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THE FREE CITIZEN.
- PUBLISHED AT
QR AN CEBU RC, S. C.
?. A. VPBfiS.TER, - - - Editor.
OKB COPT, OKK XEAUJ - - ~ $2.00
Tnvarmbty in Advance.
And I wlH come near to yea to Judgement; nnd
I will bo a swift witness, ngnlnst tho sorcer
er?, ;onl against tho adulterers, and nguiu tit
foin? swearers, anil ngnlnst those thnt op
press the hireling In hts wages, tho widow
mnd tire Talherlexs, nnd that turn asido tho
stranger from his right, nnd four not mo,
saLUi ina Lord of Hosts.-MALACHI, in, c.
We aro not responsible for tho vlows of our
Adrertisenionts to ho Inserted In the CITIZEN
must be received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements Inserted at Ono Dollar por I
Inch, fur tho first Insertion. Further terms can
be had on application to tho Editor or Publishes.
Communications on matters of State or Loca.1
interest, respectfully solicited.
KU orrtnro for Job Printing lott at this offlee
will receive prompt attention.
Agenta-?nd Correspondents - wanted tai all
?Towna, of ?ho County.
SATURDAY, OCT. 16, 1875.
Tho Tenure of Offloe of tho Circuit
.The News and Courier has raised
an important question in reference to
the term of office of Judges elected
to fill out the unexpired terms of.
their predecessors. Judge Carpenter
was elected December, 1872; Judge
Cooke January, 1878; Judge Reed
December, 1874, and Judge Shaw
Januery, 1876-all elected to fill va
cancies caused by death or resigna
tion of office, and for the unexpired
term of those whom they succeeded.
By the constitution the circuit
judges are elected for the term of
four yeats, and it is claimed these
judges hold office for four years from
the tij^ of their election. The News
' advances, in support of
ptipgbtho decision of the State
&Gwxt which- declares that
yjtj&ttiffnvsijo fill a vacancy, no
^ nattai; bow arising ;" that 4'tho per-^
*'som elected to fill a vacancy 'docs
"not succeed to tho unexpired por
ci?n of the burnt of his predecessor,'
"but hold? by a determinate tenure
"prescribed by the Constitution ;"
?nd that "no matter how the office
"becomes vacant, the party elected
"tn. KuAeivvl to it ia not in as the mere
"locvm tetnens, only supplying the
?Herm of the person- who last pre
We have taken pains to get the
opinion of our local lawyers on this
subject, and lind them almost unan
imous in the support of this position.
Messrs..Glover & Glover referred
US to the follorring cases establishing
tho tenure of office in South Carolina,
determined in tho Constitutional
Court of thia 'State, by D. J. McCord,
State vs. Jeter.-r'T'hG tenure by
which an office is held does not de?
pend Upon the commission which the
Governor jasay think, proper to give
lt is only evidence of the appoint
ment. Tho tenure must depend upon
the provisions of the act creating the
office, or upon the Constitution.
iMcCord; ;283. *
State vs. Ephraim Lyle*-A person
elected Ordinary under the act of
1812, which limits the duration of
office to four years, is in under the
Constitu? ion. and is entitled to hold
his'Office during good behavior, al
though commisioned only for four
years.-1 McCord, 238. . '
8taiey va. W. Mi HuUon.-Ordina
ries, by the third article of the Con
stitution of this State, are judicial
officers, and hold their office during
good behavior ; and when the Gov
ernor,, under the act of 1815, ap
pointe*. &v ordinary to fill a vacancy,
although the aot authorizes him only
to xpelco a temporary appointment
until, ajf itfec^ion shall take place, yet
ordinary being in office, he is in
nudes tte Constitution, and hold du
T?Pg behavior.--1 McCord/240.'
State, vst Thama? Mcclintock.-.
Hy:lit? Cess'i^tlon the Sheriffs hold
their offices'/or the term of four
yeafjftjuod when the Governo^inder,
the ??gofif.1808, appointed a aheriff
ttt.MS*m. vacancy uniU an olect?on
'"Bi,- such alierifiV being
^n on^^i?ahdV ?ie Constitution,
apd holde hi* office for four years,
l McCord 2i?.
? ' ILM I 1-~
MISPLACED CONFIDENCE.--Mr. V !
M. Hutto, of Graham's Station, &.
C., don't "read the papers," and
while traveling from, his home on
Monday towards Augusta on the
South Carolina Railroad, considered
it a favor when a newsboy introduced
him to GeorgeClark, an oily-tongued
confidence man. Tho gentleman from
the pino wilds of Orangeburg county
became fascinated with his new ac
quaintance, and after a stroll around
the streets, they proceeded to a hotel
selected by Clark. The pair retired
to bed about tO P. M-i and two hours
after Hutto awoke to tho realizing
sense of being a loser to the extent of
8213 in money and $75 worth in jew
elry, which Clark had abstracted
from under his head. The police
were notified, but Clark, better known
to them as Hendricks Clark, had
made good his escupe to South Caro
lina, via Hamburg.-Augusta Consti
A person was once walking with a
farmer through a beautiful field when
ho happened to see a tall thistle on
the other side of the fence. In a
second, over the fence he jumped, and
and out it cif close, to. the ground.
"le that your field ?" asked his com
panion. "O, no 1" said the farmer,
:*'bad weeda do not care much for
fences, and it I should leave that
thistle to blossom in my neighbor's
field I should soon have a plenty of
Evil weeds in yours neighbor's field
will scatter seeds of evil in your own,
therefore, every weed polled up in
your neighbor's field is a dangerous
enemy driven ofi from your own, No
one liveth or dieth to himself. All
are Hoked together..
Sages of old contended that no sin
was ever committed whose consequen
ces rested on, the head of sinner alone ;
that no man cou ld do ill and his fell
ows not suffer. They illustrated it
thus : "A vessel sailing from Joppa
carried a passenger, who beneath his,
berth, cut a hole through the ship's
side. When the men of. the watch
expostulated with him,"*What does't
thou, O, miserable man ?' the offender
camly replied, * What matters it to
you? The hole I have made lies under
my own berth.' "
This ancient parable is worthy of
the utmost consideration. No man
perishes alone in his iniquity ; no man
;?n guess the full consequences of his
Wno CAN COUNT THE STARS?-Did
ou ever try to count the stars? I
sed to try lodoso myself, butsome
low I always fell asleep before I
ould get through, and when I woke
ip I could nbt tell where I left off.
am told, though, that, it has been
lone, and that thei? arc only ?b?tit
light thousand visible to the naked
iye. Don't they make a great show
br a number no larger than that? But
he Raven tells me that his master,
ihe Astronomer, says that those we
mn see with our eyes alone are but
ii very trifle compared with the number
that he can see through his telescope.
He says, instance, that there are eigh
teen million ot stars in the Milky Way.
Now it's of no use ! can't even think
of such a number as that. My head
is n't big enough to hold them.
"Jack-in-the Pulpit."St. Nicholas/or
Posthumous fame is a plant of
tardy growth, for our body must be
the seed of it ; or we may liken it to
i torch, Which nothing but the last
spark of life can light up ; or we may
soropare it to the trumpet of the arch
?n gel, for it is blown over the dead :
mt unlike that awful blast, it is of
sarth not of heaven, and can neither
'ouse nor raise us.
Fear debilitates and lowers, but
tope animates and revives ; there
ore rullers and magistrates should
attempt to operate on the minds of
&eir respective subjects, if possible,
hy reward rather than punishment.
And this principle will be strengthed
hy another consideration ; be that is
punished ot rewarded, while he falle'
sr rUp is th* estimation of ethers,
sannot fail io do so likewise in his
The martyrs to, vice,, far exoeed
tne martyrs to virtue,, both in endu
rance and number. So blinded are
we by our passiono. that we Buffer
more to be damned than io be saved.
50,000 Challenge !
CREAT LONDON CIRCUS,
SANGE US' ENGLISH MENAGERIE
OF TRAINED ANIMALS,
IKQUOIS INDIAN TROUPE,
Owns and dailv exhibits the
Only Group of Five Per
forming Elephants in
MANDKIE, SULTAN and V1CTOBIA.
All performing In the ring- at tho same time, I
tho most wonderful feats ever seen, just as rup- ,
resente?! on bills, programme, etc. Trained :
and porformod by Prof. Craven.
HOWES' GREAT LONDON CIRCUS.
-Owns and only exhibits the
ONLY GROUP OF FIVE ROYAL
Tn the world and performed in the ring ot r-niuu
limo. Trained and performed by Herr Still.
HOWES' GREAT LONDON CIRCUS.
Ovma and dally oxhlbita the ONLY GROUP ol"
Six Pierce AFRICAN HYENAS in the world.
T.-alned and aubdned hy the African Cannubal
Montana, und are daily exhibited in the pulilic
streets accompanied by their keeper in an ?peu
iron-clad den, during the Triumphal Street Vo
That Howes' Great London Circus, Etc.,
Etc., owns and c?al?y exhibits the only
THREE BABY ROYAL BEN'
.iv -, ii .,,:.--> i In A Kim '
That Howes' Great London Circus, ctol,
etc.. own a and dully exhibits. FREE in thu pati
lla atreeU of euch city or place of exhibition,
seven of thc largest most emily And m.'Kniti
cently constructed Triumphal Golden Ch ;..:>?'.
of India, or Car of Juggernaut. The Chariot o?
Commerce, tho Car ot Euterpe, thu Chariot if
the Sun, the Celestial Chariot, thu Legendary
Dragon Charlot and the Cinderilla Chariot, and
make the most Gorgeous DisDlay, while in the
til ?lid ?,|iUf>-Zoclo l'ippedremstic Triumphal
Street Pageant ever seen.
That HAWES' GBKAT LON DON CI items Owns
and daily exhibits the only Potoquaine lu Amer
That at HOWES' GREAT LONDON CIRCUS,
Milu. Cordoba, the Equestrian Phenomeim or
tho agc)-oRuccn of tho Arena" will pomtlvely
appcur at euuh performance.
$5,000 CHALLENGE !
That S-tr^cra' English Menagerie of Trailed I
Amlmale, exhibition in connection with Hov es' j
Great London Ciruus, han the best colluclto ? o li
Living Wild AnintuU ever exhibited Soutli ol.
tho Ohio river. -
That Howes' Great London circus, han tilo
best Zoological Lecturer, (Prof. Ellas*:- vi>
from H. H. M. Zoological Gardens,Londoij.in,
That the proprietors of Howes' great totclbn,
Circus has imported into the United States nor*
Elephants than any other concern in Amtxiru.
That Howes' Great London Circus, fcc , SWOB
and exhibits daily in the public strceU Uio
only Africuti zebras over seen in hame*' (or
dlnury shows have these animals eiif*ed;u by.
this company ikey ure used and driv<?j thu
name aa horses. --
85,000 CE! ALLENGE !
That Howe?' Great London Circus, 4c .-...!?
and exhibits daily in ths public streets Ihroulv,
Jerusalem. Donkeys and Abysintan As*q>
seen in harness In America.
That Howes'Great London eirena, *ftrewns
and exhibits daily the only Three Horne i Hm
doostan Bull aver imported into th-. On!.:di
That Howes' Great London Circa* ?Mrs.,.
special Features, ns advertised and iltBV ex
hlblted by thia com pan v, ure tu bo ne}?, in. no
other concern In America.
That Howea' Great;London Circus, Ar- Sasgr>
era' English .Menagerie of Trained ^aiimde.
and the Irqnois Indian Troupe, has Ibu bast
genorat outfit itt Chariots. Cage?, Vno. Anr
mala, Horaea. Penlee. Mule?, Annen, ?iindtey.?,
Wardrobe, Paraphanalla. Hotel. F.nihrtion,
cooking,ele ping and atablo tenta of an/ p s-s
trian or zoological eurubSiiation la /..
Thai Howes? Great London Circus,?fc., ?'rat
and runa 42 railroad cars, viz: 22 fun'tart, IO
pataco horne cara, t elephant palace cir* 4 box
cara, i baggage car 2 palace sleophnr cara, l
palaeo passenger car; Ulis being tait greater
number by Ihr than by auy Clrous, Mauwttrle,
Etc., tu Am ?rica. -
That toe proprietors of Howes' o rei I London
Circna, ftc, have ample mean? '<> f?pond to
any and all parties wishing tu acccp ? any onu
or all of tho ubo vc caution ??.
SHOW BYEE SOUTH,
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1875.
NO EQUAL-NO RIVAL.
THE T EYIATHAN COMING
LARGEST SHOW UPON BARTH-Hippodrome, Eenagerie, Circus,
Howes' Great London Circus,
GRECIAN H I X3 I? O I> TC O M E,
j S?ngers' English Menagerie of Trained Animals
AND IRQUOIS INDIAN TKOTJPE
The most intensely interesting and novel exliibition
IN THE WORLD.
More Wild Beasts, more men and horses, more curiosities, than any oombination
ever seen. The most ?orgeons si reet procession ever given, Glittering Grecian
Hippodr?matiu. Triumphal Street Pageant, two miles in length. A Blaze of
Gold and Burnished Steel. 600 men and horses, at 9 A. M. on each day of exhi
bition. Couti; early and see it.
NONE BUT ITSELF CAN BE ITS PARALLEL.
Every Feature Advertised Truly Exhibited. Every Nation of the Globo Rep
resented. The Whole World as Contributors.
ONIJV ONE TIOKET required for ALI*.
More performing Animals than any other ten Menageries in the World.
THE ONLY ZEBRAS EVER SEEN IN HARNESS.
Specialties of our great feature: Seven Massive Gold Chariots, 2 Roman War
Chariots, Koman Charioteers. Fearless Cavaliers escorting Grecian Beauties.
Elegant costumes adorning shapely ladles. Elephant Coursing, Hurdle Pacing.
Indian Games. Foot-Bacing. Etc. We use our own racetrack. Read our $260,000
Challenge. Four acres of Exhibition Tents. Has no equal- -
pie and press vouch for it,
-no rival. The peo
SPECIAL U. S. DETECTIVE FORCE.
This is the only Company in America that has a ppocial Detective ?Force for the
protection of its patrons from Impositions. No give away schemes. No gamb
ling of any kind or nature, and no Intoxicating liquors allowed on our exhibition
grounds under any pretense, whatever.
ADMISSION-USUAL PRICES. .. ..... .. 1200. Reserved Cushioned Seato
Doors open at I and 7 o'clock P. M. For full particulars see Pictorials, Pro
grammes, and our Illustrated Pictorial, the Advance Agent.
"I HAND OMENING I
? Vi lli open this morning A lot of tho
ver offered in this market, co ?I
JNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
fOXJNG HYSONS, *'
And in ordor to cultlvnto a trade far
j these flu? gradea I will sell them
VERY LO "W .
[ have also reeelred tin o morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Mads especially
for me from tho
Fine wt Selected "Wheat-*
I haye serer had a aomplalnt of
this brand of flour.
IMPORTANT None? !
Inferior KEROSENE OIL ia so dan
gerous and se many aecirfflUM have .?
jurred from its uno, ? hmo neon induced,
it the repeated solicitation af my custo
mers, to purchase a .supply of pura Oil
'or their use. I have ju!?t recetv? ten
PUSE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 134 Ara tatt. I trill soil this Para
Ol cheaper thaa tho sam? grada af Oil
an be sold at la this city. Familial BB?-.
ig this Oil ar? caf?. Tba usa of tba
ommon Oils DOW
FLOODING TH S HARKET
i equivalent to bringing into tbe family:
estruction and death !
I have also received :
0 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis'Hams,,
0 Boxes Cream Cheese, direct from
5 Firkins Goshen Butter, direct from
the Dairy, which has all the
freshness and flavor of the flow
ers, ?fr '
Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
0 Barrel? of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
5 Sachs Lageajra Coffee, equal to
0 Sacks of assorted Rio. bj In nt. BU,
With a full supply af
Fresh AK) Qui.
y stock is full, with, prlcas !.*
good time? oominir
Thanking the the?r T*llb
,1 patronal w*?ol!oiting H. conti.^
nee, I do> my best, t?. merit tbe
Columbia, Bo? O*.