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THE FREE CITIZEN
OR AN CEBU RC, S. C.
E. A. WEBSTER, - - - Editor.
OKB Corr, ONE YEAH, - - - $2.00
Invariably in Advance,
And I will como near to you to judgement; nnd
I will bo a swift witness against tho sorcer
ers, and against tito adulterers, and against
false swearers, and again.-l those tliat o|>
press Hie hireling in his wages, the widow
and the fatherless, and Hint tura aside lito
stranger from his right, and fear not me,
saith the Lord ol Hosts.-MALACHI, 111, 5.
We arc not responsible for thc views of our
Advertisements to he inserted in the CITIZEN
must he received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted at Ono Hollar per
inch, for thc first insertion. Further term? can
be had on application to Hie Kill tor or Publisher.
Communications on mailers ol'.State or Local
interest, respectfully solicited.
All orders l'or -lob Printing left at this Office
will receive prompt attention.
Agents and Correspondents wanted in all
Towns of the County.
SATURDAY, NOV. G, 1875.
'Honesty the Best Policy.'
This trite saying carries upon thc
face of it a truth so just and self-evi
dent that no one would dare in an
avowed theory to contradict it. But
many who would not question its
truth in theory evidently do it in
practice. How eager men are, even
for dishonest gains. If they can get
the control of money for their own
use and escape the scrutiny of a hu
man tribunal, they care little by what
means it is done. If they can secure
o??ce and its honors and annuities,
they do not hesitate at the means to
doit. Some men. would open grog
shops, and scatter in the community
arrows, fire-brands and death if oilice
Sod wealth for thcmselves.could only
'.! return. But if "God is God,
and rigid, is iight, ' every dishonest
act to obtain*any earthly gain is p.o,
ing too deal for such paltry favors, j
Tho folly of all snob u^is will bo .seen
iii due time. "All's well that Oi.ds
well ;" but there is no good ending |
for di.-?honest deeds.
ff A N ew York paper in referring to
the notorious Tweed and his unfor
tunate, but once seemingly prosper
ous family, says of him and his wile :
They were married when the man was
a chairmaker, and they might have had
a happy career had the former remained
honest. They lived in a plain manner,
mingled with mechanics' society, and
Were the parents of two boys and two
girls, good looking and healthy children.
Tho era of meretricious splendor has
come and gone like a dream. Thc girls
arc married. Each had a diamond wed
ding, and each has sunk into obscurity
and poverty. The two sons once held
linc appointments in thc service ol' thc
ring, but they are now only lounging
around the city hall. Thc mother is in
widow's desolation. The ill gotten
wealth is almost all gone. A million
and u half has passed into thc hands of
lier lawyers, and her husband is still a
prisoner. A sectly and corpulent old
man, inhabiting a pair of rooms in Lud
low street jail, is all that is left of one
who has been alderman, Congressman,
chairmaker and lawyer, commissioner ol'
parks, public buildings and docks, State
senator, and for seven years the autocrat
of this city, the only redeeming feature.
?3 the faithful wife, who is reducing her
self to poverty in hope ol obtaining her
As our readers well know, a large
amount of money has disappeared
from our own county treasury, which
our people had paid in taxes from
their own scanty earnings. We never
have said whose pocket or pockets
were lined with this loss of our county
treasury. Somebody ought to know,
and somebody does know, but who
would want to know that he waa him
self the thief? Sach knowledge
would brand one's own being with
infamy, and the painful truth must
iiaunt them living or dying. The
gains of dishonesty are a burning
curse to those who hold them. Money
thus secured never spends well.
Few men who, like Boss Tweed, se
cure wealth by pilfering, take any
real or lasting satisfaction in eating
t'?&?Luit of their own doings. Such
own make signal failures in this life,
but if not on earth, they cannot es
cape when'due vengeance from above
shall overtake thuin.
More citizens fop our State.
It is well known that wc have any
amount of waste land in South Car
olina, laud, too, winch will richly pay
for careful cultivation; We want
more good citizens for our State.
Not a fourth part of our land is now
improved. We do not wonder that
some who left us after *.he war are
glad now to get the means to return,
! and we arc glad that our government
is so generous in helping them to the
means to bring forth the fruit meet
for repentance. Wc cannot alford to
drive from us any man or woman
who is able and willing to carn an
honest living. Thc effort for our in
terest to make, is to induce people
to come to us from other States,
North or South, and we should give
them a hearty welcome. Wc learn
with pleasure "that a meeting was
held in Columbia, some weeks ago,
to consider the proposed immigration
of a large number of colored people,
who had signified their intention to
remove from Georgia into tilts State.
The meeting appointed a committee
to consider the matter and take such
action as might be deemed advisable.
Judge Wright, the chairman of Ibis
committee has published a report in
which he states that several thousand
acres of good land have already been
placed at their disposal, to be dis
posed of to such persons as may be
desirous of becoming permanent bona
fide settlers, at prices ranging from
one dollar per acre and upward.
None of thc lauds noft in the hands
of thc committee will be sold, except
to such persons as do intend to be
come actual settlers. All tracts sold
' ill be^guarauteed good nuA fertile,
unless specified to the contrary. In |
such sales ho discrimination with re-,
?ard to race or color will be made,
and the land will be for purchase, j
lease, or at simple rental, 'according
to the discretion of the settler. The
committee now consists of one mem
ber in each county in the State, and
they invite all persons who have land
to sell to communicate with the Sec
retary, Mr. H. L. Shrewsbury, at
If Georgia, Mississippi and other
Southern Stales wish to get rid of
their colored people we will give them
a hearty welcome in South Carolina,
and will do our best to aid them in
land and the means of education.
->S'. E. Advocate.
The time to educate comes with
thc first conscious being of early in
fancy, and no portion of life can be
more favorable for education in many
important respects, than the first
seven years of life. All that one
secs or hears-all thc surroundings of
childhood leave their indelible im
press on thc tenderest years of child
hood. If this be so, what can we
expect from the maturity of age,
where childhood is reared in rude
hovels, amid filth, and if clad at all,
clad in rags and left without the ten
der caresses of fond affection, or
suitable food for body or mind? It
is true that mothers must be mainly
the educators of childhood, but how
can they toach what they never knew
themselves? How can they care for
the immortal interests committed to
their trust when obliged to work in
the field during the day in hoeing
cotton and corn to get bread for
themselves to eat? Manya mother
in this section of country works for
five dollars per month and rations.
Wc have heard of mothers of the
great and good, but these mothers
were not left themselves without ad
vantages and opportunities tc edu
cate their children. Culture does
not come from careless neglect, nor
can those cultivate others who have
themselves no cultivation.
If the mother of the Wealers had
not carefully improved the golden
opportunities of childhood i'm home |
instruction for her children, the I
founder of thc Methodist Episcopal
Church never would have br : known
in the world's history. The name
might be said of those distinguished
in thc world of science. It was!
Baron Cuvier's mother who made him
a great naturalist. The foundation
was laid in bis earliest yearSj when
her loving lessons invested with inte
rest every little shell a:id inser?
which came under bis observation.
lt was she who first taught lum to
read with delight the works of Gea
uer and Buifon, to make copies of the
ditferent animals described, and su
perintending his sketches.
Thc proud acbievents of his man
hood were but the fruit of his early
education. Bad men comu froth the
wrong lessons given them ii ly life.
lt is the hou.c education thal
not only on thc subsequent < . . , ul
on the doctrines of thc soi fo el : -
nit}', lt is what wc need iii '.; igh
this section of country; homes of
taste, furnished with the m ms ol in
tellectual and moral culture. We
need also, day schools and Subballi
schools, that will meet this demand
for virtuous education in ear:; life.
Looking After Dogs.
Kxcentric ladies support ;.. sum
army of cats, and one dying lang
land a few years ago left a fortunt
for the support of a family of cats.
The people of thc South are extreme
ly fond of dogs, and many po : > D
spend more to feed their dogs thai
their minister who preaches ??, Ua-.i
the word of life. Many of thc poo
people in this section are iu tbij Imbi
of eating their food us
chance lo obtain it, and never coin?
around the table to Jabe ?theil ^nujal
together iii a family circle. Sue!
Luigtit possibly take a valuftb!? !vir
from the way that an English lon
treats his dogs :
"Lord Egerton is a man . fei
acquaintances, and very few ol Iii
countrymen have got as far .
dining ball. His table, bowe1 er, i
constantly set out with a dozen > ov
ers, and served by suitab'- aiteii
ants. "Who, then, are his priyih .
guests? No less than a dozen of I.
voritc dogs, who daily partake .
milord's dinners, seated vcr / gravel
in arm chairs, each with : mpki
round bis neck, and a servan! i ?bin
to attend to bia wants. Tin . hot
orable quadrupeds, as if grateful f<
such delicate attentions, .upi;,
themselves during thc time of rcpai
with a decency and decorum wine
would do more than honor lo :. pan
of gentlemen ; but if, b}' any chane
one of them should, without inc uoi
sideration, obey thc natural jnstin
Df his appetite, and trans. i > ??any
Ibo rules of good manner-, iii . pu
isbment is at hand. Thc 'lav folio
ing tho ofllense thc dog dines, m
sven dines well, but not at uiilon
table ; banished to the onte-chamh
?nd dressed in livery, be eats in si
row the bread of shame ano pi
llie bone of mortification, while !
place attable remains vacant tili ?
repentance has merited e. genero
A Sensible Girl,
"Some months ago," &ays a writ
lI met a young English woman w
3ame to this city to marry a you
man to whom she was affianced
England, and who bad com-', lo t
country two years previous to enge
in business. She was to marry li
at the home of a friend ol her mo
er's with whom she was stayi:
During thc time she was making
ber wedding outfit, bo came to
ber one evening when he was j
drunk enough to bc foolish. She 1
Bhocked und pained beyond menai
She then learned, for the first til
that bc was in the habit of drink
frequently to excess. She init?u
uteiy Flopped her preparations, J
told him she could not many li
He protested that she would di
him to distraction ; promised never
to drink another drop, etc.
.No,' she said, 4I dare not trust my
future happiness to a man who has
formed such a habit. I came three
thousand miles to marry thc man I
loved, and now rather than to marry
a drunkard, 1 will go three thousand
miles back again." And she went,
and thus proved herself wise and
strong. Better a thousand times dis
solve the tenderest tie, than to bc
linked to that "body of death," a
loatbesome, helpless drunkard.
But bow many young women there
arc who would falter, and hesitate,
and yield, and put faith in a drunk
ard's word! How ninny have al
ready done so, whose throbbing
beal ts only ceased their hopeless
aching, in thc chilling silence of the
sepulchre. Oh, woman be careful
where you step ! Let every woman
take a finn stand on this ground, and
it would do more to prevent intem
perance than any present means can
Moral Courage in Daily Life.
"Moral Courage," was printed in
large letters as the caption of thc fol
lowing items, and placed in a con
spicuous place on the door of a syste
matic merchant in New York, for
constant reference, and furnished by
him for publication :
Have the courage to discharge a
debt while you have the money in
Have the courage to do without
that which you do not need, however
much your eyes may covet it.
Have the courage to speak to a
friend in a seedy coat, even though
you are in company with a rich one,
and richly attired.
Have the courage to speak your
mimi when it is necessary that you
should do so, and hold your tongue
when it is prudent that you should
Have the courage to own that you
ire poor, and thus disarm poverty of
Have the courage io tell a ii.aa why
you refuse lo credit bim. 11
Have the courage to cut the most j '
agreeable acquaintance ?you iiavc-U
win n you arc convinced thai he lacks 1
principie-a friend should bear with
a friend's infirmities, but not with
Have the courage to show your
respect for honesty, in whatever guise
it appears, and your contempt for
dishonesty and duplicity, by whom
Have the courage to wear your
old clothes uutil you can pay for new
Have the courage to prefer com
fort and propriety to fashion in all
Have thc courage to acknowledge
your ignorance, rather than to seek
for knowledge under false pretenses.
Have the coinage in providing an
entertainment for your friends not to
exceed your means.
WASTED POW EUS.- Among thc
numberless marvels at which nobody
marvels, few are more marvelous than
the recklessness with which priceless
gifts, intellectual and moral, arc
squandered. Often have I gazed with
wonder at thc prodigality displayed
by nature in the cistus, which unfolds
bundled rd* thousands of its starry
blossoms, morning after morning, to
shine in the light of thc sun for an
hour or two and then fall to the
ground. But who among the sons'
and daughters of men-gifted with
thoughts which wander through eter
nity, and with powers which have
thc godlike privilege of working good
and giving bappi nessa-who does not
daily let thousands of these thoughts
drop to the ground and rot? who
does not continually leave his powers
to draggle in the mold of their own
leaves? The imagination can hardly
conceive tho heights of greatness and
glory to which mankind would bc
raised, if ali their thoughts and ener
gies were to be animated willi a liv
ing purpose. But, as in forest of
oaks, among the millions of acorns
that fall every autumn, there may,
perhaps, bc one in a mi Ilion that will
grow into a tree-somewhat in like
manner fares it with the thoughts and
feelings of man. What, then, must
be our confusion when wc see all
thrse wasted thoughts and feelings
rito np in thc judgment and bear wit
ness against us !
CLOUD WITH A SILVER LINING.
-The News and Courier of Charles
ton, in a notice of the elections on
Tuesday of this week says :
"There arc too bright spots in the
gloomy picture of Tuesday's elec
tions. The conservatives, working
in harmony with thc colored people,
liave elected their entire ticket in
Mississippi, and the anti-Tammany
Democrats, in co-operation with the
Republicans have routed the insolent
ind corrupt Tammany Hall clique in
New York city."
A TRUE LADY.-Beauty and style
ire not thc surest passports to respec
tability. Thc best women that the
world has ever seen have presented
thc most unprepossessing appearance.
A woman's worth is to bc estimated
by thc real goodness of her soul, and
purity and sweetness of her charac
ter ; and a woman with kindly dispo
sition, and well balanced mind and
temper, is lovely and- attractive, be
her face ever so plain, and her figure
ever so homely. She makes the best
of wives and the truest of mothers.
Sin: has a higher purpose in living
than the beautiful yet vain, supercili
ous, woman who has no higher ambi
tion than to Haunt her finery in the
streets so to gratify her inordinate
,'anity by extracting flattery and
nuise from society whoso compli
ments are as hollow as they are in
LITTLE CKOSSES.-Christ comes to
is morning by morning, to present
o us, for thc day then opening,
livers little crosses, thwartings of
mr own will, interferences with our
dans, disappointments of our little
deasurcs. Do we kiss them, and
ake them up, and follow in Ids rear,
?kc Simon the Cyrenian? Or do we
oss them from us scornfully because
hey are so little, and wait for a great
iflliction to prove our patience and
mr resignation to his will ? Ah ! how
night wc accommodate to the small
natters of religion gcrcrally those
voids of the Lord respecting the
ihildrcn : "Take heed fin*, ye despise
lot one of these little ones." Despise ;
?ot little sins; they nave ruined j
iian? a soul. Despise not little du
des ; they have been lo many a saved j
nan au excellent discipline of bu
nanity. Despise not little tempta
tions ; rightly met, they have often
icrved thc character for some fiery
rial. Despise not little crosses ; for
vhen taken up, and lovingly accept
ai at thc Lord's band, they have
nade men meet for a great crown,
.ven a crown of righteousness and
ife, which the Lord has promised to
hose that love him.
LOVE-One morning, I found little
Dora busy at the ironing table,
(moothing the towels and stockings.
"Isn't it hard work for the little
inns?" 1 asked.
A look like sunshine came iuto her
"ace as she glanced toward her moth
ar, who was rocking the baby.
"It isn't hard when I do it for
mamma," she said, softly.
How true it is that love makes la
bour sweet. So, if we love the bless
ed Saqiour wc shall not find it bard
Lo work for Him. It is love that
makes His yoke easy and His bur
len light. If wc love God, we shall
always be happy and contented witu
Let those who would affect singu
larity with success, first determine to
Lie very virtuous, and the will bc sure
Lo bc very singular.
The choicest in the world-Importers'
prices-largest Company in America
staple article-pleases everybody--trade
continually increasing-agents wanted
uVerywhere- best inducements - don't
waste lime-semi tor circular to
4.'} Vesey Street, New York.
Postofllce ?ox 1287.
Oolong, black-40, BO, 00, best 70cts
per pound. Mixed, Qm and Ulk-40,
50, CO, Imsi 70cts per lb. Japan, U:ieol
ored-00. 70, 80. 00. best $1.00 per lb.
Imperial, Green-60, 70, 80. 00, best
SI .00 per lb. Young Hyson, Green-50,
00.70.80.00, $1.00. best $1.05 peril).
Gunpowder, Green-$1.00, best $1.80 per
lb. English Breakfast, Black-00, 70.
80, 00. best 81.00 per lb,
N. H.-We have a specialty of Garden
Growth Young Hyson and Imperial at
81.20, and Oolong Extra Choice $1.00.
If one of our agents should call
upon you, send for a pound sample of
any kind you require. Enclose the
money, and we will forward lt to you,
per return mall without any extra charge.
I win open this norning a jot of tb?
ever offered in this market, co st
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
And in order to cultivate a trade for
these fine grades I will nell them
V E Tl Y Hi O "W .
I have also received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for me from the
Finest Selected Wheat,
I have never had a complaint of
this hraad of flour.
Inferior KEROSENE OIL is oo dan?
gerous and so many accidents have ..
curred from ils use, I have been induced,
at the repeated solicitation cf my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure OU
for their use. 1 have just receiv* ton
PUKE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 134 fir? t??l. I will sell Itt? Par?
Oil cheaper than th? una grad? ?f Oil
can be sold at in this city. Faasilics ?se
ing this Oil are safe. The use of th?
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
is equivalent to bringing into the family
destruction and death I
1 have also received :
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Hams,
10 Boxes Cream Cheese, direct from
25 Firkins Goshen ButUr, direct fron
the Dairy, which has all the
freshness anti flavor of the lew
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sagar-Cured
10 Barrels of Extra Mes9 Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sacks Lagaayra Coffee, equal to
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Kio
With a full supply of
r>V-M'l ill I i . I
My stock 5- full, with ?rice? lev MtJ
good times cetaief.
Thanking the public for th?lr very llb
eral patronage, and soliciting its conti*,
nance, I will do my best to merit the
OtMtunMe* Bes Osa