THE FREE GtTIZEN.
ORAN CEBU RC, S. C.
E. A. WEBSTER, A. JJf. Editor.
OKS Corr, ONE YEAH, - - - s 2.00
Invariably in Advance.
And I will cunio near ti? yon to Judgement; ?md
I will bo a swill witness against Hie sorcer
ers, and against Hie adulterers, und against i
false swearers, und against those Unit op
press tho hireling in Iiis wages, Hiv willow
ami tho fatherless, and th.'.t turn aside tho
stranger from his right, mid lear not me,
i-aith the Lord ol' Hosts.-MALACHI, I II, 0. i
Wc aro not responsible For thu views cf our
Advertisements to bo inserted in thc ClTl/.KN
must be received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted at One Dollar per
inch, for tho first insertion. Flintier lei ins can
be had on application to tho Editor or Publisher.
Communications on matters of State or Local
Interest, respectfully solicited.
All orders for Job Printing loft at thia oil!ce
will receive prompt attention.
Agents and Correspondents wanted in all
Towns of the County.
SATURDAY, NOV. 20, 1870.
This body will soon- meet at thc
State capitol. Thc people are look
ing howard to its meeting, with more
than ordinary interest. It seems that
our Governor has not, as yet, signed j
the tax levy bill which passed near
the close of thc last session. The
failure of Solomon's Bank, in which
the Slate had largely deposited, has
afforded another excuse for non
payment from the State Treasury,
and many who had claims against thc
Statq are short of payments from
that source. Ko taxes can bc levied
and collected while we have no law
to enforce it. It will require prompt
legislation, or at least harmony be
tween the executive and legislative
^departments of the government to
relieve State finances by collection
taxes for the present year.
ni?gpvernment as well as bo j,
- . i^^Kc- Sft-dQubl -, desire economy, j
bu J there is no wise economy in ncg
lccting to pay just debts, and it can
; not, be wise for the ?State long to neg
lect to put in operation the means to
meet existing" obligations. Thc
nion Herald in referring to this
"We have eight circuit judges and
one supreme judge to elect. The
selection of these will test the patrio
tism, capacity and wisdom of the
members. Personal or political
sympathy ought not to lie thc sole
guides of a member in bis vote for a
judge. To indict a venal or incompc
tentjudge upon thc people is the
worst political crime a party can
commit. Wc have faith to believe
that schemes and slates will be bro
ken, and each candidate will stand
upon his record and his merits when
the test vote is taken.
The State House has been brushed
up, the chairs have been mended,
there is fuel in the cellars, 2)aid fur,
enough to keep all warm, without thc
heat of debate ; thc stationery is
ready to distribute, Joe and Jones
arc on the ground, and everything be
tokens the beginning of a session,
and even an ill-used editor will be
glad to see it open.
Citizens Not Free!
The Union Uerald playfully asks
.us if we know of any American
citizens that are not free? We think
wo might lind some of that sort. I low
any man can bo free without power
to act seems u mystery. We arc told
* that knowledge is power, what shall
we say, then, of those who are tram
eletl with ignorance, and have not thc
ability to think fer themselves, or
even to write their own names, but
arq obliged to get others to think,
and even write for them, and, possi
bly to read and interpret thc ballots
they cast? No bird can fly without
wings, nor even with them, unless he
has learned how to use them. Thc
chain of ignorance with which its vic
tims aro bound cannot be in keeping
with dictates and aspirations of real
Some American citizens arc thc
tools ol' party. They lamely work
under party leaders, and in slavish
plight do their bidding. Any meas-;
ure is adopted that the parly may
dictate, and any person sustained for
oflicc who can worm themselves into
party nominations, whether wisc or
foolish, honest or dishonest. ?Such
persons enjoy no more of real free
dom than the uutlcdged birds w ho oc
cupy the nests they foul, and open
their mouths lamely to swallow all
that is oflercd to their indiscriminate
There arc those who have become
the slaves of some master passions
that they struggle in vain to resist,
who, like the poor miser, does not
j possess gold, but the gobi possesses
him, and in cringing obedience lo thc
dictates of mammon, he is "starved in
this world, and damned in that to
come." Others have fostered habits
until they arc bound by its felters,
and, like thc poor drunkard, thc3' re
solve in vain to rid themselves of the
coils of the monster that has grown
two powerful for their wasted ener
gies and depleted strength.
Thc world is yet too full of those
who have made shipwreck of their
\ faith, and all that was once dear in
I the cherished inventory of virtuous
manhood, and are now floating on
the current of sinful indulgence
dreaming of peace and safely whilt
sudden destruction is coming upor
I li ern.
Those who enjoy and follow tin
dictates of genuine freedom are no
found in the haunts of dissipation am
crime-they are net the inmates o
our jails and prisons ; and knowin;
thc right they do not thc wrong per
sue, but arc true to Cod, themsclve
and thc interests of humanity. It i:
a painful truth, too obvious to 1 . -V
hied, thal many ol' thc citizens ol'cu
country do not enjoy the blessings o
The Governor's Charleston Speech
The Washington Star says :
"The hearty reception given t
Gov. Chamberlain by the chamber (
commerce of Charleston, and the co:
gratulations he received upon Hi
reforms of his administration and ll
increasing prosperity of South Can
lina, ought to cenvey a wholeson
lesson to the northern men whom a
leidend bas made chief executives ;
southern states. Governor Chandu
lain has apparently fulfilled h
plodges in good faith, and the resu
is, that his labors in behalf of til
state are fully appreciated by tl
people. Thc case of Gov. Chambc
lain forcibly illustrates thc Irutb i
the proverb, 'Honesty is the best pc
icy,' even in politics."
Wc have no doubt our Governor li
faith in that old proverb and that
will practice himself the same go<
doctrine bc so elegantly commends
thc attention of others. There is i
honesty in the willful neglect to pi
an honest debt. That our legislatu
are begining to appreciate that fa
appears in thc Tax Levy bill pass?
at thc last session, at least in t
Icyy of one fifth of a mill to pay i
trust due on thc State Agricullui
TlIK NEWS AND COUKIRK TO UK I<
i.ARUKO.-As many of our reade
know there is always something
thc News and Courier worth read ii
Those who read it arc not obliged
endorse all it says. Thc publish
announce its enlargement and say
j "Early next month; we hope
greet our readers wi tira paper c
taining Hie equivalent of eight nc
tional columns of space. This \
enable us to do full justice to read
and advertisers alike, and to give
journal which we trust will be In
respect unworthy of thc prosnei
and prospects ol' Charleston"
We are glad to notice this indi
lion of the prosperity of tho prindi
daily paper of thc largest eily of
An Honest Face.
Physiognomy illustrates eli rmi lei
and character ?inpresses ill' on
physiognomy. No man e know
himself to bo mean and hot hui
anti not show it lo sonic clent i
his very countenance. If a man
sneak thief and would put di
in another man's pocket, fo ?. il
let or steal trust funds, ed
himself and his family, and . .1
friends on stolen money, the very
fact of conscious infamy : 1 mean
ness will burn, not only into i i c
science, if he has one, but even into
his face and look out tin igii ...
eyes telling thc painful ci uvioth :.
of bis own being, lt wou'1 -iel" l;
nate for some men wc kn evi M
South Carolina, if they did ango
their characters to ehang( ri 1
faces, ami if they looked .. . Lobest
men they would hardly kno <
selves in a glass.
The reverse (d'this is t j an i : -
cst man is likely to carry : hon -,
face. The one incident iii wb ci . - -
ingstonc thought bc ?'ed i . ??:.< ho
proud, is thoroughly cha;:'
and we give it in his owr i ord .
"Grandfather could gi-', particu
lars of thc lives of his ?ru c ti r
six generations of the family be
bim ; and thc only point ol the tra
dition I feel moud of is this; Ooo
of these poor, hardy island' -
now ned in the district foi great wis
dom and prudence, and it is rei lcd
that when he was on his .'. alb-bed j
bc called his children aronui ...... an I
said: 'Now, in my lifetime, I have
searched most carefully, through ..ll
the traditions I could lim of tim
il^-, and I never could d ov?i 111 I
there whs a dishonest mai tun r
forefathers. If, tli'crefore, nh j you
or .inv loTyottt children ." . ! ' ' kc
io lisbon?s! ways, it will^.pot bu l?c
cau-?c i', inn;-, tn 1 '"lood; it "Joes not
belong lo you. ? I ea Vd pt
wi til you : Du honest."
A writer in thc Briti 1 i uarterly
"This moral heir-loon ol' is fam
ily entered very deeply into Ll) na
ture of the great traveller, i; his
face, as wc remember it, there >,
with all its kindliness of expr?s -,
a sort of troubled earnest . of out
look, as though the upright soul M'h
were always on the watch tor the
straightest way to the c-. i 11 view.
It was not suspicion; foi ?ve.. >i
discernment of character wa always
exercised in detecting fri' MUM of
truth rather than analyzing Hie cor
rupt motives of hypocritical ; . .'
Blit bc did not regard an 1 est life
as an easy one. It was I" ld tn al
ways the "fight ol' faith," no! in tiny
speculative, but in asti'n 'U practi
cal sense. And lo a gc: tl- doss ol'
nature which exercised a wonderful
charin over savage men, Iii ad lcd an
ostentatious but indomitable firmness
that always seemed standing front to
front with some invisible foe.
The Bible and Intemperance.
"The darkest neighborhood which
I visited was iii a narrow valley in
C-, without a minister, without
a church or Sunday school, and where
Sunday is spent in fishing ann bunt
ing and nut gathering. In val
ley I called on a notorious inebriate,
and found him in bed (trying tb sleep
oil' the effects of a drunken debauch.
Will; some effort he was induced '.o
come down from his chamber, saying
he knew bc looked har !, and was
ashamed lo see us. II? needed a
lii?ije, but had spent all his money,
and his neighbor who accompanied
me advanced two dollars, and bought
him an octavo copy. Ile H ti I bc
knew it would bc much better for him
to give up drinking and begin Iq rend
thc Bible. "Can you give up drink
ing?" I asked. "I must give it 141,
or it will kill mc." he ?said ?f?ncl T
lill i i. .I.JIJ.^U. .IF ll ? ? 1 H 1 * I'l I ll ' OBC-M
believe I can ii' I try." "Would you j
rather die than give it up?" 1 asked.!
'No, I would rather give it up than
die," said he. "Will you sign a
pledge il" I write one?" I asked. He
idhi, kil have half a mind to." "I
will write a pledge, ii' you will sign
it," I continued. "J will sign it for
one yeer," said he. And he wrote as
follows : "I, K. F., do hereby pledge
my word and honor, that after Octo
ber 1st, 1S7G, 1 will neither touch,
taste, nor handle anything that will
intoxicate, for thc space of one year,
so help me God." And bc signed it,
and his neighbor and 1 signed it as
witnesses. By this time bc was very
much in earnest, and he said, "1 am
now in my right mind, and I know
what I am doing. If I can keep that
pledge one year I can keep it ten. I
will have Mr. S. to write this pledge
on the first blank page in this new
Bible ; and I will sign it with ink and
keep it where I can often look at it;
and if there is any strength or honor
in mc, I will keep it. I am glad you
came lo sec inc. I had no expecta
tion of anything like this happening
to-day. This is a good day's work
forme. (Jive inc your address ; for
if 1 can keep this pledge 1 shall want
to write you a letter. . Will not my
poor wife rejoice ! Will not my em
ployer be glad ! Ile talked of dis
charging me, but now bc will not
need to do it. There is no man in
this valley that can carn moro money
uiaii I can, if I only lei liquor alone."
-Bible Agents' lteport.
How to Get Out of it.
A man rose in thc Fulton street
prayer-meeting, who had been a
drunkard for twenty j'Cars, and has
now been sober for four years, and is
nn earnest Christian man He said
oh Ids way lo tm meeting lui wa*
accosted by mm coller, who iv i sh cd
him to ?vi* ihr prayers of thc iuccliiig
foi* bini. ..What! for you? Have
you got out of thc rum traille?"
..No !" he answered, and I do not
know how lo gel out." "Well, I will
tell you. Koli your barrels into the
street, ami knock in thc heads, and
walk away from the traille." "Yes,
and leave my family to starve !"
"No! they won't starve in quitting
wrong and doing right. Get right
first, and then ask for prayer to keep
right." Tiiis ruinseUer is not twe
squares from this meeting.
Another man rose and said he wat
an ale-brewer, and be wanted to tel
what the Woman's Temp?rance Move
ment had done for him. "1 wen
into my place and looked around
and 1 said this is all wrong ; and
made up my mind there and thc
that I never would manufactur? drin
or sell another drop. I just close
Up the place and walked out-a ma
out of business-and to that I wi
.lever return. I am done with it foi
ever. And all this I owe to the Wt
man's Temperance Crusade, as it ?
called. I want you to pray for tm
I make a sacrifice, but 1 am willin
lo make it. Pray for inc."-Chris
S ? iib KN INKI.UENCKS.-It is tl
squall that upsets the boat, while tl
steady wind crowds hard upon it bi
only drives il right along towards ii
destined port. Thc slow force ol' tl
steady current may press it in vai
against the dam, but once let tl
pent-up waters above break away an
conic with a sudden burst, and yich
to thc instant pressur?, and goes dow
before thc torrent. The slow, gent
action of Hie electric current is barr
less, and often healthful, but thc co
ccntrated Hash and burning bolt sini
to swift destruction.
So it is with sudden influences <
thc impulsive and impetuous natur
of man. Thc approach stealtbi
and strike quickly. Unwalcliful ai
unaware of thc coming blow, wo a
?a oaoatww HBPI ?a-i ?im~.wi^tjnj -u.w ?aassgass
overwhelmed ant? Tall. Sometimes
Satan strikes at u man as the light
ning strikes out of thc cloud. Ho
sccs not thc smitting hand, he knows
not of its presence until he feels the
bery blow. Then iL is that human
resolutions bend before the hot blast
from hell. Thc struggle is often ter- j
OUTIL CAROLINA RAILROAD.
CHARLESTON, S. C., KH?. IA, IETS.
On nnil aller Tuesday, Kel? mirv Ililli, the lol
lowing changes in Schedule ol' this Hoad wil
KO into ulled :
COLUMPIA DAY PASSENGER THAIN.
Leave Charleston - - - r,. ir? A M
Arrive uti Columbia ... 12.65 F M
Leave Columbia - - - 4.30 I* ."il
Arrive til Charleston - 11.45 1? M
AUGUSTA DAY PASSENGER THAIN.
Leave Charleston - - . 7.po 1? M
Arrive ut Charleston - - - (j.35 A .M
COLUMItlA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Clinrlcston ... -.00 1* M
Arrive tit Columbia - - - 0.110 A M
Leave Columbia ... 7.10 p ?li
Arrive at Charleston . - - G.;1J A Al
AUGUSTA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston - - - 8..10 P M
Arrive at Charleston - - - 5.:to A M
The Columbia Dav Passenger Trains, which
Icavoat 7 A. M. anti arrive ni lt.:t?) P. M. will
(between Charleston ami llrunchvilln) slop only
at Slilllliicrvillu ami Ucorgc's. This applies holli
to thr up ami llowil tripe.
Hy this new Schedule a close connection will
he fntulu willi the Charlotte, Columbia mu? Au
gusta Railroad at their Crosslin; near Columbia,
which will avoid the transfer through Co! 11 rn bin
niitl ?ive ns ns quick a si heil II le io Washington
and points North as liv Hie other route.
Stooping Cars ou all niglil trains. Rnggag
chechee through. S. S. SOLOMONS,
s. ll. DICKENS, C. T. A. Superiuleutlctit
AN OUFIT PEEE.-soTife^
?11 every conni y to tn :e >ril3"s anti deliver goods
tor thc obi natl original C. 0. 1) House large
cash wilges. Siiicinl:?", chance in every neigh
borhood, f<?- the righi person of either sex,
young or oh), .Samples, new lists, circulars,
?erins, etc, a complete bullit sent Free ami post
paid. Soup b r ii at once and make tnonev at
your homes. Aililrcsc II. .K HALL A Co., (i, N.
Howard Street, ItalUmore, Mil.- nov.i;i-n-:im.
wc have just what you need. OnrUxll Mounted
Chromos outsell anything in Hie market. Mr.
Persons writes : ''I struck out yesterday, timi
by working easy four hours, cleared $7." A
lady has just reported her iirollts for tho Ibre
II. H ni as live dollars: yesterday up to -.! o'clock
she cleared .-even and a half dollars. We can
prove beyond iiucsUou thal one agent ordered
r?,<iOU of these chromos in eleven working days.
We have the finest ami largest assortment in
the I 'nileil Stales; hundreds of choice subjects
from which to select. We will send you an as
sorted one hundred of Hu; best selling on re
ceipt of six dollars. Send in your order of give
us a call, .sample liv mail '?Sn:, or pi for i.
.). LATHAM & Co.,
?HU Washington st., Ho.-ton, .Mass.
P. O. Pox 2151 Oct. 30-13-Clll.
r>OOK AGENTS and OOO!) SALESMEN arc
I J "COININ0 MONEY." willi Hie famous
. i bm ..?, edition lot- :'.'"(?. v?m popiilhi i d'
lion ($".MJ). I;I int it i ump .',,-1 oin- bandied full
nugi ipiaitu plate.-, li the cheapest and ':i 'St i
.y..n , uiblii alums in America, and tho best
o ell Critics vie willi 1 iii ti other in prnLiug ,
1:, .m . Hie masses buy it.
Agcid In wtiarie-ton, .s reports os orders; j
linn in suiet six. s. c.t ji,(;: , p, S'n., St il: an- 1
oilier in Mcin))l.is Mi ..; leis laben ?I '.nice. |
FULL PARTICULARS FREE. Address
J. ll, KOKI) A- CO., Publishers,
-7 Dark Plac?, New York
A UCUSTUS.II. KNOWLTON,
Attorney & Counsel or at Law
ORANGEBUllG, S. C.
GLOVER & GLOVER,
Alto i-11 eys il t L sv w s
No 5, LAW RANGE,
OKAXGKBUltG, S. C.
CHAS. S. ETJLL,
ATTI) UN KV AT LAW, UNITED STATES
Orangetmrg, S. C
Business faithfully and promptly al
f?S*" OFFICE for Ihejirtscnt in with A. B.
Orangeburg, Jan. 2.'i, 1875;
hp AY LOK FORDHAM ANO LAWRENCE
Attorneys at Law,
?nices at Charleston and Ornngebug.
L J. TAYLOR, J. HAMMOND FORDHAM,
Y. I). LAWRENCE.
^"'Special attention given to the col
et ion of claims and prompt- return
Orangeburg, March '20, 1S7"?.
DH. A. C. DUKES,
Dealer in all kinds of
Drugs and Medicines,
Dr Dukes has had N'lne YcarsExporl
cnee in 1 IrilgS and Medicines and 1 lioroilh
ly iinderstaiitls his business, lit: keeps
constantly on a large supply ot" Gooda
usually lound In a
First-class Drug Store.
BSF^Carcful attention ??aid to (he com
pounding of Prescriptions and till orders
promptly attended to. Cull Oil Ililli at
lils Popular Drug Store.
Orangeburg, Feb. Bl,1S7?.
* A D V E lt T I S E M E N T S.
MI SG?IJLAK KOUS .
(~\ KANO OPBXrSG t
I will open this morning a lot of the
ever offered ih this market, co si
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
And in order to cultivate n trade for
these line grades I will sell them
"V E Ii Y Hi O W .
I have also received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for nie from the
IT i ii est tSeleetetl "Wiie?.i;s
1 have never had a complaint of
this brand of ..our.
IMPORTANT NOTICE !
Inferior KEROSENE OIL is so dan
gerous and so many accidents have oc
curred from its use, I have been induoad,
at the repeated solicitation of my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
u their us?;. ! have just receive t.'n
bi rrels oi
PUKE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 124 lire test. I will sell thia Puro
Oil cheaper than the same grade of Oil
can bc sold at in this city. Families use
ing this Oil are safe. Tho uso of tho
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
is equivalent to bringing into thc family
destruction and death !
1 have also received:
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Hams,
10 Boxes Cream Cheese, direct from
25 Firkins Goshen Butter,direct from
the Dairy, which has all tho
freshness and ilavor of the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging twenty ounces.
25 Sacks Lagnayra Coffee, equal to
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio
With a full supply of
Fro-Ti iii } ? > I.
My stock is full, with prices low and
good limes coming.
Thanking the public for their yery lib
end patronage, and soliciting Its contin
uance, I will do my best to merit thc
Il.VIilJ Y SOLOMON,
Columbia, So. Ca.
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