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THE FREE CITIZEN.
OR A NC CSU RC, 8. C.
JS. A. WJSB?J?EH, - - - Editor.
OKB Corr, ONK YEA.UJ - - - $2.00
JneariaWy tit Advance.
Azul I wilt como nen. to you to Judgement; nnd
I will bo a swift witness against tho sorcer
er?, nnd against thc ndulteren-, and againnt
feil KC swearer*, mid against those thnt op
press ino hireling In his wages, tho willow
anti Ure fatherless, and that turn aside ihe
."tranter from his right, and fear not mu,
saith, tho Loni of Hosts.-MALACHI, 111, G.
We aro not responsible for tho views of our
Advertisements to he insertad in thc CITIZEN
must bc received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements Inserted nt One Dollar per
Inch, for the first insertion. Further terms can
bo had. on application to tho Editor or Publishes;.
Communications on mnttor* of State or Local
interest, respectfully solicited.
XII orders for Job Printing left at this office
will receive prompt attention.
Agottts and Correspondents wanted in all j
-Towns of tbo Countr.
SATURDAY, OCT. 16, 1875.
Tho Tenure of Offioe of the Circuit |
The News and Courier has raised
an important question in reference to
the term of office of Judges elected
lo fill out the unexpired terms of
their predecessors. Judge Carpenter
was elected December, 1872; Judge
Cooke January, 1873; Judge Reed
December, 1874, and Judge Shaw
Januery, 187?-all elected to fill va
cancies caused by death or resigna
tion of office, and for the unexpired
term of those whom they succeeded.
By tba ?-institution the circuit
judges ure elected for the term of
tour years, and it is claimed these
judges hold office for four years from
the tijp of their election. The News
J!f ' advances, tn support of
!<8 jjwptioN, the decision of the .Stale
??opjpbe .Cwtrt win e li declares that
-...^fttj^y ^cfi'?'n ls"to fill a vacaticy, no
nntleif how arising ;" that "Mho per
".on-elected to fill a vacancy '<i-.>ca
"not succeed to the unexpired por
tion of the tero* of his predecessor,'
?but uolds by a? determinate tenure
-'prescribed by the Constitution;"
?ul that k'iio matter bow the office
.beeonTos vacant, the party elected
"to ssoeeed tc it is ?ot in aa tho mere
l-iu&uno ??ncito, on>y supplying thc
"term of the person who last pre
We have token pains to get the
opinion of our local lawyers on this
subject, and find them almost unan
imous io the support of this position.
Meanra. Glover & Glover referred
us to the following cases establishing
the tenure of office in South Carolina,
determined in tho Constitutional
Court of this -State, by D. J. McCord,
Stale vs. Jeter.-'The tenure by
-which an office is held does not de
pend upon the commission which the
Governor may think proper to give.
lt ls only evidence of the appoint
ment. The tenure must depend upon
the provisions of the act creating the
office, or upon the Constitution.-1
State us. Ephraim Lyles-A person
elected Ordinary under the act of
1812, which limits the duration of
office to four years, is in under tho
Constitution, and is entitled to hold
his office during good behavior, al
though commisioned only for four
years.-1 McCord, 238.
State^ va. W. M. Jlxdaon.-Ordina
ries, by the third artiolo of the Con
stitution of this ?statc, are judicial
officers, and hold their office during
good befeavior ; and when the Gov
ernor,: under the act of 1815, ap
pointed* m ordinary to fill a vacancy,
although the act authorizes him only
to make a temporary appointment
Ksti? an ejection shall take place, yet
tfce ordinary being in office, he is in
under tba Constitution, and hold du
xjpg good- behavior.-1 McCord, 240.
fi?at?, V8,. Tilomas Mcclintock.
By the Constitution the Sheriffs hold
their offices'/01" the term of four
year*} ?nd when the Governor,, under
the act of, 1808, appointed a eheriff
to ^S?W vacancy untU an election
^honWakejiace, such shsriff, being
in ?fflwis in mader the Constitution,
and holde his office for four years -
I McCord 0.
MISPLACED CONFIDENCE.-Mr. y.
M. Hullo, of Graham's Station, S.
C., don't "read tue papers," anti
while traveling from, his home or
Monday towards Augusta on th?
South Carolina Railroad, consid?r?e
it a favor when a newsboy introducei
him to GeorgeClark, an oily-touguet
confidence man. The gentleman, fron
the pine wilds of Orangeburg eountj
became fascinated with his new ac
quaintance, and after a stroll arouni
the streets, they proceeded to a bote
selected by Clark. The pair retiree
to bed about IO P. M^ and two bonn
after Hutto awoke to the realizing
sense of being a loser to the extent ol
$213 in money and $7? worth in jew
elry, which Clark had abstracted
from under his head. The police
were notified, but Clark, better known
to them as Hendricks Clark, bad
made good his escape to South Caro
j lina, via Hamburg.-Augusta Consti
A person was once walking with a
farmer through a beautiful field when
he happened to see a tall thistle on
the other side of the fence. In a
second, over the fence he jumped, and
and cut it off close, tio. the ground.
"Ie that your field?" asked his com
panion. "O, no 1" said the farmer,
:4-bad weeds do not care much for
fences, and it I should leave that
thistle to blossom in my neighbor's
field I should soon have a plenty of
Evil weeds in yours neighbor's field
will scatter seed3 of evil in your own,
therefore, every weed pulled up in
your neighbor's field is a dangerous
enemy driven ofl from your own, No
one liveth or dieth to himself. All
are Hoked together?.
Sages of old contended that no sin
was ever committed whose consequen
ces rested on, the hea l of sinner .-.lone ;
that no man could do ill and his fell
ows not suffer. They illustrated it
thus "A vessel sailing from Joppa
carried a passenger, who beneath hu-,
berth, cut a hole through the ship's
side. When the men of the vvalch
expostulated with him,"*Wnat does't
thou, O, miserable man ?' the offender
camly replied, 'What matters it to
you ? The hole I have made lies under
my own berth.' "
This ancient parable is worthy of
the utmost consideration. No man
perishes alone in his iniquity ; no man
?SQ guess the full consequences of his
Wno CAN COUNT THESTAKS?-Did
,ou ever try to count the stars? I
ised to try to do so myself, butsome
low I always fell asleep before I
?ould get through, and when I woke
ip I could not tell where I left ofT.
[ am told, though, that it bas been
lone, and that there are only about
iight thousand visible to the naked
?ye. Don't they make a great show
for a number no larger than that? But
Lhe Raven tells me that his master,
the Astronomer, says that those we
can see with our eyes alone are but
a very trifle compared with the number
that he can see through his telescope.
He says, instance, that there are eigh
teen million ot stars in the Milky Way.
Now it's of no use ! can't even think
of such a number as that. My bead
is n't big enough to hold them.
"Jack-in-the Pulpit."St. Nicholas for
posthumous fame is a plant of
tardy growth, for our body must be
the seed of it ; or we may liken it to
a torch, which nothing but the iast
spark of life can light up ; or we may
compare it to the trumpet of the arch
angel, for it is blown over the dead ;
but unlike that awful blast, it is of
?arth not of heaven, and can neither
rouse nor raise us.
Fear debilitates and lowers, hut
liopc animates and revives ; there?
Tore rullers and magistrates should
attempt to operate on tho minds of
their respeutive subjects, if possible,
by reward rather than punishment.
And this principle will be strengthed
by another consideration ; he that is
punished ot -rewarded, while he falls
or riaes in the estimation of others,
cannot fail ta dp so likewise in hip
The martyrs to. vjce. far exceed
toe martyrs to virtue, both in endu
rance and number. So blinded are
we by our passions, that we suffer
more to be damned than to bo saved.
50,000 Challenge !
GREAT LONDON CIRCUS,
SANGE US' ENGLISH MENAGERIE
OF TRAINED ANIMALS,
IRQUOIS INDIAN TROUPE,
Owns and daily exhibits tho
Only Group of Five Per
forming Elephants in
MANDKIE, SULTAN and VICTORIA.
All performing In the ring nt tho samo time
the mont won dr ri ii I feats ever seen, just as rep
resented on billa, programme, etc. Trained
nial perforated by Prof. Craven.
HOWES' GREAT LONDON CIRCUS.
-Owns and only exhibits the
ONLY GROUP OF FIVE ROYAL
Tn thc world ant] performed in thc ring ut ramo
lime. Trained and performed by Herr Still.
HOWES' GREAT LONDON CIRCUS,
Owns and dnllv exhibits the ONLY GROUD of
Six Fierce AFRICAN H Y KN A.? in the world.
Trained mid subdued by the Afrio.:n Cann.il> il
Montana, and arc dolly exhibited in 'ho publie
streets accompanied by their keeper in on open
iron-ulud dca, during the Triumphal Street l'o
That Howes' Great London Circus, Etc..
Eic, owns and dally exhibits th? only
THREE BABY ROYAL BENG
(Ttorn AfnrVJ Ol, 1?^*? K.uv u??n li?. Amil] I
.That Howes' Great London Circus, etc,
etc.. own? and dully exhibits. FHKK in the pub
Ho streite of each city or place of exhibition,
?even of thc largest most coally and negate
ccntly constructed Triiimphul Golden Chariots
of india, er Car of Juggernaut. The Chariot . f
Commer?a, thc Car of Kulcrpe, thu Chariot ? f
the Sun, the Celestial Chariot, thu Legend?r/
Dragon Charint and tho Cimlurilla Chariot, un i
mukc the most Gorgeous Display, while m the
o'rand Epics-Zoolo HippoUrouiutic. Triumphal
Street Pugeant ever buen.
That HAWES' GSEAT LONDON CI neus Own?
and daily clubita tho only l'otoquaiuc in Aun r
That at HOWES* GREAT LONDON CIRCUS,
Mil?,. Cordelia, the Equestrian Phenomena ol
tho age)-'"Kneen of the Arena" will positiv dy
appian at euell performance.
That S?ngers' English Menagerie of Tritiieil
AmimnlB, exhibition in connection with Hov i> i1
Creal London Circua, haa the beat collei lim ot
Living Wild Antaiula ever exhibited Soutl ut
ihc Ohio river. -
That Howes' Ureat London Circua, hila Mo
best 'Zoological Leeturer, (t'rof. KlliegLvn
from H. 15. M. Zoological Gardens,LondoiA.ln
8?,000 CHALLENGE !
That the proprietors of Howes' gro.ii L n'.n
Circua lina nnported into the United States nor*
Elephants thuu uny other concern in Amaina.
85,000 CHALLENGE !
That Howea' Creal London Circus, tu , .'wii"
and exhlbita daily in thu public street! Um
only Africuii zebras ever seen ia hames*,,(or
dinary shows have Miese nnininls engedi;: hy
this unnpuny they ure lined und driv?". Cu
sumo as horses. --
That Howea' Great London Circua, Ac.", iwn*
and exhibit,* ?lally in tba public streets theou!},'
Jcruanleni Donkeys and Abysiuluu Asv.v eve'e
seen in hurness Xu America.
That Howes'Great London Cirons, Ae,r swnA
and exhibits daily Uie only Three Ilorntd lita;
doostnn Bult aver imported into thc. Cattail
t$?>0,000 01?fill.?.:t,-,.v .
That Howes' Great London Circua, ?feta.?
special Features, na advertised r.nd <liu> ux
lilbited by this companv, uro to bu seo
other concern in Amonen.
That Howes' tirent London Cireux, At- Snag?
er?' English Menagerie of Trained .....,,.]?
und the lrnuols Indian Troupe, lina tie* tmal
genoral outfit In Chariots. Cager, Vas?, finir
mais, Horses. Ponies. Mules, Asses, f ,
Wardrobe, Paraphanalln. Ilote! j;,,.- :,.t..,;,,
cooking,slo ping end stable tents of an/ ?011 so
trian or zoological combination in Austina.
810,000 CH ALLERG P1:
That Howes' Great Lomlon Cirrus, Ac, >,
and runs 4'? rail rond cars, viz: tl ftut tMtf, 10
palace horse cars, 1 elephant palace fin?, 4 box
ears, I baggage cai 3 palaco al? cpii j cars, I
palace passenger car; this being lae greater
number "by far than by auy Circuu, MtnaKcrw:.
Etc., tn America. <
Htlll AsBiot?iei- j
That tho proprietors of Howe?' OrcHt London
Circus, Ac, have ample mean* fe rifcgpond to
any and all parties wishing to ucccnl uny one
or nil of Uie above cbaJlcn^tM,
G SHOW MEE SOUTH,
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1875.
D EQUAL-NO RIVAL.
THE ~ EVIATHAN COMING
LARGEST SHOW UPON EARTH-Hippodrome, Eenagerie, CircuB,
Howes' Great London Circus,
GRECIAN HIPPODRO 31 E,
; S?ngers' EngUsh Menagerie of Trained Animals
AND IRQUOIS INDIAN TEOUPE
?he most intensely interesting and novel exliibition
IN THE WORLD.
More Wild Beasts, more men nod horses, more curiosities, than any oombination
ever seen. The most gorgeous si reet procession ever given. Glittering Grecian
rlippodromatic. Triumphal Street Pageant, two miles in length. A Blaze of
Gold and Burnished Steel. 600 men and horses, at 0 A. M. oil euch day of cxhl
hiiiou. Come early and sec it.
NONE BUT ITSELF CAN BE ITS PARALLEL.
Every Feature Advertised Truly Exhibited. Every Nation of the Globo Rep
resented. The Whole World as Contributors.
ONLV ONES TICKET required for ALL.
More performing Animals than any other ten Menageries lu the World.
TUE ONLY ZEBRAS EVER SEEN IN HARNESS.
Specialties of our groat feature: Seven Massive Gold Chariots. 2 Roman War
Chariots, Koman Charioteers. Fearless Cavaliers escorting Grecian Beauties.
Elegant costumes adorning shapely ladies. Elephant Coursing, Hurdle Kneing.
Indian Games. Foot-lUcing. Etc. W e uso our own race truck. Read our $250,000
Challenge. Four acres of Exhibition Tents. Has no equal-no rival. The peo
pl<S ItllU picas vuuv.it iv/x IL,
SPECIAL U. S. DETECTIVE FORCE.
This is the only Company lu America Dint has a ?peela] Detective Force for the
protection ofIts patrons front impositions. No give away schemes. No SPinb*
Mug of any kind or nature, ar.d no Intoxicating liquors allowed on our exhibition
grounds under any pretense whatever.
ADMISSION-USUAL PUICES. .. .. 1200. Reserved Cushioned Seats
Doors open at 1 and 7 o'clock P. M. Foi full particulars see Pictorials, Pro
grammes, and our Illustrated Pictorial, the Advance Agent.
1 UANU OVKN1NG I
I will open this momios a let of tba
vcr offered in thia market, co si
JNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
\nd in ordor to cultivate a trade fer
these fine grades I will Bell them
[ have ni so re colver] this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for me from the
FincMt Selected \fheat,
I have never had a complaint of
this brand of flour.
IMPORTANT Norie? I
Inferior KEKOSXtfK OiL is so dan
gerous and se iv. ?BJ AC ci*! BUSS kare ee
iurred from ?tn us?, 1 haie keen iadueed,
it tiie repeated aoiicitation of ray custo
mers, to purchase & .supply of pure OH
UT hoir nsf?. I have just receive len
?TJEE WHITE KBK08ENB
Of 134 fire lest. I ?ill sell skis Fare
il cheaper than Ike same grade ef Oil
in be sold at ia this city. Families ?se
ig this Oil are safe. The us? vi ia?
) ni mon Oils now
FLOODING THE MABKET
equivalent to bringing int? tba family
istructlon and death !
1 have also received :
) Tierces Fresb Cured Davis* Ham?,
) Boxes Cream Cheese, direct from
> Firkins Goshen Butter, direct from
the Dairy, which has ail tho
freshness and flavor of the Hew
Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
) B?rrela of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
5 Sacks Lagaayra Codee, equal ta
? Sack? of assorted Kio, by last Bio.
With a full supply el
Fresh AK! Gr?>l.
7 stock is full, with, prices le* *?
[.hanking the pnb??c for their very llb
tl patron?** ^soliciting it? conti?
ace, I ^n 1,0 roy best tp merIt tkC
Colombia. 80? Oft.