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THE FREE CITIZEN
OR AN CEBU RC, S. C.
E.A. WEBSTER - - - Editor.
OXB COPY, ONK YEAH, - - - $2.00
Inva ria Wy iii Advance.
Ami I wilt Come near to von t? jinljrcnicnt; und
I will bo ii swift witness ngninet tho sorcer
er tt, nm! against the adulterers, ami again*!
fctisc swearers, ami against those tina op
press Hie hireling in lils wages, thu widow
?nfl Ure fatherless, ami that turn aside the
dimiiKcr t'roai his right, timi t'ottr not mu,
?Kith tho Loni ol' Hosts.- -M AI,A,'in, 111, o.
Weare not responsible for thc views cf our
Corros po ruli'nts.
Advertisements to he inserted in the CITIZEN
must he received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted nt Ono Dollar per
Inch, for Hie tlrst insertion. Further terms can
bu had on application to thc Editor or Publishes.
Communient ions on matters nf Stale or Local
irrest, respectfully solicited.
XII orders for Job Printing left at this office
wUl rocclvo prompt attention.
Agents ?nil Correspondents wanted in all
?Towns of tho County.
SATURDAY, OCT. 1G, 1875.
The Tenure of Offioe of the Circuit
The Netvs and Courier has raised
an important question in reference to
the term of office of Judges elected
to fill out the unexpired terms of
their predecessors. Judee Carpenter
was elected December, 1872 ; Judge
Cooke Januar j', 1873 ; Judge Reed
December, 1874, and Judge Shaw
Jamiery, 1875-all elected to Oil va
cancies caused by death or resigna
tion of office, and for the unexpired
term of those whom they succeeded.
By the constitution the circuit
judges .<.:?. elected for the term of
faur yeats, and it is claimed these
judgesJiold office for four years from
ti a . ??te of Uieir election. The News
; m advance?. m support of
?s kjfj?1'1"';: :i?K/.< -ii -tate j
iapWtne Cvur>-. whick-declares that
? W&nJ clectJifH la io lill a vacancy, no
, nattier, bow arising ;" that 'Hue pt:r-"i
^"^?'sonielected io lill a vacancy 'does
'not succeed to the unexpired por
. ?tinn nf t h? tern* of his predecessor,'
'?jut >] ls by a determinate tenure
prescribed by the Constitution;"
.ad aatter how the office
.beeon int, the party elected
"to suoceed to it is not ia as the mere j,
"locvrn- tenen*. only suppiyiug tue I.
"term of the person who last pre-/
We have taken pains to get the
opinion of our local lawyers on this
subject, and find them almost unan
imous in the support of this position.
Messrs. Glover & Glover referred
us to the following cases establishing
the tenure of office in South Carolina,
determined in tho Constitutional
Court of this State, by L\ J. McCord,
State vs. Jeter.-r-.T-Ue tenure by
which an office is held does not de
pend upon the commission which the
Governor may think proper to give
It is only evidence of the appoint
ment. The tenure must depend upon
the provisions of the act creating the
office, or upon the Constitution.-1
State vs. Ephraim Lyles-A person
olected Ordinary under the act of
1812, which limits the duration of
office to four years, is in under the
Constitution, and is entitled to hold ||
his office during good behavior, al
though commisionud only for four
years.--1 McCord, 238.
State., vs. W. M. Unison.-Ordina
ries, by the third article of the Con
stitution of this State, are judicial
Officers, and hold their office during
good behavior ; and when ibo Gov
ernor, under the act of 1815, ap
pointed*.**] ordinary to fill a vacancy,
although the act authorizes him only
to make a temporary appointment
UDtU an election shall take place, yet
Hie ordinary being in office, he is io
linder the Constitution, and uold du
rjpg good behavior.-1 McCord, 2?0.
State, VB,. Thomas Mcclintock.
By the Constitution the Sheriffs hold
their offices ' for the term of four
years;} and when the Governor,, under
the act of, 1808, appointed a sheriff
to. fflla* vacancy until an election
^hould fake place, such sheriff, being
|n office is in under the Constitution,
apd holds his office for four years.
1 McCord ?io.
MISPLACED CONFIDENCE.-Mr. P.'
M. Hullo, ol' Graham's Station, S.
C., don't "read the papers," aud
while traveling from, his home on
Monday towards Augusta on the
South Carolina Railroad, considered
it a favor when a newsboy introduced
him to GeorgcClark, an oily-tougued
confidence man. The gentleman from
the pine wilds of Orangeburg county
became fascinated with his new ac
quaintance, and alter a stroll around
ibo streets, they proceeded to a hotel
selected by Clark. The pair retired
to bed about IO P. M., and two hours
after Hullo awoke to the realizing
sense of being a loser to the extent ol
5213 in money and $70 worth in jew
elry, which Clarie had abstracted
from under his head. Thc police
were notified, but Clark, better known
lo them as Hendricks Clark, had
made good bis escape to South Caro
lina, via Hamburg.-Augusta Consti
A person was once walking with a
farmer through a beautiful field when
lie happened to sec a tall thistle on
the other side of the fence. In a
second, over the fence he jumped, and
and cut it otf close to. the ground.
"Is that your field ?" asked his com
panion. "O, no !" said the farmer,
'.bad weeds do not care much for
fences, and it I should leave that
thistle to blossom in my neighbor's
field I should soon have a plenty of
Evil weeds in yours neighbor's field
will scatter seeds of evil in your own,
therefore, every weed pulled up in
your neighbor's field is a dangerous
enemy driven of! from your own, No
one liveth or dietb to himself. All
are linked together..
Sages of old contended that no sin
was ever committed whose conscquen
ccs rested on the head of sinner alone ;
that no man could do ill and his fell
ows not suffer. They illustrated it
titila " A vessel ?ailinyr from Joppa
carried a passenger, who beneath his,
berth,cul ali?le through tho ship's
side. When thc men of tho walch
expostulated with him/'Whatdoes't
ihoui 0, miserable man?' the offender j
camly replied, 'What matters it tu
you ? The hole I have made lies under
my own berth.' "
This ancient parable is worlhy of
the utmost consideration. No man
perishes alone in his iniquity ; no man
..an guess the full consequences of his
Wno CAN COUNT THE STAUS?-Did
on ever try to count the stars? 1
sed to try lodoso myself, butsome
ow I always fell asleq) before I
ould get through, and when I woke
p I could not tell where I loft off.
am told, though, that it has been
one, and that there are only about
ight thousand visible to the naked
ye. Don't they make a great show
or a number no larger than that ? But
be Raven tells me that his master,
he Astronomer, says that those we
ian see with our eyes alone are but
i very trifle compared with the number
,hat he can see through bis telescope.
[Ie says, instance, that there are eigh
een million ot stars in the Milky Way.
Now it's of no use ! can't even think
>f such a number as that. My head
ia n't big enough to hold them.
'Juck-in-the Pufpit."St. Nicholas for
Posthumous fame is a plant of
lardy growth, for our body must be
,1K! seed of it ; or we may liken it to
i torch, which nothing but the last
ipark of life can light up ; or we may
:orapare it to the trumpet of the arch
ingel, for it is blown over the dead :
mt unlike that awful blast, it is of
larth not of heaven, and can neither
ouse nor raise us.
Fear debilitates and lowers, but
lope animates and revives ; there
ore rullers and magistrates should
tttempt to operate on thc minds of
-heir respective subjects, if possible,
">y reward rather than punishment.
And tids principle will be strcngthed
tiy another consideration ; he that is
punished or rewarded, while he falls
jr rises in tho estimation of others,
cannot fail to do so likewise in his
Tho martyrs to. vice, far exceed
tne martyrs to virla?, both in endu
rance and number. So blinded are
we by our passions, that we suffer
more to bc damned than to bc saved.
ONL Y B
50,000 Challenge !
CREAT LONDON CIRCUS,
S?NGERS1 ENGLISH MENAGER '
OF TRAINED ANIMALS,
IRQUOIS INDIAN TROUPE,
Owns and daily exhibits the
Only Group of Five Pi
foaming Elephants in
MANDRIE, SULTAN and VICTORIA.
All performing in the ring nt the same t'
the lil Oft wonderful feats ever ween, just ns
resented on billa, programme, cte. Trail I
and performed by i'rof. Craven.
HOWES' G ll EAT LCNDON CTRCl s.
-Owns and only exhibiu the
ONLY GROUP OF FIVE ROYAL
In the world anil pei formed in thc ring .it i
time. Trained and performed l'y Herr siti.'
HOWES' GREAT LONDON CIRCUS, j
Owns nnd dally exhibits the ONLY GKOC!- . i
Six Fierce AFRICAN HYENAS in the world.?,
Trained and subdued by the African Cannai) il j
Moniana, und are daily exhibited in tho publie |
streets accompanied hy their keeper in an ??; 'ii
iron-clad deo, during the Triumphal Stree* l'a
That Howes' Great London Circus, Etc..
i>;,: ow II " ' "** exhibits th*? onlv
TUREE U.M. i UO) G lil:Ni
r IGE its
.??-.... .?.).., >i ai, nfM i. ?ui ...... in Amin
4'hat Howes' Grent London Circus, etc.,
etc.. own? and daily exhibit*, FllEE in thc ,
Iii; streets of each city or place of exhil'. ->.
seven of the largest iiiost costly and in . i I
cently constructed Triumphal Golden Chai
of India, or Cur of Juggernaut Thc Cha.-: i
Commer?a, tho Car of Euterpe, the Chariot ii
thu .Sun, thc Celestial Chariot, the Leger' ia '
Dragon Chariot and the Clnderilta Chariot t%n 1 !
make the most Gorgeous Display, while II ll i
(?rand E|IKB-ZOOIO JlippodrOUlativ Trio pliai'
Street Pageant ever been.
That II/IWEB' GSKAT LONDON CIUCO OW
and daily exhibits the only i'oloquaiue in A III
That at HOWES' GltEAT LONDON C: ICU
MU?. Cordelia, the Equestrian Phenonietm
tho age)--''Kneen of thc Arena" will pi -
appear at each performance.
That S?ngers' English Menagerie of Tri
Amitnala, exhibition in connection will Hoi
Great London Circus, has thu best col! .. t >. . . ?'.
Living Wild Aniiuald ever exhibited l I
the Ohio rivur. -
Thnt Howes' Great London eirena has t lo .
best Zoological Lecturer, (I'rof. Ell
from H. B. M. Zoological Garden?,Lom . .
Thr.t the proprietors of Ho.ves* great ?. u<,n !
Circus has imported into thu Culled i-'.-itv.'
Elephants tliuu any other concern ie un
$0,000 CHALLENGI :
That Howes' Great London Cirrus, .' . . w:ns .
and exhibits daily in the public street! -Jiu'
only African zebra? ever seen in h '. nc? ur
(Unary shows have these animals
thin company they are used and li tn Ui'o
hame ab liurscs. -
85,000 CHALLENGE '.
That Howes' Great London Circa-, i' i v is
and exIUbi's daily in His public stree) only
Jorusnleni Hookey a nnd A by ?iniau ts
been in harnesb /ii America.
That Howes' Great London Circus, Ar . . .
nnd exhibits daily Ui? only Threo ll mitt VA ?
<Ioostan Bull aver imported into tie Fiiiledi
lj?i?5O,O0?> Chall?n fcxft
That Howe?' Grent London Cirons, iu"-i..
special Features, ns advcrtlHed nnd iii Jv -.\
In bi ted by this couipauv, aro to 1-- t-cir. ;. u<
other concern ?n America.
That Howes' Gront London Circus, .vi . Strafft
ers' English Menagerie of Trained .\oio?ii>
and thc Inpiols Indian Troupe, han lim ' <?'?
gencrnl outtlt in Chariots. Cugei, Vii? Uni
mnls, Horses, l'en les Mules, Asees. b?nbRjia,
Wardrobe, l'arcphniinlia. Ilote! E^IUrrtion,
cooking,alo ping and atti hie tents-if au/ '.-MI IV
trian oi zoological combination U? Am-jcir.u
810,000 CHALLEN G P.
Tliat. Howes' Great London Circus,?c
nnd runs 42 rnilroad curs, viz: W Hat .
palace horse ears, i clephnnt i > M I tir?, \ ?"?..
curs, L Dngguge cur 2 palace alee ping > ATS,
pallico passenger car; thia being ii..- grenier
number by far than hy any Circus, Mfeuagi ri"
Etc., lp. Ajnericn. -
8lf0,000 CHALLEN CT.;
That UJC proprietors of Howe*' Uroflt London
Giralia, Ac., have nm pl o menn/ to rpspoud to
any aud all part'es wishing to .wccpl .my ouu
or all of Ibu above chullcni;u*.
SHOW EYE? SOUTH,
1 DN USD AY, OCTOBER '27, 1875.
NO EQUAL-NO RIVAL.
THE EVIATHAN COMING
LA ri JEST SHOW UPON EARTH-Hippodrome, Eenogerie, Circus,
Howes' Great London Circus,
G Xl E O I A. IS H I X* X? O X> Xi O ?X E,
Sa ugers' English Menagerie of Trained Animals
AND IRQU0IS INDIAN TEOLTPE
IN THE WORLD.
l0!if,.nViU'ii?aStf:-.,nore mRn ftml horses- ",ore curiosities, than any aombihntion
NONE BUT ITSELF CAN BE ITS PARALLEL.
Every Feature Advertised Truly Exhibited. Every Nation of thc Globe Rep
resented. The Whole World as Contributors.
ONLv ONE TICKET required for ALI?.
More performing Animals than any other ten Menageries in the Workl.
THE ONLY ZEBRAS EVER SEEN IN HARNESS.
Specialties of our great feature: Seven Massive Gold Chariots. 2 Roman War
Chariots, Roman Charioteers. Fearless Cavaliers escorting Grecian Beauties.
Elegant costumes adorning shapely huhes. Elephant Coursing. Hurdle Racing.
Indian Gaines. Foot-Racing. Etc. We. use our own racetrack. Read our $250,000
Challenge. Four acres of Exhibition Tents. Has no equal-no rival. The peo
ple and press vouch for it,
SPECIAL U. S. DETECTIVE FORCE.
This is thc only Company in America that bas a special Detective Force for the
protection of its patrons front impositions. No give away schemes. No gamb
ling of any kind or nature, and no Intoxicating liquors allowed on our exhibition
grounds under any pretense whatever.
ADMISSION-USUAL Places.1200 Reserved Cushioned Scats
Doors open at. 1 and 7 o'clock P. M. For full particulars see Pictorials, Pro
grammes, and our Illustrated Pictorial, the Advance Agent.
ADV E H T I S E M E NTS.
?j_RASU OPENING I
I will open this morning a let of the
ever offered In this market, co si
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
And in order to cultivate a trade for
these Hue grades I will sell them
"V E Xt Y LOW.
have also received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for me from the
ITiucwt Selected Wkent,
I haye never had a eoaaplnint of
this brand of flour.
IXPORTANT NOTIC? !
Inferior KEfO;;??<fc OtL ls so dan
gerous and se rv ?ur ae< ?'onie have ee
curred from its ) hate been iadused,
at t)te repeated aolicitatioa of my cuito
mers, to pure'. -?. ?uv-I j of pure Oil
PTJEE WHITS SEBOSEA B
Of 134 fire test. I will sell late Fore
Oil cheaper thaa ?he same grade ef Oil
can be sold at ia this city. Familie? ase-.
lng this Oil are safe. The use of the
common Oils now
FLOODING THJB MARKET
is equivalent to bringing into the family,
destruction and death !
1 have also received:
10 TierccB Fresh Cured Davis' Hams,
10 Boxes Cream Cheese, direct from
25 Firkins Goshen Butter, direct from
the Dairy, winch has all the
freshness and flavor of the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cure*
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sacks Laguajra Coffee, equal ta
50 Sacks of assorted Rio. bj last Bio
With a full suppl j of
F resh xiii a >> I.
My stock is full, with, prices 10* *Ba
good times coming*
Thanking the reefer their rery llb
?ral patron?** ******* it. conti?
T ,irill do my best tp merit the
lance, I wm MV J
Columbia, So? O*.