and thin particles ol' gold. lite Ashall- ?
tees, you perceive, are as dainty in the
decoration of the heads of their dead as
the Assyrian dandies were ol' their own
when living. In cloth of costly silk
emhroidcrcd damask, or in velvet
or in other rich garments, the
hoily is dressed and ornamented with
armlets and necklaces of gold ami silver.
Very of ten pure lu ni ps of un wrought nug
gets of gold, bored through and through,
are strung upon a piece of hempen >tring
and twisted round ila- forearms in the
form ol' bracelets. Thusgavly bedizened
and performed and cleansed the body is
placed upon a chair in sitting attitude,
or is shown recumbent upon a heil,
trimmed with gaudy drapery. Winn
this combined rite of purification and
garniture has been completed the rela
tions assemble and begin to dame and
sing. While the relations and friends
are making merry a fetishinaii, or priest.
i> led -lowly into the festive throng, and
the female slaves of tin- dead eahoeeer
arc brought before him. After the utter
ance nf various incantations he pretends
that tin- fetish has denoted, liv means ot
his ?)(cd?;ttinn, a certain slave for election
to follow her master to the next world ;
hut I need uni he a much trouble to
suggest to vim that the members of the
family always decide beforehand anning
themselves which unfortunate wretch
-hall accompany the deceased clue!', be
ing chosen, ami by thc choice condemned
lo die. the .-lave is stripped naked.
Around her neck a wisp ol' hay is wound
and her anns are rudely pinioned with a
rope ol' straw. She is now roughly
dragged a second time to the presence of
the let Uliman, who recommends her, inf a
speech of blasphemous rhodomoiitades
and rhetorical parade, to serve her
master dutifully through the mazes of
the unknown sphere to which he has
been su m moued on a journey. During
the delivery ol' the portentous exhorta
tion he ls busily employed in daubing a
white-colored earth over the face of the
weepihg slave : and w hen thc admonitory
harangue has been exhausted he strikes
her severely with his open palm upon
either cheek. I n benighted zeal the Com
pany snatch up the sacerdotal euc They
Strive to rival one another in repeating
the assault with the harshest violence,
and in dealing the keenest pain on her
mule and trembling person.
the executioners, moreover, are blessed
and the congregated hand ol' cahoccers
manifest their profound respect hy raising
the foot of each executioner with both
hands and by rubbing the sole upon the
crown ol' their heads. The natives of the
(?ala coast have a loose conception of a
state of purgatory dr prohat ion. and en
tertain the ?dca that tile soul of the dead
wander.-unrest i ugly for many yearsnho. i
the world, and rei pl i res a servant for the
performance of menial duties in his long
and ceaseless wanderings. I lenee conies
the custom ol' killim.' a slave al the death
of a eahoeeer, lora eahoeeer may not draw
waler, nor how wood, nor cook loud.
Ilaving been removed by dint of cull's
or manual force from the sight of the fe
tishiuan, the slave is hurried to a wooden
box, into which tile carcass of the eaho
eeer will eventually he squeezed. Along
the lid of the box the slave i< stretched
upon her stomach, ami her feet ami head
are grasped hy two executioners, so that
her struggles may lie subject to control.
A friend ol'the dead eahoeeer approaches
thc prostrate creature and slashes her
with a sword just below the right shoul
der-blade. Catching thc blond thal Hows
from the wound, he smears the box.
When a silllicieney ol' blood has been
drawn for this purpose she is lifted from
the lui. and is reviled, st ruck and covered
with spittle by the bystanders. All the
while she utter- the loudest and most
grievous lamentations; and the louder
and more grievous they are, the more ac
eeptahle do the torturers deem the sacri
ficial gratuity to the dead eahoeeer. She
if then driven to the spot where sin- is to
be slain. When the hoad has been cut
oil' thc heart is plucked out through an
opening ill lin- back. A n executioner re
ceives tlii- head with yells and frantic
-'ams ol' joy. am! runs with it through the
town. Savagely ami furiously he tosses
ii to the ground and kicks it like a hall
before him. snatches it up in his Hight,
spit- upon it, llings it into the air. catches
it in its descent, or, permitting it to drop
heavily, kick- it again ami again. The
doily is never buried, but is spurned aside
lo be eaten h\ wild beasts or vullines.
Mon lo (?row Mushrooms.
Mushrooms may be cultivated simply
hy laking manure from the stable in
small heaps, as little broken as possible,
ami laying them about three inches thick
mi a hot bcd made of alt?rnale layeis ol
tanner - hark and liorsc-dllllg, thc upper
most layer consisting of filmer's bark
about two inches thick, ( over the bed
then with a lilt lc mannie and about three
inches of good -oil. and over all a thick
coat of straw. The manure containing
the geno- may be known by the appear
ance nf white threads running through
'.he lit t le heaps, and these lu mp-on break
ing will give forth a mushroom smell.
Tho shed Pichi nd a hot-hon.-c or -table or
lt cdW-huil-c i- good place l ira mush
moni he?', ns tm light is required, hut
indy warmth and moisture. Calcareous
earth ol'any kind will greatly help.the
I production of mushroom*. In Paris
j there ?ire extensive underground mush
I nunn gardens, several ?d' thc proprietors
I of some nf thc I* renell mush room farms
I having many miles ?it mushroom beds,
cultivated entirely hy lamp light. In
all moist climates they ought lo he pro
duced sn groat abundance ami variety,
(teing rich in nitrogen and phosphorus,
ami constituting, as old Krasni tl s Ilarwill
said, .. an isthmus between the two grout
continents of nature, the vegetable ami
animal kingdoms," they supply a whole
some, dol'oioiis, ami nutritive food, ami
Would limply repay the trouble of culti
vating.- ??ural jVrw Yorker.
Women ?\t Fairs.
The agricultural fair is abroad again,
ami the mumal reports ami premium
lists will soon lill tin* papers. There is
Untiling much drier intrinsically than a
premium list to a non-exhibitor, hut
nevertheless it has its value in the social
history of the time. We have heen
struck in particular by th?' character of
the articles in which women sire en
couraged toconuH'te, ami we think those
ar! ?? les are peculiarly significant of tho
toil exacted from the sex ami the cul
ture commended to them. Although
tnesc fairs are called agricultural, we
are glad to see that they are also largely
domestic and becoming more and more
so. In no ease do we value the compe
tition and rivalry aroused so much as
the direction ami attention of the mind
towani improvement
There aro always premiums on hinter
itMil cheese anil usually on bread, and
perhaps ?m pickles and preserves and a
few other staph s of housewifely produc
tion. This is very profit'r, and our only
suggestion is that the com|tctition is not
carried far.enough and with proper dis
crimination. We noticed, the other day,
a prom i ll lil granted lor "thc liest one
hundred dipped candles," when in this
air?; of cheap kerosene and dear tallow,
"dipped candles" must he a toilsome
?up] expensive 1 uNnrv. We can not hut
entertain a feeling ot indignation also at
the encouragement ?d' ehiborati hed
quilts and other products of the needle
in which the amount < ' ?altor involved
set ms quite disproportionate td the use
and beauty extracted. The American
fa.in-wil'e is generally a hard-worked
ju .xiii, and we believe that there : re
nure restful diversions than in slaving
he/ elf to trilles of this sort. We ?lo
?a? mean io frown mi the adornment of
tin liouse amt the person, hut taste
tc:.eh"s simplicity. The cn' n'etition
sholl id he turned into other channels
li lio. The clothing of the family, ami
pirtieulary of th?- children, how much
m;y he learned ami wived from a judi
en us comparison in this direction'.' In
si io rt every branch of woman's effort in
th?- exhibition community should IK" re
presented, hut with a view to the en
couragement of thc useful, the tasteful,
th. lahor-.-aving, the healthful, rather
than the merely curious, the prodigi
ouslv toilsome, or the soomlv iinjHissi
hh.*
A suggestive field ol' exhibition is
that of "female accomplishments," in
which arc usually awarded "one dollar,"
or "two dollars" for a few indifferent
paintings in oil or erayonings. This is
a relic ol tlie New England ten?ale cul
ture, which llourished most violently
lihout twenty years ago, and which ii
fortunately is not yet extinct. We sliii
have to acknowledge our gratitude all
the chromos for this, among ot to
things, that they have aided in the ex
tinction ol' the passion for "painting,
live dollars extra," which used to he a
conspicuous feature of girls' education.
The chromos are better pictures than
the girls can paint, can he had for less
than thc cost ol' material, and don't
waste any time. Of course there are
some excuses for it ; it was woman's
?'rude ellort tit adorn the hare old farm
houses, and she toiled religiously at it,
heaven bless her, unconscious that she
was daubing. lt was no worse than
multiplying wicked tucks ad infinitum
?ni the sewing machine, ami the great
sin is that while they are painting and
tucking they are growing np empty
headed, arni without the knowledge
which would sustain life when it pressed
hard.
There ar?' other accomplishments not
so exhibitiible hut better worth while.
A familiarity with F.nglish literature
will adorn the house more even than
ehr?.mos and lillies, though these have
their plaies. We have been struck hy
the good sense of a Vermont grange
which hllK' ottered ami just awarded
premiums for the lu st Dower gardens. -
a wise encouragement to a healthy out
door art. 'I'he first prize was awarded
to a lady who had raised ninety varie
tic- of geraniums ami soine very choice
Howers, this in one of the remote hill
town-. From horticulture the step i
easy lo liol.iny. and ?o to a whole elliss
of acc omplishments which ure really en
dirging to the soul, recreativo and loni?
to the winde he'mg. Of course it almos
goes without saying that fairs, as coil
corns women, should he in the hands o
wollun. Sprhvifietd UrpubUran,
\ roTTox press ol extraordinary j?ow?
has just heen pul up in Charleston,"
C. lt is so ensily controlled that at ?m
stroke a pre-ur?'.""of 1200 tons can h
drought to hear upon a OOO pound hal
of cotton, compressing lo a width ?
-even and a hall inch? -, and at thc nex
stroke a hickory nut. held between th
platt? ns can he ernked without htirtin
the linger.- of the ladder.
Fnortissoit Tin: maintains hi- repu ti
linn as the gnat American weat he
pptphct. Ile predicted for i-'eptentho
ingorilic waves ami voilent I em pest s fl
the sen. Facts.sustain tho I'rofcifsor.
Liszt's [Maying
< hie lady Of rank, at whose house I
Liszt was spending thc evening eomniit
toil (lie extreme indiscretion ol* asking
him tn ??lay, a violation id* all rules of et
??juette ii moil}; great musical artists. Ile
had lieen eiiehantiiig her guests with his
divine music in the earlier part ot* tho
evening; ami had just come in from sup
per, when she preferred her request.
'? Madame, fat mannt Iris /na," was his
answer (''Madame, 1 have eaten very lit
tle,"), and, with this implication of hav
ing played out the worth ?if his supper
lie left the house. His contradictory ele
ments only prove him to he what he is at
the piano-half-demon, half-angel. If his
mood happens to he a gloomy one. hi>lin
gers My ahout as if he had a demoniac
imp at tia- end of each one. Iiis playV
ing heeoines almost infernal in its wild
passionate power, and he looks furtively
at his audience with a malicious expres
sion of delight and triumph, watching the
efleel he produces. Tlii- is his demon side.
At oilier times he will play with tin- deep
est pathos, touching the keys so care
lessly, so tenderly, soweepingly, that I've
seen men listen with tears running down
their cheeks. And yet. when he rises
from the piano, not ?1 sound is heard.
He is too irreal to he applauded. I li" does
not need it. Ile merely walks quietly
away from the instrument, waiting until
some one recovers hroath or self-posses
sion enough to speak, and then perhaps
the first break in the silence will he a
long deep-drawn sigh, and " I low grand! "
spoken in an undertone of awe. Liszt .
knows his own power well-none helter '
-and makes no conceal inen t of hi- opin- '
ion. 1 have heard that upon one occas- J
sion a holy asked him whom he thought .
the greatest living pianist this was
many ycarsago- -and he answered prompt
ly, " ThaMicrg." " Hut," she said' aston- j
?shed. " do you consider him superior in
yourself ?" And his answer was most r
L'oiiimeiidahle in its engaging frankness: Jl
. .Madame. I had no idea you made any
delcin e to me. I stand too high io he
?om pa red to ordinary pianists."
Hooks.
Tlie following passage from f?regory
Sanatison is the 1110.M extraordinary
peciineii ol' rhetorical power wc are ac
|iiaiiited withal. 1:
'lom Moore in his flowery essay on thc k
?reek Fathers, which appeared in the a
Cd in hurg Ucvicw, called it a most in- ?1
pired piece of declamation, infinitely t
u per io r lo anything of the same kind f
11 the whole ranjxe of Knglish literature, li
ts effect is not spoiled in translation, a
l is worthy ol" popularization. .loe n
trenail, the leading writer of the old n
sew (?ricans Ilcha-a young Irish exile,
!S years of age, a genius, a poet, an ora- t
or. a brilliant prose writer, endowed J'
nth the greatest conversai ional powers,
nd a hrave mu! gallant gentleman, ren- c
lend this piece into Knglish. Poor s
henan died in |S"?7 in New Orleans, the t
itv of his adoption winn- he hoeame t
anions. He nevi r stoic any man's
noney, nor any man's thoughts. Had
ie lived a few years longer In- would '
lave hecouie renowned all over our j
omit rv. He rests in peace, out >>\' the s
liriuoil ami villainies of our modern j
ociety. in New Orleans, iii an ohscure .
omer of the old Catholic S.t. Louis ,
'oinetery. We often visit the grave of j
he inspired poet, and always leave it
vi til the consolation that lew wf the
iviin: amongst us can. when their last
lotir comes, sleep so soundly as our dear
loe Krellall.
'l'he following is his translation:
A hook is not a mere collection of
Manuscripts, Ivoitnd in vellum, and orna
neiited hy cunning hands, which amuses
or a moment and passes away, ll is a
lower an longs t men, which rules them,
(ither like a tyrant or a merciful king,
iurrendcring its sceptre after no tempo
rary reign, hilt renewing it> prerogatives
from year lo year forever.
When Horace lovingly warned his lit
?le hook against its inevitiihle fate, and
in-dieted for it the th u ni lungs of greasy
.itizens or foolish school-hoys, he little
hough! that he was addressing ti pilgrim
>f eternity, charged with a divine mission
if wisdom ami pleasure, which should
?case only when all thc sons of man bc
?omeas generous as .Muecnas and as gifted
is l-'laeclls.
When Ihnner chanted his great lyric
it the leasts ni* tile hospitahle (? reeks, the
mel (o poietns) was unconscious that his
. traills would assume form and symmetry,
ind, eoileeted in one mighty hook hy a
relierons sovereign, liecoin? an heirloom
if ago. until each of its hu ruing thoughts
hot through the veins of humanity like
irrows of empyrean lire.
Who know- hut that these winged
voids (ejica/'ir/nenia) 1 inscriheil upon
his parchment to-day may reappear
minngst reader- and students after many
-entliries, and claim kindled and com
lauinnship with later ami more gifted
1 cache rsoft hegospel. Who knows hu I I oat
1 fortunate sentence, springing suddenly
from my pen. may contain a -ced nf im
mortality, which should burgeon and
blossom into.i IHIIIIKIICSS forest of thought
umler which innumerable generations
might n elim- in dream lu I repose. I
scatter (bis seed broadcast; if harren,
let it rut ; if fruit ful. Iel il grow.
The factory women of I'ngliind have
inaugurated a movement in favor of the
appointment ot' female overseers in facto
ries, and against legislativ* restrictions
upon the Inlier of women. They he
lleve they can. hy their own e?lbrts,
obtain heiter hour.-, as men have done,
without the interference nf parliament. .
Tlli.iti: are 1,700,000 baptist's in tin
I fui ted Slal?->. RIK) only 2fi0;000 in T'ng
land. Virginia alone has as inanj it.
Maim-, New Ilanipshire, V'^mont* and
Massachusetts put toire.her. The ilenom
iiiation is very popiilar with negroes.
A CALIFORNIAN'S MCXIXICKXCE.
One of thc California princes was casu
ally strolling with his wife through Tif
fany's jewelry cstablisninent. The wife
culled lier husband's attention to a fate
opal that was not yet set. It was taken
out of the case, and thc value-$7,000
was named ns the juice. It was pur
chased in London, and had belonged lo
Kugenic's collection. The lady said it
would make a handsome brooch set with
diamonds. His attention was attracted
by something else, and she passed en.
lier husband then conferred with the
elerk as to tile beauty of a necklace and
curings in addition to the brooch. The
elerk was authorized to draw a design for
an entire set of opals and diamonds! The
design when submitted was accepted, and
the wife received a surprise present from
her husband of the finest set of opals and
diamonds in the country. The cost was
a mere trifle-$27,000.* It WHS a slight
addition to the collection she already
possessed of a large set of diamonds
which were too valuable for her to bring
with her to Saratoga. She, however,
felt no risk in wearing emeralds and din.
monds that excited the envy of those
whose chief delight consists in thc dis
play (d' gems that cannot he rivalled.
11er coral set cost a thousand dollars, and
there were other sets as valuable. She is
handsome, and her laces ?md emeralds
were tln> astonishment of congress hall
bal l-r< M ?m.-Hartford Times.
Cl j KA Tl X < ; AX IX X ( )( : ISN'T OI -I ) M A X. -
One dav last mouth, when trade wits
lull, a Vicksburg grocery clerk procured
i piece of sole-leather from a shoemaker,
tainted it black, and laid it aside for fu
tir? use. Within a few days an old chap
'nun back in the country came in and
liq ii i red fora plug of. chewing tobacco.
The piece of sole-leather was tied up,
?aid for, and the purchaser started for
ionic. At the end of the sixth day he
( turned, looking downcast and dejected,
md walking into the store he inquired of
he clerk :
"'Member that tcrbackori got here thc
?tiler day?"
"Yes."
" Well, was that a new brand?"
" No-same old brand."
'. Kegular plug terbackcr, wal t?"
-Yes.'' X %%
"Well, then, it's me; it's rig herein
ny jaws," Badly replied the . y "I
mowed 1 was gittin purty old, l JI was
lins handy oh bitin plug. I ne v ir seed
?ling afore this one thlltT couldn't tear
o pieces at one chew. I fot-myjeeth on , .
t) tins one, and hit and pulled and twisted
ikea dog at a root,.and .I've kcpfAtjtS^*i?~>^-t
nd pulling for six diivspihd there she am
lbw, the same as the'day vou sold her to
ne!"
"Seems to be good plug," remarked
he clerk, as he smelled of the counter
eit.
'. She's all right ; it's me. that's failing!"
xclainied the old man. "Pass mc out
onie line-cut, and I'll go home and deed
he farm to the boys, and git ready for
he grave."- Vicksburg JleralG?
How NITRO-GLYCERINE is MADE.
Nitro-glycerine is made hythe action
f nitric acid upon glycerine at a low
em pera tu re. 'lit? process consists es
cn tia! ly in the slow mixture of glycer
in- with the acid, everything being
lacked in ice throughout the operation,
md then in washing the nitro-glycerine
rom thc excess of acid with water.
During the iiroeesa irritating fumes arc
riven oil" in large quantities. (Thc work
nen resemble skeletons, they are so un
leah hy.) When it is at last washed and
cady "for use. nitro-glycerine is an oily
?quid, having a specific gravity of 1.0.
.'reshly made it is creamy white and
ipaque. After prolonged contact with
he atmosphere, it clears and becomes ti
ra asparen t amber color. It has a sweet
minuit ic taste, and produces tl violent
leadiichc if placed upon the tongue, or
.ven allowed to touch the skin, though
the workmen and miners who are con
stantly using it soon get rid of this. At
:?'.i to 4(1 degs. Fahrenheit it freezes to ?I
white crvstaline mass. When frozen it
ran not lie bred, and it is only safe dur
ing transportation when frozen.
FLOATIXO.-Men arc drowned by rais
ing their arms above water, the unbuoyod
iveight of which depresses the head,
tither animals have neither motion or
ihility to act in a similar manner, and
therefore swim naturally. When a man
falls into deep water, bc will rise to tho
mrfnee, and will continue there if he
loes not elevate his hands. If he moves
lis hands under water, in any way lie
?leases, his head will rise so high as to
rive him free liberty to breathe; and if
ic will use his legs, as in the act of walk
ing tor rather walking up stairs), his
'boulders will rise above the water, so
that he may use the less exertion with
his hands, or apply them to other ptir
Itoses. These plain directions are recom
mended to the recollection of those who
liavi not learned to swim in their youth,
as they may be lound highly advantage
ous in many cases.
SARATOGA KXTRAVAOANCE.<- How
much is there spent on dress in a season
at Saratoga? It would be a curious puz
zle to solve. At a rough guess at least
.jun,(Kio people visit this village every
year. Two-thirds of these are women,or
say, at a round ligure, (50,0(10. Thc aver
age number <>(' Jr?sses-.ind for conveni
ence >ake. we'll leave out such trifles ns
bonnets, gloves, peucils, etc.,-bought hy
each ol' these G(),000 fair ones may bo
safely set down at ten, ?ind of those one
half' are 'certainly new. Two hundred
dollars for an average Saratoga dress isa
pretty low computation; but let it pass
-let'us bc generous, and not swell their
husband's bills to more than they already
arc. Thal would give us $1,000 spent
bv each fair visitor, and, as a total, tho
round s,,nl Of $?fi,000,000. How ninny
schools and hospitals could lie founded
with this amount?-Cor. St. Louis Jtte
puiXimn*

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